Newspaper Page Text
WASimfGHCON, SATURDAY, DEOELBER 29, .1900.
Price One Cent.
Alger Blames 3Iilcs for the "Em
balmed Beef Charges.
The I'x-Sccri-tnrj Handle the I.lcu
tcunnt Gencrnl of the Army AIth
ont GIovoh In 111m Hook fin the
Spnnl-ih- Yncrlcnu War One Chnp
tcr Devoted to tlie rood of tlic
TroiiiiN Tlie AcctiNUtloiiM IlcKnrd
Isk Canneil Mcnt Dcclnroil to Hnvc
Ileen Made Without Ilecnrd for
Truth V 'Wnrin Defence of KiiKun
for III ttnck on 111" Superior Of
fleer Ilntl LnliKuncc Iot Jnnttfleil.
KEW YORK, Dec 28 Russell A Al
ter, President McKlnley's first Secretary
of War, has been writing a book, which
will soon be published under the title
"'The Spanish-American War." The twenty-second
chapter of the book, in which
the food of the army during the war is
discussed, will be printed in the January
number of the "North American Reiew"
This chapter is regarded by those who
know something about General Alger's
work as one of the most interesting of the
book. It deals prlncipi.ll with General
Miles' "embalmed beer' charges, and the
Lieutenant General of the Army is han
dled without gloves.
General Alger says that the commission
to Invcstlg'ite the conduct of the war was
appointed bv the President at the request
of the Secretary of War, and he briefly
reviews the commission's work from Sep
tember 24, lf98, to December 21, of the
me'year. He states that General Miles
appeared before the commission on Decem
ber 21, to make his statements about the
canned beef and the refrigerated beef, and
although every other of the -125 witnesses
who gave testimony before the commission
either affirmed or was sworn, "General
Miles refused to do cither, declaring, in
substance, that he would make his state
ments without being sworn, and was re
sponsible for what he said."
General Alger then contlnuesr
"Although the commission had been sit
ting nearly three months, the charges
Tilth respect to canned and refrigerated
beef were now made for the first time.
and, stranger and more inexcusable and
more unsoldicrly still, during all those
months, with this pretended knowledge of
facts which, if they existed, should have
been made known to the Secretary of War
for the protection of the army General
Miles never mentioned the subject. Nor
did I ever bear a rumor of chemically
treated beef being purchased for the army
until the General's testimony was given
before the commission."
General Alger gives an extract Jrom
General Miles' testimony before the com
mission. In the course of which the "em
balmed beef" charges were- mada by Miles.
But General Miles, "not content with
these grave and scandalous charges,"
says General Alger, "permitted himself to
be interviewed on the following day In
Cincinnati, Ohio, when he made more
charges. AVhen he appeared before tho
Court of Enqulir he was unable to repu
diate that Interview under oath."
General Alger says that Miles" allega
tions "were Indeed serious. Implying, as
they did, criminal incompetemy on the
part of the Commissary Department, if
not willful negligence and dishonesty."
This statement regarding the Commis
sary Department gies the author a
chance to say a good word for C P.
Eagan, formerly Commissary General of
the Army, who was suspended with full
pay for the use of language unbecoming
an officer and fc. gentleman when testifying
in reference to General Miles' charges,
and was lately restored to duty and re
tired General Alger says:
"Upon Commissary General Eagan the
charges fell with the suddenness of a blow
from an assassin'.! knife out of the dark.
General Eagan had been an officer of the
Regular Army for thirtj-six years. He
had risen from a second lieutenancy to
the highest rank In the commissary de
partment to which his ambition could as
pire. Gallant and fearless on the battle
fields of the civil war and the hnstlU
Indian plains of the West, he had a record
for soldierly qualities of which any offi
cer might well be proud, with energy,
honesty and zeal he had administered his
.department during the war with Spain
a fitting climax to a long and honorable
career in the service of his country.
"No other supply bureau of the army
had excelled in promptness, efnclen'-v ard
successful administration during the war.
I never entered the War Department,
whether early in the day or late at night,
and called for the Commissary General
that he did not report at once I nevr
gaie him an order that was not Imme
diately carried out to the letter Indeed
hlB zeal and anxiety for the soldiers in
camp and field were so great that his
efforts in their behalf during the long
and weary days and nights of the hut
summer nearly resulted In his prostralion
from overwork. The charges of General
Miles, made so publicly and so positively,
ana me manner in wmen wey wore lor
the first time made known, seemed to
General Eagan, In his nervous condition,
the more magnified and horrible. Upon
hearing them he pitifully exclaimed.
" "General Miles Las crucified me upon
a cross of falsehood and misrepresenta
tion'" After reviwlng the history of General
Eagan's testimony before the commis
sion, about the time General Miles had a
hearing, aid his subsequent request to be
recalled, General Alger gives an extract
from Eagan's testimony in which the lat
ter stated that General Miles" statements
In the newspaners relative to "embalmed
beef" were so at -variance with the truth
that he (Eagan) expected to see an Im
mediate denial from General Miles Con
tinuing, General Alger sa)g:
"I believe that, had General Eagan's
h-allh not been seriously Impaired by
overwork and anxlet. the two objectlon
nble paragraphs of 300 words, out of an
ug-jxegate of 12,000 words contained in his
replj would never have been written or
uttered. Even jet, divested of its of
fensive adjectives in the two paragraphs
referred lo, his reply to General Miles
remains unanswerable in. ne logic and
Incontrovertible in its farts."
This apology for Eagan is foIInvcd
Immediately by a vigorous denial on
General Alger's part that ho inspired
or had any knowledge of Eagan's pre
vious intended attack on Miles Gen
eral Alger says that Eagan did not
consult him beforehand about that
matter, but had such a consultation taken
place had General Eagan submitted his
manuscript to me, he would undoubtedly
at this writing Hill be in full possession
of the rank and privileges of Qnnmlmn
General of the United Slates Army. As it
Nc flooring, one Ylidlli, nnlj Ql.ia
per 100 It , new doors, u 10. rut iri pine
Uurds, mly tl.33 per 100 .t. Call iirti at
Cth it. and X. . js, Cn.
was, even the self-prejudicial and intem
perate presentation made by General
Eagan convinced tho commission that
there was no foundation in fact for the
charges and insinuations deduclble from
the terms "pretence of experiment' and
"As soon as I learned of General Ea
gan's statement before the commission,"
General Alger continues, "I sent for him.
I informed him of my surprise and morti
fication at his conduct. 'Whs did jou not
permit your friends to read your testi
mon) ? Why did you not show It to mc
and thereby have prevented the disgrace
mat is now sure to come upon you and
the uniform jou wear? You had no right,"
I continued, "to make use of such unbri
dled language at a time and under cir
cumstances which will assuredly result in
associating the President's name and my
own with such a disagreeable episode." "
General Alger sajs that Eagan's
court-martial was not the outcome of
General Miles' charges and that the con
fusion of Eagan "stripped the service of
an honest and able officer," whose func
tions of office were taken from him be
cause of "intemperate and unmilltary
language, conceived in an indignation par
donable, perhaps, in Us existence, but un
pardonable In its mode of expression "
After quoting army orders issued in
1STS and" in 18sS to prove that canned
fresh beef has been long a part of the
travel ration of the army. General Alger
"The allegations of General Miles
were not only contrary to fact,
but were made absolutely without a
particle of evidence or excuse If Gen
eral Miles really believed his charges,
his conduct is ail the more blameworthy
in that he apparently made no effort to
assure himself of their truthfulness, nor
to report them to the Secretary of War
before publiclv uttering them. If we are
to believe written evidence to the contrary
it do not appear that General Miles was
even honest In making his dilatory charges
that the tinned beef was Issued as the
pretence of an experiment, and that it was
not a part of the ration.
"On the 17th o lune, 1838, his most
confidential staff officer signed a letter by
'direction of the Major General Command
ing the Armv," Instructing the depot com
missar at Tampa to furnish to General
Nunez 10.614 pounds of canned roast beef.
to be I3suea rrom the 'subsistence stores
cf the armv." If we are to accept the
reading of this letter as correct. It proves
that General Miles knew that canned roast
beef wa3 a iiart of the rations, that he
kcw that there was a large quantity of it
at Tampa for Issue to the troops, and that
he so far approved of Its use as to direct
that'the ration be tarnished in large quan
tities to our allies."
BELLEVUE NUESES HELD.
The Coroner' Jjr PIuk IlcKponnl-
Mlltj for IIlllinrd'N Death.
NEW YORK, Dec 2S Coroner ntzpat
rlck concluded the inquest tonight in the
case of Louis H. Milliard, who died In the
insane pavilion at the Bellevue Hospital
on December 12, after his ribs had been
fractured, and held tho three nurses who
had charge of HUliard, J. R. Davis, Ed
ward O Dean, and Clinton L. Marshall, in
bonds of $5,000 each, pending action by
the grand Jurj. A&slstant District At or
ney Mclntyre says he will have the case
ready for the jury next Wednesday. Mrs.
Hilliard was recalled to the stand when
the proceedings began.
"Did you notice any bruises on jour
husband's forehead when you visited your
husband in Bellevue? asked the corexcr.
"Yes, sir, and I showed the bruises to
"'Who was the doctor?"
"I think it was Dr. Fitch "
Dr. Allen ntch testified on Thursday
that he did not remember seeing any
bruises on JUIliard's face.
Dr. John W. Moore, jr.. of the Bellevue
Hospital house staff, testified that, he saw
Hilliard on the afternoon of December 11. i
HUliard was then naked in the shower
bath He visited the Insane pavilion on
Wednesday morning. December 12, twice.
"I saw HUliard between 10 and 12
o'clock, he said, and talked with him to
draw him out about his case. I recall
that he had a brulso on his head. The
next time I saw him vas between 5 and 6
o'clock in the afternoon. I was In the
alcoholic ward and received a telephone
message to come to the insane ward. I
went on a run and found Hilliaril on a
bed and one of the nurses trjlng to re
vive him. I did not feel a pulse The
nurses, said Marshall had been trying ar
tificial respiration tor some time."
Nurte Davis told him the man had a fall,
and they brought him Into the room, gave
I mm stimulants, and tried artificial respl
I ration. The man had become violent, and
i they had a couple of scuffles with him. He
ihad got Into the bathroom and out again
into the corridor "and fell, striking the
back of his head on the floor. He then
rc-ae and fell again Davis ald he had
given him strjrhnlne and whisLy as stimu
Thomas J Mlnnock, recalled, taid that
the nurse that put the sheet around Hil
llard's neck was Davis. It web done on
Uedneadaj December 12 about supper
time Hlllir.rd got a good licking on Tues
day night, but the finishing touches came
on Wednesday night. They dragged him
along the co-rldor, bumping his head.
Mr Mclntjre said-
"I want to fix the responsibility. If
there was a deiiLerate attempt to lessen
vitality it takes the caso out of the pro
vince of manslaughter and makes it mur
der." One of the jurors here asked that the
nurse's report for December 12 be read.
It stated that Hilliard was sullen all day.
"Hilliard became violent,", the report
said, "and fought desperately We all
had to attack him at once There vas no
violence used In trying to overpower
Assistant District Attorney Mclntjre,
when the evidence was ail in said to the
jury that in ten years he had tried TOO
cases, and this was the most extra i di
nar)' ol all in Its brutality
The Jury returned tho verdict as above
CHURCHILL'S LECTURE TOUR.
To ti it st niiRllKhiiinn nnd Major
OTTAWA, Dec. 2S. A serious disagree
ment has arisen b'tneen Winston
Churchill and his manager Major Pond,
of New York, -v hlch at present threatens
to bring Churchill's lecture tour In Amer
ica, to a sudden termination Chiirthill
lectured here to an Immense a.dlcut.e last
night, and was to have immediately pro
ceeded to Brantford, Out, to 3peftk ihero
lie is, however, still hore, at the resl
dpnee of Lord Minto. vvhrse guest ho 13
while in Ottawa, and has canceled his
engagement In spite of the protests of h b
manager . Churchill signed a coniract
with Major Pond to deliver fiftj lectures
in America Churchill claims that h I3
overworked, but Major Pnnd says tho lec
turer has gone on Sirlke for more pay
Churchill has notified Major Pond so
the latter says, that he will give no more
lectures Churchill says he will lecture
but wants a rest In between '
Prince of Unlet' Llcht Home.
NA VUWI'OOltT, Dec 28 Recruiting
here for the Prince of Wales' Light Ifoise
is proceeding ut the rate of forty men
daily The reginioni promisos to bo among
lhemost populur of he new coips that
aT being ral
Ralljn im li .
v jl put iuouui .
Mc rr Old llurtan Uc
u p. Tiny Mn4.li ard
Tlie Boers in Cape Colon' Hard
Pressed bv (he British.
He l.lNle DrfentK Hertrofr'H Coiuniiui
ilo, Driving It Inward Prli-Hl.n
lnt-tfru Column Poreetl Unci., to
Ventcrntad lloth Mas He Captured
Pew .IcceKfioiiK Prom the Dutch.
NAAUU POORT, Dec. 28. General De
Lisle has severely defeated Ilertzog's
commando eighteen miles west of De
Aar and has driven the Boers toward
Prieska. He captured a number of
wagons and released the Cape police, who
were captured at Phllippstown.
General Grcnfell has turned back Kruit
zlnger's commando toward Vcntcrstad.
Both sections of the invaders 'are in a des
perate plight, and It Is probable that
they will never he able to return to the
Orange River Colony. They have received
little accession in strength from the
Colonial Dutch. The invasion will prob
ably end in complete failure. It is said
hero that the rapid movement of the
British forces which has brought about
this result reflects the greatest credit on
CAPE TOWN, Dec. 28. The Govern
ment has issued a report stating that the
two Boer columns which invaded the Cape
Colony have not met with success. The
eastern column has not succeeded in get
tins farther south, and General Grcnfell
has pushed them back a considerable dis
tance in the direction of the Orange
The western column has almost en
tirely abandoned the Philippstown dis
trict. About forty-flvo of the yeomanry
who were captured were disarmed and
almost immediately released. It Is be
lieved that this column has been divided
Into two parts and that they are being
followed by tho British force which re
No considerable number of colonists
have joined the Invaders. There Is still
considerable unrest along tjic: Bccchuana
land border, between Fourteen Streams
BRITISH ARMY REFORMS.
Two Olliccrs Who Served Under Gen
eral Colv Hie HcIkii.
LONDON, Dec. 28. The official gazette
publishes a notice that Yeomanry Officers
Spraggo and n. Woodhouse have res gaed
their commissions. They bcIongecL.to thj
jeomanry who were present last Maj- at
Llndlej under command of General Col-
ville, former commander of the Ninth DI
vision of the South African field force, and
""" rc-signauon as comm-,ncr 01 an
Infantry brigade at GlbraltM
requested by the War Office.
ROBERTS AT GIBRALTAR.
llic Itcturiiiiiir General fiiion an En
GIBRALTAR, Dec. 28. General Roberts,
who is reluming to England from South
Africa on the transport Canada, arrived
here today. He landed and was given an
enthrsiastic reception. He made a speech
in which he paid a tribute to Gen. Sir
George White. Governor of Gibraltar, for
his dffpnr-o r t--.rfv.mUi, !. ...
Boers, the siege of that town having lasted
119 daj's before the British succeeded In
diiving tho besiegers off.
WILLIAM BERESFORD DEAD.
The IlritlHh Peer Miccuinhi to an At
tack of l'eritoultiff.
LONDON. Dec 29 Lord William Leslie
De la Peer Bercsford died at midnight.
This leaves the daughter of Commodore
Price, of the American navy, a widow for a
third time. Lillian Price was first Mrs.
H.imraersiey, of New York, then Duchess
of Marlborough, and stepmother of the
Lord William Bercsford was born July
20, 1S47. He was a son of the late Mar
quis of Waterford, uncle of the present
Lord and a brother of Admiral Lord
Charles Bercsford, who won fame at the
bombardment of Alexandria He was a
noted sportsman and traveler and serve 1
with distinction in the army He lnd
been suffering from peritonitis for several
BOUGHT THE YACHT SENTA.
Illnl.le to Itat'f the German Cut
ter In liuerlcn.
LONDON, Dec. 28 Mr. Hiiikle, of the
New York Yacht Club, has bought from
Hen Adolf Busing, of tho Imperial Ger- j
man Yacht Club, the
benta, which was built In 1823 by W. Fife
a. son .vir. iiinkie intends to race the
Senta in the United States She will leave
Southampton for Now York In about a
Th- report that Mr Jameson had sold his
yacht Ailsa to a New Yorker turns out to
have bien correct The purchaser Is II. S
Redmond, of the New York Yacht Club.'
A rEUD BETWEEN BANDITS.
Mlisnollno nml u IVIIotr )1riKaiiil
ScrhJuir One Auother'H I.lteM.
ROME, Dec. 28 The hunt for tho noto
rious bandit and murdenr MussoIIno,
which has been going on for a long time,
is ncaring a dramatic climax. At the be
ginning of last week he was so hard
pressed by the police and military that
only two of his companions remained with
b!m These'lv.o men. named Jatl and DI
Lorenzo, were desperadoes with records
xecoim uniy 10 mat 01 MussoIIno himself
The remainder of the band had either been
killed or captured by the police
MussoIIno suspected treachery on the
pert of Jati and DI Lorenzo and. a week
ago he accused the former of designing to
bctraj him and thus obtain the reward of
CO.OOO lire. Ths precipitated a row and
MussoIIno attacked Jail v 1th a digger,
stabbing hln several time- and IcavinK
him for dend Di Lorenzo fi und Jatl in a
dying condition He bound up Jail's
wounds, hut his aid was too latf and Jati
died Before his death however, he
warned Di Lorenzo that MussoIIno intend
ed to kill him also.
DI 'Lorenzo thereupon took to the coun
try with tho avowed intention of killing
MussoIIno. The two brigands aro now
prowllig around in the Aspromonte dis
trict sof king each other s life Soldiers
and police are drawn Ir. a cordon around
the district awaiting the result of the duel
that will certainly occur when the men
meet. DI Lorcrzo has been Informed that
if he kills MussoIIno he will be given -a
frcp pardon for his many crimes The lo
cal betting is in f-ivor ef DI Lorenzo get
ting his ran and his pird n
l-"llill' lltiiiuc-H olli-r. Mil and K.
Bualoi !, 3. rthiad, Tyf r"t. ; a jear
A NEW CHINESE EMPEROR
UouilKcr Reported to Hare Ap
pointed Tuner lla.
LONDON, Dec. 2S A despatch lo the
"Standard" from Shanghai says that
when the court was at Talyuen-fu the
Dowager Empress secretly appointed a
new Emperor, a boy of fifteen, with the
title of Tung Hsu. The proclamation an
nouncing his appointment also contained a
prohibition against publishing the news
that a new Emperor had been elevated to
the throne. The new Emperor1, the corre
spondent adds, was taken to SJngan-fu in
an imperial jcllov chair. This explains
the permission given to the former Em
peror Kwang Hsu to reiurn to Pekin.
ENQUIRIES BY THE COURT.
Five Pointed llnerle iim to the
tentloii of the Alllci.
NEW YORK, Dec. 23 (3,50 a. m ) A
cable to the "Herald" from Tekln sayst
"A note was received last evening from
the imperial court at Slngan-fu acknowl
edging the receipt of the demands of the
Powers. It further contained five ques
tions, or requests, namelyr
" "First Might not the Taku ,'orts re
main standing, though dismantled?
'Second Is It proposed Ito behead
princes the same as other offenders?
" "Third It the deminds are acceded to,
will the allies cease sending out expedi
tions? " 'Fourth What places do the allies
propose to occupy?
"' "fifth How long do they propose to
occupy them?' "
THE TREATY AMENDMENTS.
The Senate' Action Called a "Con
tempt for International Illirht."
BERLIN, Dec. 28 The "Krtuz Zcltung."
discussing the Hay-Pauncefotc Treaty,
says that undoubtedly Englac'd received a
severe slap In the face, but that no treaty
could have been pushed aside In a more
unscrupulous fashion than this one has
been. This contempt for International
right is In the highest degree regrettable.
THE DANISH "WEST INDIES.
llenewal of KOtlatloiifC Retwccn
AYnshiiiKton and Copenhagen.
LONDON, Dec. 20. A despatch to the
"Dally Mall" from Copenhagen says that
negotiations for the sale of the Danish
West Indies are proceeding directly be
tween Washington and Copenhagen.
ITS CHECKS RETURNED.
I?mhnrrnssmt.nt of the London Glohe
and Pinnace Corporation.
LONDON, Dec. 28. A sensation was
cai'Sed in speculative circles, this after
noon by the return of checks of the London
and Globo Finance Corporation, a company
occupied In promoting and dealing in
.hares of suhsldlnrv cnmnanlca. It had
bought quantities of the latter stocks In
order to support the market ind found In
creasing difficulty In obtainig financial
The trouble culminated when the banks
refused to make further advances and
withdrew outstanding loans;,; The chief
stock affected was Lake Vlctv, which fell
I several points It is said that the com
pany received notice of the pending de
, livery of more Lake View stock than the
whole capital of that company. It Is
f tated, tb,at tho Bll's,h Columbian group
Is entirely unaffected by the crisis which
concerns the W est Australian market. The
London and Globe corporation haa a cap
ital of 2,000,000 in fully paid 1 shares.
Lord Dufferin is chairman ol the com
pany and Mr. Whllaker-Wrlgot managing
BUSH FIRES IN AUSTRALIA.
Great Unv op " rouKlit h
WIiiiIk unil I'lnmcft.
VANCOUVER, Dec, 28. Advices re
ceived from Australia by tljo steamship
Miowera say that terrific heat waves hav
swept across the Inland section districts
of New South Wales, starting bush fires
of vast extent at Walla Walia, Comanbel,
Banos, Oola, Wandrj-, Northam, New
Castle, Dakerlng, and scores of other dis
tricts. Sheep farms and settlements miles
in extent have been swept by the flames.
Many lives are reported lost, and many
se'tlemcnts have been destroyed.
The fires are prrmounccd to, be the worst
experienced in thirtj- years. 1 In the wake
of fire In the dilftn nt districts were
either cjclones or dust storxis, so terribla
that no animal or man could live In (hem.
Thousands of men were engaged in check
ing the fires Many persons were killed by
lightning ard thour nds of Rattle destroy
ed The hurrlcan" and whirlwinds In
many districts did more damago than tho
An interesting discovery of diamonds has
been made on Ruhy Hill, New South Wales.
lnls s-naii nin, aDout cigniy ieet nign.
was pegged out two years ago Dy a man
named Butt, who was attracted by the fact i
hat there was some red quartz in the
basalt. He drove a tunnel, but when told
the stones he leund were of no value, ho 1
abandoned his 1 Ialm
A South Afrlcin diamond miner named )
Morkel recently prospected the hill and
noticed thst it was composed of volcanic
braccia. and that the hill i. fact, was a
denuded remnant cf n volcanic pipe. As
the formation va3 exactly similar to that
where diamonds were found in South Af
rica, Morkel sterled to work at once, and
had not driven Ihe tunnel fifteen feet when
he made a waft!-up of a tub of braccia and
secured trn ill ""nils Tho bill Is now to
be worked by .V. ssrs. Paisley and Gordon,
capitalists, who sj there aro many other
diamond mounds In Australia. Miners In
the district in which Ruby Hill Is situated
have gone wild with excitement.
ADDRESSED BY ICE. WU.
Tlie ChlueMO Mlnlxter Hpeal.
.rvv Jcrie) Club.
MONTCLMR, N. J., Dec 23 Wu Ting
fang, the Chinese Minister, delivered an
address hero tonight before tho Outlook
Ciiib on the Bubject of tho unpopularity of
foreigners in China. Ills remarks wcro
aloug the line of a speech previously de- ,
llvured, with the exception of the fact that
trnight ho suggested remedies for a bettei
understanding between the Chinese and
foreign peoples. He urgsd that regard
should be paid lo their cutcm and man- j
ners. that courtesy and consideration :
should be observed In dealing with the
Chinese, and that a more conciliatory
policy generally should bo-dopted toward
the Chinese nation and people.
An African ErpIor,r Jlcud.
LISBON, Dec. 28. Mar- Zerpa-Plnto.
the well-known African explorer, died to
'ZTi to Ilnltimore and lteturii iln
II. A. O. Mtturilay and biutdii),
December 2 and SO, good to return until o'low
inj Mondavi Ticket pood on all trains cxcetit
THE ETHICS OF HAZING
Evidence of Brutality Brought Out
!) tho Board.
The I'uiiulry Concerning Iloor About
Completed The Practice at the
Academy t:encrall Considered
The Cadets .Vo Kcspcctcr of Per
sons The Sonn. of Sheridan and
MncArthur nnd the Grandaon of
Grant Subjected to Crnel Trent
incut u Apparent Determination
on the Pnrt of the Conrt of Kniinlrj
at West Point.
WEST POINT, Dec 2S The court of
enquiry practically ended today the taking
of testimony of the Military Academy
cadets in the case of the alleged Injuries
indicted upon ex-Cadet Booz Tho inves
tigation here, so far as its scope is con
cerned, has been of a very sweeping, min
ute character It obviously has been the
"l "Jl Brooke and the other ofii
cefs" who make up the court, to forestall
any criticism that might be forthcoming
as to the enquiry being biased in favor of
the Academy for the reason that the In
vestigators were all army men.
The Investigation today and part of yes
terday branched off from the Booz Issue
into an enquiry Into the general hazing
subject, and the Indications, from the line
of questions asked and from the apparent
mental attitude of the questioners, are that
tho court of enquiry's report, when It Is
issued, will contain some strong recom
mendations looking to the total extermina
tion of tho entire hazing evil.
The testimony thus far brought out, par
ticularly by the witnesses of today, has
demonstrated beyond question that hazing
In recent years has been carried to the
point of brutality. Witnesses have esti
fied that In several Instances cadets have
been hazed, not only until they were phy
sically exhausted, but until they collapsed
and lost consciousness. There was some
very striking evidence of this nature. It
was in the case of Cadet Douglass Mac
Arthur, son of General MacArthur, now la
command of the Philippines.
CndetH MncArthur nnd Grant.
Young MacArthur is a splendid fellow
physically and stands squarely at the
head of his class In all branches of studj.
Ulysses S Grant, grandson of General
Grant, is a good second. His frank, manly
bearing on the witness stand won the ad
miration of everyone in the room, and
when after he had been examined tho
story of the unmerciful hazing to which
he was subject-id waa brought out by other
cadets the gcteral respect and sympathy
for him wcro greatlj' Intensified.
As is very often the case when a cadet
comes here who is the son of anybody of
distinction, MacArthur seems to have
been singl-'d out for special hazing atten
tions. It was brought out that in moie
than one lnstan.ee he was "exercised" to
the verge of nervous prostration. On one
occasion. Indeed, his tormentors did not
leave off until he was in convulsions.
In this connection a characteristic In
stance of his loyal, manly character was
brought Into conspicuous prominence. Af
ter he had been hazed into convulsions and
could not repress the cries of pain which
were the result of shattered nerves, he
begged his fellow -cadets, his recent tor
mentors among them, to stuff cotton into
his mouth so that the officers In the camp
should not hear his outcries. No testi
mony that has been brought out here
made tho strong impression that this did,
and none has produced a more deep-seated
disgust for the entire hazing business.
Little doubt exists in the minds of those
who have heard the testimony here and
have noted the trend of the court's ques
tions, that there will be a report forth
coming that will strike the hardest blow
at West Point hazing that has ever been
Inflicted in the history of the Academy
That tho court's mind is bearing strongly
in this direction was shown today by the
Introduction of Col George B. Davis, who
was requested to give and did give a gen
eral historical outline of hazing in 'he
Academy from 1SC7, when he entered as
a cadet, until the present day.
The star witnesses among tho cadets
today were Uljsses S. Grant, Douglas3
MacArthur. and Philip H. Sheridan, son
of General Sheridan, who, in his plebe year,
was compelled to ride a broom sti k up
and down the company street shouting
st rring extracts from "Sheridan's Ride "
Uljsses S. Grant was the first He Is
a tall, fine looking, verj self-possesseu
joung man, whose bearing, a lino ugh he
has been less than two years here, would
do credit to the first class man
I'ut Through 'lHereiHi-fi,"
"I was in the camp in the summer of
1899," he testified In response to Colonel
Clous' questions, "nnd I was hazed. I did
'eagles' and 'wooden willies,' but I lad no
sweat baths. I was exercised, nnd one
exercise followed another, but I was
never worked In that way to the poin' of
exhaustion. Among other things I had
to sit on a locker with mj feet off the
ground and hold out dumb bells There
was a turtle in cacnp1 and I drilled it in
the company street. It was supposed to
represent a battalion I was required to
do the football exercise and 'dips" as well
'Dips' are resting face downward on your
toes and hands and raising jour bodj up
and down I was hazed no more than
other cadet3 of mj' class, perhnps less."
By Colonel Heln "Did jour hazing re
sult In anjbody being punished?"
A. Yes, Ir.
Q Whit was the punishment?
A A cadet wad dismissed, sir.
Tho cadet dlsmUsed for hazing joung
Grant was Cadet Smith. Continuing his
testimony. Grant said:
"All the upper class men hazed me more
or less. Our class had made a promise to
Colonel Heln, tho cadet commandant, that
we would not allow ourselves to be hazed.
Wo asked to be released from this promise.
Cadet Gray, now the president of tho
class, took the message to Colonel Heln,
asking him to release us from our prom
ise." Q Why did you wish to be released'
A We found that wo could not abide
by It without hiving so many lights.
Q hat answer did you get?
A. Colonel Heln, I understood, gave us
no answer at all.
Q And on the strength of that jou con
sidered jourselves released?
A. Yes sir: ne were told the cadet
corps In general would not brook such a
promise as wo had imde Threats wero
made that cadets of our class would be re
quired to do things, and if they refused
they would be called out to fight.
Q Have you heard of cadet3 being ex
ercised to the point of brutality?
A. Yes, sir.
Q Whcro was the hazing done'
A. We were called Into tents nnd then
mndo lo exercise. It was In tho -Ay of
Itcducc-d Itnten Vln Peuuxjliunia
.Account the Iiolld-i-B, excursion lkl.et4 !etween
W atliinftton nnd Baltimore. I'llti-kurjr, ConnelU
vllle, Jolmt-tortn, etc, will be Mld Pe-embtr
23, ?!, 25, and 31, good to return until January
4, 1M)I, at a fare and one-third for round trip
punishment, punishment, for mistakes
made, for blunders. The upper class men
were the Judges in these cases It was
they who directed the punishment. I was
hazed In the preparatory school befora I
came here. There were the same forma
of exercises as those required in the Mili
Cadet MacArthur testified that he had
been compelled to make the turtle pa
rade as a battalion in the company street,
had made speeches and done a number of
what thecoui t has come to describe In gen
eral terms as foolish things. He was very
reluctantly d-agged by the questioners up
to the point of admitting that he had
been exercised to exhaustion and worse
He had been exhausted, he admitted, and
had worked until be felt nausea, but
had never been incapacitated from doing
his duties the next day.
T was hazed not more and not less
than some other cadets, ' he testified. "I
was required to take a sweat bath in
a hot tent with the walla down and
with a rain coat and blankets over me."
"Do you remember the names of the
cadets who hazed jou?"
Hero for the first time young Mac
"Well, I " (here he paused and
glanced almost appeallngly at the stony
faces of the inquisitors). "Well, I would
like to ask if it is absolutely necessary
that I answer that ouestion. I do nol
see its bearing on the subject of the en
quiry." General Brooke, In a very low and quiet
voice, but with much firmness of empha
sis, told the witness the question must
be answered. Then the habit of soldierly
obedience seemed at last to make the way
clear to the young man, and he replied,
frankly and clearly
"'Cadet Dockcry was one of them. sir.
There were also Cadeta Brownell, Barry,
"Do you know of any of your class who
were exercised until they fainted?"
"I know of cadets who were exercised
until it was said they were unconscious.
J. J. Murphy was one of these. He fell.
or would have fallen, but I caught him. I
took him to the sink and brought him to.
I then took him to his "tent. I had to hang
uu a sireicner until 1 was pretty tired.
I hung on until I could do so no longer,
men I dropped. I do not know that I
naa convulsions from ov-r-exerclse. I had
no collapse to the extent of losing con
sciousness. I had cramps In my muscles
and could not control them.'"
"Did you have any fights?"
"No, sir. There was one fight that I
know of. It was between Mr. Zell and
Mr. Shannon. It was a fair fight. I saw
it. I was one of the seconds. The upper
class man had no advantage. Mr. Zell
The I'nrpose of Hnzlnir.
By Colonel Heln: "Was there not a re
port made to me about your being se
verely hazed and was there not an investi
gation on tho subject?"
A. Yes, sir.
Q What course did you take in that
A. I declined to give the name of tho
cadet who hazed me. on the ground that
It would Incriminate me.
Q What Is the purpose of hazini,?
A There are two purposes, one Is for
amusement and the other is to take the
rough, green edges off new cadets.
Q How- long does it take to effect a
cure of rough edges under the hazing
A. It depends upon the case. Some
times a week: sometimes a day.
Q Have you any cases In your class
that have been put under this treatment
A. Yes, sir.
Q Completely cured?
A- Ys. sir
Cadet John C Fegram, of the third
class, was asked
"Did j'ou ever know. of a cadet fainting
after he was hazed by jou?"
"One cadet fainted after I had hazed
him. It was when we were quarantined in
barracks In 1833. I called a cadet to my
room. It was Cadet Kenzell. I required
blra to do eagles. I think I required him
to do 1C0. He left my roon and I went on
reading. In a few moments Cadet Wil
liams called to me from down the hall.
He said: 'Come here. Pegram: here is
some one who has falnteiV I went down
the hall and found Cadet Kenzell. He
was lying on the floor.
"I do not know whether he was uncon
scious or not. I lifted him up. He could
not move or turn over when I lifted him
We carried him Into a room and gave him
water bathed his head. I remember an
other Instance of a cadet fainting It was
Cadet McGinnls, of Company C A fourth
class man came to me and said some one
had fainted in the sink. I took some
smelling salts and went to McGinnls. I
think he wa3 feigning. I had not hazed
him. This was In the camp. I was not
present when cotton was put into a ca
Cotton to Stifle t'rlei.
"I do not know that it was done I
know there was a good deal of rumpus
among the fourth class men about cctton
being put into cadets' mouths to stop their
crjlng. I have heard of cadets making
outcries when they were hazed, but I
never ran into one. I never saw cotton
stuffed into a cadet's mouth.
"Cadctj Mac rthur asked that cotton be
stuffed Into his mouth, as he could not
help crying out. and he was afraid the
officer of the day might hear him ,r
Cadet F Q. Gray, T.-esident of the third
"I assisted in carrying away Cadet Ken
zell. He was unable to use his muscles,
so he could not walk by himself I can
not say whether be was unconscious Ha
was Ijing still and was very pale I
heard that Cadet MacArthur had been In
the same condition "
Cadet Philip Sheridan testified that ho
saw Cadet Brlnton In his tent after it
was said Brinton had fainted from haz
ing. ' I don't know whit ho fainted from,
or anything about it," continued Sheri
dan "I saw Kenzell at 9 30 o'clock cne
evening In his tent after It was said he
had fainted. He was on his bark and
white in the face. I helped put water on
his face, and to rub his wrists. When I
saw a thing like that in camp I never
asked any questions I did not want to
know about it. In the morning Kenzell
was limp and could not leave his tent Ho
was told if Jic did not get up he would
be called out to fight. Then he got up and
went to breakfast and did all his duties."
Tomorrow Colonel Mills probably vlll
take the stand. It is expected that "the
court will finish its labors here by tomor
row evening at the latest.
THAWING OUT DYNAMITE.
biv Men Hind itH the Itcxult of an
KEYSER, W Va . Dec. 2S Six men iro
dead and several others are expected io
die as the result of a djnamito explosion
jesterday it Baker Camp, near Durbtn,
Pocahontas County, on the lino of the
coal and iron railroad now building out
from Elklns The accident happened at
noon while the men were at dinner Some
( djnamile had been placed above the stovo
to than out. and shortly after a terrific
explosion wrecked the camp, killed thrco
men outright, and injured eight others,
three of whom havo since died
Phjslcians hurried from Green Bank and
worked all night with the wounded, somo
of whom begged the doctors to shoot them
Instead of helping them to live to be
blinded or maimed for life
Norfolk & Washington Steamboat Co.
Dcliglitfo! trips dailv af 0 30 p m -from 'oot
rth st to Old Point Comfort Newport
N jrfolk and the South. Per schedule, sec pae 7
USHED BY HEAVY GALES
Great Storm Racing on
English anil Irish Coasts.
The Tl'Irea Down nnd Pe-.v I)etnll of
Milpplnir Dlniixtrrn Ilrrelved The
Channel stenmer Service Saxpend-eil-Thirty-three
Liven Lout In' the
Wreck of the Prlmroxe mil.
LONDON, Dec. 23 A great gale pre
vailing along the English and Irfth coasts
has caused an unprecedented Inl-rruption
of the telegraph service. Ihe wires aro
broken In all directions and few pirlicu
lars of disasters to shipping have teen
The British ship Pegasus, Captain Bai
ley, from San Francisco, August IT, went
ashore at Lavernock Point, but was sub
sequently floated. All the crew except
four are safe.
The channel steamer ervlce has been
The difficulties of the Postoffice Depart
ment, which operates the telegraph lines,
were greatly increased by a breakdown
on the London underground electric rail
way, caused by a leakage of electricity.
This threw from three to fire volt3 Into
the neighboring telegraph wires.
Tho chief disaster caused by the gale
was the wrecking of the four-masted ship
Primrose Hill, outward bound from Liver
pool, which went ashore near Holyhead.
A terrific sea was running, which prevent
ed the lifeboats from approaching the-
stranded vessel. When she struck, three
of her masts went overboard and her hull
broke In two. The foremast was left
standing, but In a few minutes this, too,
went over the side.
Meanwhile the crew had huddled to
gether on the poop deck. In a short time
a huge sea boarded the after part of the
wreck and all hands were washed over
board. Thirty-three were drowned. Tho
solitary survivor was thrown by the sea.
onto tho rocks, where he was mutilated:
before he was rescued.
Other wrecks are reported on the w- ft
coast. The wind blew with hurricane for v.
In South Wales a freight train was lll'ed
from the rails by the storm. In ot.vjr
places It required three engines to enable
trains to make headway against the gale.
risking boats have been cast up on the
western coast like driftwood. Seventy
oarges went adrift In the Thames. A
steeds -a- blown down Jn Y.'alworth, Sur
rey. The storm was probably the most
furious that has prevailed in Great Britain
In twenty years, although the reports as
yet do not record any great losses.
EX-SENATOR QUAY CONFIDENT.
PennMjrlvnnla Fnnlonlstii, However,
Predict III Certain Defeat.
IURRISBURG, Fav Dec. 28. All tho -stalwart
leaders of the Republican part7
have arrived for the opening- of the Legi3
lat, 2nd to take part in the round-up of
the big fighttfor the vacant chair In U13
United States Senate. C6T. M". -S.-Qnay,
who is a candidate for re-election, came
ovsr from Washington this afternoon, with
his daughter and a trained nurse. He Is
quite weak from his recent illness, and
must exercise great care to avoid any com
plications. While here he will occupy a private
residence and only tho.-e who must sea
him will get his ear. He is confident of
his re-election to the Senate and asserted
a few minutes after he left the cars that
there was no doubt of the identity of the
next United States Senator from Penn
sylvania He suggested that the people
had settled the matter at the polls en
Attorney General Elkln, Senator Pen- -rose,
and other leaders of the regulars,
emphasize the confident statements of
Colonel Quay, and in iatervlews tonight
positively assert that the stalwarts will
organize the house and elect Quay.
Ex-Attorney General McCormlck, who
Is identified with the anti-Quay movement,
was here a short time today and express
ed the opinion that the house would cer
tainly be organized by the Democrats and
anti-Quay Republicans under a fusion er
rangement, and that Quay would cer'ainly
be defeated. Representative William T.
Creasy, the Democratic leader, agrees
with McCcrmick that the fuslonists will
control the House. Should this be accom
plished it will have a very Important
gi"J "" " ', , "
shall, the stalnart candidate for Sfeal-e.-,
should be defeated. Quay 3 chances would
be seriously impaired If not wholly de
stroyed Tho anti-Quay leaders will be here to
morrow The caucuses will be held Mon
day and Tuesday, and meanwhile the rival
factions will get In their work.
THE COMPANY 5IA.Y YIELD-
beruiiion Street Hallway Strikers
I.ikt-I) to Win Their Flu-lit.
SCRANTON, Pa , Dec 28 It was said
semi-ofiicially here tonight that tho
street railroad strikes of this city and
Carbondalo will bo settled within forty-
elsht hours, tho company surrendering
and granting nearly all the concessions
asked by the men. This was tha sixth
day of the strike, and while it brought
no practical break In the tie-up, it
proved the most exciting day of tho
struggle for mastery.
Scenes of disorder and acts of violence
on the part or the strikers have been
constant. An outbr.ak at 1 o'clock caused
the company to take off the few cars that
it bad kept in motion during the greater
part of the day On tho Sehnell switch
on Lackawanni Avenue at -1 o'clock a car
was surrounded by a great crowd cf young
men and boys, the latter armed with
snowballs. The motorman and condu-tor
hurried inside the car and held the dior
so that the crowd cculd not get at them.
The police scon rescued them
Every car that went over the line today
was assailed in somo way or another anl
conductors and motormen pelted with
snowballs and the accumulations of the
streets. The company fears it will bo
forced tc surrender because peoplo will
not rido upon the cars and because tho
new men, after being transported to
Scrahton. desert the company and become
advocates of th" strike
WILKESBAPRE, Pa., Dec. 2S. The
threatened trnl'ey -itrike of tho Wllkes
barre and Wyuuiing Traction Company
cmplojcs here was averted bj the company
making substantial concessions to the men,
which fiev accepted at ! o'clock this morn
ing The men are to got Jl 65 a day, and
two shifts coc1- nt tiine hours
Ovi-nn St en 111 nil I p 3Xov euientif.
NEW YO'IK. Oci 2S Arrived T"-a.ve,
Bremen. Arrived out. Spaarndam, Net
York at Boulogne
1T To lTultlniore and Tteturn Sit 3
A in Pcii". lvanla Kttilrnad.
n aid tm fa nefxmfwr
3 1' M 1 t 1 rr.bif
VI! tr in it con . lonat LiauedV