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THE 3IOENIJG TIMES SUNDAY, MAT 23, 1897.
THE TRUTH ABOUT GUSH
Spain Will Not Sell and Cuba
Will Not Buy.
T11E ADMINISTRATION POLICY
Ku Possibility of Driving a Uargaiu
Which Neither Side "Would Tol
erate Commissioner Calliouu
anil UK Foolifeli and Useless
To the Editor or The Times:
Tlie piopo.sal that Cuba sliall purchase
subterfuge invented for the purpose or de
" laying and evading effective action, or it
iHthet-illy baubling of gross and inexcusable
ignorance, both of the status of the war and
the national character of botii parties to the
The Cuban war is not wagedon cither side
for monetary objects, nor does it admit of
any termination otherwise than by the ex
pulsion of the Spaniards from the island, or
the death or incarceration of ttie last Cuban
who can Hie a thot or grasp an Inch or
steel. Spain would not sell Cuba, though
forever) grain or band on her coast millions
or gojd weie offered in exchange. The
Spapiar.l lias been term ;d u coward by the
press and by orators in Congress. If they
use tlnr word in the sense of cruel" or "im
placable" towards a weaker enemy it is
perhaps correctly applieJ, hut ir it is em
ployed in a sense implying timidity or lack
of r&nlution and valor It is mostegregious
ly " misapplied. Ko people are more dis
tinfgul.Mied for desperate, unriinching. In
domitable courage than the Spanish, and no
nation is so little influenced bj- considera
tions or prudence or material advantage
wllere they believe their national dignity,
pride, or honor to be involved. Spain h-oks
upon Cuba as the last lelic or her ainient
glory, and no government could exist in
Spain for twenty-four hours which would
even sem to listen with respectful ear to
a proposition for the barter of that island.
On the other hand, the Cuban General-iu-Ghief.
Mjximo Gomez, line announced to the
world the fixed determination ot the Cuban
patriots to refuse to buyjlieir freedom ex
cept a' tlieco'tof t heir bloo.l and bufferings.
"I do love thee so,
Tli.i. i willsiiorilytoend thy soul toheaven,
ir beavea will take the piesent at my
Tliis is the language of the Cuban to
the Spaniard, and rightly so. Can they
forget theii wasted homes, their ravithed
daughters, their starved, their jnangled,
tortured and murdered children? In such
a war as this there is no place for nego
tiations based upon pecuniary compensa
tion. The Cuban rejects the proposal
with abhorrence, hate and scorn; the Span
iard spurns it with indignant contempt.
There is no Cuban now alive, there is uo
true Spaniard on the face of the earth who
does not know and confess that the situa
tion and sentiments of the combatants ad-
mit of no accommodation. No American
who is comersant with Cuban affaiis is
Ignorant of the facts I have stated. "Why
does not the Administration know them?
Never have the halls of the American Con
gress witnessed a more pitiable exhibition
than the efforts of the opponents of the
recognition of Cuban belligerency to de
feat that measure at the bidding of a Presi
dent pledged to derend it. The bad faith,
the insincerity, the venal and servile
motives or the opposition, showed naked
through the paltry pretexts, the pettifog
ging quibbles, the wire-drawn distinctions
; and flimsy, gauze like, lame and lying
profession with which they fcought to de
feat the will o the American peopie, who,
in the opinion of these men, have neither
the sne-e to feel nor the courage to resent
repeated outrage, deception and wrong.
'Then I no evidence that a war exists
In Cuba " Elkins. "Columbus discovered
America. "Wellington. "Spain will
lay waste our coast." Hawley. "Spain
wilL search our vessels." Hoar. "Don't
steal the thunder of the Administration."
Spooucr "Don't be impolite to IVeyler "
Fairbanks "McKinley has something good
tip his sleeve he has sent a commissioner
to Havana, let him get back and we will
know alLnbout it " Jlitt. These, in bilef,
were the arguments employed against the
Moigan resolution. Was-evei an indignant
and enlightened people legnled with such
nauseous, puerile, despicable trash?
Mr. Hilt, who is, evidently by nature,
honest and sincere, and who is too fa
miliar with the facts to be deceived, was
fully sensible of the embarrassment of
the bituatiou forced upon him by mistaken
fealty to the Administration.
He knows that the American people de
mand immediate action In behalf of the
patriots of Cuba. He knows that the only
immediitc step now practicable is the
recognition of Cuban belligerency. He
knows the influences which labor to frus
trate the liberty-loving sentiments of the
people of this country. He knows how
futile and inexcusable are the pretexts for
delay. He knows that Spain will never
release Cuba for a money consideration,
and that Cuba will never consent to traffic
' with h"r bloody and relentless oppressors
-Mr. Hitt is fully sensible of the fact that
thc-senriing of Calhoun to Havana was a
foolish, useless and ridiculous step that
an American attorney, ignorant of the
laws, the language, the manners, habits,
character, and conditions of Cuba, can
not by a brief visit to Havana acquire any
Information which can be compared in
value with the reports of Consul General
Lee and of o"ur consuls in Cuba, most of
whom have been studying conditions and
gleaning information from the most re
liable sources for the last four years. Are
not these reports, the fruit of observation,
experience, special fitness, and opiwrtunity,
the highest and most original kind of evl
dence of which the nature of the case ad
mits? "Why send Calhoun? Why wait for
T bis report? Will the evidence of our ac
, credited official agents now on file at the
State Department, and the testimony of
numberless ej e- witnesses already published
to the world, derive any additional weight
from -the testimony of Mr. Calhoun? Or
t does the Administration suppose that It
- would be justified in accepting the report
of Mr. Calhoun as a satisfactory refutation
of the conditions alleged to exist by our
consular representatives and by the press?
These tire the "fantastic tricks before high
licaven." which Shakespeare referred to as
making "the angels weep."
31 li. ROHINSON" STATES HIS CASE.
A General Defense of the Govern
ment. Agricultural Iteparts.
To the Idilor of the Times:
A carefully wiitten editorial in The Times
or this morning (May 21) is earnest
the captious might even say fulsome
in its laudation of Mr. John Hyde, the In
coming statistician of the Agricultural De
partment. That so zealous an exponent
of Democracy us The Times should find so
much to glorify in an appointment by so
earnest a Republican as Secretary Wilson
Is suiely a noteworthy pioof of its disinter
estedness, and a triumphant vindication
of our party newspapers from the charge
of abandoning themselves to meie spoils;
nor would there be any disposition lo dis
turb it in its amiable raptures if It had
not seen fit to jar this sweet melody by a
not of harshest discord.
The editorial was headed "Discredited
Government Reports," and began witli an
attack on the. piesent management of the.
Agricultural statistical bervicc, of which
Mr Hyde is soon to be in command. This
attack contains, it is true, very little that
is tangible, though its insinuation that
the retiring statistician is not sufficiently
''trained, experienced, and competent" is
distinct enough. At one point, however,
tills vagueness becomes specific, and the
accusation against the Agricultural sta
tistics of the last few years embodies
itself in a emoted opinion that "all de
partment estimates of acreage for years
have been widly erroneous." In view of
the belief ingenuously professed by The
Times that the accession of the gentleman
"In charge of the Agricultural division of
the Eleventh Census" is going to cure ail
that, it is worth while tJ call particular at
teutlon to a few facts which Its reader.-
would otherwise be likely to overlook.
The first of these is that the department
statistician has no power to make an In
dependent determination ot the acreage
of any crop. The appropriation at iiis
disposal is altogether too small Tor the
payment or agents who will take the
trouble to make an exhaustive return;
so lie is compelled to depend on voluntary
correspondents for his information Nor
can he ask them to send reports in the form
of "so many acres in such a crop so many
in such another," for the plain reason that
if he undertook to use nucIi reports, lie
would find himself without half his acreage,
peihaps more than half, lert altogether out.
His reporters cannot be expected to go
over a country and get complete figures
without being paid for it; their figures,
therefore, by such a method would bo bure
to be incomplete. What can he do then?
Simply this, and this is what he does. I.'e
finds from his correspondents what t er
centage the acreage of this year, in the
territory for which they report, Is of last
year's acreage. He necessarily adopts the
percentages prevailing in those parts of a
State which send reports as applying also
to the rest or the State, and thus Terms his
State average percentage; he applies tils
percentage to the acreage reported Inst
year as a datum, and thus obtains this
year's acreage; and then he adds State
acreage to form a total for the country.
He might use a belter method, if he were
allowed money to compensate his county
reporters; with his present means he can
not. Nor could he. even If he had once been
in charge or a division t.r the census. To
expect that the new statistician, or any
possible statistician, can step in and "re
organize the statistical foicb at ids com
mand," when presto! "IT success and
confidence do notresultlt will be strange,"
is simple nonsense.
Secondly It must be pointed out how
the acreage figures are derived in the
first pUce. If this year's acreage depends
on last, l.ist year's on the year before, and
so on, how can we ever come to a definite
return from which to make a start? This
necessary foundation is furnished by this
decenuial census, of course. To the acre
age Tor 1870 given by the tenth census, the
percentages of relative acreage returned
each year were successively applied, and
they led to a report for the whole country
of 38,123,?r9 acres under wheat in 1SS9.
The eleventh census reported the same
acreage as 33,579,514, and this gave an
altogether independent starting pJnt for
subsequent rercentages. Of late years tiie
returns of wlieatacreage have all depended
ou these eleventh census figures, and they
will doubtless continue so to depend until
another census has been taken.
Thirdly Attention must be called to the
precise facts with regard to the dissatis
faction of "the large commercial and
mercantile constituency," spoken of in
The Times editorial, with Government
estimates of wheat acreage and produc
tion. Take up any number of the Clnrin
natl Price Current, and find the table
in which the alleged delinquencies of the
Agricultural Department's statistics aie
set forth Observe, first, that the ac
cepted wheat product for 1889 is given
as 490.000,000 bushels or more, the
Census return of 468,373,968 bushels be
ing disregarded. Observe, next, that
the years when the official returns for
annual wheat crops are said to be deficient
begin with 1890, and, include every year
since, under -agricultural statisticians of
both political schools. That Is to say,
the very acreage that displeases the
Price Current, Dun'B Review, etc., arc
exactly those that depend on the census
figures of Mr. Hyde. The Times thus
when it "calls the attention or those
interested to a radical change of policy
in respect to the work criticised," gravely
assumes that those finding faulc with
necessary conclusions from that gentle
men's census figures, will at once be reas
sured and silenced by official conclusions
deduced and promulgated by the gentle
Fourthly It must not le forgotten that
all these accusations of insufficient acre
age, whether in Dun's Review or elsewhere,
are founded on a hypothesis as to wheat
consumption which falls far short of veri
fication. They tell us that the reported
production falls to correspond with its
"distribution," without telling us that
the most Important part of this calculated
distribution the amount consumed as food
in tills country, is little better than a guess
Reports reach us from so many quarters
that millers are mixing more and more corn
with the wheat they grind as flour an ad
mixture which if made under proper pre
cautions is not hurtful and Is difficult of
detection that our country could easily
consume less and less wheat per inhabitant
without becoming worse and worse nour
ished. For that reason and others, for which
there is not space, we cannot say exactly
how much wheat our fellow-citizens eat,
so that the "distribution" on which all
these critics depend may easily be mislead
ing. If The Times had confined itself to a
discreet rejoicing over the success of Mr.
Hyde in gaining a desirable office, there
would have been no complaint, and this
statement of factsneed not have been made.
Only because it made Its congratulation an
ocrnslon for attacking other people, Is it
thought desirable to say so much with a
view to correcting It.
HENRT A. ROBINSON.
.Cnhlrssrnm of Two Great Generals.
Elassona, April 21. Gen. Weyler: My
army advances upon the Greeks. Have
3'ou any suggestions as to the plan of cam
paign? - EDHEAI.
navana, April 22. Edhem Pasha: Burn
a hospital. WEYLER.
Larissa, April 26. Gen. Weyler: Have
won a great battle. What is the best
method of following up a victory?
Havana, April 27. Edhem Pasha: KiU
the women. WEYLER.
Larissa, April 29. Gen. Weyler: My
troops are only pagan Turks. They will
kill only In battle. EDHEM.
Havana,-April 30, Edhem Pasha: The
art of war Is sadly neglected by heathen
nations. Learn how from me.
Larissa, April 30 (evening). Gen. Wey
ler: I will continue to be a heathen.
A Little Kindergarten Girl.
A little girl about four or five years old
was enjoying a slide upon the sidewalk,
when, to her consternation, her heels flew
up, and she fell with great force usxn the
A lady who was passing saw the accident
and ran to the child's assistance. She
picked ber up, brushed the snow from her
clothes, and asked kindly:
" Ycu poor little mite, how did you fall?"
The tiny child looked up into her kind
friend's face, and, with the tears stream
ing down her cheefcB, sobbed:
"Vertically, ma'am!" Boston Journal.
BRAIN AND BRAWN.
During the past week more or lesa doubt
lias been expressed by some of the would
be local labor leaders as to Mr. James P.
McHugh's position lelative to the "cen
tralization" scheme, as defined in The
Times on last Sunday. As stated in this
column last week, Mr. McHugh strongly
favored thcconsolldatlonof the labor forces
of the Distrirtunder one head, and to show
that he is in earnest m what he says, is the
first of the labor leaders to step down and
out for the benefit of the causa.
Mr. McHugh was seven consecutive limes
chosen president of the local Federation
of Labor, ami during all this time has been
helJ in the highest esteem, not only by the
work'lugmen allied with the Federation,
but tho;e connected with the other labor
bodies In Washington. He la aNo secretary-treasurer
of the National Stone
Cutters' Union, and is thoroughly posted
ou the labor problem.
In talking of the several central labor
bodies In this city Mr. McHugh said:
"I think they are the most demoralized
bodies ot men I have ever seen in my life.
1 have been in the labor movement ..ver
twenty-rive years, and following my trade
of stone cutting, have traveled all over
the United States and Canada; there
fore, have had an unlimited experience
in many places, but never did I see .alor
that was so thoroughly organized as It is
In tills city, and yet bo incapable of ac
complishing any good. This heiplebsn.'ss
Is all caused by the rival central bodies.
Why, they are so utterly helpless here
that nota single tiling can be accompli shed
by either, and In my opinion the woratiea
ture of the whole matter is the injustice
it does to large business men, building en
terprises, etc. Now, a case in point. Take,
for instance, the construction ot the Con
sumers' BrcweryatRossIyn.Va. The board
or directors were annoyed almost beyond
human endurance by committees from the
different central labor organizations, each
with the claim that they represented the
legitimate union men, and that the elders
were scabs, etc. Labor committees have
no right to annoy business men with de
mands for recognition, cr to dictate to
them how they are to manage their
business until they learn how to manage
"Another example is the steamboats run
ning to tiie liver resorts. What an in
terna! imposition upon these companies;
here are men who have thousands and
thousands of dollar invested Inn property,
and by close attention to thei t business, fair
dealing to their employes and the public
have built up a &plendld patronage, amino
doubt are making some money, and now
step in two rival labjr organizations, who,
through quarrels, which the steamboat
owners are hi no way responsible for,
threaten to rulu their business by a
boycott. Here fancy the reasons:
"One faction waits oa a captain and de
mands thatthey sliall be given employment
to the excbiKlon of the other, accompanied
by the tin eat of boycott if their requests
arc not granted. Tlese are immediately
followed by the other fellows, who say if
you don't employ us we will boycott you.
Then tiie captain hits on a happy compro
mise, and replies tint lie will recognize
both parties and give employment" to each.
No, that won't satisfy them; it's rule or
luin. What a farce! What an Imposition
on employers wlio really mean right, but
factional fights between rival organiza
tions make it impossible for them to do so;
and no matter what side he employs he is
put on the unfair list by the other "
In reply to the query of the reporter as
how to remedy this condition of affairs
Mr. McHugh promptly replied:
"One central laltor body and less labor
leaders. How can it be done? By the
men who hnve be-m at the head or the four
central liodies stepping down and permit
ting those who are willing to settle ex
Isting differences to take their places, so
that organized labor in tne District will
again respect itself and others will respect
it. It's all folly to say that it is im
possible to organize one central body It
can he done and on strictly union lines
Every organization can be represented by
delegates, and lalwr in the District can
become again the powerful factor it
once was when legislation could be se
cured, when all differences could lie settled
between ourselves, our employers, and the
business men in Washington.
In line with my views on one central
body, I have sent a written resignation us
presidentof the Federation to the secretary,
and sincerely trust that it is the entering
wedge Tor peace and harmony to prevail
The action or Mr McHugh will no dotiJt
have greatlnriuenceln shaping theopini jns
and directing the course of a great numoer
ot the members of organized labor in the
There Is hardly any room to doubt that
ttie centralization idea Is being seriously
considered by the rank and file or the
wage-earners or Washington. A few of
the leaders oppose the scheme now, on the
ground of Impracticability, but it is well
known that these same leaders some time
ago favored the consolidation ot the
Whatever tne heads of the central bodies
may think of the matter does not in j-ny
way appear to influence the rank and file
against the plan. In fact, it appears that
the agitation and discus-ion of the subject
have created quite a desire for "combina
tion." This is evidenced by the success
ful termination ot the efforts of the four
local organizations of carpenters to com
bine. It Is also reported that thp-e is a
movement on foot to consolidate ttie three
organiza'tlons of plasterers, the tailors, ;,nd
one or two of the bodies of craftsmen of
which there are more than one organiza
tion In the city.
It is the opinion or these leaders who
arc working for the success of the move
ment thatas soon as the crafts and trades
get thoroughly organized there will be no
difficulty in bringing them all under one
head In one central body.
Ills Only Chance.
People who happened to be at Fottieth
street and Hnverford avenue yesterday
afternoon about 1:30 o'clock, were wit
nesses of a thnlllngly narrow escape rrom
what seemed certain death. F. H. Lyon,
who lives at Thirty-ninth street and Balti
moie i venue hadoccasion tocrosithcstrcet
at the point named. He railed to notice the
rapid approachor an eastward-hound Ha ver
foid avenue car. Before he realized his dan
ger the car came upon him while he was
directly in the middle of the track
"Look out, there," yelled a spectator,
"you'll get run over." Lyon heard the
warning and turned in time to Fee the car
almost within reach of him. With great
presence of mind he turned, and instead of
trying to Jump from the track, leaped di
rectly upon the fender.
This was the only thing that saved him
from being knocked down and run over.
The intervening space between him and the
car was too small to admit of hit having jrot
clear by any attempt to Jump In any direc
tion but that In which he did jump. He
lauded squarely on the fender, and grabbed
the front dashboard ot the car with both
"Well, I'm alive yet. old man," he called
out cheerfully to the motorman, who was
the worsef rightenedof th2 two.
"I'm glad to know It," was the motor
man's rejoinder. Then he gave the brake
a twist which brought the car to a sudden
stop, and Lyon climbed off the fender. Ho
"I don't know how I camo to Jump on
the dashboard," said Lyon afterward, "ex
cept that it seemed to be the only tb'ng
for me to do." Baltimore American.
THE OFFICE BAROMETER.
liffect of n 250-Foot 'Move in a Sky
scraper. On May 1 the members of a firm who
were the tenants of a second-floor suite
of rooms, moved straight upward 250 feet
to the eighteenth floor of a downtown sky
scraper. Aside from good-will, there was
nota great deal to move, but among other
tilings was a first-class mercurial barom
eter. To anticipate the weather was a
requisite to the firm's business, uhd to as
sist In tliis forecast the $80 barometer was
a valued office1 fixture.
But from thedateof theremoval noconfi
dencc could beplacedln it. It would pointto
"stormy" when every prospect was'forfalr
weather, 'and when the rain was falling its
henviestthehandonthe dial would indicate
"That janitor did something to it," in
sisted the senior me:tiber of the firm; "I re
member seeing -him' with it in his hands
while we were moving."
Clearly the Instrument was all wrong.
"I'll tell you," said the senior member,
"you'd better take It down to the maker
and have him look It over."
The Instrument was carefully wrapped
up and taken to the 'maker's place on the
rirst floor oTa Madison street building.
"It's all out of whack, somehow," ex
plained the messenger! unwrapping the ba
lometer. The salesman looked at It and
compared it with the'standard instrument
In the shop. "
"Why, It's all light,' he said; ''see here
'fair' just as it 1s in that instrument."
"Well, i'ni blessed!" said the non
plussed junior partner.
'Tliis instrument is all right," reiter
ated the salesman; "there isn't a thing
that we could do to it to make It belter."
So the barometer was again wrapped
up and taken back to the top floor offlce.
Explanations were made, and it was hung
on the hooks near the window.
"Hut, say," exclaimed the junior part
ner, "that was pointing to 'fair' down the
street, and now it slows 'changeable.' "
In the little flurry that followed the dii-
covcry tlio senior partner did not wrap up
the Instrument, but started at once for the
niakei's sliop-. In the elevator he stood
jildlng it, watching the dial, and as the
elevator dropped away into the shaft the
indicator began to dance and to move to
ward "fair." On it went until at the
ground floor the barometer was register
ing "fair" as truthfully as its steady rin
ger could point.
He remarked to the elevator man: "I
guess I'll ride back."
Slowly the indicator veered around,
until, at the eighteenth floor, it was again
at "changeable." Twice more he wtnc rp
and down, and finally, at the ground iloor,
he struck a bee-llue for the Madison street
"Why didn't you tell us you were noton
earth any more?" queried tiie optician,
when explanations had been made. He
twisted the indicator a few notches, made
a little calculation to prove the correct
ness of the changc,,and ever since then the
barometer has been working overtime at
baekcapping the man in tiie Auditorium
Technically, the explanation Is simple.
Ail such barometers are sensitive to ele
vation. For Instance, In the barometer for
measuring elevations a decrease of pres
sure of one inch indicates an altitude of
917 feet; or two inches, 1,860 feet; of
three inches, 2,830 feet, uud so on, in about
the same ratio- This effect is seen on
barometers indicating only weather chan
ges, so that on a sensitive Instrument,
regulated at the street level and taken to
the top of a sky-scraper, the effect Is to
throw It out of all truth to lariablc winds
and weather. Chicago Record
A HOUSE ON WHEELS.
CurlotiH Vehicle.'in Which a. Man
Will Go Around, the World. .
An ingenious citizen of Altcoua, Pa , has
built- an elaborate wagon for himself and
family, In which .lid proposes to make a
tnp around the world 'His name is Jon
athan Olson, ami he Intends to start ou ms
long Journey tliis spring and to lini.ih if
possible by the 1st of June, lf-OQ .
He will rirst go to Illinois, and then
strike south to Txas. Voyaging acrojs
the Gulf r Mexieo to South America, te
will take a bl earner thence to Spein. Frim
this point the American travelers will
start on their long wagpn trip.
In fitting out his, hbute on wheels Jlson
has shown rare tasted lie lia.s finished the
inside in polished maple, and has adorned
it with hand carvings o,f his own design.
In the course of anccentric life he ias
picked up many beautiful pieces of bri--brac-,
which he now turns to theadumnif at
of his wagon-house.
The interior or the house, besides having
three rooms, Is well conceived in point of
convenience. In oueroomthe family Took,
and in bad weather they dine there rJ&o;
but the dining-room is out of doors when
the wagon can be pulled up in a pleasant
' place Five days out of the week there
is a halt, where the cloth can be spread
under the trees and a good cool drink
obtained from the spring.
The second room has a couch and sr-.all
table The table can be used for a breik
fast tray, or it can be cleared at night and
used for parlor games. It also does duty
as writing table, or for books and a
On one side of the room there Is a dra-Alcg
table that takes up the entire wad It
has twenty drawers, a broad shelf and a
mirror with-shelves overhead. Here the
entire winter and summer wardrobe is
In pleasant weather there is no sleeping
dorc in the house. Hammocks are slung
under trees and the family "camps out."
Whenever possible, the stop is made under
pine trees, for the piney smell and soft
bough tips serve .as bedding. A fire is
kindled to serve for warmth, for cooking
in the morning, and to keep away prowling
The third room is a general storeroom.
Here the hammocks are kept, and here
cliairs are stored and tables piled up. Any
thing that is wanted can be brought from
the storeroom at a minute's notice. There
is one dress devoted to dress goods, calico,
bunting, denim and useful articles for,
wear and for fancy work The wagon can
stop at a town any time to replenish sup
plies, but the owner plans it so carefully
that, except for food, there need be no
halt for a month ata time.
Provisions are purchased of the farmers,'
who, It is expected, will supply butteri
eggs, vegetables and chickens cheap in re
turn for the privilege of looking through"
the novel house.
The kitchen is cne of the best rooms of
all, for it Is arianged ship-shaped. Cups
are hung from hooks and plates set in lit
tle grooves. Fans arc on the walls, and
everything is polished bright.
The floois are plain boa ids, laid. nicely
and oiled, so that the rooms look as neat
as those in any house. The "cabin" or
living room has the look of a stateroom
on a yacht, and thiseffectis heightened by
some very clever wall' decorations made
from simple pieces of wood skilfully in
laid. The most ingenious arrangement of all is
ti sliding door, by which the whole side of
the "house" can be opened. The doors
slide to one side, and' finally come com
pletely of r the runners. They can be taken
off and laid under the cart or used for
tables under the trees.
Olson will travel with three horses, often
resting one by hitching-it to the back of
the cart. At other times, when he wishes
to put on speed, he harnesses all three and
goes at a spanking pace across the country,
nis ordinary gait is about twenty miles a
day, but when the weather is fine and the
toads good he will get up to thirty or forty
JERNAN'S LYCEUM THEATER.
Begiimiufj Tomorrow Xiglit at 8.
aiATINEES TUESDAY, THURSDAY AND SATURDAY.
HARRY W. SEMON'S
Introducing an Extraordinary Aggregation of Talented Vaudeville and Bur
losquo Artists, beaded by
America's Favorite Travesty Stars,
In the Original
18-PRETTY GIRLS 18 6-LIVELY C0MED1ANS-6
NEXT WEEK, - - - - - - John W. Ishain's Octoroons.
Monday Eve., May 31, Testimonial Benefit to 31jr. Eugene Kernau
miles, lie drives -as he lives exactly as
When the wagon Is closed it does notlook
like any other wagon. It is longer and
broader, and there Is an air of mybtery
about its curtained windows At first you
think It Is a ciicus wagon, provided by a
philanthropic circus proprietor who givcH
his menagerie a chance to see the country.
Then you think It Is a house boat on
wheels. Hut after a while you give It up
and go closer to read the inscription. It is
upon a door plate -a plain piece of pine
carved by hand and it reads:
"Jonathan Olson Round the World."
The wagon is heavily built and finished
with the best of wheels and axles. New
XKW COLO It L.1XE.
Original Discoveries in Washington
by a Western Correspondent.
There is a curioas war going ou in. Wash
ington between the blacks and mulattoes
for official position's. A new color Hue
has been drawn. The blacks claim that
tiie mulattoes are monopolizing Hie offices
alloted to their race, and that seven-tenths
of the persons holding positions under the
Government in the executive departments
and in the I'rhitlng Office, in tiie office of
of the District Commissioners and as
teachers In the colored schools, are half or
quarter-breeds. The blacks call them
"yellow jacks," and hold them in con
tempt, while the mulattoes consider them
selves several grades higher socially and
intellectually than the full-blooded por
tion of tiieir race. The blacks are hold
ing public meetings, passing resolutions
and addressing petitions to the President
and to Congress, asking that honors be
equalized, and that there be no distinction
in the shade of color when appointments
arc made to ofrice.
A man with the appropriate name of
Oliver C. Hlack is leading the crusade, and
says: "As the voting power of the blacks
is so greatly in excess of the voting power
of the mulattoes, we consider the dis
crimination not only unjust, but we propose
to make ourselves felt hereafter at -'ie-tions
During the last Administration we
complained to President Cleveland, and
at an audience given to representatives ot
the blacks, he assured us that he had made
an investigation and would allow no fur
ther appointments of mulattoes
Liberia, the nation whose fleet, con
sisting of one gunboat, recently made iteelf
conspicuous beyond all pioportion to Its
size, is represented heie, but the consulate
appears to have absolutely no business on
hand. Liboilan affairs are dull and easily
managed, yet a consulate there must be,
for the name's sake.
The consuls of Hnyti, San Domingo and
some of the other "West Indian and Central
and South American countries have little
to do in protecting their few citizens who
are resident heie, but the large amount of
commerce carried on between the United
States and those places affords plenty
of work of a different sort, and thus gives
the consulates ample excuse for being.
Nearly all of the consulates are situated
in the extreme lower paitof the city, in the
neighboihood of "Whitehall street and Howl
ing Green. The one building which con
tains more than any other is No. !M State
street. This it an old-fashioned brick
structure, which doubtless represented
wren It was put up a high type of ofrice
building, but which is now sadly behind
the times. The consuls, however, seem
entirely satisfied with their old home, and
evince ndesire to change its groove-worn
floors and uneven staircases for anything
better. Ko. 24. State street Is a little for
eign colony In itself, and a most vaiied one
at that, for within its walls are the con
biilates of Italy, Great Britain, Norway,
Russia, Sweden, Colombia, Ecuador and
After alt these have been mentioned there
remains one more, whic-h is in several re
spects the most original and interesting of
all the consulates in New York It is theone
belonging to the kingdom of "Siam. If any
one should happen to see floating above the
Union Leaeue Club a bright red flag bear
ing upon it field the sacred white elephant
he may know at once the reason for the dis
play. It is not a new emblem selected by the
clui), but merely the royal ensign ot Siam.
flying in all propriety over the Siamese
cocsulote. The only address given in the
directory tor Isaac Townsend Smith, con
sul rrom Spain to this city, is No 1 East
Thirty-ninth street, the Union League
Club. He is not unknown there and else
where in the city, butit is doubtrul whether
all or his many friends are aware or the
diplomatic ofrice he holds. It has not yet
been definitely ascertained just how ab
sorbing the duties are at the consulate, but
it is known that Mr. Smith finds leisure to
do several things besides. Chicago Journal.
A Clockless Household.
"Mary," said Mrs. Cittlly, the morning
after she arrived at the house of her daugh
ter, Mrsv Outertowne, "haven't you a clock?
I haven't seen one since I came here. I'd
feel lost without one."
"Well, you see, they got out ot order
one by one, and so instead of laving them
mended I packed them all awayandleained
the time table of the B. L. & O.Eailway,
and now ever so mucbmoreconveulentihan
bothering about clocks that are sure to
get out of order."
"I don't see what you're driving at,
Mary," said Mrs. Cittily, looking as if
she almost doubted her daughter's sanity.
"Why, it's like this. John went on the
8:10. Now, I generally read the news
paper until the 8:40, and then if it's bread
day I tell Bridget to put the bread In the
oven, and as it's a very reliable one, the
bread Is sure to be done when the 'up local'
passes at 9:30. Meanwhile I've been dust
ing and cleaning up, and baby's been out
for her airing with Jennie. Then I always
put her to sleep at the 9:50, andshe'spretty
sure to sleep until the 'limited' wakes her
up. It has such a fiendish whilstle that
she can't sleep through it, but as it's 12:30
I can't complain. Lunch Is rather a mova
able feast, for I run it by the 'down
freight, and it's almost always late. I
generally take a little snooze after lunch,
and trust to the 'Chicago special' to wake
me up. Then at the 3:30 I dress aud go
out calling or shopping, and at tne 5:30
Bridget begins to get dinner, and John
Evenings at 8:30. Prices 25, CO, 75c.
.viunnue oiivjiruay at a.m, u auu oUC
Second week of the Comedy Season by the
COLUMBIA STOCK CO.
Commences Tomorrow Night.
HARRY AND EDWAKD
Ihe complete company Includes:
Mr. A. S. Lipmau, Mrs. Kate Deuin WU
Air. Ilenfy hergman, sou.
Mr. Jas. O Barrows, Miss Pearl Evelynne,
Mr. William Eoag, Miss Urayce Scott,
Mr. Alfred Hickman, Miss Carrie Berg,
Mr. Wm. Winter Jef- Miss Grace Mae Lam-
Mr. Geoffrey Stein, Miss Clara Emory,
Miss Kathenne Grey, Mr. Frank Beamish,
The company has Leen selected with
the greatest care. The gentlemen are ex
perienced performers and the ladies are
possessed of youth, beauty and talent."
"The list of names is one or the test ever
brought togethersince the old davg or stock
compaules, " Star.
"Finest summer company ever organized
In America." Times.
A Superfinous Husband
THE LAST WEEK
OF THE GREAT
F St., between 14th and 1 5th.
MORE VIEWS ADDED TONIGHT.
TONIGHT AT 8:15.
Daily 2:30, 4'30 and 8:1 5 p. m.
I'. very evening in. the pavilion at
CHEVY CHASE LAKE.
Bonch's popular band and other attrac
tions, including new nydrocycit. on the
JNo lung but car rare neededroran even
llag at this delightTuI resort in the pure
howling alley, shooting galleries, re
rreshments. pOLOJlBU THEATER.
Today at 4 p. m,
WASHINGTON vs. CHICAGO.
COMPTON' ELECTRIC SYSTEM.
Prices, 10, 1G, 25c.
Trivate Troop G. -d V. H. Calvary.
Serst, Troop M, th Cavalry.
First fergr. Troop B. Cth Cavalry.
Com. aergt. Troop A, D. C N. G.
S37 Teana. Ave. JJ. .
ALL DKIXKS 2TOX-IXTOXICAXT.
All kinds of .Soft Dunks. Cigars, Cigarettes.
Free Lux:cli7:,0to U P. M.
J. H. McCiIE-5iEY. (The Judge.)
Pool Tabln in c fnectlon.
comes home on the 6:30, and we always
sit down to dinner as the 'Plihladelphia
express' passes. We're always late for
prayer meeting Friday cveniugs, for what
wecall th 'prayer meeting express doesu't
pass until 8, but that only happens once a
week We generally 'run wild' ordinory
evenings until bedthme is sounded by the
lo:30 local. Of course in stormy weather
when all the trains are delayed we get all
mixed up In our home schedule, and some
times baby doesn't have her nap untllaf ter
noon or tlie bread gets burned or John
comes borne before dinner is started, but
when the road and tlie weather are clear
we run like clockwork. Oh, and I forgot
to say tliat our day begins with the pass
ing of the 'hod-carriers' accommodation,'
as we suburbanites call tue0::;n. No, In
deed, I've no use for clocks." New York
Last "Week of the Uiogrnph.
This week will positively terminate the
Biograph's long and prosperous run in
this city. The i"84th exhibition will be
given at Willard Hall on Sunday evening,
May 30, at 8:15, arter which the exhibi
tions will be discontinued and Washlug
toaians will not have another opportunity
of seeing this most marvelous invention.
Those who do miss attending oue of the
exhibitions bemre the closing will have
overlooked one of the most interesting and
entertaining amusements ever given in the
They must be seen to be fully appreciated.
That the Biograph is giving a high-class
entertainment Is amply demonstrated by
its long stay in the city; daily exhibitions
having been given for almost eight months.
Thousands and thousands of people have
attended the exhibitions, and the manage
ment have yet to heartho first complaint
Every one who has seen It is a living tcsli
mr.nial as to the merit of the great Ameri
The management feel considerable pride
and pleasure in being able to point to the
unprecedented record made in this city.
It has never been equaled and probably
never will The famous cavalry views will
continue on exhibition until the close of
the season. No views that have yet been
exhibited have attracted the attention these
have. They show a feature or army llfethat
is seldom seen by the general public, and
show It so vividly that it requires no great
stretch or the Imagination to believe that
you arestandlngon the paradegrouuds ota
Tort matching the actual maneuvering or
the men and horses.
The pillow fight and the horseless fire
engine will also be retained until the
closing night These views arc remark
ably true to nature and are fell of action
and exceedingly realisttc. Don't fall to
see the biograph before it closes. Exhibi
tions daily at 2:30, 4:30 and 8:15 p. no.,
with a special exhibition Sunday evenings
Lafayette Opera House.
.Tottn W- Alh.miffh Mnnnoor
Nixon & Zimmerman Directors:
Sixth Week of Opera in English
41st to 40 th performances.
THE LORD HIGH XECCTIONEIt
'Week Eegiii!'!? Monlay, May 24 1
Chas. M. Southwell, Manager
in a picturesque scenic production nti
UlLBKT AND ST'LLIVAN S GREAT
OR, TIIE TOWN OF TITTI PL
Cast Unexcelled Read the Names :
Grace Golden Yum Yum ,
Norma Kopp Pitti Siugj
Alice Judsou Peep i?o :
iitta Bartlett ivausha :
Arthur Cunningham Mikado :
Joseph Sheehan Nauki I'oo ;
W Propert Carleton Pooh Iran
Frank Wooley Pish Tush;
And You Can't Pay More Than 75c.
-5c., 50c. andTOc
$3.75 and 4.50.
25 and 00c.
Hoxes, 2.50 and
Come on your "Hike."
We check it free-
Tuesday. June 1.
I&3K1V NAT'OVAL TIIKATHR.
Ma ART AND ELOQUENCE!
MOiNDAY EVENING, MAY 24.
UX MR. JOHN P. CLCM.
A TOUR OF THE UNITED STATES.
Superbly illustrated with
175 SCENES IN NATURAL TINTS.
THE UNIVERSAL POSTAL COaGRESS
Willattend as the nation's guests.
Seats now on tsale regular prices.
FOR CABIN Jl
Glen Echo Chautauqua
Athletic Bicycle Park.
Take Electric Cars at 3Cth st. and Pro
The Green tF street) Electrics takB yo3
to ttie spot.
Most benutirul pcenery In the District
In sight of the Potomac all the way-
Dip in the Atlantic
"WITH THE "JONNIE" JUNIORS
ON DECORATION DAI.
EXCURSION TO VIRGINIA BEACH
Via Norfolk and Washington Steam
boat line. Leave Wash. Sat.
Evening. May 29.
Returning, leave Norfolk Mon. eve..
May 31. Special boat and one
day at the
Princess Anne Hotel.
A 510 23 TRIP FOR 56.00.
For particulais address or call on Dr.
W. P. M.Klng.nw.cor.Vt.ave, and I st.,
or EDW O ASMUSSE, "V eerhotf's Gal
leries," 1217 F st
Tickets good to return on any boat. It
At MARSHALL HALL,
SUNDAY, MAY 23, 1897
Music by Schroeders Band and Orches
tra on Sunday. Ladies are especially in
vited oa these excursions. Steamer Cnaries
Macalester will leave Seventh street wharf
leaving Marshall Hall at 1:10 and 6 p. m.
on Sundays at 11 a. m. and 2:30 p. m..
On week days will leave Seventh street
wharf at 10 a. rn. and 2:30 p. m., return
ing reaches the city at 2:15 and 6 p. m.
Fare, round tnp, 25 cents; dinner, 75
cents, Including the celebrated Marshall
Hail Clam Chowder.
L. L. HLAKE, Capt.
Steamer T.V. Arrowsmith
GRAND EXCURSIONS TO
Saturday, May 29, at 6 p. m.
Ketjrnmg arrives home. G a. m.
Sunday, May 30, at 9 a. m.
Returning arrives home, 10 p. m.
Monday, May 31, at 9 a. m.
Returning arrives home, 10 p. m.
Excursion fare, round trip, 50 cents
Every day m the year Tor Fortress
Monroe. Norfolk, Newport News and
all points South by the superb, pow-
erful steel palace steamers "New-
port News." 'Norfolk' and "Wasb-
lngton." on the following schedule:
Soutbboan'l- I Northbound.
Lv. Wash'Rton TrfD pmiLv. Portsm'th. -r0 pta
Lv. Alexandria 7:10 pin
Lv. Norfolk... G:10 pia
Lv. FcMonroo : 0 pin
Ar. Alexand'a Hi A aia
Ar. Wash'gton G: 0 am
Ar r c. .vonroo e:.u am
Ar. Norfolk... 7:J'J am
Ar. Portsia'tU. S:03 im
Visitors to Chambcrlln'a new hotel,
"Tlie Bygela," and Virginia Beach
will find thl3 the most attractive
route, insuring a comfortable nlght"
Largo and luxurious rooms heated
by steam and fitted throughout with
electric lights, Dining room service is
a la carte, and is supplied from tha
best that the markets of Washington
and Norfolk afford.
Tickets on sale at U. S. Express
orfice, 817 Pennsylvania avenue; 513.
619, 1421 Pennsylvania avenue; B.
& O. ticket office, corner 15th street
and New York avenue, and on board
steamers, where time table, map, etc,
can also he had.
Any other Information desired win
be furnished on application to the un-
derslgned at the coumany's wharf.
foot ot 7th 6t-, "Washington, D. CL
Telephone No. 750.
JNO. CALLAHAN. General Manager
VIA FALACE STEAMER
J'ltoi-tr,,- rlfii nmtn far nhlirrhofl. RuntLlV-
scnools, societies, clubs. Liberal money
making terma. Only excursion si earner
allowed to land at Colonial Deach. All
privileges exclusive. Colonial Beach
Hotel tor rent. Orrice, 1321 F it. nw.,
between 2 and 4:30 p. m.
NO DUST. NO DiRT.
"Quickest and Safest Route"
Dolly (except Sunday) at 10 a. m. and
2:30 p. m. Returning, reach the city at
2 and p. m. FAKE. ROUND TRIP, GOo.
Admission to grounds. 25c. ELEGANT
CAFE ON THE STEAMER. Tickets, with
Mount Vernon admission coupon, for sala
at wharf and at hotels.
L. L. HLAKE. Captain.