Newspaper Page Text
Tina MOKNIlsTG TOIES, SUNDAY, APRIL 11, 1897.
m IN TMIL0W00DS
The Story of a Sotjth
JJj JOEL CnAXDLKlt J3A.RRIS.
CHUNKY RILEY SEES A QUEER SIGHT.
-There ib no doubt tliatMr. Gossett was
bincereln what lie .said to Aaron. Thereis
no doubt lliat lie fully intended .to carry
out the promises lie 1iad made in tlie hope
of inducing Hie- runaway to return lionie
with lain Korea n It be doubted that lie
had some toil f respect Tor a slave, who,
although a fugitive with a reward oHered
lor hit. capture, was willing to go to the
xesciifc of his owner at a -.ery critical
moment Mr. Gossett was, indeed, a harsh,
hard, calculating man, whose whole mind
was. bent on accumulating "prop'ty," as
he called it , to ll.e end that he might be
looted up To as Addii-on Abeicrombie and
other planters were But, alter all, he
was ji liuiuau being, and he admired
btrcngtli, courage, audacity and the M!g
gestivetioss of craftiness that he thought
he diseovei ed in Aaron.
"Moreover, he was not without a linking
fear of the mnaway, for at bottom Mr.
Gossctt's was essentially a weak irature.
This weakness constantly displayed itself
in his hectoring, blustering, overbearing
manner toward those over whom he had
any authority. It wan natural, therefore,
that Mr. Gobsett should have a secret
dread of Aaron, as well as a lively de
bhe to conciliate him up to a curtain
point. More than that, Mr. Gossett had
been impressed by the neighlwhood talk
about the queerruna way. Ahlongas such
talk -was- coufmed to the negroes he paid
no attention to it, but when Mich a sage
as Mr. Jonathan Gadbby, a man of large
experience and likewise a justice of the
peace, was icsidy to agree to some or
the most marveloub tale.- told al'out the
agendo-, thrft Anion was able to call to
hie aid, the superstitious fears of Mr.
Gossett 'icgantoglve him an uneasy ft cling.
Tlfe' f iittl ifrui.-itluu that M r Gadsby laid
down -wusthatAarOuwas"not by no means
a nigger, jah anybody with eyes in their
could sec!"' That fact wa lii.-t to ie con
sidered. Admit it, and everything else tliat
was said -wtmld follow as a n altei ol course.
Mr. Gart-by's argument, judicious!.? deliv
ered to whomsoever warned to hear it, was
this. It was plain to be seen that the i un
awny -was no moie like a nigger than a
donkey is like a lace hoisc Now, if he
wasn't a nigger, what was he trying to
j)lay niggei for? What was he up to? "Vh.
couldn't the dogs track him? "When
borne one said Mr. Simmons' dogs hadn't
tried, Mr Gadsby would answer that when
Mr. Simmons' dogs did try the.x'dmake a
Worse muddie of It than ever. Why? Be
causethe mnaway had on him the marks of
the men that called the elements lo help
them. Mr- Gadsby knew it.becnusc hchad
been their pictures in the books, and the
mnaway Icoked just like tliem. Mr- Gads
by'.s uicmor.) was exact. The pictures he
had seen were In a book called the "Ara
Mr. Gossett thought of what Mr. Gadsby
bad said as hesat wiihAaiouin tlie buggy,
and oold chills began to creep up his spine
He edged away as far as he could, but
Aaron paid no attention to his movement.
Once the horse tinned its head head side
wise and whinnied. Aaron made some
bort of leply that was unintelligible to Mr.
Gossett. The horse stopped still- Aaron
head, and piescntly came back "with a part
of the harness in his hand, which lie
Ihrcw m tlie bottom of ll.e buggy.
. "What's thai?" Mr. Gossett asked.
" "Bridle Bit hurt horse's mouth-"' He
then coolly pulled the reins in, and placed
them with the bridle.
"Why, confound It, don't vou know this
horse is as wild as a buck? Are you fixing
to have me killed? What aic you doing
Aaron had taken the whip from its
thimble, laid the lash gently on the horse's
hack and held it there. In response to his
chiirtip the horse whinnied gratefully and
bhook his head playfully.
When Mr. Goettsawthal thchorse was
going easily and that it seemed to be com
pletely under Aaron's control, he remem
bered again what Mr. Gadsby uadsaid about
people wlio were able to call the clcmentsto
their aid, and it caused a big lump to rise
in his throat What was thlsgoingou right
before his eyes? A runaway sitting by his
bide and driving a fractious and easily
frightened hor;e without bit or bridle?
And then another thought crossed Mr.
Gossctt's mind a thought so direful that it
caused a cold sweat to stand on his fore
head. Was it the runaway's intention to
jump .suddenly rrom the buggy and strike
tlie horse with the whip? But Aaron
showed no such purpose or desire. Once
he leaned forward, peering into the dnrk
ness, and said fomethlng to the horse.
"What is it?' Mr. Gobsett asked, nerv
ously. "Some buggies coming along,'' replied
"Can you pass themhere?''
"It they give your wheels one inch to
fipare,' replied Aaron. "Tell 'em to bear
to the right."
"Hello, there!'' ciied Mr. Gossett.
"Hello, yourself!'' answered a voice.
"That you, Terrell?'
"Yes; ain't that Gossett?"
"Tlie same. Bear to the right. Where've
"Been to tlie lodge at Harmony.'' The
attic or the schoolhouse at Harmony was
used a8.i Mnsbnic lodge.
"Who's behind you?" Mr. Gossett in
quired. "Denham, Aiken, Griffin, and Gatewood.''
There were. In fact, four buggies, Mr.
Griffin being on horseback, and they were
all close together. Mr. Gossett hnd but to
beize Aaron, yell for help, and his neighbors
would soon havetherunaway tied hard a ml ;
last with the reins in the bottom of the
buggy. That is, if Aaron couldn't call the
elements to his aid but suppose he could?
What then? These thoughts passed through
Mr. Gossetl'b mind, and he was strongly
tempted to try tnc experiment; but he re
frained. He said gocd-night.hut Mr. Aiken
"You know that new school teacher at
A b ercro mW e's? "
' "'I haven't seen hirn," said Mr. Gossett.
"Well, hi' there. Keep an eye on him.
He's a rank abolitionist,"
"Is that k'o?"' exclaimed Mr. Gossett, in
a tone of amazement.
"So I've heard. He'll bear watching.'
"Well, well, well!" Mr. Gossett ejacu
lated. "AVIiat's that?" Aaron asked, In a low
lone, as they passed the last of the four
. "What's what?"
"Oh, that's one of these blamed new
fangled parties. You wouldn't know" If I
were to tell you."
In a little while they began to draw near
Mr. Gossctt's home, and he renewed his ef
forts to prevail on Aaron to go to the cabin
that had been assigned to him, and to re
xnaiu as one of the hands. Finally, as they
came wli.hhi hailing distance or the hoube,
Mr. Gossett said:
, "If you've made up your mind to stay
jrou may take the horse and put it up. If
you won't stay don't let the other niggers
eee you. Stop the horse If you can."
t Aaron pressed the whin on the horse's
jTiuuk, aad instantly the buggy came to a j
standstill. The runaway jumped from the
buggy, .placed -the whip in its thimble and
Blood a moment as if reflecting. Then he
raised his right arm in the air a gesture
that Mr. Gossett oould not see, however
and said good night.
"Wait!" exclaimed Mr. Gossett. "Where's
"Inside the buggy seat," replied Aaion,
and disappeared in the darkness.
Mr. Gossett called a negro to take the
horse.-audit beemed as if onu sprang from
the ground to answer the call with ""Yes,
marsler," ou the end of his tongue. It was
"How long; have you been standing here'."'
asked Mr. Gossett. suipiciously.
"Nu, time, marster. Dcs come a-runuiu'
wiia.i i hear Ue Jjuggy wheels sciuusbin' on
do gravel I hear you lalkiu' to de boss
whiles I conilu' lroo de big gate down
yauder by de barn."
You're a mighty swift runner, then," ?
rcmaiKeii air. uo&seit, uouoiiuuy.
"Yasser, I'm a light peait nigger. I'm
shoru but soon." Thereupon Chunky Riley
pretended to laugh. Then he made a discov
ery and became very serious. "Marster,
dey ain't no sign or no bridle on dish yer
boss And whar de lines? Is anybody ever
see tie beat it datV Maister, how in de
name er goodness kin you drive dish yer
boss without bridle er Hues?"
"Its easj enough when you know how,"
replied Mr. Gossett, complacently. He was
flattered and soothed by the Idea that
Chunky Riley would believe him to be a
greater man than ever. "Give the horse a
good feed,"" commanded Mr. Gossett. "He
has traveled lar to ng.it, and he and I have
seen some queer sights."
"Well, Mih!" exclaimed Chunky Riley,
with well-afrecieJamazemcnt. He caught
the horse by the rorelock and led it care
fully through the gate into the lot, thence
to the buggy shelter, where he proceeded
to take off the liarness.
He shook his head and muttered to him
self all the while, Tor he was wrestling
with the most mysterious problem that
had ever been presented to his mind. He
pia.ls.eciiAnM.nm the buggy withhiMiias-
ter; he had heard his master begging Aaion
not to st;iy in the woods. He hnd seen and
heard these tilings with his own eyes and
ears, and they were too mysterious for his
simple mind to explain. Didn't Aaron Le
long to Chunky Riley's master? Wasn't
he a runaway? I)idnt his master try to
catch Ivim? Didn't lie have the Simmons
nigger-Jogs after him that very day? Well,
then, why didn't Jiis master keep Aaron
while he had him in the buggy? Why did
he .lt still and allow the runaway to go
back to the woods?
This was much more mysterious to
Chunky Riley than anything he had ever
heard of. He could make neither head nor
tail of it He knew that Aaron had some
mysterious influence over the animals,
lMth wild and tame. That could be ac
counted for on grounds that were en
tirely plausible and satisfactory to the
suggestions of Chunky Riley's supersti
tion. Bat, did Aaron have the same iwer
over his own master? It certainly seemed
so, for he rode in the buggy with him,
and went off into the woods again right
bcrore Mr. Gosselt's eyas.
But. wait a minute! If Aaron really had
any influence over his own master, why
didn't he stay at home instead of going
into the woods? This was a problem too
complicated for Chunky Hllcy to work out.
Hut it worried lilin so that he whispered
it among the other negroes on the place,
ami so it spread through all that region.
A fortnight artcrward it was nothing un
common for negroes to come at night from
plantations miles away so -that they nilghj
hear rrom Chunky Rlleys own lips what he
Tlie talc that Chunky Riley told wns be
yond 1-elief, but it was all the Inore im
pressive on that account. And it was very
fortunate for Aaron, too, in one respect.
After the story that Chunky Riley told
became bruited about there was not a
negro to be found who could be bribed or
frightened into spying on Aaron's move
ments, or who could be induced to say that
he had acm him.
It was observed, too, by all the negroes,
as well as by many of the white people,
that Mr. Gossett seemed to lose Interest
in his fugitive slave. He made no more
crrort to capture Aaron, and, whn twitted
about It by some of bis near neighbors,
his Invariable remark was: "Oh, the
nigger'll come home soon enough when
cold weather sets In. A nigger can stand
everything except cold weather." Yet N!r.
Go-sclts neighlwrs all knew that nothing
w& easier than for a runaway to make a
fire iu the woods and keep himself fairly
comfortable. They wondered, theicfore,
why the well-known energy of Mr. Gossett
iu capturing his runaway negroes and he
hail a remarkable experience In the ".latter
of runaways should suddenly cool down
with respect to Aaron.
Butitmustnot be supposed thatthismadc
any real difference On the contrary as
soon as George Gobsett found that his
father was willing lo nllow matters to
take their course as far as Aaron was con
cerned, he took upon himself the task of
capturiugthe fugitive, and in this '.usiness
he was aide to enlist the interest or the
young men or the neshborhcndl who,
without asking anybody's advice, con
stituted themselves the patrol. George
Gossett's explanation to his companions
hi engaging their assistance was: 'Tap
is getting old, and he ain't got time to be
settingnp late at night and galloping i. bout
all day trying to catch a runaway nigger."
These young fellows were quite willing
to pledge themselves to George Gossctt's
plaus. They had nrrived at the age when
the vigor of youth seeks nn outlet, and it
was merely in the nature of a frolicf or i hem
lo ride hair the night patrolling and sit out
the other, half watching for Aaron.
But there was one peculiarity about the
vigils that were kepton account of Aaron.
They were carried on, for the most part,
wiLhln tasting distance of tlie stillhousc
run by Mr. Fullalove, which was on a
small watercourse, not far fiom the Aber
cromble place. Mr. Fullalove was em
ployed simply to superintend the distilling
or peach and apple brandy and corn
whisky, and, although it was his duty to
taste of the low wines as they trickled
from tho spout of the "worm," he could
truthfully boast, as ho frequently did, that
not a drop of liquor had gone down his
throat for "forty years." Being a tem
perance man, and feeling himself respon
sible for the "stuff" at the still, he was
inclined to resent the freedom with which
tho young men conducted themselves.
Sometimes they pnld for what they drank,
but more often they didn't, and at such
times Mr. Pullalove would limp about at
tending to his business he had what he
called a "game leg" with tight-shut lips,
refusing lo respond lo the most civil ques
tion. But usually tlie young men were very
good company, and occasionally when Mr.
Fullnlove wns suffering from pains in his
"game leg" they would keep up his fires
for him. And that was no light task, for
tho blill was of large capacity. Take it
all in all, however, one night with an
other, Mr. Fullalove was perfectly will
ing to dispense with both the services and
tlie presence of the roystcring young men.
But one night when they came the old
man had something interesting to tell
"You fellers ought 'a' been here awile
ago," he said. "I reckon you'd a' seed
soincthiu' that'd 'a' made you open your
eyes. I was seitin' in my chur over thar',
some'rs betwixt a nod an' a dream, when
it seems like I heard a dog a-whlnln' in
the bushes. Then I heard a stick crack,
an' when I opened my eyes who should I
see but the biggest, strappin'est bunk nig
ger mat ever trou -snoe leather. L say,
nigger,' Mr. Fullnlove explained, "be
Uase I dunner what else to say, but ef
that mau's a nigger, I'm mighty much
mistaken. He's dark enough for to be a
nigger, but he ain't gotthe right color,an'
he ain't got the .right countenance, an" he
ain't .got the right Idnd of lia'r, an' he
ain't .got the right idnd of twang to his
Air. Fullalove paused for a moment to
see what crfect this would liave on tho
young men. Then he went on:
"I heard a dog whinin' out thnrin the
bushes, but 1 didn't pay no attention to it.
Then 1 stoops down, for to git a splinter
forto light my pipe, an' when Hookup thar
was tins big tall well, you can call him
'nigger' ef you want to. I come mighty
nighjunipiii' out'nmyhkln. I draptsplinter,
pipe, hat, an' eve'ything else you can
think ot, an' ef the man hadn't 'a' retched
down an' picked 'em up I dunno as I'd 'a'
found 'em by now. I ain't had sech a turn
well, not sencethat night when the "worm'
gotchuggeJ up an' thecapotthestillblow'd
"Hello'' says I, when did you git In?
I'ou might V knocked at the door,' says I.
1 tried for to make out I weren't skeered,
but 'twant no .go. The man nigger or
ha'nt, whiehsoinever It might 'a' been
knowd o'en about as well as l didthathe'd
skeered me. Says he, 'Will you pleahe, sir,
give me as much as a spoonful of low
wines for to rub on my legs'." says lie. 'I've
been on my feet so long that my limbs arc
sore,' says lie."
" 'Why. tooby bhore I will,' says I, 'of
you'll make affvdavy tliab you'll not creep
up ou me an' skuer me out'n two years'
growth,' says I. I'ou may not believe
me," Mr. Fullalove continued, solemnly,
"but that man stood up thar an' never
cracked a smile. I got one of them half
pint ticklers an' let the low-wines run in
it Dot lnmi the worm. He takes It an' set
right on that log thar an' poured it in his
han' an' runbe.liioiihlslegs. Now, el' that'd
'a' been one of you bo yb you'd 'a swallcr'd
the low-wines an' rubbed yourlegs wi' the
George Gossett knew that the man Air.
Fullalove had seen was no other than
Aaron, the runaway.
"Which way did he go, Uncle .lake?"
"Make iiHiuiremcnts of the wind, child!
Tlie wind knows lots more about It than
me. The man bowed, raised his right
han in tlie a'r, taken a couple of steps,
an' fwiff he was gone! Whether he
floated or flew, I'll never tell you; but he
done uthcr one cr t'other, maybe both."
"I'd give a S20 bill If I coiihbhave been
here!" exclaimed George Gossett.
"On what hank, GobbCtt?" asked one of
"On a bandbank," remarked Mr. Fulla
"And I'll give a $5 bill to know which
way he went," said young Gossett, pay
ing no attention to gibe or barcasm.
"Plank do wnyounuouey," exclaimed Mr.
Tlie young man pulled a bill from his
pocket, unrolled it and held it in his
"He went the way the wind blowcd! Gii
me themoaey,"saidMr.FulIaIove, solemnly.
Whereat the young men laughed loudly,
but not louder than Mr. Fullalove.
"Some of your low-wines must have
slipped do wnyourgoozle," remarked George
Gossett, somewhat resentfully.
Later, when "the young men were patrol
ing the plantations in a -vain beaich fur
Aaron, their leader remarked:
"The nigger that old Fullalove saw was
"But," bald one, "the old man sayb he
wasn't a nigger."
"Shucksl Fullalove's so old he couldn't
tell-a mulatto from a white man at night.
You needn't tell me; that nigger hangs
around the Abercrombic place, and if
we'll hang around there we'll catch him."
So they agreed then and there to lay
biege, as it were, to the Abercronible
place every night until they succeeded
cither in capturing Aaron or In finding out
something definite about his movements.
This siege was to go on in all sorts of
weather and under all sorts of conditions.
(To Be Continued.)
A ENGLISH IHSIIOr DEFIED.
His Vicar Gives lliin a Mluuto to
Behave III illicit.
London, April JJ. The whole Church of
England has been horrified this week
by the action of the vicar -who has dared
to defy his bishop before tlie congrega
tion. The Bishop of Norwich attended
tho annual confirmation service at
Gorlesion Church. When he emerged
from the vestry with the clergy and choir
and entered tho chancel he observed
lighted candles on the altar and asked
the vicar, the Rev. Mr. Forbes I'liiUips.
to remove them. The vicar chrtly de
clined, and asserted his supreme authority
in his own church. The following col
Bishop 1 shall not proceed with the
service unless tho lights arc removed.
Vicar You may please yourself, but
the lights sliall remain.
The bishop tllrectod two church wardens
to extinguish the candles, but these of
ficials ranged themselves on the side of the
vicar, and one of them declared that "we
arc not the servants of the bishop and have
no authority beyond the altar rails."
Bishop 1 have great objections to
lighted candlcB on the altar in tlie day
time, and probably tho congregation
shares my views.
Vicar 1 Invite any such tcrdeclarc them
Bishop I Shall not conduct the service.
Vicar (taking out his watch) I shall
give you one minute to make up your mind,
and if you then still refuse, I shall con
duct the service myself, ascend tho pul
pit, and declare the candidates members
of tho Church of England. Throwing
upon you the responsibility of rejecting
Before the minute had elapsed the bishop
elected, as he sntd. for the sake of peace,
and to spare tho feelings of the congre
gation, to proceed with the service. Now
the ecclesiastical world-Is wonderlng-what
will happen to that vicar. New York Sun.
I.o, the Poor Editor!
A Georgia newspaper man is going to
give up journalism, because he thinks
editors are not treated fuiily. "A child
Is bom," he says; "the doctor in attend
ance gets $10i the editor notes It and gets
0; It Is christenedt tho minister gets $4,
the editor Writes it up and gets 00; it
marries, the minister gets another fee,
the editor a piece of cake or 000; in course
of time it dies, the doctor gets from $5
to S10, the minister gets another $1, the
undertaker gets $L'3 to $40 , the editor
prints it and receives 0000 and then the
privilege of running free of Charge a card
of thanks." New York Tribune.
Lookln' at the sunshine
Slant'n' on the wall,
Watchin' where tlie siiadders
Uv the maples fall.
Jest a lazy swayin',
Wavin'" to an' fro,
Where the sun 'n' shadders
Kinder come 'u' go'.
Ain't a-lhinkin' nnthin',
Jest a-layln' here,
Sonkln' in the gladness,
. Soak'n' up the cheer.
What's the use o' doiu'
Anythin' at all?
'Druther watch the sunshine
Slant'n' on the wall.
She I think you had better send up
another rat-trap, John. He But I bought
one only the other day. She I know, but
there is a rat in that one. Tid-JJits.
TERROR AND DISASTER.
It was posrable for three full weeks re
cently that 2,800 square miles or Mis
souri, 4,000 square miles of Arkansas,
7,000 square miles of Mississippi, and
15,000 square miles of Louisiana, an area
of country as big as Massachusetts, Ver
mont, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, put
together, might be flooded by the swol
len, majestic tide of the Father of Waters.
AS a matter of fact, scores of counties wero
Hooded, Hundreds or lives were lost, nhd
thousands put in danger, and millions of
dollars' worth of property was destroyed.
I If the cotton crop of Louisiana alone had
beeu made a failure, $75,000,000 would
have been sacrificed.
As early as the L'Othof March hardly
a single one, of tlie dozen railroads cen
tering at Memphis tiras'able to move out
its trains. Near the city a 200-foot break
in the levee had flooded five counties,
andatleastG.OOO refugees had been brought
to town by the relief steamers. Every
regular boat, every o'raft of any kind that
could be pressed into service, brought in
Its loads of starving'nrrd ragged men and
women, who, gratcrul Ciibugh to find their
lives safe, hml not $'ct "thought of their
lost houses audcrops And Herds. The farm
ers and their families the'negrocsand their
women and pickahliuiies.'cows, dogs, hens,
all hnd fled to sucto snlall elevations as
could be readied in time; or some perched
still In the tops of trees or roosted on the
roofs or houses floutiiig-'daugciously down
the stream, wailing for tin., passingstcamer.
Men and women, black and white, all
worked nobly therivercaptains.therews, ,;
the farmers and the farm hands, the people
of Memphis and of tlie other townb. One
black fellow bwam 200 yards with a
white woman on his back ami saved her.
All the while sacks by thousand and timber
by the thousand feet were shipped back to
the points of greatest danger down the
liver. They were to stop, o.- to prevent,
tho terrible crevasses.
Word came up from Helena in Arkansas
that if the water rose six inches more the
town was doomed. The deluged district
about Memphis, 0,000 miles in urea, ex
tended seventj-five miles to the north
and ninetymllPH to the south. Wholccoun
ties were under water, there were nine
crevasses already In a district or fifteen
miles, and 40,000 people had homes in
tlie flooded district. A thousand anxious
people gi feted every arriving rclfef steam1
er; excursions for rescue and for sight
seeing went out, 1300 persons at a time.
There were no railroad communications
any wiierc. Tlie malls could only be moved
in skiffs, or in some casesby the means of
handcars on the submerged railroad beds.
The situation along thClcvecs giew more
intense every moment. If the river should
wear a crevasse, or If il should flow over
the top or the levee, there would be loses
or life In a hundred places The snakes
climbing to the tree tops, and the rats
climbing out of their holes In the streets,
were amusing enough; but the rescue par
ties had more serious tilings to think of,
and with the setllcrs themseleves It wab
a case of life or death.
All along the levees shotgun patrols had
already been established It meant death
to land, or to tiy to land, at any of these
places; the embankments might stand the
additional strain, but the guards meant to
take no chances. The people of Fort Pil
low, now on the verge of starvation, were
desperate, and meat, meal, and molasses
were sent to them. Cattle died nothing
could be done Tor them, norror the hungry
negroes who gorged themselves almost to
death nftertheyhadbeen taken toMemphis.
The rescued negroes would not always
work, either; Si. DO a day was offered to
100 of them, but barely thirty stepped
forward; they preferred to visit the eoup
houseb at regular intervals, and to take
their chances for the Tuture. At one time
1,200 of them might have been found in
one of these places. The darkies illsported
themselves further IrTniUIVv' how clothes
tho women especially, who' were almost
beside themselves"' fnthci'r gay and ill
Wild slories continued lo come in from
down the river There wa- fine hunting
and more limiting than the law allowed.
Deer, iinuihers, and even bear, weiedrlved
from their seclusloii into trie open of the
levees; there was no onii toMnterfere with
those who loved sporrJ welt' enough to kill
thetti. Along the Rniias, Fort Scott,
and Memphis RallrohdQOO hogs had rooted
holes in tlie embankment by the river In
search or food. This endangered the
trains, and they were driven into a nelgli
boring roundhouse and 'locked up. One
hardy steamboat captain dime in with a
queer record of his ldiscoveries. Bis
paper had run out away iiuVu the river,
and he had resorted to the bosoom of a
shirt that had been found hi a bundle
among the baggage. Later it became
necessary for the captain to wear this
shirt, and he did so; but this did not Inter
fere with his" submission of ft clear and
complete list of persons lost and rescued.
He was able to discard the borrowed shirt
AH the while the sacks for filling at the
levees were rushed down to the danger
points as fast as possible. One load of
lu0,000 went down. The Government
tug Itasoa, Captain Fitch, was of the
greatest bervice. Early in the excite
ment Captain Fitch had ppent, or had
arranged to spend, $l4-,000, without any
authorization', but he knew that this was
necessary, that It would be fatal to de
lay, aud that the Government could prob
ably bo depended on In time to pay the
money. Thcro were few conveniences
for cooking on board (he Itasca, except
for the crew; but it was an obliging crew,
and the hands helped the cioWd of starv
ing refugees to bake pigs on shovels over
the fires under tho uollerH.
As the waters gradually subsided,- or
showed signs of doing so, the scenes of
the greatest danger were transferred fur
ther down the rlvdr. Nothing but the sand
bags strewnalongatintcrvais saved thirty
seven miles of the track of the Iron Moun
tain Baihoad. In all the eighty-five miles
from Memphis to Helena Were only two
dry spots where houses stood. AbdVe Hel
ena the lighthouse keeper bud been driven'
up into a trectop, but there lie stayed, his
dog and gun on the scaffolding by his
side, with nothing but a poor apology for
u lantern waving any approaching craft
away from the levees on rnln of death.'
At Bird's Point was another faithful gen
tleman, with conditions fairly" normal,
performing his arduous and important du
ties in a trectop. He was a telegraph
operator, With his instrument under his
arm, sending and receiving news, or at
least keeping the circuit. In some places
just above Helena the waterwas only two
or three inches below the tops of the
The sand sacks might stop a general
overflowing,, even if the river should rise
above this level; but the crevasse! That
was the thing tlie most terrible. The rush
of waters had been known to root Up trees
three feet thick, and some crevasses had
seemed instantly to bo twenty feet deep.
The situation was anything but pleasant
at Helena, therefore. Seven thousand peo
ple lived in the bnnin there, below1 the level
of the river. Eighty-six feet of water
dashed against the levee as if trying to
break it through with- every wave. The
water, already ten feet above the level of
the streets, surged past the town. 10,000,
000 gallons every second, at thcr rate of
eight miles an hour.
'ibis- town was not without her heroes,
though. There was Gapt. Fillow, a wealthy
man with one arm,, long'Sinco- famous for
his bravery in another flood. He was pro
tecting one or the levees.' There was a
slough (as when the whole structure seems,,
rrom the violence of tlie waters and (rom
its own making and" undermining, to be
I about to gfve way) a"fld jaft a sign of a J
break. There Was a break about as big
as a man's body. Capt. Pillow flung his
body inbj the opening. It prevented any
rurther d'umage till help came.
Helena lias another character, Col. Miles,
tho "river prophet," known to all from
Memphis to New Orleans. Ho is seventy,
but for tliat reason all the more the people
ot the little town under the levee believe
in him. In 1882, when the Mississippi
was wilder and freer than ever bcrore,
Col. Miles predicted that this town and
that town were iu no danger at all, be
cause, while the river Would go higher at
such and such points" it Would not go above
such a point (mentioning the halt-Inch In
several cascs; and so, In 1897, when Hele
na and her people trembled lest the Father
or Waters should break his bounds and
overwhelm and drown them, they actually
slept in peace when it was known that Col.
Miles knew Just how high tlie river would
go. But the river at Helena Was, never
theless, above tlie top ot the levee a foot
in some places, and in some three and even
four feet. The thousands ot sand bags
kept the stream within its course, though.
But the 7,000 souls or the little city were
as near as that to destruction.
In Mississippi, Greenville, a prosperous
town of 10,000 people, first began to fear
annihilation. For several days the 300
miles of levccH about the city stood, al
most trembling with their responsibility,
between the river and the destruction of
a thousand people. The great dangers,
however, proved to be faither down the
river. One steamer rescued 300 persons
rat Rosedale, where a break above the town
had threatened the whole population. Tlie
whole Yazoo delta, thirteen counties, cover
ing an area 250 miles long and 7o miles
wide, and supporting a' population or nearly
200,000 souls, was under water; the ef
forts of thousands or citizens, and or hun
dreds of convicts, released temporarily for
the purpose, had proved unavailing to stop
the awful crevasses or turn aside the
angry biirge of a river as big as the Hud
son. Still farther down, New Orleans,
hitherto resting securely, now saw the
water within a foot of the top of her
lovees. Half a million sacks of earth
wci e forwa rded with all haste to the prints
of greatest danger. A thousand convicts
and many thousand citizens worked to
gether literally like beavers. ( Men with
rifles patrolled the banks for miles, r.OO
feet apart. Steamers ran at half speed;
nvpn flip Kwlsli of n iinssliltf craft wafc
dangerous. The inhabitants 6t tile bcai
tirui city oy tne great ouiia iooKetiBiix
iously for the' news that the 'President
had sinned the Joint resolution of Con
giess appropriating $250,000 for their
relief. They Worked and prayed as never
The Mississippi floods of 1897, tin; most
terrible and destructive knqwn, mustsurely
draw renewed attention to the plans which
engineers have discussed by which they
may possibly be avoided. One proposition
is to build reservoirs in the up-country,
where the rush of waters can be con
trolled; so that the various large tribu
taries may be permitted to discharge their
Immense volumes of wa'erlnto the general
stream only at the proper seasons; a device
or great advantage also to the dryer por
tions of the great basin. Another plan has
been to make a comprehensive, safe and
lasting system of levees; for It is not to
be expected that the rich alluvial lauds
along the river (and equally along its
great tributaries) will ever be abandoned.
Nor Is it strange, as the conditions now
arc. that the MIsslS3lppl should often break
all bounds atld play incalculable havoc.
Twenty States and Territories constitute
its water shod. Luckily all of Its tributar
ies do not discharge their floods Into this
common current ht the same time. Nature
scums to llilve provided that poor means
of safety for the dwellers in the low lands;
otherwise whole States might be made un
inhabitable. There hnve.Jieen other floods In tho
Mississippi valley nhnost as appalling
as these. In 184-i the high water, never
equalled since then until the present
year, drowned many at St. Louts. In 1849
the floods caused a loss of $3,000,000 at
St. Louis and or $20,000,000 at New Or
leans. The year 1857 saw very high water
at St. Louis 36 feet 0 Inches above the
mean low water line; the record of 1SJI
had been -14 feet ft inches' above the mean
low water line. In 1883 the Ohio rose
GG feet ! inches at Cincinnati and houses on
the river bank Were covered The loss was
$2,000,000 in Cincinnati alone, and in
neighlKjring counties the loss Was $5,
000,000. Thirty thotisaud persons were
made homeless In 188 1 the water at this"
point went still higher and drowned sixty
persons. The Mississippi River floods of
March and April, 1S90, unuudnted miles
of country and isolated cities and towns.
Perhaps tho floods of 1892 were still
more terrible. They caused a loss of
1,100 lives aud of $12,000,000 worth of
BIGGEST CASK EVER BUILT.
It Hohl fcnoiJKh "Wine to Give ine
Million JPers-ons n Qlass Fuch.
Fresno, Cal., April 8. The largest cask
in tho world has recently been completed
at St. George vineyard, located at Malter
moro. It contains 07,000 gallons, or
enough to give 9,000,000 persons each an
ordinary wino glass full or its contents.
It is built of the very finest California red
wood, and in all tho vast amount of lum
ber used in constructiug it there is not a
The object of building so large a cask
is to keep on hand at the St. George vine
yard tL uniform supply of wine, the con
tents of (ho cask being that wine of
Which the most Is sold. Several years ago
the necessity for something of this sort
became apparent. To build a cask of the
slzo referred to seemed an impossibility at
first, but after the matter was thoroiighly
discusscd the members of the vineyard
company made up their minds to try. So
tho redWood forests of Humboldt county
were called upon to supply the neeessiry
The seiet-Uon of lumber Tor tho cask was
no ordinary task, for not more than one
stick In a dozen or those presented Tor
examination would do. It was an abso
lute necessity that the material bo flaw
less. At last enough lumber of the very
rfrsfc quality was round, and then the work
of drying It, so that there would he not the
slightest danger or shrinkage, began. It
required just two j-ears to complete this
task. .The lumber ready, two entire trains
of cars proved necessary lo "convey it to
the nearest point to the vineyard.
This lumber was amply sufficient in
quantity to erect such a house as .does
not exist In California. Think of a build
ing constructed of redwood lumber which
was absolutely flawless. The finest house
on Nob Hill, In San Francisco, cannot
boast of the quality that makes this wine
cask useful. The hoops that bind the cask
together are or finely tempered steel. In
the aggregate they would fill two large
rreight cars, and their total weight Is
40,000 pounds. The cask towers to a
heightor thirty Teet, and is twenty-six feet
indiameter. If its,contents could be placed
in unbroken bulk in freight cars it would
take thirty of the biggest to- hold then.
As compared with other casts in which
the vineyard fceep<s wine, the proirortton
is about the same as that of a bunch of
grapes' to the pare.it viae. In fact, there Is
only one wine cask in the world which can
be legitimately compared with thisghmtof
California, and that is the great tun of
Heidelberg, Germany, which for a century
and a half has been famous Wherever men
drank wine and know from whcncelt-anie.
The California cask was not constructed
with the intention or outdoing r.nyoncv
butsimply for business rerfsoasf. The differ--ence
in size Of' these two tons: can best be
understood by considering the- fact that
the German cask holds 42,000 gallons and
the California cask 97,000, showing the
former to be less than halt the size of the
Considering the contents ot the cask from
the mcasuremeut of gallons, the idea of
Its Immensity is not as fully impressed as
when figuring on a basis of lesser quan
tities. For instance the cask holds 388t
000 quarts, or 776,000 pints, or 3,004,
000 gills. An ordinary glass of wine lb
ftliout a third ot a gill, perhaps a little
less. This huge cask would hold a
sufficient quantity to permit 9,0l2,u00
to partake of a glass of whatever brand
of Juice of the grape filled It. Therefore,
if every inhabitant of the greatest five
cities of the United States should pass in
procession this huge redwood receptacle,
each might enjoy a libation therefrom.
Figuring the value of the contents ot the
cask at the price it would be retailed at
in the States where wine is not made, the
total reached is $901,200, so near a
million that it can without great stretch
ing ho called a million-dollar cask. Of
course the value of the contents in Cali
fornia does not approach the Sum named,
for wine here Is very cheap, indeed.
Even basing the selling price of the wine at
50 cents a gallon, however, a price that
will buy excellent wine in this State, tie
value of the cask's contents would lie
Looking at the wine from still another
standpoint, quality being always the
primal basis, the" cask contains .sufficient
to fairly flood quite a section of tlie land
about it should it break, aud tlie chances
are it would sweep along at first with
sufficient force' to seriously affect small
buildings which might be in its pathway.
Certainly It would drown any" human be
ing vho happened to be In. the way of the
flood. While the exact number of tons of
grapes whose juice is required to make
enough -w ine to fill the cask has never been
estimated, the proprietors of the vineyard
say that it would run Into hundreds of
thousands of pounds.
Tlie commercial value of such a large
cask lies In the fact, previously stated,
that it enables the vineyard to have on
hand at all times a very large uniform
supply of wine. Byunlform Mipplyisniennt
a quantity in whoso quality" there is no
variation. Wine from the same grapes
and riom the identical wine press, if
plated in different casks' and kept exactly
tfiitsanv period of time will notbe the same
inrqTiality wheli opened. There aVe many
reasons why this is so, but the principal
"one is that the process ot fermentation is
never thesnmclntwo casks, and the slight
atmospheric influence ' which even the
tightest bnllt cask is susceptible to varies
in every case.
By having such hn enormous 'cask as the
one, described, it is tendered possible to
have an Immense quantity c-twine, which,
it bottled as a certain brand, will he
,found exactly the same wherever" it Is
drunk, always excepting an occasional
bottle which may have been imperfectly
sealed through accident. Thesi' facts show
that while centralization may not be de
sirable in governmental affairs, as so
many persons are fond of saying nowadays,
when wine is considered It must be ad
mitted that the results are beneficial.
!NO INTKH1JST IN THE DETAILS.
The Jinlifc and the Hank rrcrident
(Jut Fii;ht Heturii.s by Accident.
"1 am not particularly Interested in that
fight," remarked the bank president, who
had dropped in at a newspaper office.
"Still I have a little curiosity to know
which ot the two brutes whipped."
"Tlie report has just come over the
wire," replied the circuit judge, who hid
happened in a few minutes bcrore him,
"that ritz Fitz what is the rest of his
"I think his name is Fitzslmmons."
"It sounds like it. At any rate, the
dispatch is to the effect that he ha3
Whipped. I don't take much interest in
this sort of thing, but I was passing the
office and stepped inside to see what was
drawing all this crowd."
"How many what do you call them
did they fight?"
"1 think they call them rounds- They
"Rounds, if I remember, is the word.
And Fitzsimmons knocked the other man
out in the fourteenth round?'
"Yes. The other man's name, they
say, is Corbett."
"CorbettV He's the man who rought
Sullivan some years ago, isn't he?"
"The same man. He would have won
this right, too. I Judge from the bulletins,
if he had not been too confident."
"Wasn't he overtrained?"
"Not a bit of it. He was in the pink of
"He must have weighed at least fifteen
pounds more than Fitzsimmons."
"Yes, but Filzsiuinioiis' enormous chest
and shoulders offset this difference. He
had taken better care of himeir, too."
"I know, but if Corbett had been the
fighter lie claims to he he would have
knocked him out inside of ten rounds."
"Curlett had him whipped, -didn't he,
up to the tenth round."
"Not by a houseful. Fitz was getting
stronger all the time."
"The bulletins show that Corbett landed
three times to his once."
"Yes, but his blows lacked steam. Fitz
was waiting for a chance to hit him once,
good and hard, and when the chance did
come ho was ready He never lost his
head a single time during the whole fight.
He's the gamost man and best Tighter In
the world today, and I'll bet money on it!"
"He's game enough, but if ever the two
fight again, my money will be put up on
Corbett. He's the most scientific boxer
and the greatest pugilistic general that
ever stepped inside a prize ring. It was
a chance blow that knocked him out."
"J0, it wasn't. He had waited for that
blow. He "
"Why, look at that sixth round! Cor
bett had fought him to liia knees, and "
"Ho wasn't half as badly done up as he
appeared to be. You can beton tliat. He
wanted Corbett to rush him, and he would
have been ready "
"Rot! Anybody that knows a lxlng
glove from a baked turkey know3 that "
"A man who couldn't tell the difference
between a prize fight and a Quaker meet
ing has no business to talk about pugil
ism!" Tho judge recovered himself first.
"As I remarked when yow came in' he
said, "I don't take any interest in this
sort of tiling. The whole business is dls
tatcfnl to me. 1 only stepped in here by
accident. Good afternoon." Chicago Tri
bune. mtuilred and Fifty-ton r Years Old.
A funeral is- not a matter or rate oc
currence in Guadalajara , Mexico, hut one
which took place on the Gth instant is
worthy of more than passing notice, in
that It was ot a man who, if his story is
true, was undoubtedly the oldest man on
earth. Jesus Campcche died on Friday,
and, according to h is affirmation and other
testimony, he was loi years old. He
said he was born in Spain in 1742, and
came to this country when he was twenty
four years 61d. lie was living with his
great-great-grandson, and had copies of
the church register at Validolld, Spain,
showing the date of his birth and bap
tism. The papers are genuine, and if they
rightfully belonged to him he was born
Deoembcr 12, 1742. He Telatcd incidents
which occurred in the last century, showing
that he cither told the truth or had stored'
his mind well with the happenings of that
period. A priest in tho church which he
attended, who is now eighty-four years
old, says he remembers Campeche as be
ing an old man when he was a little boy.
A PRE-CIIRISTIAiY CROSS.
Ancient Americans I'osswjssed tho
Symbol Before Christ Wus Born.
Hoylcstown, Pa., April 9. An archaeo
logical specimen has been presented to
the University of Pennsylvania by the
Bucks County Historical Society,, which
proves that the symcol xtC the cross was
known and used In ancient America be
fore the birth of Christ. The Importance
ot the facts proven by this relic of ancient
days wab first made known by Heury C.
ilercer, curator ot the section ot American
and prc-historic archaeology ot the Mu
seum of Science and Art of the University.
The object which has demonstrated tho
interesting facts stated Is a spindle whorl.
This whorl or weight used to give mo
mentum to the spindle stick, a thin, red
about a foot long pushed for an inch or
more through an orifice In the center ot
the whorl. In discussing these facts
Prof. Mercer bald to the writer: "Taa
thread material used in this spindle, at
tached to a dlstarr held in the left hand,
ran to the spindle, which, being twirled
on the knee and being left free to act,
spun or wound the thread. These whorh
prove a strange coincidence in the thrad
making processes In the Id and new worlds.
Dr. Schlicmann found scleral thousand
whorls at Hissarlik, and, strange to say,
many ot them were decorttted with the
Swastika, or bent-anuedcross. Others wert
marked with the ordinary cross. By the
bent armed cross is meant a cross which
resembles two letter Z's, one placed across
the other. Just as ir each was a sinsle I ar.
"Some ot the Mexican spindle whorls
are marked with crosses, but none show
tlie design in its symbolic form so clearly
as the specimen which I brought to light
the other day- It was recently obtained
tite specimen by J. W. Detweilor.of Beth
lehem, Pa-, from an ancient and prob
ably pre-Columbian graveln th Rio Cauca
Valley, Iu the Republic ot Colombia. Hera
the Idea ot cross symbolism la ancient
America, rather than mere decoration by
meahs of interesting lines, is well brought
out by the eight smaller crosses between
the arms of tho central cross.
"To my mind the specimen snows, first,
the. cross symbol existed in ancient Amer
ica before the coming of Christianity: iQC
ond, the cross symbol carved on a splndlo
whorl by ancient Americans in jHst the
same manner as ancient Asiatics tnd
Europeans had carved crosses on Aplndlo
whorls before the birth of CltrteUanity;
third, the identity of a peculiar process
for spinning in the old and new worlds
berore the discovery of America by Co
lumbus." - A study of the face of- the whorl found
In South America bhows it to be of ex
ceeding age.' Itb general style and work
manship make it plainly apparent that it
is the result of the labor of thv petiiife wko
Inhabited that part of South AmuncH now
known as Colombia, before the Star ol
Bethlehem startled t lie shepherds. In some
particulars it resembles in great degree
stone objects found in the iiHHmrarntw of
the mound builders, and alio calls to mind
Certain carvings nn implements of sC&ae
used by the Azlccs. Mexico's early set
tlors. Directly across the center, or lather
hrouud it, is a belt large on each side in
point of nidth. narrowing down iinctl in
the center the longitudinal lines conn; close--together.
Above and below tWs belt are
the crosses, which show that they .'.re not
purely for ornament, but possessed at one
time a symbolic significance to the tier
sons who carved them.
Archeological records iu Tegard ,to the
sign language of ancient peoples ot both
the Eastern and Western hcnasiiheresshow
nothing existed so far as history knows in
those early days ia the way of a sign.
Which corresponded to the rross. There
fore, it is not lielieved to have leen a
character of that method of writing
which obtained in greater or less degree
throughout the tribes of Indians-ot North
and South America. The discovery calLj
to mind an earthen vase also in the mu
seum of the University of Pennsylvania,
found in a stone grave, or mound, near
Xew Madrid, Mo., several years ugo, b7
This vase, the body of which was oval in
form, bore upon the neck a series ,f perrecs
crosses, the design being a combination of
the Roman and Greek croses. The crosses
on this vase, however, can hardly be called
as symlKilic in design as those on the whorl
found in Colombia. The discovery of these
crosses on different articles, all ot which,
were made before Christ was born, ia
Mexico, the Uuited States, South America,
and ancient Egypt, show to the mind of
the archaeologist that while the cross Is
truly symliolic of Christianity, it, at the
same time, was mo-t assuredly a religious
emblem before the Son ot Man was ever
The question of the origin of the cross
has been quietly argued for some timo
past, It being held that the discoveries
previous to the revelations made by Prof.
Mercer indicated plainly that instead of
the use of the cross as a symbol being
coincident with the birth of the Saviour, it
was held to denote sacred thought and be
lief during a period so long ago that the
known history of mankind does not touch
upon it- Prof- Thomas Wilson, of tho
Smithsonian Institution, who has made
this matter a study, finds ample evidence
for the belief quoted, and declares it to
be bejond question that the Christian,
symbol is really borrowed. from the an
cients. Tu second curious fact whioh the Co
lombian relic demonstrates Is the simi
larity in the process of spinning which
obtained in both the old and new worlds
1,900 and more years ago. It shows be
yond peradventure the fact that other dis
coveries have indicated, that the primi
tive methods of weaving, of sewing, of
writing, are ail like unto each other, and
indicate that the instincts of humanity,
like that of the lower grades of aulmalsof
the same class, runs in a similar groove
until civilization steps in with its number
less ramifications. The relic in the pos
session of the University ot Pennsylvania,
therefore, more than alm03t any other in,
existence, marks the link that binds for
ever the history of ancient and modertj
How They Say It.
Let us take this' sentence and sec hovr
it is spoken in various parts of the Country:
In New York The difference between
thcr North and .Sowtb carries with it
something about Which we can't tork whilo
traveling on the car's.
In Bostcm The dlf-fee-rens between thcr
Xawerth and Saouth kerries with It some
thing abowt which we carn't talk: while
travel-lag on the cars.
In Virginia Thedtttuns'tweenth'Xawtb
an Sowth ca'ies with it sttftipn abut
which we cau't talk w'He travHn.' on th
In South Carolina and Southern Geor
gia Th' fllfferns between th' Nawth an'
Suth ke'les with it sumtfchT abut w'ich
we carn't tawk whirl trovelin' on th" cars.
Away Down East Thee diff mice 'tween
th Nor-r-rth an' Saouth kayes with It
sump-thin abaout which we caia't tark
while travelin on the cars. New TorJs
"Now, boys," said the Sunday school
teacher, "who otyou can name the oldest
man that ever lived?"
Some guessed David and others said
Goliath and Samson, while onobrightllttle
fellow exclaimed: "George Washington."
"Oh, no, no. Methuselah was the oldest
man and lived over 900 years."
"Great Scott!" exclaimed one of the big
boys on the back seat. "What a snap ha
must have been for the lite insurance
companies." Atlanta Constitution.