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The times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, January 28, 1900, Second Part, Image 20

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Tlir Knrlj IHMory f tlic nij
A little less than two jears ago there
appeared a History of the United Slates
Navy by Edgar Stanton Maclay which
attracted much attention Mr Maclay
now follows up this success with a His
tory of American rrhalccrs a less
bulky hut not less Interesting -work
which in a measure supplements the first
As ho explains In his preface the early
history of our navy waB so Intimately
connected with the achievements of our
prhatccrs that a full record of the latter
Is necessary for a complete history of the
former
The preface which Is quite long and
ery Interesting gives a complete idea of
the scope and purpose of the book Mr
Maclay believes that the Importance of
naval operations In the war for Indepen
dence and the war of 1S12 has hardly been
fully recognized and It Is his Intention to
make as complete a record as possible of
the doings of the navy In order that fu
ture historians may take these Into ac
count and the general public be Informed
on all important points A paragraph
from his introduction gives a fairly good
Idea of the way In which the achlevc
inents of land forces have been magnified
to the exclusion of work done on the sea
lrry reader of American history is familiar
with the rapture of Stony Point and it llntilt
garrison of flic hundred and fort there men of
Ticondcroga with its garrison cf fifty men o
the battle of Trrnton with nearly one thousand
jirisorers Hut It is doubtful If roanv hue heard
of the capture of rbree hundred lrlti i soldiers
with their colonel in two transports br the little
Plate cruiser Lee of the two hundred Highlanders
and twenty army officers of the Scventi tin t lire
ment be our Andrea Poria of twentj four Ilritisli
army officers bj Capr John Burroughs Hopkins
squadron of the two hundred and forty Hesdans
captured by the prhatccr liars cf the company
f dragoona taken by the privateer Masachucctt6
if the tixty three Hessian chasseurs mad- pris
oner by the privateer Tyrannicide of the cap
ture ot a colonel four lieutenant colonels and
1hrec majors bj the privateer Vengeance and of
eriTiar to the mount mur -Ins ere il of
iron is JrV the l t amoollibi re 1 cer fired in
m life
V few minutes after this another Huck rount
marine who w equally iimorant of nautical
etiquette witli the familiarity of a backwood
man called out to flamci ar cap do 3011 fee
that fellow with the while liat and flriPtr as lie
spoke Captain Harney lotted in the direction in
dilated and aw a man with a while hat on the
rncmj decL jump at lcat tiirec fert and fall
to rive 110 more Cap again callctl out the
Tiiarlsman thats the third fellow Vc made
hop Aftf r rhc battle was mer the mcncans
found that ciery one of tic lnclMimrn who hail
been killed or wnundeil In small arm had been
struck either in the head or breast
Captain Boyle a noted prltatccrsman
showed supreme audacity In one particu
lar expedition and audacity was charac
teristic of the privateer in general It
had been the custom of British admirals
on the American stations to Issue iiaper
blockades declaring the entire coast of
the United States to be blockaded Cap
tain Bojle while wandering erratically
about the English Channel In search of
1 prey took it into his head to snd to Lon
don a burlesque proclamation to be post
ed in Lloyds Coffee House stating that
the Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ire
land were hereby declared by virtue of his
power and authority to be in a state of
strict and rigorous Wockade It Is doubt
ful whether the British nation appreciat
ed this piece of American humor but it is
certain that Captain Bojle bothered the
steady going English merchants a great
deal in the course of maintaining his
blockade It was he with his Chas
seur who encountered the English vessel
St Lawrence In the West Indies near the
close of the war of 1S12 The British
preserved the appearance ot a
merchantman till the American ship was
within pistol shot of her when she un
covered her guns and her men swarmed
up on the decks
It looked as if the Yankee was trapped
at last and there was certainly nothing
for him to do hut surrender or fight It
did not take him a minute to decide The
action lasted firtcen minutes and at the
end of it the Chasseur had another vic
tory to her account It Is Interesting to
note that this plucky and daring captain
the capture of one hundred soldiers by ho seems to have been both an officer and a
lirivatcer Warren We all know that Washine -
ton took about one thousand men at Trenton that
made some eight thousand prl oners at
f aratoga and that the Americans and French se
cured about seven thousand st Vnrktotrn but It
Is not so generally known that in the same period
fully sixteen thousand prisoners were made ly
our sea forces WTiils fewer than 611 thousand
prisoners were taken by our land forces in the
war of 3S1Z follj thirty thousand were taken by
cur sea forces
There figures are instructive and tCill
probably surprire the average reader cau
eldcrably The leason for this curious dis
position to Ignore the of the navy
and magnify the lmportarce ot the army
may He in the fact that to a great extent
the land forces were composed of volun
teers who afterward returned to private
life and that their friends nrd chijna
kept alive the memory of their dtcls be
cause these were a part of the history of
the region in which they happened In
addition to this the surrender of land
forces was witnessed by a consldeiable
part of the population while the scarcity
ot newspapers gave the people no such
general information of vItories at sea
and those who took part In sea figbs were
largely trained ccauicn who spent littc of
their time on shore and hence contributed
comparatively little to the unwritten his
tory ot their countrj Hence the historian
often not too scrupulous or careful in the
collection of material gare rooH space in
tils works to the things in which there was
most general Interest But If wc arc to
have an accurate and trustworthy hlsto y
of this country It is necessary that later
chronicles should remedy this defect and
that Is evidently what Mr Maclay means
1o 00
After this explanation the historian gacs
on to give some extracts from British news
papers and documents of the period show
ing that England attached far more Im
portance to our sea forces than to those
on land In September lSll a meeting of
merchants shipowners and others inter
ested in maritime trade was held in Glas
gow and others in Liverpool and other
important trade centres for the purpose ot
protesting the war with America
At a meeting of this sort In Glasgow it
was resolved unanimously
I gentleman for the captured officer ot the
bL Lawrence testified to his courteous and
kindly treatment of them while prisoners
Altogether Mr Maclay has made a most
fascinating book out of these old sea sto
ries and one which fully sustains his
reputation as a story teller and historian
The book should be made accessible to
every boy old enough to be Interested in
the history of his country and most of the
girls will also find it interesting though
it Is not written for Juvenile readers It
ought to be In all public libraries and In
those nf private individuals who wish to
collect records of the life of this nation
New York D Appleton S Co J2J0
A Itiiiiiniit r f I lie Jeriey Const
The Light of Scarthey is a new
romance by Egerton Castle author of The
Pride of Jennico which was one of the
roost ropujar books of a recent season It
is a story with a charm of Its own and the
author frankly confesses that it is his p t
work Tills is whaVhc says of It in the
preface to the AiflJKaii edition
Among the works of rcr writer of fitticn
th re ere generally one r two that one tlmr
being to some haumimr fliour t lng communed
with a thought which has at la t found a luinr
sliarie in some story of deel and iaiun
1 say one or two sdri eulr for the span of
mans active life it short ana srceli haunting 1 n
cies ate of their essence sohtarv A a matter
of fact ind cd the majority of a novelets ma
lions belong to another claw must of necessity
If he be a prolific writer ilnd tlicir conceptitn
in more sudden Impulses The great family cf
the I ildren of bis biaiu must lc Iwrn of in
spirations ever new and in alluring freshness io
forth into the worid surrounded by the atmes
phere of their authors present mood dcelcd In
the colors of bis latest imagining- strengthened
by bis latest pMici a unprassionj and philo
sophical conclusions
In the Utter catevorr the laolc of lonr Intimate
acquaintance between tne autliar and the friends
cr foes be depicts is amply cornpensstd for by
the enthusiasm appeitairlmr to neve diseivenef
as raeli character meals flilf often in eruttc
iinforseen manner and the consequences of each
event shape themselves inevitably and scmitinvs
indeed almost againH his will
Although dfrfeiiullar in their genesis both kinds
of stories can in the telhrg be c quallj life
like and eeruallt ide Kinc to the reader Hut
what of Hie writerf Among bis hterarj family
Tiiat Hit number of privateers with which our I lc aot J I u lun all the rest
tlannels have been infested the audacity with liam chndf It may be the stoutest t the
which tliej luve approached our coarts and the I r T l K weakling It maj be the
success with whub their has been at- 1 J 0t the Benjamin lathers in the
tended have proved inluno js to our commerce rh -v h WT5 tenderness Many chid
lranibbng to our pride and discreditable to the fcl W Jv brooded over with a special
eilreclors of the naval power of the UritUh nation I IoT even before il birth Ixived thus for no
whose flae till ot late waied ocr every sea and 5 a mwit l mB toU bk ls aT dresm
triuxnpbed over cver tiiab That there is reason child
to believe that in the short rpaee of less thin jrr cajtjc men goes on to tell something
cwTiX 1 ZZZl books inception and writing
strength wc have hitherto aetd in
contempt
This Is rather strong language and
prove conclusively that Englands rtde
was much disturbed by the operation of
the little American navy Mr Maclay alo
claims that the admiralty of England
modified their management by adopting to
Kome extent Araerlan ideas that we in
troduced the twenty four pound gun in our
frigates and tlia in IMS sow Vf the
most famous British line of baKleshlp
tome of which were nder Nelsons orders
were cut down as frigates to cope with our
Constitution Presldcrt and United States
Jdltorials quoted from the lejndon Tirneyi
and other leading nngiisb papers prove
thai the American ravy was no mean an
tagonist and was In fact rather more
thtx rqutd to lis task Mr Maclay says
in conclusion that his work has necessa
rily been the more difficult from the fact
lhat no complete official record of the
American privateers and their doings has
ever been kept so that he is compelled to
rely upon scattered nnd more or less im
perfect chronicles The book Itself is in
two parti one dealing with the Revolution
the other with tbc war of Hi
The priv Ateersman certainly led a far
more eventful and picturesque life than the
iwcrage man ven In UiO o
haphazard times A great yart of the book
Is taken up with stories of pure adventure
ot the most desperate sort The crews of
these vessels were of a most mixed sort
the chance of rpoils leading many men of
good birth and some education to enter the
service Thetc men were not expected to
do the work or ordinary sailors but were
taken on board simply for fighting pur
poses Some of the marines thus ic
crulled were backwoodsmen utterly Ignor
ant of nautical discipline or etiquette and
the mixture or nationalities classes tradi
tions and characters was as quaint a one
as could wrll he Imagined In the course
of his narrative Mr Maclay tells a rather
timuslng story of the Hdcr Ally a ship
fitted out at the expense of the State of
Pennsylvania and under the command of
lJcutcnant Joshua Carney of the navy an
adventurous tout who had already been
through some hair raising experiences
complement of 110 men was shipped and
the vessel eallcd as convoy to some mer
chantmen getting as far as Cape May
llosds where It was met by a blockading
force In the course of ibe fight a cbar
cttcrhtic incident occurred
Vlany ef the marines In lljder Atly were
thoroughbred backwoodsmen to wliom tlie ue
ot firearms was as natural as walking One of
these men a Hack iunt rifleman particularly
attracted the attention ot Captain a
the hottest of he fight nbm Uiih rides were
inaalna tvery exertion to icain the viefory this
lna several times asked his commander Who
mads tliU gun Im using Such 1 remlnly
useless question In the heat of battle as might be
apectea drew a rough answer from the eaptaln
Itut Barnes knew the man lutd never been on a ship
before and that fact prrvented severe treatment
for his breach ot marine etiquette The man how
ever was not Idle The coalmss and deliberation
with which he fired showed tiiat he was not in
the least excited and seemed as much pleased as
if be were engaging In some hsrailess pastime
Asking the question for the thiid lime Captain
Barney sharply enquired whj he wanted to know
ViVl lcjiltd the jean witk the drawl
11c evidently fccU that characters In fic
tion are cs real as thoe in history and
every true book lover feels that- He sajs
that in the case of a book which is the
authors dream child the trouble is not
to know what to put In but what to leave
out that there are numberless scenes In
cidents characters connected with the
plot which are as real to him as those
which he has used but which must be left
out In deference to the canons of literary
art The central Idea of this hook Is ccr
tainly original and strong The hero is a
man whs has hsJ but one love in his life
that for a beautiful and splrlteel French
woman one of thoe women who seem
born to draw all hearts to them whether
as lover or friend as courageous and loy
al as she is beautiful affectionate and loy
ala woman in a thousand After being
her comrade not her husband or lover
through a thousand vicissitudes her death
removes her from him forever and he re
turns to his castle Scarthey to live a
lonely man for twenty jears The daugh
ter of this woman reappears to him at the
end of this period brought to his door by
a chance her mothers very Image That
Is the situation the problem ot the novel
ist Is What rill be the result of tie meet
ing
He has placed bis characters in the ro
mantic and picturesque retting of the Jer
sey coast during the first years of the pres
ent centurj he bos woven Into the talc in
cidents and characters commonplace in
that time of stress and turmoil he has
made his local and historical coloring per
fect and then set about the task of evolv
ing his characters according to the laws
of heredity and psjchology Fantastic as
the romance may seem it Is nevertheless
well within the bounds of possibility and
some cf tie chapters are marked by a pow
er ot description and narration which Is
splendidly daring Moreover every char
acter is thorough lifelike though all iro
or less unusual It wvtld be spoiling
tho novelists plot to outline- It In any de
tail suffice it to say tba Mr Castles
dream child among novels Is In no way
unworthy of Its parentage and may easily
prove one of the roost popular books of
the J ear New York Frederick A Stokes
Compan
Siinic Merlr of tlic Itnllimj
Talcs of the Telegraph by Japer
Evvlng Brady Is the latest addition to the
small library of railroad storie s which is
gradually collecting In American lllcra
turc Win the authors of other books of
this clasr Mr Brad has drawn most cf
his material from his personal experience
as telegrapher Iraln despatcher and later
censor of war correspondence All of the
Incidents bear the stamp ot actuality atd
romc of t iem are as stirring as any sen
sation novelist could have conceived
The author begins at the beginning of his
professional career when he was a raw
student Just out of school and omits none
of the mistakes or mortifications of his
youth He does not make himself a hero
In any way though one cannot help seeing
that he must have had more than the
average amount ot American pluck
nelten
THE TDD58 WASHINGTON SUNDAY JANUARY 28 1900
ancc and loyalty fo have figuretl In some of
the adventures recounted His experience
Includes service in most of the Western
and Southwestern Stales railroad work
done during a strike In the midst of an
Indian raid and amid a disturbance
created by cowboys on mischief bent Some
of the incidents are tragic some thrilling
and more are humorous The reader can
not go through this book without 1 keener
sense of the responsibilities and dangers
Incurred by the railroad man and a more
thorough appreciation of thf courag de
termination and resourcefulness ot the
American engaged In this business A3 for
the stjle of the book It Is plain and un
varnished In the extreme with that direct
ness and occasional ruggceiness which mark
the phrasing of some other bonks of its
class The writer Is evidently more Intent
on telling his story than on Inventing
pretty sentences and when he dues use
figures of speech they arc apt to be rullcel
from the school reader or the Fourth of
July orator
One of the most dramatic as well as
most tragic episodes lit the book is In the
chapter called An Old Despatchers Mis
take This tells of the fatal error made
In some mysterious way by an old and
trusted emplove a man of undoubted abili
ty integrity and faithfulness On the dis
covery of the error this man shot him
self rather than endure the disgrace It
Fcems to have been possibly a case of
reaction from a strain too great for hu
man nerves to endure In this chapter oc
curs a curious touch ot the superstitious
characteristic of railroad men as It is of
sailors Men who take large risks In their
elally occupations are apt to have presen
timents and see signs The man whose
error led to this particular railroad vreck
had said that morning that he did not
know what was the matter but he felt
sure that something was going to happen
While in Arizona the hero had a consid
erably exciting experience A band of
Apjches raided the town and the tele
Eraph operator had lust time to dive tin
der the station through a trapdoor whi u
promptly shut and locked him in Mean
while the Indians set the buling on fire
and things soon became ver warm for Uie
caged man He finally broke the trap
door with his rifle and emerged Into the
burning building to find the Indians put
to flight and 13 tho operator to the
east was still calling The south having
gotten out of the office into the open air
reached in through a window grabbed a
set of loose Instruments and telegraphed
a brief account of the situatlcn to the
other office He then made his way lo
what was left of the population as he
expresses It and subsequent proceedings
were as follows
I reco nId ene ot thtm wkei was commonly
known as Kull lmie Cliarbj antl weaklj said
Ilont kheor Charley its the night
operator at the Oepvt
Vcll Where the devil have jou leen all the
lime When the depot was buralrc some of
us went over there but eoud goue omc place
We cnuldt t save antthnic so we let er burn
otir side partner the da man was killed and
scalped
it appeared tiiat jut as tne nsnt was me
hottest three troops of the rnitril Mate Ciored
Cavalry api rared oa the txrne liarfnc leen on
the trail of this same Ivind all day The- made
short work cf the red men who inelcd awaj
to the fa tnres of the Megollons first
fire to the eertt tlie troots in tier r jrsuit
This is a fair sample of the more lively
occurrences In the bosk though Mr Brady
has not committed the mltake of putting
in so many of them that no living man
could have had all those different experi
ences Among the commly chapters is one
containing an account of a wedding per
formed by telegraph and another tells of
an amuIng happening in which the hero
did not appear irtlcularly heroic This
Is its
The flr t 11 cM I at ekiwn In work at wl thirty
and in a tew minutes was ree etnng the worst
rmundins X had ever xi neieel from some
operator in ell csi e wk stjrne d JL There
was no kiek cuiiucjr on the sending it was as
plain as a arge izd potter but It was so
all fired far that it nude tne hustle for all l
was vunli 10 it it down There is no sense in
a fellow Jndirit so fat because nothing is made
bj it and it tires erervonc cotrpletely enit t
dinsrilt a thirty word a minute clip is good
stiff speed for a rrjrt but this uuht thirty fire
or fortv was nearer the mark In every orrator
there is a certain amrrfint of professional jiridc
Inherent that make him refrain from tanking
on report unless it is alobitcly necearv The
sender alwava keei fl a record of the breaks of
each ree elvcr en the line and it they become too
frequent the offender is gently fired On the
night in question 1 didnt break but there were
several times when feiteign drutoht s were com
ing in that I fakeil names in jrrelt shajie It
rs an im1v nit lit ml imI Swwit l Alir
quad flew tiiC track and in a minute JL said
to me
Heres1 ten blacks CL2Y messacei Jut handed
me lo send to vewi and without waitfrg for me
to get lav manifold dip out of the wy he
started I didnt get a chance to nut the time
or date down and was swearinc lighting mad
After tending five of the ten messages JL
slopped a secind snd said
How do I cemef
You come like Ire devil For heavens take
let up a bit I replied
Who do sou think you arc talking tof tame
back to nc
Seemingly patlfBce lad reaied to be a virtu
with me so I replied vmie d 1 ambitious
chump ot a fool whos stuck era making a record
tor hinuclf
That p tiles you Call jour chief operator
over here
The operator signing JL chanced to
be a woman The relish with which the
narrator tells this tale proves that ho can
enjoy a Joke even when It Is on hlmoelf
New York Doubleday McCIuro Com
pany iiy
Minor rictliin
Scounnrels Co by Coulson Kerna
han Is a detective story as one might
suppose from the title There are seven
scoundrels and the Company is the gen
tleman who tells the story The seven
who decrease gradually In number after
the manner of John Browns little Indian
boys In the nursery Jingle are a band of
professional criminals who arc leagued for
the purpose of murder robbery arson
and anything else which can be called
money making A part of their work is
carried on In connection with a society of
anarchists their business being to In
crease the number of subscriptions by
semi occasional spectacular murders on a
large scale For example one of their
plots concerned the blowing up of a capi
talists house during a strike a proceed
ing which it was argued would cause an
inflowing of money from those In sympa
thy with labor agitations The scheme
like some similar plans was frustrated by
Company
This Individual who may be called the
hero of the tale Is an author or at any
rate a writer who by chance overhears
the talk at a meeting of the Council of
seven and discovers their original incthexl
of disguise which is to wear a make up
precisely alike in all cases so that alibis
can be proveel with absolute and bewilder
ing ease Thus when a crime Is commit
ted the real criminal will escape while
his doubles arc drawing tho attention of
the polco to other parts of tho country
This similarity of dlgulscs makes It easy
for the Company to make himself one
of the band after a scuffle In which he Is
forced to kill Number Seven Donning
Sevens uniform he then makes It his
business to karn of future nefarious plots
and prevent their consummation while
waiting for a good chance to betray the
whole band Into the hands of the police
This be succeeds in doing after several
narrow escapes and some catastrophes In
which three members of tho Council arc
killed one after another Tbc tale Is an
luteresllLg one and told in Mr Kerna
hanH usui1 breezy manner Chicago
Herbert S Stone Co 1
The Island Impossible by Harriet
Morgan is n story for children quite new
in type and rather interesting In stjle To
children especially fanciful and dreamy
little ones it will be ven
because so much like their own endless
Imaginative tales Ot course there is
nothing probable in It and very little
character drawing but It is tho essence
of the unexpected and full ot Incident ot a
quaint and peculiar kind Most children
are fond ot imagining themselves as part
ot the stories that they read to fancy
that they themselves are living on light
bouses nursng In hospitals riding cam
els in the deiert or taking part In the
Queens Jubilee and the author of this
wonder story has simply given shape and
voice to such fancies The llttlo company
English peers have lately lent names and
notorietj furnishes material for the plot
iuch aa it I But the main interest lies
In the pictures of pcnplc and the witty
sentences which sparkle like bits of crys
tal on nearl every pase Here are a few
ot them
He really had no cut and dried desire to
plunder his ufighborJ but uerely a wish to get
Ins thare of thU wefilds goods ami my lords
idea of hi share nie a tmieli as he could pos
sible get without being langcd or sent to jail
for it
Ho had given nothing- for nothing all his life
hating Indeed made lnit one present lit the
courc ef hb thirty jears and that was merely
10 Rive hi iletea ed motliera false teeth to his
lanetladj
MUs Italrstifs brother had supported the In
firmary as sectetarv for some time but was
found at length to l ratfcer in the nature of a
filing inline- since he had alcondcd to Xatis
Willi nmst of lh current funds
Gambling Is as completely a disease as a
hundred others which jou visit Km or Ilomburg
to cure only unfeftunately Hie German batta
hate net jet been found which will eradicate it
There was a certain man who was a famous
mischief maker who went about the world nuk
ing quarrels and row everywhere One day he
came to a town where no one ever quarreled
where no one talker slander and every one was
friends with cverjone else The people who knew
him said It is ro good coming here you
cant make any mfcehief here If jou told the
moot outrsgcenis stories night and day alwut us
no one would IrfJievc sou If jou collected nit
resc and even appeared to prove one of us guilty
of a crime Jou wesild only c laughed at Vou
had better not waste your tune here The
mischief maker laughed anil said nothing but in
the rovrnlrir he bought omc honej ami put a
dab of it outside a door
A flv settled on the honey a spider settled en
the fir and eat him a cliameleon fettled on the
spieler and eat him -a cat attacked the chameleon
a dog attatked the cat the owner of the rat at
taeke d the ejeig the owner of the dog attaeked
the owner of the cat then all the town came
out and took sides I forget what happened to
the mWhicf maker himself There is no end to
ft t all chicken The ujiroar in the town when
it once ttf gan went on and on No one can gues
he tnd of that story even now-
These paragraphs taken at random arc
fair examples of the authors style Chi
cago Herbert S Stone Co jl
The Honor of Thieves is a sea story
by Cutcllffe Hyne In which that Interest
ing pirate and hero Captain Kettle re
appears In a new and happy role To be
exact the story Is not strictly marine in
its scope since a good part of the scene
Is laid In London but there Is a distinct
flavor of salt water about It which is not
at all unpleasant
The hero Patrick Onslow Is a daredevil
young Englishman who Is so far as mod
en opportunities will permit a sort of
latter day pirate At Intervals lie turns no
In London society with plenty of money
plenty of gootl stories nnd a close mouth
about his own doings AH that this society
knows of him Is that he was of good fami
ly went through the public schools fell
In love with a girl who treated him
and thereafter became a wanderer on the
face of the earth He is first Introduced
In connection with a whitewashed rascal
named Shelf who has graduated from the
position of pillar of a dissenting church
to that of millionaire and would be baro
net It Is a curious property of some kinds
ot moral whitewash that the blackest
charcoal will almost leave a white mark
on It and beside the sanctimonious
scamplshncss ot this whining capitalist the
straightforward deviltry 01 Onslow snows
to great advantage and will endear the
joung man to the average reader It Is ex
tremely refreshing to find a modern
Pharisee called by his correct name even
if It Is only 11 publican and his partner who
gives him his character
The two then go Into partnership to
steal an enormous quantity of gold which
is to bo shipped on an unseaworthy steam
er owned by Shelf for the ostensible pur
pose of surpljing New Orleans with tho
stsndanl metal This steamer is to be com
manded by Captain Kettle who Is to be
let into the secret and bribed to assist The
steamer when off the Florida coast Is to
be dbablcd the crew scared off and tho
vcsssl with the gold tnred Into n secret
channel which only Onslow knoivs after
which Onslow ami the captain ato to es
cape and tho gold will be removed later
How this schenio Is frustrated and what
becomes of the capitalist who Is mean
while taking desperate business chances
with money not his own that Is the plot
and It may bo added lhat the ending Is
entirely satisfactory Tho narrative kocs
with a rush and the story lover will proba
bly read tho took through at n sitting The
dialogue Is crisp and spicy the characters
arc llfc llke and the description of which
there Is not very much Is vivid as sun
light at sea New York H r Fcnno
The Worlds Mercy the latest work of
Maxwell Grey Is a collection of short sto
ries Instead of a novel as some of tho ad
vance notices have stated It The stories
are mainly tragic the gloom belnc of that
unrelieved Intensity which marked The
Silence of Dean Maltland The first one
which elves Its title to the book Is a tale
of a drunken brute who ceaaea to love his
wife maltreats her causes the death of
hr children and finally drhes her out Into
the snow on a winter night almost unclaii
with her little child In her arms Yti
child seriously ill at the time dies if th
of children who are concerned In the tale exposure and the woman after a long Ill
go to live on an island called The 1 Iand ness Is driven to physical and to a certain
imrs5iDie from which tney make jour-
nevs to any part of tho world and do ex
actly what they please The whedo book
Is very much like the fairyland which most
imaginative children construct for them
selves and like that falrjlaul it docs not
bear cold analysis though thU will make
It none tho less delightful to its joung
readers The illustrations by Kathar
ine 1yle are charming Boston Little
Brown Co
The Bronze Buddha by Cora Linn
Daniels is a scmi thcosophical love story
with a romantic and slightly melodramatic
plot There Is just enough mysticism In It
to pinuc the reader who is Interested In
such subjects and not enough to make it
verj technical or take it out of the realms
of pure fiction The reader who likes
realistic or adventurous stories will proba
bly be slightly out of patience with It be
foro having gone verj far but It is fairly
well told and the interest of the plot Is
well sustained
An artistic blemish is he lack of dcfinltc
ness In character drawing The characters
are hardly Individualized at all and there
is considerably more transcendent beauty
scattered around among them than falls to
the lot of half a dozen people In ordinary
life The story centers around the search
for a bronze statue of the Buddha which
the father of the heroine has continued
through his life and which he makes bis
daughter promise to continue for five years
Before the five jears are over however
the statue Is found and the reason for the
search explained and several other mys
teries cleared up to the satisfaction of all
concerned Boston Little Brown S Co
Letltla Berkeley A M by Josephine
Bontccou SttfTens Is a novel which has a
dccideelly decadent atmosphere about it
though the author is evidently In earnest
and not exploiting her unsavory Idejs for
profits sake A great deal can be forgiven
to a serious purpose but In this taso tfce
writer seems to be on the wrong track
Briefly it Is a situation much like that
of A Lady of Quality transferred to mod
ern times and drprlycd of the sensational
clement There Is a good deal of human
nature in It albeit the portrayal Is some
times rather garish and crude and the
author has undoubtedly some ability at
character drawing If the world In geii
cial did not know better by this time
this book might give the impression that
all Intellectual women are without propsr
moral stamiiia The grain ot truth in the
vhol overdrawn picture Is that It Is dan
gerous to bring up a girl under supervision
so close that she knows nothing of the
world from practical experience though
sh may know a great deal about the lan
guages and sciences New York Frede
rick A Stokes Comi any
loolved to Be liich by E II Cooper
is a story of English provincial life writ
ten with considerable cleverness The
central figure K m youth who Is a horn
monev maker and Ihls character Is brought
out especially In 1 the first few chapters
If there ever were faithful liard wcikins renters j In a ver LUnnlng way One of those
In that country it was thee same duiy bra- J swindling companies which arc only tco
common ever where and to which certain
extent moral ruin The phrase to a cer
tain extent may tie used In this connec
tion because although technically the de
serted wife commits sin she does so only
to save the life of her little ilaughter and
It she had had a ftlr chance at any time
lo support herself honestly she would
navo done so Aflcr her fall Is as com
plete as fate could make It her husband
reappears sobered reformed penitent and
religious and Is confronted with tho re
sults of his behavior of jours ago The
story Is not a very agreeable one and its
manifest moral purpeje seems to be rather
curiously developed since the Innocent
victim Is the one who suffers In every vay
Tho other stories are lesi striking ami
tho book as a whole is not equal to the
authors usual work Xcw York 1 Ap
pleton Co 1
PIMi and Plum Is a slender book
translated from tho German of Wllhelm
Busch author of Max Maurice The
translator Is Charles T Broeiks nnd he
has done his work fairly well quite
so much can be said for the illustrator
and the book as a whole was probably more 1
attractive In German than In English
One cars Imagine the original German
rhymes Illustrated In the matter-of-fact
way of theGernian artist with fat squabby
little figures as being most delightful
Boston Little Brown Co
LITERARY NOTES
D Appleton Co have nearly ready for
publication a new- standard work entitled
The International Geography Seventy
authors havo collaborated in its produc
tion including the leading geographers and
travelers of Europe and America The
work has been planned and edited by Dr
II II Mill who also wrote the chapter
on tbc United Kingdom Among the
authors aro Prof W M Davis tho
United States Dr Frldtjof Nansen
Arctic Itcgions Prof A Klrchhoff Ger
man Empire Mr F C Selous Rhodesia
irofs tie Laprarent and Haveneau
France Sir Clements Markham K It S
Ecuador Bolivia and Peru Sir John
Murray P IL S Antarctic Regions Count
Pfil German Colonies Mr James Bryce
M P the Boer Republics Sir II H
Johnston the late Sir Lambert Playfalr
Sir P J Goldsmld Sir Martin Conway
Sir George S HobcrUon Sir William Mac
Grcgor Sir CharlM Wilson K R 8 the
Hon D W Carnegie Mrs Bishop Dr
A M W Downing F It S Dr J Scott
Keltic nnd Mr G G Chlshoim the editor
of the Times Gazetteer The book Is Il
lustrated by nearly 100 maps and diagrams
which have been specially prepared It Is
designed to present In the compact limits of
a single volume an authoritative conspec
tus ot the science of geography and the
conditions of tho countries at tho end ot
the nlueteenth century
Mr Thomas Hardy has agreed to re one
of the contributors to Mr Clement Short
ens new periodical The Sphere Mr
Shorter by the way proclaims a high am
bition In the matter of illustrations hop
ing to eclipse In that particular all his
contemporaries
G P Putnams Sons announce for pub
lication Oliver Cromwell by Charles
Klrth M A Balllol College Oxford Mr
Firths work has been in preparation for
seven jears He has made himself the
authority on the Croinvvelllan period and
has1 had confided to him tho preparation
for the British Dctlonary of Biography
of nearly all the articles bearing upon this
period of British history
Mrs Ellis Rowan and Miss Alice Louns
berry whose collaboration in A Guide to
the Wild Flowers was so successful have
prepared a companion volume that is to
be published immediately under the title
of A Guide to tho Trees
Mr William Allen White the brilliant
editor of the Emporia Kan Gazetv
Is disKiistcd This is what he has to say
about a recent little Joke of Ills
What stupid people there must be In the East
Three months ago seeing in the announcement of
new books received at ihc hmith Centre Kan
library David Hanun lnteel under H KlphogV
works the Cazette printed this paragraph
Oiiture Ls rapidly piifhioir we twarit The Ua
rette is pleaded to note that the Smith Centre
library announces the new Niole David Harum
by that brilliant young author It Kipling
VVctem reader know thi was Intended for pleas
antry Hut in the East wherp they think
is full of Indians they thought that a Wcrtem
editor didnt know tlut hiphrg didnt write
David Harum So Eastern people begt V writ
ing to hi ctOce correcting the tatemnt and
pointing out the fact that Edward oyes
wrote Darid Harum not Kipling The
Gazettes paragraph was quoted widely in
Kastem paper with great glee by editor who
thought that the joke was on this paper for not
knowing who wrote David Hanun Letter tie
came tiresome so the Gazette answered one
man a librarian in Chicago telling the librarian
that Kipling really did write Darid Ilanim tin
dr an aiHimct name but that the Gazette
thought Kiplings Fourteen Week in Physic
ami his klementarj Trigonometry were vaMly
letter bonk The letter written to the Chicago
man was plainly burlesque mt he could not see
It so he took the letter to the Chicago Iorit
It vsa printed and mur letters and telegams
are coming to this ofbee adeing if Kipling really
ebd write David Harum The Xew orlc
Herald wired today for proof of the a ssertion
The Herald was referred to Ijdia A Pinkliam
or II 11 Warner
Oreat heaserw Cant the exit of the
JIbtiCiiti Hirer sec a joke unles it is labeled
Alexander the Great by Prof Benja
min Me Wheeler President of tho Uni
erslty of California is announced for pub
lication by G 1 Putnams Sons
The Twentieth Century Handy Encyclo
poedla Britannica Is probably the small
est encjclopaedla on the market It is a
book less than six Inches by four con
taining rather more than four hundred
pages of assorteei Information The sub
jects Include hlstorj geography chemistry
nnd other natural sciences and dozens of
other topics on which the avcrago person
Is likely to need Information It Is a
hand little volume nnd contains several
fine portraits and maps Chicago Laird
Lcc Leather I cloth CO cents
Our Native IlinU How to rrptect Them
and Attract Them to Our Homes Is a
slender volume evidently Intended for use
n schools The author I Lange is the
nstructor In nature study in tho public
schools of St Paul and is the author ot a
Handbook of Nature Study This suh
I snA ttlstoK nil If s1 rssn tn
as pets but the habit ot obscvlng them
may easily prove valuablo in afcr
life and will always bj a pleas
ure whether they are studied scl
cntflcally or not The author Is evi
dently thoroughly Interested in tne preser
vation of American birds and fully In
formed as to the best wajs In which this
can Le accomplished Anjonc engagci1 In
teaching science cannot do better than to
buy this little book read It and use It
In tho classroom New York The Mac
mlllan Coturany JL
Iools Iteeels fit
iimieihty ami hum iv rnotKixs nv v
Duncan Mchim M D Ill I Jew lorl
0 I Putnams Son JlM
TUB STARK AS A CtllFn Of Philip C
1 luhcit jr 2cw York C P Putnams
Tim msnircTiov op ascii nt home ny
liodolfo Lanclanl Xcw iork The Macinillan
Company 200
Tim POOR OF PENNY TOY1 By Mabel Dear
mer illustrated Jew York The Macmil
lan Company J200
A KATIONAL By Florence Mar
ryat New York P M Puckles k Co 115
WHOS WHO 1S0O An annual bloirraphlcal dic
tionary London Adam Charles lllack
HENItYKNOX nr NJi Drool Illustrated
fl P Vuinams Sins 160
CIIOWTII OP NvTIONUlTY IV T1IF UNITED
SI TLS Ily John lawonu New York O P
lutnams Son
T11K WHEAT 1ItoniEM Vj Sir William mocks
P It S New York I r rulnam s rons
FIRST pniNnPIES IN POLITICS Hy YHUiam
Samuel Lilly New York O P Putnams
Sons
THE STOIIY OF FCI IPSES ny Cleorsc F num
tiers F It A S New lork i Appleton
Jt Co SO rents
TUB WOItlirs ilKUCY Ily Mam ell Cray Ncs
York I Appleton S Co
CURRENT VERSE
Tlic Grnr Inn v
And at the It jtf cimc to a grInaf
A I -out which all wa t KTaj
Kn to thr rkr tint otiImihi the day
And though in time long Iaprd It mfght hare
ndcckrd with tavern Mud tuusM cow It J rc
hore the fhamMlnc door
KnrinR a crraVy tdjm
tthfrron the ftorm had Uuried each limned line
The portal hunir a crlnffe
HfliVe to fall from off Its one brnUed Inn
nd on the dri ft leaded panes
The iIdrr wove their cecmeltle keins
Hot wcai incM wa Mm h mwt rest
And though he deemed to find no Other guest
No comradeship within
The Ehotttj crajnet of lhat ombr Inn
t as he ciur the lintel he beheld
Jn the packed Rloom
Of the low raftered room
One from whoe ejes the nrntrrles of eld
Shone in 1 tk hitrc wie
And oh the unfathomable etranjjcncM of those
eres
rom loot to drooping plume
Crarffjrmented was he and hi sltll face
Uas like the van 5ea nhen the bunW cloud
chase
Above It tlirous the rinters Iron Aies
One lean hand held a bo of haktn dice
nd In a trice
This jrrim and gray one cried Come throw
with me
Lonjc haie I waited thr
And be latcentrred atnvrrrd Xatnjbt have I
To waja er And the ir ay one made reply
Thou hast thy soul and houMst thou cut and
win
Io all the hoarded treture of thU Innl
They ffrlpnd and cat but era he hw which
iron
The sleeper stirred and woke the dieani was
done
Within hU brcat there throbbed a -tabbing
stlntc
Tiiat ilay for wraith and what its trapping
brinir
He knew his hand would do an evil thin
Clinton K nllard in the Atlantic
A innlen Idyl
With agnt crsfl Arachne worVfd
Her neb and at corner lurked
Awaiting- what should plumphcr oon
To cae It in ths death cocoon
SaificioaIj btr home she hose
For visits that would norcr fIoe
Inside my chalet Dorch I cr feast
Iluckcd all tbc winds but chill Northeast
The finished jfmcturr bar on bar
Had matched from lght to form a star
And struck on tteht when quick with dewv
Like music of the very Mae
flreal artbts pai our ingle ensc
AVe hear in eimr ftrunr to tense
Thn haply manel grown mayhap
To think 5iich beauty uwan a trap
Dut Nature even man
At bct U pMttfcal in plans
Subservient to the -needy thoicM
Howerer rare the weapon wrought
As lonz s nature folds it good
To urge her creature nust for food
Will beauty sUmp the Just intent
Of weapons upon mce tent
For beauty I a llowr of roots
Kmbcddcd lower than our boots
Out ot the primal strata rpring
And fihows lor crown of useful things
Arachnea dream of prey to sire
Aspired w wc could nih dep3e
The puny f pet ks trie breeze rournl
Supplied and let them shake unwound
Afaurcd of her fat fly to come
Perhaps a blue the ptders plum
Who takes the fatal odds In fight
And gives repat an appetite
Jly plunging whizzing till his wings
Arewehlil and in the IisU he swings
A shrouded lump for her to sec
Her banquet In her victory
This matron of the nnnumbercd threads
On day of dandelions heads
DiAtnbutinir their gray prruqis
Fp eTery gut I watched with looks
Discreet leidc tlie tlulet door
An gracefully a light wind bore
Direct upon my webter wall
A monster in the form of ball
The mildest captive ever snared
That neither struggled nor despaired
On half the net invading hung
Ami plain as in her mother tongue
While low the weaver cuwd her hire
Remarked Vou hae me I am yours
Thrlc magnified In phantom shape
Her dream of tize she w agape
Midway the vat round raying beard
A desiccated midge appeared
Whose body pricked Jhe name of meal
Uhree hair had growth in earths urreal
Iroocatlve of dread and wrath
Contempt and horror in one froth
Inextricable inrennble
His poison preence there would dwell
Jeclaring him her dream fulfilled
A catch to compliment the skilled
And the reduced to beaky skin
Ihf gratcful anions kith and kin
Against her corcr humped and Sjed
Arachne wrinkled paL enraged
Ileyond diigust or hope in gulc
Itidiculoitfly olatilP
He rcemed to her hut zpark ot mind
nd that in pallid aH declined
Ileneath the blow by knowledge dealt
Wherein throughout her tome he felt
That he the light winds libertine
Without a cofT without a grin
And mannered like the courtly few
Who merely danced when light winds blew
Impervious to beak and claws
Traditions ruinous Wlutfbeard wa
rf whom as acton in old scene
Had grannam weavers warned their wean
With word that lew than featherweight
He smote the web like bolt of Fate
Thi muled drama hour by hour
1 iratcht d aaid a world in flower
Kre yet Autumnal tr rad had laid
Their gray blue oer the gra blade
And still alonjr the garden rua
The hlindworm stretched him drunL of sun
Arachne crouched unmoved perchanco
Her viiitor performed a dance
Mie puckered thinner he the same
As when on that light wind he came
Next day wa told what deel of night
Were done the web had vanished quite
With it the strange opposing pair
And listless waved on vacant air
For her adieu to hearts content
A solitary filament
- tleorge ilerrdith In Svribnets Maffattiie
Il tin Our of Inu
Under the trses ljr tlic caTe ot Pan
That is the spot I lose
ft litre tlic sunlight flltm the blue dajr long
And Jordan murmurs its crasclesa song
And Hernicr towers above
Imlcr the trert by the caTC of Pan
Oh to loiter and dream
To 1st the heart tmu back to lime
When the rruldciu came vitli their nrratha and
rhjrnc
To the shrine ll the singing stream I
Cndcr the trees by the rase of Pan
Thrall to the olden mirth
Oh jut to lie on the tlijjny soil
And tune a reed with the goat hocf god
To the ljrics of the rartli
Clinton scollard in th Siturday Ereninj Tost
Tit O in nr
Omar Khayyam you re a jolly old Aryan
Half y ran tic atx term barbarian
Not a bit nrntic but utilitarian
Fond of a posy and fond of a dram
vmboht noet and dearned philosopher
eneral mc HaJ Jou a Wlfc an 5ure ou Wfre Ir
a -- l ld niTiwT lie tftA sJttlh rnM of licr
Tir VLpViVhiitT VI J9J J11
n nfi i r Ith n 1
-- - ncad it son umar Aiurtam
of vrnicn tney are capaoie i nrst or ror thc is riniy
cuurfce sue inrua iu uv uctii u uivicij jn j0ur humanity
lo jour uttanity
were out a nam
And the sereritr
Of your austerity
Proves your sincerity
Omar hhayyam
Well I remember nhen flrst oi were heralded
Persian born pory ably t ItreraMed
Impulse said buy you and I to my peril did
Now a ines k slate to your ccniiu -Some
of jour dtrlncj to us may seem hitablc
Though wc admit that the themes ate debatable
Hut your ideas are tliey really translatable
Into our languase Omar hhayjam
In your society
All inebriety
Seems but propriety
Truth but a sham
And the reality
Of your carnality
Courts immortality
Omar Khayyam
Prom the grave depths of yoar massive tran
quillity
Thoughts you predjee knowing well their utility
Thoughts that yci phrac with i fatal facility
Hurl with the toi cell battering rami
But wc care not iouch your message be cynical
Not very crecdal ami inanely rabbinical
c your adorers put jou ou a pinnacle
For that e love you old Omar hhsyjam
Thcugti you re erroneous
Still jou re iurmoniou
And jou rc euphonious
In cpigratu
Oer the censorious
You are victorious
We held you glorfou
Omar Khayyam
Caroljn Well in tlic tcntnrj
John Ssvlft the Itaplt ttrnder
John Switt the rapid reader sat him down to
Sermon eay poem leader -what an awful
Such omnivorous ab orpllon no good end attains
John swilt the rapid teailrr Isnoiant remains
JC41UC Ci lit VH J
NOTES AND QUERIES
ftlwre axe the Thousand Iands7 O S D
On the St Lawrence Rtrer near the out
let of Lake Ontario There arc about ISOO
ot them
Are new prtar tamps to b issued by the
Jreneh ovcrnment at the opening of the Pari
Imposition JKAN
It In announced that there will be thrco
new Issues of the denominations 0 15
and 30 centimes
Can a private In the reiiular army of ths
Lotted States become a commbxioned oBVert
SOLOIE1L
Yes though It Is extremely dimcult for
a private to secure such promotion
What Is the hellographie method of sending
and receiving messages as the Uritbh are now
doing in South Africa W r if
It Is a system of signaling by means ot
flashes ot light reflected from one station
to another by a mirror
To what u has the earth eveavated In dig
ging the Chicago drainage canal been put X
None as yet but a local engineer has
calculated that from the millions ot tens
enough clay can he secured to make bricks
for paving every thoroughfare within
the city limits
Ily what name Is paper made of sheepikln
called 2 What waa the value of the gold out
Jut of California In 13H lltTUliR
You probably have reference to parch
ment of which vellum Is a refined form
2 J13JO300O About one fourth of this was
from placer mines the rest from quartz
deposits
A holds a mortgage against fl for 1000 paya
ble on the 1st day of April woo in lawful
money of the United State Can tt compel A
to take JOTO silver dollara in payment
j r s
lie can Silver dollars are legal tender to
any amount
The present ron bris Leo XIII does that Im
ply that there have been twelve Leos b fore him
If so when did the first one reign 1 Pleae print
t list of the Popes J TV 3
Tiiere hare been beginning with Teter
260 Topes too long a Hat 10 print here
The- cave been thirteen Lco the first
having been chosen la 410
When did the Anclsnt Independent Order of
Foresters originate and what are its tenets
C D N
So far as we know there is no such
organization There it an Ancient Order
of Foresters founded In 1TJ5 and estab
lished In this country In ISC and an Inde
pendent Order of Foresters founded Jn 1S74
Tnen there are the Foresters ot America
with start made in 1861 and reorganization
dating from 1889 All are benefit orders
What Is the process ot mating alcohol and
bourbon whlslyJ I C O
Whisky Is obtained by distilling fer
mented Infusion of grains as rye corn
barley or wheat and bourbon whisky 13
whisky made from a mash in which corn
Is extensively used Alcohol is obtained
from further distillation of whisky
brandy or other spirituous liquors The
distillation of wood produces wood alcohol
The processes are complicated and differ
tn different distilleries
Did Marshal Nev die in this country or wa
he executed In France 2 What country has
the largest standing army Inrhidirg reserves
3 How does Russia compare as a power with
other European nations PERCY
He was shot executed In the garden of
th Luxembourg December 1 1S15 2 Rus
sia the largest army on a peace footing
but on a war footing Germanys forces ex
ec J h rs 3 She Is ranked with Germany
freat Britain and France
Itow is Taiclrllvcr produced F IL
It occurs chiefly as a mercuric sulphide
called cinnabar This Is found In crystals
graliis and In masses This ore Is re
duced to metallic mercury by distilling It
with time or In a current of air Iron too
is sometimes employed to combine wltb and
retain the sulphur When ready to ship
the mercury la held In wrought iroa bot
tles with screw stoppers each bottle con
taining about seventy five pounds Spains
Alamden mines and New
Alamden are the chief sources of supply
I an told that some of tho Armenians ac
knowledge the snpremacy of the Pope Is thU
the ca JOHN V
It Is true In case of the small portion of
the Armenians known as the United or
Homan Catholic Armenians Their organi
zation dates from early In the Fourteenth
century Xot very long ago a split occurred
among the United Armenians of Turkey
because of changes made In the ancient
constitution of their church by the Pope
Eventually many of them were excommuni
cated by the Pope and in 1S72 they entered
Into official communication with the Old
Catholics ot Germany
Which nation produces the best singers 2
What is the number of paper mills In the United
Slates and in Italy Are there any In China
Italy probably 2 A directory gives
1232 in the United States but apparently
a few of these are pulp mills only How
many mills there are In Italy we dont
know The Chinese are credited with dis
covering the art of making paper by the
ui of fibres reduced to a pulp in water
centuries before anything nearer to paper
than papyrus appeared In Europe
What was tte prophecy of Mother Shlptonf
She made a great many It having been
her custom as It is said to begin each
day with one The mvt famous Mother
Shlpton prophecy began
Carriages without horses shall go
And accidents All the world with woe
Around the world thoughts shall Ily
la the twinkling ot eye
The world to an end hall come
In eighteen hundred and eighty one
This lasit prediction was the Invention of
Charles HIndley of Birmingham England
He referred It back to Dame Shlpton but
confessed the fraud eleven years later In
1S73
Are the different provinces of tntralia com
bined in a confederation similar to that of taa
Canadian provinces COLONY
They are not though it scem3 likely
that they soon will be Movements toward
that end began as early as 1352 and slnco
the convention of 18S6 the agitation has
been well nigh continuous At a con
Min in 1S9S a constitution was
drafted It provided for a Governor Gene
ral appointed by the Crown and a Parlia
ment of two houses Xew South Wales
was unwilling to agree to It but last year
It wa endorsed by popular vote
In New South Wales South
Australia Victoria Tasmania Queensland
and Western Australia British New Guin
ea FIJI and New Zealand are likely to
como In later The consent of the British
Parliament In necessary but there Is llttlo
llkelihccd that It will be withheld
Will yo i tell me something of the King who
was kc President under Pierce in 15i2 O 3-
Willlam Rufus King was born in Samson
counts- X C April 7 17S6 He graduated
from tho University ot North Carolina In
1S03 became a lawyer and by 1S1G had
been elected to the legislature of hte native
State and to Congress resigning tho lat
ter office to become Secretary of Legation
at Naples and afterward at St Peters
burgh From 1S10 to IStt he was lulled
Sta es Senator from Alabama and a zeal
ous supporter of Jacksons view and poli
cy Resigning as Senator in IStl he be
came Minister to France the object oT hi3
mission being to prevent France from Join
ing with England In protesting against our
taking Tetai Into the Union Later he was
returned to the Senate and on the ac e
slon of Vice President Fillmore to tho
Presidency he became President ot that
body During his campaign for the VIco
Presidency In 1852 his health failed rap
Idly and on Inauguration day he was In
Cubu By especial act of Congreis he toolc
the oath ot office In Haana He did not
live to perform the dutes of his offices
dying in April 1553

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