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THE 3VfOT?yiyG TIMJSS, MONDAY, AUGUST 9, 1897.
SOCIETY WEDDED TO POKER
Matrons and Maids Alike Indulge
ia llie National Game.
CONGRESSMEN ITS PATRONS
-The .TncJc Pot und the Ten Pot Go
-Hand-.-K-TTurid i Uppcr-Temlom
Society Buds Atunug the Expert
l'olier Parties to the Suburbs
Taker playing In "Washington society
amounts io a fine art.
The devotees or the game nre-to be enu
merated in overpowering numbers among
those who occupy "the seats oftbe mighty.''
Thai Congressmen should indulge in a
vast amount or poker playing is not a mut
ter of astonishment, either in or out of
Washington- imt that the fashionable wom
en or the pity should be given over to
poker playing, with in many cases, In
definite limits for the Jack po;s, is matter to
mate the thoughUul pause and do consid
Time was, or course, when our grand
mothers and their grandmothers berore
them, played all ntghl. ban tiling tlie cards
by tlie light of sputtering dips. It would
fceem that the wliirligigof time had biought
this craze back again, and firmly implanted
In the present day and generation or Wash
ington fashionables a fondness for cards
quite equal to that possessed by thote old
dames of the past generation. The paste
board kings, queens and jacks have evi
dently not been relegated to the limbo
or periwigs, powdered hair and moth
A few years ago, when a fashionable
woman, at whose house Army and Navy
orflrvr& found a favorite gathering place
for playing poker, completely impoverished
a young rellow, a member of the Metro
politan Club, the club rose at the audacity
of the proceedings, and after compelling
the woman to refund the young fellow's
fortune, gave her until sundown to quit
"Washington forever. It caused no end of
a ben-ation at tlie time, but soon blew
over, and people have almost forgotten it
now. Nevertheless, the woman at whose
house the playing was done has never
dared to resume residence here.
Until last winter certain or the officers'
families stationed at the Arsenal bad one
or the fashionable poker clubs meet regu
larly at theii quartera Play ran high, and
no did '.be talk concerning tlie amounts of
money that changed bauds, and the late, or
rather early, hours at which the poker
paitlw- broke up
Thic goseip floated to the commandant's
ears, and when he learned that 4 a. m
was the time when the members of the
club left the arsenal and returned to their
homo; In the city, he issued an order that
after that date poker playing would be in
definitely suspended in those officers' quartan-,
and that visitors, however, fashiona
ble, most leave the arsenal gates prior to -1
The most famous rendezvous or the poker
clubs or the fashionable women or this
city for some years past has been at Deer
Park, aid., where a large Washington
oouUngeut has always gathered. Matters
fir.ally readied a crisis, and poker playing
amoig the fashionable at Dser Park re
ceived a Wack eye, because of certain
high banded proceedings for several nights
running. .Tlie hotel proprietor then made
a rule that for the remainder of that sea
son no more delusive games of poker were
to be allowed at Deer Park- One of the
ladies who was especially well known was
further told that she must pack bag and
baggage and remove elsewhere and not
Narragansett has also been a favorite re
treat for the fashionable women who play
a fine game of poker. One of these Wash
ington women, a -widow, is accredited with
having, daring the course or several little
games the past summer, cleared sufficient
t pay her board bill for the entire season
at the Pier.
One of the devotees of poker gave last
reason a" luncheon that has since become
famous. SheJs the wife of a naval of rice r
and issued invitations for a poker party
and luncheon The Invitations read "From
11 a. ei. to 5p m." Allthedebutantesof
the season were Invited, but whether or
not Uiere was collusion among the mothers
of tltose same girls the season's 'buds"
were decidedly to the fore. The story
runs that the hostess made the cost of her
luncheon and 4 9 cents to boot, while sev
eral of her guests departed homeward after
5 o'clock with well lined pocketbooks.
On the fcxine blocklivcs the leader of al!
the fashionable poker cluba in Washington.
Her house has for years been the gather
ing place of the players, and interesting
stories are afloat concerning fierce games
which have been played there.
On one occasion several men at the Met
ropolitan Club concocted a "scare' for this
lady. Thoy gravely informed her that
since the passage of the law prohibiting
poker playing In Washington her house had
bf-en shadowed by private detectives, with
u view to raiding it and having the whole
affair up In the police court. The result
was magical. For a wcekor ten days there
after tlie homv was as dark and silent as
tlie grave, while the poker players who
bad been wont to gather there in social
mood fairly held their breath with fore
boding. Then somehow It got, out that
a trick had been played upon them all by
those festive Metropolitan clubmen, ancx
the windows were no longer darkened nor
were the hearthstones cold.
Last season it became the fad for partes
to go from here to Alexandria and spend
the morning playing poker at one or the
cafes of that city. That men should go to
Alexandria to Indulge In poker playing
was not to be wondered at, because of the
laxity of the Virginia law in regard to all
such matters. But that fashionable women
should follow suit and consider It no
end of a lark, instead of playing cards In
their own elegantly appointed houses In
Washington, to go to Alexandria and
ppend three or four hours at poker in a
cafe which In this or any other large city
would certainly not be ranked as first-class,
seems Inexplicable. Do ic tbey did, how
ever, and got gossipped about no end In
Of course, while high stakes are the
rule, they d& not always prevail among
the fashionables. Such things have been
heard of as card parties at which not a
penny changed hands.
Several seasons sirn-c an all-day card
party took place at the residence of a
widow living on one of the broad west
end nenue Among the players wa the
beautiful wife of a Senator, who is her
Kaiior by many yeans. Tlie Senator's wife
became .o Involved In the game that she
was obliged to let her husband know of the
state or affairs He paid his wife's "debt
of honor," but be raised a storm about
It and gave the hostess a heated expression
of bis opinfon. He threatened to make the
whole affair public if anything of tlie kind
ever occurred again. The friendship be
tween the widow and the Senator's wife
ceased from that hour.
TVantert by Philadelphia Police.
John Wembach, & colored man about
twenty-eight years of age, who Is sup
posed to be in Washington, is wanted by
the Philadelphia authorities. lie stabbed
a man la a drueken row and the Injured
party is not expected to live.
Continued from First Page.
'nMance before the local magistrates ut
TnK 3iftAsKitet.V BOAST.
After the Crime He JCxelnlined, "I
Dave Fulfilled ily ills.siuu."
Madrid, Aug. 8. Atter the crime had
been committed the murderer exclaimed,
"I have fulfilled my mls-sion.''
The nssas-in Is about twenty-eight years
of age- He is of middle height nnd wears
After his arrest he was cool and appar
ently unconcerned. He ay frequently that
he is an anarchist, He states thnt the anarchist.-,
or Barcelona are friendly to him.
He traveled in France, Belgium and Kng
land, and returned to Madrid in July,
after having served eighteen months' im
prisonmentin Lucerne for beingthe author
of revolutionary proclamations.
He declare that he euterrained no
personal hatred or Senor Canovas and
that ills shouting him was a political
The body of the prime minister will be
embalmed and be accorded the honors
or that of u marshid killed in a campaign.
Prepamtions are being made for a
Ac a late hour tonight there is no abate
ment of the excitement and indignation
caused bj the murder.
Great precautions are being taken to
safeguard the passage of the royal train
from San Sebastian to Madrid when the
queen regent returns.
SKNOH SAGASTA VS OFFEH.
Hboral Lender PlueeH IHmelC at
the Order of the Queen.
Madrid, Aug. 8. Senor Sagasta, the
Liberal leader, lias sent a dispatch to the
"I have heard with deep pain or the
crime which has t hrown us all in mourning.
1 place myself at the orders of the gov
ernment and the queen."
A HKilAHKABLK COINCIDENCE.
CanoTiM A .,! ss I nu ted "While An
nrchiNt Were Denouncing Him.
rnris.Aug. 8. At the momentof the as
sassination of Prime Minister Ca novas the
anarchists of this city were assembled at
the Theatre de la Repulrflque to protest
against whnt they termed the unjustifiable
severity with which they are treated In
Spain. A number of violent sieeelies were
made. One or the speakers, a Spaniard,
named Marmol, demanded the death of
CUHAN PATHIGTS REJOICE.
Gen. Sarigullly Suys That Cunavns'
Death ileum Cuba'.-. Freedom.
New I'ork, Aug. 8. The news or the
assassination of Senor Canovas waa io
celved by the Cuban colony in tills city
with great joy. "Weyler's reign of terror
is over. Cuba is free," they cned.
At the Hotel Habana, which is occupied
principally by officers and those who navn
relative-, in th war, the news was loudly
cheered. People ran about the house shout
ing tlie report to those who had retired to
their rooms. Cheers for Cuba libre were
Gen. Julio Sanguilly said: "The death
of Canovas brings the end of the war in
sight. It is a great deal to our rause, and
meant, as much as many months of hard
fighting. Canovas death means the down
fall or the party. Sagasta will nl once come
into power. This sudden ciiange or parties
may cause a civil war in Spain.
"Sagarta's first move will undoubtedly
be to recall Weyler. In fact, Weyler'a
reign of terror is at an end Martinez
Campos wdl be sent back to Cuba, and he
willcarryfull instructions tooffer autonomy.
"Sagasca will begin by orrcring auton
omy, and will not stop there. It It Is
not accepted, and the persuasions or Gen.
Campos are of no use, he will go a step
furpher. Who knows but he may offer
to give up the Island at once. The man
who killed Canovas little knew -of the
service he was doing Cuba and the many
crimes he was avenging. He has rid
Cuba of two of her most hated enemies
and brought the end of the -war in sight.
Canovas' death means Cuba's freedom."
SAGASTAVS LIFE IN DANGER.
Anarchist Suid to Have Also De
termined Upon Ills Denth.
London, Aug. S. The fact that the
Spanish government has taken control of
the telegraph wires in Spain causes some
xmruslon Jn the details of the assassina
tion or Senor Canovas, and in the events
which followed. It Is variously stated
that Gen. Azearraga, minister or war, and
Senor Cos-Gayon, minister or the Interior,
have been appointed prime minister ad
One correspondent reports that Senor
Canovas was unconscious ror two hours
before his death, while another declares
that he was conscious all the time, and
that his dying exclamation or "Viva Es
pana" was uttered because he believed
that his assasMu was a Cuban.
It Is also reported from some sources
that an attempt was made by waiters and
visitors at the bath to lynch the assassin
and that he was rtacued.pale and trembling
Detectives have been present la Santa
Agueda In considerable force ever since
Senor Canovas went there, the govern
ment being aware that at a meeting of
anarchists, held early In July, it was
determined that Senor Canovas should be
murdered before August 15, and Senor
Sagasta before August 30.
DE LOJIB'a VAIN HOPE.
Iiefnses to Believe That the
Premier Is Dend.
Lenox, Mass., Aug. 8. Senor Dupuy de
Lome, the Spanish minister, was seen at
his country place in Lenox this evening.
He was greatly shocked at the news of
the assassination of the prime minister.
"I have received a long cablegram
through the Spanish legation ac Wash
ington. It says that Senor Canovas was
shot at several times by an Italian, but
the dispatch does not say that the prime
minister was mortally wounded and 1
do not believe he was hurt. I cannot
believo thV press dispatches are true.
It Mems impossible. 1 certainly would
know if the prime minister was fatally
wounded. Tlie press rcpoits are exag
gerated.' . Senor Oe Lome read to the correspond
ent ills cablegram, received from Madrid,
which had been forwarded by Count Dalary,
or the Spanish legation at Washington.
"Canovas was shot at several times this
afternoon at Santa Agueda, near San Se
bastian, by an. Italian, who seems to have
been without associates. Tlie culprit was
arrested. The attack seems to have been
without political contrivance or premedi
tation. There Is peace in Spain."
Senor deLome said that this was all the
Information he had. He added:
"The dispatch does not say that Canovas
wa Injured. As the telegraph offices here
are closed, I can expect no further in
formation from Madrid tonight."
When -asked what the political- effect
would be" In Spain and on the Cuban
war, the minister said:
"The Queen Regent lives aud rules with
Canovas living; she rules ir he is dead.
Ir Car.ovas Is dead, 'hi queen will ap
point his successor. The death or Canovas
would Jcuve the Conservative party with
out a leader. Canovas was absolute leader
or tlie Conservatives the ruling party. He
stood alone, without a rival or equal in
political power. His deatli would be an
inestimable loss to Spain."
Senor De lxm said Canovas was his
warm personal rriend, and that their dip
lomatic relations had always bewi or the
must pleasant nature.
A TALK ViijJ WODFOHD.
He Says It Lh Too Early to Express
New i'ork, Aug. 8. A London dispatch
to the Tress quotes Minister Woodford, en
route to Spain, as saying of Canovas' as
sassination: "It is too soon to express any views as
to the cfrpct which the regrettable deatli
of Senor Canovas will have upon current
questions. It will not affect my move
menus, however, unless it becomes my duty
to reach Spain as soon as possible, In ordr
to express to thp Spanish government the
sympathy of the American Government."
INTERVIEW "WITH VALENCIA.
Spanish Ambassador to England
Upon the Assassination.
London, Aug. 8. In an interview this
ofternc-on the Count de Casa Valencia, tho
Spanish ambassador in this city, -who waa
a brother-in-law or Senor Canovas and ills
intimate rriend, suid that h had received
a brier telpgrnm announcing the fact thai.
Senor Canovas hj.d ben allot prior to the
receipt of the message from the Duke of
Tetuau He was not thim aware of the
deatn of Senor Canovas, for he said he
thought there was soum hope derivable
from th.' dispatch of the Duke, which was
timed later than his private dispatch, and
which emanated Jrom San SnhasUan, in
stead or Madrid. He slid that hn had wired
asking Tor further information, but had
recciw'd no reply. He added:
"It seems to m that there Is homething
very assuring In the sentence in the Duke'd
message about tranquility being maintain
ed, which certainly would not Ijp "the casa
If the assassin's object had been fully car
A MESSAGE FHOM TETl'AN.
Snj-s the Assassination Is Without
Any Political Significance.
London, Aug. S. The Spanish embassy
in this city has received a telegram from
the Duke of Tctuan, Spanish minister of
foreign affairs, which, translated, reuds
The ptlme minister, who was staying
at tne Sulphur baths of 'Santa Agueda,
has been the objector aiilnfamouscriminal
act. An individual who appears to In an
Italian, who was also staying at the es
tablishment, fired several shots from a
revolver at Senor Canovas, Inrilctlng three
Tlie criminal was taken in the very act.
He protests that he had no uccumpjices.
Everything appears to show that the
deed was one or an anarchist and without
any political significance whatever.
Perfect tranquillity reigns in the whole
or Spain, and there isnottbeleastsymptom
of anj alteration of state affairs.
A telegram from Lyous says that tho
newspaper, Express, printed List week
an Interview with an Italian inarchlsc
who declared that an anarchist blow at
Senor Canovas had been long prepared
aud that anopportunity was only u waited
to deliver it.
LONDON PRESS COMMENTS.
The Assassination Regarded as a
Heavy Blovr to Spnln.
London, Aug. 8. The Standard, com
menting on the assassination of Prime
Minister Canovas, says that foreign powers
and the revolt in tlie Spanish colonies
will probably regard the murder as evi
dence of much wider and more general
hostility to the constitution and govern
ment tli an really exists.
"They will see In the assassination that
Spain is the prey of Internal dissensions,
and, therefore, less to be reared In such
a conflict as she has been engaged in. It
will be for Spain, herself, to rebut the
assumption by acting with promptitude
and vigor against the murderer and his
The Morning Post regards the loss of
Senor Canovas as a heavy blow to Spain,
involving the probability of a revival of
her domestic uncertainties, while her colo
nial affairs and her relations with the
United States are still causing anxiety.
The Daily News says: "Death dealt
kindly by him, relieving him of the per
sonal humiliation of the inevitable failure
of Spain's 'colonial administration, which
he was not powerful enough to perform.
The future Is dark for Spain. This barbar
ous murder has removed one of the rew
men who were able to carry on the govern
ment amid the awful difficulties with
wliich it Is beact."
The Dally Mall says: "The Bismarck
of Spain may have often blundered In
dealing with the colonies, but he cannot be
reproached for his attitude to foreign na
tions. A diplomatist who could guide his
country eo admirably through its diffi
culties, arising from the overbearing and
Impertinent attitude of the United States
deserves warm praise for this Teafc alone."
The Chronicle considers the heinous act a
dire blow at the cause ot'ffeedom. It will,
It says, rouse all the forces of reaotlon and
will tie the Czar and Kaiser more closely
together In their desire to repress reason
able liberty. It will also give the baser
sort of British Tories an opportunity for
lauding tho virtues of a firm and resolute
Tho Times says: "Tho degree of con
sistency that Senor Canovas oxhlblted
during bis protracted public career, would
do credit to a party politician of any
country, and was probably unique in the
modern history of Spain. In him Spain
loses her best and most capable states
man." SKETCH OF THE DEAD PREMIER.
A Prominent Fignre In Politics for
Over Forty Years.
Don Antonio Canovas del Castillo was
born atMaJaga In 1828. His father was
a ecbool teacher and his mother a wash
woman. He entered public life as editor
of La Patria, an organ of Senor EIos
Eosasi, In. which Canovas defended con
servative ideas. In 1854 he was elected
deputy for Malaga, and since that year
he has never ceased to be a member of
the Cortes. As charge d'affaires la Homo
in 1856 he drew up the historical memo
randum upon the relations of Spain with
the Holy See which served as a basis for
He wastlien named successively, governor
of Cadiz la 1855, director general of the
administration in 1868, and under secre
tary of state for the Interior In 1861. In
1865 he was appointed minister of the
coloulen in the cabinet presided over by
Gen. O'Donnell. It was then that Canovas
revealed his superiority over most of the
Spanish statesmen. At that early date
he showed that he looked upon the colonial
problem as one -whose solution was moat
pressing, but this very fact makes him the
more responsible before history for hla
failure In solving It, although more 2haa
any other statesman, he had the authority
and the power to'impose his will upon those
who systematically opposed any measure
which might directly or indirectly tend to
relieve the colonies from political and
economic oppression by the mother country.
CantVuf proposed In 18G5 to establish
reforms in the Antilles, and to that effect
he convoked what was called the junta de
Inroriiuielon, which met at Madrid from
18C5 to IfiO". The Cuban delegates to the
juiiln expressed the gravity or the situa
tion and urged Ilia adoption of certain
reform.-. Their advice was totally ig
nored and the result was the Cuban revo
lution of 1868
It has not been definitely determined
whether or not Canovas was always faith
ful to Queen Isabella. He was accused
of conspiring with those who wished to
place the Duke u Jtfoiitpensier upon the
Spanish throne. -,T?iy scheme having failed,
Canovas went to ParUs and became recon
ciled with (Jueelt Isabella. He presided
over the education of' young Don Alfonso,
then Prince or Asturjas, and inspired him
with comparatively liberal Ideas. He was
the soul or tlie movement, which resulted
in the proclamation or Alfonso XII, as
King or Spain, by Gen. Martinez Campos,
at Saguiito, on December ai, 1874. Can
ovas then asj,uiifcd pbwer, and was con
firmed In the premier-snip by the young
king, while still in Paris.
As the prime minister of the restored
monarchy, Canovas uescrted Ills compara
tively Liberal antecident8. He abrogated
the law for civil marriage, restricted the
right of aaso-latlon,.iitiollsl;ea the liberty
of learning, qeprivwl or their chairs at the
university such men as- Salmeroii, Cateliar
and oilic, some or whom were banished,
and conjoined to the return of the Jesuits
to Spain The "onrordator 1851 , with the
Holy Sec, was re-established.
With the exception of an interval of a
few months in 1S71, when Gen. Jovellar
was calld to office, Canovas continued
holding the premiership until February,
io tv, wnen, upon ihe return of Gen.
Martinez Campos from Cuba, Canovas
retired from orfic-j, to assume it again
December 30, in that year, retaining it
until February, 18S?J. Within this time
the Carlos wai was ended, and the Cuban
Insurrection was brought to a close. The
Catholic religion was declared the natfonal
religion, although the Worship In pi irate
of other sc:ts was tolerated, and so
neither the Catholics nor the followers
of other rclig'.oun were satisfied.
In January, 1884, after the collapse of
the Posada Herrera cabinet, Canovas was
again called to office, and he then showed
a more marked tendency to reactionary
In the Juminer of 1885 Canovas needed
to exercise all his authority to prevent
a war with Germany, as a result of the
seizure of the Islands or Ponape and Yap,
orr the Caroline archiepclago, by two
German men-of-war. In the defeuse of
the interests or Spain Canovas diew up
a memoranda on her rights In the Caroline
Islands, which was pronounced a marvel
In November, 1SS5. King Alfonso died,
and, fearing a republican uprising, Canovas
had a 8"cret meeting with Sagasta, at
the Pnrdo, at which an understanding
was readied between the rival leaders, by
which, in the interest they claimed, of
the monarchy, both agreed always to ace
in a friendl) manner toward each other,
and peacefully take turns in power, until
the king's successor reached his or her
Canovas was In the opposition until June,
1800, when Sagasta resigned, and, faith
ful to their agreement, advised the Queen
to caW Canovas. During this new term
of Canovas" rule, the colonial problem ac
quired its utmost gravity. The economic
agitation in Cuba became intense. Cuban
commissioners went to Madrid, but their
request for reform in the island's tariff
administration were unheeded.
In Dece-ntwr, 1892, Canovas resigned.
Canovas' opposition was the cause of the
failure of the colonial reform projected by
Minirtvr Maura, v,-hleh. as is generally
known would hac postponed, if it had not
completely averted the Cuban war. Called
to office again, and now for the last time,
In March,. 180i,short!y after the beginning
of the war, his administration was an un
interrupted ,pries or contradictions which
hardly commend hlni as a statesman.
THE EFFECT 1TPON CUBA.
Possible Tnflnence of the Assa-sslnu-tloc
TTpori the "War.
The death of,the premier, Canovas, when
taken in connection with the policy he
was pursuing -with reference to Cuba,
would naturally be welcome news from
the point of view of war and revenges.
It was, or course, desirable that an
expression of opinion on the death, or
rather its effect, should be had from
members of the Cu'oan junta, in this city,
of wliich Senor Quesada Is In charge,
with Mr. Albertini as secretary. Both
of these gentlemen are out of town, and
will not return here for a few days yet.
The viewsof Col. Aguierre, who Is a native
born patriot, are given below.
Senor Dupuy DeLome, Spanish minister,
and most of his staff were not in the city,
the minister being at Lenox, Mass., for
The members of the Foreign Relations
Committee of the Senate who have given
this matter most attention are also not
in town Just now. Representative Hltt,
whose opinions are also valuable hi matters
of foreign policy, Is at his home in Illinois.
It may be interesting to restate, now,
briefly the recent history of Senor Castillo.
He was the leader of the Conservative
party, enjoying the full confidence of the
Queen Regent, and In full sympathy with
her policy toward Cuba. He was a firm
supporter of Weyler, In the methods of
that commander in the prosecution of his
war o" extermination in Cuba.
It was due to the stand of Castillo for
Weyler that the latter was not recalled at
the .time of the recent ministerial crisis,
which resulted from an encounter of the
Duke of Tetuan with a member of the
Liberal party. As a result of that encoun
ter the liberals refused to participate in
the Cortes. This precipitated a crisis, and
tho Quten Regent summoned Senor So"
gasta, the leader of the Liberals, and others
to a conference. Sagasta insisted upon the
retirement of Tetuan, and also.lt is under
stood, upon the retirement of Weyler. The
Queen, after careful consideration and a
conference with the premier, In whom she"
had the fullest confidence, refused to sub
mit to thesp demands.
The failure of Weyler'a recent campaign
for which so much was promised and ex
pected, had put Weyler in bad odor with tho
minister, and It is stated that his recall
was certain it a Spanish general of suf
ficient standing could be found who would
be willing to take his place.
It is very probable that tho death of the
premier, even should he be succeeded by
another Conservative, will result In tho
recall of Weyler. It may be remarked,
however, that, while party lines are sharply
drawn In Spain upon questions of domcstlo
policy, and as to the proper conduct of
foreign affairs, so far as the Cuban ques
tion Ib concerned, Liberals and Conserva
tives alike agree In an unrelenting de
termination to hold on to the island so long
as it is possible.
It would appear that the Cuban leaders,
whllo gratified at the removal from tho
stage of aa actual foe, have yet to
contend with the possibility of a mora
cruel and vindictive premier.
MR. MeKINXEY NOTIFIED
He Refuses to Make Any Comments
"Upon tbe Assassination.
Plattsburg.N". J., Aug. 8, President Mo-
A National Scourge.
The Brain Worker Most Liable.
n,3'i?re l& .a BCOurse going over the land,
ana it selects rorits vic;tnm die active man,
the business mdn, the brain worker, tho
student, the clerk, and nil those whds
nervous system is impaired. Were it eon
nned to one class or people alone, we could
better arford to pnxs ic over in silence, but
it has become so universal and so broad
cast In Its destructive course that It Is time
to sound a warning.
Ex-aosted Nervous VKalitv
Is entering our very bast homes; ltl break
ing down our peacerul rumilies and sow
ing the seed of destruction in our children;
it ts wreck in tin inroiinnr.u ni -,..! ,ri.,r.,.
est and must promising minds. It 1 the
worst plague that ever visited this fair
earth, and has sialu more noble men and
Women tlimi tin. rni-ai ...,..!..,... ,.,.n,....
fever or smallpox, that ever rug.-d.
1411 Penna. Ave." Adj. WillanTi Hotel,
this class or diseases, and who by long ex
perience and continuous success has dis
covered the perfect treatment to rure, is
the physician to wiiom all sufferers should
5.00 A ftlOMTH
cl '"1 ,1,nesl Tce cnarKeo medicines In-
,n?Ily office hours, 10 to 5; Mondav,
Wednesday, Thursday, and Saturday, till
a p. m., Sunday, 10 to 12.
SIS' CONSULTATION FREE. -a
ivlnley refused to make any comment or
statement when notified or the assassina
tion or Trime Minister Canovas thid even
ing. He -Mild lie knew none of the particu
lars, and tlie deed In itself was too horrify
ing to comment upon.
tJECHETARY SHERMAN'S VIEWS.
Hoes Not Think Canonis' Death
Will Chaofie Spain's Policy.
It Was between 5 and 0 o'clock yes
terday evening when the Department of
State received Information of the death
or Senor Canovas, and soon afterward a
representative or The Times culled on Sec
retary Sherman, and asked him what he
thought the political results will be from
"Tlie death or any one man," said the
Secretary, "very seldom arfects a political
party in power. It seems to me that In
this case tlie effect, if there should be
any. would be to strengthen the Canovas
party. It will create sympathy, and that
will add strength."
"Will a message of condolence be sent
to the Spanish government?"
"I presume so. That, of course, rests
entirely with tno President, but I believe
it is customary in such cases to send a
message. Yes. I think a message will be
sent tomorrow," (Monday.)
"Will special Instructions to Minister
Woodford be necessary if there should be
a complete change or thi Spanish ministry?"
'I don't think so," said Mr. Sherman;
"he lias his instructions, and he is to deal
with the Spanish government and not with
political paitics. He will use his own
judgment as to attending the funeral of
Senor Canovas l do not see now how
any change in the ministry can affect or
Tender necessary any chungein Gem Wood
"What, In your opinion, Mr. Sherman,
will be the effect of the death of Senor
Canovas on the Cuban situation?"
"If I answered that question, it would
be a jruess, aud 1 do noc want to make
"Does it appear to you that Spain 13
getting near the end of her resources?"
"Perhaps so, but It also seems to me
that the Cubans are about at the end of
theirs. I do not know what effect the
death of Senor Canovas will have on the
Spanish government, but the tendencies
of the Spanish people are toward a re
public, aud 1 think that it will not be a
long time before Spain has a republican
form of government. It has practically
had It on two ttccaslons. In fact, the
tendency of most of the European govern
ments is toward republican government
The most pronounced of these are Italy,
.Belgium, aud England, while France has
Another official connected with the State
Department eald later that he believed the
death of Canovas meant a change in the
ministry, and that the liberals will come
"If this should be the ca.se," he said,
"It menus that the wur In Cuba is about
over, and that Cuba will have her inde
pendence." Senor Dupuy de Lome, the Spanish min
ister to this country, Is at Lenox, Mass.,
and all the secretaries and attaches are out
of the city and could not be reen last night.
Robber Loots a Sloop.
A thief entered the cabin of the sloop
BcFSle, now lying at the foot of the
Eleventh-street wharf, and took a very
fine shotgun, the property of Capt. Fred.
Tho Joaqnln Miller Report.
Slug Forty-seven What Is that's taking
you so long? v
Slug Sixty-eight (who has never seen any
of Joaquin Miller's manuscript before)
Blamed If I know. It seems to be a cor
respondence from the Klokndlke.but that's
only a guess. AH I'm certain of is that
I'm setting it up according to copy-
(Subsequently turns out the following:
"HunsuwQlfg.Znlq gg Iggg. Xo w?lwoq
gbq & nennes ljxxenu mzztat ucmg vpvci;
& iwccpt )( ory oe iat mmmmm hlghlgzhl
Klonl ike. Pzzz bwbjlmcmlo old Xukon
rwewnltabbgvq aud muu lululccccsussnnnp
-I vevenfff "uaf Mpeuldd?!"
etc.) Clicago Tribune.
A Big Crowd nt Chnnel Point Not
Avlthstnndlng the Rain.
Sharp at 9:30 the River Queen lert yes
terday for Chapel Point with a crowd on
board that filled the boat to its utmost
capacity, without overcrowding. The com
pany took care that the boat should nob
The rain in the morning somewhat
marred the pleasure of the trip, but for
tunately the weather cleared up before
the boat arrived at the Point, and a
lorious day was spent.
The afternoon was probably tho most
delightful Sunday afternoon spent this year
bright and sunny without being unpleas
antly warm, and the sunset, viewed from
the boat, was magnificent.
After repeated requests the Marshall Hall
Steamboat Company has decided to allow
the River Queen to run to ChapelFointoa
Tuesdays and Thursdays for the rest of
the season, as well as on Sundays', so that
every one may have a chance to take this
It is always gratifying to rcceivo testi
monials for Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera
and Diarrhoea Remedy, and when the In
dorsement la from a physician It is espe
cially so. "There is no more satisfactory or
effective remedy than Chamberlain's Colic,
Cholera and DJarrhoeaBemedy," writes Dr.
E. E. Robey, physician and pharmacist, of
Olney, Mo.; and, as be has used the Remedy
in his own family and sold It In his drug
storo for six yeare, he should certainly
know. For sale by Henry Evans, Wholesale
and Retail Druggist, 938 F street; Connecti
cut avenue and S street northwest, und
1428 Maryland avenue northeast.
THE PLOTOCHAT'S Plffl
Dr. Kent's Review of Undemo
cratic Educational Institutions.
ANDREWS AND BEMIS CASES
Private Wenth Creates nnd There
fore Assume to Control Uni
versities The Dismissal of An
drews Chnructeri'ttid us Dirty
Work The Professor's Stand.
The Rev. Dr. Alexander Kent, the elo
quent p.tstor of the People's Church, Typo
graphical Temple, delivered a sermon yes
texday morning whose sentiments, some
times political and at all times philospphi
cal,were many times applauded by theaudl
encc. His-subject was"OurUnlversltlesand
Our Millionaires,'' a theme which when an
nounced immediately suggested Brown Unl
vroity and what the gold standard peo
ple did to its silver professor.
An interootlng treatment of Dr. Kent's
subjea was hl.H collation of various editor
ials on the dismissal or Prof. Andrews".
The sermon in part was as follow:
One of the stock arguments of press and
pulpit In favor of unlimited private wealth
has been the somewhat numerous In
stances in which this wealth has been
freely used in the furtherance of vital
public interests. Not a few of the great
educational institutions of the country
owe ttir.ir existence to the munificent gifts
ota few very wealthy men. The Girard-j.
Turts.Vanderbllu, Cornells, Stanfords,Hop
kin, Pockefellers, and others have, It lias
been felt, shown so broad a spirit of
l'berality and wisdom, as to quite Justify
the industrial system under which such
vast private accumulations and gifts were
posalble Hut in recent years, as the
teaching or these colleges and universi
ties has come to deal more directly with
the great questions of production and dis
tribution and to concern Itself more and
more about the etldcal element in po
litical ecwromy, these men or gieac wealth
have beea showing a disposition to claim
a sort or property right in these institu
tions. As private wealth created or en
dowed them, they seem to assume private
wealth has a right to control and direct
them to its own behooL
At all events they have been exercising
the power whether they assumed the
right or not. We all remember what
a stir was made when ProL Bemis, or
Chicago University, advocated municipal
ownership or gas works when the Standard
Oil Company was interested In the local
monopoly. It was denied, of course, that
Prof. Bemis dismissal was dne to this,
and an attempt was made to show that
he was discharged for "the good of the
service," as they say here in Washington
when they wish to make a political re
moval. But the evidence was clear and
couduslve that Prof. Bemis attitude on
social and economic questions was at
tlie root of the trouble. Heresy on this
matter was all the evidence of iacom
pctenc v wanted by any of wealth's minions.
Frof. Bemis' case had hardly ceased to
be a subject for public discnsRion. when
President Andrews, of Brown University,
wa dismissed for a kindred reason. Presi
dent; Andrews incurred the enmity of the
gold standard men during the late cam
paign, because of his pronounced bimetal
lism, aud his undisguised hostility to the
gold standard policy.
Weighing the grounds of justification
for tlie dismissal of Prof. Andrews, Dr.
Kent said, In conclusion:
The rights of individual men are not
determined by the requirements of their
business. Their Individual business, should
be determined and regulated by the rights
and necessities of the whole social body.
It is their low view of the right of self
protection commonly held that has ruled
the trustees or Brown University. It was
this that shaped their demand that Presi
dent Andrews should not pursue a course
that tended to alieniate wealthy men and
diminish the revenues or the college.
The Hartford Courant has some perti
nent words on this point. It says: "For
the last quarter-century the average col
lege president has been devoting the most
and the best or his time to seeing how
he could get the money or tlie millionaire.
It would prove a mighty Interesting course
In economics and In morals ir those edu
cated and perceptive Instructors, heads of
the great institutions of learning, would
now deote a few years to seeing how
the millionaires themselves got their money,
and to enlighten tlie youth or the laud on
"This, we venture to say, would doa good
that would many times outbalance any
harm that President Andrews might do
with his sliver fallacies. The Hycophantic
course of some college promoters toward
men who hecome rich by methods that are
without j:istlficatlon has been a big factor
in the demoralization that now prevails."
Qf course we admit that colleges must
have money, and that, as the Springfield
Republican tays, the men to whom they
must now appeal arc mainly the captains of
Industry-men of positive views and fear
ful of what the social unrest of tlw time
is leading to. The men who will give or
their wealth freely in the iuterest of higher
education a.nd leave the matter of what
shall he taught entirely to the faculty
only asking that they be loyal to the truths
they see. aud that they be ever on tho
search for more are very rare. There are
not encugh of them in the whole country
to support a single college. Rut they are
aImo-t as numerous ,is the professors and
presidents whose love of truth Is deep
enough to make them jeopardize their
bread and butter for its sake. And so, as
the Springfield Republican says, the con
clusion to which not a few colleges seem
to have come Is, "We must teach what the
captains of industry deem to bo proper
and safe." The extent to which the tyran
nous rule of these captains is interfering in
the realm of thought and speech is not ap
parentln theusual pressstatement touching
the causes of President Andrews1 removal.
One would get tho impression from these
statements that President Andrews had
been an offensive partisan that he had
stumped the country for free silver or some
thing of this kind. But the facts are that
he has never made a public speech or pre
sided over a public meeting or in any way
taken public action in behalf of the free
coinage of silver. His views were drawn
out in private correspondence by former
students of the university, and In one or
two cases published by the parties receiv
ing them. It was the publication of one of
these letters, revealing tit the world Presi
dent Andrews attitude on the money ques
tion, th.it moved the trustees to demand a
change In his policy yr a resignation cf
his office. If he would promise to see that
no more of hla letters got into print, and
A Blessing For tlie Ladies.
Thousands of ladies are using Brazil
ian Balm. For soreness, pain, bearing
down and many kinds of trouble, it acts
like a charm. A 50 cent or dollar bottle
often does more good in one week than
any other remedy does in months. It
goes right to the spot, removing all in
flammation. Mrs. Geo. V. Roberts, of
Wilmington, Del., says, "A strong solu
tion of Brazilian Balm and warm water
used as an injection has done me more
good than all the remedies and prescrip
tions I ever tried."
for the price a
during our off sale.
Three of anything in the
clothing line excepting
separate trousers or
Everything's marked in
plain figures take off a
third and pay us the bal-.
Corner 7th. and E Sts. N. W. '
No Branch Store in Washington.
iSUlfjfO King or Koncn and Water Bug
exterminators. BROWN'S, 7th and
t - ave au-3t-ern
i ua VK tms Gtn day or August,. 18S7.
witnorawn rrom the firm of Post &
cniveu, ana will not be responsible ror
any ueDts made in the rrrrn's name after
aoore date. j. H. CUIVKLL,
am-ac i. r. jQST.
DKN'TISTRY done on weeklv and monthly
payments; crown and bridge work a
specialty. DR. T. W. STUBBLEFIELD,
11th and F sts., over Hertz's Drugstore.
STATE OF Mary E. Colburn, deceased;
Xo. 7245. Docket 22. Jose if- Yznaga,
executor, has. with the approval of the
supreme court of the District ur Columbia,
holding a special term for orphans court
business, appointed Friday, September 3,
1837, at 10 o'clock a. m.', as the time, and
said court as the place, for making pay
ment and distribution under the court's
direction and control; when and where all
creditor! and persons entitled to distribu
tive shares or legacies or a residue, ara
notitiea to attend in person or by agent or
attorney, duly authorized, with their claims
airainst the estate properly vouched: Pro
vided, this order be published once in each
ot three successive weeks before, bald day
In the Washington Lav Reporter and Wash
ington Times. Signed August G. 1897.
J NOTA ilcGILL,, Register of Wills.
OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONERS OF
THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Wash
ington, D. C, August 9. 1897 -Notice Is
hereby given that the Commissioners of
the District or Columbia intend to make the
following Improvements, which is. in their
judgment, necessary Tor the public health,
safety and comfort; Assessments for one
half of the cost of the same will be made as
provided for la public actNo. 171 .approved
August 7, 1894. Parties who are interested
m the proposed work are hereby notified
that the Commissioners of the District ot
Columbia will Rive a hearinjr at the Dis
trict Building on August 25,1897, at 11
o'clock a. m. , to any and all persons who
may desire to object m said improvements
being made- SETTING NEW GRANITE
CURBING on lGth street northwest, be
tween Kenesaw avenue and Park street;
estimated cost. S300. JOHN W. ROSS.
JOHN B. WIGHT, W. M. BLACK. Com
mlsskmere. P. C. au9.1 0,20,21
EXTENSION OF HIGHWAYS IN THE
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Washington.
July l, 1897. To whom it may concern;
JUe commission created by section 2 of
vLeact of Congress approved March 2,
ibJ3, entitled "An act to provide a per
nln.J.enK,S5's,:em r highways la that part
ot the District of Columbia lying outside cf
cities," has received rrom the Commis
sioners of the District or Columbia a certt
riett copy of a map showing a proposed
permanent system of highways in tb
District o f Columbia within the ares,
bounded by North Capitol street, Florida
avenue. Eastern Branch, and the Distrtca
ne- This map and plats showing la de
tail how each lot and tract is affected by
the proposed system ot highways, are now
on exhibition in Room it, 4th floor, of the
District Budding All persons interested
are invited to examine the map and piata.
The ommu-ston will consider any sugges
tion or protest concerning the I oca t. on of
any highway or portion of a bishway as
shown on the map. The suggestions and
protests must be In wrttinu and rnus set
forth clearly the masons for the chances
and show the property owned or controlled
by the objector. All protests, etc.. muss
be submitted on or before the FIRST OF
OCTOBER. 1S97. and be addressed to tho
Chief on Engineers. U. S. Army. War De
partment, Washington. D. C. Tne com
mission will meet October 15, 1897. at 9
o clock a. m.. In the office of the Secre
tary of War, to dispose of all objections,
and will then hear orally rrom those who de
sire to thus support their written objec
tions. R A. ALGER, Secretary of War;
Si. ?.LSx SSv1'6?1 of tQe Interior:
JOHN M. WILSON. Chief of Engineers. U.
a. Army. Jyl2-13t,au9-154
keep Ws views on this question to him
self, the committee would allow the matter
to drop.QtherwUethey would be obliged to
act, and the corporation would demand tha
surrender of his office.
He declined to be muzzled, sent In bis
resignation, and has since accepted ths
presidency of the Cosmopolitan University,
a correspondence school, hacked by John
Brlsbru AValker, of the Cosmopolitan maga
zine. New i'ork Since writing tha fore
going the committee's explanation uf their
conference with President Andrews, to
gether with his reply, haseouie to my hand,
and their statement does not iq any way
require modification pf what have. said.
Their euphonious presciitationof the matter
does not in the least degree alter the ugli
ness or the disgraceful fact that they tried
to tempt President Andrews to keep back
truths, the realization of which he deemed
essential to the people's freedom and tha
nation's prosperity, and were willing to
keep ar-d use the ability of such a moral
renegade for the furtherance of their own
It la specially cheering to note thati
twenty-four out of thirty-seven members
of the faculty ot Brown University hav
united in address to th corporation pro
testing against the action taken in regard
to President Andrews, They show that
the charges of infficiency In furthering
the national interests ot the college
charges under covr of which the corpora
tion hoped to hide Its dirty work waf
utterly Jn the fac of well known facts.
He had more than doubled the university'4
But altogether, apart from thn ques
tion of money, they rpgard the policy of
suppression as fatal to the standing and
usefulness of the university, the students
well know, or suspect, that on certain sub-.
jects the silence of their president has bean
purchased or Imposed. It will bo known
that no man who cornea to the presidency
has" tho fibre or Mamma of Andrews, or
Wayland. or Sears, or Robinson. It he had
the men who dimis;Md Andrews would not
have chosen Mm. No student, therefore,
will expect hereafter anything more than
a cuckoo in the president's office.
AMITT On Sunday, August 8, 1897, atl
1:45 o'clock a, m., WALTER JOSEPH, In
fant son of R. J. and Sadie F. Amity
aged seven months and nineteen days.
Funeral from residence, No. 223 F street
northwest. Monday, -1 p. m.
Little Walter was our darling;
Pride or all our hearts and home
But an angel came and whispered
"Darling Walter, do come home."
It By his GRANDFATHER-
JOHNSON On Sunday. .August S.1897.
at 7:30 a. m., NORMAN WiLLrAM. in
fant son of William H , Jr.. and the lata
Mary b. Johnson, nee Burges3- Aged
twenty days. ,
J. WTT.T.TAJra XJEE.
332 Pn. Ave. K- tV
FIi-g.t-elaH iervlec 'Phone, 1333,