WASHINGTON, SUNDAY, DECEMBER IJO, 1900-TWENTY-FOUIt PAGES.
Prick Three Cents.
The Balance of Industrial Power
Shil'tiiiS Toward America.
Tlic OltZ World Prompted to Intro
xpcctlon at tin- IJnvwi of the rn
Ccnturj The Oihxc ir I'roKrcM Iti
the Lulled blntcx the Sulijcel of
S,1"l5 The YounK 3!nn In HiihIiickh.
(tprul CWosrani Copjris'jtcJ.)
LONDON, Dec 29. Nations as well 33
Individuals seem to be devoting them
selves more seriously to introspection ct
the preterit moment liizn ever before. It
is a peculiar h.stcrlcal coincidence that
the end of the century Is marked by a
turning point in International relation
ships, rr rather an impending change cf
leadership in the great race of human
progress. 11 Is more in the domain of ac
complished fact than of prophecy to say
that tt balance of poer In t"' sense cf
prosperity and Industrial accomplishments
is trembling between the Old World and
Every serious public print in England
and Eurcpe has been 'discussing this sub
ject in the past few days in terms so
solemn that they are almost sad. It 13 only
the Illrpapt commentators in England, at
all events, who see no warning In the re
cent trend of affairs, and who welcome the
twentieth century with gay confidence. The
vast, measureless potentiality of America
In shap.ng the fnturc destinies of human
ity has come as a sudden revelation to
Europe; Human nature is still so pcor a
thing, that tills realization has awakened
envy and alarm as well as a salutary
spirit cf emulation.
It would bs timely to transmit some ex
tracts from the published comments on
the situation, in order to further inspire
the American people to carry on their
glorious mission in full confidence. That,
howtver, is prevented by a typical Instance
of Old World lack of energy Thursdays
gaic prostrated nearl aii lae u-irej fiom
London to the. coast, and the British tele
graph department has not as yet restored
the line; which connect the metropolis
with the American cable stations. The
cable companies, therefore, state that de
spatches must be as brief as possible.
It Is possible, however, to call atten
tion to one or two points made by Eng
lish seekers after the secret cf American
success. Thus, tho "Times," in a row
erful leader today, says:
"The chance given to youth is the chief
secret of the amazing enterprise exhib
ited by the American iron and steel trade
during the last dozen years. At the head
of great affairs are young men. Youth
gets there a position which is supposed
here to belong to long experience. Men
of thirty control concerns which here
would seem to be the prerogative of men
"There it Is believed that for business
purposes demanding fresh perception a
man cf thirty Is as good as he Is ever
likely to be, and for many purposes a
great deal better than he will be if he Is
successful twenty years alter."
The writer of a remarkable series of
articles on American engineering compe
tition In the "Times" last spring, says in
an article In a new series today:
"In the whole course of my IasL trip
in the United States, where I made hc
matter one of close observation, I can
remember only one or two instances of
elderly men taking a leading part in tho
management of works, and in one of these
the business, though of great reputation,
did not give promise of further advance
ment." The "Times" adds editorially: -'The,
American youth has a knowledge of busi
ness when he quits school or college,
which is rarely possessed by an English
man of the same age. The former Is not
usually diffident In putting forward bis
own Ideas. He bas been accustomed to
talk over business matters with his father
In a way which is rare here. The chances
are that he enters his father's business
with a stock of knowledge of which a
young Englishman fresh from a university
or public school has no inkling.
"In an analysis of the causes at work
adverse to England something should be
said of the great intelligence and zeal
put into affairs by the American man of
business. He takes bis pleasure in what
he is doing and Is not afraid to admit that
ho is in pork or in grain. If the fact be
so, he is curious 03 to all that affects his
business and he is open to new Ideas In a
way which is unusual with us. What has
succeeded in the past will not succeed in
the future is a working maxim with the
best men of business who are ready to
throw their experience aB well a3 their
antiquated machinery on the Dcrap heap.
There are some signs of a change in this
respect In this country, but the idea that
there is something respectable, solid, and
satisfactory in doing in the mill, work
shop, and counting house what one's fa
ther did dies hard."
The "Spectator" today goes to the root
of Brltisn industrial degeneracy, which
has Leen previously fully exploited, name
ly, tho refusal of English wori.mcn, under
trade union Influences, to render an hon
est equivalent for their wages. Tho "Spec
"Wo believe if a deputation of British
trades unionists of the best type were to
visit America and conduct a thorough in
vestigation of trade conditions, that they
would return convinced that their duty to
their countrymen in future would be best
discharged by encouraging the universal
practice cf the best and hardest work
compatible with health during recognized
The foregoing self-crltlclsms arc tplcal
of the new century reflections of such En
glishmen as read the signs of the times
ABRUZZI'S NEW VENTURE.
To MnLc an ;plurntIoii of Antarctic
llcKtonn In 10O2.
LONDON, Dec. 29. The Duko of AbruzzI
is just now in Rome for the purpose of
obtaining the formal consent of the King
to his sew enterprise, which is not, as
reported, another North Pole expedition,
but a wcll-dcvlsed scheme for the ex
ploration of the Antarctic regions. King
Victor Emmanuel admires and sympa
thizes with his cousin's exploring ardor
and the royal consent and financial as
sistance arc assured
The duke proposes to start from Bueuos
Ayres In 1902 In a ship which will be spe
cially built In Italy from his own plans
and zpeclnc&tlons. The duke bas already
selected as hla companions Vtttorlo Sella,
tho geographer, and several young officers
of tho Italian royal navy.
Colonel Lynch to Visit Kroner.
NEW YORK. Dec. 29. Col. Arthur
Lynch, formerly of the Irish brigade of
the Boer army, sailed today for Havre
aboard tho French liner La Normandie. It
Is said that he will visit President Krugcr,
of the Transvaal Republic, and try to
persuade htm ty como to America.
PAY FOR IRISH MEMBERS.
Fifteen DolfnrK n U'crk the Sam Flx
eil 1 tlie MlflonnllM Lender.
LONDON, Dec. 29. The leader cf tiic
Irish Nationalist party has fixed $13 a
weel: js the regulation pay for member.
cf 1'arliamrnt who arc unable to defray
coat of living in London during tho ses
sion out of their own resources. Whl.c
it cannot be sai.t that he has erred on
the side of generosity, the amount Is
reallv sufficient for plain living if the)
aro' content merely lo lead laborious days
for the good of Ireland.
The trouble is, a goodly portion of the
Irish ir.cml-ers require some little luxu
ries, which necessitates addition to that
$13. Some cf thi-m supply political in
formation to English newspapers, Tory,
as well as Liberal, and write parliamen
tary reports and sketches. The leader is
credited , with an intention of putting a
stop to this stale of affairs, but he will
not be able to do so unless he Is prepared
to pay more (ban $13 a week, and from
present indication his financial resources
will be strained to the utmost to supply
even that'medest stipend.
Of eighty odd Irish Nationalists elected
there are about sixty who must be paid
salaries. That means $300 a week during
a session of six months. The fund for
this purpose which was recently started
in Ireland is growing slowly, and it looks
as If America woujd have to supply the
deficiency becouse In addition to support
ing members of Parliament the rarty ma
chinery in Ireland must be maintained.
FRENCH RELIGIOUS ORDERS.
The Pope Oppohck Their Mippresuloil
h' the Government.
PARIS, Dec. 2D. A letter from the Pope
I lo Cardinal Richard, which Is to be pub
lished tomorrow, deals with the proposed
bill of Prime Minister Waldeck-Roujseau
against religious communities. The Pope
In this ldttcr defends the religious orders
and sas they aro most useful not only
to the Church, but also to the civil gov
ernment. He says they saved the treas-
' ures cf ancient civilization during the
night of the Middle Ages. They tilled
barren lands, founded cities and assis :!
priests when their nutnoer was scanty.
The French orders, Hio Holiness says,
always held a place of honor In spreading
education and furthering charity. They
had, always nobly served the Church rr.d
Prance, cftcn at tho peril of their lives.
They had spread the gcupel and France's
love and inllucnco to the" remotest corners
of the earth andbad caused the eetub
Hshiaent of a French protectorate tor
Catholics in the near and Far East. Their
suppression now, the Pope says, would
I te base ingratitude and an lrrcpareble
evil, anu wouia cause jiarm as uiuer ra
tions had found out.
A blow at these congregation, the
Pope says, would be a blow at "our Holy
Church, and if realized, other nations
would be allowed tn step in and take
the position held by France abroad. The
reproach of the extensive wealth of these
congregations Is exaggerated. The money
does not belong to them, but to the poor.
I hope such an injustice will not be com
mitted." The Rome correspondent of the "Matin"
has had an interview with His Holiness
on this subject. The Pore complained
bitterly of the attitude of the Trench
Government In regard to the religious or
ders. He will demand the free existence
l of these congregations under the present
. regime and general laws which are ap
plicable to all French citizens. It is un
derstood the Government will strenuously
adhere to the bill, which has the approval
of some of the leading Catholic Bishops.
MANY VESSELS WRECKED.
HnmuKe Wrought hy the Storm tiff
the Ilrillsh Ixlei.
LONDON, Dec 29. Reports which arc
now coming in show that there was great
loss of life as a result of the storm of
Thursday and Friday. The Austrian bark
Capricorn and the French bark Seine were
wrecked on the Cornish coast. Twelve of
tho crew of the Capricorn were drowned.
The crew of the Seine was rescued with
A tug which has arrived from the Ed
dystone lightship reports the loss of a
steamer with all hands. The captain of
the tug Mates that many vessels are
ashore and others have, disappeared. The
fate of the crews of these vessels Is
DEPENDING ON AMERICA.
Chi mi Uxpcctft Aid In Sccurlnir Modi
fied Peace Condition.
While the Governn.ent Is without official
information concerning the reported nc
tlou of the Chinese authorities in seeking
'to secure a modification of some of the
conditions contained In the International
agreement perfected at Pekin, officials
are inclined to accept the press
statements that such action has been
taken. The terms which the Chinese
Government desires modified are those en
which the United States made .reserva
tions In the agreement. It Is regarded
here as probable, therefore, that, taking
the exceptions at this coin try as a basis
for securing better terms, China is at
tempting to bring about a modification of
the conditions that the forts between
Pekin and the sea be razed and that per
manent garrisons be maintained y the
Powers to guard communication lo the
capital. Knowing that the United States
Government docs not favor these condi
tions China "Is probably counting en
American support In seeking to change or
The State Department received no in
formation yesterday to the effect that, as
stated la the despatches from Pekin, the
Empress Dowager Had deposed Kw.tng
Hsu and appointed a new Emperor, The
department has heard nothing from Mr.
Conger to this effect, and Is Inclined to
discredit the report.
COLONEL LANGDON HARRIED.
Hot I red Army Oflleer Weil Ml
Gruce itiirnjtrtl In tlttitwu.
NEW YORK, Dec. 23. Cards announc
ing the marriage of Col. Loomls L. Lang
dna. United States Army, retired, to Miss
Grace Barnard, at Ottawa, Canada, on De
cember C, have been received by friends in
Brooklyn. Colonel Langdon was retired
from the army in 1SD1, and at that time
bis age was given as slty-seven jcars.
His wife died at 20 Sidney Place, Brook
ljn, two years ago. Ho lias two sons, one
of seventeen jcars, who Is at school in
Connecticut, and tho other Licit. Russell
Langdon. now serving In the Philippines.
Miss Barnard, who is thirty vears old,
was a nurse in St. John's Hosptlal, Brook
lyn, up to a year ago. Colonel Langdon
was one of the board of managers of the
hospital and devoted a great deal of his
time to the institution, especially during
the Spanish-American war, with the sick
and wounded soldiers received there. Col
onel Langdon and his wife arc now In
Spain, having sailed tbreo weeks ago.
The Allium fur Muricherltu.
ROME, Dec. 29. The; album which is to
be presented to ex-Queen Margherlta on
behalf of the Italian residents of New
York, arrived here today.
Another Force of Iloer Invader.
CAPE TOWN, Dec. 29. A small Boor
force has appeared in the vicinity of
Ladygrey, Cape Colony.
BE WET STILL AT LARGE
The Oafiy Boer General Laughs
at His frii'Miei's.
ICiteliener Compelled to Issue Cv en
Milder Procltimntloux Thnii ltnh
ertf Iiverj Zlffort Ilclnir .Made to
I'iinIi the ItecniltliiK The Ileal SIl
tfilfioii Kelt From the Puhllc.
LONDON. Dec. 29. The news from
Couth Africa is still scanty and throws
no light on tho situation; certainly no
favorable light. Kitchener, the stern, has
seen th? necessity of issuing a far more
conciliatory proclamation than Roberts,
the mild, lie also. had to make a lusty
trip south in view of the seriousness of
the dictation in Cepe Colony.
General De "Wet still laughs at his pur
suers and various commandos are break
ing communications, inflicting leases, and
evading capture. Recruiting in England
and South Africa is being vigorously
pushed and troops vviirieave here as soon
as possible. The omnibus companies have
again been requisitioned for horses.
Thus the situation cannot be said to
have Improved since a week ago, though
it is plain that the home Government and
the military authorities in South Afri
ca are making every effort to prevent
knowledge of the true condition from get
ting abroad, in hopes that the matter will
soon take a more favorable turn. The
more or less optimistic views expressed
by the English press In the last few days
have had a reassuring effect on a great
portion of the public here, but such view
merely leflccted the desire of the papers
to acquiescoin the Government's policy
of the suppression of the truth, which has
fhsplred the idea that IC will thus be bet
ter able to handle the situation.
DENIES COURT'S AUTHORITY.
Governor I'innrree RcfiiHCft to Answer
in Contempt ProeeedliiKM.
DETROIT, Mich, Dec. 20. Instead of
going to Lansing today to appear in the
Ingham Coiuty Circuit Court to show
case why he should not te punished for
contempt, Governor Pingree sent a tele
gram denying the authority of tho cojrt
over him as Governor. He also said that
were he inclined to recognize its author
ity ho could not appear on account of his
duties during the last hours of his of
Judge Wisncr, called to hear this case
for Judge Wlest, said that Governor Ping
ree .was cited So appear as an individual,
not as Governor and adjourned the hear
ing until January 9. Governor Pingree
has declined to indicate his future course.
This was Pingrce's telegram:
f'As Executive of the State of Michi-
i gnn and representing one of the three In.
, dependent, equal, and co-ordinate divl
t sions of the power of the government, I
am constrained, meaning no disrespect to
i the Judicial department, lo deny the au
I thorlty of tlw Judiciary in the premises.
1 "Were I as Chief Executive of this
State disposal to recognize the authority
of the judicial department on this partic
ular occasion the ollcial duties pressing
upon me In the closing hours of my ad
ministration would not permit of my giv
iu.V.T3 matter attention."
TO SWELL PAPAL FUNDS.
Leo's (Jh)cct In Cnunlnir the Uxten
filon of the Holy Yeur.
ROME. Dec. 29 The announcement that
the holy year had been extended six
months caused considerable s'upnsc, as
it was understood that 1900 had quito
come up to the expectations of the Vatican
authorities In respect to the number of
pilgrims and the amount of the contribu
tions to Peter's pence. The papal bull
Is explained by the fact that the Pope is
anxious that In view of the probability of
his early demise, a contingency which he
always bears in mind, despite his occa
sional Jocular references in private to his
intention to become a ccntennarian, the
papal finances shall be In a prosperous con
dition. Ho is of the opinion that the world will
almost Immediately commence a series of
seven lean years la respect to international
trade and commerce, with a consequence
falling off of Peter's pence. Consequent
ly special efforts are necessary to re
plenish the papal treasury, and one of
these Is the Pope's plan for attracting
more pilgrims to Rome by prolonging the
During the present month alone there
was received In Peter's pence the enor
mous sum of 2,400,000 lire. Nothing like
this has been received in a single month
since the Pope ceased to be a temporal
sovereign. The exact figures have not yet
been oiiiQlally declared, but it is stated on
s-'ml-offlclal authority that the total of
J'ater's pence for the year ending Decem
ber 24 was 17,CC0,X!0 lire. Six hundred
thousand pilgrims, properly so-called, ar
rived In Rome during the year, vvhl e there
were r.00,000 non-pilgrim visitors, making
the influx for lhe year over a million par
cons. Tho Vatican records show that In 17T3
half a million pilgrims visited Rome, and
TC0.000 in 1S23, but In both these cases the
methods of c- Iculatlng were, to pay the
least, of a rough and ready character, and
It may safely be declared that 1900 has
beaten the record.
TO APPEAL TO THE POPE.
The lrlliceiK Von AVreile to Air Her
LONDON, Dec. 29. Princess Ludmlllo
von Wrede, who Is now In Rome, has
been promised nn audlenco with the Pope
next week in order that she may 1: y her
matrimonial troubles before him. The
matter Is somewhat complicated. Tho
princess, who Is a beautiful Hungarian,
was a singer of considerable repute when,
a few jears ago, she married Baron
Dabrzausky, a Russian, from whom she
obtained a divorce. She then met Princo
Adolphus von Wrede and married him.
The union proved unhappy, and the
couple soon icparuted by an agreement
under which tho princess received C00
francs per month. The prince went to
Munich In 189C nnd persuaded the high
court of justice to annul the marriage,
and within three months he married Mad
ame Carmen Dolores Bonltes, a rich Ar
gentine widow. The princess now wants
the Popo to annul this marriage and de
clare Bcr tho lawful wife of tho prince,
but It is extremely improbable that Ills
Holiness will Intervene.
l'nper Should lie In AV'rnppern.
The director general of posts rf the Phil
ippine Islands has written ,i lette" w n;
Postmaster Giieral. askinf, that publish
ers be requested to S2id all papers In
tend.?! for ioliierj in addressed single
wrappers. Instead of in bi iil'e.'. Papers In
bundles often fall to reach their destina
tion, and there have be n many complaints
among tha soldiers on th's account.
riynn'a Duilncai Collcae, 8th nnd IC.
Builncu, Shorthand. TypevTMnztZi a yen.
SCOURGED BY SMALLPOX.
Iletvveen ,'UII nmi t,OOtl t'nseu til the
Town of Winona. Minn.
ST. PAUL, Dec. 29. There are IrLwcen
500 and LOCO case at smallpox at W:no,
a town of 20,000 population, 70 mtles
south of St. Paul. The Stale Roard of
lit tilth today ordered the rlty to enact
quarantine regulations to prevent instesi
or egress, and threatened to have tho
militia called out If this was not djne.
All trains were ordered tos run through
tho city at frll sre& er not enter It at
St. Paul gave notice to the Winona au
thorities that it prompt measures were
not taken at once Winona would be shut
off from the outsid&vorld until the dis
ease is suppressed.yTho authorities at
Winona say that about S00, houses have
been under quarantine during the pist
two months, but nowfrom. twenty to thir
ty patients a day ard being released and
that there aro not more than 400 cases
There are but a few cases In St. Paul
and Minneapolis and tbess arc very mild
and the patients arc&sell cared for. There
is no apprehension here and the board of
health will stamp out the disease at Wi
nona by heroic .measures.
SMALLPOX IN A PULLMAN".
PniotciiKerii nnd Trainmen qanran
tlneil In the Colorado Mountain.
DENVER, Col., Dec 29. A Pullman
car with sixteen passengers and three
trainmen Is quarantined In the mountains
near here because a California woman on
board has the smallpox.
STRIKERS HOLDING THEXB OWN.
Ilenvy I.oe at the Scrnnton Street
SCRANTON. Pa., Dec. 29. There are all
sorts of stories in circulation here to
night, with reference tcr an alleged set
tlement of the afreet car strike, but all
have been run down and found to be base
less. That friends of bxh sides are seek
ing to bring about n conference is true,
but the company oftlcials seem rather re
sentful over thci maimer In which Ihey
have been treated anil" have rejected all
overtures for peace.
President Clark cojne on from Fhlla
delpnla today with General Manager Sllll
man. He seemed to have a stiffer back
bone than ever, and said that tho com
pany would settle the strike shoitly and
in Its own way, too.
"Wo can get all the men wo want," hs
said, "and a number o.f them In Scranton.
too, if we arc given' proper police pro
tection. That Is the principal cause of
our weakness. Men will not go to work
while feeling that their very lives are In
Despite the words of President Clark,
even fewer cars were run tcday than yes
terday, and tho few" In motion were kept
out of the bara for only a" few hours. To
night a number of v non-union men
brought here drew tTie.;r pay and 'declared
that they will work ip more in Scranton.
The mayor, sttrreu p by the news
papers, gave strict ord-.rs to the pollco
today and there' win. be no more such
scenes of disorder us were witnessed yes
terday and tlm day before.
Today wai'the seventh day of the strike
and the loss of the company during the
holiday season has been enormous. Tnc
strikers arc Issuing appeals asking that
there bo no further assaults on car crews.
WILKESBARRE, Dec. 29. Some men
are being brought here from New York
to take tho placo of Scranton trolley car
strikers, it being easier to smuggle them
Into Scranton from this city than by the
It has been found that many are from
lodging houses on the Bowery and the
police have been ordered to run them out
of town, as it is feared that the small
pox which prevails in New York may Le
brought here by them. A couple of par
ties of twenty nnd thirty men who were
landed here were refused food or lodging
by the hotel and saloon-keepers and had
to leave town to gt something to eat.
ANOTHER ISLAND BOUGHT.
A Conllngr Station Site In San Louis
An island of 130 fi-.rcs In the harbor of
San Louis d'Apra, Guam, has been pur
chased by the Navy Department for $930.
from the nnivc owners. It Is to be used
as a coaling station.
THE DANISH WEST INDIES.
The United Slnten fnld to lie Necotl
ntliisr for the Inland",
The project for the purchase of the
Danish West Indian Islands by this Gov
ernment bas again been opened, and this
time with what beems to warrant the pre
diction thaftho-dcal will be consummated
For the past two -.ears rumors have sp- I
peared at frequent Intervals that negotla- 1
tions were on foot tn bring about tho sale,
and while thero was some basis for these
in that certain Danish unofficial agents
were endeavoring to arrange the matter
in the hope of gettllng commissions from ,
Denmark, the United States had never en- r
tcrcd into any formal exchanges on tha
subjsct with the Government at Copenha
Now. however, li 1, admitted that Mr.
Swcnson. tho AioericairMiuister at Ccp-r- '
hagen. has entered Into negotiations wltn ,
the Danish Foreign Office under general
Instructions to ascertain on what terms,.
Denmark is willing to dispose of her West
Indian insular possegjlurs, and to make a
treaty, if n reasonable! price can bo nr- .
ranged. It is learned that Ur. Snenson
li negotiating on the basis of J.7,500.000.
Denmark wants morn' money and to bring
about the desired result the purchase price
may bo increased bv tho United States,
Jlr. Snenson having discretionary authori
ty to do this. Denmark, It Is said, wants
J7.CO0.CCO for tho islands, but there is no
probability that ice. United Slates will
consent to pay an thing near that figure i
Officials who Vnov? the details of the ne-
gotlatlors arc rctlrent on. the Bubject, but )
It Is fair to assuuio fron guarded state- I
ments made that n treaty providing
for the transfer is In, course of prepara
tion, only the price and a feu unimportant
details needing to bo'arranged.
Denmark has by anxious to sell the
Islands for the past forty years. More
than thirty years ago Secretary of Statu
Seward made n treaty with the Copen
hagen Ministry for their bale to this coun
try, but tho Senate declined to ratify the !
agreement Since ihcn Denmark has re
fused to make a nevr treaty until she had
assurances that there would not be a sec
ond failure. While this Government could
not fi'vo these assurances, as the Senate
is part of the treaty-making power, it Is
evident that Denmark baB become satis
fled that the chances for-disposlng of the
islands to the Unitf-d States are too good
to be overlooked, t f-
Oeeun Stcuinahlp Mov cmeiiti,
NEW YORK, Dec. 29. Arrived: New
York, Southampton, Etruria, LIverpcol;
Brooklyn City, Bristol. Arrived out:
Spaarndam, from New York, at Rotter
dam; Umbria, from New York, at Queens
"town; Kaiser Wilhelm II. from New York,
at Gibraltar; La Champagne, tram New
York, at Havre.
Pennsylvania Legislators (lather
ing at Harrisbarg.
finny ItlilieuleM the Axuertlon of Illn
Opponents nnd I'ickM KlawM In
Their I'lprure The Itenult In the
Iliiurift of a I''cvr Doulitful MemlierN
The PietlouliitM Claim the Ilounc.
IIARRISnURG, Ta., Dec. 29. With the
organization of the Legislature but three
days off the situation is- too complex for
any ordinary looker-on to solve. Mat
thew Stanley Quay sits serene and confl-
Vdent in the cosy upper room of his tem
porary Pine Street Jiomc.
"I caa't understand how these people
are figuring," said Quay lo one of his
He was discussing the claims of lbs
opposition, and ho picked numerous Haws
in their plans for defeating him. He
seemed to think that h's foe3 were over
reaching themselves, esjecJMIy la the le
sion scheme and ridiculed some Moves,
which he evidently regarded as extremely
weak. He has heard all about the efforts
of the opposition to concentrate their
strength upon P. A. B. Wldener, and he
strongly suspects that methods aro be-
1 lng employed which are usually denounced
la reform platforms. Sifting all the
stories that have been poured Into his
ears, he has reached the conclusion that
he has nothing to fear.
Penrose, Elktn, Ahdrews, Barnelt, Eyre,
Durham, Marshall, Snyder, Voorhees,
and the other corps commanders of
the regular forces, are at the Lochiel,
watching and planning and executing
Both sides are dead sure of victory, and
neither seems to be bluffing. Each pities
the Ignorance of the other, and so goes
the contest." It is a close fight, with the
issue in the hands of the half-score doubt
ful legislators who are unable to make
up their minds.
It was nearly 4 o'clock this afternoon
when the anti-Quay managers pushed Into
the Commonwealth Hotel and unfurlsd
the insurgent colors. There were In the
advance Senators Fllnn, "Martin, Henry,
and Edmlston; E. A. Van Valkfiburg, and
several others. In .their wake came the
Business Men's Ltogue. whu V. A. Van
Valkenburg and Harry Maciicy In charge.
"Wo have you licked," said Repre
sentative Frank McClaln.
"That's what you have been saying for
two years," said Senator Fllnn. "You
haven't got us llckeo-f and you won't elect
Quay unless you doflt with Democratic
votes." ' v '
Fllnn and Martin and nll.tjTa others at
tho Commonwealth arcnjiIiC that the
anti-Quay men win'organlzc? the House and
prevent Quay's election. As to the Senate,
they are not so certain, but do not admit
that they cannot control that body also.
"It seems to be a tie" is all they will say.
Carman, the ex-State Democratic Chair
man, ii here, waving the flag of revolt.
Ho Is dead set against any coalitibn with
tho Republicans on any proposition, and
was speaking in a loud tone of voice at
the Commonwealth tonight, when he came
Into collision with Creasy and Stranahan,
who favor fusion. Later the Fusion Demo
crats went into executive session for the
purpose of considering ways and mean3 of
getting Carman out of town. He caused
Guffcy trouble last session, and 13 a thorn
in his side.
The Democratic caucus on the House
organization will be .held at 11 o'clock
Monday morning. This is said to be a
little scheme to bring, the anti-Quay Re
publicans to time. Dixon will be nomi
nated for speaker and the insurgents
must then produce the documentary evi
dence that they have J.he necessary votes
The Republican caucuses on the organ
ization of the Senate and House will be
held Monday night. Marshall, the Quay
candidate, says he cannot be defeated for
tho speakership and Senator Snyder ex
pects to preside over the Senate. There
is said to be some friction In anti-Quay
quarters over the AVidener proposition.
Ho Is understood to be persona non grata
In Wanamakcr circles.
A MOVE BY QUAYITES.
Senntor-Ulect Hrury ChnrKed With
IleceliliiGT a flrihe.
WILKESBARRE, Pa., Dec. 29. Charges
were made today against State Senator
elect William Drury by S. S. Staples, the
Democratic candidate whom be defeated.
Staples made a sworn statement before an
alderman this afternoon, and after the
papers had been served on Drury went to
Harrisburg to file the papers with the
clerk of the Snate. Staples is represent
ed by Mr. Garm.iu, ex-Democratic State
Chairman, nnd swears that Drury received
about $1,500 before the election and that
In return ho gave a written pledge not to
vote for Quay for United States Senator
nor anonc whom Quay favors. Staples
says that this renders Drury ineligible to
a seat In the Senate. He says that ho
will contest his right to the seat and sup
port his charges hy tho testimony of sev
eral leading Republicans.
Tho anti-Quay forces here brand the
whole charge as a scheme of the Quayites
and say that Staples is Incited by them.
Drury denies tho charges and says that
he will be at the meeting of the Legisla
ture next week to meet his accusers.
BRYAN'S HUNTING TRIP.
HefuneM to DIncunn Politic or Qum.
tluiiN of I'uhlie Interest.
GALVESTON, Tex., Dec. 29. William
J. Bryan, accompanied by his son, William
J. Bryan, jr., arrived In Galveston this
forenoon, for a three days' hunting trip
to Lake Surprise, the fish and game pre
serve of Col. William L. Moody, wblth"cr
the party left at 2 o'clock this afternoon.
During Mr. Bryan's brief stay in the city
he was the recipient of many calls from
friends and admirers. He, however, posi
tively declined to be Interviewed upon
any of theJeading questions of the day.
"I am not talking," lie said, "for the
reason thero is not a word to siy. I am
simply down here for three days' duck
hunting, the guest of my friend Colonel
Moody. I have absolutely nothing to soy
regarding national or party Issues. I ex
pect to return Wednesday from Lake Sur
prise and on my return trip I shall mako
speeches at Palestine, Waco, and Sher
man." Mr. Bryan declined to discuss Mr.
Cleveland's letter or express any views
thereon. Speakins of his pa-er, tho "Com
moner." he (aid ho expected to have tho
first Issue out about the mldlc of January;
that ho had received lots of encourage
ment In starting the paper, more, in fact,
than he had anticipated.
1.25 to Ilnltlmore and Iletnrn via
II. & O. .Saturday and Snnday,
December 29 nd 30, pood to return until fo'.low
inz liiandiy. Tickets good on all traim except
TO UNITE REFORM FORCES.
The Purpose of the Popnllst Confer
ence nt St. Lonla.
ST. LOUIS, Mo.. Dec. 29. The People's
Party National Committee met In confer
ence here today, and was In session until
late tonight. National Chairman Joseph
A. Parker, of Louisville, Ky., presided.
There were about fifty persons in attend
ance, and the proxies represented Brought
the total vote up to an even hundred.
Chairman Parker stated the reasons for
the conference wero to endeavor to find
ground upon which all the reform parties
could stand and make common cause
against the two old parties. Instead of
frittering away their strength by tunning
Independent tickets. In bringing about
needed political reforms. Dr. George D.
Herron, formerly a professor In the Iowa
University at Grlnnell, addressed the
delegates on behalf of the Social Democ
racy. Ho said:
"I believe with my friend. Tarker that
the time Is ripe for a great reform move
ment among the mosses. All we have to
do is. to unite the disaffected element.
The people's hearts arc right. Their In
terests prevented them going with the
Democrats. Mr. Bryan is a failure. Ho
Is neither a radical nor a conservative.
We must get together."
After the representatives of the various
parties had been heard a committee was
appointed to draft an address to the peo
ple, setting forth the advantages of union.
Delegates were present from Illinois, Mis
souri, Indiana, South Dakota, Kapsas,
Kentucky, Georgia, Alabama, and Texas.
The sentiment of the meeting seemed
strongly In favor of a coalition of all
the so-called reform forces.
At a late hour tonight the committee
reported four recommendations as fol
lows! First, providing for the submission
to members of the party by referendum
vote of a proposition to change the name
of the organization from the People's
Party to the Populist Party; second and
third, changing the wording of the Cin
cinnati platform, and fourth, the refer
endum vote to bo completed by June.
A committee of Ave was then appointed
to nttend the reform convention at De
troit, Mich- July t, 1901, at which time
the result of the referendum rote will La
announced and the doctrines adopted pro
mulgated. CUMMINGS BREAKS HI&&EG.
The cvv Torlc llepresentntlve linn
a llleycle Accident.
NEW YORK. Dec 29. Representative
Amos J. Cummlngs, who since Christmas
has been on a wheeling trip through Con
necticut, fell from his bicycle near New
Haven this morning and fractured hi3
right leg at tho ankle. Mr. Cummlngs has
not been in the best of health recently and
he took this outdoor trip to see if It
would not improve his condition. He was
riding Into Nevr Haven when he came
to a stretch of asphalt. In making a turn
his wheel slipped and he was thrown to
the pavement. His right leg was doubled
under him and a most painful fracture of
the ankle resulted.
Mr. Cummlngs waa moved to a hotel and.
his leg was put in a cast. Then he took
a train for New York. Before starting he
telegraphed Dr. John H. Girdncr to meet
him with an ambulance at the Grand Cen
tral. -Dr. Glrdner was on hand with the.
ambulance and the Injured man was car
ried to his home, 32 Charlton Street. He
was suffering a greqt deal tonight. Dr.
Glrdner said that he would probablybo
laid up for six weeka.
MILES MAY SPEAK LATER.
Itefnnes to Dlscnss Kx-Seeretnry AI
irer'H AttneU nt Present.
RICHMOND. Va., Dec. 29. Gen. Nelson
A. Miles spent a short time in Goldsboro,
N. C. today on his way to Washington.
Regarding cx-Sccrctary Alger's attack on
him he said:
"Alger waited some two years to make
the attack, and I guess I need -be in no
hurry to reply. The beef question has
been pretty well discussed already hy
the press of the country. I may yet have
something to say of the rottenness of
the whole affair." fS
TO WED A MILLIONAIRE'S SON.
A Vnndev Ille clren to Slurry Harry
XV. 'White, of Cleveland.
CLEVELAND, Ohio, Dec. 29. Mata Mil
ler, a nineteen-year-old vaudeville actress,
will become the bride of Harry W. White,
son of ex-Representativo Yv J. White, mil
lionaire chewing gum manufacturer and
President of the American Bicycle Com
pany. Miss Miller has been a guest at the
White mansion. Lake Avenue, this week.
For several months she has been prepar
ing for her wedding, having left the stage.
She and her elder sister, Katherine, played
under the name of Hamilton.
NO CLEW TO THE MURDERER.
The Body of a Younfr Man Found
Xenr Forty Port. l'n.
WILKESBARRE. Dec. 29. Ambrose
Hawk, of Forty Fort, near here, was
found dead In a lonely spot tonight. He
had been murdered mysteriously and de
spite the efforts of the police they have
been unable to discover any clew. Ho left
his homo last night and was last teen
about 9 o'clock. At midnight, when he
had not returned home, his parents com
menced a search for him. Not until this
evening was his body found. It was some
distance from the road in a lot behind a
store, and there were several bruises and
a bullet wound in the back of the head.
He had not been robbed and there was
nothing to indicate the Causa of the mur
der. Hawk was a young man of good
habits, and was not known to have any
enemies. It is believed that his body was
carried to where it was found, and that
his murderers took It thero some time
during last night. The affair is shrouded
in mystery, which the police are work
ing hard to solve.
THE R-LEASE OF HOWGATE.
Former Army Cnptnlu Leave Alhnny
ALBANY. N. Y.. Dec. 29. Henry TV.
Howgatc, formerly captain and disbursing
officer of tho Signal Cor, 8 of the United
States, who was sentenced to Imprison
ment of eight years In the Albany peni
tentiary for embezzling public funds, was
released from custody last night. By the
allowance for good behavior, he served
but flvo years. His tlm did not expire
until this moruing. but Superinten lent
Corscaddcn set him at liberty last even
lug. Howgato was committed from Wash ng
ton, and""as it is n rule never to cmse
released Federal prisoners to travel on
Sunday, If tholr time expires so that they
cannot reach their destination before that
.inn tl.air or clvpn Iholr freeitnm rl.iv
or so in advince of the expiration of 'heir
Efforts worn roado to have llnwgatc
pardoned so that he would spend Christ
mas with his daughter in Washington,
but tho President refused to interfere
His daughter has been In Albany since
Christmas and met her father In tho of
fice of tho penitentiary when he was re
leased. Howgate was provided with
clothing by his daughter and they left for
Washington last night.
Howgate was rresto in New Yuri
city, where he was conducting a second
hand book store, having escaped arres'
tor several yeanraftcr his crime was dis
The West Point Hazing' Enquiry
Evidence Introduced ShovtliiK Thnt
Hook alluded So 31enl on Acconnt
of Taklnir Tnlmftco Sauce Ex-Cadet
Smith Tell. of "Exercising''
Canlthers' Jaw Broken In n Flcht.
WEST POINT. Dec. 29. The War De
partment court of enquiry has ceased Its
labors so far as West Point Is concerned,
and has adjourned to meet at 10 o'clock on
Monday morning at Governor's Island.
Whether any testimony will be taken at
this Monday morning meeting" or what the
court will do next is as yet uncertain. A
number of names of persons supposed to
have more or Ies information on the sub
ject of the late Cadet Booz'a illness have
bem mentioned, and there are the state
ments of the friends and family of the
late Cadet Breth. of Altoona, Pa.
Whether the War Department court ot
enquiry has decided to include an ex
amination of these persona has not yet
been announced. The strong probability
is that the meeting of the court on Mon
day mcrning will be Ilttlo more than a
conference, at which these points will be
discussed and determined.
The principal witnesses who were ex
amined today were Colonel Heln, the com
mandant of cadets, and Colonel Mills, the
Superintendent of the Academy. Among
the spectators were Mrs. MacArthur,
wife of General MacArthur and mother ot
Cadet MacArthur, and Mrs. Grant, i wife
of Gen. Frederick Dent Grant and" mother
of Cadet Ulysses S. Grant.
Colonel Heln was on the stand when lhe
court adjourneJ at 6 o'clock on yesterday
evening, and he was the first witness
called this morning. His testimony on
Friday afternoon was Important enough,
consisting as It did of a number of of
ficial records and reports bearing on the
standing of young Booz during his career
in the Academy. Horace Booz, brother of
the deceased cadet, had the day before
introduced a scrap cf a letter from young
Booz written wnilo In the midst of hid
troubles. In which he said that nftcr the
tabasco sauce was "forced" down his
throat he had been unable to cat.
The surgeon or the Academy hospital
testified that a person, whole throat wa
injured by taking tabasco sauce or other
fiery condiment to such an extent as to
develop tuberculosis could not have eaten
for some time after taking the d03crnd.
would -have been obliged to go to the
hospital for treatment. The records of
the Academy, produced without comment
by Colonel Hein. showed that Cadet Boor
had never missed a meal while nt the
Academy, reporting regularly for every
breakfast, dinner, and supper, and fur
thermore, that he had never repartei
sick but once, when he wa excused Iron,
one drill because of a. sharp attack ot
Colonel Heln was asked If he ever heard
officers being summoned to take the ante
mortem statements of cadets who had
been hazed, and it he was ever so sum
moned to the hospital to hear complaints
of cadets or take their statements after
theyhad been Injured by hazing. He saldr
"I never was so summoned and never
heard of such a case. I learned by chance
that Cadet Canithers had been Injured in
a fight and was in the hospital. I went to
see him and tried to get him to tell mo
the name of the cadet with whom he had
fought. He refused either to tell tho
name's I asked or to admit that he had
been In a fight. In 1S97 there were flfty
two cases of cadets beings punished for
Interfering with or hazing lower class
men, and In 189S there were 19S such
cases. After the experience of 1897 and
in view of the increase In the number of
cases reported I considered that the pun
ishment for hazing was Insufficient and
I so reported.
"In 1&99, when the severe cases of haz
ing were reported, extraordinary measures
in the way of increasing the sentries and
stationing them In the company streets In
the camp were taken. Further than that,
cadet officers were required to certify on
their reports that they had reported all
cases of interference with fourth class
men that bad come under their notice."
After Colonel Hein had left the stand T.
B. F. Smith, of Carbondale, 111., who bad
been subpoenaed and had come to West
Point to testify, was called. Mr. Smith
had been In the same class with Cadet
Booz. but left the Academy before his first
year was up. Ho had very little to te'l
that had not been told many times before.
Us described ono evening when he and
Booz were called into an upper class man's
tent and there caused to do a number ot
"eagles" and "wooden wtiiles" end oth?r
exercises very familiar by name to the
court of enemlry.
Neither Booz nor Smith was greatly I"s
tressed, nor were they on another occa
sion on which they had been compelled to
go through a number ot other more or
Ies3 viclent performances. Mr. Smith tes
tified that ho was exercised rather more
sev rly than many other members ot bis
class, but felt no 111 effects therefrom
In fact, felt distinctly better In health
when ho left the Academy than wheu ho'
Cadet Canithers was called and told cf
his fight, in which he got his Jaw bioken
and was laid up in the hospital tor two
weeks. He said It was a fair fiht. and
that neither he nor his opponent knew
anything about boxing.
Colonel Mills introduced a mass of
correspondence he had had with the War
Department with reference to breaking
up hazing, including the change in the
wording of the regulation vthlch enabled
cadets to frustrate all attempts at In
vestigation of a specific hazing cases- by
pleading that to testify would incriminate
FOUND SAN" FRANCISCO EASY.
:vcvr York HurKlnrn Secured Plunder
SAN FRANCISCO. Dc 29 Two bur
glars who have confessed t.- 'wo rohicrifs
and are supposed to be nen who 1-ave
committed numerous bur-larics in tho
Western addition durinc :h- past uontn.
have been arrested. They are Eugene
Chorisno and Charles Lowell
Both men said they came here recently
from New York City. They -wero. cap
tured through the discovery of jewelry
they had pawned. Tb men were Identi
fied by four pawnbroVcrs to whom they
had sciu their plunder. In all they tad
pawned Jewelry and silverware vvor'h
Itoosevelt'n Prliatc Seeretnrj .
OYSTER BAY. U L. Dec. 2D Wlll'am
E. Loeb. who acted as stenographer nad
secretary to Governor Roosevelt during
the Presidential campaign. Is to accom
pany tho Governor to Washington as h'.s
secretary, when he Is Inaugurated as Vice
President. Tho announement of tho ss
lection of Mr Loeb as secretary was
made by the Governor trday. The Gov
ern "r le't hi ? home in this village this af
terno f ' Albany.
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