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THE CIRCULATION OF TEE SUNDAY USES
For the District and Maryland, showers
In the morning; followed by fair; warmer;
WASHINGTON, MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 5, 1897EIGHT PAGES.
The Democratic Leader Arrived
Here Last Night.
AN INTERVIEW WITH HIM
Spealts of the Growth of. Sliver
Sentiment Ilus Not Studied the
Dingiey Mill To Appear Before
the Supreme Court Two Dis
tinguished NebrusliuiiH "With Him.
William Jennings Bryan is again a
guest ot the National Capital. He arrived
over the Baltimore and Ohio at 0 o'clock
last night, and went Immediately to the
Metropolitan Hotel, where he will btop
during his stay in the city. Mr. Bryan'.s ar
rival was entirely devoid oC sensational
incidents But few were aware or his in
tention to visit "Washington at this time,
ami the majority of people in the District
will be surprised to learn that the great
Ellver champion is again in llich midst.
Mr. Bryan's visit has no political sig
nificance, as ho comes to take part in the
argument or the Nebraska maximum rate
case, which will be heard befoie the Su
preme Court today.
Accompanying the Democrnticlcadcrarc
Hon. John C Webster, a leading lawyer or
Omaha, Neb , and Attorney General C. J.
Smythc, of the same State.
Botii of these distinguished men will be
associate:! with Mr. llryau in the hearing
The party left Lincoln, Neb., last Tuesday
morning. Mr. Bryan stopped off at l'ork,
Pa., on Saturday, where he was entertained
by ex-Gov. Chaunccy Black, president of
of Uie League ot Democratic Clubs. A
Tunes reporter saw Mr. Bryanln his apart
ments at Die hotel shoitly after his ar
rival. The Nebraska statesman was attired In
a conventional black frock suit. A low
cut vet, showing n wide expause of shirt
bo"-om, and the wide-brimmed hat that has
always been so characteristic of his dress
completed his get-up. Mr. Bryan said he
"never felt in better health," and his ap
pearance certainly indicated the truth ot
the statement. .Mr Bryan has gained In
avoirdupois since his labt visit here, over
a month ago
"I am always glad to get back to "Wash
ington," he said, "even IT the object; of
my isitisto grapple with kuotty problems
of law. I shall probably remain here for
several days, but my stay aviII entirely
depend on thetimeir taken in theargument
of the case in which 1 shall take part to
morrow." Questioned in regaid to the silver sen
timent throughout the country, he said:
I am more than ever impressed with the
idea that the silver sentiment is steadily
gaining rattier than losing ground. This
Is certainly true in all parts of the West,
and 1 am informed fiom reliable sources
that the same sentiment prevails in the
"Do you observe any improvement in the
times since the new Administration came
"If thereisanyimprovcnientin the finan
cial condition of the country I have failed
to observe it; certainly there is no moie
money in circulation, and the laboring
classes have not yet been benefited.''
Mr. Bryan did not care to discuss the
Dingiey bill and the erfect it would have on
"I have not had an opportunity to study
thc bill and am consequently in no po
sition to discuss its provisions,'" was the
way he dismissed the subject.
Mr. Bryan will probably leave "Washing
ton cu Wednesday, but will return here on
April 13, to participate in the Jefferson
dinner, on which occasion he will respond
to the toast, "Thomas Jefferson."
It is more than probable that the Demo
cratic leader will pay his respects to Mr.
MeKinley before he leaves "Washington.
Itis not generally known that Hon. John
L. "Webster, -who accompanies Mr. Bryan,
was the first man to whom President Mc
Kinley tendered the position of Assistant
Secretary of "War, which was lately re
fused by Col. Fred Grant, of New Xork. Ur.
"Webster was offered the place shortly after
the new Administration came into power.
Mr. "Webster immediately uotifiedthe Presi
dent, however, that on account of business
reasons it would be impossible for him to
take up an official residence at the .Na
Mr. MeKinley on receiving "Webster's ul
timatum again turned his eyes toward
the west for another man to fill the posi
tion, and by a curious coincidence it fell
to the lot of John C. Co wen, another
prominent citizen of Mr. "Webster's own
town of Omaha to lefuse It. It Is gen
erally supposed that. Grant knew of these
two refusals before the position was
finally tendered to him. Indeed, this fact
is said to be responsible for Grant's
highly personal telegram to the President
refusing the place.
Attorney General Smythc, who is also
with Mr. Bryan, has lately gained dis
tinction, not only in Nebraska, butthrough
out the country, by his relentless prosecu
tion of several high Nebraska officials
who arc charged with the serious offense
of misappropriating State funds.
None less than the State treasurer, audit
or, and superintendent of the Institute
for Feeble-minded "Youth, will be called
upon to answer these charges. Attorney
General Smythc has already caused all of
these officials to be arrested, and will
leave no stone unturned to secure their
conviction. To a Times reporter who
questioned him in regard to the defalca
tions, he said: "Recent developments in
Nebraska show that Joseph S. Hartley,
who held the position of State treasurer
up to the time the Democrats came iuto
power, a few months ago, is a defaulter
to the extent of 530,000. The accounts
of Eugene Moore, who -was auditor under
the same regime, show a shortage of
over $23,000, and Dr. Armstrong, super
intendent of the Institute for the Feeble
minded, seems to have taken $3,G00 ot
the State funds.
"These defalcations have been going on
for nearly four years, and it remained Tor
the Democrats to discover them. All
other departments of the State govern
ment show an utter disregard of the law
governing the management and distribu
tion of State moneys All of the parties
who are directly charged have been ar
rested, and from the evidence I now have
against them, I have no doubt that speedy
convictions will follow. Over $180,000 of
Bartley's defalcation was obtained by a
fraudulent warrant, and I am inclined
to believe that the auditor colluded
-with him In the theft
"Before the election in Nebraska the
Charge was freely made against the
Tusionl6ts that their success would be
Injurious to the credit of the State. Dur- I
ing the Republican administration of the
State's affairs, State warrants were at a
discount of 95 per cent, but the people
believed that there -was over $1,500,000
In the State treasury. "When the Stnto
went Democratic, last November, it was
believed that the State securities would
immediately go down. On the other hand,
since we have taken control of the govern
ment, State warrants of the general fund
have gone up to 08 1-2 per cent, while the
university warrants are at par. Tills
result has been brought about by a care
ful, business-like administration.
"We also hope to show by the count
ot ballots by the committee, appointed by
the legislature on the amendment for in
crease of the number of members of the
Supreme Court, that gross frauds were
practiced in almost every county in the
"All of these facts go to show that Mr.
Bryan and the principles he represents
have only been strengthened in his own
Stale during the past few months, and
will have the effect of keeping Nebraska
under Democratic control for many years
CABINET CH1SIS AT AN END.
Austria's Emperor llefuses the
Heslgiiutiuutj of His Ministers.
Vienna, April 4. The cabinet crisis that
was brought about by the resignation on
Friday or Count Undent, tlieprimeminister,
and the other members of the ministry
has ended by Emperor Francis Joseph re
fusing to accept the resignations of his
ministers. After conferring with the em
peror, Count Undent and Ills colleagues de
cided to carry on the government, despite
the fact that they had found it impossible
to maintain a liberal majority in the new
The emperor therefore again confirmed
the whole cabinet;.
IT LOOKS BAD FOR HDNTER
A Combination oil Holt Said to
Have Been Made.
It Ik Possible That He May He
.Elected Today Hunter's Friends
Louisville, Xy., Apt 11 4. Dr. Hunter's
case is a desperate one. He still has his
hopes, but they are not shared except by
the most sanguine of his friends, and even
they are beginning to feel that it would
be the better part, of wisdom for him to
find a soft place to land.
An astute politician, who for obvious
reasons does not wish his name men
tioned, said today:
"Hunter never hadn chance to be elected.
His opponents have felt confident of thi-ir
ability to prevent than consummation. He
has been In the position of Tantalus, very
near the objector his thirst, but with it
al ways Just beyond his 1 each. Every move
he could make was anticipated, every
expedient he could employ dis
counted. For every adherent he mightgam
there has been a supporter of his who
could be i died ui.on to desert him at the
"Tou see, a number of Hunter's ad
herents have never at any time wanted
to ee him Senator, but have been kept
inline by the Administration whip. Solong
as these men saw there was no chance of
Hunter's election they have been willing
to be counted among his ostensible sup
porters." This interview is given for what it is
worth. Theie is, however, much circum
stantial evidence to support it. The fight
for and against Hunter has been a bitterly
personal one, and he lias had ai rayed
agaiust him the shrewdest politicians in
Kentucky, men who have hud long ex
perience and great success in making and
breaking political combinations.
There Is a strong probability that Hunter
will be dropped tomorrow. Itis whispered
around In political circles that is what is
to be; that many of his adherents have
served notice upon him that he must get
out of the race and give another man a
Judge W. n. Holt Is the man who, Itis
thought, stands the best chance. He is the
strongest compromise candidate. It is
understood that there will be an attempt
to stampede the joint convention to him
tomorrow, and Ills friends are predicting
confidently that he will have enough votes
to elect him.
It is said that there was a star chamber
conference tonight, in which several prom
inent Republicans, including some who
havo been supporting Hunter, participated,
in which it was decided to make a bold
attempt to eleot Holt. It is certain that
the Holt men speak very confidently, but
on the other hand It is asserted by many
that his election is impossible.
NEW OFFICIAL FOR THE B. & O.
D. B. Martin Appointed Mnnnger of
Baltimore, Md., April 4. D. B. Martin,
of Cincinnati, Ohio, has been appointed
manager of passenger traffic of the Balti
more and Ohio Railroad by the receiveis,
the appointment to become effective April
15. The office is a newly-created one and
i8 for the purpose of giving the very
closest attention to passenger business.
Mr. Charles O. Scull will remain general
passenger agent of the road.
Mr. Martin is now general passenger
agent of the Big Four, and has been with
it and its predecessor, the Bee Line, for
more than thirty years
- SUNDAY FIRES.
FInmes Cause Large Property Losses
in Muny Quarters.
Hamilton, Ont., April 4. The retail
hardware 6tore of Peter Bertram & Co.
was gutted by fire this morning. Loss,
$20,000; insurance, $14,000.
Flouring "Mill Burned.
Honesdale, Pa., April 4. Kimble's steam
flouring mill was burned today. Loss,
Store and Dwelling Destroyed.
Honesdale, Pa., April 4. J. 8. O'Con
nor's mercantile establishment and his
dwelling adjoining, at White Mills, were
burned today. Loss, $30,000.
Death of a. Centenarian.
Brooklyn, April 4. Mrs. Mary Halloran,
who lived with her spinster daughter,
Margaret, at No. 93 North Fourth street,
died Friday. She is believed to have been
over 100 years old. The daughter is sev
enty years old.
Blinds. $1; Small Sizes, 75c a Pair.
Libbey & Co., 6th st. and New York ave. tr
Ivy Institute Business College, 8th andK.
None better $25 a, year, day or night.
THE BATTLE. OF
Waged in Fnll View of the
MORE ARMENIAN MASSACRES
Minister Terrell "Warns the Porte.
American Missionaries! Must He
Troteeted Troops Demanded to
Guard Their Ilesideuees in Iladjln
Province A Governor Appointed.
London, April -1. The Canea correspond
cut of the Daily News telegraphs to that
paper a description or the fighting that
took place yesterday on Uie peninsula of
Akrotiri. He says that about 4,000 Mos
lem irregulars strenmed along the road
from Canea to Suda. They passed the
international forces, and were In full view
of the foreign warships.
They began ascending the hills toward
the insurgent positions, and no effort was
made to stop tliein. Two thousand of them
were armed, but the others were without
weapons. The unarmed Moslems were
driving donkeys and carrying baskets .
A story had circulated that the admirals
were going to allow the Insuigents to re
move inland and the Moslems intended to
pillage their houses after they had gone.
The insurgent fighting force at Akrotiri
numbers only about 700 men.
When the Moslems were withlng 200
yards or the insurgents' lines a parley was
held by the leaders. What passed be
tween them is not known. Suddenly along
both lines there were almost eoiicurrent
At first the insurgents hud the advantage
and drove the Moslems down the hills.
The latter rallied and, making a fierce
charge, drove the Christian fiom their
forward posts, where a Turkish flag,
which is still waving, was planted. A
moderate cstiuinte placed the killed and
wounded on each side at fifty.
Major Bor, who is in command of the
gendannery, and two Italian officers,
ascended the lull and parleyed with the
Moslems, trying to stop the fighting.
Several of the warships had loaded their
guns and were about to shell the Moslems,
when they saw Major Bor and the Italian
officers. They then refrained from firing,
fearing that they would hit them.
A heavy rain stopped the firing be
tween the Christians and the Moslems, and
the latter returned to Canea. Orders had
in the mean wliile been given that they be
disarmed when they arrived at the city
gate. The first rew when they reached the
gate had their arms taken from them.
After a short rest these men returned nioug
tiie Suda roadand warn i'd theirapproacliing
comrades, who hid their arms. Conse
quently ouiy a few were obtained.
Seven hundred rifles that were dis
tributed by the government remain in the
town. Despite orders that have been
given by the admirals, the Turkish offi
cials refuse to liberate three Greeks who
are prisoners at Akrotiri.
DISORDERS AROUND KURJI.
Several Armenians Reported Killed
in the IHUis Vilnyct.
Constantinople, April 4. Itis reported
here that disorders have occurred at
Kurji, in the vilayet or Bitlls. It is
stated that several Armenians were Wiled,
but no further details arc given. The polit
ical outlook is so decidedly uncertain that
business in Constantinople has come to u
A general feeling of uneasiness prevails,
and as a result pi ices at the Bourse display
a downward tendency. Iu local stocks yes
terday there was a heavy decline all
The diplomats here have telegraphed to
their respective governments the broad
lines of the scheme of autonomy for Crete
upon which they have agreed. The details
of the plan have not been divulged, and
it is probable that nothing definite con
cerning them will be known until the
powers pass upon the scheme.
The ambassadors havo called the at
tention of the porte to the reurs that are
entertained that there will lie a massacre
ot Armenians at Hadjln, in Anatolia,
which place escaped the fury of the
Turks and Kurds during the previous mas
sacres. When the several districts of Anatolia
were being ravaged by the Turks some
months ago the Hon. A. W. Terrell, the
American minister, warned the porte that
the United States Government" would de
mand the head of the governor of the
Hadjin district If any harm should befall
the three American lady missionaries who
were located in Hadjin. Mr. Terrell lias
now renewed his warning, and has demand
ed that a troop of soldiers be detailed to
guard the residences or the missionaries.
A Christian governor was appointed for
Hadjin three months ago, but he has not
yet arrived at his post.
PORTE'S DEMAND ON GREECE.
"Withdrawal of Troops From Crete
Constantinople, April 4. The porte has
prepared a note to Greece demanding the
withdrawal of the Greek troops in Crete.
The porte dcelareffthat In the eventof the
demand being refused the porte will hold
It is Btatcd that the note has already
been presented to the government at Ath
ens. BASHI BAZOUKS DISARMED.
Long Parleying Ensued Before They
Canea, April 4. The work of disarming
the Bashl Bazouks, who took part in the
sortie Satuiday against the Christians who
were retiring from the peninsula of
Akrotiri, began today. A number of
gendarmes went to the village of Kalicni,
where many or the Turkish Irregular troops
are living, and demanded the surrender of
The Bashi Bazouks "were defiant and
boldly refused to give up their weapons.
As a result the European troops were sum
moned and they surrounded the village.
Parleying with the Bashl Bazouks "went
on for an hour before any material ira-
pression was made on them.
Finally they consented to give up their
weapons, which they did with very bad
grace, much time being occupied in the
process of disarming them.
At other places European troops mount
ed guard at the town gates to' prevent the
Bashi Bazouks leaving and hiding their
arms outside the towns. A proclamation
was issued declariug all those who with
held their arms would be shot, but this
failed of the desired effect, as only about
one hundred rifles were yielded.
It is known that fully 200 more are
still in possession "or their owner), and
strenuous effoits will be made to get them.
The insurgents have exploded a dyna
mite cartridge under one oi" the walls of
the fort at Kissamo.
GLADSTONE'S RKl'LY TO ZATMIS.
He "Wants to Redeem His Country
Athens, April 4. M. Zaimis, president
of the boule, the sfngle, Greek legislative
body, recently sent to Mr. Gladstone a
message or gratitude fc-rjthe stand he has
taken in behalf of Greecjj and the Cretan
Christians. In his message, 3d". Zaimis said:
"All your glorious lire lias been full of
combats for Justice and liberty. Now that
the Hellenic nation lias risen to fight in
.favor of Crete, which is hedewed with
blood, you come' to uphold anew the
rights of an oppressed race."
Mr. Gladstone's ""reply to this message
was made public here .today. He says:
".My .tract was not written to confer a
favor on Greece, but to discharge a solemn
duty contributing to redeem my country
from any risk or dishonor which would
have been incurred by placing ourselves
in antagonism to the high interests of jus
tice and freedom. -My opinion is thatlf the
Greeks continue discreet and the Cretans
firm their reasonable self-assertion will
carry the day, and thepowcrs.ir they should
be so unwise as to take a hostile part, he
both discredited and defeated."
FUNDS FOR GREECE.
Public Orders of Athens to Give
Up Their Money.
Athens, April 4. The guilds and other
public bodies here and at the Piraeus have
arranged to hold a big demonstration on
Tuesday next, the Greek Independence day.
They haveof leredto turnover to thegovern
meut all their funds, amounting to nearly
one million drachmas.
They have invited the other towns of
Greece to make a similar display of
patriotism and give-all the financial aid
possible to the authorities in order to
enable the latter to continue their prepa
rations to maintain the rights of Greece.
THE SITUATION IN CRETE.
The Policy of the Foreign Admirals
I.ondon, April 4. The situation in Crete
could not be worse or more disgraceful to
the six impotencies of Burope. -The policy
of the admirals and their governments is
impossible and Indefensible. Even Lord
Salisbury's supporters iu this country are
wondering how long it will be persisted hi.
The defenders of the government had been
driven to such expedients as explaining
the frequent bombardments which the in
ternational fleet indulges In as not leally
disastrous. They have even taken the
trouble to investigate the subject and de
clare that the bombardment; of a town is
a harmless operation as far as loss of life
At Plevna ifc took- a Russian battery a
whole day'b firing for each Turk killed.
At Gibraltar, in, 1781, 200,000 shot and
shell were thrown, and' the total killed
and wounded wasonly I,ji4U. It took 200
shots to kill one man, according to tholig
ures of. the Franco-German war Kwn
more surprising, Into Verdun 33,000 shells
were thrown and only seven persons were
killed. Plialzburg had a similar number
of fatalities tor thy S.000 shells received
there: Eight deaths iu Hitche were caused
by 25.U00 shells, or 3,000 shells for ench
man killed. In Mcziercs 300 were killed,
but it lequlrod 103,00(1 shells to do the
job. Then there was Thio'uvllle.into which
30,000 shells were thrown, with the result
that two were killed, and finally Longwy,
which received during; the siege 30,000
shells without losing a single man. At
Murfreesboro it took 27 cannon shot and
130 rifle bullets to hit one man, whileone
of the maxims of warrslnce thecninpnigu
or 1S70, ih that it takea a ton of iion to
kill a man.
So sympathetic Englishmen are begged to
believe that the Cretans really ought to
be thankful to the powers for providing a
pyrotechnic entettalnpient with only a
sufficient spice of danger to make it in
teresting. It seems to lie generally expected that
next Tuesday, Greek Independence Day,
will be a critical moment On theThessaly
and Macedonian frontier the question of
beginning hostilities rests more with the
Greek National Society than with King
George's government. If an advance is
ordered by this society there is no doubt
that war will begin, and the government
win he compelled to approve or abandon
CHANCES FOR- VICTORY.
The Greeks Lilseiy to Make It In
teresting for the Turks.
Now that the Greek army faces the Turks,
a chance will be given the Turks to make
good the boast recently made by one of
their generals, "That the Turkish army
could easily capture the capital of Greece
ia three weeks' time."
Tiie friends of Greece, and those who
have had misgivings as to the ability of
"a handful of Greeks'' to hold their own
agaiust the hordes of their traditional
enemy, may derive hope by recalling the
victories won by a handful of Greeks
during the struggle for independence over
the numerically superior forces of Turkey.
Those victories were all the more glorious
"when it is considered that the Greeks of
that time had neither trained soldiers nor
artillery worthy the name, and only limited
supplies of ammunition and provisions, as
all their seaports were blockaded by Turk
The Greek army of today is better
equipped than it ever was. Greece has
300,000 French Tifles of the most recent
make. Her artillery is in splendid order
and her officers, all of whom are Greeks,
are men of experience. Books of sta
tistics do not furnish much information
as to the available forces of Greece incase
of war. For instance, the official reports
give the military strength of Greece at
about 20,000 men, yet it is a fact that
at the present time there are from 50,000
to 60,000 Greeks on the frontiers of
Epirus and Thessaly -waiting for the com
mand to fire.
The first volley fired by the command
of a Greek officer will serve as a signal
to bring to the assistance of the Greek
forces no less than 10,000 Thessallnns
and as many more from Epirus, and about
30,000 more rrom. Macedonia. There arc
also thousands of others, the reserves, on
their way home from foreign lands-. These
reserves are able-bodied men, and accus
tomed to military service. When all these
Continued on Third Page.
Mantels, Auj; ; Size, S1.0O Apiece.
LlbDey & Co, ,6th st; .and New York ave. tf
Best Nnijapei-,l;ec, TOO lbs., $l.fiO.
JMbbey &"Cd..6tbst.,andNcw Xorkavc. tf
HE SOUTHERN HEARTS
flcroism of the Men Who Are
Fighting the Great Flood.
PITIFUL TALE OF SUFFERING
Noble Utterances of n. ICentticlcian
Who Would Not Ruin Others to
Save His Own I'roperty Graphic
Description of the Damage Done
by the Flood.
Now York, April 4. LouisClaudeWhiton,
a lawyer, of No. 41 Park Row, haa Just
returned from a flying trip through the
West ami the flooded Mississippi region.
He tells a startling tale of the great suf
fering of the people in tiie inundated
country, and of the loss of life and prop
erty. He said today: "It is hard for anyone
at a distance of 1,500 miles to appreciate
the terrible destructive power of a mighty
river like the Mississippi as It races on
ward, forcing down at places the stoutest
embankments that have been erected to
check its progress, overthrowing in its
mad flight trees that have stood the storms
of hges, and houses, some of which are
veritably rooted to the bedroc'k. We
need not go to tiie dikes of Holland for
illustrations of deeds of herohru; we can
find them every day at all the towns
lying south of Memphis, where, in the
face of fearful odds that would cause the
stoutest heart to quail. Southern deter
mination, pluck and bravery are manifest,
as with the aid of paid and black convict
labor the residents along the river continue
their ceaseless vigils and untiring exer
tions agninet the elements.
"The stiain of the past week Is mani
fest, and at Helnla, Ark., and Host-dale and
Greenville, Miss., the faces of the work
ers are becoming gaunt and haggard."
"The Mississippi at present is forty-four
miles in width at Memphis, and the dally
trip of the little stern-wheel ferryboat from
the levee at Memphis to Marion, Ark.,
through the inundated district directly west,
is full of thrilling incidents. The boat
threads its way through orchaids, over
farms, past buildings flooded to their sec
ond stories', or floating on the surface of
the water. It pushes aside debris of every
description trees, corn cribs, hen ccops,
"The village of Hopefield, opposite Mem
phis, Is lett without a singlein habitant, the
entile town being many feet under water.
The normal width of the river at Mem
phis is about one mite, and the district of
over forty miles westward, which Is
ordinarily dotted with active little vil
lages, is today entirely deserted, like Hope
field. The black refugees from this
great inundated district have been for
the past ten days huddled together in
tents, pitched on an old race track,
Olympic Park, just outside the city limits
of Memphis. It is estimated that there are
fiom 3,000 to 5,000 negroes there
encamped. The place is designated as
'Camp Congo.' Here the residents of Mem
phis have not only provided shelter, nut
also arranged a large commissary de
partment, through which the refugees aie
"The threatened districts in Mississippi,
beginning about 1UO mile south ot item
phis, have Called for help, and the able
bodied negro men, in nearly every in
stance much against their wills, have been
forced to work in thelevee, for which Si
a day, board and transportation are given
"When the proposition to goto work was
first offered to the negro refugees only
two out of the entire number accepted
The committee in charge of the camp then,
announced to the idle necro vagabonds
that they must work or leave the camp,
as they would under no circumstances be
allowed to continue their life of idleness.
"The behavior of the white retugees was
quite different. Many people Imagined that
the men being cared for by the Rescue Mis
sion were of the tramp order, but all, with
the exception of about one dozen, accepted
the offer made them of work on the levees.
These men are now employed at various
points in the threatened district.
"Helena, Ark., for the past week has
been in great danger; some of the tired
fighters with tiie mighty waters proposed
that the levee be cut below the town and
thus relieve the pressure in the levees of the
town at thcexpeaseof fchefarmingdistrlcts
lying to the southward. When the pro
posal seemed to be getting friends, one of
the Influential men of the place made this
manly appeal: 'I am a Kentuckiau, and a
Kentuckir.n never gives "up. Men, we have
cursed the temerity of the people to the
south of us who sought safety for them
selves by cutting tiie levees below them and
causing the destruction of thousands of
dollars' worth of their neighbors' property,
and now it is proposed to seek our own
safety by the same dastardly means. I for
one am aeainst it, and denounce the man
who proposes It. I am willing to stay on
this levee and fight back Hint wind and
water as long as there is a bit of strength
in my body, but I am not willing to see
disaster come to my fellow-rnen, who 'have
labored as hard and as long as we, to save
their own property.'
"Renewed life was thus infused in those
almost overcome by their sleepless labors.
Nature has at last done Whatman refused,
and on Wednesday a tiny stream was dis
covered trickling through the levee, at a
point about ten miles below the city. A
crj of danger, a mad rush of the thou
sands at work fortifying the embankment
with bags of gravel toward places of
safety, and in less than ten minutes the
maddened, muddy stream began to roar
through an opening that soon extended
several hundred feet. This break and
the one at Laconia, a village just south
of Westover, will Inundate nearly 50,000
acres of the finest plantations and most
fertile farms of Arkansas, In which are
employed fully 5,000 laborers.
"The immense break of over a quarter
ofamlleiu width at Perthshire, near Green
ville; another crevasse near Mound's Land
ing, about fifteen miles north or Jackson,
Miss., and another near Australia, about
twelve miles north or Roedale, will deluge
the entire greatMississippi delta. The most
celebrated and richest plantations in the
South are being rapidly overwhelmed by
a wild rush of "waters, and a loss of life
that will rival the Johnstown disaster is
threatened at Greenville. It is impossible
to estimate the loss of property and the
extent of the suffering that has already
taken place, and this is sure to increase.
"Thousands are busily labeling to protect
the town or Greenville, a town of 10,000
inhabitants. All businessis suspended, and
men aie working for their lives. The town
is twelve feet below the level of the em
bankments, and when the break comes, and
It looks now as If itmustrome, the earth
of the levees already becoming mushy, the
roar and rush of the swollen river will be
terrible. The situation la desperate In the
"The Inhabitants have themselves to
blame for much of the terrible loss Df live
stock and property, as warnings were re
peatedly sent out by the Government sev
eral days ago, and the attention of the
people was then called to the importance
ot removing their cfreets back from the
river and to higher localities.
"One thing is certain; that Is, that the
loss has already mounted up into the
miliums, and that all previous records
of inundation in this district are now
passed, and an area ot over 3,000 square
miles has been converted rrom rich, arable
land to a muddy iniaad sea, hiding from
view over 150 miles of the Yazoo and
Mississippi Valley Railroad.
"The Government appropriation for the
sufferers of $250,000 really comes too
late to be of substantial value, but will
be used for the protection of New Or
leans and relief of the unfortunate people."
HARRISON THE FAVORITE
The Silver Candidate Likely to Win
Ks-Governnr Altgeld Has Been of
Much Assistance in the Manage
ment of His Campaign.
Chicago, April 4. One of the most ex
citing and remarkable municipal cam
paigns In Chicago's history closed practi
cally last night, election day being next
Tuesday. Nathaniel C. Sears, superior
court judge, Is the regular Republican nom
inee. Carter II. Harrison, son of Chicago's
famous mayor, is tiie Democratic nominee,
and there are four independents In the field,
besides the Socialist-Labor and Prohibi
tion ticket. Only two of the independents,
who are running on reform platforms, are
taken seriously Washington Hes-jlng, ex
postmaster and editor of the Staats Zei
tung, and Alderman John M. Harlan, Re
publican. lioth are running on about the same
kind or a platform, the chief plank in
which is a business administration of
municipal affairs, and payment for fran
chises to corporations.
Although the result cannot surely be
predicted, it is generally conceded that
the race lies between Harlan and Harri
son, the former having made big gains
lately at the expense of Hesing.
The Republican machine is under the
piie-lriver. It opposed MeKinley and was
beaten. It opposed Mason for Senator and
was beaten. The Republican newspapers
or Chicago, with one exception, were ar
rayed against it In the Senatorial fight.
In the present fight the most influential
Republican paper is now supporting the
machine it so bitterly denounced six weeks
John Peter Altgeld is the master mind
in this campaign, ne has held the Bryan
sliver vote together, and it will go 100,
000 for his" mau, Carter Uarrison, next
Tuesdny. It is almost a certainty that
Altgeld will control political patronage In
Chicago for the next four years.
The present Republican mayor, George
B. Swift, desired renomlnation, but the
Republican machine would l&ive none of
him. After vainly looking around for a
candidate it selected at the eleventh hour
Judge N. C. Searb, of the superior court.
Judge Sears is a good man, hut the Me
Kinley men and the Republican reformers
who have been fighting the machine for
years seized their knives and began w'ar
on tiie machine's candidate.
John M. Harlan, a Republican reformer
and aidetman, was put up. He Is being
enthusiastically supported by the Me
Kinley element, the Times-Herald and the
Recorder. Mr. Harlan says he will close all
saloons at midnight, enforce the civil
service law, close all gambling houses and
make a nice Puritan town out of Chicago
crat, who would rather be mayor than
Presldeat. Itis Hesing who has ruined the
Republican chances. As editor of the
Staats Zcituug, and son of Anton nesing,
he has a tremendous German following in
Chicago. The vote is, under ordinary cir
Bryan received about 135,000 votes in
this city, and Harrison expects to get
nearly 100,000. ne has been indorsed by
the Populists, and the silver Republicans
have given him encouragement, ne is
being ardently supported by the saloon,
restaurant, and hotel keepers on the thecry
that if Chicago is "wideopen" It will at
tract ready money.
Several thousand Republican saloon
keepers are for Harrison. He has never
held a political office, but was for a brief
year co-editor of the Chicago Times. He
is thirty-six years of age, married and
possessed of a pleating address which
makes him many friends. He is the eldest
son of the late Carter Harrison. During the
Presidential campaign he worked hard for
SUPPOSED BANDIT AHRESTED.
Tjnion Pacific Hold-Up Lust October
Nevada City, Cal., April 4. -James True,
who Is supposed to have been the leader
of "the gang of bandits which held up the"
Union Paciric passenger train near Uin
tah, Utah, on October 14 last, and obtained
several thousand dollars, was arrested here
yesterday by the sheriff of Nevada county,
and will be turned over to the Federal
The Uintah hold-up wasone of the bold
est in the history ot railroad robberies,
from the fact that there seemed to be
but one man concerned in it, and that the
train was gonethrough from one end to the
other. The amouat taken from passengers
and from the express cars could never
be fully ascertained, although it was'known
to be large, but it was positively known
that $2,400 was obtained from four
pouches of registeredmail matter that were
carried off by the bandits.
Inspector George H. Waterbury, of the
Denver postal dlvisiou, was detailed on
the case, and has been working on it
ever since the robbery. His suspicions fell
on True, who was discharged from the
Union Pacific service a few weeks before
the hold-up, and who disappeared
immediately afterward, but not before he
had displayed more money than he was
ever before known to possess.
Geu. Sehofield's Present.
St. Augustine, Fla., April 4. Mrs. Schc
field tGday prescuted Lieutenant General
John M. Schofield, U. s?. A., (retired), a
fine healthy girl baby. The general was
retired on account ot the age limit eighieen
Ko.l CeJUnu.Hended1.25 per 100 ft.
Libbey & Co., 6th Bt. and New York ave. tf
CONSUMERS Mil SUFFER
Miscliievons Possibilities of the
IMPORTERS MUST GIVE BONDS
The Treasury Department to Co
operate With Congress lu the
Attempt to Prevent Anticipatory
Importations Final Straw Added,
to the iiurden of Uncertainty.
The outrage sought to be perpetrated
upon the business community by the letro
actlve provision of the new Dingiey bill
becomes more Intolerable with each new
development of the policy of the Tieasury
Department in the effort now being made
to co-ojjerate with Congress in the attempt
to prevent anticipatory importations. The
difficulty or providing regulations for the
enforcement in advance of the provisions
of a bill which has noo yet become a
law has caused the new Secretary of the
Treasury and his assistants much concern,
but after fully reviewing" the statutes re
lating to customs matters Secretary Gage
has decided that he Is empowered to do
about as he pleases with regard to the
treatment of importations in respect to
everything except the amount of dutv to
be levied, which, of course, can only be
determined by tariff statutes.
Arriving at this conclusion, the Secretary
yesterday practically decided to adopt a
policy with regard to the Importation ot
all goods purchased after April 1 , which
will add the final straw to the burden ot
uncertainty now being carried by tiie busi
ness men of the country. Today a
circular of instruction will probably he
issued to all collectors requiring them not
only to take samples of all goods imported
hereafter, but also to delay by such de
vices as may be necessary the final liqui
dation of all importations that may be
made after April 15, until the passage of
the Dingiey bill. The mischievous effect
of this policy can hardly be overestimated
and It is especially unfortunate that the
consumer will probably be called upon to
bear a very heavy proportion of the load
with no chance of reimbursement in the
event of the final overthrow of the retro
Under the present regulations, when en
importation of merchandise is made the
duties are estimated, and upon being paid
by the importer the goods are delivered
over to him and may at once enter Into
consumption. About thirty days thereafter
the invoice bills of lading, etc., are taken
up by the accounting officers of the cus
toms house and the importation is finally
"liquidated;" that is, the account Is finally
adjusted and the transaction with the im
porter closed. After the liquidation his
business with the Government ends', and so
far as the cost of his importation is con
cerned, lie knows where he stands.
Under the regulation to be promulgated
by the Treasury Department, there will
be no liquidation upon any importation
of merchandise purchased after April 1,
and as a result merchants who desire to
secure their goods will he compelled to
give bond for the payment of whatever
duties are found to be due before final
liquidation is made. This will enable the
department to exact bonds rrom all Im
porters upon which the Government can
sue for the recovery of the new duties
levied by the Dingiey hill, if the retro
active provision goes through and is sus
tained by the courts. It will thus be seen
that npt only will importers be without
the necessary data for fixing the selling
price of their importations, but they will
be forced to give bonds large enough to
cover all possible advances in duty un
der the provisions of the Dingiey bill. As
this bill has not yet been reported to the
Senate, no one can say what these duties
will be, and the department will use its
own discretion as to the size ot the bonds
to be executed.
But the Treasury Department will not
content itself with upsetting the calcula
tions of the Importers: it will take all pos
sible steps to prevent a determination of
any of the vexed questions by a resort to
the courts before the Dmgley bill be
comes a law. The sampling of importa
tions will proceed under the general author
ity granted the Secretary of the Treasury
by the customs administrative act, and
in order that no Issue shall be made by an
apparent discrimination against importa
tions of merchandise purchased after April
1, itis understood that the Secretary wdl
direct the postponement of final liquida
tion in the case of all merchandise ar
riving in this country after April 15.
This step will uot only greatly embarrass
merchants who buy goods hereafter, but
will serve to clog the general channels of
trade to such an extent as to upset all
commercial calculations. The entire pro
gram of the Treasury Department will be
made public today, and it is probabla
that no time will be lost by leading int
porters in gathering material for a test of
the validity of the department's proposed
Six Hundred Miners Strifce.
Ottumwa, Iowa, April 4. Six hundred
miners struck against a reduction from
seventy to sixty cents. The mines affected
arc those or the White Breast, at Keb and
Chisholm, Evans' mine, at Avery, and Chi
cago and Iowa mine, at Cedar Mines. Other
operators will follow the cut, and the other
men will doubtless go out.
New Mexico's Governor Resigns.
Santa Fe., N. M., April 4. -Gov. W. Tt
Thornton has wired to Washington hl3
resignation as governor of New Mexico.
His commission explreson the 15th Instant,
but he has always declared he wouldresign
as soon as the Button gang conspirators
were executed, hence his action.
Commerce Commissioners to leeU
Savannah, Ga., April 4.-The Interstate
Commerce Commission will meet here to
morrow for the purpose of hearlDg com
plaints preferred against the railroads Jrt
this section by the Savannah Freight
Bureau. The five members of the com
mission will all be present.
Hceeiver for a Mine Operator.
Duluth, Minn., April 4. A. L.. Ordean,
president of the First National Bank, has
been appointed receiver for Alfred Mcrritt,
the big iron mlningoperator and developer
of properties. The petition for the receiv
ership was made by the Second National
Bank of Kentucky.
12-inch Stock Hoards. ."?1 per 100 Ft.
Libbey & Co., Gth st. and New York ave.
Haltlgan's Pocket Manual; useful., re
liable, neat. It