THE MOBNmGTnp SUNDAY, MAY 23, 189T
PRINTING OFFICE PLAGES
Gorman Filled Two Hundred, and
MONOPOLY OF APPOINTMENTS
Proof Render Benedict Gives .Some
Interesting Testimony Before the
Senate Civil Service Committee.
Commissioner ButterwortU Ar
gues in Favor of the I.uw.
The investigation of the "working of the
civil service reform law "was continued ver
terday by tlie Betiatc committee, all tho
members of the Civli Service Commission
being present for the first time.
In response to a request from Chairman
Fritchard Deputy and Acting Commissioner
of Internal Revenue "Wilson laid berore the
committee in tlie form or a communication
some very interesting facts.
There are, he says, 3,502 officers and em
ployes in tlie internal revenue bervice out
side of the bureau, 3,188 or whom have
been classified under recent revisions of the
civil service rules. Of this 200 officers and
employes of the bureau 199 are now clas
sified, making a total classified force con
nected with the collcctionof internal lcvcuuc
of 3.3S7 out of a total rorce of 3,002.
The unclassified force, amounting to
"115 persons, consists of the commissioner,
the 03 collectorsof internal revenue.aml 51
deputy collectors receiving $300 or less
With respect to the working of the rules,
Mr. Wilson says, it Is believed that some
amendments might be made with ad
vantage to tl.e service. Kule 0 should be
. modified so as to increase the number
of excepted places in the Internal revenue
service. The position of chief deputy
and cashier should be excepted in every
dlstrictandin thelarger revenue-producing
districts, where the collections reach twelve
or fifteen millions annually, the collector
should have the unrestricted choice of
a larger number otlds subordinates. This
recommendation is based upon the rec
ognition of responsibility as a valuable
principle in the transaction of Govern
ment affairs, one which too wide an ex
tension of the competitive system will
tend to eliminate. In all branches of the
service any position the duties of which are
necessarily confidential should be filled
by personal selection on tlie part of the
officer between whom and the appointee
such confidential relations exist.
Commissioner Wilson also reco'n nends
the addition to the list of excepted places
of all deputies employed exclusively in the
sale of stamps, and that the numtmr of
excepted places in each di6tilct be deter
mined by the Commissioner of Internal
Revenue, who is in a position to estimate
the imperative needs of the several distiicts
in this regard. He also recommends that
Eulc 0 be modified, so thatvacancios caused
by death or voluntary resignation, and places
established by the allowance of additional
force, may be also filled in the discretion
of the nominating officer by the reinstate
ment of former employes separated fiom
the service through no fault of their own,
without icgard to the length of time the
person recommended for reinstatement
has been separated from the service. Train
ing counts for much in theinternal revenue
service, and in many cases better results
would be secured by the restoration of ex
peits formerly in the service than by se
lections from the eligible ll6ts. There does
not appear to be any good business renson
-why the term or eligibility of persons spe
cially fitted by expeileuce and training
for the work in hand should be arbitrarily
limited to one year. An official record cf
faithful and vnluable service covering a
number or years, as a basis or eligibility Tor
reappointment, would be in accord with
the principle or the probationary term,
and no officer with practical experience
in administrative work can doubt Uicalue
to the service of a rule making such reap
Acting Commissioner Wilson docs not
recommend that the civil service law be
repealed or amended. The merit system,
he says, is a valuable one. With suitable
modifications of existing rules the law can
be brought into harmony with good ponse
and good administration. Mr. Wilson sug
gests a provision of law, either as an
amendment or an independent measure,
fixing a terra of office for all classiried
employes or the Government, so that each
appointee, after successfully passing his
probationary term, shall be appointed for
a term or years not less than Tour, or more
than eight, and shall not be removable,
except for delinquency or misconduct,
during such term; persons thus appointed
to be eligible, in the disci ction of the
appointing officer, for reappointment, on
the expiration of the term of office thus
fixed, their eligibility for reappointment
to be determined by their official records.
Under such a iaw it would be practicable
to weed out incapables rrom the service at
the end or a fixed time, while the hope of
reappointment would be a greater stimulus
than is now afrorded to zealous perform
ance of duty and progressive efriciency on
the part or the competent. Such amend
ment would also relieve the civil service
law of the criticism attaching to it in the
minds or many, that it creates a lire tenure
in the classified service, contrary to the
will of the people and the genius or our
Some or the Ironclad rules or the com
mission are said to have been more hurt
ful than helpful to the reform, and have not
been in the interest of good service. A lit
cralization of the rules, combined with a
thoroughly non-partisan application of
them, would coinmcndthe law to thepeople.
Commiesioner of Patents Buttcrworth,
in a letter to the chairman, said that in
his Judgment the iaw should not be re
pealed. It was a salutary law, and its
influence was to raise a political contest
above the plane of a mere struggle for
npoils. Under its operation clerkships In
the public service, and a vast number
ot other positions, have ceased to be
mere political junk, to be used by poli
ticians to pay Tor partisan sen-ice, orten
corruptly rendered. It would be disas
trous to good government to return to
the old spoils system, which had become
a stench in tlie nostrils or every lover or
honest and capable administration.
Still, Mr. Bulterworth says, he is con
vinced that the rules should be restricted
and modified, fo as to operate as orig
inally Intended by the friends and ad
vocates or reform in the civil service,
who sought practical results In adminis
tration, rather than to adopt or experi
ment with tlieories, which, under our
form of government, will prove Utopian,
because life tenure in orrtce is orfensive
to our people.
Mr. Buttcrworth says that the idea that
tnrec gentlemen outside or and in no wise i
charged with the responsibility or the I
administration or a department or the
Government, no matter how earnest and
well-disposed, can by any examination
better select a private secretary, a chier
clerk, or chierordlvlsion or other executive
officer, ror the staff of the Secretary or
the commissioner In charge or a bureau,
and who sustain confidential relations to
them, than the head of the department,
Is, on JtB face, and for obvious reasons,
Mr. Buttcrworth calls attention to the
fact that the civil service tide did not rise
0' - , -
OU CM AFFORD
. 4fc -?
Where the crywd ia 0
' thcre6 where you waut to A
' come. We're as busy as f
. bees in our Matting Be- 4
I partment because the V
qualities are light and fj
1 the prices lowest.
Bou't take long to buy
a Refrigerator. We are
sure to have what'll suit
in style, make and price
Choice of three makes
the three best. They are
bought with tlie influence
of our prices lowest.
Cor. 7th and
0,v.'u'cvV;'' . .-..q
so high as to engulf private secretaries,
chief clerks, financial clerks, chiefs of di
visions and the entire executive and ad
ministrative official force of departments,
until, by dismissals, reductions, promo
tions, transfers and appointments, each
head of a department had these offices
filled so as to control and direct the force
employed to carry outthe policyof the Ad
ministration, a part or which they were,
and these appointments having been made,
and made, as appears, rrom a partisan
standpoint, the appointees were, by an
order or their Fresldent, permanently in
stalled in place to aid in promoting the
policy or nn Administration they were t.'n
tblo to defeat, and to become the -confidential
advisers and executive officers of
those with whom they were confessedly not
in touch or sympathy.
Mr. Butterworth continues rather sar
castically as follows:
"If the order by which this was done
had been promulgated before the official
shaking up in the several departments it
might have escaped the suspicion of being
partisan and lacking a trace of the leaven
or true civil service reform. But ref
ormation after rigor mortis has set in Is not
Almont Barnes, formerly an employe In
tlia statistical bureau of the Agricultural
Bepartment, told the committee of the
working or the law under Secretary Mor
ton, and called special attention to cer
tain alleged violations or the law in the
appointment or clerks. Barnes, himself
resigned, but was reinstated in 1891, but
resigned again in 1893, because he saw
that his superiors "wanted his place more
than they wanted him." After he had been
out some time, and the depai tment learned
whatcharacter of work he had been doing
he was asked to return and finish it as a
per diem employe. This he refused to do.
William Bcrten Nassau was then ap
pointed to do the work, which was con
nected with the issuance of bulletins re
lating to our foreign markets. He was,
according to this witness, appointed at S7
a day, and then made head of the section
at $2,400, and subsequently promoted to
$2,500 a year. Mr. Barnes said lie pro
tested to Civil Service Commissioner Roose
velt about the irregularity of the appoint
ment, but nothing came or it, because ,as
Mr. Roosevelt said, Secretary Morton was
a difficult man to deal with, and they tad
better let the matter drop. Nassau sub
sequently resigned. The witness cited the
appointment of Mary A. Mack, who was
on the temporary roll and then-made per
manent, although she passed no examina
tion. Another alleged Irregularity was noted
in the appointment of James L. Watklns
to investigate some questions relating to
the cotton-growing industry, and who
was later on put in the classified service
without an examination at $1,800 a year.
The case of George B. Skinner was given
particular prominence by the witness. Be
fore the printing office Of the Agricultural
Bepartment was put under the control of
the Tublic Trinter and in the classified
service, Skinner was put in charge of the
office. Skinner was not a citizen of the
United States, and was permitted to tako
a non-competitive examination. When
the alien birth of the man was brought
to Secretary Morton's attention, Mr. Barues
said that official stated thatit made no
difference. When the department print
ing office was put under the main orfice,
Skinner was transferred to an $1,800
clerkship under the classified service, and
is now holding the place, although he never
passed an examination.
Albert Biker, now a clerk in the Govern
ment Printing Office and formerly private
secretary to Public Printer Benedict, pave
testimony as to the working of the civil
service reform rules in the Prinliug Office.
Tlie boards of examiners appointed from
the various branches of the trades in the
office, in an advisory capacity, were, he
said, selected equally from the two po
litical parties. The board had never, so iar
as he knew, held a full meeting or passed
upon the questions prepared by the Civil
In answer to a direct question, Mr. Baker,
who had had ten years' experience in tlie
office, said the class of employes supplied
through the commission was very good.
Only ten of those so appointed had to be
dropped during their probationary period
on account of inefficiency. A statement
prepared by the Typographical Union show
ed that under the old system any whercf rom
90 to 400 had been dismissed a year, end
only 29 a year since the extension of the
civil service reform law to the Printing
"Bo you, then, get better men under the
merit system?'' asked Senator Elkins.
Mr. Baker preferred not to express an
opinion, but upon being piessed, replied:
"The results are in favor of the civil ser
vice reform plan."
Wncn asked if a non-union man could be
appointed, .Mr. Baker replied that a ron
union man would be a discordant element
in the division to which he might be as
signed. Be might get in under the civil
sen-ice, but, added Mr. Baker, "Non-union
men have been dropped out, as the records
show, for incompentency."
"Can a man who is not a member of the
5' - fe, - '
in the House-furnishings line if
you buy it of us our credit sys
tem paves the way.
We'll give you plenty of time
to pay for what you get. Our
accommodation isn't the hurry
kind. It is patient considerate
of your convenience.
All we ask of you is to say
what you can do and , do it.
Pay weekly or pay monthly.
Pay much or pay little. But
we inaugurated this plan ' of
help to help and it will help.
Don't stop to wonder if you
can get credit here come and
I Streets N. W.
union stay in the Government Printing
Office?" asked Mr. Elkins.
"That has never yet been demonstrated,"
Mi. Baker replied.
"Well, can he stay there? That Is what I
want tc find out,'' again asked Mr. Elkins.
"Ho never lias,'" said Mr. Baker. "The.
rnblio Printer would have to have a
pretty stiff backbone to keep a non-union
man in theof fice, and, were he to make the
fight rorhim, I do notthink Congress would
back him up. Several persons who have
come in as non-union men have Joined the
union and remained.''
Mr. Harold Benedict, a printer and a proof
reader, who Is a member of the Printing
Office "examining board,'" said that it
had had several full meetings and had dis
cussed not only the law itself, but the char
acter of questions that should be put to
applicants for place. Men who had been
examined spoke highly of the character r.r
the examination and the practical nature
or the questions propounded.
Commissioner Procter asked ir men were
not appointed through rolitical influence,
and though incompetent, kept in office.
Mr. Benedict admitted that such w.is She
case, and said that he knew of ono em
ploye kept there for a long time.
Senator Pritchard said: "Will you give
me the name of some Senator who kept a
"Yes. Senator Blount."
"Whom did he insist on keeping there?"
"I cannot recall his name; but I know or
"What year was that?" inquired Senator
"In 1882," replied the witness.
"Who was then Public Printer?"
"Bid Mr. Palmer have any incompetent
men appointed and retained?"
"Well, there were a number or Incom
petent men in the office during his term of
Mr Benedict was unable to say Just what
The Senator inquired whether Public
Printer Benedict ever retalnedlncomuetent
men, and if so, what proportion. The wit
ness adroitly responded thatrublic Printer
Benedict had had three years' experience
in the office, and he guarded particularly
against having incompetent men.
Bcnator Pritchard thought that a good
plan would be to have alistof allemploj-es
or therrintlng Office, showing theporitical
complexion of each appointee.
Mr. Penedict said four-fifths of the ap
pointments made by Mr. Palmer during
the Cleveland Administration were Berno
crats. The office was crowded beyond
the working capacity. At one time one
third or the office were on a furlough.
It was then that Public Printer Benedict
came in and applied business principles
and discharged men right and left.
Senator Tritehard asked about the po
litical complexion or the discharged men.
"I should Inrer," answered the witness,
"that they were pretty generally Repub
licans." "Then the Republicans were consider
ably lu the minority?''
"Yes, about 40 per cent"
Senator Elkins You say a great many
men were appointed at tlie request or Sen
ators. Bid you ever know of a Senator
having more than two or three appointees?
"Yes, sir; more than that"
"Bow many more?"
"Well, when Mr. Palmer wanted to re
tain tlie' good will of Bemocrats I think
there were as many as seventy-five men
credited to Congressman James D.Richard
eon." "Well, let us know who else," suggested
Senator Elkins. "Were there any men on
the other side of the Bouse?"
"Oh, yes; there was Senator Gorman."
"Bow many did he have?"
"Something like 200." There was con
siderable laughter at this.
"Where did he keep them all-in Mary
laud?" "Well, l:e backed a great many District
Mr. Benedict did not like to be regarded
as under oath strictly on the number, but
the figures given were very near the mark
"I want to know all about these ap
pointees," continued Senator Elkins.
"Who was this James Richardson?"
"Be was chairman of the House Printing
"lias Senator Pritchard got any there?"
jokingly asked Senator Elkins. "I want
to know because I don't know that I have
Senator Pritchard answered Senator El
kins by suggesting to the witness that
Senator Elkins' record be exposed.
SenatorPritchardlaterinquiredas to the
classification of skilled laborers.
Mr. Benedict thought that drivers and
all laborers should be known as skilled
Senator Pritchard asked if the name
"skilled latKircr" was not a misnomer
"Bo you not know that some or the best
drivers o horses are illiterate?" he asked.
The Senator, continuing, expressed tlie
opinion that nothing had done more to
bring the civil service into disrepute than
the system of classifying all help as skilled
help. Even drivers and laborers were
known as skilled.
Mr J, L. Kennedy followed Mr. Bene
dict. He called attention to the state
ment of Public "'Printer Benedict in ids
report that fife cKll service appointees
averaged as high. in. intelligence ua otiur
appointees, whereas Mr. Harold Hom-dlet
has said they jvere fjO per cent better '.ban
spoils 'system appointees.
Mr. Kennedy insisted that the civil
service law did, uot protect officeholders.
Ho believed the 'f examinations should be
entirely practical and should uot go Icto
the scholastic jatt'ainments. Tlie wltr."ss
was asked if a mu could be a good com
positor and not pass tho civil service
examination. lir, 'Kennedy replied af
firmatively. There was somo amusement;
at the witness' remarks concerninir a
rulo prohibiting the classification or
"workmen." "If the committee desires ,ne
to give a definition of the word 'workmen'
according to Webster, Worcester, and the
Century dictionary, 1 will do so."
"That is not at nil necessary," anxwored
Senator Elkins This did not quench the
"I would suggest to tlie committee that
they look up the definition themselves and
note the meaning of tho word in connec
tion with the civil service rule."
SupcrintendentAugustW. Muchen, of the
postorflec free delivery system, was called
to the stand, he desiring to roply to certain
charges made by Mr. Hill against his
orfice concerning the employment of the
postorricc inspectors. Mr. Machen called
the attention or the committee to a Con
gressional Record reference to the record of
Mr. Machen Ayas appointed in 1880 as
assistant postmaster at Toledo. On August
20, 1893, he was made superintendent cf
tho free delivery system. He said when lie
and First Assistant Postmaster General
Jones came Into office there were pending
a largo number ot overtime claims. Up
to that time Congress had appropriated over
$3,000,000 to nfeet these claims. It was
discovered that .carriers were reportiug
eight hours' work, yet doing overtime and
covering it up to' later on be able to file a
claim for overtime. Their trip reports
would show eight hours, yetif they filed a
claim they could not prove the same. It
was determined b; t.he department to send
out confidential agents to secure informa
tion as to the conduct of the carriers and
At the time Mr. Machen reported the num
ber of secret agents there were ten Re
publicans and forty Democrats on the "In
spector Roll." The average expenses or
the men were $3.'23 per day, including rail
road fare, said the witness-. Mr Machen
denied that Chief Agent Bellman"? expenses
were $17 per day. In reality, his average
for a year was $5.39
Referring to Mr. Hill's charge that the
inspectors were employed for political rea
sons, the witness. Mr. Machen, spoke or an
examination into the management of the
Philadelphia postofflec, where, upon a re
port of the inspector, the force was re
duced, 100 men . creating a considerable
None of these men were removed until
nf ter a fair hearing berore the department.
Mr. Mnchen'ofrgrcU. a statement showing
that in response to a call for the political
complexion or certain postmasters 31G were
Democrats, 229 Republicans. 1 Populist, and
Concerning the charge made by Mr. Hill
Uiat he was sent to New York for politi
cal reasons, Mr. Machen said: "I deny
that r sent him there for any such pur
poses. The charge was utterly raise. I
did send four men With him to investigate
u complaint, but the men have since in
formed me that- Mr: Hill did nothing, be
being drunk nearly-all the time."
Commissioner Procter referred to an as
sertion by Mr. Hill, that his examination
papers had been extracted from the Civil
Service Commission, and asked Mr Machen
whether that paper had not been called
Tor by the Postorfice Bepartment to lenm
of Mr. Hill's record. Mr. Machea answered
Senator Pritchard Do you know why
Mr. Hill was discharged?
44 Tes, sir; for conspiracy, and his con
duct in examination or overtime claimn "
"What was the nature or his con
spiracy?" "Well, he pried open drawers, with
drew papers and examined waste-baskets.
We became suspicious or him and pluced
two inspectors to run him down. They
did so, and. In Tact, run down three Hill,
Sullivan and Beightr, who were all to
gether," answered Mr. Machen.
"But what wa3 the real nature of his
conspiracy?'' insisted Senator rritchnrd.
Mr. Machen explained thatMr. Hill had
extracted a personal letter from a desk,
which, without explanation, looked com
promising. "I refer to the charges that I assessed
Inspectors for political purposes," said Mr.
Machen. "I never did anything of the
kind. There were some agents who, white
In Chicago, got together and decided to
make a donation to the Campbell cam
"To understand this yon must know that
even tlie a gents' personal letters weresent
to the department to be forwarded so as
to keep secret their movements. It was
customary to haveMr. Bellman takemoney
rrom their Income and pay It over to their
wives and creditors.
''About this time these inspectors asked
ror the payment per order of tlie campaign
subscriptions. Mr. Bellman paid those
orders Just the same as any other orders.
He did not question the order."
Senator Pritchard drew an admission
Trom Mr. Machen that one inspector, W.
E. Clark, was employed uuder an assurn.-d
"What was his true name?"
"Machen," responded the witness, who
added: "That was done to keep his move
Mr. Machen denied having compelled
inspectors, preceding their appointment, to
take out lire insurance policies with a .-er-tain
Concluding .his -testimony Mr. Machen
said the civil service rules were rigidly
enforced in his.idepartment. Asked by
SenatorPritchard.Jf,.he had auysuggestions
to make as to Ujjni)rovement of the ter
vice, the witness said::
"Yes; I believesomething should be
done to prevent-tho' entrance into the de
partment of aucbacmen ns Hill," whom
Mr. Machen ch.frgcja with having been in
John i. Hovrlettj a contractor, a vear
ago, took an examination for superintend
ent of construction of public buildings.
He criticised tbeo commission examina
tion, which, he''aiu, was not applicable
forthe appointment ot a constructor.
They had place&ibwfore him a plan with
out giving any dimensions and after taking
from him his Tale, i
One question, Hull da id, was- "How many
tools were used on a'piece of stone from (he
quarry to the building?"
Commissioner Procter said he would
bring the examination papers before the
committee. They 'had not been prepared
by the commission, but by the SuperviMng
Mr Howlett said he had been a builder
for forty years, He built some of the
largest and best buildings in Washington.
The Sun buildingand Moses' building, nud
about twenty school buildings, yet, be
cause lie could not dot his i's and cross
his t's lie Tailed to pass the examination
He had observed that the paper showing
his marking was also defective clerically
Cornmissloner Procter asked t) see hid
marking, and read that Mr. Howlett had
passed 75 per cent In letter writing, but
only 56 per cent in practical questions.
Captain Howlett thought it strange that
he, with Ms years of experience, should
have failed in his own business.
"Bo you not know," inquired Comtnls-
Goldenberg's Store News.
Aside from the noise from hammering and falling of bricks, which is heard in
the building next door, there is no indication yet in the store of any rebuilding,
but in a few weeks that dividing wall will be torn out, and then you'll see it.
It puzzled us at first how we would manage to give up so much selling space
where we'd put the stocks that are located in this vicinity. You helped us out
of the " muddle " by taking them away. There's certainly no place -in the store
for these departments as they stand even today, and that's why the reductions
the slaughtering of prices continues to move the greater portion of these
stocks, so that when the walls come down they will be small enough to share the
limited quarters of other departments.
We want you to understand us perfectly. We haven't hatched up this
just to have a sale. It is perfectly legitimate. We've got to reduce some of the
stocks, and we've taken the " sacrifice way " of doing it. We lose a pile of
money, but we get a lot of people here make them friends of the store and get
the stocks out of the way.
Such a sale of mattings
as starts here Monday upsets all previous ofrerings ever made by any
bodyanywhere. When we bought this Immense lot or mattings we didnt think
we d need the part or the store they occupy. But here they are came
in yesterday and Justsee how we've slaughtered them.
115 rolls Chiua seamless matting, in very desirable patterns, to
go at the ridiculous price or
9 cents a yard.
182 rolls or Tine heavy China matting seamless and extra good
patterns to go at the record-breaking price or
14 cents a yard.
Greatest of shirt waist sales
started here yesterday, when several hundred dozen or the celebrated
"Albion"brandwnlstswenton sale at not much more than hair price.
The lot comes direct rrom the maker are thcmostperrectrittlngwuista
made are In the most desirable patterns and in ever"y size rrom 32
up. In the lot are
fine figured lawns,-
handsomest of croisettcs,
prettiest or percales,
and they're going at such ridiculous prices as these:
Those waists worth 50c. go Tor wOC
Those waists worth 75c. go for 4UC
Those waists worth $1 and $1.25 go for OOC
Wonderful Towel Values.
We have bought of an im
porter three lines towels, and
you rest assured that we bought
them very, very cheap.
1G dozen heavy all-linen
huck towelB 19 by 38 inches
usual 15a sort for
31 dozen Blenched Turkish
towels 25 by Hi inches heavy
and the 25c towel usually
to go ror
20 dozen very fine all-linen
huck towels handsome satin
border 50c anywhere you go
sloner Procter, "that under the old rules
of appointment a barkeeper"
"I am not a tiarkeeper," interrupted Capt
"No, I did not mean that," said ilr.
Procter. "I mean that such men, bar
keepers, politicians, and inexperienced
men became superintendents of construc
Capt. Howlett thought the commission
should have asked concerning the quality
or the eyes as to determining the color
of bricks. Capt. Bowlctt's testimony con
cluded the hearing, and the committee ad
journed until next Saturday.
THE DUCHESS D'AI.ENCON'.
Her Houinnce With Ludwigll of Ba
varia. The death of the Buchess d'Alencon In
the Paris disaster recalls some interesting
facts in the life ot this extraordinary wom
an. She was a daughter or the Archduke
Maximilian, or Zweibrncckon-Birkenfeld, a
side-lineof the royal house of Bavaria. Tho
Archduke Maximilian was very democratic
In his character and manners, and insisted
upon educating his children on a demo
cratic plan. So unconventional was his
.method that it shocked Munich, and both
he and his family were most unpopular
with the pcoplo.
Besides Sophie, the late Buchess d'Alen
con, there are several children of the
Archduke Maximilian, or whom F.lizabeth,
the Empress of Anstia, and Carl Theodor,
the famous physician, oculist, and phil
anthropist, are tfce most widely known.
All the children, however, for sonic reason
or other, have attracted the attention or
Europe at sometime. The Empress or Aus
tria was regarded long as the best horse
woman in Austria. She was a beautiful
woman, and the Viennese still remember
her tall, lithe rorm on a Hungarian thor
oughbred, passing through the streets
or Vienna, or participating with the Hun
garian nobles 1 n a steeplechase. The Arch
duke Carl Theodor, or Bavaria, high up
in the Bavarian Alps, maintains a hospital
and clinic on the shores or the lovely
Tegernscc, to which he devotes all his
time and attention. He is regarded as one
of the best oculists in Europe, and his own
services, as well as those of his asssistant,
are rendered gratuitously.
But neither the Empress of Austria nor
the Archduke Carl Theodor has attained
to .the notoriety of their sister Sophie, for
she forfeited a kingdom and on the eve of
her marriage to a King lost tlie crown
because of her frivolous flirtation with a
young officer The Princess Sophie was
born in 18-17, and at the age of nineteen
was the most beautiful woman at the
Bavarian court, iike her sister, the Em
press, she had a magnificent figure, dark
eyes and black hair. At this time Ludwig
II wus Kingof Bavaria, being then twenty
one years or age The King was of ro
mantic character. He was ambitious and
idealistic, a great lover of art, and one
of Wagnei's most enthusiastic ndmirers
and protectors. Hislove of Wagner's music
amounted almost to a rassion. In this tho
Princess Sophie sympathized with the
King. The common interest in music at
tracted them to each other, and soon the
King became the constant companion of
his cousin. It was not long before the
court perceived that the King was deeply
attached to Sophie, and that she Fcemed
to reciprocate his afrection. The enthusi
astic nature of the King manifested Itself
In these days of his first love. He was
extremely happy, anU wrote to his fiancee
hetters of the deepest tenderness and afTc
tion The princess was in the habit of
turning these letters over to her rather,
and through his carelessness they Tell into
the hands or unscrupulous courtiers. One
or them is addressed "To My Bcarest
Eisa" and is signed "Lohengrin." I
Great was the preparation made for the I
I Goldenberg's Store News.
Silk-stitched whalebone cas
ing ror lc. yard.
All-silk Fcam binding 9
yards in a piece, for 7a piece.
Safety hooks and eyes 2
dozen on a card, for lc. caTd.
French darning cotton
colors, for 2c ball.
10c. quality French whale
bones for 4c dozen.
500-yard spools cotton for 3c
Kleincrt's 15c unstamped
dress shields for Gc pair.
926-928 Seyenth T06 K Streets
royal nuptials. It was tho ambition of the
King to make It the greatest royal wed
ding of modern times. He was during all
his lire most lavish in his expenditures
and a great lover of display. His castles
are monuments of prodigality. All Munich
was to celebrate the wedding, and the
crowned heads o f Europe were to lend pomp
to the occasion by their presence. While
the preparations were proceeding on a
great scale, the King, without a word of
warning, suddenly left Munich, and, ac
companied by two servants, went to his
castleon Starcnberg Lake. Soon afterward
it was announced that the King hail broken
the engagement. At that time only very
rew knew the true reason for the King's
action, and these few were so nearly con
cerned In the shipwreck ot royal love that
they were most carerul to guard the secret.
The wedding had been set for August 55,
lS67,thc date which was also the birthday
or the King. Ludwig, however, forbade any
celebration of the anniversary, and speut
the entire day In the solitude of the Bava
rian Alps. Only a few days before he had
written to the Princess Sophie: "I thought
I had your heart, but I Jcnow I never pos
sessed It. You want my hund, but you
care nothing for my heart. My hand and
my throne go only with my heart. She
who is to be my queen must love me truly.
The rumors first whispered as to
the cause of this love tragedy at the Bavar
ian court, have, since the death of theKing,
been proved historical fact. While the
King paid his devotions to the princess, and
while she simulated afrection ror hhn,
she secretly maintained a desperate flirta
iton with a handsome young officer named
Hanfstacngl. Young Hanrstaengl was a
pon of Councillor Hanrstaengl, one of tlie
most versatile artists or Bavaria. So deep
was thelovcof Sophie foryoungHanfstaengl
that she gave to him some of her most
costly jewelry, and the discovery of these
gifts led to the disclosure of Sophie's un
Taithrulness. She was obliged to leave the
iurt. Soon afterward she married the
Bukc d'Alencon King Ludwig became a
woman hater. He had lost all faith in
On June 1G, 1886, King Ludwigcommit
tcd suicide in Starenberg lake. The death
of her cousin deeply affected Sophie. She
became mentally unbalanced and spent n
number of years In an asylum atGmtzin
Austria. New York Herald.
A COOL SWEDE.
Hair-Brondtli Escapes llnd No Ef
fect on Him.
One afternoon last summer I was stand
ing on tlie great Suspension Bridge just be
low Niagara Falls looking at the great cat
aract and admiring the wonderful colors of
the green and blue river 200 feetr below.
Several workmen were engaged in painting
the bridge, and I became interested in their
operations. It required no little engineer
ing skill to rig up an apparatus b which to
enable a painter to traverse the giant guy
rope cables which radiate from the center
of the bridge, fan-shape, toward either end
of the structure. A painter's platform four
reet square wassuspended Trom one o r these
cibles by a trolley arrangement, a grooved
wheel running on the cable. By mean sofa
rope attached to this wheel a man on the
bridge could draw the platform from the
river bank the terminus of the cable to
the bridge above, and as the platform pass
ed along the cable a workman sitting on a
common chair on the platform would paint
the great iron rope above his head and be
hind the trolley wheel.
I was especially Interested in the work
of a Swede who, perched on a small plat
form, was painting one or the Canadian
braces. He had begun at the end of the
cable on the Canadian shore. Tar below, and
had been pulled up the cable's steep incline J
Goldenberg's Store News.
Wash Goods Unmercifully Cut.
30-Inch Coloma dimity war
ranted fast color prettiest and
neatest or figures and stripes
cut from 12 1-2 c to
New lappet lawns in the very
newest patterns Including the
red and navy coin dots has
been 15c to go for
Fine imported Indian dimities
in beautiful pink, heliotrope,
black and white patterns one
of the very finest imported
and regularly sold for 25c to
Imported figured and plain
organdies the newest and moat
exquisite designs-whtch has
told all season for 25c, and
for which others hcive asked
37 l-2c to go for
32-inch Imported grass linen
batiste has been 25c to go
White Goods Cut.
Plain and sheer white India
linen the 12 l-2c. sort, for
Striped white India dimity
the 12 l-2c. sort, for
Heavy plain white duck the
regular 12 l-2c value, for
English longcloth in 12-yard
Fine white Persian Jawn3
the regular 25c sort, for a day,
Imported black dotted white
swlss the regular 39c sort, for
toward the bridge, until perhaps two-third
of his Journey had been completed. There
was absolutely nothing but air between hltn
and the seething river 200 feet below; but
there he sat, on a swinging platfonn, meth
odically plying his rush and complacently
smoking a. short clay pipe.
How it happened I don't know. But tho
man on the bridge suddenly let the rope
slip out cf his hands. There was a sharp
cry of alarm rrom the startled painter as
the platform began to spin down the in
cline, withconetanilyincreaslng momentum.
It seemed as if the poor fellow must inev
itably be dashed against the rocky preci
pice, and tumble Into the river a mangled
corpse. Theslackof theropeon thebridge.
however, became entangled around a brace
and the perilous descent came to a sudden,
end. The Hying platrorm stopped with
a Jerk. The chair, a pail of paint, a brush
and a clay pipe went sailing into space.
The painter caught a corner of the plat
form just in time to save himself from fol
Two minutes I-ter the platform had been
pulled up to the bridge and the Swede wan
gien a chance to stretch his legs again in
safety. The man on the bridge had not a
word to say. He wa. as pale as a corpse,
and trembled like a leaf. Bat the Sweda
did have something to say, and he said it
without the slightest tremor or emotion In
his voice. "You," he remarked. "Ay
tank you skallaind me your pipe. Laik
big fool, Ay drop mine." Chicago Time9
Admirals in Washington.
Admiral Brown says that when he retires
rrom the Navy a rew weeks hence he is
going to live at Indianapolis. "That Ia
my 6Id home," he says, "and one or tha
Iovel'ie-st places in tho world. My wire's
friends and my friends are there from
which you must not inrer that we haven't
friends everywhere. You can sail aroand
the world all your life, but you never form
friendships and attachments like those
that arc made in the early days, when tha
heart is young. Besides, I'll be the only
admiral in Indianapolis; whereas, I I set
tle in Washington, I'd be one of forty.
When a man goes into the club at Indian
apolis and inquires if any one has seen the
admiral, they will know that he means
Brown; but when such a question is asked
in Washington forty old coves will rush
up and answer, 'I'm here.
"And I'm going to get something to do,"
continued the admiral- "They can put ma
off theactivelist because I've reached the
lawful age, but they can't send me to tho
Junk yard yet awhile. I've got lots of
good stufr in me yet, and I don't propose
to be tied up to rot. That's another reason
I want to go to Indianapolis. There's
nothing ror a retired admiral to do in
Washington but to go the club and act na
pallbearer at runerals. I told John Walker
the other day that he'd better die now,
so that the Secretary or the Navy would
name a torpedo boat after him: but he
said he'd be hanged If he did. Walker is
lookiug- for a Job, too. We may go into
paitoersliip. But there is nothing to do in
Washington but rot. We go to the club
in tlie mornlngand read the paper and gos
sip awhile; then go to lunch, take a nap,
go back to tlie club, play a game of whist,
gossip awhile, go to a funeral if there is
one, home to dinner, another game -it
whist, and then to bed. I'm too young a
man for that routine" e.
It was shortly after they had moved
"Why are you to sure that there are no
loose tacks lying around on the floor?" she
"Becnusc," he replied. "I thoughtlessly
went through the room In my bare feet last
night, and when I pulled the tacks out -it
my reet I very carefully put them away."
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