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title: 'The times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, December 26, 1897, PART 2, Image 15',
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THE TIMES, WASHINGTON, STHyPAY. DECEMBER 26, 3897.
A MODERN ELECTRIC PLANT
Complete Transformation of tlie
U. S. Company's Light Station.
The T-utct ami Probably the Most
Kfficdent and Economical In-
hK llation in the Country.
(In November a year ago the stock
holders ir the United Suites Electric
Light inc, Companj voted to erect au en
tirely new and thoroughly inodcni light
ing station to supersede the one at present
in tiss, which has grown from a small he
ginning by frequent additions as increas
ing Imsiness demanded to its. present
The location at Fourteenth and B streets
northwest having proved m all resp'Os
most convenient and desirable, it was also
resolved to retain the present site, and
the ncpes.Nary appropriations having Nen
made, the lioard of directors secured the
services of the einiiient firm of Sargent
& Lundy, of Chicago, at clectricil and
mechanical engineers, who inmiedi.i'ely
proceeded to make the plans and draw i p
the mmicrouus contracts. In the oai'y
part oC this ycai bids were opened ..nd
contracts awarded for engines, dyj.i
inos, switch-board and other electrVal
and mechanical apparatus, togethei v-lth
contracts foi a substantial foundation
We quote from the New 1'ork Electrical
Review of 1 ecember 22 the following
description of the enterprise:
'The f.tst work beg' in "was the laying
of a Mil id cement foundation, which was
made necessary owing to the very swunpy
condition ot tlte ground in that portion of
the oity wJ.ere the plant is located. To
jtthisend.andataiiexpetiditure if $2-1, 300,
a pile and Port land cement iounuauon -v.is
laid. At a distance of aliout ten feet ln'b.w
the street fciirrace, there were driven ;nto
the ground, at depths ranging from tw.iry
to thirty leet, 1,000 spruce piles, -iach
twelve inahes in diameter, covering an area
of 15.000 square leet, over -which was
placed, three and" one-half feet deep, a
Portland cement concrete making a sup
port for the entire superstructure, as well
as a solid foundation for the engines and
"The contract for the superstructure was
awarded tc Mt. Frank N. Carver, a local
builder, whose bid amuunted to about $75,
000. The building, as designed by the
architect, Mr- Erskine M. Sunderland, ot
"Washington. i. C, calls for a handsome
fctructure extending the whole lengtn of
the block on B street, between Thirteen-and-a-lmlf
and Fourteenth street, a dis
tance of about two hundrcdand fifty feet,
-with a depth of one hundred and thirty
feet. Two pavilions, twenty-eight feel
pquare and sixty-four feet liih, occupy
the con.erR. and cennecting them Is the
front of the building, pierced by thirteen
-windows, nine and a halt feet vide by
twenty-five feet high, affording ample
light and making bright and -cheerful the
large engine room, seventy-three feet wide
and extending along the entire B street
"Ithas been the aim to have the building
as firepioof as possible. The floors of the
new strueluie -will therefore all be of iron
beams, arched with brick, and cor-'red
-with a cement and stone floor of orna
mental design. The root will consist ot
iron rafters -with cemented terra cotta
book tilet, covered with either a gravel
or King a a ting. The only woodworkabout
the building will bt the v.-indow sahe3
and' outside doors.
"Only a little over one-hair of the con
templated building -will bt erected at tilt;
present time, as the remainder of the site
is now occupied by the station or the company-
I'lfjn completion of the new plant
arly in the coming year the entire service
-will b? transferred to It, as the portion
to be built will have a capacity 20 per cent
greater than the old station. With the
transfer the old station will be gradually
disniinlled and tiic new one extended oo
as to Include the present site. The com
pany, howevet, owns all the surrounding
property, and can quadruple, -when neces
sary, the present new plant, afrordlng an
output of 500,000 16-candle-power incan
descent lamps, or Its equivalent In other
forms of electrical application.
"The boiler-rooai, -which Is located jut
north of the engine-room, and running the
-wide, and is at pre-cnt equipped "with three
batteries (or two each) of 500 horse-power
Babcoek & Wilcox -wator-tube steel-front
boilers-, of the latest design, dell-' ni:g
steam at a pressure tf 160 pounds, and
fitted with the Babcock & Wilcox aro
matic chain grates. Natural draft is used,
and before the -waste gases of combu&rlnn.
are allowed to escape up the large steel
Mnokestack they are obliged to traverse a
fuel economizer containing the feed vater
and afrordlng upward of 10,000 square
feet or heating surface, thus heating Hie
feed water from its ordinary temprvure
to the highest degree possible. This fuel
economizer -will be the first to be operated
in this section, and Is furnished by the Fuel
Economizer Company, of Matteawan, Vew
"At the right of the boiler-room and
resting on an extra solid foundation .r
cement and iron beams is the large brick
and steel Black, 200 feet high, -with a
12-foot base diameter, .and of suffie'ent
capacity for additional l)oi!ers, for -which
foundations are already erected. The steel
portion ot the stack is furnished by the
Varietj Iron Works, of Cleveland, Ohio.
The boilers will be connected by a ring
6ystem ot mains, -with suitable arra ige
meiit ot calves, giving almost abo'j;e
safety against shut-downs, due to leaks or
"Sott bituminous coal is used, delivered
by carts into a crusher, and thence con
veyed to overhead bins, having a capaeity
ot over 1,000 tons, by coal-handling ma
chinery of a very late and improved de
sign, furnished by the John A. Mead Com
pany, of New Yoik. The coal is ""ed and
-weighed automatically upon the revolving
chain grates! the ashes leIow are conveyed
by the coal-brndllng machinery to the ash
urns, from -which they drop by gravity
into. cat ts for hauling away, the coil not
being touched by hand from the time cf
its arrival to the departure ot its ashes.
"Sepa-ated from the boiler-room by a
24-inch brick wall, pierced onHy by the
bteam pipes and tightlr-closing fire-proof
doors, is the basement of the engine-room.
In the basement are all the steam and
other piping connections, pumps, ete., as
-well as a line of jack shafting running
almost the entire length of the station,
on -which are belted the Brush arc ma
chines, mention ot -which -will be made
"The engine-room equipment consists
ot four horizontal tandem compound con
densing engines, two of 1,600 horse-power
and two or S00 horse-power, ritted -with
cond-nsers, each direct connected to two
of the General Electric Company's it
erators. To each or the SOO-horse-power
engines arc direct connected two 240
kilowa'tt, 160-volt six-pole General Elec
tric generators; to oie of the l,G00-borS3
power engines arc connected two M0
lcilowatl, 160-volt six-pole General Elec
tric geiernlons, and to both of the large
engines is belted the line shafting in the
"As -will be seen, belting is not altogether
dispensed -with, as there are eight 1.25
light multi-circuit Brush arc dynamos
operated thtough lumvays In the rioor
from thb line tliattlng located in rlie
basement, -which, as hefore stated, is
connected "with the two large engines
' operating the direct-connected low-ten
sion generatots, either one oi which neing
callable or canying the entire load The.
arc machines'" may be thrown' in or out
of bcrvlcc as required by msans ot the
shafting by steel clutches five feit in
diameter. TMs anangement economically
provides lor the operating of both the
three-wire low-tension and the arc light
ing systems fiom one engine during the
period or light load Tile shafting "was
installed by the Hill Clutch .Company,
"Besides the Brush machines, there will
be belted to the line shafting two General
Electric Company's alternating dya.im-js,
one A-70, 1,040-volt, 12E-cyclc, and one
A-30, l.OIO-volt, 125-cycle. Another
alternating machine is to be run by motor.
"Spanning the engine-room is an electric
crane or twenty-five tons lifting capacity,
with a seventy-two-foot spun, capable of
lining its load and depositing it in ap
portion or the room in a few moments.
"In order to cut ort ths high 'peak' and
more nearly equalize thetwenty-four-hours'
load principally, and Incidentally to help
out the present plant during thq, remodel
ing, the company has purcliased and in
stalled a lurgo storage battery froth the
Electric Storage Battery Company, of
Philadelphia, Pa. This battery comprises
150 cell-, and has a capacity or 2,000
amperes on a side for three hours, and is
so arranged as to be connected with
either or all feeders or the main bus, und
thus can always be used to the" best ad
vantage. Th batteiy is discharged atf roui
150 to 135 volts. It is charged at the
period ot the lightest load: that is, from 1
a. in., to G a. m., and from 9 a. in., to J
p. m., and at very low pressure- At certain
periods it will lie able, if necessary, to
run the entire plant, and -will ca-ily carry
any unexpected demand, such as darkness,
due to a sudden storm, or an accident to
any portion of the machinery;' The bnt
tery is located in a large building, im
mediately adjoining its present station.
"Installed at the Fourteenth street end,
and extending the f nil width or the engine
room, will be the switchboards operating
the entire service of the company, co n
prising the low-tcnMoii three-wire system,
arc and alternating systems and thestorage
battery. The boards are made ot blue
Rutland (VI.) marble, highly finished and
containing tiic latest and rinest instru
ments and appliances known to the elec
"The low-tonMon board which is being
made by the General Incandescent Arc
Eight Company, of New i'orl:, is com
posed of eighteen panels, five panels at
the left end to form the generator board,
eleven panels at the right end, the feeder
board, rnd two panels between the gen
erator and feeder panels, the pressure
board, It is to be provided with two sets
or bus-bars which cam be run at .different
pressmen. On each or the three gen
erator panels controlling six 24u-kilowalt,
160-volt generators, are to be mounted
two 2,000-amperc ammeters, three 2,000
ampcrc switches, two balance indicators
and two galvanometer switches. On the
generator panel, to control two -ISO-kilowatt.
160-volt generators, are two 4,000
amperc ammeters, three 4,000-ampere
switches, two balance indicators and two
pilot lamps, and the last generator panel
is to be left blank for additional 48'J
kilowatt generators to be Installed in the
"Of the 11 feeder panels 8 are to control
1G 500,000-circulai-mil feeders, and on
each are mounted four 500-ampeie am
meters, four 500-aniperc switches, and
two 250-ampere switches on the neutrals.
One Teeder pan el lb to control two 1,000,000-cliculai-mll
feeders, and on itare mounted
four 1,000-ampere ammeters and two
1,000 ampeic switches on neutrals. Two
feeder panel? are left blank for two addi
tional 1,000,000-cIicuIir-mil feeders each.
"On the piessurc panel next to tiro
generate r board, are two voltmeters for
pressiiic regulation, four 24-poInt volt
meter sv itches, one &,000-amperc Thomson
lecordlng wattmeter and one 5,500-ampera
Thomson iccording wattmeter. On the
pressure panel next to the feeder boinl
are two 24-poli:t voltmeter switches one
2,000-ampere neutral ammeter, one 8,000
ampeic Thomson recoiding wattmeter, and
one 5,500-ampcre Thomson recording watt-niL-tei.
Switches for voltmeters are wired
so that they can be connected with the
pressuic win. of any reeder or to cither
bus-bar. The instruments used are from
the Weston Electrical Instrument Com
pany, with iheexception of the wattmeteis.
'Tlie alternating 8witchlxard, construct
ed by the Get.eralElectricConipaiiy,consis:.s
of sever panels three for the gcneri'or
and foi r for the feeder board. Two panis
control two GO-kilowatt, 1,040 volt, 125
oyclc alterm ting-current generators .-nd
exciters, andon eachare mounted two fuse
blocks one ammeter, one 150-v-jlt volt
meter, one ground detector, one ground de
tector lamp, one ground detector switch,
one double-throw, direct-potential
generator switch, one double-polrf
switch for welter and one Thomson re
cording wattmeter. Two feeder panelscDn
trol fcur feeders, and on each are mounted
four 50-ampcre 1 use-blocks, two 50-ainp.-re,
doublc-polc, direct-potential switches, and
on the back of these panels are four 1,000
volfc station lightning arresters. Two
feeder panels are left blank. Carpenter
rheostats are used on all ot the boards ex
cepting the arc, and are placed in the : ear
under the floor, being controlled by gear
ing with hand wheels on spindles.
'The arc switchlioard is composed of
eleven panels, and is divided into three
sections, of three panels each, and 1e
tween Uie sections are two smaller panels
which are used in tra nsferring the machines
of one section to another. The board is
made foi sixteen Brush arc machines, but
at present only thirty-two ciicuitsivHl be
used f roil' eight arc machines, four circuits
to each dynamo.
"In addition to the switchboards men
tioned, there is to be placed alongside
of them the storage battery switchboard.
This is to be made of the same maVrial
as the tillers and is composed of practically
but one horizontal panel, but this is
divided into two parts. On this are
tnoutueu instruments to control for twenty
point cell-regulating switches, two on
each -side of the systcnu each capable ot
carrying 1,000 amperes. These switches
are located in the storage battery room
and are provided with motors and indi
cators to enable them to be operated from
the boaid. There are also mounted cpon
it six single-pole knife switches of 1,000
amperes each, four Weston illuminated
dial ammeters, two Weston illuminxted
dial vo'lmetere, two special Weston liw
i ending round-pattern voltmeters, and two
twenty-point voltmeter switches.
"These switchboards are ninety inches
high -with a nickel-plated fancy top. 11
metal, except current-carrying copper
showing on the face of the boards, will be
nickel-plated. The boards arc secirdy
mounted on substantial steel frames, frst
ened to the floor framing and to the 7all.
Cable connections to them are ma !e I y
passing the cables through the floor fiom
the hack of the boards along r,he ctiling
of the basement, and up through the floor
again to the generators and to the battery.
"In conrectlon to the new plant and
vital tc its successful operation is the
underg'ound cable system, which is al
most entiiely used here, but few overhead
"Additional overhead wires, except
services to residences adjacent to exist
ing wiies, are absolutely prohibited in the
District of Columbia, by an act of Con
gress, aa has also been the laying of ad
ditional conduits. "With the above, and a
few othei exceptions granted the United
States E'ectric Lighting Company, no ad
ditional conduits can bo laid, except by
direct act ot Congress, but this does not
Monday we start a slashing of wraps, &c.,'
- that will amaze you. Instead of wsfitjng till the middle of January-, as
is the usual custom, we've "laid -waste" the prices now, and the fact
that the weather has taken the sudden turn it has, makes the oppor
tunity greater, o n
As we told ycu b'ne other day, re. are going to do something that
will startle you, and we've "cut and'slashed" every vestige of the stock
we've on hand.
Help yourselves Monday on e,asy terms if you wish or cash if
for coats which
sold up to S8.
A lot of ladies' stjlish jackets, con
sisting of black and blue cheviots,
rough cheUots and fanoy Ijoucles
some half silk and satin lined some
with shield front and high storm collars-
garmpnis which sold up to ?8
reduced to $3.00.
for coats which
sold up to $10.
consisting or a Jot of those very nobby
and btyllsh tan covert Jackets, with In
laid velvet collars half lined with
silk aud .sutln garments which sold
up to 510 go at the uuheard of re
duction ot 3.98.
In this lot are some missis' mixed
cheviot juckets, which sold up to ?9.
Suit, skirt and
S-v for suits which
VJ sold up to $1S.
consNtin;; or black and blue rough
cheviots-with riy front sil k-line-d
jackets-mil, porfcct-hanglng skirts.
for silk waists
which sold up
Two styles in one lot or 1 lack silk
waists one with tucked rront one with
pleated back splendid quality or taf
feta silk which sold up to $t.00.
prohibit tlio repairing or existing conduits.
The- United States Electric Lighting Com
pany was one of the original pioneer com
panies in thi country to make use of an
undergtound system, and, owing to lack
of experience, some of their first-laid con
duits are now in poor slripe, and often
it is found that the duct capacity is too
small for the increased business-. With
these faults in view, the president, at
the last a nnual meeting o f the stockholders,
held in the early part or November, ISO",
secured the pagsa or a resolution au
thorizing the board or directors to rec .n
struct, rebuild and modernize the more than
rdty miles or conduit and cable system
owned by the company. This work has
been begun, and conduit repairing and the
hauling in or large quantities or well-tabulated
cable is going on daily.
"What is known as theLynch-Lake rour
way glazed terracotta pipe is used, and
also the Camp glazed terracotta single duct,
both witl round holes three inches in
diametei. This is laid at a depth of 30
inches f roil the top of the top duct to
the surface ot the street, on a base or
four inches of Toitland cement concicte,
with out- inch of the same material laid
between each layer or conduit, and four
Inches of concrete is placed uu both sides
and on top of the last layer before the
tienuh Is idled All conduit is laid with
broken Joints, and where each length of
duct Joins, a strip of cotton cloth is laid
directly "over the scam, und that Is plas
tered over with Tortland cement hiortnr
befoie itnv concrete is put upon it. Before
auothei length is laid, a mandrel is used
to make perfectly clean the inside or tlu
Joints, thus injuring a clear and waterproof
''Manholes are. usually b.illt five feet by
five feet square and six feet deep, with six
inches of concrete on the bottom; nine
inch walls or good, hard brick laid in Poit
laud cc mf nt mortar, and Avhere the cendjit
pierces the manhole wall, round cornered
brick iu used. A thiee-inch iron pipe is
built in the walls ot the manhole about
rour incites fiom tlie bottom and at right
angles to the conduit. This is used for
bracingthe winch when nectvssaryto beused.
Castiroti tops at e used, madefiv eTeet squae,
withcastiion covers, twoantl one-half Tcet
bytwofeiit- All manholcsarcdraincdelthiT
to the nearest sewer or to the next man hole,
and iron bfck-water valves are used.
''All cable used has an insulation of 5-32
or an inch thick or best rubber compound
and 3-32 of an Inch lead casing, the whole
being covered with a cotton or Jute braid
saturated in some preservingcompoundand
soapstoned, ends of cable sealed before
shipment is made. All cable instal!e:
is handled in a most careful manner, with
particular attention paid to the nniki'ig
of joints, usually made in manholes.
"With the completion of the new station
and rebuilding und modernizing the eahle
system, the company will have a scleiti.'lc
and pracUcal plant second to none in the
country. Throughout the new plant the
greatest simplicity and durability of de
sign and arrangement has been strivc-n
for, corrhired with a desire to obtain, if
possible, the highest aud best types of the
various mechanical and electrical service
to be had, cost being considered secondary
to efriciencj. All wasteful steam a in:
iliaries have been discarded as far as pos
sible, and all power which cannot be ob
tained direct from the economical and
and erricient main units is furnished by
"The station will be equipped through
out with automatic coal scales, hot and
cold water meters, electrical recordng
apparatus, etc., in order to arrordthe most
complete- repoits and systematic recc,rds
from the operating torcc, thereby enabling
tlie closest supervision to be exercised over
the cost of production and distribution, and
requiring the highest Intelligence aad ef
ficiency t'rom the employes.
"The building committee consists of the
president, Mr. A. A. Thomas, and Messrs.
Seymour. W. Tulloch, James L. Norris t:nd
John Cam mack."
Is'een&nas a StcrFmy Voyng;e.
New ITavon, Dec. 25. A latter under
date of November 26 was sent here from
Cape Yeido Islands from one ot the
prospectors on the schooner Negus, which
left here a month or more ago for a trip
around the Horn to the Klondike. Ac
cording to this letter the two water tanks
on the fleck of the Negus sprung a leak
arter the vessel had been out three or four
days, and all hands had ro depend on the
water tank below deek. The vessel was
blown out of her course to the Cape Vartle
Islands, Rough weather was experienced
the first week out. There was much sick
ness, and to add to the misrortuncs, the
cook did not understand his business.
The monotony of the voyage was telling
on the men, and there was much dissalis
faction among them.
The Morninir, Kveniiiir .ind Sunday
Times for fifty cents u, month.
p r"l for coats which
JJ sold up to $12.
Your choice or two" lots of ladles'
Mylh.li jackets rincTplaiit kerseys and
black astrakhans-all silk lined and
fancy Mlt cued .shield fronts gar -meiits
wJiich arecheap at $12 and nre
ridiculous-Iy cheap at ?5.
(rs-t for coats which sold
up to SIS.
A lot of the most fashloiiable kersey
Jacket.s;thoMs-tylish creations with strap
seams -and lined throughout with
heavy quality satin thoroughly tall
or made garments which have been
going like chaff before the wind at
18, $16 and $15 are now cut down to
$10 for your choice. . .
silk waist prices
Isf for skirls -vhich
Jt) sold up to $4.
a splendid quality of Hack figured
brllllatitine velvet bound und rustle
lined-a remurkable value at $1.20.
for skirts which
sold up to $5.
Lot or plain black brilliantlne skirts
lined with bust rustle lining and velvet
bound which sold up to $5 reduced
1HSTK1CT COL'RT JURORS.
SiiminuiiB Co in pel o The'iu to Rupurt
on Jnuuary 30.
The members ot the grand jury and ths
jurors drawn to serve In the several loSdl
courts in the District, are:
Grand Juiy U. Thomas Cissel, 1301 V
stieet; CI arles Wood, 520 1 hi rteenth street:
John H. hoy, Shepherd tan; W. H.RoIilae,
2G04 Pennsylvania avenue, L. H. Limit,
480 r street southwestroeorge E. Hutchins,
1208 T" stieet; Frank Keeslde, 100S fthyle
Island avenue: John H.5,'cwinan, 1059
Thirty-second street; Jyhu Redmond, .103
K stieet northeast; James B. Whiter, 'J03
Thirteenth trreet; John A. Reynolds, 1111
Twenty-thiul street; , Jolm M. Can.'da,
WoodIe load: JfhuC.$cklorf, 429 I street.
G. H. Pchulze, 17,")1 L stf-eet; B, J tr'ey
Thompson. 1 135 F street; John C. Weedon,
302 j:asl Capitol street J,cs A, fOivli.-n,
101 G Thlity-fir.st stieet; William B. Cur
ley, 1SJ.O F street; George W. A com, 023
Twelfth street; Ylrglnius T. Elliott, 1116
Eighth stieet: JohhC. Widmaycr.Laavind,
Blair ror d. Warren ToKon, Lincoln street,
Anacostii, and E. J. Burt, 313 Se.eath
Criminal Court No. 1. J din Pleasant,
Monroe street, Anacostia; Hugh 3). Dig
ney, C13 Mjrtle street northeast; A. J.
Nitf, 1)12 East Capitol btreet; Cleim-nt
Brooks, Loughborough road; Charles Hunt,
202 Fourth stieet southeast; Cornelius S.
Cissel. 12C- New York avenue? J. B Jant,
317 Seventh street southeast; Jam4s W.
Poe, 0 Burn's court southeast; John I.
Thomao, 103 Olivet road northeast; Charles
W. Simpson, 1-ilO F street: NichoMs II.
Shea, G32 Pennsylvania avenue; John R.
Keacli,202Foiirthstrcet southeast; Richard
B. Travers, 3022 Cambridge street; W.
N. Helil. GOG Tour-and-a-half street oo-r-h-west;
William A. Miller, 490 M street
southwest; Flavius J. Fisher, Brown rtret,
Mount Pleasant; George Y. Ransell, 001
H street northeast; Henry Story, oorair
South Capitol street and Georgia nv.in.ie;
George E. Grand, 213 Hair street south
east; George J. May, 609 M street; William
A. Claik, 1320 Thirty-fourth street; Cor
nelius Hantaan, 1420 Seventh street; W. F.
Scotr, Mu-dock Mill road; Edward G.Kit,
3203 P Street;-J. "VV. Hooper, 1013 New
Jersey avenue southeast, and R. C. SlWer,
30G Pennsylvania avenue southeast.
Criminal Court No. 2 .Samuel llowison,
1701 Halfstieet southwet;Jame3Benii:tt,
1517 Seventeenth street, Perry W.PuIIjy,
903 V street; John C. Parker, 010 Seventh
street; Edward Vinslow,309 Wilson street,
L. A. Hornish, jr., 312 B street .southsur,
Charles Hcitiiiuller, Sargent road, D. C;
"chard J. Saffell, 105 Jveating avenue
northeast' Koliert P. Freeman, 915 Elgluh
street northwest; John W. Ray, Sheph. rd
road, D. C; Gen. Bury, Monroe and lef
ferson street-s, Anacostia; W. H. Reeves,
1118 G street southeast: William K.Brown,
lll2New Jersey avenue; Allen J.HoughNn,
1410 Nev York avenue: WilliamB. Brootcs,
1900 L street; Bedford Walker, Park and
School streetc, Mount Pleasant; Randolph
Walton, 210 North Capitol street; Rober.": ,1.
Hunter, 225 East Capitol street; II. E
Burgess Brookland; George II. liemorc-t,
1847 Fouitevnth street; George w.Smita,
1G40 Tenth street; William C.McEuen, 1-I6
Twelftl st reef, idward Forrest, Good Hope;
Charles M. Smoot. 230 E street northj-i.-t;
Isaac Iluich, 3128 Durolxirton aven-ie. i nd
J. E. Ganhiei, 409 Eig;itu.8treetnortiiea3t.
Circuit Court, No. 1-Edqrar E. Everett,
1225 F slicet; Morris,!,, Ackentiau, GOT
H street: John C. Cook,,l?0S Fourteenth
street; William C. Clements, 743 Fifth
street southeast: Robert Beall, 903 East
Capitol street; J. A.?Garden, Minnesota
avenue, Ar.acostia: .Tosenh.H. Birch, Elev
enth street wharf; Ijertjert Adams, 413
Ridge street; Jay B. Smith. 619 Twelfth
street northeast; CharleP W. Handy, U0
Thirteenth street; W.g puckett, corner
Pennsylvania avenue and-Twenty-second
street; Homer S. Mqhlere 2908 Bright
wood avenue; Charles 6. "Wjdter, 319 Four
teenth street; Michae Robeson , sr., 320
Peunsjlvania avenue, southeast; R. T.
Ragan, G10 Ninth st reel goutu west; Joseph
R. Gow, 1G3S Fourteenth street; "William
F. Booger, 133T F street: James F.
Tiderline, lunlaw road; William H. Coop
er, 1430 New' York avenue; Albert M.
Keen, 1310 F street; J. R. Barlee, 913
Eighth street; J. II. Suunderstl 214 Thirty
second street; Charles U. Strothers, 236
New Jersey avenue southeast; Jesse V. N.
Huyck,150r Pennsylvania avenue; Charles
W. Barker, 1210 F street, and John if.
Brawntr, 3206 Q street .
Circuit Court No. 2 Edgar A. Hulse
213 Twelfth street; Amos Yost, 1004 Penn
sylvania a venue southeast: MorrellMarean.
southeast corner Thirteenth and F streets;
P. B. Robertson, 709 Eighth street; Join
L. Shedd. 439 Ninth street; John. W.
Bean, 722 Tenth street southeast; Wil
liam W. Lewis, 1421 New York avenue:
Whitfield MoKInley, 93G F street; Wil
liam R. Campbell, Bridge street, Vua
costia; Lewis S. Harden. 1212 F stress:
1 George Burroughs, Grant road; John C.
. for Russian blouse
jackets which were
$25 to $45.
All the velour Russian Mouse Jackets
which .vjlu up to $'15 go nl $20. Trim
med wltti applique braid ami beads
murteti fur und satin ribbon.
lor plush capes
which were 67.
of sltitz'H silk seal plush trimmed
with thibet fur lined.
5 for plush capes
" which were $12
tho finest quality or Saltz's silk Seal
plush trimmed with thibet rur silk
for electric seal
For just one day Honday we shall
give you the privilege or inlying the
rinest electric seal capes-silk lined
which sold for $24 for $1 4.50.
cut to pieces.
for skirts which
sold up to $7.
A lot or crepon, cheviot, serge and
raised novelty skirts, in black and col
ors which sold up to $7 go for $3.93.
for skirts which
sold up to $9.
A lot or the veryhandsomestbrocaded
silk skirts thelargescroll figures which
are so stylish to go Tor $4.98.
Gutridge 405 Second street southwest;
Henrj C Irving, 410 I) street southiot;
John F. Prosperl, 403 Tenth street south
eant;n. L. Pierce, 318 U street south. vet.t;
E. J. Adams, 913 B street; Charles R.
Edmonston, 1205 Pennsylvania avenue,
Edward Stevens, Tenleytown, D.C.; 3irge
R. Watl.-hf, 1839 K street; H. Banks, G40
B street southeast; John F. MatUtews,
2317 II street; John C. Davidson, 1J38
F street: E. S. Blackwood, 615 Fourteenth
street; John Just. 1105 Fifth street; J. G.
Livingston, 928 I) street southwest: i.nd
John F. Ihuvv n, 482 Louisiana aven le.
Tollce Court Ralph W. Lee, GOO Four
teenth street; Lemuel Ga!lad3y. Brookland,
D. C; husse-Il t'liderwood, 507 Twelfth
street: Teffey Rich, 301 N street; F. L.
Marsden, 507 Seventh Mreet southwest;
William Ayre. 416 Tenth street southeast:
Charles H.Bnshall, 629 Sixth street north
east; Rr.dneyS.DInimick, 7 18 Rhode Island
avenue: Bernard O'Donnell, Brookland,
D. C; II. C. Bnrch, 2214 I street: Ira U.
Johanner, 600B streetnortheast;Willlam,l.
Garrncy, 1 214 ThIrty-econd street; Wilson
E. Brown. Milwaukee street; Mount Pleas
ant; William G. Pond, 1,316 F street; A. H.
Bnrdioe. 303 Seventh street 0uthw2St:
Harry Sands. 505 Ninth street southeast;
Georgo W. White, Rrlghtwood; Charles L.
Gurlcy, 1335 F street; S.J. Lydanne, 1 10S
Thirry.secondstreet; J- V.Conway. Jeff ron
and Fillmore streets, Anacostia; Hollie L.
Henell, 918 Pennsylvania avenue south
east; Henry R. Darby, 523 Eleventh street.
Minnesota a-.enue. Anacostia: Sylves
ter Thomas. 920 G street snutheist, .' 11 d
James H. Scott, S15 G street.
The police court Jurors are summon ;d to
report on January 3, and tlote to serve
in tbe other courts a day later.
CHINESE EMPIRE OP TODAY.
One or the most intelligent and perhaps
the most accurate exposition, in brief,
that has been contributed to any lews
paper follows. It is especially interest
ing now In view of the Tact that the eyes
or the political as well as the commercial
world arc on the massive, though help
less, Eastern empire.
Written tc a resident or New York
city it was not intended especially tor
publication, but tlie Evening Post so
cured a copy or It, which The- Times
"Pekin, Oct. 22. I had not come across
any book that reflected my views on the
Chinese and on China, until 1 found here
a Httlcbook called 'The Far-Eastern Ques
tion,' written by Valentine Chlrol, pub
lished by Macmillan & Co., London .Hid
New York. 1SS6. Chlrol was here after
She warnstheLondon Timescorrespondent,
and he takes the view that I do that
China has learned nothing from the late
war. AU this talk about the aw-ikening
of China is nonsense. She has not awak
ened yet; only war can do it; only war
can make her see the necessity ot rail
roads, etc.; but the late war has not
done it, and, in my opiiflon, it will tnkc
another war to do it hut that may mean
dismemberment. Chirol quotes a witty
Frenchman as saying, 'Avant la guerre
la Chine dormait sur une oreille, au
jourd'hui elleronfle sur les deaioreilles.'
And yet men who have been in China a
long time anduught to know, think that
China is in earnest, and that railways will
be built all over the country. Thus the
American minister, Col. Denby, believes
that all opposition has now been over
come (he has been minister for nearly
tweH'e years), and that these great rail
roads from Peking to Hong Kow (Belgium
syndicate), and from Shanghai to Hong
Kow, Hong Kow-Canton (English syndi
cate Hoo'ey-Jameson) will now be built,
as proposed. The Americans were here
last December and looked on the situa
tion, but the iecurity was not such us
they would accept.
"Then again Pere Javier, the head jf the
French Laznrists, who has been here thirty
six years, end is one or the most interest
ing figures I have met here, thinks the
same, and bases his opinion ou the face that
with the Chinese, precedent is everything.
and now trat the Tien-tsin-Feklng Rail
road, built by the Chinese government, with
foreign et-glneers, is completed, and an as
sured succes's, all opposition will disappear,
and the Chinese will plunge at onoe Into
railroad buikl.'ng all over the country,
unti1 there will be more railroads In China
than-anyivl-ere else in the world, and to
fortiry bi argument he cites the telegraph
and tlie former opposition to Jt, and olal-us
that just as, the Franco-Chinese war du the
Tong-King border demonstrated the neces
sity of tf-legraphs, and enlisted the iufcJur
ity of the government on the side or bul'd
ing and maintaining them, until now tl,e
countrk is covered with a netw,ir.i or
wires, so the present war nan taught rliem
the necessity or railroads, and the precedeut
being estfcblished, bulidiug will go en
"This all sounds reasonable enough, and
seems really what should logically be the
30c Pants, 12c.
"We've bought especially for tomor
row's selling 1,000 pairs of Loys'
cheviot knee pants,-which have never
before been sold under 30c a pair.
These are not cheap poorly-made
knee pants, but spleiiuidly constructed,
of good wear-resisting -clievIoU- not,
all-wool, but with enough cotton
to make them resist the strains which
they get from knockabouts. 12 l-2c
while they're here.
29c Waists, V c.
Yolir choice or boys', flannelette or
figured percale shirtwaists tomorrow
which arc syhi in every store in town
where boys' walstK are sold for 29i for
12 l-2c each. We reserve the right
to limit the sale or these should we
$3 and Suits, $1.49.
"We make a lot of boys" suits at
$1.49 ror tomorrow, wliicn have been
$3 and $4. They arc in double
breasted stylei-skes y to 1G years
and ot handsome cheviots and cni
jueres. We've plied the entire lot on a
large center lunle on the first floor.
There arc nearly 300 suits in the lot
Boys' 30c Caps, 9c.
All that are left or the- boys' 30c
golf and winter caps-the latter with'
slide bauds -go tomorrow ror 9c each.
There are any number or torts and
cents hrlngs them down far be
$8 Heelers, $5.00.
Lot or boys' 8 to 16-year fine Wo
rombo chinchilla reerers-storm and
vt-lvet collars bound with Hercules
braid all-wool lining regular $8
values -Tor g
$7.50 Overcoats, $5.00.
Lot or boys Hue cheviot overcoats
well made aud well lined with deep
storm collars which have been
$7.50 go Tor $5
$8 Top Coats. $5.
"We've bunched a lot or boys blue
kersey and tan covered top coats some
riy front finished with pearl buttons
and velvet collars to matcii. which sold
ror $7 aud $3-sues 4 to 15
at the uniform price or SG.OO
consequer.ee of the v.ar, but from thethlugs
I hear and see, I still do not believe it.
I have seen a copy or the Belgian contract;
it is not a railroad-building scheme, but
a banking scheme. The syndicate -is to
lend the Chii.ese government 2,000,000,
which, with 13,000,000 taels (a tael is
wort about 66 cents Just now), that th-j;
Chiuese gtvernment 'says' it will put Into
the same enterprise, is to be used to build
the Peking-Hong-Kow Railroad. There
are previsions as to the payment, the price
or the bonds, and manner of repayment
and the only security orfcred is the road
when built -if it ever is built and Tor the
non-pa incut of the interest (5 percent
on principal, the taking or the road, but
absolutely no particulars a a to the manner
or time of foreclosure are given ami it
seems it credible that anyone should lend
monej on such terms. As a matter or
Tact, it is common talk that the fcelgi.in
syndicate find they cannot raise the
'The representativesof the Hooley- la me
son syndicate, four in number, are stoppi-ig
at this hotel. Before they arrived a cable
gram from I ondon in the papers stated that
the contract had been signed. Nothing of
thekind was true the gentlemen have now
come here to sign it. The talk is of a loan
aggregating 16,000,000, of which nine
millions are said to le ready in L-jndou,
and 100,000 was to be deposited by the
syndicate as a sign of good faith on siniig
of the contract. It is also said that be
sides the security of the road (when built),
this syndicate is to have what would
amount to a second mortgage on the "cus
toms fund of China, upon which the Russo
French syndicate, when it forced its loan
on the Chinese government, took the first
mortgage, and this fund in a departiuaut
managed for the last epiarter of a century
by a distinguished Englishman, Sir Robert
Hart, is the only ready asset that CHna
has to dispose of, for her great mineral
wealth she has as yet refused to use as a
basis foi a loan. The remarkable part of
the arralr is that a large partor the money
lent ii tc be used to pay off the remaining
indemnify duo Japan, iaoider that China
may save interest and rid her soil 'jT Hie
last Japanese scildiers.and tliat the various
nations should fall on each other to lend
China monev at a little over 5 per cent
(the bonds are to be charged at 94 or 95),
on such security.
- "STou car imugine how proud it makja
the Chinese to have all the foreign minis
ters begging the Tsungll-Yamen to permit
their countiyrnen to lend China 11m.10y.
This hotel Is a veritable hot-bed of 'n
trigue, in which all the nations arc in
cluded, to get concessions of mines or rail
roads, or to get the government to accept
a loan. TIir hitch in the Hooley-Jameson
negotiations at present seems to be that
the certificates of deiosit for the 100,000
in London banks to be handed on to the
government do not specify that they wjro
there deposited Tor the purpose or -on-summating
this loan, and whether the
Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank, now the
Russc-Chlnn Bank, will accept ihern tn
that account. The men do not appear tc
me to be the kind ot men that would be
pent if the syndicate meant business. 2nd
from wl nt I have heard they do not ex
pect to effect anything I think the wioJe
thing is a sort of advising scheme of
Hooley's. for which he was willing to
pay. Of course, tomorrow may prove me
wrong, but even if the contract is signed
it will bn worth nothing ir the Chines
want to go back on It, and. of course, tnc
Chinese are wild to get hold of the money
get rid of the Japanese, and line their
own pockets In the transaction but the
building of railroads will be a matter or
indifference to them, and in answer to
Pere Jcvier't, argument about precedent,
I might point to the Tientsin-Sh-vi-hai-wan
railroad, which ha3 been built uid
operated by LI Hung Chang for the last
thirteen jears, and yet has 'not sufficed
to induce the rest of China to build.
"Also, there Is the 'imperial customs de
partment,' which I alluded to before, which
has so long been admini&ted by Sir Robert
Hart, a model of how government d-jpait-ments
should lie conducted. It has an enor
mous starf ot Europeans ot all nations, and
Chinese, its warves and godowns, its ahips,
lighters, and even cruisers; it has built 1 11
the lighthouses and set all the buoys nn
the Chinese coastrit is the best-paiddepart-ment,
with au excellent pension system, po
that to be in the 'customs' is a dlst'nc
tion and a soft thing; and, lastly, it fur
nishes an ever-increasing revenue to the
government,, and the- only one that can be
absolutely depended upon. Yet, wltn this
excellent example before fiem.it has never
occurred to them to extend the system to
other departments, and i-eform them with
the bamc excellent results. The basis itthe
system as demanded by Sir Robert Ha -t, is
absolute and unquestioned1, control of the
interference. Yet- they li-ive not benetit.d
by thfl 'precedent. and outside of this one
department things are ju.stas they always
"The truth is that the whole systcn of
50c Hats', 12c.
We bunch on one or the larger center
tables In the millinery department,
all tiic children's and ladies" telt hats,
in all shapes and all stylish colors
which sold ror50candmore-atl21-2c
for your choice.
$1.50 Hate. 49c.
An Immense lot or ladies" leather I
i rimmed redoras and rcuiors some with
feather? a big variety or shapes and
colors, consisting or rat- which sold
tip to $1.20 will be placed on one or
ti.eeemer tables and you may take your
choice lor 48c, which is ridiculously
2 Lots Plumes Cut.
We shall reduce the priee'of black
ostrich plumes to a ridiculous lowness.
Note that the quality is the bet. Two
lots for a great deal less than cost.
12 c fortlie 50c ones.
39c for the $1 00 ones.
Wings, etc.. 8c pair.
A tabic filled -with the handsomest
bird wings, comic feathers, etc., will go
for Sc. pair, though but a short while
ago they readily brought four times that
Lot J5c Hose, 9c.
We liave Just bought several hundred
dozen ladies' fast black and fancy top
hoic under price. Instead or marking
tiiem at regular prices, as most other
stores would do. we turn them over to
Ton aud you save Ge. on every pair you
buy at 8c, for they're lCc. ho' e every
where. 29c Vests. I4c.
The underwear of rerings of the past
vil! be clearly outdone in this one
oriadles'rib!,ed vesU at 1 4e-,. which have
never berore been ofrered lor lets than
29c. A special table has been provided
for them in the underwear department.
515 Seventh St.
Chinese government is rotten from 'op to
bottom -as actually carried on and Ckin
offlcifls arc even more Interested In pre
serving it h its present "tare than the irc
vinclal ones; for they have no one to Teed
upon but tlie provincials, who in turn prey
on the people- An official who only jicts
20p?rccnt is considered moderate and Just;
anything above that is considered op
pressive and unfair. You must remember
that the government is Manchu and not
Chinese, that the mass or people hate their
rulers and wotdd like to see them driven
out, and justly lay the blame for the llsas
trous result or the late war on them: out
they are a people who will never revolt
thre can bp no real awakening of C'nna
until the whole system ot government is
changed, and that is not possible under
the Manet us. The government is well
aware o: the feelings of :he people, and
has lately . in giving concessions, etcnt. de
it Us liusmess to linpre" upon thwie e
celving tiiest- ooncelon the fact that they
are oi:lj good during the continuance it the
present dynasty. Incoming valueless vith
a change of dynasty, thu3, as it were, it
tempting to prop the reigning ltouse on
foreign bayonets- No other reason ;a 1 1
adduced for the Torbear auce of the Jipo
ese in not forcing their way to and iir.o
Pekin, which lay completely at their mer.-y,
than their Tear that the Mancha dymtsty
will b- driven out, and or the lntroduc'icn
or Euiorean supremacy, which would
threaten them more than their Asians
''The CMnese soldiers that are being
drilled at Shanghai or Tienstiit are pHrely
provincial, not imperial one body Is .eing
drilled by German sohliers another by Rus
sian, and so 01 , and if in case or war Jlwy
were war.tedat Pekin, the local Loatai -vho
had raised tltem wowhl not think or Ieti-ing
themgo. Thesame thingiNtrueorthe r.iy.
Thereis io imperial armyor navyandChin.i
is an empire only in name. The purifica
tion of the methods or government and 'he
introduction of methods into all its Cep-irt-ment.siniilarto
thoe pursuedin been stoma,
is its only means of solvation as a nation.
Japan hasiionethKanditbassaved I-ipan.
The only other alternative is, I relieve,
partition, follcwing upon war, or per'xips
"It is most amusing and interesting to
listen to English and French and Russians,
and hear how they liave all parcelled out
for themselves certain part of China. Be
tween the Russians and French there i3
a distinct understanding that each nition
shall confine its activity ev-n now north
and south ot the Yangtse Kiang, and. of
course, all nations combined are against
England. That country seems to have
been most im fficientiy represented during
and arter the war by O'Connor. But
the present minister, Sir Claude Macdonald,
seems tu be very active and energetic,
and more experienced in Eastern politics.
Inconsequence, England is regaining some
ot her lost piestlge. Russia, Frin2, Bel
gium and Spain are acting together here
through other ministers: so are Germany,
Italy and Sweden. England and the
United States each acts independently.
"W. S. K."
DID rilAYER SATE XT! KM'
Children Come Out of a Hmiavvny
Derby, Conn., Dec. 25. As the body ot
.Michael Coleman was being lowered into a
grave at St. Mary's Cemetery this morning,
and as the relatives and friends of the de
ceased Were on bended knees repeating a
prayer Tor therepo of the soul, a tea mot
spirited horses hitched to a carriage sud
denly dashed past the Grove street en
trance in plain view ot those it the grive.
The horses hod 110 driver and had inn
"My three children are in that hack!"
cried a woman, arising from her knees
among the mourners and pointing her
fiuger toward the rapidly disappearing
vehicle. The woman was Mrs. William
Smith, of Bridge street, Beside her was
On the Grove street side or St. Mary's
Cemetery is a steep hill an eights of a
mile long, and it wus in the direction oC
this hill that the runaway horses had gone.
Every one knew the hill was covered with
The mother of the children burst into
tears, while the father followed the runa
ways. "Let us pray for the welfare of the "hll
dren," eaitl a woman, and instantly every
knee wasbentandevery head bo v'ed.
The horses ran to the bottom of the
hill, the fact that they were aewly s'tod
accounting for their escape from falling.
They tried to turn into Lester street, at
tuii. foot or the hill, aud the carringe was
overturned und wrecked. The pole crash
ed against a tree, at eith-r Mdu of
which the horses fell.
The children "scaped witito'.r a 'cr.itch.
Their parcrctsiiellevethe prayers i 1 in he
cemetery saved them.