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THE MOKNINGr TIMJSS, SfOyPAY, APRIIi 5, 3 897,
CUBA'S UNCERTAIN FUTURE
Famine and Death the Prospect
Under Spanish Rule.
INSANE POLICY OP WEYLER
Condition of Affairs in tile Island
Described by the London Times
Cori-usnouileut Snnin Smiles ou
the .New Adniinihtrutiou in the
Mr. C. E. Akers, for a. long time corre
spondent ot the London Times in Cuba,
lias just published a letter concerning the
condition or arralrs iu the" Queen of the
Antilles that is more or less noteworthy
on account of the impartiality ot the
writer He says in part:
Certain gains Have most certainly fallen
to the Spaniards, the death ot Maceo In
December, and the capture ot Itius Rivera
a few days ago being the most notable.
But at what cost has the campaign been
The provinces of Pinar del Rio and
Havana, and large portions or Matauzas
and Santa Clara, are one staring mass o
at every point; ruin in the present, famine,
disease and death in the future, are all
that the Cubans can hope for while Cuba
remains under Spanish rule.
Under these circumstances I do not
think that the death or this or that
leader can bring victory any nearer to
the Spanish arms. Where one Mich man
as Kius Rivera is lost, to the insurgents, a
hundred spring tip to take his place.
Moreover, it must not be forgotten that
this guerilla warfare needs not any gieat
military genius to conduct it. It is, to a
very great extent, "every man Tor Himself
and the devil take the hindmost." The
only object in view is to keep the country
in such a condition of unrest as to make
imperative the presence of an enormous
army of occupation. Small parties of
fitty or one hundred men scattered thiTjugl!
out the island can do tins more effectively
thau a concentrated force of 20,000 or
30,000 men, upon whitli the Spanish
commander-in-chief could at once mass
greater numbers, equipped with superior
Gcu. Weylcr's policy of extermination
and devastation is nothing short of the
nlmost insane working of an ignoraut and
completely unbalanced mind.
To kill peaceful people on the technicality
that they have neglected to obey the order
to leave their homes and take up their
residence In some town where no means of
subsistence exists is inexcusable.
To devastate the whole island or Cuba on
the plea that by so ddng all supplies will
beshutoffrrom the rebels only demonstrates
the dense ignorance under which the Span
ish general Is laboring.
The rebels can get food enough to live
on for another ten years ir necessary,
while the cattle alone now roaming wild in
the dirferent districts will supply the in
surgents with beer Tor at least a couple or
yeais to come.
Hard living it may be, no doubt, butbettcr
subsist en the roots, the game and the fish
that arc the natural products or the island
than starve to deatli in crowded villages,
surrounded by Spanish soldiery. That, at
least, is the idea dominating the bulk of
tiie Cubans today, and Weylcr's jiolicy
has helped that idea to take the practical
form or joining the rebel ranks rather than
obeying the order to come into the towns..
Of the Spaniards resident in Cuba there
ure few who approve ot Gen. Weyler's
methods. Some doubtless do because they
Xcar with intense dread that the Cubans
may win their independence, and when that
time arrives treat the Spanish clement in
the future as the Cubans have been treated
in the past.
Of course, it Cuba gains her Independ
ence, the Spaniards must take their choice
or becoming Cuban citizens or retaining
their Spanish nationality; If they elect the
latter alternative, they naturally will
lose all power to control public affairs.
Granted, however, that Cuban inde
pendence becomes un fait accompli, I do
not believe, from my experience or the
Cuban people, that any undue harshness
-would be shown toward the Spaniards.
As a rule, wherever Spanish soldiers have
been taken prisoners by the rebels they
have been kindly treated-tended to, ir
wounded, and often returned to the nearest
Spanish military post -without any condi
tion being exacted.
As for the foreigners resident in Cuba,
they have but one feeling with regard to
Weyler's methods of conducting the mili
tary operations. They consider Weyler
and his actions as a reflex of the worst
barbarities of the middle ages, far more
brutal, indeed, than many of the most
eevcrc means employed by the Holy In
quisition to attain its end9.
The object of Weyler's present policy is
to exterminate the Cuban people a people
composed or some 1,200,000 whites and
000,000 negroes or of mixed blood.
To kill every peaceful male inhabitant of
Ihe country is one ot Weylcr's methods; to
drive the women and children into the
towuB to die ot hunger is another.
(Jen. Weyler says that rations are issued
to these poor wretches, forced into gar
rison towns. I can only say that I have
repeatedly r.sked atxnifc this reputed issue
of rations from the poor people themselves,
and the reply invariably is that there was
BOtne talk of this at first, bub no such
rations had ever been given. These peoplo
must beg for a little bread from day to dny
from neighbors better ofr than themselves,
and when these sources are exhausted sit
quietly down to -watch their children and
themselves vastelowly away, until a
mercirul death relieves thorn from their
In these circumstances is it wonderful
that foreigners in Cuba have small sym
pathy for Spain in her struggle against her
A few pedantic individuals may talk of
the lieroio sacrifices and the noble crforts
ot Bpain to retain this last remnant of her
oaco great colonial empire.
Is there anything heroic or noble in
Bending from Spain 200,000 raw and im
mature boys, not knowing the rudiments
of a soldier's duty, to" die of fever In some
pestilential Cuban outpost?
Is there anything heroic or noble in
shooting like dogs every prisoner ot war
taken in thefi eld, or deporting thousands of
men without Bnow of trial to penal set
tlements because they are denounced as
having sympathy -with the rebellion?
Is there anything heroic or noble in re
ducing Cuba to ashes and plunging Spain
into bankruptcy for no purpose whatever?
No. The truthis that the Spanish people
are played upon by political cliques in
Spain, and their Qulxotio feelings aroused
for the single reason that certain poli
ticians may benefit. Itls time such criminal
folly be ended, and nobody knows this bet
ter than the foreigner resident in Cuba.
The cases are many in which the
foreigner lias fared as badly as the Cuban,
under this despotic and barbaric govern
tnent of Spain in Cuba,
There is the case of Ruiz, done to death
in the 1n.II at Gjianalincna.
Henry D'Abrcgeon, a well-known Canad
&m foully murdered by Spanish soldiers.
while lying Kick in bed in his house in
iir. Uelgado, who was shot and left
The ill-fated-prisoners" of the Competi
tor, now nearly eleven months in the
dungeons of Cabana.
For the moment the Spanish policy pro
fesses more leniency to American citizens
in particular, and more clemency toward
the rebels in general. I say "profess" ad
visedly, for there is small proof that such
a policy is to be adopted as the outcome ot
mature deliberation and the decision that
the measures in the past have been of too
severe a nature.
The real reason forany momenta rychnnge
is the advent to power of tiie McKinley
administration. Just now Spain is full
br smirks and smiles, ot curtsies and tricks
as a coquette of six seasons at least; or,
better said, perhaps, the treacherous
weather ot an English springtime.
Spain made Mr. Cleveland and Mr Olncy
dance to the tune she piped.
I have the authority of Gen. Fitzhugh
Lee, the United States consul-general at
Havana, for stating that.
Not in one single case since he assumed
the duties or the Havana consulate have
American prisoners been accoided the
privileges they are entitled to under the
Spanish-American treaty and proctocols.
Gen. Lee states that his efforts to obtain
the full treaty rights for Americans were
invariably thwarted by instructions ema
nating from Mr. Olncy In Washington.
If the -wiles or the Spanish minister are
as successful in entrapping Mr. McKinley
and Mr. Sherman as they were Mr. Cleve
land and Mr. Ohley, then, good-by to any
hope for justice to American citizens or
protection to American property in Cuba.
God grant that Spain's efforts to mislead
the United States Government may this
time prove a failure
The paramount question for those with
interests in Cuba is: What chance there
may be for a speedy termination of the
existing conditionof affairs and the restora
tion of a lasting peace established on a
sound and firm basis? This happy con
summation cannot be reached by the pro
mulgation of any reforms Spain may see
fit to grant to the Cuban people.
The time is passed when a measure of
rerorm could liavo satisfied the craving
for liberty possessed by the Cubans. Wey
lcr's brutal policy ot the past fourteen
months has effectually killed any hope in
Gen. Weyler,- apparently with the sup
port ot the Madrid government, is evi
dently or opinion that the -proper way to
get rid of the trouble is to exterminate
Willi all due deference to the Spanish
commander-in-chler, I do not believe suh
a plan is feasible, even if the United Suites
would quietly continue as hitherto, stand
ing by and allowing the experiment to be
The Cubans are today better armed and
equipped, and with greater numbers in
their righting ranks, thanat any time since
the revolt began. They can continue a
guerilla warfare on the present lines for
years, and there is every indication that
they are prepared to do so.
MORE JJETA? FOR CUBANS.
Humors of un Expedition Started
Wilmington, Del., April 4. -It is stated
here tonight that upon the arrival of the
steamer Laurada here last Sunday Capt
Hughes, her commander, went to Philadel
phia, where, after a consultation with well
known ship brokers of that city, he took
charge on Monday of a vessel, name un
known, lying in the Delaware between
Chester and Wilmington, awaiting a com
mander. The vessel passed down the river
the same arternoon.
Cuban sympathizers here say the vessel
carried a cargo of rifles and dynamite and
thirty men. who will join the insurgent
forces in Cuba.
SUSPECTKD VESSEL SEIZED.
Tug Alexander Jones Tulten for a
Jacksonville, Fla., Apvil4. A telephone
message from Femandina to the Times
Union states that the tug Alexander Jones
was brought In there late last night in
charge of an officer from the cruiser Vesu
vius. The Governmentvcssel camel n today.
The tug was seized on Cumberland Sound
on suspicion of being a filibuster, but, as
nothing suspicious was found on her, she
was held on the charge ot violating the
navigation laws, being witlir'titliglits when
seized by the Vesuvius. The cruiser was
out all night, and her appearance spoiled
a large expedition that was ready to sail
from that place.
The tug Panama was lying at the dock
thereat midnight, with severallarge barges
alongside of her loaded with arms and
ammunition. When the Jones came in
they took alarm, anil the barges were run
off up the St. Mary's River and hid, so that
when the Vesuvius arrived she found noth
ing suspicious on the tug.
As the tug was fired up and had a big
lot of coal on, she was viewed with sus
picion. The Jones had a lot of coal on, It
Is said, and a very large crew for so small
THE BOYCOTT DENOUNCED
Columbia Union Condemns the At
tack Upou The Times.
A Committee- Appointed to Act In
Conformity With Strong lies-
At a special meeting ot Columbia Typo
graphical Union, No. 101, held yesterday
at Typographical Temple, the folio wingpre-'
amble and resolutions were unanimously
Whereas certain labor organizations in
Washington have placed a boycott on The
Washington Times, a newspaper on which
arc employed union men; and,
"Whereas it seems that the said boycott
is unreasonable and unjust; therefore, belt
"Resolved, That a committee or three be
appointed to investigate the causes which
prompted the boycott and endeavor to have
an amicable settlement by which lie said
boycott be lifted.
"Resolved further, That our delegates
to the Central Labor Union be instructed
to use all honorable means to induce that
lHidy not to indorse the above mentioned
A resolution proposing legislation to
empower the Public Printer to appoint
applicants for positions without passing
a civil fcervicc examination was defeated
by a decisive vote.
A BKAKIQIAN DROW.N'ED.
The Fourth Futulity in Sionx City's
Sioux City, Iowa, April -i. Residents of
the Floyd River bottoms here are again
flying to higher ground. At Merrill, James
aud Hinton, points above here, the stream
is out of its banks and flooding the valley.
Here the bank is higher, and a three-foot
rise will be necessary before the floods
of a fortnight ago can be repeated. The
rise still progresses, however, at the rate
ot two or three inches an hour.
While repairing flood damngeon the Mil
waukee road JohnA-BusunclLabrakeman,
was drowned last night. He is the fourth
victim in this locality of this season's high
ARMY BILLS IN CONGRESS
Several Important Ones Are Being
Urged for Consideration.
Secretary Lament's Line Heorgnnlza
tion Hill Knocking for
If Congress should find time this session
duringintcrval8 of tariir discussion to devote
some attention to geneial legislation, the
Army could put in a strong claim for atten
tion, aud bcvcral bills already introduced
are deserving of consideration. Prominent
among them is the Lamontbill forlihe re
organization. This measure adds two regi
ments to the artillery and two companies
to each regiment or infantry.
A strong arguinentused by tliu advocates
ot the bill is that the new forts are now
going up so fast and the heavy guns for
them are coming forward in such numbers
tliatit is prudent, even takinginto consider
ation only the question ot proper care for
theue w batteries, to provide more artillery
men. In addition, therels needof more men
to work the guns, aud these should bein
slructe.1 as soon as possible iu their duties.
As to the infantry, it desires the three
battalion organization, while the experi
ence of four years ago, in which Ihe Gov
ernment bad to call on its troops for the
enforcement of Federal laws, suggests that
the Army ought not to remain at its
strength of over twenty years ago, when
the population and interests or the country
have since so greatly increased. The Army
bill lias strong friends in Congress.
Another measure of interest is Mr. Haw
ley's, to promote the efficiency ot the
militia. The same Senator has introduced
a bill to determine the lineal rank. Jit
medical officers entering the Army, and
also the bill to simplify subsistence rules,
which passed both houses, but Tailed
through not being signed by President
Cleveland. The bill for the readjustment
and payment or dues to Army offlccrs has
also been introduced. Mr. Grosvenor's bill
to make thcChickamauga and Chattanooga
Park a field Tor military maneuvers or
the regulars and the organized nilliUa
should also be mentioned.
A bill which 'has an interest beyond the
Army is one to establish a bureau or mil
itary education, in charge of an Army
officer, and to promote the adoption of
uniform military drills in the public schools
or the country. The measure designed to
increase the pay or non-commissioned of
ficers of the Army has heretofore been
earnestly urged. The old project for build
ing another heavy gun factory, tobe estab
lished at Bcnleia, reappears. Rather a
noticeable bill is the one that provides for
the mobilization of 15,000 regular soldiers
and marines and the organized militia of
the States for ten days between July 15
and August 25 next. A House bill would
retire, with an additional grade, Army
officers nt now above the rank of captain
who served in the war
Thus there is vaiiety in the military
legislation proposed, but the line reorgan
ization bill is easily the most important,
both totheserviceand thecountry.
THE WEEK IN CONGRESS.
Unless the Unexpected Happens Tt
Will He One of Houtine.
It is said that Acting Chairman Davis
of the Foreign Relations Committee docs
not intend to press the arbitration treaty
for final consideration during the pres
ent week. Tiie debate on the tieaty has
been protracted, and now that the last
amendment peimisslble has been offered
aud voted upon and the convention, as a
whole, is in the shape In which It must
be finally ratified or rejected, there ap
pears to be a disposition to bolt for a
short session. Several reasons combine
to make such a policy probable- No ar
rangement has yet been made with re
spect to pairs on the final vote, and as
this is a matter solely between individual
Senators, some time must ensue before
the pairs can be adjusted, arising out of
the fact that two affirmative votes will
be paired with one negative vote, the
action of the Senate .being' determined by
a two-thirds vote. .
It Is also understood that Chairman
Davis desires to permit the State Depart
ment to have a few days in which to
study the changes that have been made
in the treaty. Unless, therefore, someone
desires to speak on the subject, Mr. Davis
will not move an executive session for the
purpose or continuing the debate until sev
eral days have elapsed. The chances or
the ratification or the treaty remain pre
carious. The Senate Appropriations.Coinmlttee re
ported the agricultural bill early in the
session, and it may be called up at any
time By Tuesday the sundry civil and the
Indian bills will be ready. The latter bill
will, no doubt, lead to some discussion,
owing to one or two Senate amendments
that will open the door to the fight that
was made over this bill at the last ses
sion. Mr. Elkins of West Virginia will deliver
a speech today on his bill providing for 1 0
per cent discriminating tax on goods
brought to the United States in ships not
tlioseot this country. This speech has been
prepared with great care, and treats ot
this subject exhaustively. The purpose of
the bill is indorsed by a plank in the na
tional Republican platform, and has' been
approved in the State conventions of fif
teen States. Mr. Elkins intends to force the
bill to the front, and believes that this Con
gress will enact it into law. While the sub
ject has been touched upon In discussion, It
has never been so fully and thoroughly
treated as it will be by Mr. Elkins today.
The bankruptcy bill still rcmnins the un
finished business on the Senate calendar.
Unless the Senate shall have passed ono
or more of the appropriation bills now on
its calendar by Wednesday, when the
House of Representatives meets, another
adjournment will be taken by that body
until Saturday. The probabilities arc
strongly In favor of a do-nothing week in
The King of Slam's Visit.
New York, April 4. His majesty the
King of Slam, wlio will return to his
country by way of the United States after
a visit to Europe this summer, is expected
to reach New York in the early part of
September, and will remain in America
about a month. The Bangkok newspapers
of February 8, -which have just been re
ceived here, say this about the trip:
"It is now almost definitely settled that
his majesty the king will make a trip to
Europe this year, and that he will leave
Bangkok on April 7, in the Mahachakkri.
The European tour Is expected to occupy
about eight months, and, according to
present arrangements, his majesty's suite
-will consist of T. R. II. Princes Sommot,
Mahlt, and Sanpliasat, riiya Srlsdl, Nal
Rajanat, Mom Anuyat, and two royal
pages. During the voyage to Europe II.
R. II. Prince Sanpliasat will act as aide-decamp
to his majesty, but on arrival those
duties "ivill bo undertaken by II. R., H.
Prince Chirax. H. R. IT. Prince Swastl
Sobhon -will also meet tiie klngln Europe."
On his visit hero the king wlllvJsitWnsh
ington, Chicago, St. Louis, Denver, Salt
Lake City, and San Francisco. He will
take passage at San Francisco on one of
the Occidental and Orientalline steamships
to Yokohama, -where the royal yacht will
meet him and convey him back toHangkolc.
THIS LOVEL1" ZION BAPTISTS.
A Congregation Formed and Services
to Be Held Hegularly.
The ship of the now Lovely Zion Baptist
Church was successfully launched yester
day morning at Cadets' Armory, O street,
between Seventh and Eighth, a very
large congregation assisting at the event.
Services will continue to be held there
until the congregation is able to build a
The sermon was preached by the pastor.
Rev. S. Geriah Lamklu, from the text of
Daniel, "The Btone cut out of the moun
tain without hands." The idea elabor
ated by the preacher was the final triumph
ot the GospcL The Gospel is the wonder
of the world, he said, first, because of
its humble origiu, its founder coming as
a stranger into' the' world of his own
creation; and again, its Wonderrul strength
Is manifested in its power over individual
and nations. 'Christ will conquer nil
the forces in opposition to His Gospel
by love, and not its. Napoleon or Alexander
did the enemies; of jtheir kingdoms, by
fire and the sword.
SUED FOR. AN ACCOUNTING
Serious Charges Against Treasurer
Brown, ot' Ocean Grove.
Is Snid to Have Grown Itich by
Taking Illegal Commissions at
the Association's Expense.
New York, April 4. For twenty three
years David U. Brown whs i reasuror or the
Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association
and a member or the Methodist Episcopal
Church of that most reputable community.
No one suspected his Integrity, the ugh
people sometimes wondered .-.c the evi
dences of his prosperity which they plainly
saw and ror which the y could, find no
explanation. . -.;
It has Just come to" light that ou March
,4 papers were filed iu the court of chancery
charging Mr". Drown with practical dis
honesty. The complaint Is long and full or
legal phraseology.' Briefly, it charges as
follows: ' '
That very early in the history ot the
association Air. Brown was elected treas
urer and rrom that time down to lftTii nil
the revenues of the association were jaid
over to him and were deposited in
a bank in BicoWyn. That in that year
the system of paying bills was changed
by requiring the same to be audited by the
president and secretary. That in lfc&0
a new system of ifsulug to the treasurer
a written order or warrant for the pay
ment of hills was adopted. Hut daring the
whole of the incumbency of Blown, fiom
the date, of his election down to 1S96,
the lunds were practically under his ton
ttol and management, and subject to be
drawn from their place ot deposit on his
The complaint charges thut It has been
his custom to retain nil voucher, and to
keep possesion of all the checks with
which payments were made- That he still
has all the vouchers and cancelled checks,
thus preventing the association from
properly auditing and examining its ac
counts with him. '
Early in 1896. it continues, it was dis
covered that there had been some irregu
larities In the office of the treasurer.
That an investigation was made and it
was discovered that the treasurer hud
been receiving commissions from those
with whQiif the association was dealing.
For tents, lumber' machinery, electrical
apparatus and supplies, asphalt, sewer Pipe
and ice and other good wares and mer
chandise of great value'in the aggregate,
largo commissions, sometimes running as
high as 50 per cent, have been paldbythose
supplying them, wno'have charged the
It says that the committee in charge of
the Investigation called upon David II.
Brown and demanded a full statement
and accounting! They also called upon
him to dellverup all his books and papers
in order that they-1 might discover the
amount of money which he had illegally
received. Hut livhild the aged treasurer
admitted, the cduiplnlntsnys, that he had
been guilty of receiving illegal commis
sions, he refused to give up the documents
In the case. 'I '
The concluding portion of the complaint
asks that the former treasurer, who was
removed rrom orilce as soon as it was
made certain that he was unfit to fill it,
be compelled to account for the money he
lias obtained in this way. Thus far no
answer has been received. Hut the legal
days of, grace arc about up, and if Mr.
Brown does not come to time quickly the
offlceis of the association promise to take
LOW SAYS PLUMBERS WIN
Columbia College Arbitrator De
cides a Labor Dispute.
Decision Ends General Strike on
Three Buildings, Hut New
Troubles Mny Arise.
New York, April 4. The general strikes
on the Columbia University buildings and
tho two public school buildings in East
Eighty-seventh and East Eighty-eighth,
streets, over the dispute between the
plumbers' . and stenmtitters' unions, were
formally declared off Saturday by the
board of walking delegates. This was in
accordance with a pledge given by the
board . to abide by the decision ot Presi
dent Low, of the university, as to the
merits ot the claims ot the two warring
unions. Mr. Low ruled in favor of the
plumbers, much to the dissatisfaction ot
the board of walking delegates, whose
espousal ot the cause ot the stcamfittcrs
started the strike. The board was bound
by its promise, however, to declare the
strikes otf , and the strikers will return to
This by no means disposes of the trouble
in the building trades, although it decides
permanently the right of the plumbl-rs to
the thermostatic work which was the bone
of contention between them and the steam
fitters. The movement among the mason
builders to organize boards of arbitration in
every trade and ignore the board of walk
ing delegates is still, progressing, and the
general lockout ou- strike of the stcamfit
tcrs has yet to be settled. Mr. Low says
in his decision:
"The thermostat is a, patented device for
automatic regulation of temperature by
openlng and closing under the Influence of
variation in temperature in its usual ap
plication of a valve or damper that regu
lates the heat supply. " Most frequently It is
attached to steam Heating system," but it
is also used to regulate the temperature ot
water in a boiler or tank? and In connection
with the hot water system of heating.
Mr. Low goeson to sity that after en rnpst
search he is unable to say thatthereis any
general characteristic pf the work that
would determine beyond a doubt to which
uulon it properly belonged, and that he was
moved to inquire underl the circumstances
why an amalgamated society of pipefitters J
There's plenty of style
in our $7.50 men's suits
plenty of wear and plenty
They're pure wool sub
stantially trimmed a n d
$10 would be the price if
we didn't make 'em our
selves. Nobby "bike" suits at $5
Corner '7th ana E Sts. N. W
No riranch Store in Washington.
should not have been organized for just
"If the same rule be applied to thermo
static work," says Mr. Low in conclusion,
"as between two unions, one of which can
do it only under some conditions and for
some of its applications, and the other
of which can do it under all conditions and
for all its applications, this' work should
be assigned to the union that can do the
work as a whole in every one of its appli
cations, in an old building as well as in
a new. Under this view the control ot the
thermostatic is determined not by tiie
chance or its being done! n anew building
and to connect with a radiator, but by the
more fundamental consideration that the
union which under sonieclrciunstances must
do 'it should do it under all circumstances.
My finding is for the plumbers and gas
All the thermostatic work done in New
York would not, according to an authorita
tive estimate, keep more than eight men
steadily employed all the year round.
President O'Brien, of the board or walk
ing delegates, said that this decision set
tled the question as to -which union should
do the thermostatic work, and that, in ac
cordance With the promise to Mr. Low, the
strikes would be declared off. Ihen lie
was asked what he would do if non-union
stoamfilter.s were put to work.
"That would be an entirely new griev
ance and would be dealt with In the regu
At the headquarters of tiie locked-out
stcamfitters the news of President Low's
decision was received with howls of dis
pleasure. Several of the stcamfitters de
clared that they were very much dis
pleased, mid that they had expected a
IRISH PATRIOTS' APPEAL
The Kin of Erin Asked fo Aid a
Urged to Aslsr in the Celebration
of the Struggle Inaugurated
One Hundred Yeans Ago.
New York, April 4. The "Ninety-Eight''
Centennial Association of Irish Patriots
has issued an address to ail persons ot
Irish descent appealing for funds to aid
In the celebration of tho centenary of Ire
land's struggle for freedom. This cele
bration is to take place in Ireland next
year, and it is proposed to make it a
memorable event, in the hope that the Irish
race throughout the world will turn their
eyes to their native land with hope re
newed for the establishment of a distinct
nation. The address, which is signed by
Edward O'Flaherty, president, and John
B. Kelly, secretary, and many others, is
In part as follows:
"Ninety-nine years ago the people of
Ireland roseagainstlntolerable tyranny and
made a gallant effort to restore their coun
try to a place among the nations. Follow
ing the example of the Thirteen Colonies,
they sought to obtain by force the rights
denied to peaceful appeals. Ireland was
held by a foreign government, which ruled
through an alien oligarchy, disfracliised
and plundered the majority of the people,
crushed their industries, stifled their in
tellectual growth and made such rights
ot citizenship as it allowed dependent on
religious belier. In place or this odious
system, the united Irishmen proposed to
establish a government "or the people, for
the people and by the people," under which
all men, Irrespective of creed or class,
should have equal rights and duties. Eng
land fomented religious strife; the united
Irishmen brought the warring sects to
gether and buried the feuds or centuries.
"The bIood,f 50,000 patriots killed In
battle or slaughtered after the fighting
was over, attested "their faith in the
principles of civil and religious liberty,
while the loss of 20,000 British soldiers
gave proof or Irish valor on the battle
field. No more heroic struggle is recorded
in history and England's success was due
more to the elements, which deprived
Ireland of that foreign aid which enabled
America to win, than the prowess of her
soldiers or the skill or her generals.
"The leaders or thu united Irishmen
came rrom every class and every creed
represented in the population, and were
men or high character, great attainments,
and heroic devotion to principle.
"They aud the gallant rank and file who
followed them, Protestants and Catholics
alike, prevented the extinction of the -Irish
cause, and handed it down, a living, burn
To aid the people of Treland to fittingly
celebrate that heroic struggle, and honor
the men who took part in it, the Ninety
eight Centennial Association has been
"We propose to aid the work by
contributing to the success of the demon
strations, and in making the monument a
great work of Irish art, worthy otthe Men
of '98, and worthy or the race. Compara
tively few Irish men or women in America
can attend the demonstration in Ireland,
but all con contribute to the monument.
"Let us close the nineteenth century
with a becoming tribute to the men "whose
work enabled us to stand together as a
distinct people, so that we may be ready
in the early days or the coming century
to take the place that belongs to us among
the nations or the world."
THE DEATH OF CROSBY.
Consul General I.ee Believes the
Spaniard Murdered. Him.
Consul General Lee believes that in the
death or C. E. Crosby, the Chicago news
paper correspondent, another atrocity equal
to the Ruiz murder has been committed.
Lee entirely discredits the report made
by the Spanish authorities as to how Crosby
met his death, and has wired the State
Department to this ctrcct. Tie has been ad
vised to thoroughly investigate the matter
before leaving Tlavanna.
An Immense Cargo.
New York, April 4. -The Hamburg-American
steamer Pennsylvania, whicli arrived
this evening from Hamburg, brought 13,
200 tons of cargo and drew twenty-nine
feet of water crossing the bar, probably
as heavy a draught as ever entered the
port, although deeper-laden vessels have
left here. The Pennsylvania had a large
miscellaneous cargo, Including 60,000 bags
or sugar. There were also on board 031
passengers, all told,
THE PRIDE OF TEE NAYY
Battleship Iowa Built for Power,
Speed aud Beauty.
Her Trial Trip to Be ilude Wednes
day, when a Record Ik Ex
pected From Iler.
New York, April 4. It Is; confidently ex
pected by the Messrs. Camp, the builders
of the steel seagoing battleship Iowa, that
by Thursday of this week, the run will have
been made aud the calculations regarding
tide and time completed, which will mark
the climax of naval construction up to the
present time, as far as the combination of
che points of speed and fighting ability
aud effective range of action are concerned.
The Iowa, which Is to have her trial trip
over tiie deep sea course or forty miles
between Cape Ann, Mass., and Cape Por
poise, Me., ou Wednesday, is regarded by
naval experts as the nigiiest type of vessel
in which the powers or orfense and defense
are coiqblne'd which Uwt yet been launched
under "the direction of the Government.
She has been built With the idea or com
bining the fighting powers of the ships
or the Indiana class with as large a pro
portion' or the clement of speed us could
be provided for in a vessel or her weight
In accordance with the fixed plan Of the
department relative to the armamentof the
new bhips, the Iowa lias been supplied with
twelve-inch guns as the principal-part of
her main battery, in place or the thir-teea-Inch
guns which the coastline bat
tleships carry. This reduction ot an
inch in the calibre ot the big guns is not so
important a difference as. might at first
be supposed, the ship being intended as a
fighter in the open sea, while the Indiana
and her sisters would be called on to do
Inshore work, where the heavier pro
jectiles might be of rr.ore use. This dif
rerence in the weights or guns and pro
jectiles makes It r-o'-')'"te to carry more
ammunition for the smaller guns, and gives
them a correspondingly greater range of
activity in point ot time. The element
ofcost.also.is of greatimportance, and the
case with whicli they can be handled is a
prime factor In the availability or the tur
rets. The smaller weapons on the Iowa, the
eight and four-inch and six-pounder guns,
are about on a par with those or thelndiaua
and her sislem. Her side armor, fourteen
inches thick. Is four Inches less in thick
ness than has been placed on the Indiana,
and her turret armor is of the same thick
ness, fifteen inches, but the barbette walls
are fifteen inches, two inches less than on
the Indiana. She is twelve feet longer
and four feet broader than the Indiana,
but has the same draught.
It is in her engine-room, however, that
the principal difference between the classes
or ships is seen. The battleship to which
New Yorkers have Just been introduced has
engines which, on a development of 1 1,000
horsepower, are calculated to drive the
11,300 tons or the ship's displacement
through the, water at a rate not less than
sixteen knots an hour. In the older ships
fifteen knots wad the maximum speed de
manded, theenglnesdeveloplng 9,000 horse
power. With her full supply of coal (about
1,400 tons) on board, the Iowa will be
able to cover more miled of sea and do
heavier fighting than any other ship in
the Navy, the cruiser not being able to
give or take the blows which would fall
to the lot or the Iowa, and the other nattle
ships having less coal capacity and con
sequently a reduced fighting radius.
One of the most striking peculiarities
of the new ship is the extreme height of
her smokepipes, which tower up beyond
the level of her fighting-top and almost
reach the height or the mast. There are
only two of these tall pipes, instead of
three, which the Brooklyn will carry, and
they are intended to give the ship a greater
amount of draught under normal conditions,
and obviate the necessity of resorting to
the blowers until extreme steam pressure
is needed. This is expected to result in
the development ot a targe amount or
power with only a comparatively small
consumption of coat
An advantage or the high .smokepipes is
the delivery or the smoke and gases rrom
the furnaces at a height giving them a
clear way above the ship's deck, while
a disadvantage Is the attention likely to
be attracted by a volume of smoke coming
rrom a high funnel when" an enemy is some
where near. This latter, however, carries
little weight, as the Iowa is not built to
run away rrom anything nrioat, and the
difference in time or being sighted by an
enemy will not, it is believed, have any
erfect on the 400 men who will constitute
her crew and list or orricera.
INDIANS CALL ON BLISS
Kicknpoos Object to a Division of
Their Tribe Lauds. '
Their Religion Would Thereby Be
Destroyed, They Stiy Secretury
1VJ11 Consider the Mutter.
Among the callers on Secretary Bliss
last Friday was a delegation of gaily
dressed Mexican Kickapoo Indians, who
have been in the city for several weeks
past. They wereaccompaniedby theagent
for their tribe, Martin J. Bentley, and by
Senator Quay. The names ot the In
dians aTe: Wa-pe-che-the, Kah-hat-come,
Wah-c-mock-the, Panawa and John Mine,
John Mine acted as spokesman for the
party and told the Secretary that the tribe
was utterly opposed to both taking any
money from the Government for thetrlands
and to the allotment of them in severalty.
Tho reason the tribe asks that its land
shall be preserved entire is that, if the
land shouldbe divided, the religious charac
ter of the nation would be destroyed.
The Klckapoos look to the Great Spirit for
all good gifts. They begin the dny with
prayer and ail their enterprises are first
consecrated to the Great Spirit,
They believe that they should do these
things as a tribe, and that If any division
of their laud is made it will also divide
the tribe and destroy their religious iinity.
Mr. Bentley explained that the Kicknpoos
were today the wildest and most savage
Indians on tliiH continent; that their gov
ernment and religion were in terwoven and
inseparable from their land ten.ires. They
were called Mexican Kickapoo1?, he said, be
cause during the war they annihilated a
body of Confederate cavalry, and, finding
a larger force was coming against them,
they fled across theltlo Grande and .stayed
for years in Mexico, rinally returning to
their old home in the United States.
The Secretary received the Indians very
graciously and assured them that while the
question comes up their wishes -will be
considered and, if possible, respected.
The delegation was presented Saturday
to Rev. Do Witt Trtlmagc, at his residence,
No. 1400 Massachusetts avenue, and had
a long talk with him In the sign language
about the Great Spirit.
It Cramped Her.
A country woman recently -went to
Harrisburg hotel and asked for a room.
JJill Penna Ave.
Adj. mitard's Hotel
Is Treating More Cases of
Chronic, Nervous, Skin
and Btood Diseases
Than Any Gther Physician in This
Vaiiim? Ifon If .vou ar0 SffinB ,from
lOUllg llieil nervoiu debility, stupidncss.
or aro otherwise unfitted for
study or bU3ino35, you should take treatment
roui this noted specialist before it is too late.
Middle-Aged and Old MenffiSkSS
troubled with weak, aching back3 anil kidneys
and other unmistakable -ti ot nervous de
bility. Many tiie or tlilsfcrouble, ignorant of.
the cause. The most obstinate cases or this
nuaracterare treated with unfailing auecess.
Tilts highest fee charged by Dr. Walker U ?
a montli, and includes all medicine.
Dally office hour. 10 to i; Mnuday. l to 12;
.Monday, Wednesday, Tharsdayraiu Saturday
evenings. i to S.
OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONERS OFf
THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Wash-1
Ingtuu, D. V., March U, 1S07. otice
is given that the Commissioners or the
District or Loliiiuula intend to make the
rollowiuK named improvements, which are.
In their judgment, necessary ror the public
health, safetj . aud comfort; assessments
for one-liair of the cost ot the same will
be made a3 provided ror In public act o.
171, approved August 7, 1894:
Parties who are interested in the pro
posed work are notified that the said
Commissioners will give a hearing at the
District building on the 21st day or April,
1807, at 11 o'clock a. m., to any persons
who may desire to object thereto.
Set granite curbing on the east side
or Connecticut avenue, between K and a
streets northwest, to be assessed against
thelotsor square 91 abuttiugonsaid street; -j
estimated cost, ?oG0. ,.
Lav briclc sidewalk and set granite
curbing on both sides or Florence street
northeast, between F and G streets, to
b' assessed against the lots or square lOol
abuttlug on said street; estimated cost,
$I,l-';i.o0. On the east side of Firststreet
northwest, between New York avenue and
N stieet. to be assessed against the Iot
or square 618 abutting on said street;
estimated cost, $000. On the east side
of Kirteeuth street northeast, between
Gales street aud Maryland avenue, to he
assessed against the lots of Uiock 29,
Rosetiale aud Isherwood subdivi.slous.abut
tiug on said street; estimated cost, .00O.
Lay brick sidewalk on the east side of
Fourteenth street, between Kenyon street
and Whitnev avenue, to be assessed a gainst
lot 26, block 37, Columbia Hclght3 sub
division, estimated cost, $212.u:J.
Lav cement sidewalk and set granlta
curbing on the east side of Connecticut
aveuue northwest, between K and L.
streets, to be assessed against the lots of
square IG-i abuttlug on said street: esti
mated cost, SI, 335. On the south side ot
Princeton street northwest, between Thir
teenth and Fourteenth streets, to be as
sessed o gainst the lots or block 32, Conim
bia Heights subdivision, except lots lo
and 16" or said block, estimated cost.
$1,191. On the north side of Hecknian
street southeast, between First and Second
streets, to be assessed against lots 91.
S2. and 137, square 736; estimated cost,
t-.ive Alley with Vitrified or Asphalt
Blocks. -AH alleys In square 21 4 not paved
with Improved material, to be assessed
against all lots In said square abutting
upon said alleys; estimated cost, S2,22.
AH alleys in square 1266, to be assessed
against the loUs abutting on said alleys;
estimated cost, $912. All alleys in north
hair or square 736. to be assessed against
the lots abutting on said alleys; estimated
cost, $2,200. All alleys in square 937,
to be assessed against the lots abutting
on said alleys; estimated cost, SI .800. AH
alleys in square 173. to be assessed against
lots abutting on said alleys; estimated cost,
3,434. All allevs in square 690, to be
assessed against the lots abutting on said
alleys; estimated cost, $5,b76. All alleys
In square 1244, to be assessed against the
lots abutting on said alleys; estimated
cost, $712. All alleys in square 1012, to
be assessed against the lots abutting on
said alleys: estimated cost, $s00. All
unpaved alleys in square 493, to be
as.sessed against lots , 3. 4, 11, 12, and
13, square 493: estimated rrt, 450.
JOHN" W. ROSS,
W. M- BLACK,
Commissioners Districtof Columbia.
HEADQUARTERS CITIZENS' CUBAN
COMMITTEE, 910 Pa. ave. nw.. Wash
ington, D. C, April , 197 All persona
are hereby notified not to pay any con
tributions for the CUBAiN" HOSPITAL
FUND to any collector or persons not pre
senting papers ot authorization by the
Cuban committee and signed by J. W.
LAKE, chairman of committee: Miss
ELLEX C. RHODES, financial secretary.
P. S. Contributions can also be sent to
Messrs. Metzerott and Luckett, treasurers,
Columbia Theater. ap4-4t
A MEETING of the stockholders of the
Washington Safe Deposit Company -will
be held on Friday, April 23. 1897, for
tue purpose or electing nine directors.
The polls will be open at 1 2 m. and close
at 1 o'clock p. m. SAM CROSS. Secre
tary and treasurer. mh2S-26tm
HAYING diisoTved partnership" with tho'
Swiss Steam Laundry the Capital Steam
Laundry has resumed operations at its old
place of business, 512 ath st. nw., and
respect fully solicit the return of the
patronaue of its old Trlends and custom
ers; lace curtains, blankets, and bundle
work a specialty. MRS. M. A. WEAVER.
RALSTON & SID DONS have moved their
law otficcs to Rooms lb" to 190, in
clusive, Washington Loan and Trust Build
ing, 9th nnd F sts. nw. ,nh3I-7t.
Beginning April 1 extra cars will be run on
U AND KIGTITKENTH STREETS,
Between Seventh Street and Columbia
Road, throughout the entire day.
CAPITAL TRACTION COMPANY.
HERRON On April 4, 1897, at 1 o'clock
a. in.. REV. L. D. HERRON.
Funeral rronx Douglas M. B. Church, at
1:30 p. m., April 5. Interment at Balti
more, April 5.
Baltimore papers please copy. It
SMITH -On Thursday, April 1, 1897,
Friends who desire to view the remains
will call at 811 Ninth street northwest,
belore Tuesday, April 6, 1897. It
In loving remembrance of my dear hus
band, William II . Maxwell, who died ona
year ago today, April o, 1S91.
r miss thee from my side, dear husband, .
I miss thee rrom thy place;
A shadow o'er my lire is case
I miss the sunshine of thy dear face.
I miss thj kind and willing hands.
Thy fond and earnest care;
My home on earth is dark and lonely with
I miss thee, dear husband, Oh,Imissthea
I will come to your grave where your sptrit
Beneath the green sod you are laid with
Where the one that I loved is turning to
In Arlington's cold dews you are passing
BY HIS SAD AND LOVING WIFE.
jr. "vvHjXiA-ar lee.
332 Pa. Ave. N.W.
FlrKtHjlaKK service 'Phone. 1383.
After asslguing her a room theclerkhanded
the key to the "Front" nnd ordered him to
show the lady to room 12. The boy ushered
her into the elevator and was Just abontto
close the door when she exclaimed in a
voice loud enough to be heard throughout
the entire office: "Oh, this room i3 too
small; can 't you give mo a larger one?"
Mornlni; and Sunday Times, 35 cents