Newspaper Page Text
N -1 1
Fair weather Sunday; continued high tem
perature; light southerly winds.
The American Loss Approximates
'A GMBI0.US C1AB&I
,Tiie Rough Riders Storm anil
Take San Juan.
SEAKIARD3 FIRE AT WOUNDED
The Firht General Eiisngement of
Hie War a. A'ictory for American
Soldier, "V1io Slaughtered tlie
Enemy and Steadily Advanced
Toward Ills JtroiiKliold Guns
From Cervera's Fleet Inflict
Saboney, July 1, 10 p. m., via Playa del
Esie. July 2. The victory of the Ameri
cans in the fighUng before Santiago to
day was greater than the early reports of
the battle indicated, and the losses are
also much heavier than they -were at flrbt
said to be.
It Is as yet too early to form an esti
mate of the number of killed and wound
ed, bat it is certain that it runs high up
Into the hundreds.
Among those known to have been killed
COL. CHARLES A- WIKOFF, of the Twcnty
APT. MORRISON, of tlw Fifteenth Infantry.
LIBUT. PATTERSON, of the Twcnty-second
PRIVATES SKINNER, ENNONS and SCHO
FIBLD, of ibe Seventy-first New York.
The fciJkwing are also reported killed, but the
report lacks confirmation. It is probably true,
QOL HAMILTON, of the Ninth Cavalry.
CAPT. O'NIELL. of Ro3lt6 Rough Riders.
EBRCT IIALLETT ALSOP BORROWE, of the
Rough Riders, wito was in charge of the dyna
The following arc known to hate been wounded:
CAPT. J. P. KERR, of the Sixth Cavalry.
"boORCE GRAHAM, of New York.
JJ?f G1ZEY, YorAers, of the Tlilrteenth In
The followiRg are aUo reported as having been
wowxial, the report lacking oosiirniaticn:
SHCOND LIEUT. DIEVEAUX.
WILLI AM BELL.
Besides capturing E. Caney and Agua
dores, we have taken, after a terrific
light, the hill of San Juan, which com
mands the barracks at Santiago.
After Grim's battery had silenced the
guns of the first Spanish redoubt, Gen.
"Wheeler's troops advanced up the val
ley, supported by Gen. Kent's troops.
A Glorious Charge.
The most glorious achievement of the
. day was the charge up the hill, COO yards
from the city, by Roosevelt's Rough Ri
ders. The Spanish shells were pouring
down upon them, but they never waver
ed. Men fell on every side, but they
kept steadiiy on until they captured the
Spanish position of San Juan, which de
The Spaniards were strongly Intrench
ed, with heavy artillery back of them
-and an open field "between them and the
Americans, but the Rough Riders and the
First, Second, Thirteenth, Sixteenth and
Twenty-second Infantry drove them out.
The Rough Riders, the Seventy-first
NewTork and the Tenth Cavalry swept
everything before them. They captured
three block houses, all of them defended
by artillery, and did it with a dash that
Fired at Our AVoniided.
The Spanish sharpshooters constantly
fired at litters upon which our wounded
were being conveyed to the rear. Once
during the fight the Seventy-first New
Tork was flanked by the Spaniards. They
beat the enemy off, but suffered in doing
eo, mostly in -wounded.
EI Caney Taken.
"With Gen. Shifter's Army, Near San
tiago, July l. At sunset tonight, after
twelve hours at hard fighting, Gen. Shaf t
er's forces had taken the fortified town
of EI Caney, on the extreme right of the
lino to the northeast of Santiago, and cut
oft and virtually captured Aguadores, on
the extreme left, on the coast, about two
and a half miles east of Monro Castle. In
the center the Spanish forts on San Juan
hill were captured and the Spanish out
posts all along the line driven back upon
the city itself and their outworks taken
by the Americans. In view of the heavy
fire which was sustained throughout the
day the losses are necessarily considera
ble. Although without any complete figures
tO'foase an estimate upon, an official of
the hospital corps gave it as his belief
ttoat the number of casualties on the
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w JTXsi Ji f S jfL??7VrV'l SL'CA Iwr "QT . A5-1 . iC W 1 f-S
"2 s s o . s -a 's S v S xT ; 1
3 - 1
1 ' .iii 11 1 ii 1 1 1 1 111 11 1 1 1 111 m 1 11 1 1 1 n ii, , 1 1 mi 'I'l I
American side would exceed 1,000, but of
this number only a small proportion are
Pando Uns Arrived.
The Cuban guerrillas who followed Gen.
Pando from Mansanillo, harassing him
continually, report that his command of
5,000 Spanish regulars has reached San
tiago. Today's fighting was begun almost si
multaneously by the right and left wings
of Shafter't army before El Caney and
Aguadores the warships co-operating
with Gen. Duffield's bngade at the latter
point and doing most efficient service in
protecting its advance. Duffield's men,
the Thirty-third Michigan and one bat
talion of the Thirty-fourth Michigan,
made a feint on Aguadores by train from
The train stopred when fired upon and
the advance was made thereafter on foot,
after communicating 3y making signals
wiUi Admiral Sampson on the flagship
The ships opened fire on the forts,
which replied hotly, as the land forces
were deployed, the main fire being direct
ed -against Duffield's men. Two well-directed
shells burst among the latter, kill
ing several and wounding about fifteen.
The feint against Aguadores was made
merely for the purpose of occupying the
attention of the garrison there and pre
venting it marching to the relief of the
forces directly in front of Santiago. It
was not the Intention to attempt to carry
the place, but by keeping the Spanish
there while the center of our army was
taking the outer works between Agua
dores and Santiago, the garrison was cut
oft from connection with the latter city.
This strategem has not only isolated
Aguadores, but leaves It at Shatter's
mercy to be taken whenever he wishes,
and to-be used afterward against Morro
and the powerful Estrella battery.
In the assault upon Santiago's out
works our men were not seriously hin
dered by the barbed-wire obstructions
upon which the Spanish seemed to place
such reliance. In each brigade a consid
erable number of men had been provided
with wire cutters and told off to precede
their commands and cut the wire fences.
This was a hazardous task In some
cases under the withering fire of Spanish
Mausers, but undaunted by is perils the
men went at it with a will and succeeded
in doing all that was expected of them.
Smokeless Powder Xeeded.
One of the greatest disadvantages under
which the battle was fought on our side
was the result of the use of black powder,
the smoke from which blinded our men,
enabling the enemy at the same time to
accurately determine the location of the
Americans and direct their volleys ac
cordingly. On the other hand, the Span
lards used smokeless powder. They could
go about their work unhampered, while
no tell-tale cloud betrayed their posi
tion. The health of the troops Is good, but it
threatened by the frequent heavy storms.
Gen. Wheeler is ill and confined to his
tent. His temperature yesterday was 101.
Gen. Shatter's headquarters are now
near the front. He thinks the army Is
well prepared for- battle.
There Is a constant exodus of starving
people from Santiago. They all report
the food supply there as being very short.
WHO THEY ABE.
Records o Some o the Men "Wlio
iNew York. July 2. Col. Charles A.
TVikoff, of the Twenty-second Infantry,
killed, enlisted as a private in Company
H, First Pennsylvania Infantry, In the
war of the rebellion. He rose rapidly,
ana remained In the Army after tire
war. His commission as colonel of the
Twenty-second Infantry dated from Jan
uary 2S. ISS7. For mtritorious services
in the battle of Shiloh he was brevetted
captain April 7, 1SC2, and for bravery at
ChSckamauga and Missionary Ridge was
made a brevet major.
Lieut. Col. John Peterson, of the
Twenty-second Infantry, killed, was a
"medal of honor" man. Congress gave
him the medal "for most distinguished
gallantry in action" at the "Wilderness,
Va., May 5, 1SW, under the heavy fire of
the advancing enemy, in plcJ:f; up and
carrying several hundred yards to a
place of safety a wounded officer of his
regiment who was helpless and would
otherwise have burned In the forests,
while serving as first lieutenant,
Eighteenth United States Infantry.
He was made a major in May, 1S31,
and lieutenant colonel of the First Reg
iment January 1, 1S93. He was trans
ferred to the Twenty-second on Novem
ber 4 last.
Col. John M. Hamilton, of the Eighth
Cavalry, who Is reported killed, but not
certainly known to be, was born In Can
ada. He enlisted in the civil war as a
private in the Thirty-third New York
Infantry. He was brevetted captain
March 13, 1SG5, "for faithful and meri
torious service during the war." He was
brevetted major January 15, 1873.
The dispatches say, not as a fact, but
as a report, that Hallet Alsop Borrowe
was killed. He first achieved national
prominence when J. Coleman Drayton in
vited him from London to Paris to fight a
duel in March, 1S92. Drayton thought
Borrowe was too friendly with Mrs.
Drayton, who was Miss Augusta Astor,
third daughter of Mrs. William Astor.
Borrowe was the son of the late Samuel
Borrowe, at one time vice president of
the Equitable Life Assurance Society.
He was about thirty-five years old, and
was born In New York. Borrowe married
the youngest daughter of Austin Corbin,
the railroad magnate, two years ago.
THE SECOND DAY'S BATTLE. )
Fighting Resumed with the Thermometer Above 100 Degrees.
Pla3'a del Este, July 2. The. fighting"' about Santiago
was resumed early this morning. The heat was terrible, the
thermometer ranging above one hundred degrees.
The result of the fighting is not definitely-known at this
writing. It began very promptly at daybreak. The courier
first in from the front reported that the troops were advancing
on Santiago on all sides and that the Spaniards were stub
bornly retiring still closer toward the city. f
Many wounded soldiers were being- takeui to the rear,
and it seemed evident that the events of the day were to be
attended with considerable loss of life. '.
onQ enlisted in the Rough Riders at San
Francisco only a few weeks ago.
There is no Capt. Morrison in the Fif
In -the Sixteenth was Capt. T. W. Mor
rison, the only officer by that name on
the active lit in the Army Register. He
enlisted ;n the Civil War from Indiana,
and was mustered out a lieutenant col
onel, but entered the Army again. He
was made a captain in 1S9G.
Capt. John P. Kerr, of the Sixth Cav
alry, wounded, received the medal of
honor "for distinguished bravery in com
mand of his troop in action against hos
tile Sioux Indians on the north bank of
the White River near the mouth of Little
Grass, S. D., June I, 1891." His com
mission as a captain dated from Jan
Lieut Conkling, of the Fifth Artillery,
Is reported wounded. The army register
has no officer by that name.
Mason Mitt -11, reported wounded, is a
prominent actor and manager. He was
born in Syracuse thirty-eight years ago.
His father is a prominent lawyer.
July 4tU at Day Rldffc.
Spend the Fourth at this cool, delight
ful place. Trains leave B. & O. depot on
this date for Bay Ridge at 9:30 a. m., 1:30
and 4:30 p. m. 50 cents for the round trip.
Children half fare. Jy2-3t
WASHINGTON, SUNDAY. JULY 3.
SANTIAGO TJE CTJBA AND VICLNTTY.
Their Rifle flnH Covered With a
Samples of the .Mauser cartridges used
by the Span'sh troops were received at
the Navy Department yesterday from
Guantanamo, where the marines under
Lieut. Col. Huntington are stationed.
When the cartridges were examined by
ordnance experts they expressed indigna
nation and astonishment at the character
of the projectile..
The marines believed that the Spaniards
were using exploflve bullets. While the
samples do ntft x:anfirjn this opinion, it- is
undoubtedly true that the "bullets have
a tendency to e5andrjmakjng a jagged
wound of exit, which gave Admiral
Sampson and others the Impression that
the marines killed "had been mutilated.
But the thing that caused indignation
was the discovery" that the Spanish pro
jectiles were inclosed In a brass casing,
which is almost eure to cause blood-poisoning
to the person "wounded. Officers
say the use of the -brass casings are
not countenanced, in warfare by civilized
nations, and it was not believed that the
Spanish had resorted to the practice,
which is considered nothing short of bar
barous, as it frequently results in the
death through poisoning of those only
THE BELIEF SAILS.
A Hohpitul Supply Ship Leave Xew
Vorlc for SfiitlnKO.
New York, July 2. The American hos
pital supply ship relief sailed this morn
ing from this port. She has been fitting
out for the past month. The changes
to make the ship a iloatlng hospital were
practically completed a week ago, and
supplies were then aken on board. The
Relief will tako large-quantities of medi
cal supplies tot the army at Santiago.
Besides a staff of nine surgeons and
twenty nurses, tbe Relief carries a de
tachment" from the Tegular hospital corps.
The Relief Is .expected to be with the
fleet off Santiago ivithln a week.
Subscription!! Amount to Elglit Hun
dred Million Dollar.
Subscriptions to the issue of war bonds
now amount to over $SOO,000,000.
Offers of all sizes "are pouring in from
all sections. Two! for $1,000,000 each were
The books will close July 14.
Ilurcly Renting Eay.
Thomas Hardy, the small boy who was
accidentally shot by Edward Springmann
Friday alNrnoon, Js resting easy at the
Emergency Hospital and is on the road
to a speedy recovery. Springmann was
released on $1,500 bond pending the action
of the grand jury.
Flynn's Bnalnesii College, Stli and K.
$5 Shorthand, typewriting, business. $3.
Playa del Este, July 2. Evening. The official list of the killed and
wounded in yesterday's fight aggregates S0O.
The losses of the Spaniards were enormous. Some idea of their
losses can be gathered from the fact that 150 dead were found in one
It Is rumored that Morro Castle has been taken by our troops, but
the report cannot be confirmed. Fighting has been going on since day
break. The troops are advancing upon Santiago on all sides, slowly but
surely closing in to the end of taking possession of the city.
It is estimated that in the Spanish intrenchments an average of
only twelve Spaniards out of every thirty escaped.
Three hundred of our wounded are now in camp- Many of them
were able to walk In. The steamer Iroquois will start with many of
the wounded for Key West tonight. All df. the tents on the shore are
being used for the wounded and the Red Cross Society has a special hos
pital. At daybreak today the Oregon, New York, Gloucester, Brooklyn,
Masachusetts, and Indiana bombarded Morro Castle. Holes were
punched in the fort and the shells from the warships fell inside the
works. The Spanish, flagstaff was hit, but the fort was not silenced.
At S o'clock this evening when the warships withdrew, the Spanish
gunners gave evidence that their guns were still in commission by fir
ing two parting shots.
Tonight the entire Spanish army has been driven Into the city
proper. The Americans are in full possession of nhe batteries on the
hiHand the city seems to be at their mercy. The guns which were
landed from Admiral Cervera's ships, as well as the heavier guns on
board the vessels, fired shells into theAmerlcan ranks and inflicted great
damage. The loss among the Cubans was proportionately as large as
with the Americans.
TO ABIT MOLINA'S ItLEN.
The Government AVill Send Arms
and SnpplIcM to Cuba.
Lieut. Col. Arnao, chief of the staff of
Gen. Pedro Diaz y Molina, the com
mander of the Cuban army In the prov
ince of Pinar del Rio, is in Washington
conferring with Gen. Miles and officials
of the War Department concerning opera
tions to be begun about Havana.
Col. Arnao sajs that there are nearly
6,000 men under - command of Molina
but they are in need of clothing, arms
and ammunition, their present supply not
being sufficient to conduct a successful
campaign. With these and medicines,
Col. Arnao is certain that the Cuban
army would be able to drive the Span
iards out of the famous Vuelta Abajo to
bacco country, where they are now
located and even force them to retreat
to Havana. The remaining Spaniards are
scattered throughout the province and
could easily be cut off from Havana.
According to Col. Arnao many of the
Spanish soldiers in Pinar del Rio are
already deserting to the Cubans, and as
soon as active operations begin, he be
lieves that half of those remainng will
do the same.
The War Department authorities will
make arrangements at once to send the
necessay supplies to Molina's army
In order that operations against the Span
ish forces may begin.
General Shaffer Corrects His
Secretary Alger this morning received the following cablegram:
"Fear I have greatly underestimated yesterday's casualties. Send first
class thoroughly equipped hospital ship at once. Chief surgeon reports need
of forty more surgeons. Hospital ship should bring boats and launches for
transferring the wounded.
vH"r - H - v - H - H"I"I"I"I"I":"!"I
SHELLS SOB THE FLEET.
Two Hnndred Projectiles on Tlieir
AVay to Sampnoii.
Reading, Pa., July 2 In response to
Tush orders from the War Department,
the Carpenter Steel Works shipped 200
six-inch army shells to Newport News
The Carpenter plant is running day and
night, and is now putting the finishing
touches on over a thousand army and
navy shells, Intended for Sampson's fleet
and fhe army guns before Santiago.
SEVEN" DAYS OVEBDTJE.
Concern Over the Safety of the First
Some concern was manifested at the
War Department yesterday over the fail
ure of tho troop transports of the first
Philippine expedition to reach Manila on
time. The transports were due to reach
there June 25.
The Navy Department has had advices
from Admiral Dewey up to June 27, at
which time the expedition had not ar
rhed. Officers say there is no real cause
for alarm, as a margin of two days does
not cause worry to those who have rela
tives and friends aboard. At the Navy
Department the officials profess to have
It is hinted that the expedition had
some work to do which might delay its
arrival. This is supDosed to refer to in
structions said to have been given the
cruiser Charleston to reduce the Spanish
fortifications on the island of Guahan, in
the Ladrones, in order that the Monterey
and the Monadnock might not meet with
any interference when they put in there
to coal. The expedition Is now about
seven days overdue, counting the time
from its anticipated arrival at Manila.
First Estimate of the Casualties.
- H 4-H-:KHH-H:-
Xot as Competent as a. Subordinate
Berlin, July 2. The Tagblatt, referring
to Gen. Shafter's successes in front of
Santiago, ironically inquires:
"Where ha& Blanco been for the last
Tho Spanish authorities, tho paper con
tinues, have known that Santiago was the
decisive point and had Blanco possessed
the strategic competence of a mere sub
ordinate Pufcsian officer he would have
Circulation Yesterday, 5t)10i
Carlist and Republican Conspir
ators Menace Spain.
A WOULD-BE DICTATOR
Territorial Disintegration May
Bo the Outcome.
GERMANY'S SINISTER CONDUCT
The Power IVhl cli Venture! to Inter
fere AVI tit the Ilonibardruent or
Spanish Toavum AVI11 InIte AVar
Pence NcKotintlonx, It Opened,
AVill Bo Carried on AVIth AVnsh
Insrton Direet General European
London, July 2. The Spanish govern
ment has decided to await the fall of San
tiago before adopting a definite policy in
regard to the war and the internal crisis.
The only point settled respecting the Sa
gasta ministry is to make the support of
tho present dynasty the supreme object.
Its action in everything will be to this
end. Sagasta will resign, will sue for
peace or will prosecute the war according
to whichever course seems best designed
to defeat the plots and counterplots
against the throne.
The conservative leaders are inclined
to co-operate in this policy. They, too, if
they take office alone or in a so-called
national cabinet will use all energy to
defeat the Carlist and republican con
spirators. It can no longer bo denied that,
the dynasty is in serious danger, even
from the point of iew of public opinion.
Disloyalty has been carefully fostered by
insidious means in the past few weeks,
and opposition to the Austrian, regent and
the young king is now outspoken espe
cially in northern Spain, where the Car
lUts have the strongest following. The
personal character of Don Carles serves
to some extent to limit his influence, and
it was openly suggested recently that he
be induced to resign his claims in favor
of his young son.
But the republican following has made
the greatest strides in popularity for the
past week or two. It has taken the form
of a federation movement, which is ex
tremely popular, especially in Catalonia.
It would be by no mean3 surprising it
the revolutionary spirit in Spain led the
country to territorial disintegration
Spain, although not large, is the least ho
mogeneous of any nation in Europe. In
tercommunication is most limited. The
primitive difference between local dialects
is almost equivalent to a difference in
language. There are only two decent
trains a week between the two principal
cities, Madrid and Barcelona. Political
interests are also locally divided so that
the demand for local self-government, if
not full Independence in several provinces,
appeals strongly to the masses. Barce
lona, as recent petitions sent to the gov
ernment demonstrate, is unanimous for
peace. The latest most significant devel
opment is the speech made yesterday by
Senor Robledo, the brilliant free lance
leader In the Cortes, in which he Indi
cates that ho is likely to cast In hla lot
with the federationists.
Campos a, AVoulit-Bc DIctntor.
The government fears this movement
most of all and Is prepared to use the se
verest military measures against it. The
result of such a collision it Is still impos
sible to estimate, for nobody knows what
atUtude the army will take. Martinez
Campos is unpopular, but It is known he
is willins and even desires to assume a
Today's impression from Madrid, ac
cording to various advices, seems to be
that Sagasta will initiate negotiations for
peace as soon as the news of the fall of
Santiago is received, and then, if there
is a popular disturbance, as expected, to
resign in favor of a national cabinet or a
temporary dictatorship under Campos, but
nobody in or out of Spain knows what
will be done, for-uncertaln elements dom
inate tho situation and Sagasta and all
others are unable to estimate their rival
There Is little doubt that the first report
of the proposed dispatch of Commodore
Watson's squadron to bombard the Span
ish coast towns had the effect to check
the peace sentiment in Spain. It aroused
the bull-dog feature of the Spanish char
acter and produced a revival of the ante
bellum talk of a three years war, never
surrender, etc., a talk which entirely dis
appeared nearly a month ago.
Tho latest version of Watson's mission,
namely, to pursue and fight Camara's
squadron wherever it is found, is begin
ning to restore the common sense of the
Spanish public mind. Few In Spain be
lieve Camara will ever go to the Philip
pines or for that matter return to Spain.
The Impression gains ground within and
without Spain that the present idea of the
government Is to prevent If possible the
remaining Spanish ships from falling Into
the hands of the United States even by
terms of peace.
May Seek Central Ports,
A curious circumstance tending to con
firm this view has just come to xny knowl
edge. Camara's squadron includes one or
two converted liners which are not yet
fully paid for by Spain. There are more
such ships In Spanish ports- These had
been Insured in English offices. A Span
ish agent visited the Insurance companius
this week to inquire the terms of a re
newal of the insurance on these vessels
on condition that they lie in neutral ports,
probably in the Mediterranean. My In
formant suggested that perhaps Spain's
Intention was to put all such vessels in
neutral ports with a view to defeating an.
American demand in the peace negotia-