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THE TIMES, WASHITOr, SUNDAY. DECEMBER 5, 1897
50
ime
(SJOIJKIXG, EVEKIXO AND SOXDAY,)
BY
The "Washington Times Company.
STXLSON HUTCHINS, President"
BUTCHRCS BlTILDING.
Sunscmi'Tiox Kates.
Mojjtjiul; aw Caekieu:
Morning, Evening and Sunday, Fifty Cents
Morning and Sunday Thirty-five Cents
Evening and Suuday . Thirty-five Gents
BV 3IAH,.
One Yar, Morn., Eve. and Sunday. .$5.50
ax Months, " " " " 3.00
IhieeIonths' " ' " .. 1.75
One Year, Mbrninjj and Sunday 4.00
Six Mouths, " " " 2.25
Three Slontlis. " " 1.25
One Year, Evening an&Sunuay...... 4.00
Six Months, " " " 2.25
Three Months, " " " 1.25
Sunday only, one year.... 1.00
Orders ly mail must be accompanied by
rnuscriptiou price.
Tra-EmoxTiS: Editorial Hooms, 480;
Bnsiriess Office, 1C40.
Circulation Statement.
T1c circulation of Tan Times for Vie
Kick ended i-eiturday, December 4, 1S97, teas
ctjcHotcs:
Fttnda,'Xbrenaer SS. 23,200
Mcmdaji, J?KmlcrS9 S8.00S
Tuesday, November 30, 39,404
Wednesday, December 1. 30,993
Tlvrtday, December S. : 40.010
Triian, Dec-ember S. ,.39,045
taivrday, December 4. :59,304
' Total. : 259,024
j;cr attrage iSuzuteiy. 20d, x-ceptetl)-
39.304
G&nmtmicaiions Intended for publication
s The Times sfiould be tersely and plainly
xmitlcn and muel in all cases he accompanied
by the name and address of the writer. De
tected communications will not be preserved,
and cmbj manuscripts of oletous importance
k fH be returned to their authors.
Jl(9de of The Times who may at any
time he wnafcie to procure copies of it at any
vctes stand, railroad station or on railroad
trains will confer a fawr vpon the manage
ment by sending to this ojQlee information of
ihefacL
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 5, 18T.
Good for M.r. Porter.
A smn 11 commotion has been created by
nreoent order of Secretary Torter, -which
changes the days of the President's re
ceptions from Thursday to Wednesday.
As. Urtngi at present aie,and nave beeuor
many years, the Cabinet ladles lave their
weekly reocptiunK on "Wednesday, In the
afternoan. nd If the President's reeep
tla coir es on Wednewlay, la the evening.
tHese ladies say that Uiey will not have
tle foi botU and will by worn out. No
body watts the ladies of tlie Cabinet to be
ween oat, but tlie fact remains that if there
Is any pebble "way ly -which ilr. Porter
can sliorten trat gliastly farce called a
Cabinet reception by making it conflict
wt tiiat other ghastly farce called a
President reception if he has hit upon
a means tf -smashing, overthrowing, de-meraltefi-g,
puitaUsrlng, flattening out,
crowding dewn, squeezing up or -tircr-wise
destroying those two horrible fmic
ttoas the entire town ought to rise up
and call Wm blessed. Tlieoretieally, :t is
very pretty for tlte President to mingle un
reservedly with "his people, sliaking bands
with the humblest citizen, and it is yery
pretty for the ladies of the Cabinet to
meet the entire nation on a democrVic
btteis and offer it cakes and tea, but the
trouble is that they cannot do It Uieoreti
cally; it has to be done practically. The
President's hand has to Ik: squeezed and
attaken te a paralytic condition, the hojges
of tlie Cabinet people must be given over
to a howling mob, and they must go
uVogR the nerve-prostrating process of
sinking hands with people about whom
Uiey oare nothing- and whose only motive
in visiting them is the most idle curiosity.
If this horrible dime museum business can
be interfered with by Mr- Porter or any
other good man in the employ of the Ad
ifltuistraiton, it is matter for thanksgiving,
not for grier. Nobody w!k has any elf
respeet really enjoys being Jostled and
pusSted and crowded by people who are
engaged merely in the business of forcing
Uteinseivos into a house into which there is
no reasB that they should come. The of
ficers of tills Government are not a riiow,
uwt it they are to be made a sliow let them,
be put where everybody can see them- .Let
them sit on a platform at a public meet
ing In a building large enough to accom
modate the orowd. But let them not be
required to make Tussaud wax works of
themselves in a house designed by tiee and
ftmrisbing only for private social affairs.
Perhaps Mr- Toner's action is the enter
ing wedge which will split the Cabinet
reception off the social structure. If so,
Mr- Torter has done some good in this
"world, even should lie never do another
useful tWng .
An Adventurer in Chicago.
Baal lu Cnsillu has found that all the
tferHling experiences of life have not been
exhausted for him, and the rest of us
may take a lessyn out cf his book, if we
wW. Mr. du Chaillu's reports have in
iHMrod in many young boys a lively desire
to go to Africa and shoot gorillas, and
sometimes tHeyhavehtartcdout with that
Intention, and bve bad to be rescued
and carried home weepingt UiPir families,
and the consequences were painful. It
was thelmpressionuf Uieee yGungstersthat
owe must go to the jungles of Africa to
raeot with real adventure- The tales that
"wore trfd of good boys who sought their
adventure in the vicinity cf the woodpile
and the grindstone- someiiow were not so
allnriHg.
But Mr.tbiChail'ti has addeda new chap
ter to his life's saga, which he says is
more UirHling than anything that ever
happened to him before. He has been
sandbagged in Use. suburbs of Chicago. He
says r.c would rather fight a gorilla than
o through the experience again. In the
first place he was attacked while alone
and unprotected, whereas when he has
oeen journeying in the jungles of Africa
he has always had a company or native
t assistants, who were very handy when
he met with some oeast -which he did not
quite understand, and they were conven
ient, too, because oeing unable to read -or
write they never contradicted bis stoTy,
be
and he could tell it in his own way. Uut
on this occasion there were no native
abSibtants on hand, and to-Mr.du ChalU-fs
horror he saw that there was not a :aluoi)
In sight, and that settled the fact that
there. wai no policeman in sight either.
The policeman and the salunn are good
friends-in Chicago. No policeman being
visible, the great traveler took to im
plying Providence for assistance, which is
what people usually do when they ennnr.t
get a policeman and want to save their
money. Mr. du Chaillu said prayers in five
lauguagcb one after the other, in the lupe
that sonieuf them would hit. .Doubtless lie
has been In tight places before, and has
said prayers iii the language of whatever
Country he happened to cceupy, aud has
been taken for one of the natives end
helped out of his hole. Or it may be
that he did not really kuowwhat language
was spoken in Chicago, and wj&hod to be
sure of making himself understood. At
any rate, ho got away from the robbers,
and if he did it by saying prayers In five
languages tuere is some use In the Tower
of Babel after all. It has been a matter
of speculation for a number of centuries
why mankind should nave to loam so
many different ways or talking, when
talking is realty of so little use, but pos
sibly Mr. du Chaillu has hit upon one reason
for the system. At any rate he got away.
'Iwo JAbrnrJes.
There is to be a new public library In
New York city, and it is to ba a fine
one. The library will be situated In
Bryant Paik, the old reservoir being re
moved, and a new building, costing two
and one-halt million dollar; erected for
the housingof theNew York P.iblic Library,
Astor, Lenox, and Tilden -foundationn.
Architects Ifttve been selected to prepare
the plans of the structure, and the tnisteefi
confidently expect it to be one of the
finest library-buildings in the world.
This lb all as Jt should be. The country
cannot have too -much beauty in its public
buildings, and if New York chooses to
ouulo "Washington, and then Chicago Is
(stimulated to outdo New York, and San
Fraucjsco ci.tclie the fever and go?K on
to outdo Cnicago, there will be just so
much nlore fine architecture, of which the
whole country can ba proud and glnd, and
in which eacli particular city can delight,
and to which foreign nations can look when
tney really want to know what America
nan done- in the line of art. There .nlht
be a question about the wisdom of erecting
fine public buildings which can in the :iu
ture of things be little more than a show,
and do not minister to the real pood,
mental, moral or physical, or the gr.iat
mass of citizens, but there can be none as
to the good of a great library, and for
the good of the readers it i-hould behoved
In a building as artistic as possible, be
cause that wii; elevate the thought of the
people who go there, and exercise a silent
but powerful influence over our whole
civilization. "Therefore, let the good work
go on, and let the New York rubllo .Li
brary bo worth taking a journey to New
York to fcee.
Hut there Js one point which sliould be
noted, in connection with the plan for this
New York library. Before a single briclc
was laid, before the ground was broken Cor
the foundation possibly even before the
plans were submitted by the competing
architects, it, was settled that that library
should be kept opeu every day of the year.
The resolutions presented to the board
provided Hint one or more of the reading
rooms should be open on every day of the
week except Sunday, and on all legal and
pnblic holidays, from 9 in the morning till
9 In the evening, and yn Sundays Trom 1
p. m. until 9 p. in., possibly later. Thore
will also bo a free circulating branch of
the libraiy, open during the day time on
Sunday, and on every evening till 10
o'clock Thus the usefulness ot the library
is secured, not only to students who wish to
use it for some special purpose, not only
to the Idle classes, who have nothing to
do during the day, and who seldom have
any use for a library, but to the immense
mass ot the people whose leisure time is
only after 6 In the evening, and some
times only on Sunday. These people are
by the resolutions adopted allowed to use
the library for three or four h-iurs iu the
evening, all of Sunday afternoon andeven
ing, and are permitted to take home books
which the whole family may enjoy--the
iLother, wiio is tied hand and foot by the
care of little children, and the old people'
and invalids to whom books m?au Mi much
more than they ever can to people who
are -well and strong. The contrast be
tween this arrangement, which seems to
have been recognized by the 'jiliaem of
.New York as Imperatively needed, aud
that of our own Congressional Library, is
too obvious to need any comment.
Cause nd Effect.
Then- is a lady in SL Elizabeth sTnsane
Asylum who wants to get out, and she has
written some letters to the Commissioners
informing them of that fact. Of course.lt
is not strange that she should v.int to get
out few people would choose an insi.de
asylum as a place of residence if 'hey
could help themselves but there apjuir to
be some particularly aggravated circum
stances in this case. The lady declares
that she is in her right mind, but has not
been allowed to prove the fact, and. fur
thermoie, that she has been ill-treated.
She says tliat, while it is all right lor,
people to go to Cuba to rescue prisoners
they should "pay some attention to people?
illegally confined near home. She 6taes
that the board of visitors at the asj linn r re
afraid to oWend the physicians and vill
do nothing for "her, and, furthermore, she
says that the only paper which she is al
lowed to read is the V.'usbingtou Evening
Star.
This unfortunate lady was "sent to the
insane asylum on July 5, 1S94, after a
careful examination, which resulted in her
being adjudged Insane. "Whether it -was
supposed that the soporific and benign in
fluence ol our stellar contemimrary would
lull what was left of her mind off into
dreamless repose or whether the idea waR
that the Evening Star is peculiarly Tit read
ing for the inmates of Bedlam, is nutslatod,
but it appears that since tliat time, more
than tlirea years in all, she lias been read
ing the Evening Star and nothing else.
The misery of this condition can iiarJIy L-e
comprehensible to people of ordinary wealth
and opportunities. They may read the
Evening Star, but it Is neutralized to tiwm
by other reading. They can pernss popular
novels.theatricalprogranis, bill boards, and
Sunday-school books, to say nothing of
other newspapers, and thus take their
niiLds oft the experience. Even the poor
est people do not need to read the Even
ing Slai. They can stand on the sticct
corner and see the circus go by. They run
go to night schools where book.3 are- Tree.
They can listen to street pianos and look in.
shop windows. They are not Ant up for
three long years and compelled to read the
Evening Star nnd associate with crazy peo
ple. The lady in Question says that she is
not allowed to prove her sanity. Ho-.v can
she be expected to prove it while she is
reilur-fd to the Evening Star for her lead
ing? She should have a chance, however,
bemuse a person who has survived this
experience and still has brains eno.sgh
left to insist tliat she is sane is a pcrgo'n
of no o:dlnary intelligence. It is notneces
sarj' to provide insane jeople with books
on differential calculus and give them x
pensive entci tuinments und dinner services
of Sevres china, but a civilized stafcejjhould
refill iu from taking undue advantage of.
their helplessness by making them, .read
th- "Washington Evening Star. '"Let -Miss
IJrysdale's case receive consideration.
The Cliristenlnir of the Kentucky.
There is a young lady in Kentucky who
feels veiy much injured, and she is mak
ing her woes known as widely as she can.
There seems to be a complication of some
sort somewhere, "but it is not fpjite clear
whether it is in the Navy Department or
merely in the young lady's feelings.
The complication concerns the christen
ing of the new battleship Kentucky. The
ship wa8 authorized during tho last Ad
ministration, and It was Secretary Herbert,
wno decided that It should be named
Kentucky. "Whether the ship was hon
ored by having that name, or the State
was lonorcd by havinga battleshipjiatn.il
Kentucky, is a qupstion which ne?d not
be discussed now. Perhaps it was a case
of reciniocity. At any rate, the slilp was'
named Kentucky, and somehow or otuer
thls young lady got the Idea tliatvbhe
would be the one to christen it. This
being the case, when Gov. Bradley an
nounced that his daughter would figure
as sponsor on thatf occasion , there was
surprise, and sorrow, and woe, and re
marks about It. The disappointed young
lady says that the honor came to hur
absolutely uusouirht. at a f-oelal gathering
iu "Washington, and tliat everybody present
understood the matter Just as she did.
Of coarse Secretary Iferlicit could promise
bcr the pleasure of christening the Ken
tucky, If he liked, and he could prorq'e
her ahxost anything else in the next,VJ
ministratiun, but how that would bind
Secretary Long to keep the promise is not
clearly been. If it would, there are a
great many people who held office under
Mr. Cleveland who would be feeling much
more comfortable than they are today.
Secretary Long, however, lias appointed
a lady to christen the ship, and it happens
that she le the daughter of Gov. Bra Hey.
There is no special reason why he shojlj
not have appointed Miss Bradley, and no
reason why he should not pay attention to
the recommei.datlons or other people about
her; In fact, lie has in no way exefed'-id
his authority and is in no way bound by
any promise which may have been made
hy 3Ir. Ilerbprt. But this disappointed
Kentucky young lady seems to think tint
she has been liadly treated. A great de4l
can he excused to a person who' feels that
way. The only thing left to do is to
mourn, and it seems to telieve the feelings,
sometimes, to mourn loudly, -andmake
peopl hear. ,
Altgeld on .Injunction.
During recent years it has grown o be
a fashion to denounce as anarchists all
American citizens who, in any prominent
sense, undertake oi dare to place tljem
fcelves in opposition to the organized forces
of the gold and bond syndicates, the trusts
and monopolies. In this way the Hon.
John P. Altgeld, former governor of Illi
nois, has lieen assailed by all the powers
of the day opposed to the interests of
the plain people ot America, and denounced
as an enemy of modern society; but when
one comes to analyze his utterances, with
out prejudice, and without reference to the
manufactured opinion regarding hlni, which
certain influences have spent labor, in
tcllt nnd money to build up, it does not
so clearly appear that his published views
and sentiments do not tairly represent good
American sense and patriotism.
For example, Mr. Altgeld sent to a New
York paper, the other day, an epitome of
ids ideas as to government by injunction, a
matter which everybody must admit is
growing to be an issue before the country.
In this connection he says that courts -
of chancery have the power to grant such I
injunctions as are clearly within the law,
and the field of chancery jurisdiction, and
but little fault wasfouud with the practice
as it formerly existed in this country. But
wlten some of the Federal courts became
mere Hle-door conveniences for corpora"
lions usurpation followed, and he enumer
ates some of them, as follows:
1st Courts of chancery undertook to
exercise a criminal jurisdiction with-which-they
were not vested by law.
I'd They undertook "to legislate by for-
bidding or commanding things which the
law did not forbid or command. For ex
ample, in one case forbidding men to quit
j the employment of a railroad; hi. another
case commanding men to return to work
for a railroad on pain of being sent to
jail; in another case forbidding men from 1
inarching back and forth on the highway;
j and in another casa forbidding a predcher
from preaching to miners during a strike
because the corporation boss did not like
the tenor of his sermons.
3d They forbade tilings which the law
already forbade, and did this for the pur
pose of depriving" men of the light of trial
by jury, so that they might be railroaded
to prisou without the necessary evidence to
convicL Trial by jury is guaranteed by
the Constitution to every man, yet these
corporation judges brush it aside with a
mere wave of the hand.
-1th The Constitution divides tlte pow
ers of government into legislative, judicial
and executive, und neither one is per
mitted to trench upon the other. Yet at
present the Federal judges assume the
Tight to exercise all tlirce.
5th Instead of government by law and
according to the forms of law, we get gov
ernment according to the Avhims and preju
dices of one man.
Ex-Gov. Altgeld expresses the opinion
that "the Federal judiciary is destroying
republican institutions in this country, va(1
will have to be changed or we will have tliv!
worst form of government ever known, and
that is an oligarchy of rich scoundrels." lie
annouuees the conclusion that all judges
'must le elected by the people, must
be responsible to the people, and limited
in their terms of ofrice just as much as
-the legislative and executive officers are."
j In this we cannot say that as yet we are
ready altogether to side with Mr. Altgeld.
Evils and abuses must be attacked and
overcome at the fountain head, which is
the national law-making power, and that
j of course, is the Congress. If the l.iw-
making power Js under the control f an J
1 oligarchy, it will make little dlff jrnce 1
whether the judiciary selective, appointive,
or whether its tenure is a term of yeara or
for life M'e ijavQ witnessed the absolute
suppression, bt the popular branch of our
natlonulegtslature and supine submission
to itby kjetted representatives of Hie
people Vho'sliould "be ashamed ot them
selves that they did not accept death
rather tl;ansuch dishonor. "Wo have seen
nrolher and moro conservative branch of
that power "pacified," controlled, and
several other things which need not be
named, in-o.he interests ot elements und
influences lyhlcli antagonizo the genius
of democratic institutions and surely will
subveTt?fli8rn if their domination is not
clocked.'! .
A fountain will not rise higher than
its soui ce. A national judiciary inevitably
will reflect the. spirit, though on occasion
, i,t may depart from the letter, ot the law
making pthvor. The Congress is escaping
frpm the. hands ot the people. Its members
to an maiming extent, In both liousea, ere
nominated aud returned "under thedictatiou
of local bosses who, In turn, are owned
by wealthy private or corporate interests.
What the people want to' do is to escape
from that sough of corruption and op
pression. It is within their ability to
d-j so. Then, when they have regained
coidTol or their own legislative repmen
tatlou, it will be easy enough to enact
IjvvyHj.vhlch shall-clip the wings of injunctive
! judicial 'usurpation, and make the national
rbcnoh the conservator instead of the
usui-per-of American rights.
Theinofct amazing thlngabouttliis Federal
.judicial protest against the elevation of
Attorney .General McKenna to the Supreme
jCourt lathax some of these people in
supreme powder, decorated with the hand
Isome bylSTexpensive ermine, do not issue
.jau Injunction Restraining President MciCin
ley front making the nomination, and then,
on an ex parte hearing, make it permanent.
The Federal courts have an undoubted and
prescriptive right to Issue injunctions, and
their jurisdiction over any given subject
Is a matter entirely for their own good
sense, or wishes, to decide. If we are
to have government by injunction, let us
hae the complete animal. If the courts
own tile highways what is the reason why
they should not own the ways of making
Supreme Court justices.
Senator Frye is quoted as saying th.it he
does not' Ix-lieve the Cuban question can
be suppressed in the coming session ot the
Congress. If it should be, the fault will
lie with a certain big man from New
England, whose constitueiits.iindall Yankee
constituencies, ought to get arter and
discipline hliofor very shame. To put it
vernacularlyIt is rather a Medrord rum
thing for the descendants of Adams, Ar-
o
tenlus V.ard, tiWurren, Putnam, Ethan Al
len, and-' tins rent ot the old heroes to
tolerate-4.lMlP-represcntatlvcs In assisting
Spain to crush out liberty in an American
countrytTnj stating this, wo do nnt in
tend toijiect upon Senator" Frye, who
-he, shtfHtif himself, in tin 'premises, to be
a sturdjSt nrican; but it may lead to the
fcusplcloixftliati politically, he is in very
bad corupady..
k&
A. PO''iuany Senators seem to bo in
t&vorDfllrtJiSeusslng the Hawaiian an
nexation treaty In open session. Ifc is an
excellent idea, butjjne which is certain
'to meet with strong opposition. The in
fluences antagonistic to ratificat'on, tuch
'as the British Japanese, and Sugar In
terests, would rather keep their argu
ments as well ashelr Sena toria! representa
tives under the cover ot "executive ses
sIon., In cas-esrrike this? puulicityls un
pleasant -yvlifeu It is not dangerous to dls-
-tinguished individuals.
That many-sided son of glory, the Kaiser,
is blossoming out as a ccunoisseur in old
China. His acquisition of that antique
curio, the province of Shan Tung, excites
the envy of other conectors. It makes Eng
land feel that Hong Kong is not enough in
the way of bric-a-brac, and causes France
to think. thatEormosaJind an adjacent .ice
royalty on ihe mainland become necessary
a3 cabinet specimens. Russia already has
a neat exhibit iu the shape of Korea, and
general emulation proceeds to emulate. But
the idea of the Kaiser in sending 1,000
marines and 200 artillerists to Kiao Chou
to continue the quest after colonial curiosi
ties is not considered fair by the other
kleptochiniacs, and it may lead to diffi-
I culties of a. naval and military character.
As long as this diiletantiism is confined to
. the eastern hemisphere, probably we can
"Eland it.
-Lt Is Just .as well that the Idarhlehead
JfcuouIOLreacu Port au Prince without any
unnecessary loss of time. There is seme
danger that the Haitians, who are in a
-very ugly mood, might take it into their
headsto indulge in a massacre of the
Germans "resident in their principal port.
If a thing ot that kind were to happen
it would place us, in au awkward position,
in more ways, than one. Vc ought to
have a force at Port au Prince able to
compel the peace. It is not safe for us
to allow any excuse for European ag
gresslonJnournelghborhigisIands: Europe
is not in a mental condition to require
much excitement to attempt something of
the kind.
If ScnorftDupuy de "Lome purposes to
complain 0 the steamer Dauntless as u
"filibuEter'JtoUT advice to him is to con
sult, .a di4tiupflry Of international law.
The Daur.bps-sflt doubtless is tme has
landed a cargo of merchandise at some
point in Cubjr, as "any American vessel
has an indefeasible right to undir na
tional and international laws and treatis.
It is not claimed that she carried an
"armed expedition;" hence, truthfully, she
cannot be Termed a "filibuster." It is.
time thattiiteuurisenseof slandering peace
able commertitil'vessels was stopped. Ojr
Govcrnmcnt'"gt?ips its case away by toler
ating Siich-ljurnliug.
.No Comfort in It.
(From the Atchison Globe.)
It is said, to console a man when lie
loses his- money, that he is now in posi
tion to find out who are his friends.. That
is no consolntton; a man is happier when
he doesn't have to know whohlsfrlendsare.
Decorative Art.
(From the Augusta Herald.)
If society would only approveot the chrys
anthemum salad and wear turkey tails.in
their hats we would have Novembers that
no other nation could approach.
A "Warlike Sign of XVnce.
(From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.)
. The opposition fellows claim that Mr.
Hanna drew trat "olive" branch from his
pistol pocket
POLITICAL GOSSIP.
The consensus of opinion among states
men of all shndos and political tendencies
leads to tho belief that there will be
more talk than anything else in tho mat
ter of currency reform; that some sort of
a compromise will be agreed to on the
bankruptcy bill; that tho House Cuban
policy will be whatever the President de
sires; that immigration will be restricted
to the extent of establishing tho .Iliterncy
test, at least, and that Hawaii will be
annexed- Beyond this the future of this
session is largely problematical.
"Tlie Republicans," said Senator Jones,
chairman ot Uie Democratic national
committee, yesterday, "will not dare to
show their hands on the question ot cur
rency reform. They desire to retire the
greenbacks and extend the power of the
national banks indefinitely, but they are
afraid to do so. They know that if thay
attempt this thing there will be a big
split in their party, and they hesitate co
take the initiative. The President is
credited with being desirous ot inaugurat
ing something in this Hue, and yet every
Republican who comes to "Washington
says lie does not think anything will be
done, while most ot them state that such
action is ill-advised. The speculators will
prevent any action being taken on the
Culwn question, and the Administration
will be guided, whether right or wrong, by
tliat element. I am opposed to the propo
sltion to annex Hawaii, but I am inclm-id
to think that the treaty will go through.
I am unalterably opposed to any policy'
that means the acquisition or more terri
tory by the United States.
''The Republican tariff 13 a dismal
failure. It does not yield sufficient reve
nue, and is not the measure that it -was
promised to be- There will be nothiug
beyond talk and discussion on the sub
ject of civil service reform. The duration
of the session depends entirely on how
mean the Republicans act. If they oerce
the Democrats and drive measures through
that body with a whip hand, the Demo
crats may stay here all summer, for they
can't drive things through the Senate."
Senator Mills, of Texas, Is one of the
most bitter and at the same time one of
the ablest opponents of the annexation
Idea, He will antagonize the nnnexition
of Hawaii with every power at his com
mand. He will make a desperitc fight
to prevent It, and has told his friends that
he will not be content with any per
functory opposition. If parliamentary
tactics can be employed to prevent It he
will use them, and h declares that he
will not give up the fight until the question
la absolutely and finally settlod.
On the currency question he says the
Republicans will try much and accomplish
little. They will endeavor to fund the
Treasury notes and greenbacks into Interest-bearing
bonds and enlarge the power
of banks so as to enable them to Issue
money to make up the void caused by the
retirement of the greenbacks. They may
possibly be successful In the House, the
Senator says, but never in the Senate.
Mr. Mills snyn there will be no important
legislation and there is no reason why
Congress should be in session very long.
Mr-Mills Is oueof the most radical of the
friends cf tuba in the Senate, and wants :o
see the Senate resolution In favor of Cu
ban independence passed. He favors the
direct intervention of the American Government-
He said yesterday that the Sen
ate had met all the requirements in what
it had done up to this time, in passing
the belligerency resolution, and subsequent
action must depend on the course t the
Administration nnd the policy of the House.
That body, he presumes, will be governed
by the wishes of the Executive. The
belligerency resolution is now in the Hoi'se,
and Mr Mills says the sentiment there is
strongly In favor of it, but that theSpaaker
and the Administration behind him will
prevent aotion and stifle any exhibition
of patriotism.
"Absolutely nothing can come from the
Spanish scheme of autonomy,' said Mr.
Mills. "It Is too late for Spain to offer itr
tlie Cubans cannot accept it, and the war
will not be stopped until Cuba has achieved
her independence a 'condition which I ex
pect soon to sec realized-
"I expect to see something in the shape
of a bar.krnptcy measure pass. The tariff
law is a ridiculous failure. Breadstutfs
and provisions have risen in price from
failure in crops abroad, but, as always
happens, cotton is down, and the South
gets nothing."
Senator Cockrell does not look for any
general legislation. There can be, from
his standpoint, no currency legislation for
the Senate will not agree to anything
the House might pass.
"There will be a lively time in the
House over the appropriations," said the
"and the cry fot economy is now going
up from the "White House and from evjry
leader In order to keep expenditures do-vn
and give the tariff law a chance. The
Democrats in their palmiest days and their
most rigid demands for economy won't
be in it with the Republican efforts this
year, and the fun of It all is that tiny
will not be able to keep them down.
The House will run away with the com
mittee and the Speaker; see it it doesu t."
Mr. Cockrell is inclined to believe that In
some way the Republicans will be able to
annex Hawaii. He also thinks there "will
be some immigration legislation and that
the chpnees are favorable fora compromise
on uie bankruptcy bill. There may be some
talk on the subject of civil service reform,
but he does not think anything will be
done with tliu existing law.
Senator Morgan at the Capitol yesterday
renewed the expression ot Ills belief that
Hawaii would be annexed without nuch
trouble. He is strongly in favor of it, as
is well known, and declares that it is the
"Democratic policy. He believes nothing
will come out of the cuirency agitation,
but says it will be the issue in the next
campaign ana will be fought out then
to a finish. Referring to the Cuban Situa
tion, the Senator said:
"Spain has lost the fight in Cuba. She
would never have offered autonomy iinless
she had been convinced that it was the
last thing she could do in forlorn hope
that it might win back the island The
failure of this Government to interfere and
permit the Cubans to gain their independ
ence is due to the intrigues ot the monopo
lists, who aie not In favor of doing any
thing that may possibly affect stocks and
bonds."
Senator Vest said: "1 do not think any
thing will be done with the Cuban ques
tion at this session. The Senate has sent
the House a resolution giving belligerent
Tights to the Cubans, but the Republicans
having a majority in that body, will almost
certainly refuse to adopt it, and will leave
the Cuban question to the TreMdent. As
to Hawaii, there will be some opposition
to the pendiug treaty, but the chances are
rather in favor ot its approval by the
Senate. Of this I am not sure, for I have
noli seen any of my colleagues, and cannot
therefore speak with any certainty.
"No currency legislation will be enacted,
and no bankruptcy bill with an involun
tary clause; a bill providing for volun
tary bankruptcy can pass the Senate, and
no other.
"As to immigration and Interstate com
merce, I ain unable to make any predic
tion. The probabilities are against legis
lation on either subject."
Senator "McMillan, or Michigan, "who
speaks rrom the standpolut bf a business
man of large affairs, rather than from
the point of view of the statesman, is op-
l posed to the agitation 'ot the currency
question, and he frankly confesses that the
conditions are such that uothing oan
possibly be hoped for as a result of such
agitation. For t?u reason he fav-xs letting
it severely alone. What tlie country needs
just now , lie says. Is rest, ind in this
sentiment there seems to be a hearty con
currence on the part of incoming members.
Mr. McMillan, however, goes a step
further, and says that when the sound
money man, or ashepuUslt.theRepublicans.
get full contiOl of the Senate, they will
take that matter up and deal with it
with a hope of securing a result that will
be beneficial to the country-
Representative Shattuo, of the Cinoln
uatl district, arrived yesterday. I am
In favor of leaving' the Cuban question to
the President," said he last evening--'The
President appears to be dealing -vith
that question in the proper way, and it
should be left to him. So far as Hawaii
Is concerned, I am in favor of its i,n
nexatipu, whether it be an administration
measure or not 1 want to see a bank
ruptcy measure passed, ami would fa. or
something after the order of the Ebidsny
tlli in preference to anything else I have
seenl I abo favor a restriction ot noun
sort in the matter of. Immigration, and
believe that a measure along such Iineo
will be agreed to. There is no need at
this time of again unsettling business con
ditions by a discussion of the currency
question, when everybody knows we can
do nothing. The subject of civil service
reform should also demand the attention
of Congress. I am in favor of cutting It in
lialf and putting it back where it was
when Harrison went out of power. The
present regulations were never intended to
aj-ply and the whole tlu'ug has beu
abused."
Interest In the annexation of Hawaii
has received a new impulse by the ar
rival in town of Senator Ijye ot Maine.
It was Senator Frye who 'fead the fight
against the Cleveland policy at the time
the original treaty was withdrawn from
the Senate.
At the dose of the extra session Sena
tor Fryo expressed himself hopefully in an
interview in The Times to the effect that
annexation would be an accomplished
fact at the session which opens tomor
row. There was not at that time the op
position in the Senate which has since
been developed. "Within the last month
the report is that ut least four of the
Pacific coast Senators will fight for de
lay, as they areagaUist the measure. This
opposition will be able for some time, at
least, to block the ratification ot the
tieaty.
In Senator "Frye's opinion, there will be
opposition other than in the Senate itself.
He thinks that the British influence on the
islands will be a material factor and ttvtt
it will be felt in "Washington. lie con
cludes, however, that the necessary two
thirds may be secured hy a comhlnatton
of Senators irrespective oTparty lines-
The recent return of Kaiulanl, the niece
or ex-Queen Ell, to Hawaii, was made
the basis Tor a report sent to this country
by Robert Cox, the revolutionary leader,
that this ex-prlncesa was the choice of
the British party Tor the throne. The re
port wag In one particular absurd, inas
much as It pretended that the cabinet of
ficers cf the Dole government would serve
as ministers to Kaiulanl as Queen. The
value of the report was merely to show
that the "British party'' was a factor in
the agitation in Hawiai.
The opposition from any ot the o called
royal sources In Hawaii is not regarded
in this countiya3 very formidable or even
worthy of consideration. There have been
several attempts made within the past.hree
mouths to combine the royalists and to get
up demonstration to boom the ex qneen
and her niece. The reports of these
attempts have shown that they were
fiascos.
The only real factor that will count
against the ratification of the treaty
will be certain commercial interests, which
it is claimed will be adversely affiled
by making Hawaii a State or a Territory.
This will "be brought out very clearly
in the coming debate.
The f rientls of annexation have two lines
of procedure open to them, one the rati
fication by the Senate alone, or the
passag? of a bill of annexation, as was
done in the case ot Texas. No one knows 1
yet whether the latter plan will be neces
sary, but should it become necessary the
generalcongressional opinion perhaps la that
annexation will be a necessity.
Touching tne Cuban question, Mr. Frye
said he did not .think it possible to m-ich
longer postpone Congressional action. He
believed that a large majority of both
houses favored action, and he was confident
that the overwhelming sentiment of the
whole country supported that view.
Discussing the approaching session ot
Congress, Senator Harris, of Kansas, sa.d
yesterday: 'i am opposed to annexing
Hawaii, but it is bound to be carried out.
It the Republicans have not tlie two-thirds
in the Senate necessary to ratify the treaty
they will do the work by joint legislative
action. 1 think the treaty will be ratified.
A few Republicans may oppose it, but a
good many Democrats will vote Tor it.
'The Senate has already done for Cuba
all that the situation demands. They
have passed the belligerency resolution,
and it depends altogether upon whether nr
not the- resolution will be permitted to lc
considered in the House. 1 think the Ad
ministration will prevent action in .'he
House.
"As tc currency, there are possibilities
of a big fight, but the probabilities nre
that the question "will be side-tracked and
nothingdefinitewill be attempted. I think
the Republicans begin to see that they
will split their own party wide open if
they take up this subject with earnest
ness. "While the Eastern inflnences will
want to see Mr. Gage's ideas carried out,
yet most of the Republicans will be op
posed to forcing the question, because they
know that, in the end, they will be de
feated. "I think there will be considerable in
terest displayed and a strong effort made
by rallmad interests to get the interstate
commerce act amended so as to legalize
poolii-g, and to pass the anti-ticket-brok-cragebiil.
The latter may pass the IIou3i,
"but probably will be defeated in the Sen
ate. "As to bankruptcy, I think the result
will be a compromise between the Torrey
bill, fueled by the House, and the Nelson
bill, which has passed the Senate.
"The attack on the civil service y?tem
may be vigorous, but it will amount to
nothing. But when Congress gets serio-isly
down to considering tiiis question there
will b , many important changes. My idea
is that it would be well to limit theterrasof
orficn for clerks, say to six years. A pr 'po
sition to this effect is certain to be male
at son e future time.
I think there -will be immigration leg
islation and undoubtedly there will be a
rush to secure the passage of many privite
measures. Briefly stated, however, there
will not be a large amount of work done
by the coming session."
FEOTJR BRICKS BEING MADE.
Experiments by the British Ad
miralty nnd War Departments.
London, Dec. 4. Both the British ad
miratity and the war departmeqt are
testing under arioiis climatic conditions
the new method of conserving flour. One
objection to the establishment of national
granaries has been the difficulty of htdr
ing wheat for any length of time. The
grain gciminntes and is ruined, and to keep
"vast quantities in a sound condition ha?
beei- pronounced by the,royaI.commjs.-,ioii
j Impracticable.
Experiments are being made with a
IT'S OUR HOBBY
to get the best
values into our
Clothing possible.
We exert every in
fluence in the power
of an immense com
mercial organization
such as ours to con
irol the truest fabrics
that are loomed.
Once in our hands
the "best clothinsr in
America" is easily accomplished foi
we attend to the making ourselves.
A good evidence our line of
$12.50 Overcoats.
One in particular a fancy back
heavy-weight tan weave cut full
back, skeleton, with satin taped
seams, bellows pockets everything
that makes it a tailoring success.
All sizes for all build of men.
$12.50 is the price.
QAKS AND COMPANV
-' "Sales' Corner." -
sjstem of compression into bricks by
hydraulic pressure- The trials show thas
flour so treated" is not affected by damp,
even under unfavorable conditions is Tree
from mould, and is sweet and wholcaoine.
Moit-ovet, con pression destroys all forms
of larval lire, and flour Is thereby ren
dered safe from the attacks of inserts.
The saving in storage w immense, as the
cvbic 1. juice occupied by 100 pounds of
loose flour will hold more than 800
pcur.ds of the compressed article.
A MATHEMATICAL PBOBL.BSI.
Warrant to Haunt the Hender Per.
Histently Till Solved.
(From the Chicago News.)
"Where i Grace?" frowned Howell Via
Ren-selaer Gibbon, as be surveyed two
natellites with the third one mis-stag.
"Superintending her new gown," said the
girl in the Russian blonse. "Thlag3 aro
to different now," she went on mournfully.
"A year ago when wt: made a gown we rut
the sleeves first and used what was left
for the rest of the garment. Now we do
Just the opposite."
"Don't wtrry about sleeves," co m
teled Howell, "ir you really want to ex
ercise your brain come to me I have som
thing for yon. Now, listen: There wa
a man who uwed another man a dollar,
and all lie had was 75 cents. He
There wa a frenzied shriek from th
blonde glrL "Seventeenl" she cotiutad
Incoherently. "Et tu, Brute!"
"You needn'tHstenlf you don't want to,"
Howell said.coldly. "Asl wassaylDg.thera
was a roan whoowed anotherman a dollar
and he bad only 75 cents. So he went to a
pawnbroker and pawned the 73 cents for
50 cents and went out. He met a friend
and soM him the pawn ticket, calling ftir
75 cents, for 50 cents. Thus he had two
50-cent pieces, $1 in fact, and he want and
paid his bill. Was anybody out and how
much?
The two girls were tearing their hair.
'"We are the ones who areontf theyerieiL
"We are out of our heads how could yeu,
Howell'"
"That's justlikea woman," saldMr.Gib
bon, huffily. "The minute you ask her to
think a little bit she gets the headaohe or
erles. I hopcneltherof youis geingto cry,.
as I have on a new necktie and it wUl spot
very easily."
The girl in the, Russian blousesat staring
wildly into vacancy and counted en her
fingers. The lips of the blonde girl moved
silently andher brow was wrinkled. "Idkl
hear it before," she said, humbly, "and I
have actually forgotten the answerl Dear
me!"
Howell smiled complacently and empUed
the sugar bowl under cover of their abserp-tion-
"It was the pawnbroker,' announced tho
girl in tho "Russian blonsa at the end of
five n-lnntes labor. "He wasont30 cents.-
"Oh, no," said the blonde girl, positivsly.
"The man hnnself wasouta quarter you
can'tmake money outof nothingandkc had
only 75 cenf, remember."
"The idea'" flashed her friend.. "Now,
can't you see "
The battle raged for half an bonr. Ex
hausted, the two contestants pushed sack
their drooping locks and turned simultane
ously to Howell.
Mr- Gibbon was loaning back is tfte big
nrm-rnair, sleeping the sleep of tire jost
They pounced on him and he awofce with
violence.
"S. kind of you," he murmured. had
a delightful nap w Idle you were entenoln-iti-r
yourselves so sweetly, and I neeceit it.
I hne an engagement "
"Tell us," they demanded la eberwa,
"which man was out?"
Mr. Gibbon drew on his gloves.
"Don't get exekod," he said. "I can't
Iw with you this evening, and I don's want
you to get tiored. It will give you soiwe
tliiug to think about."
He escaped into the hall and the froat.
dooi banged.
"I can't sleep," wailed the bkmie
girl tragically, "tHl I know who umc
money on that transaction."
"It keep going through my head xtl"
moaned her friend frantically.
Aud they have not yet found eat.
- Do yii know that yon can have
The Mortilncr;, Evening: and Sunday
Time the only COMrT.ETB news
paper published in "Washington
served to you by carrier for fifty
cents a mouth?
GO
The New
Society Weekly
TERTHDUGHT
JUST OUT
An Epitome of Matters Social, Ar
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and Theatrical
Srxot-K Copies. 10 Cent?
Si.OQ Per Year ....
Among this week's contributors are:
Dr. E. K. GOLD3BOROCGH.
BERTHA GERNEAUX DAVIS,
Lu LAMPHREY.
M. SEWELLKOY,
' COSMOS,"
end the Staff.
FRANCIS HEAD. Editor.
AFTERTHOUGHT'
Is on sale at The Arlington. The SBore
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