Newspaper Page Text
THE TIMES, WASHINGTON, MONDAY, JULY 4-, 18US.
for the Spaniards. There was no trace
to be made out-of their position by reason
of tholr use of smokeless powder.
"Xhc "War Department has furnished,
the necessary quota of 'smokeless powUer"
for the heavy guns, but they remain in
the rear because of the difficulty of their
transportation from the coast, as they
are off to the far Tight of the line of for
mation. dipt. Cnprou Artllery.
"Capt. Capron's artillery, which had
come through from Baiquiri without rest,
could be hoard banging away at El Caney.
"We had started with a view of getting
where we could observe artillery opera
tions, so we directed our course thither.
We found Capt. Capron blazing away
with four guns, where he .should have ,
had a dozen. He had been shelling El i
Caney at 4 o'clock in the morning. It was
210 w noon and he was stUl firing. He was
aiming to reduce a large stone fort which
stood on a hill above the town and com
"Capt. O'Connoll had laid a wager that
the first shot of some of the four guns
"would hit the fort and he had won the
wager. Since that time dozens of shells
liad struck the fort, but it was not yet
reduced. It had been much weakened,
Iiewever. Through our field glasses our
Infantry could be seen advancing to
"As the cannon at our side would bang
and the shell would swish through the
air with its querulous, vicious, whining
ZMt, we would watch its, explosion, then
turn oar attention to the little black
specie of infantry dodging in and out be
tween, the groups of trees, now disap
pearing wholly from iight in the brush,
again hurrying across the open spaces
over he grass-covered slopes or acrost,
the ptewed fields. The infantry firing
Voiles From tlit- Enemy.
"Our wto were popping away continu
ous!)' as a string of firecrackers pop, and
the Spaniards were finng in volleys when
ever eur men came in sight in the open
""Many times we heard this volley fire
and jsaw numbers of our brave fellows
pitch forward and He still on the turf
white taers liurrird m to the next pro
tecting dump of bushes.
"For hours the Spaniards poured their
fire from the slit of the stone fort where
their deep trenches lay and from the
-windows of the town. For hours our men
anwwored back from the trees and brush
awl gulleys. For hours the cannon at
our stdes banged and shells screaming
through the air fell upon the fort and
'Always our infantry advanced, draw
lag nearer and closing upon the village,
ISM at last They formed under a group of
xuerango trees at the foot of the very
btli on which -the stone fort stood.
"Then with a rush they swept up the
slope aw The stoie fort was ours. Then
jou should have heard the yell that went
up from the knoll on which our battery
eteed. Gunners, drivers, Cubans and cor
reafondHtg swung their hats and gave
"'Our baiterie. stopped firing for fear
tvo should hurt our own men. and dash
ing down the valley the artillery hurried
cros to take up a position near our own
isfantry. who were now firing on El
Ctntey from the block-house and the
street leading into the town.
The Spaniards FJie.
"The artillery had not &ent half a dozen
EboLe from its new position before the
nttttikeuy firing ceased and the Sitaniards.
Imnken into smalt bunches, tied from El
Caney la the direction of Santiago. .Laine
ud Ms sett hurried up to the stone fort
and found that James Creelman, the war
cprretspondeut, who was with the infantry
columns, had been seriously wounded.
"'Cue. jnen -ar-ere still tiring an occasional
shot, and from the block-house and the
isolated trenches from which the Span
iajids could not safely retreat, flags of
trace were waving. Guns and side arms
-were being taken away from such Span
iards as had outlived the pitiless fire
and their dead were being dumped, with
out ceremony, into a trench after the
"When I left the fort to hunt for Creel
man I found him bloody and bandaged,
aying on his back on a blanket on the
gretmd. His first words to me were
that he was afraid he could not write
much of a story, as he was pretty well
dazed, but if I would write for him he
would dictate the best he could. I sat
down among the wounded and Creelman
tokl me his story of the fight. I think it
Is a good one. Here it is:
" 'The extraordinary thing in this fight
of all the fights I have ever soen. is the
enormous amount of ammunition fired.
There was a continuous roar of musketry
from i o'clock this morning until 4 this
afternoon. Chaffee's brigade began the
fight by moving along to the extreme
right of Iudiew, down in the low coun
try to the left of El Caney. Gen. Chaffee's
brigade consisted of the Seventeenth.
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Seventh and Twentieth Infantry and was
without artillery. It occupied the ex
treme right formation and was like two
Miles of an equiiaterial triangle, Lud
low being to the south and Chaffee to the
" 'Ludlow began firing through the
brush and we could see through the tu
mu.t Sn the pjlm tr"es and tangleof brush
that the brown and blue figures of our sol
diers, 4n a line a mile long, were stealing'
from tree to tree, from bush to bush, br
ing as they went up. Here, on the heights,
Gen. Chaffee, facing EI Caney, moved his
troops very early In the morning. The
battte opened 'by Ludlow's artillery firing
on. the fort and knocking several holes In
Dciuulihlitvl tin- Kort.
" The artillery kept up a steady fire on
the fort and town and finally demolished
the former. Several times the Spanlaids
were driven from it, but each time they
returned before the infantry could ap
proach It. Our -artillery nad but four
small guns qnd though they fired with
great accuracy, it was ten hours before
they finally reduced the stone fort on the
hlH, which enabled "our infantry to take
possession. The Twelfth Infantry occu
pied the left of the line, me Seventeenth
the right and the Seventh, made up of
many recruits, occupied itiie center. The
Spanish fired from tlie loopholes of a
storehouse and those on die east side of
the fort in trendies fought like devils.
From all the rldses round about the
scream of shells kept up.
" 'Gen. Chaffee's men were wondering
how ithey were being wounded and for a
time they thsugfct Gen. Ludlow's men' on
the opposite side of the fort were firing
over it. In fact the fire came from the
heavy breastworks on the northwest cor
ner of El Caney. where me principal
Spanish force lay with their hats on sticks
to deceive the enemy and poured in a
Gen. Clinfl"ce a Fighter.
" 'Seventeen of our men had to He down
fiat. Even then they were killed. Chaf
fee dashed about with his hat on the back
of his head Hke a magnificent cowboy,
urging his men op. crying to them to help
their country win a victory.
" 'Smokeless powder made it impossible
to locate the enemy. You wonder where
the fire '"comes from. When you stand
up to see, you get a bullet. AVe finally
, located their trenches and could see an
officer moving about, urging on the
" "The enemy was making a turning
movement to the right and to turn the
left of the Spanisli position It was neces
.sary to get the blockhouses which held
the right of our lines.
"'Chaffee detailed Capt. Clark, when the
artillery had reduced the blockhouse, to
approach and occupy it. Clark and Capt.
Haskett started up. I had been on the
ridge and knew the condition of affairs,
so I volunteered to show them the way.
We got our wire cutters and cut the
wire in front of the trenches. I jump
ed over the strands and got in the trench.
It was a horrible blood-spilling thing an
inferno of agony.
" "if en lay dead, while others, with teeth
gleaming and hands clutched to their
throats, were crawling there alive. I
shouted to them to surrender. They held
their hands up. I ran into the fort and
found thete a Spankh officer and four
men alive. Seven lay dead in one room.
The whole floor ran with blood and the
-walls were splashed with blood.
himnlli FIzikt Captured.
" "Three poor wretches put their hands
together in supplication. One had a white
handkerchief tied on a stick, which he
lifted as he moved toward mc. It was a
perfect hog-pen of butchery. The officer
held his hands up. The others began to
pray and plead. I took the guns from
all and threw them outside the fort. I
called to some of our men to take them
in charge as prisoners. I then got out of
the fort and ran around to the other side,
secured -a Spanish flag and dashed It to
our troop, who cheered lustily.
" 'Just as I turned to speak to Capt.
Haskett I was struck with a bullet from
the trenches on the Spanish side.
'Chaffee's men moved on the breast
works and took them and El Caney was
ours. Banks, a colored sergeant of the
Twelfth Infantry, raised an American
Hag. Chaffee says he was much aston
ished at the number of men lost In the
siege of the town, as it did not contain
more than a thousand Spaniards. Some
twenty-five of theso were killed, fifty
wore wounded and 130 were taken prison
ers. The Twelfth Infantry lost heavily.
Lieut. Churchman, of the Twelfth, was
shot through the breast. In Company C
First Sergt. Miller was killed.' "
INTO THE JAWS OF HELL.
The Splendid Cnnrnec of American
Soldiers Under Fire.
San Juan 1IIII, Overlooking Santiago,
July 2 Afternoon. After two days of the
most terrific fighting, during which more
than S00 of our men were killed and
wounded, the American army is still out
side of Santiago, but is knocking hard
at its gate.
It is only a question of hours when it
must get in. On all sides our batteries
look down on the city and are pouring
an awful fire into the Spanish fortifica
tions which face our men.
Th0 encmy 1Ie In the!r Intrenchments.
struggling for every Inch of ground
The Spanish soldiers are fighting like
devils. Ours are forcing them constantly
back, killing them by hundreds and never
yielding an inch they have gained.
Now and then outside the harbor Ad
miral Sampson's fleet thunders death at
Morro Castle and the adjoining defenses.
The hills and the valleys also re-echo
the roar of the big guns and the rattle
and crash of musketry.
The Morro "is almost In ruins. Its bat
teries are all silenced. The huge Spanish
flag which floated so defiantly from the 1
Morro and which was the only one in )
sigh: from the sea on the south coast,
has been shot away and there are great I
fwmMw v Wm
l f c t i. J
yawning holes in the masonry of the hill
It is not possible at this time to tell
the complete story of the two days' fight
ing. Just a week after the battle near Se
villa, in which the Rough Riders took
part. Gen. Shatter's army was in posi
tion for attacking the Spaniards. Read
ers will understand the situation from
the following description of the surround
ings of the city of Santiago:
Six miles from the sea, at the head of
what is practically a salt water lake, lies
Santiago, surrounded on all sides by high
mountains which rise straight up from
tho water. These mountains stand in
ridges practically running parallel with
the coast. Between the first and second
ridgea Is Santiago. Two miles east of
the entrance of tho harbor Is Aguadorcs,
which Is south of tho city Itself. South
east of Santiago, on the top of a hill, is
San Juan, from which placo this dispatch
is sent. A short distance north ofthe city
Is El Caney.
Santiago Is a walled city and Aguadores,
San Juan and El Caney are Its outposts.
Shatter Favored a SleKro.
Gen. Shafter believed that Santiago
would bo best taken by compelling its
capitulation by siege, but he finally yield
ed to arguments in favor of attacking
tho place. It was decided to make the
attack all along the line, and to never
stop the fighting until Santiago was
On Thursday the Americans had the
city practically surrounded. The plan of
attack comprised a joint assault by the
fleet and army on Aguadores, and a mili
tary attack along El Caney and San
Juan, the fleet diverting the attention of
the enemy by occasionally bombarding.
Three divisions under Gen. Lawton
were sent north to make the attack on
El Caney. Gen. Wheeler's ca-alry. under
Sumner, Gen. Wheeler being ill, had the
center of the line up tho valley, while
Gen. Duffield was at the seaside to fight
in conjunction with the" fleet and the
Michigan volunteers against Aguadores.
The Seventy-first New York, Gen. Law
ton, the Rough Riders and Wheeler's
Massachusetts Volunteers were held In
At 3 o'clock Gen. Lawton was on the
Caney Road around the mountains. Gen
Duffield was at the railroad, with his
troops in .trains, while Gen. Wheeler -went
up the valley to -the hillside ranch El Pa
zo. He planted Grimes's battery of four
pieces there, 2,000 yards from the Santia
go forts. Gen. Lawton's division was led
by Gen. Chaffee's brigade, with Col. Lud
low supporting. Col. illles's brigade sup
ported Gen. Wheeler in the center. Ca
pron's battery was placed on a bluff a
mile and a half from Caney. All was in
readiness at daylight. The Spaniards did
not discover the position of the Americans
until sunrise Capron fired the first gun at
C o'clock and this -opened the battle which
has been raging ever since. -
American Open t he.. FlKht.
Tlie report of the first gun echoed and
re-echoed and then died awayT There was
no reply. Another sno-ftIoweatfnd then
another. Still there was-no reply. It
looked as though the Spaniards would not
fight. The Cubans believed that they
were retreating. A thousand Cubans hur
ried along tho road to Caney ana El Pazo
to "head them off. They -wore just In time
to catch the fleeing Spaniards at the Du
curance estate. There was a hot fight
for a few minutes and the Spaniards then
went .back to Caney taking taelr"wounded
with them. Tho Cubans had nineteen
Meantime Capron's battery continued
firing until it delivered twenty-seven
shots, to which no answer was made.
Tho Spaniards were driven back"i"riTo a
corner and they now fought.TCapron's
battery damaged tho town, not the forti
fications. As the twenty-eighth shot was
being fired there was a whistling near the
battery, followed by thb cxpt6sIori""o"f a
shell from the Riena Mercedes's battery.
Another and another., followed, .but the
Spaniards did poor shooting. Their shells
did not touch the battery, but fell on a
house where some soldiers weref a long
distance away. The three shells wounded
thirteen Cubans and-eighteen Americana.
Tho duel became hot. TJio Americans
fired quicker, now that they had a line
on the forts. Every shot from their bat
tery told, and so"diamatfy"of tho Span
ish shells. Their firing-showedjinuch"lm-provement
in a masterly style. JVftcr.nhour the
firing ceased on both sides.
Grimes's battery at EI 'Pazo had in
the meantime opened, firing across the
gulch from tho hill below San Juan.
There was no reply until the tenth shot.
Then tho Spanish shells burst over the
American line, all of them flying too high
to do any damage to the battery. Tho
First and Tenth regiments and the Rough
Riders wero lying along tho hillside in
tho bushes. The Spaniards were raining
shrapnel on them, but they did not seem
to heed it much, many of them joking as
tho firing went on. None of them was
For half an hour the shells from both
sides whistled and shrieked. The Span
iards on the hill were surrounded by a
cloud of yellow dust that was torn up by
the American shells. Still the enemy
fired, but, as usual, their shells went too
high. In half an hour more the position
became too hot for them. Their firing
gradually became weaker and weaker and
then ceased. The battery was silenced
and there were no Spaniards in sight
Tho Tenth and Rough Riders were order
ed to make a detour and take the hill.
Then began the real fighting. The Span
iards were not in sight, but there were
hundreds of them In concealment. Tho
Rough Riders marched through tho
gulch across to the slope, whereupon the
blockhouse opened fire again. One of
their shells wounded Mason Mitchell,
Trooper Long, and Surgeon Devolre.
At the samo time tho Spanish sharp
shooters began popping away, picking oft
men here and there. Lieut. Col. Roose
velt, mounted, rode at the head of his
troops, with the Tenth Cavalry ranged
alongside. The Riders all dodged behind
bushes and trees to escape the hall of
bullets. The Spanish fire grew hotter and
hotter and our men droppe'd two and
three at a time, q
When they-came to tho open, smooth
hillside therewas no protection. Bullets
were raininglown on them and shot and
shell from tve batteries were sweeping
IlooxeVelt Tjendi Ills Men.
There was a -moment's hesitation and
Hhen came thb order: "Forward, charge."
Lieut. Col. Roosevelt led, waving his
sword. i f
Death -to every' man seemed certain. The
crackle of thp Mauser rifles was continu
ous. Out of the brush came the riders.
Up, up thoy wet t pvith the colored troops
alongside of them, not a man flinching,
firing us they ran. Roosevelt was a hun
dred feet in tho -lead. Up, up they went
-in the face of death, men dropping from
the ranks at every step. The Rough Rid
ers acted like veterans. It was an inspir
ing sight and an awful one.
Astonished by the madness of the rush
the Spaniards exposed themselves. This
was a fatal mistake for them. The Tenth
Cavalry picked them oft like ducks and
rushed on, up and up. The more Span
iards were killed, more seemed to take
their places. The rain or snells and bul
lets doubled. Men dropped faster and
faster, but others took their places.
Roosevelt sat erect on his horse, holding
his sword high and shouting for his men
to follow him. Fine Ally, his horse, was
shot from under him, but he landed on his
feet and continued calling for his men to
advance. He charged up tho hill afoot
It seemed an age .to the men who were
waiting and to tho Rough itiders the hills
must have seemed miles high. Rut they
were undaunted; they went on, firing as
fast as their guns would work. The shoot
ing of the Tenth Cavalry was wonderful.
Their ranks closed as fast as they were
thinned. " "
At last the top of the hill was reached.
The Spaniards In the trenches could still
have annihilated the Americans, but the
Yankee dazed therri They -wavered for
in Instant, and then turned and ran. As
they ran our meny-coolly picked them
off. The position -was won and the
Some of the gunfe wero- captured, but
not all of them. The men across the
igulch cheered wildly as they saw their
comrades' victory. -The Riders cheered
tho Tenth, and the latter cheered the
Riders. Then on they went to drive the
Spaniards farther They found the
trenches full of dead, but none alive. In
the rush morejklianl half the Riders were
wounded. s. -
Though theyhaSftbe hill, the position
was still perilous, ,on account of the
sharpshooters. 3; ''r
A Stubborn Hcsintance.
While this was EOlng on Gen. Lawton
was advancinglrapldly on El Caney. Tho
Spaniards had prepared for attack,
though they hAdvrUn-away when it be
gan. There -were Frenches everywhere.
Gen. Lawton alvaned, but was met by
a hot rifle fire?. Irtfm the enemy's in
trenchments. Chaffee's Seventh, Seven
teenth and Twelfth Infantry still had no
4th of July, 1898
No Office Hours
I4IJ Pa. Avs.
Ad. Willard's Hotel,
artillery. On the extreme right our men
spread out, getting the protection of the
trees and bushes and firing every time
they saw a Spanish head. They were al
ways advancing upon the outside line of
tho trenches.. The retreat of the Span
iards prevented a flank movement. Ca
pron's artillery now resumed Its firing.
Its target being a stone fort in the town.
Every shot went through it, but the guns
were not big enough to do the necessary
damage. Thoy, however, made It so hot
for the enemy that he had to retire sev
eral times. It always got back, though,
before our infantry reached the outside
of the town. The force was then split,
going in two directions at the same time.
Fighting before reaching the town was
nothing compared with their reception in
the town. They were fired on from all
sides by tho enemy, who were concealed
everywhere. The trenches in view were
filled with men, whose hats were visible.
The Americans shot the hats to pieces
but kHled none of the Spaniards, who ahd
resorted to the old trick of placing their
hats on -sticks for our men to shoot at.
The btoastworks In the northesast corner
of the town did most damage. The posi
tion was not discovered for a long time.
It fired a hot, almost resistless fire upon
our men. The Americans laid down to
avoid It. The Spaniards had the range,
however, and killed and wounded many of
our men as they lay. The officers suf
Gen. Chaffee dashed here and there, giv
ing orders and calling on his men to fight
for their lives and to help their country
win a victory.
The battery was at last discovered, and
that was the end of it. Every Spaniard
who showed himself was picked off.
Thev wero seen from the hill three miles
away, and the cheers from there could
be heard by the victorious troops. There
was one blockhouse let. Capt. Clark
was detailed by Gen. Chaffee to take
it with one company. He advanced under
an awful fire up and over tho Intrench
ments, and tho battle was won. The
Spaniards retreated In disorder. Every
street leading out of the town was filled
with the fleeing enemy. One hundred
and twenty-five of them were captured.
Tho Seventy-first New York, which had
been following Gen. Lawton toward El
Caney, found the road taken by the
Twenty-fourth Regiment, who were using
it as -a firing line.
A Hain of Shot and Shell.
The Seventy-first turned off and Joined
the Sixth and Sixteenth regiments, the
first division of the Fifth Army Corps.
Col. Kent, of the Sixteenth Regiment,
had a company of the Seventy-first's
stragglers put out as pickets along the
road guarded by Cpt. Rafferty, of Com
pany F, Seventy-first Regiment, who dis
tinguished himself in the fighting. A
Spanish blockhouse on a hill a mile away
was giving trouble. The Sixth Regiment
was sent ahead as skirmishers. The Sixth
Regiment advanced on the left and
the Seventy-first on the right to
support the Sixteenth. Capt. Raf
ferty's company held the right of the
line of skirmishers. Half a mile of the
hill was wooded, which afforded protec
tion to our men. but the last half a mile
was open, level land, where there was
not the slightest chance to escape from
the fire of the enemy.
The skirmishers were half way across
the open space, and it looked as though
the capture of the-blockhouso would be
easy, when, without any warning, the
whole hillside rained shot and shell up
on the advancing line. The Spaniards
had waited until there was no chance for
our men to get back under cover before
opening fire on them. The Seventy-first
dashed out into the open, facing the fire
of shrapnel thatburst In their ranks,
tearing holes four men deep, while Maus
er bullets kept dropping the men. The
boys never wavered. Thoy closed their
ranks as they were torn open. They
marched In tho sweeping, deadly fire to
the aid of the Sixteenth Regiment.
The officers ran along the line, calling
upon their men to keep cool and to move
forward. They were in the most exposed
position. Before they were half way
across tho field the Seventy-first had lost
over seventy men killed and wounded.
Tho fire grew? more awful every minute.
The enemy were behind breastworks and
out of sight. Into tho face of this fire
our men went. They broko into a run
and headed straight into it.
A Brilliant Bnyonet Charpre.
- Tho Sixth Regiment came out after
thejjevnty-flrst jn face of the same
fire. Their ranks were cut to pieces, but
there was no flinching. Right into the
teeth of it, on across the open, cheering
as theyiran, the whole body dashed up
the hill, the Spaniards still pouring their
deadly fire into them.
Half way up tha hill out' men caught
sight of the enemy, and for the first time
returned their fire at close range, with
deadly- effect. -Capt. Rafferty's company
was then leading. They dashed up the
hill to its crest and charged on the
trenches, driving the Spaniards out at
the p'olnt of the' bayonet and shooting
them as they fled.
TDey captured tho
blockhouse, and. before
through thehill jyas covered with dead
The pits were also full of. dead and
wounded. Three Spaniards were captuTeS.
After the Americans had emptied the
pits they occupied them themselves.
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Nearly every one of Capt. Rafferty's men
was wounded, but they refused to lea"e.
They held their pit for an hour until the
sharpshooters and artillery on tho next
hill made it too hot for them. Capt. Raf
ferty saw that he oould not gain any
thing by holding onto the captured posi
tion, so he withdrew- his men over the
crest and half way down tne hill out. at
range of the Spaniards.
With re-enforcements from nls own reg
iment he made a move to the left flank,
his men crawling on their bellies until
they got into position to concentrate their
fire on the Spaniards on the other hill.
Thoy soon drove the enemy into their
trenches and held thi3 position for three
quarters of an hour while the Seventy
first, Sixteenth and Sixth Regiments
moved around to the right and in the face
of another blinding fire, charged the sec
ond hill, dislodging the Spaniards, driving
them out of their trenches and capturing
some prisoners and a stand of colors.
The Spaniards who were driven off re
formed in other trenches, and the battle
went on for hours. The Spaniards tried
to recapture their position, but were
driven off again and again, with heavy
losses. The Americans pressed on. fight
ing, and drove them out of their
trenches, the enemy leaving their dead
and wounded behind them.
It was at this point that the. Spaniards
showed themselves incapabla of carrying
on civilized warfare, and acted in a way
which many thought called for reprisals.
They deliberately fired on our wounded
as they were being taken from the field,
but, fortunately, despite their evil inten
tions, they did little harm.
At the latest reports the steady ad
vance of the Americans had carried them
to within half a mile of Santiago. In
the whole day's fighting Col. W. A,
Downs, of the Seventy-first Regiment;
AdjL A, H. Pell, of the Second Battalion,
and Adjt. H. B. FIbher were conspicuous
for their bravery.
A FlKhtlnK Parson.
Chaplain Vandewater was In the field.
He was always In the thickest of the
fight, encouraging the men and helping
to dress wounds. He won the hearty ad
miration of his own men and also that
of the regulars. On every hilltop around !
Santiago was a blockhouse and lntrench
ments. There were probably twenty all
told. The San Juan River runs at the
foot of the San Juan hill on the far side
from the city. There was a blockhouse
on its bank. The Ninth Cavalry was sent
to capture it while the Seventy-first Reg
iment was doing Its fighting. Four troops
of the second squadron under Capt. Dum
mlck took up a position at the left of the
advance. The First Rrigade of the caval
ry division moved around in sight of a
series of blockhouses that dotted the
country as they did at Gu'ahtanamo. In
tho jungle and brush the' men got sep
arated and could not see each other. They
made their way up by circuitous routes,
eight miles all told, beating the brush as
they went. All met on the ridge of the
Second Brigade and now for the first
time the enemy discovered them and com
menced firing, first with ritles and then
with Gatllng guns. Our troops at once
responded. They adopted Indian tactics
and sought shelter as much as possible
in dodging from tree to tree, but always
advancing. The volley firing was not ef
fective. A lot of our men saw the Span
iards moving from work to work and
from brush to brush.
WAR AND BUSINESS.
General Prosperity Throughout the
New York, July 2. Now that the war
has so far advanced, tho business men of
tho country have had an opportunity to
find out where they stand, and are In a
position to describe the general condi
tions of trade, as well as to make an
intelligent forecast of the future, so far
as human fallibility will permit. The re
sult of Inquiries in this city as to busi
ness here and throughout the country is
decidedly gratifying. Instead of bad
business, poor and slow collections of
debts, and a generally discouraging out
look, which are so often the outcome of
a stafe of war, the reports from all parts
of the United States show healthy trade,
good collections, and excellent prospects
for the fall.
In the dry goods district the opinions
expressed by representatives of leuding
houses were practically unanimous in re
gard to the favorable condition of affairs.
At the store of the H. B. Claflin Com
pany, John C. Eamcs, the outside man
ager, said that the prospect for good bus
iness, including wholesale and retail trade
have our best attention. We Imo spe
cial machinery for handling lar-;? pieees,
nnd guarantee our patrons penect satis
faction. Same applies to Summer rtlink
ets and other bed coverings'. 'Phone 1557
and we call promptly.
Cor- 6th and C Sts. N. '.
1216 F St. N. W. I
SLEEP COOL AND BE HEALTHY You
heat your homes in Winter. I cool all
structures In Summer by the Abbott pro
cess; the greatest apparatus discovered;
costs but little to manufacture; within
reach of all. Territorial rights for sale;
a chance for wide-awake business men.
Further Information see or address the
Inventor, Dr. H. W. V.BBOTT. 209 New
Jersey Avenue northwest. Washington.
D. C. Hours. 2 to 5 p. m. jy2-3t
Wash. Safe Deposit Co.,
J Safe D-jaj.!
fi 0al7 to holism
., 916-918 N.W
12.00 per month.
SPECIAL NOTICE. We will sell you life
Insurance and guarantee the premiums
to be less every year. The policies will
contain guarantees for their sate for
cash, or their pledge for loans, after
two (2) years. We will negotiate a lim
ited amount of insurance, up to $WXW.
on impaired lives. HADDAWAY & DOU
GLAS. 516 Fourteenth Street northwest.
nEIIRENS Suddenly, on Saturday. Julr 2.
1SSH. at 10 30 o'clock. ALBERT J. BEIIREN3.
Funeral from late residence. Xo. 7W 1 Street
northwest, 10 a. m. July 1. Immediate fnenda
MILLER The Lesion of Loyal Women call at
tention, to the death of one of their sister. Hits.
MARY M. MILLER. The Leon will atst at
the funeral serrice at the church. Thiny-flrst
and N btreets northwest, at 16 a. rn., Momiiy,
July i. Members wilt meet at the church at
9-45 a. m. it
332 ra. Atc. X. "W.
Flrt-cln Service. 'Phone. ISs:
throughout the country, was never better
than for next fall. AH the reports from
all sections of the Union combined to
show this. The export trade of merchan
dise was about double that of the Imports,
and manufacturing ran right along with
tho rest of trade. The collections of the
Clafln Company were particularly good
Effects of the war were felt on business
for a time after the beginning of tho
trouble, especially in April and May, but
they had not been experienced in the
last month. The prospect for foreign
trade could scarcely be better than at
present, though the effects of this out
look might not be felt Immediately. Tha
war scare and the "hard times" were
over, and the whole country was prosper
ous. Just now was the dullest time of
the year, and the whole month of July
would be dull, as usual, but fall business
was expected to begin rather earlier than
customary, about the 1st of August.
William F. King, of Calhoun. Robbin3
& Co.. who is the president of the Mer
chants' Association, said: "The business
of the country is healthy. Merchants are
buying conservatively and often, keep
ing stocks well sorted. Collections are
good, the losses being very few. The re
ports from ail sections are encouraging
lor a good, healthy fall business. The
effects of the war have been felt more
on the Atlantic Coast than in the in
terior, where merchants are satisfied to
let the government run the war busi
ness, while they pay attention to their
own. I come in contact with merchants
in all lines, and they are all much en
couraged by the business outlook. Every
thing Is bright, and but for the war thre
would be a boom. The Government has
not only been a large buyer of hosiery,
groceries, etc, but has been a prompt
payer, showing mat it has no ktek of
money. A wholesale grocer told me tha
other day that he had sojd the Govern
ment &O.0TO worth of supplies, and that
he received his check for the amount in
Tok an Ovcrt1oc of Morphine.
St. Louis. July 2 Seymour Lipxe. rice presi
dent of the Rosenthal Millinery Corapwny. died
at the I.indell Hotel ytcnla from an oretrittie
of morphine. He took the drug to allay nutalgic
pains in the head
A Teian Railroad Deal. '
Austin, Texas. July 2. A deed was flld with
the secretary of state conejmg the Waco and
Northwestern Radroad to tlie Houston and Teioj
Central Railroad, the consideration being 51,
250,000. Hurrah for
Closed All Day Today
We'll show our patriotism by giving
our clerks a whole holiday today so
that they may commemorate the great
and glorious day in befitting style.
In this Evening's Times we will an
nounce some very great bargains that
we have arranged for the week- Watch
for our ad. It's worth while.
Mayer & Pettit,
415-417 Seventh St
"Cash or CreHit."
For Kidney and Liver Troubls.
B II- aar ' "foiftiiN &. .intifa fVlBM iiftr ii