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TBCG TIMES, WASHINGTON, OS 0KDAXBECEMBJETR 2(, 189T.
(MOUXING, EVEK1XG AND SUNDAY,)
The Washington Times Company.
i STILSON JiTJTCHlNS,. President,
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SUNDAY, DECEMBER 2G, 1S97.
The Appeal for Culm.
Alms-giving ib praiseworthy always.
There is nothing truer than tlie trite quota
tion that ''it is more blessed to give than
to receive." Charity is the cardinal vir
tue; the sublimation or all excelisnce; it
exaltetk not itself; it is sympathetic l:iud.
Natv-iallj . chatity being held in high es
teem bv all peoples, it is often the cover
ing or hj pocrisy. th" cloak which ' up
posed lo hide all sorts or sins especi.H'y
the &ii: of its antithesis -selfishness.
Charity is otten misdirected as the result
or unsystematic giving; and, on the oth.-i
hand, the deserving are oftea Ieftdeitil ne
because of too innch system. It was this
that caused John Boyle O'Reilly to write:
'Organized Cliarlty, scrimiied and icetl;
In the name of a cautious, statistical
The wliolo subject is one hard to Weal
witlt, even among our own people, and
when it comes to sending contribu'iuiis
to an alien race of different, tougue, the
task is doubly difficult.
Everybody knows that there is gr-at
distress ii. Cuba, both among the recon
cc'ntrados and the tories. But whether
the American purse is long enough and
the American heart big enough to sustain
all fictions, while thoe factions are
flying at each other's throats, is a matter
of grave -doubt.
But one thing is certain. The American
intellect is clear enough to understand that
the popular demand lor Cuban freedom in
this cruntry cannot be successfully met
with a proposition to provision Cuba's
The insurrectionists themselves liave
not a4 d for food; what they waut 'rom
us is firearms. It' the pacificos are per
mitted tc return to their fields they will
sustain tlie army of independence, and
Spnin will be driven into the sea. Blanco
Hasalundy acknowledged that Wejler, the
brute, v.as riglit from his standpoint in
the policy ol concentration, and he will
in futi.ie pursue that policy. Naturally,
In- would like to have a commissariat 10
moke t least a show or reeding its vic
tims. Incidentally he Would, no do lbt,
dlven. n my rations to his own soldiery,
and thus sd'engthpn his cause.
FuitHertnorc, tlie goods sent and 1 "ii
dreds of tons will undoubtedly e snt
imitt ia.t through the customs hoieand
shrink under the toueh of Spanish thi-"'.es.
The gnir- hut has exploit ed Cuba .mil io
sorbed tile contributions of Spain has
not been made honest by the shifting or
Honest as CoiimiI General Lee utiq i.is
tionably is he cannot possibly attjn 1 to
all the details of the worK President Mo
Klulc has cut out for him 3y f jrce of
circumstance. he mu4 trust the :no;t
untrustwoitiiy set of freebooters alive,
practically none of the relief will vo to
the real sufferTS whose homes have been
despoiled and who-e liberty of nmve
nicnt isnow restricted to a non-prod btive
zone by foreign invader,.
These aie cold facts which prosp'Vtive
Contributors will do well to consider
Our Tantalizing Advuntmje.s.
It Isone of the most mysterious thingson
this earth that 'when people are askjd to
contribute to the support of things that
are no practical use to anylwdy they will
do it much moie cheerfully than they will
help -a tiling that is really of some benefit
to themselves and others. Now, nobody
will deny tnat a liandsome city hall, with
fret-work, and niokel-plate, and carving,
and marble strewn around in appropriate
places is of very little use to tlie majori'v
or the people, and that free kindergartens
for the children of the city would be of
immense use: and yet you would probably
find ten men who would contribute to the
one where you would find two willing to
give to the other. The reason may be tnat
mankind, as a whole, is very much in a
state of childhood, and likes something
it can see and feel and touch, rather than
an invisible good. The real forces -.
lire are nevertheless invisible, and the build
ing -power or this world Is not muscle and
bone, but the silent, electrical power of
This being so, anything which ten-Is So
deeloi thought, to encourage it, to give
It room to grow and fcod for its nouri.-h
incut isas much of a ncoessityasbreadand
butter. It will, in the end, help to -gZ
the incad .and butter, because all laws
dovetail into each other in one place -r
.another, and eery leal good helps along
some other good: but the thought develop
ment is in itself sufficient reason for all
that can be done in the way of cducatitjj
and culture. Tlie glaring example of pop
ular carelessness in this line at pies'1!!; is
the Congressional Library. That so large
a collection of aluabie literature is here,
in the very midst of the city, but hedged
about ih such U avay that tlio people who
niost-ueed-'it. and tbc-greatmajority of the
people whe are in any need of it whatever,
cannot gcr at It, is utterly unaccountable
on any rational basis. This library ought
to be open to the public every evening and
all of 5-uiiday afternoon. It should be
made as easy as possible for readers to get
thebooksthey waut. A ppropriationsshotdd
be made for catalogues and reference
iKioks, by which tlie ordinary reader could
work without bothering the librir'nns
with Jin.ccessary questions.
Tilt traiued' worker, of-course, goes o
Uic library, asks ror Jus.t the book he
needf. and makes his notes. lie knows what
the bet authorities are on any given sut
JeeUJindoan pursue his studies in peace.
Itut the average reader lias not only n
very tgu idea of tlie resources ot tlie
lil.rati, but a very vague idea or
fitcrature' in' general, "and unless vtie
librarians rendvc themselves into an
cdupatqnal committee, and expu.m
to him what It is lie wants Mid
where he or.n get It. he will waae
through u mat, nf usehtss material and
waste a gtcat deal, of time. The libra
rians are, to give them due credit, al
ways wll'ing to help the reader, and
Uiey ill St very effectually, but thtrc .tre
mnry.pcople who would much rather fin 1
out for themselves what there is to be
known than to both?r a busy man or .vom.in
to tell them, and tlie facilities for ti.at
are at piesent limitttdL. But even as Jiin-js
are, the library should be given to the
put'lir, at a I line when the public can vse
it. At nn.sc.nl it is very much like Iho
five-dollar gold piece in .the toe of th
smalls lipyV stocking, which he is
lowed neither to spend nor to ke-p
lt The Gliine.se T.es..
The Chinese Empire in its original hv
tegrltj orcupiedmuch the same geographical
relations to Eastern Asia that the United
States does to Nortl). America- Willi fpje
resources, fertile soil and a varied climate,
and populated by a" 'naturally intelligent
and industrious people, the Chinese thought
they wcie acting the part of wisdom in
shutting themselves in fiom the world
and going it alone.
In liih farewell address Confucius had
warned 'them, against ,enlangling foreign
alliances, and an early emperor, who lived
in Canton, had taught them the art of
non-intercourse" by means of a prohibitive
tariff. So they shut the door and .vent
in to cultivate the arts of peocc and pro
genitivencss. It suited their rulers to
suppress the military sph it formerly strong
among them, and so, barring some occa
siorml internal disturbances, they soon
forgot how to make war. In our own
time the have been armed only with the
eame spears and bows that they used
centut ies before the Christian era.
The full effect upon a nation of such !
history and conditions did not appear until
after the war with Japui. It had been
believed throughout the civilized world
that, witn a rotential military force of
millions and with ability to lose as ma ly
.men as circumstances might require. IT
.China should adopt modern arms and
rtactics her armies might overrun the East
ern Hemisphere. Tt was supposed tint
oahe had made some' advance in those re
spects. A vast amount of treasure was
spent frcm time to time for ship--, guns,
rifles, powder and shell-', but most of it
seems to have been stolen- The breaking
out of war with little Japan found China
totally unprepared with anything but the
raw material or an army: millions or men.
but no arms -ready Tor them, or time or
talent to teacli them how to um; arms it
they bad bcn at hand.
It used to be-a favorite saying all over
China: '-Oh.weare safe enough! We don't
want to go abroad to fight, and, on our
own ground, we can raise volunteer.",
enough to whip all the rest of the world!"
The mistake concealed in this go-pel
was realized when the Japanese landed,
and just sprirted across the country wit.i
a smalt rorcr.aud would have subjugated
It but for iho inlgrferencc of Europe.
The civilized powers then saw the point,
that a iiatioulikcChina,become.submiSsiVe
and slavish thiough a long era or peace
and the low scale of life incident to over
population, cannot be considered as a pos
sible military power ami can be whipped
by a small expeditionary force properly
organized, officered and supplied with all
the latest imp'vvemeiits in death-dealing
China had a. sort of a Monroe doc-trine
in-dicr-poUcyof exclusion, but Europe re
fused to acknowledge it, being not obliged
to, because of the military weakness of
the lifopoi'cnt. ""Remark's, alleged to have
been made bj the German emperor, tend
to indicate that the same view and action
miirht be adopted and tak-.n with relation
to this o untry.
The partition -of China is the logical re
sult of its peace policy, its failuretoprovide
itsclr with the means of defense, and its
crass idfocyin" believing that moral con
sidemtions would keep the struggling
and liingiy nations of Europe from grab
bing what tlie natives could not pro
Titc lessen is a serious one to us. We
have a vast population long- unused to
war. Does It not occur to the average
intelligent citizen that we ought to econo
mize on pubht buildings and the improve
ment of creeks and rivers and prop are
ourselves for the inevitable?
Intel-state Commerce Commission.
It is aiipQiH.'C.cd.jtbat ex-Chief Justice
Pax-on, of the supreme court oE Pennsyl
vania, now receiver of tlie Reading Pail-
road, is to succeed Col. William It. ?Jor
rlson, of Illinois, on the Interstate Coni
meice Commission. Although not tot i;iy
uiicxpcctcd, the announcement will create
an unpleasant impression throughout; the
country.. For sjx.moullis past it has been
known that the lending railway corpora
tions have been using all the forc of
their positior Us princely contributors to
the Republican campaign fund of 1S90 to
secure the appointment of this representa
tive of their interests to the commission.
The significant question arises: When in
the course of human, -and inhuman, events
will the time come, when Air. McKinley can
complete the liquidation of his campaign
Tin- object of placing Judge Paxson in
the position proposed is too plain to require
discussion. When the office held by Col.
Morrison is put in the hands of a rail
way receiver, the suspicion will .be justi
fied that the commission might as well be
abolished, and the interests ot the people
under the interstate commerce law turned
over to the association of railway presi
dents. Col. Morrison has administered his
comrrrissronershlp with acknowledged abil
ity, fairncsst and. regard, for equity and
justice. He has been free Xrom prejudice
or demagogy In his treatment of cor
porations, and, equally, he has been Im
partial, vigorous, and Just in enforcing the
law. To displace such a. man Cor tlia
purpose ot supplanting him with a pro
fessed representative or the interest sojght,
to be brought under Governmental con
trol, looks alarmingly like malversation
It will help to biing Mr. McKinley
within speaking distance of a public ic
action against his policy and personality,
and subject him to adverse criticism ot u
character more pointed and painful than
anything lie, so faT, lias experienced; ami
he will not have a great while to wait
l.t-fore he and his party will feel t'c
effect, ami be able to estimate the
There seems to be an epidemic, lately, or
stalementf that various murdereis .nil
biitchcis ami other people convicted of dis
gusting crimes Tor which they have ex
pressed nt sorrow until they were caught,
are bcingsustnined bythe Lord. Ofcomse,
this is a matter which nobody has a n'gnt
to dispute, and the criminals and "h'ir
specKl clergymen do right to rind comfort
in it. hut if much more is said about it
in bifi newspaper headlines some sensible
people will he templed to protest.
It is now said that tlie use of salt -water
in sprinkling the streets would be of great
service. The salt is said to bind the dirt
together so that It stays, in place between
tin: pavlnc stones; and saltwater does not
dry so quickly as fresh water. This sug
gests a possible uue for the crocodile tears
of some Congressmen. Everything should
Have Its use in this world.
Pres'dent McKinley may feel disposed
to recollect, some of these days, .that; in the
time when Napoleon was alive aud dang r
ous Instead of dead and safe, he wis cue
of the most disliked men In 'the whole
Whclhei there Is any Chinese wor-.Vlor
band-wagon or not, if Great Britain Jlimbs
on to the picscnt vehicle of that name
China will find out what it is.
Fifty-eight pet cent of our Scinio's
weie college men, but it Is well for the
college boy to remember that all of hlirt
cannot break Into the Senate, even if
we should annex the whole woild.
Sonic people are Iwthering the 'futh
Ashmcre cditois of the daily papers by
asking when the twc-itleth cmtury begins.
Some people never quite understand
whclhei the chief end of 1 man Is his
head 01 Ids feet, ambo they end ea cor
to thlnl. with their boots, and mike a
bad jot of It.
Kiao Cl'ou Pay sounds about as much
like a sicee as niijthing dii, aud Rus
sia might conclude to take possession of
it on the ground of natural affinity "in
"The world was garbed in white. Tlie
soft antl fleecy mantle of winter, like
charity, covered the seamy side or earths
That, is the space a ICansos paper takes To
announce that it snowed.
It is now t line Tor the astute Con
gressman from the rural districts to ar
range for his advertising In the Con
gressional Record, uml to stipulate that
It be well punctuated with "applause."
There is a lawyer seven years old in
Kansas. It is earnestly hopd that he will
conclude to stay there aud grow up with
the counti y.
By the time this matter of samg the
seals receives the--al oT approval from
all parties concerned, the seals will be
in a sealed tomb.
Anti-civil sen-Ice reformers are par
ticularly happy in the reflection that G2n.
Grosvenor has not yet predicted their
trini.iph or furnished any figures to
It v J1 be remembered that among 'hose
Democrats vho contributed to the election
or WlKicm McKinley to insure prosperity
William M. Singerly was promijient and
If Southern mills and adjacent cotton
patches are resionible for the Fall River
cut, it would be a good idea for some of
the Northeastern manufacturers to go
South and grr.w cotton with the country.
Gen. Grosvenor scouts the idea that lie is
merely a deadly parallel to Hon. Web At.
Flannagan. The general ha.sknown'w,iat
he is ln.re for" all along.
It the President is compelled to choose
between Secretary Gage and Senator Wol
oott, he will take his stand with the Secre
tary of tlie Treasury. But the President
will strive to steer a middle course. Novr
A Slow Imitation .
(Prom the Chicago News.)
A rioating Hem describes King Oscir of
Sweden as resembling Mr. Gladstone in his
ability as a woodchopper.and says' 'nothing
delights its ruler more than to go into the
forests, ax in hand, and spend a whole day
leveling some giant of the woods to the
ground."' If it takes King Oscar a wJiDlc
day to cut down a tree it is a fortunate
thing he does not have to earn a living by
chopping wood. King Oscar's ax eviden'-ly
(From the Chicago Tribune.)
It Mrs. Mary E. Lease, the Populistic
female statesman ot Kansas, should be
elected to the seat in Congress formsrly
occupied by the "Sockless Simpson," it
will probe bly be takeu as evidence not only
that hosieiy is coming Into favor again in
the "Sunflower State," batthatthe "e.n
lution theory" is a sound one even us it
applies to Populism.
A Slippery Definition,
(From the Omaha World-Herald.)
As wc understand Mr. Gage's definition
ot coin it means that if you ove Mr. Gage
coin means gold, but if Mr. Gage owes
you coin means cither gold or silver, al
though ho can pay in greenbacks or na
Itonal bank notes if lie sees fit.
An Indefinite Measure.
(From the Chicago News.)
It is said that victims oT the famine in
Russia -wander about, "their heads swollen
to the size of baskets." Thousands or
men in this country have tlie same ail
ment, aud tl-cy are not suffering from
t The nntl-Iiannaff people in the Ohio
legislature aie havnigra bard time finding
a candidate who -vm consent to permit his
name tc le used. The latest gossip from
Columbus Is to tlieffrktvlhaBushneil lias
been eliminated, anVthat the opposition
may center upon either Secretary Sherman
or Hon. John Little,' of Xenia. Quite a
boom lias been stafrte'dCi'n Cleveland for
Little, and while it Jajaid Judge Little
lias not given hisintjjioii, the affair is
being engineered by 'some of his closest
personal friends. Mr. Little enjoys the
distinction of having been beaten for Con
gress bv the narrow jstj'margin of any
man who was ever a candidate in Ohio, ex
cept Rat hcrfordB. Hayes, ile was defeated
by former Gov. James E. 'Campbell, by a
ma joritj of two votes in a total of aim- ht
no.OOO east. The seat was contested, but
Campbell was not ousted.
Mr. Little is a rohl, austere, man, and
how a teally enthusiastic boom cm he
worked up Ut him is not understood by.
those here who know him. It is iudjr
Htoodthat the Demcorats will not join with
the dlsgi untied Republicans to elect the
innii they mt hcc-uu. This Is part or the
game of iKjlities. Tlie Democrats belie fe
that Hanna is the rock uiwn which the
Republican party in Ohio will split, and
they woMld rather see him elected than
any other Republican. His methods are
such that ho is fast demoralizing Ohio
Republicans, and it lie is again elected
he will run the party altogether. The
only hope for his defeat lies in the ability
of the malcontents to hold out and resist
the blandishments of Banna's agents. A
hundful or men have frequently miccasded,
In other States, In defeating the caucus
nominee, and Ohio Republicans who want
to see the party grow and prosper hope
for a .similar result next month.
A lively struggle between Republicans
is developing in Indiana. It grows out
of tlie bclier on the part of Republicans
ot the llcosicr State that they will carrV
tlie legislature and select Senator Turpie's
successor. The out-and-out candidates so
far a re Gov. Mount, ex-Congressman Handy
oftheTenrhdistrictand Gen. Lew Wallace,
the well-known author. Eacli ot these
candidates is seeling the influence of
Lieut. Gov. Paggaid, and each thinks he
is entitle! to it. Lieut. Gov. Haggard
says he wil take no part in the conte.se.
and dfcclsies that he lias no preference.
Quietly, however, it is said that Mr. Hag
gard is doing whathe can Tor Gov. Moun,
Tor I113 own aspirations suggest that this
is his proper course. Should Gov. Mount
be elected, then Lieut. Gov. Haggard as
sumes thegube'natorialducies;, which would
be an important stepping-stone to better
things in the future. Gov. Ilaggird is
ambitious, and it he can by this method
remove Gov. Mount from his way it is
not to be expected that he would be so
self-sacrificing as to enlist under the ban
ner ot' any of the other candidates.
There is IxiritiniKg'irftijc some unmistak
able evidences. of a want ofharnionyamong
Tndiana Republican's,?' A Republican con
ference has been called to meet in Indian
apolis Tuesday of jhlsuveek. and it is to
important thai Sinmtor-Palrlianks and the
India 11a delegation wit I attenil.lt is intended
to betlu commencementofaboomfcrascc
ond term for McKinley and the suppression
of an incipient Harrison movement thathas
recently ile eloped1 A meeting of tie In
diana delegation was held one night last
week at t he residence or Congressman Over
street. It was attended also by eery im
portant Fedeial t1Trici.1l in Washington
who comes from Indiana'. At this meeting
a program Avas arranged and the details
worked out with res ne'e t to what shall
be said and done at the coming conference.
There Is no doubt but that the program
will be sfitisfactory'to the President, for
it was submltt'.-d to'him, and received his
seal of arprtval before being sent, oul
to the State leaders'. Ex-President liar
risou- whc. would naturally be expected
to be present at any conference of Indiana
Republici-ns. has not been invited, nor
have am of the men who were actively
identified with his Administration, or
who arc now his personal friends. It is
said tlat til" failure to invite Mr. Har
rison has been accepted by bin friends
as a personal affront.
Mr. Harrisou htms?If dos not talk about
it further than to say that he has not
received an Invitation to attend any con
ference ot Indiana Republicans. Having
thus put an indignity upon the former
leader it will probably be accepted as a
challenge, nndevery movf henceforth made
looking to the firmer establishment of the
McKinley machine will be carefully
watched by the Harrison crowd. The
power of that Taction ought not to Ie
und'Tesfmated by the Administration.
Members ot Congress who have been
here through several terms do not lelleve
the pioposed plan of publishing a full list
or the pensioneis will reach the evil that
is sought to be eradicated. Aboutadojcu
years ago the it was , great hueand outcry
over alleged pension frauds, and after
some debate Congress finally ordered the
pension list publiFhed. It was argued
In the discussion that this publicity would
enable the public to detect cases sup
posed to be fraudulent and bring them
to the attention or the authorities.
After tl.o published list had been in
the hands- of the public for some time
a Congressional investigation was set on
foot and considerably less than 100 cases
were discoveied. The amount saved to
the Government did not approximate the
expense attached to the di-covcry of the
cases, and members of Congress say Mid
same thing will now result if the ef
fort is again made. What seems to be
needed mure than anything else is remedial
legis!atior-laws that will stop the pres
ent, leaks, through which the Treasury is
drained of millions of. dollars every year.
The Commissioner of Pensions himself
says that it is impossible to stop t Uz-,a
leaks unless the laws are changed; that
the department is at the mercy or pnsicu
attorneys, who annually force the depart
ment to pay hundreds ot thousands of
dollars legitimately, but unjustly, and
all because, imderl the1 loose wording of
tlie statutes, this'jort' of thing cannot
be stopped. Some'rniucal pension legisla
tion is needed, and'somc members hope to
be able to get It through during this- .ses
There is method in the opposition of
Senator Cullom to the possible selection of
Judge Taxson, of Pennsylvania, to be
interstate commerce commissioner. Sena
tor Cullom insists that" the place should go
to Illinois, from whlohState Judge Mor
rison, who will retire", was appointed.
Senator Cullom says 'Illinois has plenty
of good iren entitled trfthe place and one
in particular, Judge Littler.
Mr. Littler was formerly one of the Gov
ernment directors of. the Pacific R.tiirod.
nnd Senntor Cullom says he Is possessed
of peculiar qualifications. Senator Cul
lom's support of Judge Littler Is chiefly
due to the fact that Judge Littler is his
No Use' for It.
(From the YblloV Book.)
"It works this way," said the agent;
"when a burglar tries to open the window
the be'I begins ringing and wakes you up.'
"Bell rings and wakes me up.'"' said
Popper. "And it will wake the baby, too.
I don't want it. Take it away. I' guess
you don't know that kid ot mine."
(From the Chicago Becord.)
"Mv wire iiad a good cry last night."
"She told me to guess what she had
j bought me for Christmas, and 1 guessed." I
To the Editor ot The Times:
The silver question is of greater import
ance than any the people ot the United
States have ever been called upon to ce
termlnc. Ernest Scyd said lb was the
quebtibn of tlie age, and takes precednce
ot every other matter involved in monetary
science." 1'et it is treated by advooites
ot the single gold standard as it it tere
only important because tlie advocat.-s of
the double standard ot gold and sil"er
had made it so, and some of tlie nmre
prominent of the gold monometallists have
insisted on its being entirely regarded
from tlie standpoint of mere borrowers
of money, neglecting the earners ot m n;y
that is, the producers ot wealth.
At the discovery of 'America there -vas
but little money in Europe. Tlie told
mines known to the world wcrepracMcally
cxhaustcd, and the silver mines wore rew.
The monc ot England was almost en
tirely silver, and the silver was obtained
rrom the lead ores ot the kingdom. Th -re
was some gold-mining in the lead hills
ot Scotland as well as in tlie inojiiinins
of WIcklow, in Ireland.
The opening up to Europe of the ftores
of gold and rfllver in America, as well as
of the mine discovered here, soon Iwgan to
make money plcntiT in Europe aud
prices lose. The world took and used all the
precious metals' or America, and the "-suit
was the increase oT prices, the ru-.vth of
manufactures and trade, the advance of
knowledge, greater development of the
world's resources and the increase " iopii
lation and wealth.
With but little variation tin; production
ot the ptccious metals conthi ted u 111
crt-ase, and the money ot the world in
creased faster than its population. Prices
Increased hvcntisj the money of the world
increased. Prices continued to increase
notwithstanding the Cost of the production
and thp carrying of goods decreased, having
the effect to les.en prices. Tlie financiers
of the v.orhl knew this when they began
the agltutlon for the denioaetI.i ion of
The demonetization of silver reversed
the policy or centuries. Tt lessened the
amount of money in theworidand threat
ened one-hair of it with destruction, the
effect being to add to the wealth of those
whose wealth was in money orln obliga
tions pajablr. m money, and to take fr,,m
the wealth or those whose wealth s-a"
in lands, manufacturing, carrying, etc,
that is, the wealth-creating Portion of the
Some or the economists who saw the
disastrous effects the demonetizatio'i of
silver would have upon the industries
and the people of the world, had the
courage tt, raise their voices ugaln.it it.
Wo'owski, of France, "protested that
there was not gold enough for the use
proposed, nd predicted that the adoption
of the lxjiicy would be followed by a gen
eral fall of prices and widespread financial
ruin." Ernest Seyd, of England, :aid:
"It is a great mistake to suprose that
the adoi tion of the gold valuation by
other states besides England will Le len
ericial. It will tidy lead to tie dcMrut
tlon of the nioretary Equilibrium hitherto
existing and cause a fall in the alue of
silver, fioir which England's trade and
the Indian siHer valuation will suffer
more thau all other interests, grievous a
the general decline of prosperity all oer
the world will te."
Prof. James E. Tfcorold Eoger.s intimated
what the e-ffect of the den.on-etlzaf ion of
silver would he. In his lecture on prices,
published in his ''Economical Interpret.!
tion or Histoty." he says:
Three causes tend to depress or raise
prices, one In the course oT economical
history to raiee them, two others to de
press them. The depressing causes have
never overtaken the exalting- cause, i'C
cept in some insignificant cases, and
every eff-irt is made to prevent H) entire
a change in relative values as suclt a re
sult would erred. If It did take place
universe lly, it is difficult to see how
Society would accommodate iteelf to the
obligations which it has created, or sur
fered to l.c created, in its behalf. It i
a minor, but only a minor, matter, that
It would effect an entire soelii rvol 1
tion, b.-cauPe it would seriously effect til
vho have depreciable property, i. c,
working capital and land, and as inev
itably better those who hav that prop
erty m which a fixed rate of interest s
paid for advances, the fund and debent ire
holder j. c. the man to whom the ei-.i
Ings of the nation, and the earnings r.t
the industrial companies, are pledged at
a given rate ot interest.
"The three causes are (1) tlie plenty
and scarcity of gold and silver; ror the
last .'500 years the elevating cause of
prices. Tlie two other.-, are (2) diminished
cot of 1 induction, and (.'5) diminished cost
Why has (he demonetization ot silver had
such a terrible depressing effect ,tipou the
world? Eeer.ufc it has made' money
scarcer. This was the object of the
policy, for (he merest tyro in moiifary
science knows that to make money scarcer
makes it dearer. AnytMngfor which th-'re
is a universa I demand, as there Is for mr.-i-jy,
cannot be scarce and cheap at the sum
time- Tlie demand for an article blng
practically unlimited, and the supply being
limited, the price of the article must be
Before the demonetization of silver, silver
and gold could be coined in the mbits of the
world on equal terms, the weight of the
respective coins being fixed by Jaw. The
money unit, made of either metal, vas a
legal tender ror all debts, public or private.
Under this policy the world grew and pros
pered. Insidiouslj, so far as the I'nited
States was concerned, the riglit or --oining
silver was taken away, arid its full iegal
tender power also taken away. How could
such a iolicy be otherwise than disastrous
to the people of this country as well as
of the world?.
The issue now is to restore the right
of coinage to silver in making-silver i.rits
of money, dollars, francs, rupees, or what
not, fuH legal tender for all debts, public
and private, and start tlie world again
on a career of prosperity and advance
ment There are many ills afflictfn.tr peo
ples that even plenty of money cannot
cure, but as men must be fed and clothed
it. is first necessary that there-should be
sufficient money to enable them to- do
this. When this is obtained they may
apply remedies Tor the correction nt the
other evils. H. M. BEADLE.
Consolidation for the "Twin Cities."
(Trem the Chicago Tribune.)
The pic-ject has fceen started anew to
consolidate the "twin cities"' oT St. Paul
and Mini eapolis, after the manner of w
York and Brooklyn. As has happened 10
twins before, these two northwestern
cities have led rather a "cat-and-dog-life"
for irany years, and whether a slower
relationship would bring about per inn ;it
peace, or merely transfer the seat of irrita
tion to son e other point, is a question that
can only be determined by time. Ko
intimation is given whether the new cor
poration is to be called Greater Minneap
olis or Greater St. Paul, or nerely Minne
Paul, ard it is feared that that may prove)
the "crux" of the whole situation. '
(From the Chicago Record.)
"Miss Tiker wouldn't have me, but
she evidently appreciated my propo3 iL'
"Why do you think so?"
"She to'd fifteen different girls about
(From the Chicago Tribune.)
"Squaltinger, what has become of your
earring ami span of bays?"
"Had lo sell them. Flick inger- I'm keep
ing a baby carriage and span of twins.'"
TWO BIG COMFORTS. '?
The Russian -Vest---A garment made purposely for every- J
J t body, who is exposed to the weather .. 5
t gripmen, motormen, policemen, teamsters, coachmen, bicyclists. J
d The cold cannot get through it. Made of domestic woolens, S
j lined throughout with warm fabrics and interlined, both back and 9 ,
front, with textile buckskin; double-breasted front and high Rus- J
f sian cut about the neck, making it not only a garment of com- ,
J fort, but a perfect throat and lung protector.
f As with every good thing the makers have placed these Rus- g.
J sian Vests with us. Isn't it worth from $1.50 to 4.50 to you J
0 to keep absolutely warm in the coldest weather? -
Bicycle Reefers. They're another comforter we want to
call Jo , your attention. They are our
make, and for the y.'heel are the most serviceable garments you
can wear. Being short they're not in the way made of Frieze
or Chinchilla, warmly lined, you won't know what cold is. Some
of them have big sailor collars that cm be turned into hoods at,
a jiffy's notice; plenty of pockets.
Lots of Reefers around that are called Bicycle Reefers but
we have made ours to meet the special requirements of wheel
men. $4.50 to $10.
Talking about bicycling have you seen the Saks Continu
ous Ringing Bell? It's the simplest and the best Bell out. You
ought to have one.
(?afa&4c$evetmc$'-. "c$co&' zW
o ' tv v ''
NOT MANIFEST DESTINY.
To th Edit r of The Times-
While the honorable Randal! f'remer ex-
memter or the British Parliament, is Here
working for a treay of arbitration. I would
respectu!ij recommend him to drop nil the
rot about "Anglo-Saxon" countries at a
basis for an Anglo-American union a-siin.s
the other civilized nations of the world.
You quote: -Mr. Crctner in your issue cf
this n timing as saying-that "'fcoiiie of tfce4
Eun.pear powers have a program to carve
up China and divide the slices am jng I
themselves " and he says, if the y-junirf
German Emperor means to enlarge Ms;
possessions in the East, he will find that"!
other nMiotis will not look quietly on: that i
France would have something to say- and j
that England would not stancTpas-i-re ' nd
allow Germany, Russia, and perhaps
Franc?, to cat i y out schemes of aggrandise
ment ii- the Orient: and that last, 'iut i.on
least, the United States must be r-eci: .ied
with. The Anglo-Saxon countrie-.,het ""ys,
meaning England and the United Sta c
"mother ami daughter"!?) -would "all a
halt on any project of that kind.
I would lemlnd tnis self-complaisant
'Anglo-eixon that there arc a go ..J
many ccuntrymet: of the yo mg Emperor
of Gennanv In this country, and mjuy
more of their iace all American citUen, -who
would have a word tn say in regard
tc a combination of the aforesaid "n.o.!:cr
and daughter' against their fatherland.
And then what about the Irish and their
kindred?- And what of the FranCo-A-neri-cau
clem-nt in our make-up, not to speak
of tlie Russians, Scandinavians, and Ital
lau; and last, though not least, our colo-ed
biethren. who owe their former condition
of slavery to British colonial institutions?
When Mr.Cicmer takea theso-cailed 'A.ul
Saxon"' element meaning by that Eng
lish from the millions and t2ns of inillii'ib
of the othei i aces or nationalities that
make-up our sfventy-n ve million? of A neri
can., hewiiifind a comparatively lu'fcsrifi
cant residue to count upon for an nter
uational "Anglo-Saxon"' alliance. There
aie a good many millions of American
citizens who would look on very calmly
and Quietly in any contest between icr
majesty aud the- young lluiperorof .lei'-uan':
and I would respectfully inform thi-fn Mi
cmip-arv that the people or this, eo'.mtry
aie well able to take care of their iuterrsts
in China and elsewhere without :he Mil
of tlie aforesaid "mother." And Jet me
&aj fuither to Mr. Cremer that the leri'ian
element of our population hold the I.iiatice
political power in any great party
question that may ari-e in this jimtry,
and when Enslnnd i? to be afito-red ly
German police, either m A.Ma or Africa,
Eigland will find that, so far as this
cot-nliy l concerned, the German Ameri
can? will have good backing iu the Imh
American voters. J. I). O'COX.ViXL.
11 LICIDE j-iritftENnEHS.
"Killed Ihihy With Blow Aimed at
New York. Dec. 2.". -Christmas morn
ing pro'.ed a di-mal one for Theodore
Cronin. a Brooklyn lahorer. Ile wa. locked
up Iu a cell at the We-t 132d street police
stat bn. t'-is city, charged with causing the
death of Msi:: mouths old baby.
He had been a fugitive from justice f'r
four inoi-th.,and at dawn this mornitr-r. :.e
walkie into the station mid gave him-eir un.
In i Imimr a bJow at his wire on Aucust
US lat he struck the baby in the head.
It di'jd a row days later and Ci)uin dis
appected. lie and hi wiTe. Mary Cronin, who pro
cured a warrant for his arrest last Sep
tember, had separated. With her baby
In her arms she met her husband in l)c
graAV street. Brooklyn, on August US.
She ashed him to buy a pair or shoe
for the l.aly. Cronin refused and t'lrti-'d
IIK wife followed, pleading for money
ri get the baby's shoe.-1, when Cronin sud
denly turned and aimed a savage blow
at her lead.
The rlenched Hsl fell on the fa by head
and thr child iva thrown into con vj!.-ion.
Cronin ran aAvay. The mother carried
the baby to a physician, but the child
grew bteadiiy worse, and died a Aveek
The Cssvr in 7ipau.
(From the Capital.)
I heard a little .story about the KuUn
Emperor the other day, which has never
been printtd, because he was obviously not
,in a position to tell it himself, and the
other person concerned did not know Eng
lish, or tiie newspapers. It concerns his
visit to Japan .some years ago. During the
first few dtysot ids stay thsre the weather
was -cry wet, and .some rejoicings, w'lich
had been planned on acco ml or his com
ing, had. to be postponed. So the Em
peror, w'lh some of his suiter mousjd
aiound the st'eets of Hi? Tapanee elfcy
of ToUio, and. studied tlie people.
One dcy he strayed into a curio shop
There were many valuable things in this
shop, iomc of them worth thousands of
dollars and when the visitor picked up
one thing aftei another, liketl it, traded
for It In broken Eng'sih and more jro'wn
Japanese, aad paid f or lc, the shoo'eceper
epiickiy corclmled that, he hart a cits
Unguis! ed customer.- and that it must lie
the Russian Emperor. The Japanese are
polite lo eve i y one, lr.it the shopkeeper was
possibly r. little more polite than usual
when i.p had figured this out. The cis
lomer spent a good deal of money, and tne
is only Si.
' .-m. ,tv k v. &'.'& o
' shopkeeper Tel: as ,r n- had been suddenly
j caught ui into th.- mldd!" ' a falry-tate-
I Finaltj , just as he wa- leaving t! shop.
tne Emperor taut-tit iight or a large urn-
j brella 1l- one corner. It struck him as
l henig c en mor Japanese than anything
no had bought, and he poun-edon It. The
shopkeeper's race took on a horrified ex
pression. He remonstrated. But as he
touUl only remonstrate in Japanese, and
the tmperor did not know Japanese, the
remonstrance failed to "orni-ct. The more
e shopkeeper tried to signify that he
did not want to sell' the :imbrella, at
course, the more the Emperor wanted to
have it. He hud got the idea firmly fixed
in his mir.d that it must be even more
valuable and more truly Japanese than '
anything he had yet bouslv. So finally he '
"oC jt- a",d Iail f-jr it. ami carried it
away, the ihopkeeper -standing in the
doorway and looking after taim wjtii a.
blank, mortified aid distressed con-tenaner-.
And the trouble was? Simply that that,
umbrella hail a toig.- advertisement of the
shop printed on it. in "-taring letters, anil
theEw peror of all th..-RuSusltad iMaM-he-cahniy
uown the -treet in the rain as an
Impromptu t-ariilwirh nian-
I had the story from a m ek little Japrut
.e student who happened to be in tle
shop and saw the whole transaction.
IIS CK TO CENTER MABKKT.
Dhsti ie-t Nutional Guard Will Re
turn to Old Quarters?.
The District National Grard willow iSc
1st of FetiiHar;. la9S. ic-mrn to tlaeireh
quarter, in the second story of the Center'
Market t uildirg
Brig. Gen. George H. Harries yest-Hrtiay
uotified tfce w ners of the property mow
occupied as an armory and drill tall of the
Gen. Tiarrie-. when en last eveifK:.
said thathe aud other wrx.,lR. had coaltaf
were convinced t feat the n-ove -was? in tl
best it frets of tte District a-intta. Se
far as accommodation are ccn'eioed.le
said. t'e Center Market building will n-tit
the rec,miriieiit splendidly. Aside from
the convenience the budding will afftird.
the location i- considered by the member
of the guard as the moot lairaMe i ike
city on account of its eay arcestiMlitjr by
all the street railway lines.
The Seventh street wim of 'he Center
Market hall will be remodeled. msk.Mig
available a space equally as ;r. a-
Central Kail. The soiih third of this -pwre
is to be tra reformed in'o a rifle gallery.
This wrt! be Independent of the company
quarters awl will be open all day. TThr
gallery willbelarger than tfcepre?ewi.
and wilt include many new features, it
ciiiding pistol target. In the Seventb
street wing will also be an eleeantly ap
pointed gymnasium to meet x ro.vfng
feature of the local brigade Th gym
nasium wiil- be .oparkMi" and w'H kave
attached a locker room, toilet room a art
shower baths,, with plenty of !fc;!W, &Ht
and ventilation, and an entrance Hirtly
distinct Troir- any entrance from the com
pany f uartcrs. thus mnk'ng the property
much s.ifei tl an it ever has been.
Tlie Poor or the Seventh strr-efc irljr
will be cf mncrete, with a eo.-ri-- of
wood. Between the gymnasium awl Bhei
ririe gallery the fhmr will be brokew"
to prevent vibration.
Tlie remodeling of the lmll and other
preparations for the reception f the gti-;is
will begin r.cxt vreek. The greatest de
lay will be caused by the wait fur th
budding of new lockers. Even thottgb the
building is ready before February X, thtr
move- -Kould not he made until that time.
So ra: as the removal cr the occutprnsents
and other property oT the guard fror ffitr
old quarters i-s concerned, it will taklwc
a very short while, possibjy not a whole
day. Tn connection with the removal .if the
District Guard lit the new quart), ie
is a matter of interest to know how it
would afreet the National FenctMes. Ib
is tlie general desire of the gariLHeit
that the Fercibles will make their home
with them in the new quarters. It is nob
at all probable that the latter ivutiHl en
tertain such a proposition at thL timu
It i- not much more than a year ago sine
the Fencibles fitted up their old and new
home or. E street in excellent style- From
what was learned last night, it is not
thought thf. Fencibles will change their
A Hoon to i'por'-Miieii.
(From the Chicago Record.)
It Is fortunate tlmt t tr? comments of many
sportsmen while attempting to intanglfj
a set of decoy ducks and lin-s with anchors
mad from old doorknob;, railroad 'pikes,
chunks of lead, and miscellaneous scrap
Iron, in the teeth or a brisk, icy oieeM-,
are carried away on the win-ca of -he
wind. The exp?rrenc-, as all duel: hinders
can tell, I&to the last degree-exasperatm:-;.
A new method of anchoiing decoys bus
been dt vised, which its inventor .-lain.
I destined lo be a gieat moral influ .n i.
When thN anchor is u-ed the lines cannot
become entangled, and the setting of lCtor
Is accomp'ished as rapidly an a sportsman
can pick them up front his boat and throw
their, to the desired po--ition. Another
advantage is that when after a days sport
the Micrott-1 starts to pick uP his dee3
he finds I he-anchor unfonied with weeds.
The:j- a lienors are made from a single p(e e
of east Iron or an elliptical shape, op" i
wide enough at the broid end to lr.p
Cii-ilJ over the head or the decoy after
winding the anchor line about its ody.