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title: 'The times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, April 19, 1898, Image 1',
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Threatening weather and rain; colder;
THE MY li THE SES1IE
Interest Awakened When the
House Was Heard From.
BUSSING DEBATE FOR HOURS
'Die Upper llonsc In. a rcrmcnt Dnr
inxr Butli the Day ami Rveiiing'
Sessions Proceedings in Detail of
an Extraordinary Sitting l!r.
IUivrlins vu E'seenti'ie Preroga
tives. Despite the fact that the center of in
terest clearly was in the other end of the
Capitol, when the Senate was called to
order at noon yesterday there were not
many vacant seats In the galleries.
Ladies predominated, as was the case
during the series of warm war debates of
last week, and they seemed to take great
interest in the routine proceedings and In
the presentation of minor bills which
marked the opening hours of the session,
they evidently having in mind the fact
that many of the men who yesterday were
speaking calmly of comparatively small
fry matters were the ones who, but a
few hours since, had thundered forth
their defiance to another nation and de
clared for war.
While to the casual observer the Senate
preserved its customary august mien, to
the experienced eye it was evident that
there was an undercurrent of anxiety as
to the action of the lower House on the
war and recognition resolutions of Sat
urday. There were several conferences
between the leaders on the two sides in
the Senate, both In the cloak-room and in
Mr. Rawlins of Utah arose to address
the Senate at 12:50 upon the distinctive
right of the President to recognize the
national Independence of Cuba. "It has
been contended," he said, "that the
power to recognize the international In
dependence of Cuba rests with the Pres
iJent. That power ought not to be exer
cised. I desire to discuss the question on
the provisions of the Constitution. The
power to recognize national independence
.s not conferred, in express terms, on the
President or any department of the Gov
ernment. Heretofore it has existed as an
incidental authorization." He then cited
numerous decisions by the United States
Supreme Court bearing upon the question
and upon which he made no comment.
ot an Ka-ocutiie Function.
Mr. Rawlings held that the recognition
of national independence by the President
would be subject to review by the Senate.
The right has been but incidental to his
power to receive foreign ambassadors,
which right Is not conferred upon him,
by the way, in any part of the Constitu
tion. Mr. Rawlins declared that the
pow er to declare war is vested exclusively
in the Congress and that the President
Las no right to receive any foreign repre
c r.taflves until a declaration of -war shall
hi.c been made A declaration of war
t: a. y destroys all existing treaties be
tween the countries at war, and It alto
breaks off diplomatic relations.
If the President should recognize na
tional independence, the Congress dis
tantly has the right to wipe out all ihe
trea es or other recognition which may
1-j.ve neon maue. tJongre&s also may
snatch away from the Executive the right
10 rcceic foreign ambassadors, he de
clared. W hik Mr. Rawlins was speaking Gen.
Grrsror came over from the Hous-e
r.d went directly to Mr. Hanna's seat.
H talked with the Senator from Ohio for
several moments and then repaired to the
Mr. Hale, the senator from Spain, left
U.' floor shortly after Mr. Rawlins began
to talk, and made his way to the diplo
matic gallery. where he engaged In con
. creation with two ladies who occupied
frirt cats, and who arose as he ad
Mr Rawlins said that the President, In
e.11 Lis diplomatic relations with Spain,
L:,& nc-ver recommended that the domi
nant aim of the negotiations was the
freedom of Cuba. "It is not a question
of lack of confidence in the Executive,
but one of doubt as to the convictions
which imnel him to act as he may -act,"
he said in conclusion.
At 2:50 o'clock the Senate was informed
that the House had failed to concur in
the amendments to the resolution au
thorizing the President to intervene with
the Army and Navy in Cuba.
Mr. Davis moved that the Senate con
cur in the amendments of the House, and
on that motion he addressed the Senate
briefly. He said:
"In my great anxiety to secure the
speediest possible action upon this great
question, I have refrained from taking
any part in the debate in which it has
been considered. I now desire to say a
"The resolution as it has come from the
House and is now before us, adopts pre
cisely, with the exception which 1 shall
note, the majority resolution that was
reported from the Senate Committee on
Foreign Affairs, with the addition of the
amendment prepared and offered by the
senator from Colorado (Mr. Teller). The
exceptions are striking out the words 'are.
and' In this resolution as reported from
the Senate committee, and striking oUl
what is known as the Turpie amendment,
recognizing the indpendence of the Re
public of Cuba.
"This whole question has been subject
to much debate and controversy In the
meantime, .the Indignity inflicted on this
nation by the destruction of the Maine
has icmained unchastised, and manv lives
have passed away in Cuba while we hae
been debating this question.
"Xow, appealing to that desire which
we all have, that the action of this Gov
ernment be no longer delayed, and believ
ing that the question of the recognition
of the independence of Cuba is one that
can be settled at any time in the future,
I move that the Senate concur In the
amendments of the House of Representa
tives." Mr. Stewart here took the floor, and
from all appearances was prepared to go
Into the question in much detail. He had
not proceeded far, however, when sena
tors began to realize the fact, and Sena
tor Teller touched him on the arm and
asked him if he would yield for a vote,
to which he replied he would most gladly.
Mr. Davis withdrew his motion to con
cur and moved that the Senate Insist
on its amendments.
It was decided after considerable dis
cussion not to appoint a conference com
mittee, but to let the House ask for one
If it failed to accept the terms of the
Mr. Hale took part in this discussion
and urged that such a committee be ap
pointed by the chair. He characterized
is as an exceedingly strange procedure
for the Senate not to concur and also
not to ask for a conference.
A vote was taken and it was decided to
to non-concur and not ask for a confer
ence. The resolution again wended its weary
way back to the House to be handled in
a summary manner by that body.
That body still maintained their posi
tion and voted to have a conference, ap
pointing as managers Messrs. Adams,
Heatwole, and DInsmore.
At 5:15, the resolution again appeared
In the Senate with the information above
Mr. Davis immediately moved that the
Senate grant the request for a confer
ence, and that the chair appoint the
This motion was opposed very vigor
ously by Mr. Allen, who maintained that
the managers of the conference should
be balloted for.
Considerable time was consumed in the
discussion of this point, but the original
motion finally prevailed and the chair
appointed Messrs Davis, Foraker and
Morgan to confer with the House com
mittee. When this decision was reached it was
0:30 o'clock, and a recess was taken un
til 8 o'clock.
When the Senate reconvened at &
o'clock Mr. Davis stated that the con
ferees had been unable to agree. There
had been, he said, no difficulty In agree
ing to tho House provision striking out
the recognition of the Cuban Republic,
but on the matter of striking out the
words "are, and," In the first paragraph
stating that the Cubans "are, and of right
ought to be, free," Mr. Davis said the dif
ferences were irreconcilable
Mr. Morgan said there was no use to
send tho resolutions back to conference
-for the conferees could not get an agree
ment unless the House receded from its
Mr. Foraker stated to the Senate that
he was greatly disappointed. Before the
Senate agreed to the conference Mr. For
aker said that ho had information that
the two houses could agree if the Senate
WASHINGTON, TUESDAY, APRIL 19, 1S9S.
THE JOINT RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS. -
For the recognition of the independence of the people of Cuba, demand
ing that the government of Spain relinquish its authority and gov
ernment in the Island of Cuba, and withdraw its land and naval forces
from Cuba and Cuban waters, and directing the President of the United
States to use the land and naval forces of the United States to carry these
resolutions into effect.
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States
of America in Congress assembled.
First. That the people of the Island of Cuba are and of right ought to
be free and independent.
Second. That it is the duty of the United States to demand, and the
Government of the United States does hereby-demand, that the government
of Spain at once relinquish its authority and government in the Island of
Cuba and withdraw its land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban waters.
Third. That the President of the United' States be, and he hereby is,
directed and empowered to use the entire land and naval forces of the United
States, and to call into the actual service of the United States the militia of
the several States, to such extent as may be necessary to carry these resolu
tions into effect.
Fourth. That the United States hereby disclaims any disposition or
intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control over said island
except for the pacification thereof, and asserts its determination when that
is accomplished to leave the government and control of the island to its
yielded the recognition amendment. Be
lieving this to be true Mr. Foraker had
consented to serve on tho conference com
mittee. When the conferees got into
conferenco Senator Foraker said that
not because ho had changed his mind,
but for tho sake of harmony he had
agreed to abandon the recognition amend
ment, provided the House amendment to
the first clause striking out the words
"are, and" was yielded by the House. TMs
the House conferees refused to do. To the
great disappointment of tho committee
they- found that this was not satisfactory
to thoso who represested tho House.
If Congress was not to recognize that
the people of Cuba were free and Inde
pendent, then Mr. Foraker contended that
Congrss negatived the proposition ipon
which it had been acting. If the United
States was to intervene with force of
arms then it was to fight somebody, and
if no positive declaration be contained
in the resolution that the people of Cuba
are free, then the United States was to
fight Spain and all her subjects, and the
United States would be practically de
claring war against the people of the
Island of Cuba as well as Spain.
Mr. Hoar's Pica.
Mr. Hoar made a plea for concurrence
in the request of the House, and declared
that within ten days everything that was
desired for the Cubans would be secured
and in a constitutional way.
At this point Mr. Mills took a hand in
tho debate. He declared that the lan
guage declaring the Cubans free was one
hundred years too late. He thought that
it was a very small thing for the House
Mr. Daniel thought that there was
nothing that the Senate could do but, to
insist on its stand on the resolution.
That every vestige of independence for
the Cubans should not be wiped out.
Mr. Mason said: "This is the notice
they serve on us: That they will give us
neither intervention nor anything else,
unless we concede to the technical de
mands of the Administration."
Mr. Mason went on to state that he
would vote with the majority in order to
get action, but that he would fight for
Cuban Independence later.
IJy a Narrow Majority.
A vote was taken and the Senate by a"
vote of 40 to 39 decided not to recede
from their demands not to strike ouB
the words "are, and." ?
The Senate then took a recess until7
The resolution reached the House at
9:35 p. m.
After it had been read, a motion to
recede and accept the Senate demand;
was made by Mr. Bromwell. A vote
was taken on this motion, resulting as
follows: Yeas, HI; nays, 177, which was
practically the same as a"il other votes
cast by tho House on the question.
Mr. Adams moved that the House In
sist and ask for another conference,
which was carried.
Mr. Johnson moved that tho House ad
journ. This motion was voted down by
a ringing no. A recess was taken until
At 10:25 the resolution was again re
ported to the Senate, with the informa
tion that the House further insists- on its
fllcafjrcement andsasks a further confer
ence""' Mr. Davis moved that the Senate ac
cede to the request of the House.
Mr. Allen then demanded that the Sen
ate inake the selection of the conferees
and not the Chair.
This last question met with some oppo
sition pn the part of Mr. Gallinger.
Mr. Allen said he was not in favor of
sui rendering his vote without being cap
tured, and he was not in a frame of
mind to be captured.
Mr. Mason urged "that Mr. Allen yield
and reopen the fight tomorrow, and he
would fight with him.
Mr. Allen declared that this whole
scheme was nothing but an organized at
tempt on the part of certain capitalists
to save their dollars. If the Sen
ate enacted the same farce over again
It was evident there was not an honest
desire to secure Cuban independence.
By a vote of 49 to 2S the Vice President
was authorized to appoint conferees, and
ho' again appointed Messrs. Davis, Mor
gan and Foraker.
The Senate, at 10:50, took a recess for
Nothing else of interest broke the mo
notony until the conferees reported.
CBESPO IS KILLED.
TIic Ex-President o Venezuela Falls
L'ondon, April 18. A cable from Cara
cas, Venezuela, says Gen. Joaquin Cres
po, ex-president of Venezuela, was killed
Saturday while fighting against the rebel
forces of Gen. Hernandez.
Gen. Grespo, who is reported to have
been killed in battle with rebels in Ven
ezuela, distinguishing himself in the rev
olution of 1871 and 1S79. He ended Blan
co's revolution by the fight of Elsamuro
and in 1SSJ. Blanco handed the presidency
of the republic over to Crespo.
He resigned In 1SSG and In 1SSS started
a 'revolution against President Paul.
Crespo was made provisional presi
dent In 1892. He was president
of Venezuela when the boundary ques
tion occurred in which President Cleve
land took Venezuela's part on the ground
of the Monroe doctrine.
EXPELLED FROM CUBA.
Correspondent of the London
iTimi's licij nested to Leave.
X.opdon, April .19. The Havana corre
spondent of the Times has been requested
by tlic authorities to leavo Guba. He
will leave tomorrow for Key West.
Commenting on the expulsion of its cor
respondent, the Times says that this is
the latest Instance of a mistaken rigorous
censorship, and that It will only further
alienate Sympathy from Spain. The
Spaiiish authorities have gone a step
further In their endeavors to stifle the
tically Declares War,
Bloodthirsty Spain Given Formal Notice to Quit
The Congress of America shortly before 3 o'clock this morning
adopted a joint resolution which will make Cuba free and drive Spain
from the "Western Hemisphere.
The resolution is the same as that adopted by the Senate last Sat
urday, with the clause recognizing the Cuban Republic eliminated, but
with a sentence inserted which declares that the people of Cuba "are
and of right ought to be free and independent."
Yesterday and last night marked a history-making epoch in the
legislative branch of this Government.
The House met at 10 o'clock A. M., but immediately adjourned
until 12, at which hour the Senate was to meet.
Immediately on reassembling the Senate joint resolution passed
last Saturday was laid before the body,and read.
Vigorous applause greeted it from the Democratic side.
It was evident, however, that the Republicans did not intend that
the House should concur.
In accordance with a previous agreement with Speaker Reed Mr.
Diugley, the titular Republican leader, after the resolution had been
laid before the House, arose in his seat and said: "I move the House
concur in the Senate resolution with the amendment I hereby offer."
The Diugley announcement was, of course, to strike out the recog
Mr. Bailey arose to make a parliamentary inquiry and wanted to
know if a motion to concur without
was informed from the chair that such a motion would be in order, but
must yield in precedence to the Diugley motion.
Representative Bromwell, of Ohio, Republican, then made a motion
to concur without amendment.
A general discussion, principally out of order, followed. Mr.
Dingley interrupted an epidemic of parliamentary inquiries by moving
the previous question, which was ordered. A yea and nay vote was
Fourteen Republicans voted against Mr. Dingley's motion because
they favored recognition of the present Cuban Republic. Mr. Bou telle
of Maine voted in favor of the Dingley motion, but withdrew his vote
later, saying he was opposed to the entire Senate resolution.
The vote on Mr. Dingley's motion: Yeas, 179; nays, 156.
A motion to reconsider was offered aud laid on the table.
The Republicans who voted with the Democrats to concur were:
Messrs. Bromwell of Ohio, Brown of Ohio, Colson of 'Kentucky,
Cooper of Wisconsin, Dorr of West Virginia, Larimer of Illinois, Loud
of California, Mahany of New York, Mann of Illinois, Sulloway of New
Hampshire, Johnson of Indiaua, Johnson of North Dakota, Warner of
New York, White of Illinois. The Democrats, Silver Republicans and
Populists, with the exceptiou of Howard of Alabama, all voted
against the Dingley motion.
After the House had refused to accept the Senate joint resolution
passed Saturday and had sent it back to the Senate with the recogni
tion clause eliminated, the Senate immediatelj took the matter up.
Mr. Davis made a strong appeal to the Senate to concur iu the
amendments made by the House. His object in this, he stated, was to
expedite matters iu getting relief to the starving Cubans.
Mr. Stewart then began what promised to be a lengthy speech. He
was privately interrupted by Mr. Teller aud requested to yield for a
vote. He did this and the Senate, by a vote of 32 to 46, disagreed with
the House amendment and sent the resolution back to that body.
This motion was defeated by a vote of 172 to 14S.
A motion was then made aud carried unanimously that the Speaker
amendment would be in order. He
Circulation Yesterday, 52,622
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