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The Circulation of THE TIMES Testar&y
For the Distilct and Maryland, showers
In the morning rolloived by fair; warmer;
WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY MORNItfG, AP1TIL T, 1897--EIGHT PAG-E3.
DEM0GRAT1G TIDAL WAVE
Chicago Goes Overwhelmingly for
the Silver Candidate.
MAYOR CARTER H. HARRISON
HI Plurality Over Sears About
85,000-Other City Offices, "With
H Possible Exception, Carried by
Democrats. Joyful Demonstra
tions Over the Victory.
Chicago April 6. "With the magic or
3bis famous father's name, aided by. this
independent split In the regular republican
ranks, and the Hocking of the discon
tented lalKuing class to the standnid or
silver Dcmociacy, Caitcr Henry Harrison
was elected major of Chicago today, and
a great democratic triumph was. recorded.
The 36,000 plurality of McKiuley over
Bryan wiu, turnedinto a Democratic plural
Ity of about 85,000 over Judge Nathaniel C.
Scars, t He machine Republican candidate for
mayor. The almost complete mayoralty
returns show that Harrison polled a
pluiality of about 75,000 over the next
best man. Alderman John M. Uarlan, a
Republican who ran on the citizens' ticket
The figures also indicate that the next
mayor polled a small majority over all
t he three other principal candidates Sea rs,
Harlan, and 'Washington lleslng, the ex
postmaster and German editor, whoso
ticket was called "Busiuess Administration
or Municipal Affairs." He is a goid Demo
crat, but his boasted strength among the
independent men or both parties dwindled
to about 16,000 total vote.
Harrison's total vote is about 1-10,000,
less than 5,000 under the vote polled by
William X Brjan.
The Republican total vote is about 07,
000, while McKinley polled 200,747 votes
The rest of the city ticket, attorney,
treasurer, and clerk, all the town tickets
and a large majority of the common council
liave gone Democratic oa the tidal wave,
with the possible exception of the Hyde
Park town tioket Harrison, or Harlan, car
ried every ward in the city, and the Re
publican machine was repudiated every
where. There is really nothing left for the Re
publican party to console itself with ex
cept a few aldermen, whose records were
good, and who happened to live in wards
that are usually Republican. The argument
of the Republicans that if llesiug and Har
lan, the two independents, had withdrawn
Judge Sears would bavc won does not hold
good, when it Is shown that Harrison has
a clear majoilty over all throe. The other
city tickets in the field cut no figure atoll.
There was a Joyful demonstration of
Democrats on the streets whenthe victory
became assured, and thousands gathered
in front of newspaper offices to cheer
as the news was displayed. There were
impromptu parades, fireworks, and much
cannonading of the atmosphere.
Carter Havrison said of the result: "It has
tocen a victory of the united and not a
divided Democracy. Gold, as well as
silver, men cast their ballots for me and
registered a protest -against Republican
misrule The workingmen are with me."
The late returns indicate that the Demo
crats will have thirty-nine aldermen out
or the Democrat candidates are probably
elected out or thirty-four, aud with the
eleven Democratic hold-over aldermen,
will give that party a majority in the legis
ST. LOUIS GOES REPUBLICAN.
Results No Indication of Compara
tive Strength of Two Pnrtles.
St. Louis, Mo., April 6. After a cam
paign or three weeks, during which every
trick known to municipal politics was
worked, the city election took place here
today with little excitement The entire
Republican ticket, headed by Ziegenheln
for mayor, was elected by majorities iang
ing from 5,000 to 18,000, in a total vote
or about 80,000.
The municipal assembly will be about
evenly divided. Opposed to Ziegenheln
for mayor were Harrison, Tegular Demo
crat; and Meriwether, bolting Democrat
The campaign was purely personal aud
fettles nothing as to the strength of the
two parties in St. Louis-
DEMOCRATS WIN AT MADISON.
Independent and Non-Parti sun Can
didates Chosen In Other Cities.
Milwaukee, "Wis., April C Judge John
E. Mann, non-partisan, was re-elected here
today as county Judge, and George .
Sutherland, non-partisan, as Judge of the
superior court. Nine candidates were in
The city of Madison went Democratic
by 50 majorityiu today's municipal election.
The result is a victory for the liberal ele
ment which has been righting the present
.Republican administration for itb enforce
ment of midnight and Sunday closing ordi
nances. McCord, Rep., was elected Mayor of
Lacrosse, aud the Democrats were vic
torious at Oshkosb.
At West Superior, Starkweather, Jnd.,
-Republicans Met With General Suc
cess in the State.
St. Taul, Minn., April 0. Municipal elec
tions were held today thioughout Minne
sota, and from returns received here up to
a late hour tonight the Republican party
met with general success, especially on the
heads of tickets.
At Mankato, however, A. R. Pfau, Dem
ocrat, was elected mayor over L. A, Linder,
Republican. At Trey the reform ticket was
elected and license carried.
New TJlm elected a citizen's and non
partisan ticket, while Fergus Falls went
for the Independent candidate. Hastings,
Crookston, Anoka, and other larger towns,
however, returned straight Republican
GOLD DEMOCRATS BEATEN.
Municipal Offices Divided Between
Hepubllcnus and Democrats.
Bridgeport, Conn., April 6. In the mu
nicipal election heic yesterday the offices
were -livldcd between the Republicans and
the silver Democrats. The gold men had
o ticket in the Held, but D. C. Mills, their
candidate for mayor, only polled 383 votes,
No.l Ceillns.Headed.si.SG per lOO ft.
Llbbey & Co.,Ctu Bt. andNew Torkave. tt
and their fight for town clerk only split
the Republican sticngthand enabled Rob
ert Webster, the silver candidate, to walk
into the position.
Thomas l. Taylor, the Republican candi
date for mayor, was elected over Frank
"W. Beers, silver Democrat, by a majority
of 1,167; Fied K. C. Mulllns, silver Demo
.crat, defeated Edwin W. Challenger, Re
publican, for city clerk, by 312. John S.
Griffith, Republican, defeated Fred W.
Hall, silver Democrat, by 162 for clty
tteas'ircr: James H. McElroy, Republican,
defeated S. N. Lockwood, silverDemocrat,
for tax collector, by 1,724. The Republi
cans secured a majority- of the selectmen
andsheriffs. Thecommon council and hoard
of education are evenly divided between
the two dominant parties.
LOCAL DEMOCRATS HEJOICE.
Pleasure of the Leaders at Harri
Early last evening the rim news of the
overwhelming victory of the regular Dem
ocratic ticket In Chicago reached "Wash
ington. At first it was reported that
Harrison's plurality was as high as 2i,uini.
Tint gradually rose lo thirty and then
forty, and sixty, aud finally leaped to
nearly eighty thousand. The plurality
for the silver candidate is larger than the
McKinley plurality over Bryan last fall.
The regular Republican candidate came
in a poor third, and Mr. "Washington Hes
ing's race, idl by himself, brought him in
a poor fourth. The younger Harri-oii
has been elected by a far greater plurality
than any ever received by his distinguished
father, and the largest ever given to any
candidate for mayor in the second city.
Following as this victory does Immedi
ately on the heels or Monday's great suc
cesses in other cities, lias had the result
of greatly reviving the confidence and
spirits or the Democrats or "Washington.
The -news which has been coming this
week is the first at all cheering in its
character which has been received by
Democrats at the capital since the election
of 1802. For everything since that time
has seemed to go against them. Repub
licans interviewed by The Times last night
seemed to set in the Chicago victory only
a great rebuke for the machine, as they
call the regular Republican organization
The Chicago election was the main topic
or discussion on the streets last night
and attracted more attention than any
other outside occurrence that has trans
pired since the Fitzsimmons-Corbett fight
"William Jennings Bryan, who Js at the
Metropolitan Hotel, wab early Informed by
special dispatches received by mends rrom
Chicago of the great overturning, and madu
no effort to disguise his pleasure at the
success of the Democratic ticket. "I am
much pleased at the outcome in Chicago,"
he said. "The success of Mr. Harrison
thcie, following-as it decs upon the vlc
toiies scored yesterday in dllfrrciit parts
of the country,"will be most gratifying to
members of the party andf rieuds of the
Benton McMillin, of Tennessee, said last
night: "I am delighted with the success
of Carter Harrison, jr. These gtcat vic
tories in the large cities of the country are
only part of the great tidal wave that Is
Gathering allalongthcline.and which will
surely sweep the Republican party out of
power and into obscurity."
Attention will now turn to the fail
elections. The three most important are
the Suite election In Ohio, the municipal
election In Greater New York, and the
State election In Iowa. New York Demo
crats say that the Chicago victory Is
peculiarly significant In that It deter
mines the Tact that Tammany will continue
loyal to the silver Democracy, and tiiat
Demociatic success in New York city this
Tall will be success for that ing or the
party. The New Yoik Sun of yesterday
motning practically conceded this result
and admitted In advance Hint the success
of Harrison in Chicago would mean that
Tammany would continue its loyalty to
silver, and that all negotiations which
have been proceeding looking to the
nomination or some gold Democrator com
promise candidate ror mayor of Greater
New York would be promptly abandoned.
REVOLUTION IN URUGUAY'.
Government Orders 6,000 Gunrds
to Gather at the Cnpltnl.
London, April G. A special to the Times
from Montevideo, states that the revolu
tionary movement in Uruguay remains
The government has issued a decree
ordering the immediate mobilization or the
G.000 guards ot the capital.
Confederate Memorial Day.
New Orleans, April 6. Confederate
Memorial Bay, which is also a legal holi
day, was celebrated today with the usual
ceremonies. The military parade formed
at 2 o'clock, and on arriving at Canal
street, the various organizations were con
veyed on special trains to the cemeteries.
Arriving there, the line was re-formed and
the troops marched in order to the tombs
of the Army of Northern Virginia, Con
tinental Guards, "Washington Artillery,
Army or Tennessee, Soldiers' Home, and
Confederate monument, A salute was
fired before each tomb.
Threatened to Shoot n Vice Consul.
Tangier, April 6. Sonic time ago the
American vice consul at .El-Arnish be
came involved In an altercation with a
Moorish soldier, who threatened to shoot
the vice consul. The latter made a formal
complaint to the consul here, who, in re
turn, laid the matter berore the Department
of State. The consul has now leceived
instructions to demand reparation fiom
the Sultan, and a letter to that effect
lias been forwarded to Fez, the capital.
lodoc Indians Starving:.
Redding, Cal., Aptil 6. Word comes
from Modoc eounty that the remnant of
Captalh Jack's tribe or Modoc Indians, now
liviagln thntcounty, in the neighborhood or
the scenes or Captain Jack's ti eachcry, and
Gen. Canby's death, in 1S72, are in a
pitiable condition, verging on actual
starvation. In all there are about 100
o the tribe left.
Alleged Trnin Wrecker Arretted.
Omnha, Neb , April 0 The Union Pa
cific Ttailway has caused the arrest in
thcWest of Uiesecondman.ThomasBobbs,
on suspicion of being Implicated in the
Uintah train robbery, and he, with James
True, Ihe first man arrested, will betaken
to Ogden. Both arc discharged switch
men. Carriageniakera Assign.
New York, April . James B. Brewster
& Co., reorganized (corporation) manufac
turers ot carriages, made an assignment
today to Sherman Evarts. The present
company was incorporated on March 12,
1896, with a capital of $60,000. The
liabilities will .not exceed $25,000, and
the company expects to pay in full.
Blinds, J?l: small Sizes. 75e a Pair.
Llbbcy & Co., 6th st. tuidXew York ave. tt
Dm OF FESTIVITIES
Greeks Celebrate the Anniver
sary of Their Independence.
WILD CHEERS FOR THE KING
While Enthusinsm Han TJIgh, There.
Were No Outbreaks The Car
riage of the Crown Princess
t-. Overturned, but No One Injured.
Crowds Around the Palace.
Athens, April 6. Great enthusiasm was
manifested here today during the fetes
organized to celebrate the anniversary of
the declaration in 1821 of the independ
ence of Gieeci; fiom Turkish rule. The
king and the members of the royal family,
accompanied by the ministers and all the
court and other olfiduls of Athens, at
tended religions ceremonies at tiie cathe
dral, where a solemn Te Ileum was sung.
The king received a great ovation during
his parage to aud rrom the cathedral, and
lie and the niinisteis were showered with
leaflets Inscribed "Hurrah for War."
Ihe day was lacking in the usual impos
ing military display on accountof the lurge
number uitroopssent to thefrontbjr. There
was a salute of twenty-one guns In the
Thioughout the day crowds of people
paiadcd the stieet1-, cheering for the king
and for war with Turkey.
A feature of the decorations in honor or
the day. was the entlie absence of nil for
eign f'figs, except those which were fly
ing from the various legations. The Greek
colors, however, were most plentifully used,
Bcaioeiy a house In the city not displaying
the national flag.
Wlnle the royal procession was en route
to the cathedral ttie cheers or the wildly
enthusiastic crowds rrightencd the horses
attached to the carriage of Crown Princess
Sophia, who lins returned from Larissa,
whither she proceeded with the crown
prince when he went to assume command,
ot the Greek troops In Thessaly.
The horses bolted aud the carriage was
overturned. Theinddentcmited the most
intense excitement, forit was feared that
Princess Sophia would he killed. A bun
dled persons rushed forward and righted
the carriage, when, much to the relief of
everybody, it was found that the Crown
Princess had escaped unhurt. She entered
the carriage of King Gcorgi-nnd continued
on her way to the cathedral.
Pimress Sophia is sister of Emperor Wil
liam, and it has been nsseited and denied
that her changing from the evangelical
faith of her family to the Greek ralth of
Her husband had much to do witli the hos
tile attitude of Emperor William towaid
A great "meeting was held here this
afternoon nt which a resolution was
adopted protesting against the action of
the powers In their efforts to crush the
rightful aspiiations of the Hellenic peo
ples, and indorsing the government for
the firm .stand it had taken and main
tained in defense of Greek rights.
The meeting appointed a deputation to
convey the lesolution to the king. Several
thousand persons accompanied the deputa
tion to the place. The crowd invaded the
vestibule of the palace, and the troops on
duty there had great difficulty in prevent
ing them from entering further.
Large crowds continued in the square In
front of the palace throughout the day.
They repeatedly called for the king, but
his majesty did notappear. Passing alarm
was caused ttiis afternoon by the discharge
of pistols among the crowds. It was at
first thought that an outbreak was about
to occur. The troops were immediately
reinforced and further and more stringent
precautions were taken to prevent dis
orders. It was subsequently learned that the
alarm was caused by enthusiastic spirit,-.
Nothing more serious occurred during the
day than a few scuffles, which were easily
stopped by the police.
THE SITUATION IMPROVED.
Independence Day Passed Without
the Outbreak Anticipated.
London, April 6. Although there have
been no important changes in the attitude
or Greece or Turkey or the powers gen
erally, the impression prevails through
out Europe that the situation has distinctly
improved during the past twenty-rour
hours. The Greek independence day,
which, It was feared, the national society
would celebrate with hostilities on the
frontier, of Thessaly, which would have
precipitated a war with Turkey, has
passed almost uneventfully.
The populace at Athens and other points
in Greece, according to dispatches re
ceived here, indulged in warlike demon
strations, but that has become a daily
It is now generally believed, even in St.
Petersburg, that Greece is by no( means
determined upon war. Tills acco'unts in
part for the less severe attitude that the
powers have at the last moment assumed
toward King George.
There is no longer any doubt that France
is supporting Lord Salisbury, the British
prime minister, in favor of a milder policy,
and .Russia, therefore, is unable to insist
upon severe measures against Greece. It
is too early yet to say whether the powers
will now compel the Immediate with
drawal of the Turkish troops from Crete
in order to conciliate Greek public opinion,
but some such move seems more possible
now than at any earlier stage of the
The situation on the fionticr, of course,
continues critical, but it is felt that the
greater danger has been avoided by today's
escape from an outbreak.
Plending Again With Greece.
Constantinople, April 6. Itis stated here
that the British minister at Athens has
been Instructed to make pacific overtures"
with tho view of enabling Greece to ex
tricate herself fiom the present dilemma.
It Is further stated that if these overtures
nie rejected the Piraeus will be blockaded
by the fleets ot the foreign powers.
An Admiral Resigns.
Canea, April 6. Admiral Canevaro, who,
by reason of henbrity, was selected as
the commander of the combined "fleets of
the powers, applied a few days ago to
the Italian naval authorities to be relieved
of "his command. The reply to his request
Was received today. It says that another
commander will be appointed in his stead
if a blockade of Greece shall be declared.
Orders of Edhem Pacha.
Elassona, Macedonia, April G. Edhem
Pacha, the Tuikish commander-in-chief, Is
sued last nlghtorders similar to those which
the Crown Prince Constautine, the Greek
commander-in-chief, Iss.ucdyefitcrday to the
letter's tioops. Edhem Pacha holds the
commanders or the Turkish frontier sta
tions responsible for any untoward Inci
dent. But, at tho same time, lnrge bodies
of Turkish troops ar6 now moving toward
the frontier, together with three mountain
batteries, and the ridges of Molina and
Skumlia have been strongly occupied by
Turkish troops, who will remain on guard
there until Wednesday morning.
AUTONOMY NOT FAVORED.
Cretans to a Man Refuse to Ap
prove the Scheme.
London, April 6.-TJie Dally Telegraph
has advices from Altkianu, where is situ
ated the headquarters of Col. Vassos, stat
ing that the Greek- conununder has re
ceived written and signed replies to the
autonomy proclamation of the admirals
from every piovinqe and district of the
The signatures of the heads' of families
number nearly 40,000 and represent the
entire Christian population. Not a single
signer approveofthe scheme Of the powers
to grant autonomy to the island.
RIFLES OF TIIE BASni BAZOUKS
The Mussulmans Had Been Given
London, April O.-fThe Dally News will
tomonow publish a 'dispatch from Canea
stating that the inquiry into the arming
of the Moslem refugees, which led to the
encouuter with the insurgents on the penin
sula of Akrotirl Saturday, has elicited the
factthnt 581 rifles weresei ved out to the
Bashl Uazouks. Or this number 340 have
been recovered. The disarming of the
Bashi Bnzouks continue- One hundred and
twenty-six: rifles that weie brought from
Kaitdamos are missing.
Tho insurgents at Akrotirl have sent to
the admirals a protest against their not
having fired upon the Uaslii Uazouks Satur
day. They compare the treatment accorded
to the Moslems with that accorded to them
selves by the admirals.
Impressive Ceremonies on the An
niversary of Independence.
New York, April 0.-Every patriotic
Greek in New York today i celebrating
a two-rold festival. . Besides being the
feast of the immaculate Conception, today
is the anniversary ofGicek declaration of
Independence nt the beginning or tho re
bellion against the rule of. the Turks, in
1821. Services were held hi the Greek
church, on West Fifty-third strcet,1n honor
of the occasion. Holy communion was
then administered to each, of the congre
gation. Then followed addresses.
The American flng hung beside the a reek
banner, both within and outside the church.
This celebration in. Flit y-third street is
being repeated lua thousand cities and
villages of Greece, aud the, government is
fearful that today'3 .celebration may Je
suit in outbreaks that will precipitate the
war' with Turkey. "
Local Greeks Gelebruted.
The Gicek colony in this city yesterday
celebrated their Independence dny by ah
stalning fiom work, exchanging visits and
talking over the war In Crete.
A NEW MAN' IX KENTUCKY.
A Gold Democrat Whom the Silver
Forces Turned Down.
Frankfort, Ky., April C.-The feature of
today's joint session was the nomination
or State Senntor llciiry L. Martin, gold
Democrat, or Woodford county, for United
The nomlnatldn was made by Senator
EIHston, who said the solution ot the
deadlock was in the hands or the Demo
crats. Mr. EIHston past his vote for Martin
aud appealed to thgs'ilver Democrats to do
likewise, but they immediately stopped
The gold Democrats voted for Martin,
and the bolting Republicans followed the
exuinplu of the silver Democrats and re
fused to answer to their names.
Senator Elmore, silver Democrat, voted
for Blackburn and the Republicans would
not allow him to withdraw his vote to pre
vent a quorum. A reoapitaulation or the
vote was called for, and the BInckburn
Democrats and the bolting Republicans be
gan voting again. Repiesentntive John
son was the only silver Democrat to vote
for Martin. The vote stood: Hunter, 59;
Blackburn, 12;Martjn, 11; Boyle, G; Stone,
1; neccGSsnry to a choice, 03.
Hunter had his 50 votes when the first
roll call ended and 70 votes, which consti
tuted a quorum, hitdbeen cast. Had there
been no call of absentees and if the silver
Democrats and bolting Republicans had
refused to -vote on recapitulation, Hunter
would have been declared elected. The
joint session adjourned as soon as the re
sult was announced.
Blackburn Democrat Elected.
Louisville, Ky., April 6.-Tonight's re
turns from the Thirty-fourth Senatorial
district confirms flic report of the election
or Milt, nager, Blackburn silver Demo
crat as senator.
Request for Beargumenr.
New York", April 6. Ex-Judge John F.
Dillon says that in a few days ho will
file with the United Suites Supreme Court
an application for a reargument in the
Trans-Missouri Freight Association case,
recently decided against the railroads.
Spain Does Not Want Peace.
Madrid, April 6. lils'.semi-oifieially de
nied here that the Spanish authorities have
er-.tered into negotiations for the submis
sion or the Cuban insuig'ents. The govern
ment had ordered a Vigorous campaign to
be pushed until the rebellion Is crushed.
Railroad Searing Concluded.
Savannah, Ga., April 6. -The Interstate
Commerce Commission concluded the hear
ing or evidence toddy inthe complaint of
the Savannah Freight Bureau against the
Louisville and Nashville Railroad. "Writ
ten arguments will be submitted by the
Steamer Grantor Wrecked,
London, April 6. The British steamer
Grantor, Capt. Burpsidc, rrom Penarth,
has been wrecked ott Boa Vista, Portugal.
Three or theshjp company were drowned,
.DeatHir of the Dny.
Hon. Edwrtl Barney, a noted lawyer, at
New Bedford Mass.
Oringto'n Hunt, a pioneer ot Cook county,
111., at Chicago. '
Empire Carpet Cleaning Co.,
631 Mass. ave.; right kind of work; mat
tresses remade; storage, rireproor. It
Best Nails, per Keg, TOO lbs., .51.00.
Lihbes & Co.. 8th st. ahdNcW-Yorfeave. t
"Your Mother's Apron Strings," by
Chaplain Lozier-, at McKcndrce Church
THE- FLOOD'S EI
A Graphic Description By Eyewit
nesses of the Damage Done.
THOUSANDS MADE HOMELESS
The Great Majority of the Suffer
ers Poor Planters Who Dave
Bad Not Only Their Somes but
Everything that Belongs to
Them Swept Away.
It la a story of sorrow and suffer
ing that Mr. R. C. Graves and Mr. J. S.
Menken, representing the citizens' relief
conimittL'c or Memphis', Tenn., Have come
to Washington to tell the. President, and
Congress, and the world. There are thou
sands ofothers who cai tell the same story,
but Mr. Graves and Mr. Menken are pecu
liarly able to give the facts. They have
been on the scone duriugall this great flood,
and they have been actively engaged in a
relief work which lias shown them every
side of the, surrering that bus been en
gendered. Air. Menken has lived forty years In
Memphis, ami has never seen so great dis
tress berore. He is one of the leading busi
ness men of that city.
Mr. Graves Is a member of the relief com
mittee, and the president of the Merchants'
Exchange oT Memphis. Mr. Gravrj 1 as
personally observed much or the surrer
ing up and down the Mississippi, in addi
tion to the terrible condition of the refu
gees, that fan be seen daily in' Memphis
Itself. He has chartered steamboats ni.d
made trips along the shores of the in
undated districts, "Rescuing the refugees
and buying up their cattle, and In ottur
ways has been actively In the service.
These gentlemen came to Washington on
Monday nnd on that day had two inter
views withPresidentMcKinley. They were
both most satisfactory to them. The
President showed Intense interest in their
story and was Immediately anxious to do
everything in his power to aid the cause
that th'y had come to represent.
The President advised them to see the
Secretary cf War yesterday and had an
appointment made for them at 4 o'clock
yesterday afternoon. He al--o promised
them that he would address a message to
t'ongress reciting the terrible condition ot
things that prevails and asking for aid
fiom that body These gentlemen, repie
scntlng the citizens' committee, asked for
a large appropriation to be used in the
relief work. The amount that thoy would
have rifpiested was .200,000. Mr. Car
n.uck, who represents the Memphis dis
trict in the House, went with them to
the presidentand Joined in their appeal.
When Mr. Menken and Mr. Graves made
their hrst appeal to President .McKinley
he asked them to draw up a statement
giving a description or the conditions that
exist in the riooded districts. This they
did, and submitted to the President. It is
"From Marion, Ark., north to Memphis,
to Greenville, Miss., there are now at least
rifty towns and villages under water, and
a territory extending rrom 100 miles north
ot Memphis to 200 miles south, and 5 to 40
miles wide, Is submerged and devastated
by the Hood. Hundreds of thousands of
acies ot cultivated soil with growing crops
are included in this submerged territory,
and there are rrom 50,000 to 00,000 people
whose property has been destroyed, and
Whose business has been suspended there
by. The amount of damage to property Is
incalculable. In addition to the growing
crops which have been destroy oil, thou
Kindsof hcador working stock andofcattus
have hi en drowned and starved.
"The great majority or tho sufferers are
small farmers, mostly negroes, who, with
the present crop destroyed and their work
ing stock nnd farming tools swept away,
are lert utterly destitute and unprepared
to begin work" again, even after the floods
have subsided. The extent or the surrer
ing has grown beyond the capacity or the
local authorities and or the private local
charities to relieve. The citizens' relict
committee of Memphis are now caring for
from 6,000 to 7,000 refugees from the
flooded district, and they are still ar
riving by boat loads every day. In addi
tion to this, large supplies of provisions
are being sent to various points In Arkan
sas and Mississippi, where it Is possible
for the refugees to lie cared for on higher
ground and in relief barges. The utmost
that can be done by these efforts is to
measurably and temporarily relieve the
"The committee have found itvery diffi
cult and very costly to reach a great poi
tion of the sufferers living in the Interior,
who can only be reached by skiffs operat
ing with light-draft steamers that can
leave the main river. Memphis being the
only point on high ground for about 200
miles north and south, it necessarily hns
become the place of refuge for all seeking
to escape the flood in that territory.
"This flood is the greatest and most
destructive that has ever devastated the
Mississippi valley, the water being two
nnd one-half feet higher than the highest
stage it has ever reached before.
"The relief committee are thoroughly
organized for the purpose ot distributing
supplies to the people of the tributary
territory and are willing to do everytlng
in their power to that end, hut they have
now almost reached the end of their re
sources and reluctantly confess their Ina
bility to cope with the situation without
obtaining relief from the Government."
A reporter for The Time," called on Mr.
Menken at the Shoreham last night. He
talked most interestingly about the ter
rible condition of things which prevailed.
"If Senator Bate's resolution passes,
and this nearly half a million dollars is
made available, Mr. Graves and myself
and the relief committee will be more than
satisfied. We had not hoped for so much
money. The committee will in thit way
be relieved of the responsibility of taking
Die entire charge of the distribution of
the money itself, and can actively co
operate with the surgeon general in any
way that he may see fit
"The Memphis district takes In 100
miles ot the Mississippi, north of Memphis,
and 200 miles south of the city along
the river. Memphis itself is on the only
high ground in the section, and In a way
represents all this territory, not only be
cause ot this,. but because the refugees
from the whole territory flee to it. There
are now in the city from 6,000 to 7,000
destitute, homeless people, and more are
arrivtng every day. We have established"!
with the tents and other camp appliances
sent to us by the Government already, a
regular military camp back of the city, in
12-inch Stock Bonrds. $1 per 100 Ft.
Llbbcy & Co., 6th st. and New York ave.
which there are now over 1,000 women
and children being supported by us- The
men of their families have beea sear down
the river to work on the levees.
"After all the stories of the actual present
loss of life and damage to property, and
destitution and privation have been told,
there will remain the worst story of all,
that of what must necessarily follow the
greatest flood In the history of the Tivcr.
The river is now five to forty miles wide
for hundreds of miles of its length. Thou
sands and thousands of homes have been
r wiped out of existence. Whole towns
have been destroyed and abandoned. After
the river subsides nnd when no more life
wilt be lost in the flood itseir, there will
be this great host of homelcs people with
the future starlug them in the fnce.
are negroes and small planters. These
small farmers have hud for their sole pos
sessions a mule or two, a few hogs and a
few Chlckers each. With thee they have
managed to raise theirsmall crops on thHr
small farms and to live on from year to
year, but without, ot couise, laying by
any money. Whatever surplus they have
had from their crops each year they have
put into more mules and more hogs. Now
the whole means or existence totnousnnds
or them has been wiped out completely.
They have even lost all their rnrm toots.
More than that, it has been the possesion
of this small wealth that has enabled the.
colored farmers to borrow each year, while
they were raising the crops, provisions
and seed nnd other matters from the com
mission merchants. Not only have they
lost everything, but they have lest the
power to borrow.
"Almost every one of these families had
rrom rive to seven or eight children. As a
class these peoplo arc law-abiding, eco
nomical and industrious.
"It seems to me, and I have talked to
others who acutely realized all this suf
fering, too, that in some way the country
ought to provide these people, not only
with the money to keep them rrom starv
ing now, but with the little hundred or so
dollars each that would start them out
again whpn the flood has subsidPd."
PUMPS KEEP THE CITY' DRY.
Dust in the Streets of. Water
Helena, Ark , April G.-The river de
clined eight inches last night, making two
feet from the highest mark readied this
year, but still a foot and a half above the
highest flood mark of previous years. The
danger is not over, but the situation is
improving. The number of refugees Is
increasing every hour, as families from
points remote rrom the river are arriving.
Several expeditions were sent out of
here today to rescue negroes onback planta
tions who are cooped up in ginhousesand
barns. The rescue steamers Titian, Itasco
and Vidnlia and barges are patrolling the
river front for thirty miles, giving out
tents, providing skiffs and, in some in
stances, feeding farmers.
The breaks on Williamson's front and at
Bubbard's plantations are increasing in
width, the former now being 800 feet
wide and the latter 1,000.
The overflow on Oldtown IUdge is deeper
by two feet than ever known before. En
gineers calculate the crevasse in the Ar
kansas levees from Helena to Laconia,
thlrtceninnumber.are carrying oif a third
as much water as Is conveyed in thechannel
ot the river. The city of Helena is protected
by cross-levees Drainage and sewage
water is being pumped out by powerful
hydraulic pumps, running day and night.
Thereisduston the streets, therefore, while
a wall or water to an average heightof fif
teen feet surrounds Helena.
The city Is taking care today of 1,500
homeless negroes, camped in tents on the
hill sides. Railroad trains oa all sides stop
out or the city three miles, malls, express,
and passengers being transferred by boat,
one road only, the Arkansas Midland, being
able to reach the city.
The weather is excellent, which is in
favor of the refugees, many or whom are
scantily clad. Their troubles are many,
however, as buffalo gnats and inosqultos
are appearing in numbers.
No more breaks are expected or feared.
More would not increase the horror of the
situation, If they did occur, as the whole
country south of Helena is wholly under
Water, as two nic bcvuuu ujtJUiiv ii ,
Mississippi, where every town and vd- 1
lage for fifteen miles back are under water.
CALLED TO RESCUE LEVEES.
Men and Boys of Natchez Entreated
to Quit Other Work.
St. Louis, April 6. Special telegrams to
the Scripps-McRae Press Association state
that the river is falling at Helena, Ark.,
and at Greenville, Miss. The levee com
mission ot Natchez, Miss., has issued a
warning of the worst overflow in the his
tory of this, country and entreating every
man and boy to suspend. alljiusiness and
begin wort on the levees. Theriver con
tinues to rise at that point.
At St. Joseph, Mo., great anxiety pre
vails oa account of the flood outlook in
the Misoini River. The river is several
feet higher than ever known and the indi
cations favor an increase ot two feet
At Keokuk, Iowa, the river is stationary,
but it is e.pectcd to rise again when the
flood from St. Taul reaches there.
SUFFERING AMONG THE POOR.
The Flood in Dakota Follows a
Fargo, S. D., April C Thesituation here
Is appalling. While the Red River rose
only three inches last night, the Big Coulee,
west ot the city, took a second spurt nnd
went up fourteen inches, flooding the en
tire Avest side of the town and driving
hundreds of people from their homes.
Northern Paciric people were afraid to
use theirbildgc today and passenger trains
were brought from Moorhead over the
Great Northern bridge. There is much suf
fering among poor families who have been
destitute all winter. It snowed this morn
ing for four hours.
Waters Deflected at New Orleaus.
New Orleans, La., April 6-ThC river In
front of this placo is at a stand, and the
outlook locally is very encouraging. A
tremenduous volume of water is being de
flected down the Atchafaiaya and this or
course relieves the strain on the Mississippi
south or Bed River landing.
Italian Parliament's New President.
Rome, April 0. After the reading jes
tcrday of the speech from the thr.mc,
opening the session of the new Parlia
ment, the Chamber or Deputies adjourned
until today. This morning, when the
house re-met, It at once proceeded o the
election of a new president. .Signor Giu
seppe Znnnrdelll was chosen for the io
3itlon. Be has long been prominent in
Mantels. Any Size, Sl.OU Apfeee.
Llbbcy & Co., Gth st and New York ave. tf
Ivy Institute Business College, Sth andK.
Ncne better $25 a year, day or night.
THE OPENING M FIB
William J. Bryan Addressed the
Old Dominion Democrats.
HE ARRAIGNED TIIE VICTORS
The Lender of the Democracy
Aroused the Old-Time Enthust
asitu of the Alexandrians Mr.
McMillin and Chairman Jones
Spoke Reception and. Banquet. ,
A very sonorous and Inspiring Wast of
the silver trumpet was heard last night
over on the Virginia shore in the historic
city of Alexandria. Themagnetlcchlertaln
of the Democratic party was there to stir
the hosts with his elcqnunce and presence;
the chairman of the National Democratic
Committee was there and declared the
occasion to be the opening of the cam
paign, and the fiery McMillin was there and
was cheered to the echo aa he entered
the place of meeting. The enthusiasm of
the Old Dominion followers of Bryan in
the last campaign was In no degree less
warm or demonstrative than in ihe heated
canvass of the year just gone. Mr. Bryan,
it will be noted, came very near the Cap
ital of the Nation to throw down the
gauge of battle again and to point out the
shortcomings or the party that triumphed
over him for causes that were amply set
forth in the speeches ot last evening. Mr
Bryan spoke to an audience in the Opera
House of nearly 2,000 people and received
in the neighborhood of 3,000, many of
whom, although on short notice, camefrom
the interior to shake him by the hand.
Nothing in the history of the campaign
could exceed the warmth, the generosity,
the Impulsiveness of the free silver Alex
andrians In their ovation to the leader of
The hospitable and conservative city
did itself great honor In the splendid,
courteous, aud affectionate tribute it paid
to the foremost figure In the Democratic
party . It was not the less an enthusiastic
and representative demonstration, because
it was practicalryjmpromptu, but the
achievement was what, was expected of
thesllverorganization of Alexandria, whi, h.
claims to be the first Bryan club or
ganized in the United states It was the
intention of the club to give Mr. Bryan
ar royal welcome oa the 14th instant, when,
the city and county could have fraternized
and united in a monster reception. On
Mondry however, It was learned that Mr.
Bryan's engagements permitted him to be
in Alexandria last night only, and prepara
tions were immediately commenced for
his retepMon. The club formed the fol
lowing committee of its members: L. H.
Thompson, J. F. Rixey, G. A. Mushbath.F.
E. Anderson, W. H. May, M. B. Harlow,
FrancisL. Smith, Henry Strau, J. W.May.
J. II. Strider, L. II. Machen, W. Lindsey,S:
H Lunt, C. M. CuvilUer. Frank Splnfcs, J. T
Beokham, D. It. Stanshury, W. H. Smith,
J. T. Sweeney, R. T. Cook. J R. N. Curtin.
J. A. Marshall, R. F. Knox, G. L. Boothe,
R. I). Hastier, W. B Dobie,Thoma.sRisheilI.
jr., George Drewry, G. E. Price, R. W.
Moore, Joseph E. Willard, and Leonard
To these were added the folluwmg
prominent citizens, not members of the
club: G. L. Simpson, O. F. Carter, R. E.
Knight, and G. W. Bontz. On the Joint com
mittee the city officially, through Mayor
Thompson, and its citizens generally took;
part in the celebration and reception.
The reception included the presentation
of Mr. Bryan to the citizens at the Opera
House and a banquet tendered-him by the
"Original" Bryan Club.
A special delegation of the committee
went to Washington, Messrs. Drewry snd
Machen, who at companied him to the city.
He was meS at the Washington and King
street station by Messrs-. M. B. Barlowe.
president of the club; its first vice presi
dent, John H . Strider. and Secretary Rot
Hasslar. The news or his coming was m
the city, so that there was quite a crowd
at the station to greet him 01 his arrvial
Mr. Bryan was taken on a drive to
Schutcr's Hill, accompanied by Messrs.
Hnrlowe, Hasslar, aud Drewry, and en
Joyed the splendid landscape views from
that historic eminence.
At 6 o'clock he-dined witUMr. Drewry.on.
Columbia street, only members of Mr.
Drewry's family being present.
At 7.30, the committee, accompanied by
the Third Regiment Drum Corp, proceeded
to the residence or Mr Drewry. rrom whk-b
Mr Bran wasescortcd to the Opera House,
a crowd, of course, joining in the escort.
The street in front of the Opera House was
packed when he arrived there, and "heer
arter cheer went up as he entered the
building with the committee.
The building was packed to the roof
The seating capacity is 1,300, but there
was such an excess that the crowd was
estimated as from 1,G00 to 1,800. All
through the hour and a half ot the stirring:
events in the building, a crowd, outsider
waited to take place in line for the recep
tion, which began about 9 15 o'clock.
The dress circle was ircfkcd with ladies
who also waited their turn to be presented.
On the stage were the committee above
noted and Senator Jone who was called
from the audience; .Mr. McMillin. who
came with thelatet returns from Chicago,
and several other politicians from Washing
ton. Mrs. Senator Jones Mis Jones and
visiting ladies were with the chairman's
party from Washington.
The Opera House was in gay attire with
flags, the stage being decorated spfvia)ly
with the Bryau-Scwall RKevbanuer. When
Mr. Bryan entered. although the mass was
very dense, they All knew the fact instan
taneously, and the !ious' was in Its feeC
with cheers and the well-known salutations
to the great Ncbraskaa. This was all re
newed when he took his seat oa the plat
form, on his left being Mayor Thompson
and on his right Chairman Barlowe. Bo
was presented by Mr. K. IZ. Tood, with a
rioral token, which was the occasion for
another demonstration. It took very little
for that crowd, so intense was Its enthne
iosm in getting back into the fight, to
"demonstrate" at anything.
Chairman ITarlowe opened the proceed
lijgs with a brief Epeceh, in which he
referred to the short visit of Mr. Bryan
to Alexandria last year and the greaC
pleasure ot its people to sec him again.
He referred to him as a man, although in
private life, who had more of the affec
tion of the people behind him than any
man in the countrv (Applause)
Mr. Bryan was received very handsomely
and continuously witli the cheers or tha
crowd and the waving of haudker.-rucft
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