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title: 'The times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, May 09, 1897, PART 2, Page 17, Image 17',
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THE MOEJSTffGr TIMES, SUNDAY, MAT 9, 1S97.
- r tiO-
- The strained relations which have ex
isted among Uic leaders of tlie different
, factions of organized labor in tbc Dis
trict lor a year or more have been for
tome time pasta matter of serious consid
eration by men 'prominent in local labor
circles. In fact, it may be tald that ttie
subject fs one of deep concern to tbe
executive officers of the national bodies
to which the several local bodies belong.
What the remote causes of the local dif
ferences are, or who or what faction is
either remotely or Immediately responsible
"for the present condition of affairs, is now
being Investigated by those who, it is
said, an endea'iorlng to formulate M)ine
scheme to bring about a reconciliation
among the different factions The differ
ences, it is said, are as much the result
of personal likes and dislikes among the
leaders as to a difference of opinion vx
to methods and principles. Personal nmhl-"
tions and the promotion or individual In
terests, it is said, are more to blame for
the disruptions which have taken place of
late years than anything else. In fact, it
is claimed to be very noticeable to those
who have given the matter thoughtrul
consideration that in every iustauce where
a dissolution or disintegration of anj of
tlie local labor organizations bus taken
place the cause can be traced to peisoual
dlVfeieuces among the local leaders.
"However tins may be, the mure conserva
tive members of organized Jabor in Wash
ington have decided that all Influence and
respect will soon be lost if the internal
warfare does not cease This fratricidal
warfare, they say, if continued, can have
only one result, the total extermination of
one or more of the factions, but more
probably the annihilation of all of them
Seeing this condition of affairs staring
them m tlie face, tlie conservative lead
ers have determined to makt an earnesi
effort to reconcile the fractious elements
and organize the wage-earners of tin, Ids-
- triot into one body, irrespective of their
Work along this line, it is understood,
has, already begun, and the promoters of
the scheme are much pleased with what
has so far been accomplished- They do
not, however, expect to find plain SHlling
in every direction, especially when indi
viduals and organizations are called upon
to abandon principles and associations,
which t!ie have been loyal to and battled
for for j ears- Difficult as this may be,
tlie conservative clement of organized la
bor m the city feel confidentthatjtcan and
will be accomplished, and, further, that It
is the only way in which the organized
workmen can regain the power anil influ
ence they once possessed- The plan sug
gested by the friends of the consolidation
ideals simple, and, briefly put, means that
there shall be only one central body or
clearing-house for grievances.
Tbc promotersof the centralization scheme
maintain that the very existence of four
central 1 odics in thU city is, in a meas
ure, a bid for strife among the local or
ganizations. It is the holding out to them
of the temptation of a taJe place of
refuge, where they will alwaj be given
a cordial reception in the event of their
leaving their own organization, no mat
ter for what cause. Tlie single centra!
body, it is contendcd would do away with
all such assurances and thereby make the
.members us well as their affiliated trades
more careful and considerate of the rights
and privileges of each other.
It is pvo posed that the new central
:ody shall take the place of District As
lembly No 60, Knights of Labor: the local
Federation of Labor, the Central Labor
Union and the Building Trades Council.
To accomplish this It will be necessary to
persuade the leaders in these organiza
tions to step down -and out, and fall in
with the rank Atid file, or be beheaded for
the good of the cause. It is understood
ihat the majority of the officers in the
existing central bodies have statd that
Jlicy would willingly rcsigu their j.osi
Stons to secure a closer union of the labor
forces or the city. While the action of the
leaders in this matter will no doubt have
rreat influence in directing the course
5X tlie rank and file, still it will not nec
ssaiily have any weight In shaping the
jolicy of the new body, for It Is understood
that none of the old leaders shall cither
ask lor or be elected to any office in tbe
new central body.
The -greatest difficulty the promoters of
the scheme for the organization of the new
central body will have to meet and ovei
;omc will be the Tveanlng of many of the
)ocnl organizations from their national
affiliations Of course, it is not to be ex
pected thatthelocallabor bodies shall sever
their connections with the national trade
organizations, but simply the affiliations
with the one or other of the two great na
tional labor bodies. This would leave the
local unions and assemblies intact, so far
ns their national trade bodies are con
cerned So it is contended that the local
boiilcs will lose nothing by giving their
.support to this new scheme for the generar
advancement of the Interests of the work
men of the District, liven if the under
taking should prove a complete failure
thf members of organized labor or the in
dividual Iwdies to which they belonged 1
would bj In no way in any worse position
than ?it present.'
It is also contended Dy the friends of
the scheme that this method or unification
of "the interests or all the organizations
willlend a strength to each separate liody
which theycould gainunder noothersystem
of combination. The central body, itis sug
gestc.l. shall be made up ofdelcgateschosen
by the different affiliated unions and as
scmblics on a basis of membership.
This plan -will, of course, give the
strongest organizations the greatest num
ber of representatives on the floor or the
Central Council, but it is proposed to keep
these in check and place all organizations
on an equal footing on the board of final
resort, which will be composed or an equal
- numlHjr of delegates from each union or
The new body, itis said, will lie governed
on democratic principles, and In all cases
the decision of the majority shall be
of -nil interested to depose the present
local leaders, will make the promotion of
cliques and rings nearly impassible, not to
say quite Ineffectual If formed.
) One of the cardinal principles of the now
central body, which Is generally favored, is
thaToalyoneorganizsition or any erartshall
be recognized. In instances where there
are two or more unions of the snme craft in
Ihe city they shall be reorganized into one,
the majority of the membcrsingood standing
determining all matters relative to national
Hurled Under n Giving Bank.
- A bank caved In Fridcy afternoon on
Twenty-fifth street, between P and G
streets northwest, and burled Clagett Uy
eoii, a. colored laborer, under several lorcfl
of earth. He was dug out and removed to
the Emergency Hospital, where it was
found, to the wonder of those who saw the
embankment fall upon him, that he was
not seriously injured. Dyson lives at No.
847 C street southwest.
A PLEA FOR LABOR
And n History" of Their Relations to
Industry, Society and Government:
JLnst In ner.
1'rof. Rogers characterized the contest
between the capitalist and the laborer as
a warfare; and if this term is a proper
one.it Is the longest war of which we have
any record. The strike has oeeu one of
the means of carrying on this war. The
strike is the laborer's weapon, and the
lockout is the capitalist's strike. Both
are ubed as weapons to secure a victory,
by so involving the other party in losses
that the dispute will be abandoned. As a
general rule, thelaboreris at disadvantage
in these contests; foe. the capitalist is al
ways u small and, closeorganizatlon, fenced
iu by law and protectedljy precedent, Jiav
ing the ear 6f tlte authorities; while the
laborer is too apt Eo be a mob; probably
a wcC-inlcnUoncd mob, but a mob never
theless, upon which the law frowns. Even
if the mob is .well organized, its -member
ship is voluntary, and it is a much less
efficient tool for the work to be done
than the capitalist's organization. It lias
often happened that the skill and disci
pline of the few have put the many to
TlighU The great difficulty with the strik
ers is to provision the laborers, and often
they have been compelled to abandon a
just cause from sheer stnivatlon.
Strikes have been opposed more because
of the violence attending them than for
any other reason. Secret and open out
rages have often been committed by strik
ing men; oflener for revenge than to ad
'auce the cause of the strikers. Every
friend of the working peojile must deplore
the commission of outrages, but the wonder
is that there has not been more of them.
That secret and open outrages had their
origin in the revengeful feelings of men
who believe they had been wronged and
had no legal redress, is proven by the
fact, that when conditions have been im
proved the outrages have ceased.
In considering the violence accompany
ing strikes, one must take into account the
degrading and brutalizing effect of the
long years of oppression undjer which" the
laborer lived and suffeied. "For more
than two centuries and a half," says 1'rof.
Rogers, "the English law, and those who
administered the law, were engaged in
grinding the English workman down to
the lowest pittance, in stamping out every
expression or act -which Inoicated oigau
Ized discontent, and in multiplying penal
tiesuponhim when he Uioughtofhis natural
rights." This was the policy of the
governing power in England, and that of
other countries was much moie tyrannical
and much moio successful In degrading
the people And it is noteworthy, as show
ing the temper of the governing authori
ties at all times, that in the fourteenth
century, Edward, the Black Trinee, com
mander of the -English aimies, and Captal
de Euche, commander of the French armies,
suspended hostilities and Joined their
forces to put down the revolting peasants
of France, and that the Duke of Guise, tn
the sixteenth century, while a prisoner of
Charies V ot Germany, with whom France
was-at war at the time, assisted the Ger
man forces In the "peasants' war" to
subdue the peasantry, engaged in as holy
a cause as ever animated man. The con
test between the nobility ond common peo
ple, between the man made prosperous
through privilege and the favoritism of
the law and the slave made to diudgc and
support the prosperous man by law, has left
Its impression upon both, and those who
wish to Judge righteously or deal Justly
iimt take the past into consideration in
forming an opinion of the riesent conflict
between capitalist and Iaboier.
When violence has occur red fiom causes
affecting labor, not unseldom the men com
mitting It -were not members of oignnized
labor, and when it has oecuned during
strikes of organized laborers, not tinsel
dom has it been committed by men who
were not connected with laLor movements,
and often under such suspicious circum
stances that may have been led to be
lieve that it was Instigated by capitalists
to bring ttre strike into disrepute.
Labor organizations dislike striking,
and always endeavor to avoid strikes
Messrs. Thomas Hughesana Frederick Har
rison, members of the English Parliament,
in 1S67, inn paper will eh evers-one should
read who wishes to be informed on the is
sues involved dissenting from the report
of the royal commissionof which they
were members that lnestigaled the
unions of that day, in England, say: "it
appears that the ftiongest, richest and
most extended of all the onions are to be
roundinthose trades in which the wagesand
hours of labor show the greatest per
manence, and in widen, on the whole, the
fewest disputes occur. Ontheother
hand the strikes are shown to be the most
frequent, and certainly the least orderly,
where the union has acquired no real
command overt he workmen, or IssTruggling
Whatever has happened in The past, in
the Tuture strikes will occur less and less
frequently. Conciliation will be more re
sorted to, and arbitration will come to set
tle disputes if both partier. are put upon
equal vantage ground. And when the
wonngkmeifs right of combining is ac
knowledged, anj a disposition is shown to
treat with them, and treat them as equals,
having their whole means of living, and
therefore their lives and hnpplness'honnd
op in the prosperity of the trades in which
they are engaged, they will pay greater
attention to their employers' interests,
which are the same a.s their own, and
will unite with him in eliminating waste
from the processes of production and dis
tribution. George Howell tells us that in
Belgium, 600 years ago, the workers in
the cloth trade, "by their delegates, hail a
voice in making the ordinances of their
trade, even In the supervision or labor and
fixing the proportion of their pay.''
And employers might well find it to their
interest to take counsel of their employes,
Tor there are many able men among them,
who are capable or reasoning logically,
and whoseinformntion in regard to matters
connected with their trade tvould be or
real value to their employers.
Employers have much to unlearn as well
as to learn, and many prejudices to be
got rid or. Too many of them have the.
blind malice of the treasurer of h cotton
mill in New England, who, being asked
by his employes to make an alteration iu
the scale paid them to their advantage,
said: "1 saw that mill built, stone by
Mone. 1 saw the pickers, the carding ma
chines, the spinning mules and the looms
put into it one after another, and I would,
see every machine and stone crumble and
fall lo the floor before. I would accede to
your wishes " "Xct the mill at the time
was earning handsome dividends. It Is
such a spirit as this which causes strikes,
which end In violence and loss or property
and life- A Just and more considerate
spirit on the part of employers would not
only lessen the mimlier of strikes, but the
evils accompanying them-
I have been unable to ascertain what
were the liours of labor during the middle
ages. It probably had been the custom
for all who owed labor to lords, as well as
for all wlK worked by the day or week,
to go to work before breakfast in the
morning and have time for breakfast,
lunch in the forenoon and afternoon, din
ner at noon, taking supper after they were
through their work at night. George
Howell is of the opinion that during the
middle ages workmen were employed in
actual la bor about ten hours a day. In the
winter time their hours of labor were con
siderably shortened, and It Is doubtful if
they liad time for lunch between meals
The rule as to working hours probably
varied according to locality- ItlS claimed
that the mines at Lead Hill, Scotland,
were opened in the thirteenth century. It
is certain that the miners ond smelters at
Lead Ilillouly worked six hours a day, until
this century, when, for a short time, they
worked eight hours, but that not being
satisfactory- the former hours were re
stored, ntid now all employed there, some
250 men, are employed six hours a day.
Frof. Roger, states it as his opinion that
during the Iattervpart of the fourteenth,
and the whole of the fifteenth and in the
sixteenth century, until the death of
Henry VIII, the workmen were only em
ployed eight hours a day, and that if he
worked more hours he was payed for over
time. He found that men were paid for
overtime, which it would not have been
possible for them to have made had they
worked longer than eight, liours, and that
when they were paid 7d u day, when they
made ovcitlme they were paid Id. au
hour. The statement of the law 11 Henry
VII -quote"!! iy Eden, in his history of the
poor, vol. 1, p. 75, showb that workmen had
uotlK-'en working former liours.
It opens thus. "And, furthermore, where
divers artificers and laborers, retained to
work and serve, waste much pait of the
day and deserve not their wages, some time
in late coining to their work, eaily depart
ing therefrom, long sitting at breakfast, at
their dinner, at their noon meat and long
time sleeping at afternoon, to the loss and
hurt of such persms as the said artifieeis
und laborers be retained with at service;"
andthe law permits the employers to abate
the employes wages for the time lost by the
latter. Evidently the law could not be en
forced, for it was repealed in 1-197, two
years after Its passage. The act or 5 Elim
beth, c 4, 15611, fixed practicnlly the same
hours as: that of Henry VII, but it forced
workmen to work the full time pi escribed
"upon pain to lose and forfeit one penny
for every hour's absence, to be deducted
and defaulkcd out of his wages that should
so ofrend." Fror. Rogers was or opinion
that even under this law the hours woiked
were not greater than eleven. The law
provided that "Between the midst of Sep
tember and the midst of March" the work
men "shall be and continue at their work
from the spring of the day In tbe morning
nntll the night of the same day, except It be
iu the time before appointed for breakrast
and dinuer." Agricultural laborers worked
. probably the same hours, but the hours rt
even sixty yeais ago they worked from
5 o'clock In the morning until 9 o'clock
at night. Even children were employed
these hours until comparatively recent 1
times, the managers saying that they could
not compete In the markets of the w rld
If they weie not permitted to make such
demands upon the women and children cm
ployed by them. There seemed to be no
regular time for meals- in factories, the
workmen running out when they could
catch the time, and often eating their meals
while at work.
The contention or laborers ror the last
half or this century has 1 een for fchortcr
hours, and they have been able to secure
them. In England the average working
hours in the week is said to be fifty-four,
many worcing eight hours, and none being
engaged longer than twelve hours In any
one day, with halC a hollduy on Saturday.
In the United States, until about fifty
years ago, the laborers worked from sun to
sun, when ten hours becamea day's work
Tor mechanics and laborers. The man
agers or cotton and woolen factories have
been able to maintain longer hours. As
flic result or 1 he agitation for shoiter lioiirs'J
many workmen areworking nine and eight
hours, and in some localities they have
several hours orr Saturday afternoon. -
In Government cmploiucnt and on Gov
ernment work the work day is eight hours
and has been since 1SG3. Rut the law
was not enforced strictly until a pentlty
was added In 185)2. The average number
of liours worked In the Tnltcd States lh
said to be firty-slx. An effort Is now
being made to have eight hours a dayb
work in all trades, with a fair prospector
success. - ,jjjj
Employers aver that they cannot (iontbwcT
business ir hours are reduced. Thty haj;y
urged this reason again and again, when
the employes askeJ ror higher wages ov
shorter hours. Of course, employers must
have a profit or they will not continue bus
iness and tlie continuity or lar-or wm be
destroyed, hut employers have rais-cd
tliis cry too ortcn, and It lias been fa 15
fle'J as often as it has been etup. When
theltw sought to prevent employers work
ing girls and boys even nine years old
from 5 In the morning until 9 at night,
they said they could not compete in the
nurkcts ot the world ir the boms or the
ehllilren were shoitened. When the work
men of this country fifty years ago de-'
manded a ten-hour day, they averred It
would close the "workshops and factories.
That powder has been burned before, and
It cannot be burned again with any effef t.
The employers may not be censured for
again setting up this plea, but no one is
compelled to believe them, and they will
not be believed. The hours of labor will be
icducedto eight hours alay, and ntllltherc
willbea fair profit to the employcrand fair
wages to the laborer
The use of Improved machinery has un
doubtedly benefited the laboring people
as it has all other classes, but the costs of
its introduction, like the cosjt of Wars, have
tieen borne almost entirely by working peo
ple But iu no case have these hopes bern
realized, but the reverse has been the case,
as was proven by the introduction of ma
chinery for spinning and weaving. The
mined and the wages of those attending
men will favor improved machinery, but
they will insist that the cost of its intro
duction nnd the profits arising from its
use shall be more equitably distributed.
The history of labor among English
speakingpeopleisan account of the progress
of the larger portion of the people Trom
slavery toward freedom. In the strife
which accompanied thlsprogressthe govern
ment has generally been on the sade of the
wealthier classes, because they -wore prac
tically the government. Itis still on their
side, especially the Judicial iiortion or it,
which seems to be tbe last to reel ttie effect
of new forces Full freedom is still refused
to the working classes, and they cannot
expect to exercise It until by education, by
familiarity with the workings of govern
ment, byincreased mental power, wliicli the
habit of mental application gives to those
whoexereisetheirlnlcllectual faculties, they
arc competent to conduct government.
At their meetings, in their organiza
tions, in tlie transaction of the business
of their local, and particularly their na
lional organizations, they are exercising
their mental powers and making prcpara
tioasfor the time coming when the burdens
or government Is sure to be put uron theli
shouldeis They now command a vantage
giound which cannot be taken. Having
broken the heavier chains that bound them,
the films of the law that now impede their
full action, they will soon brcakas Sampson
broke his bonds when told the Philistines
were upon him. They have only "still
daily to grow wiser" iu experience md
stronger in organization, and the diffi
culties which beset them will be oveicouiR
and the youth they shall educate shall
bs equipped to overcome the difficulties
of their day. They have but to remember
"Hind will rule and muscle yield
In senate, ship or field
When they've skill their strength to wield"
the scepter of power will pass into their
hands, and the destinies of the world, under
God.be in their keeping.
II. M. BEADLE.
$1.25 To Baltimore nntl He- $1.25
turn vJh Pennsylvania Railroad.
Tickets will be sold Saturday and Sun
day, May 8 and 0, and valid for return
passage until Monday, May 1 0. Good on
any train. my4,5,G,7,8e3,C,7 ,8,9m )
DESKKTED FARMS IX KANSAS.
Sad Lot of Farmers iu the Western
Part of the State.
There are deserted counties and towns
and farms In Weslem KansaB. It is pos
sible to ride 100 miles through the counties
of Stanton, Grant, Haskell, Morton, Stev
ens, and Seward without seeing a farmer at
workiii thefields. Yet time was when there
was some sort of a habitation on most
every quarter and a mortgage for $5 on
every acre. The mortgage aloue remains.
The money secured by mortgage has been
spent, the gilded promises of a rich agricul
tural country have come to naught, the
pialrle schooner has carried the settlers
hence, leaving the vast tract to prairie
dogs and a few hardy cattlemen. Recently
Eastern papers have sent newspaper men to
explore this shortgr'pBs country, and the
few persons they have found to Interview
expressed tbe hoiie'uut they would not
endeavor to work tip another boom.
Thereare JusteJgliteen people In the four
towns of WoodsdnlCi Moscow, Springfield,
and Fargo Springs There are unoccupied
houses, aitdin some instances gapingcellars
assertthatthehouses'jiave been takenaway
by the persons ivlip owned them. In the
balmy days thercqunty scat fights made
the. now deserted. towns lively enough. It
Ts really true that In one Instance the court
house was kept on wheels and was hauled
to and from rival Jowns, guarded by armed
men like the ark of tjie covenant
A man whoowns a cattlerauclrinSewurd
county is doing o well since the crowd
left that he resents the appearance ot
travelers. He ownsa vast amount of land
nnd uses all he washes ot the country for
a cattle range. When some one deplored the
passing of the once prosperous days and
iwpulous times he observed that lie hoped
they would never return; that there Tvere
plenty enough people in that country now.
He has several hundred head of cattle
jiossihly thousands. He doesn't feed them
any grain, and they look out for themselves,
grazing on the short grass, which gives the
Western Kansas eountryits name a name
which suggests hardship, solitude, heart
ache, and disappointment. By fall the
cattlcare marketable, butln the wlnterand
spring they look like the razor-backed hog
of South Carolina or the bilious ,ilde-iind-seck
cow of Florida. Jn the boom times
the farmers subscribed money to hire
brass bauds to play at town lot sales.
Tliat's one way they bpend their mortgage
money. And now the few who remain in
the hopeless West would not recall the
tioom days if they could. They have got
down to bed rock and know they can't
borrow another cent? that what they make
lb theirs; thatcattlvuilone may tiring tliem
money enough to get back to better living
nfteT awhile. There isn't a bank anywhere
to tide them over. But the air is pure, the
wateris good, the windmills pump all the
cattle can drink, there is enough for the
ranchers to eat, and there is only one
pauperlii the district, and she is a helpless
The traveler hasa hard time of it.
The public places, arc 111 kept- The
editor of the Emporia Gazette recently
stopped at a hotel-in Turun and asked
the publican this question: "Why in
the name of dyspepsia do keepers ot
Jim-crow taverns copy the faults of big
hotels by trying to serve side dishes?
There is always the same fare at the
dinky hotel table- The beef is boiled
dry as a chip, the potatoes are watery,
the canned corn Is freckled and yellow,
the warmed-over tomatoes look as if
painted on the dish, they are such a
gory, insipid red blotch." At Hugoton,
the editor says, "a w.oman has Just
opened a hotel in" family style. She
served - boiled potatoes, chicken, hnin,
baked beans, apple sauce and pie."
Strange 'that in. a' cuttle country there
is no fresh meatrThe woman told the
Gazettes editor, t hilt she had intended to
bake a calre for dinner, but that morning
she had wasHcilfor her family, had
-.aXeJ Kuvente..n"ia.vfS or tjreiiu. -tome or
tlie nHglrtiofSrfiftttelped to take care of
a sick woma'n.art.dfad been on her rest all
morning hadn't'Salown except ror a cup
orcorreeand a hiyot oread so the morn
ing hadslippednwayberoreshe knew it and
Mic didn't get time to bake the cake Sh"
Is an old-rashloned woman with four or
five children to take care of In addition
to her guests. Sle makes Ire r own yeast
hnd spreads It on the spare bed to dry She
said there was -nothing to do but work
No fclMW6 to see, no church .socials to ga
to, and chiirclt services only twice each
ihon th. 0 hicago limes-Herald .
Mrs. Best-Friend What do you think,
Clara, that horrid Miss -Backbite said that
she didn't believe- you wore your own
hair. " , .
Bobby -Yes; but my mamma said she
lmcw It was youTs, 'cause she tvaw you pay
for it. -Cew York Times.
Old Lady I want to git some seed fer
my grass plat.
Dealer Yes, ma'am: any particular kind?
Old Lady Well, I was thinkin'of tryln
that "mardl grass" they use down iu ?6o
Orleans. Philadelphia Record.
At midnight, in Ms guarded tent,
The Turk lay dreaming of the hour
When Greece, her knee In suppliance bent.
Should tremble at Us power;
In dreams, through camp and court he bore
Tlie trophies of n conqueror;
In ureams, his song or triumph heard;
Then wore las monarch's signet ring;
Then pressed that monarch's throne a king;
As wild bis thoughts, and gay or wing,
As Eden's garden bird.
At midnight, In the rorest shades,
Bozzaris ranged his Sullote baud,
True as the steel or their tried blades,
Heroes in heart aud hand.
There bad the Persian's thousands stood;
There had the glad earth drunk their blood,
On old Plataca's day;
And now there breathed that haunted air
The sons of sires who conquered there,
With arm to strike and soul to dare,
As quick, as far( as they.
An hour passed on: the Turk awoke;
That bright dream was his last,
lie woke to hear lis sentries shriek:
"To arms', they come! the Greek! the
He woke, to die midst flame and smoke,
And shout, and groan, and saber stroke,
Aud lenth-shots falling thick and fast
As lightnings from the mountain cloud,
-And heard, with voice as trumpet loud,
Bozzaris cheer his band: t
"Strike! till the last armed foe expires;
Strike! ror your altars and your fires; '
Strike! for the green graves of yoursiresL'
God, and your native land!"
Tluy fought like brave met, long and well;
They piled that ground with Moslem
Thc.y conquered "but Bozzaris fell,
Bfceding at every vein.
His few surviving comrades saw
His smile when rangtheir loud hurrah.
And the red field was woa;
Then saw In death- his eyelids close,
Valmly as to a night's repose
Like flowers at setof sua.
Come t6 the bridal chamber, Death!
Point. tt IJir wt:li, whim chr fila
For the first time, her first-bora's breath; (
Come whea the blessod seals
That close the pestilence are broke,
And crowded cities- wail its stroke;
The earthquake shock, the ocean stbrm;
Come -when the heart beaSa high and warm
W'th banquet toigaidd i y, aad wine;
And thou are terrible the tear.
The groan, the knell, the pall, the bier,
And all we know, or dream, or fear,
Of agony, are thine.
But to the hero when his sword
Hath won the battle "for the free,
Thy voice sounds like 'a prophet's word.
And in its hollow tones' are heard.
The thanks of millions ver, to be.
tS;Fitz- Green Halleck.
JSW NATIOXAI. TMKATKK.
Wednesday and Saturday Matinees
At Popular Prices.
Direction of WM. R. ILA.YDEN".
...."And as a hen gathereth lier chickens
under her wings.'' Matt. xxlll:37.
A Pastoral Comedy Drama
by Daniel L, Hart.
Founded on a Novel by OriE READ.
LEMUEL JDCKLIN MR. ROBSON
"He believes In the Book from
kiver to klver, but can't help
EXTRA Next Week.
MoLday, Tuesday and "Wednesday nights,
and Saturday Matinee,
"FOR BONNIE PRINCE CHARLIE."
Their latest success.
"ROMEO AND JULIET."
"AS YOU LIKE IT."
VT KEEN AN & RIFE, Managers.
Regular Matinees Wednesday and Satur
day at '2.
WEEK OF MAY 10.
LAST TVEEK OF THE REGULAR
Return Engagement of thePbcndmenaland
The Greatest Colored Show on Earth,
50 in the Company. Bweet est Singers,
Cleverest Comedians ond Dancers.
15, 25, 50, and 75 cents.
Next "Week The Uuckler Stock Company
In "Our Boys."
The World's Greatest Violinist
Seats, 50c, 75c, S1.00, $1 50. Boxes,
SO 00 Seats nt.w on sale Lox office
men at 3 o'clof k today
May 17-0penlng of SrAIMER SEASON
COLUMBIA .STOCK COMPAN .
More new views added for tonight's
See the great cavalry charge; the won
derful sabre fight, the spirited Cossack
drill, together with many others. AU
the most thrilling views ever presented.
Exhibited For the First
Witness this marvelous entertainment
before tlie Great American Biograph closes
Sunday. S 15 p. m. Dally, 2:30, 4:30
and 8.15 p. m.
A Magnetic Island.
The Island of Eornholm, In the Ealtlc Sea,
belonging to Denmark, may be regarded
as a huge magnet, according to a descrip
tion in Dei Stein der Weisen, a Vienna
scientific periodical. "Although the
power of this magnet," says the writer,
"is not so great that It can draw the nalU
out of ships, as was told of the legendary
magnetic mountains that exerted an Irre
ikistible attraction on all vessels that came
in their vicinity, the magnetism of the
rocks on the islaud can cause a great deal
of trouble to ships in quite another way.
For tbe Island of Eornholm exerts such au
influence on tbe magnetic needle that it
may cause a vessel to turn aside from its
course. This is quite possible, as the
effect of Its magnetism is perceptible
at a distance of over nine miles " A
rocky reef near Eornholm is also of the
same magnetic substance. Baltimore Sun.
MONDAY UATIMCC6 WEDNESDAY
TUESDAY IV1A I IlllCiCi 1-RID AY
An Elaborate Production of W. Ellsworth Stedman'a Military Comedy-Drama,
Second and'Iast week engagement of the original
WITH A COMPLETE CHANGE OF PROGRAM.
This is positively the last opportunity ot seeing these remarkable ladies In
Lafayette Square House
J. W. AX.BAUGH Manager
"4th AVE13K OP Ol'JSKA IS ENGLISH
AND A NEW OPERA EACH WEEK.
Tomorrow Night and During the Week,
First Time in This City for Le3j Than g-J JQ of JacobawsSi's Comic Oera
. A. PERFECT PRODUCTION BY THE
CASTLE SQUARE OPiuBA CO. m
Positively the greatest and most ex
pensive production othls popular Opera
ever given in this ,city
Matinees Wed. and Bat. OKonA ft
Entire Kongo. 60 &UU. OVb
25 and 50c
A room has been especially prepared where
EICYCLES ARE CHECKED FREE.
Next Week, Grand Opera in English. 'CARMEN.
Direct from Phenomenal Run of 38 Weeks
in Louisville, Ky.
PKODUCTION FOR THE FIRST WEEK
THE L2U PARADISE.
FLYNfti & SHERIDAN'S
THE GRAND BALLET OF NATIONS.
Introducing Twelve Charming Girls in Character Dances.
AX ALL-STAR OLIO OF FEATURES.
iScxt WecK Oppcnheimer's Spectacle, "ZEBO.
SSS MAY 16
Will give their
LAST CONCERT OFTHEBEASONHERE,
Hiss Zora Gladys Horlocker Contralto
Prauleln Leontlne Gaertner 'Cellist
REGULAR SOUSA TRICES.
Sale opens Thursday. May 13.
AT NATIONAL PARK,
Game Called nt 4:30 p. m.
Admission 25 and 50c
ALL THIS WEEK.
NIXON & ZIMMERMAN.
AvTD Hen an EOT
YOU CAN'T tf ft-V BOY
PAY M02E M Zm r SEATS
TJAH I V IT0W
Entire lower Floor, bO an 5C
Balcony .. 23c
ALL SKA'!. S
Boxes, seating P, SI SO
Boxes, ssatmg 5, S3. 75
. Opening of the
WED. & SAT.
f Reserved Seats,
SmerPrtej25 and 5flt
2figlit at S.
Presenting tbe Perfection of Animated
A Series or 2sew and Interesting VleWa
Exhibited tor the First Time ia
The Phenomenally Great Female Contor
tionist. 2 PUHNY BURLESQUES 2
Eeplete with Tretty Giria, Appropriate
oraie Electrical Effects.
Glen Echo Chautauqua
Athletic Bicycle Park.
Take Electric Cars at 36th st. and Pro
The Green (P street) Electrics take joq
to the spot.
Most beautiful scenery in the District
In sight of the Totomac all the way.
At MARSHALL HALL,
SUNDAY, MAY 9,1897,
Ana every ttay during the month ot May.
Lames are especially invited on these ex
cursions. Steamer Charles Macalester -will
lerive Seventh street w harr on Sundays at
11 a. 111. and 2 30 p. m., leaving Marshall
Jiait at 1.10 ana 6:30 p. m. On -week
days -win leave Seventh street wharf at
iu a. m. and Z; 30 p. m., returning reaches
the city at 2 15 ano p. in Faie. round
trip, a5 cents: dinner, 75 cents, including
the celebrated Marshall Hall Clam Chowder.
L. L. BLAKE, Captain.
Every day in the year for Fortress
Monroe. Norfolk, Newport News and
all point3 South by the superb, pow-
crful steel palace steamers "New-
port News," "Norfolk" and "Wash-
lngton," on the following schedule:
Lv. WasU'Rton 7:03 pm
Lv. Alexandria") pm
Ar. Ft Monroe BtfO am
Ar. Norfolk... 7:10 am
Ar. Portsin'tlu 8:00 sin
Lv. Portsin'th. 5:i0 pm
Lv. Norfolk G:10 pin
Lv. FUMonroe 7: 0 pm
Ar. Alexand'j. CyO am
Ar. Wash'Rton 0: 0 am
t Visitors to Chambcrlln's new hotel.
"The Hygela," and Virginia Beach
will find this tbe most attractive
route. Insuring a comfortable night's
Largo and luxurious rooms heated
by steam and fitted throughout with
electric lights. Dining room service is
a In carte, nnd is supplied from the
best that the markets of, Washington
ami Norfolk afford.
Tickets on 6ale at U. S. Express
office, 817 Pennsylvania avenue; 513.
619, 1421 Pennsylvania avenue; B.
& O. ticket ortlce. corner 15th street
nnd New York avenue, and on board
- fiteaiiiere. where time table, map, etc,
can also b had.
Anj other Information desired will
be furnished on application to the ua-
derslgned at the "ronmany'e wharf.
foot of 7th 6t., Washington, D. Q.
Telephone No- 750.
JNO. CALLAHAN, General Manager.
NO DUST. NO DIRT.
"Quickest and Safest Route"
Dally (except Sunday) at 10 a. m. ana
2:3 p. m.: returning, reach the city at
2 and G p. m. FARE. ROUND TitIP, 50c
Admission to grounds. 2tc ELEUANT
CAFE ON THE STEAMER. Tickets. Wltlj
Mount Yeriion admission coupon, for sail
at "wharf and at hotels.
L. L. BLAKE, Captain.
TritMiivriTfii.iiTTnftTTa n ""- 'aiga&swyn- 3-