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THE TIMES. WASHINGTON SUNDAY. DFCEMgEK 80, .1.900.
A Popular European Method of
AcriculturnI Societies Intcrcateil lit
tlie Ten The JBcm ( n Xov
cl Artillcinl AVhlrlwIiiiIis First
Introduced in Annlria During the
ICein iif Kiiuire 31nrln Tlu-rri:i.
The practice of "shooting at the clouds"
with cannon or other specially constructed
contriancc8 for the purpose of dispelling
threatened hailstorms is rapidly chauglug
from the odd to the commonplace through
out Europe. In continental newspapers tne
reads at present of tho systematic use of
artificial storm destroyers in almost every
country where agriculture terms the chief
mainstay c prosperity. In many parts of
France, Italy, Germany, and Aus.ria, the
custom has grcirn so extensively that it
often forms an official department of tho
municipalty. In such cases, with the as
sistance of the neighboring landowners
and farmers thorough system hae been
deTlstd, until the elements bac become
so firmly harnessed that it is almost im
possible for them to Inflict injury or de
struction to crops.
Indeed, so widespread is the public in
terest in this valuable aid to agriculture
at present that the leading agricultural
societies have taken up the subject, with
a view to contributing to the means al
ready employed tho results of their mi
nu.e investigation. In Vienna jecentiy a
congress of the members of the meteoro
logical institute was called, at which
the various methods of cloud shooting
wee exhaustively discussed and many new
ca.pcrimer.ls were inspired, which cannot
fall to be of great benefit to the farmers
In the districts peculiarly susceptible to
the ravages of hail-storms.
From the report of the proceedings of
this congress, it seems that the idea of
averting stopns means of cannon shots
Is not a new one in Aunrla. It was first
Introduced during the reign of Empress
Maria Theresa, who issued a decree pro
hibiting the use of cannon by the peas
antry shortly after the adoption of the
In time, however, this decree was over
ruled, and in the year 1S96 the burgo
master of Windtsh-Feistritz, in Styrla,
again Introduced the method In Austria,
substituting in place of the ordinary can
non a new weapon. This consisted of a
funnel-shaped barrel of sheetlron six and
one-halt feet long, and seventy-nine cent
meters 26.8 inches) in diameter at the
muzzle and twenty centimeters (7.S
Inches) at the base. The idea of the broad
muzzle was to distribute the discharge
over greater space and thus Increase the
effect. So successful were the results at
tained by the burgomaster's experiments
that in 1S97 the municipality of Windish
Felstritz counted no less than thirty
shootlng stations; since when there have
been no hailstorms whatever in that lo
cality. Nowhere, however, has cloud shooting
found such general usage as in the vicini
ty of Venice. Lombardy, and Piedmont,
districts that formerly suffered fearfully
from the dettructlvcness of hailstorms.
During the summer of last year there were
at least 2.00 stations, built on the plan cf
those constructed in Styria. At a congress
held a short time ago in Castle Monferra
to it was found that in numerous locali
ties, where shooting stations had not been
Introduces, iailstorms were still ot ire
qurnt occurrence, causing immense dam- ;
age to crcps and property, whereas the .
districts protected by artificial means were '
entirely free from loss from such causes. J
In a speech delivered before the A'ienna j
meteorological institute In Vienna a few j
weeks ago. Burgomaster Stiger, the origi-
nator of the present method, gave some i
Interesting facts regarding his first expe- J
riments with the cloud-shooting cannon. )
H began his experiments with the fun
damental principle of disturbing the intent--
stillness preceding a hailstorm, in
view ot the established fact that there is
no physical reason why sound waves should
exercise an effect on the formation of hail,
Stiger determined that It would be neces
sary to confine his operations to creating
a form of whirlwind.
An official trial In 1807, conducted Ly
an expert, demonstrated that after the
firing of a thot a small whirlwind arises,
ccslly perceptible in the reflected sun
shine. This whirlwind ascends with a
piercing whistle, the sound lasting for
thirteen seconds in daytime and twenty
seconds at night. During this experiment
It was noticed that a swallow which flew
within tba radius of one of these whirl
winds Instantly dropped dead. On exami
nation, the bird had the appcaran-c ot
The mcchanlral energy created by the
wind thus produced, upon which Stiger ;
laid great stress, found few supporters
In Europe until at the congress in Cas
ftle, Italy, a Professor Roberts reported
that at a distance of 240 feet the wind i
had destroyed a strong diaphragm. There- !
after several experiment held at St Ca- j
therlne demonstrated that the whirlwind
-tt-KR ttiR main if not the sole atrent In di
It is calculated that these artificial ,
whirlwinds carry their energy to a height '
of 1,000 to 2,000 yards, thus accounting
lor their effect on the clouds. As regards
the creation of the wind, explanation is
that the air circulating in the mouth of .
the funnel Is set In motion by the explo- i
slon ot the powder and hurled forth in '
a ball that expands upon leaving the fun- i
nel, until Its full force is reached some '
distance overhead. In actual operation ,
rapid firing is avoided. Its effect being to
diminish the force of the wind. The
shooting must be done during the quiet
preceding the storm. Only quick matches
or fuses should be used, percussion caps
and similar Inventions being barred.
(From the Indianapolis Press.)
'!Kr jou remimber that counly fair premium
lUt I ot out when we were not living so well as
wc re nowf akcd the successful author.
'V, dear," answered Ills wile. "What of it?"
"I want to know If jou have a copy of it
among sour keeptakes. 1 hae Jwt recehed an
offer, with rood bit of money fit it, for the
Influenza Cold in the Head
Is an Inflammation of the lining mem
brane of the nose. Commences with ting
ling, itching, and dryness of the nostrils,
followed by a watery or mucus discharge:
frequent cneezing; dull pain and sense of
n eight in the forehead; Increased recretlon
of tears; occasional chilliness, and Fever.
If not arrested, the Catarrh spreads to
the throat and respiratory organs, attended
with Hoarseness, Sore Throat, Tickling
Cough, and Oppressed Breathing.
CHECKED CIRCULATION, the cause uf
nearly all Colds, produces these symptoms;
the we of "77" starts the blood tingling
through the veins until It reaches the ex
tremities, when the feet warm up and the
Cold Is brol.cn. At all druggitts, 25c. or
it:NJ;?,prCUtf i,d,tlon of Dr- "umphreji
Manual of all diseases, mailed free
Humphreys' Homeopathic Medicine Co
corner William and John Streets, Nw
A LETTER BY CHARLES LAMB.
"Written n Iflit J'byKloliui AflVr it
(From the tandon Times.)
The new number of "Tne Lawjcr" con
tains many Interesting features, and among
tnem an excellent installment of "Memo
ries of the Temple and of Its Inmates," by
Hugh H. L. Bellot. barrister-at-law, that
includes a hitherto unpublished letter'by
Charles Lamb to his physician at Edmon
rton, from which we make the following
"It is an observation of a wise man that
'moderation is best in all things. I can
not agree with hiin 'In liquor.' There is a
smoothness and oillness in wine that makes
It go down by a natural channel which I
an positive was made for that descending.
Else, why does not wine choke us? Could
nature have made that eloping lane not to
facilitate tho downgoing? She dots nothing
In vain. You know that better than I. You
know how often she has helped you at a
dead lift, and how much better entitled
Ebe Is to a fee than yourself sometimes
when you carry off the credit. Still, thero
is something due to manners and customs,
and I should apologize to you and Mrs. A.
for being absolutely carried home upon a
man's shoulders through Silver Street, up
Parson'a Lane, by the chapels (which
might have taught mo better), and then to
be deposited like a dead log at Gaffar
Westwood's, who, it seemB, does not 'in
sure' against intoxication. Not that the
mode of conveyance Is objectionable.
"On the contrary, it Is more easy than
a one-hoise chaiBe. Ariel, in The Tcmp
ptst, says 'On a bat's back do I lly
after sunset merrily.' Now, I take it that
Ariel must sometimes have stayed out
late of nights. Indeed, he pretends that
"where the bee tucks there lurks le"
as much as to say that his suction is as
innocent as that little (but damnably
stinging when he is provoked) winged
creature. But I take it that Ariel was
fond of metheglin. of which the bees are
notorious brewers. But. then, you will
say, what a shocking sight to see a middle-aged
gentleman and a half riding
upon a gentleman's back up Parson's
Lane at midnight. Exactly the time for
that sort of conveyance, when nobody
can see him uobody but heaven and his
own conscience. Now, heaven makes
fools, and don't expect much from her
own creation; and as for conscience, she
and I have long since come to a compro
mise. I have given up false modesty,
and she allows me to abate a little of the
true. 1 liko to lie liked, but I don't care
about being respected. My sis
ter has begged me to write an apology
to Mrs. A. and you for disgracing your
party. Now, it does .seem to me that I
rather honored your party, for every
one that was not drunk (and one or two
of the ladies, I'am sure, were not) must
have been set off greatly In the contrast
to me. L was the scapegoat. The so
berer they seemed."
LAKES FAST DRYING UP.
ArvuK Tlint .Ire Deficient In llreep.
tlfillM of Itnln.
(From the New York Sun.)
Lieut. O. Olufsen, of the Danish army,
has recently completed his Becond Berles
of explorations in Central Asia and par
ticularly on the lofty Pamir plateau,
whero he first began his studies In 16.
He says that In the past few- years th
quantity of water in the Turkestan and
Bokhara has notably diminished A num
ber of oases that were cultivated vith
much success sevral years ago have now
been abandoned because the streams that
rendered their irrigation 'pohsible have
dried up.. This phenomenon Is particular
ly prominent along the little rivers that
feed the Syr Daria and the Amu DarU,
whoso sources arc among the highlands
of tho Pamirs.
The quantity of snow on the Pamirs Is
decreasing on account of the rapid erosion
of the soft Bchlslose rocka which form the
ridges, the filling up of the vallojn and
the increased average velocity of the
wind. With high winds blowing over a
surface that Is now more level than for
merly, the snows which fed tht lakes, the
Bourcea of these rivers that helped to give
fertility to Turkestan and Bokhara, blow
away In large part, and tho result la that
the lakes arc much smaller than formerly.
He mentions In particular the Yechil
Kui, or lake, which was formerly at least
200 kilometers about 120 miles. In cir
cumference. The lake Is cow only about
forty miles In circumference. Par,ls of It.
however, still exist as HtUe lukvit cut off
from the main lake in (he lower parts of
the former bed occupied by tho Yechil Kul
when it was one unbroken sheet of water.
This lake, however. Is not one of the feed
ers of the river, for It is a salt lake:
A somewhat similar story comes fro
MEMORY OF ALGERISM.
South Africa with regard to the famous
Lake Ngaml, discovered by Livingstone
more than fifty years ago. The dc-ssication
of Lake Ngaml has made extremely rapid
progress in the past ten or twelve years.
When Livingstone reached the lake In ISM
he found a sheet of water with an area of
about SCO kilometers. Tho lake has now
entirely disappeared. Its old bed is a low
lying plain covered with Jungle, with Email
areas of boggy Jand here and there, but not
a vestige of water surface to be seen.
The Okawango River, once the outlet of
I the lake, is entirely dry for some twenty
miles from rgami, where It begins to
gather wafer again. Formerly many na
tives lived around the edges of the lake
and raised a great deal of grain there. But
culture now Is Impossible, as there is no
water to irrigate tho crops, and the result
Is that the numerous villages around the
lake have been abandoned. Only a com
paratively few herders of cattle still live
where In the flourishing days of Lake
Ngaml there was a large population.
HAROLD WAS HIE NAME.
A Youth' Experience ou Meeting- iiii
(From the New York Sun.)
Among the men and women waiting at
the White Star pier for the steamship Ma
jestic 'o land her passengers on Thurs
day night was a young man whose first
name was Harold. With him were three
other men all waiting to greet friends.
In the course of conversation Harold ex
plained to them that he was waiting for
a young English girl, a great friend of
his eldest sister, and as he had not laid
eyes on her for almost ten years, when she
was a girl of sixteen, lie was not quite
hure how he wa3 going to identify her.
A few moments later the ship drew up
alongside the pier and the passengers, as
they recognized their friends on the
wharf, began to shriek out delightedly
as only returning voyagers can. Sudden
ly, like a bolt out of Abe blue sky to ibis
particular young man, came a shout from
the Bh.71 of "Harold! Harold, darling. My
sweetheart! Look at me, Harold, dear."
The young man Jumped about three feet
In tho air, turned as red as a Shanley lob
ster, and muttered a cordial oath under
his breath. His three friends were in
fits. Th.re was a moment's calm and then
one of his friends observed very quietly.
"I tay, Harold, for a girl whom you
haven't seen for ten years that young lady
la doing as well as can be expected."
"But I tell you, my dear fellow " ex
"I say. Harold," Interrupted Friend No.
2. "doesn't It strike you that for an En
glish girl your sister's friend is rather a
"Hang it! I tell you I scarcely know
her," cried Harold, with tears of rage in
hio eyes. "If a fool of a woman wants
to ". But at that moment the "Har
old" cries broke out again. This time It
was "Harold, my precious. Harold, sweet
est. Look at me here I am." But liar
old wouldn't look. Instead he turned his
head and would have flown had not his
friends. murmuring something about
'That ain't the proper way to treat a
lady," laid restraining hands upon hira
and held hira fast. This time, however,
Harold was in a boiling rage. lie wench
ed hlmrclf free, and, remarking that he
would see his sister's friend in any old
place before he'd stop to meet her, was
Just about to make a hasty exit, when
MUddenly a three-year-old child, waving a
tiny American, flag, lifted up Us voice and
"Here I am, mommy. Here's your Har
old." A great shout of laughter went up
from the entire group. The young man
ruihed forward and, addressing the man
who was with the child, remarked:
"I beg jour pardon, but it your kid's
"Why, jes," laughed the father, "I've
brought him down here to meet his iroth
er." "Thank Heaven!" murmured the young
man fervently; "I thought that woman
was shouting at me."
lCf.fplnif t'p With til. I'mrennlun.
Tlie Farmer Will, what' new in teoun, any-
Tiic l'ot-tmatter Olil ain't much doin' in leOAii.
Hear 'liout Iem Kiffles gltthi' j teli-Krain la't
Tlie Farmer Xot I-em?
The Poaliiiaoter v. i, Ltm j
The Fanner I want to know, fleata all how
tlie yoinij Jeliira i forf-in' to tlie front, I de
clare. Her View of It.
(From the Detroit Free l'reta-.)
Kate 1 Wouldn't .narry him if he were the lat
nun on earth.
Jane I would.
Kite What tor, I'd like to know?
Jao Ob, Juct to spite all the other womtm.
BONES HELD AS SECUBITY.
Wlij- Ileinnliix of Certain CcIcHtlnln
Arc- Dctu(ned On America.
(From the au Frartiseo Chronicle.)
A Hen upon' the? whitened bones of 267
deceased Mongolians Is the gruesome se
curity held by tlia city of San Jose In the
vaults at the, Oak 'Hill Cemetery for tho
paynunt of ISe7pe'f-'Tieia on tho dead Chi
nese. - - -
Same twenty years ago a- plot In the
southwest corner of Oalr Hill Cemetery
was net aEido by legal enactment as the de
pository for dead Chinese. Up to date 327
Orientals have found there a resting place.
A superstition common to all the follow
ers of Confucius leads every Chinese to
desire that his bones shall finally be gath
ered to the eepulchre of bis fathers.
So thoroughly Is this imbued 'in the race
that every live Chinese seeks to carry
out the last wish of his deceased friends
that his bones, in turn, may receive the
same attention when his time comes to
Join the "silent majority." In keeping
with this racial custom the friends and
fraternal connections elf most of the de
ceased Celestials took Ucps some time
ago to secure the disinterment of the
bodies resting in Oak Hill and have them
shipped bark to their native soil. A con
tract was mado with the Oak Hill Im
provement Company for their disinter
ment. The Chinese themselves set up a
witches' cauldron" in which to boil,
clean, and whiten the bones. The graves
gave up their dead, the ghostly kettle
steamed and boiled, and one by one from
the cauldron was taken the bones. These ,
were deposited in tin boxes, which being
hermetically scaled, were deposited in the
vault to await shipment.
About this itme the city fathers saw fit
to pass an ordinance empowering the
Board of Health to charge a fee of $1.50
for every certificate of disinterment
granted. In common with all other cities
It has always been the law to require such
a certificate to prevent the removal of any
body affected with a contagious disease,
but no fee had formerly been charged.
This law applied equally to white, black, I
or yellow persons, and no trouble was ex
perienced in its enforcement until this
wholesale removal ot Chinese occurred.
Now come the friends of the deceased,
and, through their attorney, protest
against the payment of the fee and threat
en If It is enforced to carry it Into the
Federal courts and seek to break down
The city sees no reason, however, why
thu fee ehouhl not be collected, and It Is
holding aB security the bones of 2G7 Chi
nese for tho payment of $100.;0. The
funds of tho board aro low at this time,
and they are not disposed to issue 267
certificates without a eonslderntlon.
And so it comes, to pass that tho Cem
etery Improvement Company holds in es
crow 2C7 tin boxes, eighteen by thirty
Inches, containing nil that remains of as
many loyal tubjectc qf the Empress Dow
ager. A ONE-ABMBD WONDEB.
I'eniiHj Ivmilnu ,VJi" 1!i4-n
Wrll.-x Vllliout HunilH.
(From the W. Iouis Star.)
Abraham Myert,ofaIIanovcr. Pa., is a
good-penman though he has no hands, and
an expert boxer) litaut fists.
Both of his hajJi wpre blown off twen-ty-fivc
years agq by a, premature blast at
a stone quarry wnen hq was. a boy. To save
his lire it was netessary to amputate both
aims near the et'wsi'
During the period of his convalescence
ho read a book on tbif lives of telf-made
nisn. and. encourged'hy their example, ho
determined to make (lie most of life. He
attended Echool oh'rr'covery and prepared
himself for a teacher. He began his life
work at once, and has beer, a successful
teacher in the public schools of York and
Lancaster counties for fourteen years.
Here are a few of Myers' accomplish
ments: He Is an excellent penman, hold
ing tho pen betwen tho endi of his arms.
He Is an accurate marUman. He plays
pool and bllllardB well. He Is known as
an expert with the boxing gloves, and is
always ready for a bout
Myers handles a gun deftly, and when
he llres at a target pulls the trigger by
means of a leather throng attached to it.
This he holds In his teeth.
Myers says he wore a pair of false hands
ence, but "only for appearence's rake," he
The orcatlon for his unusual display -.-as
his wedding. He Is popular In Hanover,
and takf-e an active part In the politics
of the county. He is secretary of two local
societies, and his books are said to be
models of neatness.
TBICKS 017 SWINDLEBS.
Favorite l'lnnx for Secnrlnit Cnnli
From. Unvtnry Oiivm.
'(From the Chicago Tribune.)
If it is true that there is nothing new
under the sun. It is not tho fault of tho
hojats.of meiK.and women who make their
living by the exercise of their wits and
the lack of exei-isc of wits of other peo
ple. Devoting their talent to the inven
tion and contrivance on swindling devices,
they succeed at least in proving that the
ancient!' bad many of these, for they pro
duce with wonderful ease schemes that are
new to Chicago police and to those of oth
er cities. And when they found a scheme
that can be worked successfully it becomes
for the nonce the "fad" of their kind, and
is used by many in States as widely dlvcr
gtnt as Maine and California.
At present there is a somewhat slack
time among the swindlers in the big cities.
Confidence men have gone West with the
fakirs. Those who havo been left behind,
however, are keeping the police busy with
variations of the "coupon" swindle.
Where this originated, or In what form It
was uscu, docs not appear. In the main it
is worked on this way: A concern ad
vertises to give some valuable concession
or "merchandise for a few cents or even
for nothing and publishes tho advertise
ment widely. A person looking for some
thing foi nothing something which is
hard to find is sent a letter In reply en
closing a number of coupons in a book
Bcmetimes three, sometimes as high as five
or ten. He Is to pay, perhaps 5 cents for
tho coupons. Each of these he is to sell
to a friend, for say, 50 cents, and when
he has sohfall three pnd sent themontyjto
tho firm he receives the goods. ' he latter
are usually of such sort that 3 profit of
several hundred per rtnt is nade from
then. The coupons, which arc sold to tho
first purchaser entitle each of his friends
to another book of coupons which they can
sell lit similar manner, thus getting their
own money back and another package of
tho goods. In the end the proprietors,
when they have sent out a sufficient num
ber of coupons and returns begin to slack
up, disappear without redeeming outstanding-
"The swindle bobbed up in Chicago not
long ago as a method of buying street car
tickets. A concern advertised to zell
street car tickets on any line at the rate
ot Z worth for 30 cents. It was done by
coupons. Immediately some one else got
on to the scheme and started in the busi
ness, and in a few weeks there were
many of the chains formed. Then com
plaint was made to the police, and on In
vestigation by detectives the concerns
were shut down. Driven out of tho ticket
business, however,, they did not abandon
their plan, but began workirg in other
fields.- Ther-subsiltnted gloves for tick
ets, and offered articles worth Sl.f.0 for
about a nickel. Detectives have been as
signed to this form of swindle, and spend
the greater part of their time ferreting
out tho many forms in which it is found.
The matrimonial agency swindle Is as
old as the oldest, but has bobbed up anew
latHiy with great vigor. Advertisements,
inserted in papers all over the country,
call attention to the statement that a
young woman with a big fortune Is look
ing for a nice, agreeable husband..
The young men who want to try for tho
job write to an address in New York, St.
Louis, or Chicago the concern seems to
have several ofiices and get a reply ask
ing for twenty cents In" Stamps to pay
postage on a description ,ot the damsel
and a chance at the lottery for her band.
When he has anted this amount he is again
asked to contribute $5 for membership In
the matrimonial club-which is exploiting
the' damsel. And when he has done this
he finds that some one else has captured
the maldennnd Jefthlm nothing but the
sell. The device is "an old one, but it is
perennial, and Just now.Js being worked
"I don't believe I ever saw swindlers
harder up for Schemes," said Captain Col
leran, chief of Chicago's detective force,
when asked what new games the sharp
ers arc playing on an' unsuspecting pub
lic. "There seems to be a dearth of abil
ity to devise, .swindles, nnd they are all
sticking to two or three old games. That
cotipon Bwlndle, which Is being worked to
death, is the only reasonably new thing
they have got. They ought to know by
this Utne .that it is s.imply; puts for us to
run down an old game like that."
A NEW AFBICAN TEIBE.
The UUcovery of a Dlntliictix e- Ituce
(From the London Chronicle.)
Sir Clements R. Markham, President of
the Rijyal Geographical Society, deliv
ered his customary address at the open
ing cf the session last night to an In
Dr. Donaldson Smith, in the course of
an Interesting leclure. described a new
tribe, he had discovered the Magols.
They have the heavy build and large
features, with high cheek bones, or the
Soudanese, and. above all. the lines of
raised tattooing on their cheeks that Is
so typical of (he people about the Nile.
Dr. Smith thinks It not unlikely that
they are a branch of the Dlnkas. wno.
perhaps, being driven from the Kobit by
the Neurs, put the desert f.oeween them
selves and their persecutors. They beem
to care principally for smi.ll beads, and
work tbcm In gorgeous patterns on leath
er plaques, wijh which the warriors adorn
their massive headdreps.
The most outre of our fashionable
young men can'never abpire to the height
of the collar worn by some of the Magois.
Their collar of beads throws the chin
high up In the air, and their locks are
dono up In a great chiffon, composed prin
cipally of clay covered with ostrich feath
ers. Parallel lines of raised tattooing en
the chest and nbdomen, leopard's fckins
hung over the back, and a. bell hung on
a slender cord around the waist help to
enrich the men's appearance.
Thcy are the only people Dr. Smith has
ever seen wearing a zebra's tall suspend
ed from the elbows. Many of the younger
girls have attractive features and pretty
figures. The worst burden they havo to
carry in life seems to be the countless
necklaces of beads which spread over
their bosoms to the waist and the large
bracelets and anklets of ivory, brass, and
iron. Their hair is shaved above the ears
and cut fairly close on top of tho head.
MRS. IHBIG'S OIL STRIKE.
Vrllluri'niiic "Went Vlrftlliln "Woiuiln
Who In MnUlliir )T,000 11 "Week.
(From .the Sew York Sun.) .
West Virginia oil developments ot tho
past few vtecltB have produced what the
operators arc pleased to call an "oil
queen." She is Mrs. Mary Ihrig, former
ly or Sistervllle, now living in the Tyler
County field, whero her venturesome spirt
and good luck netted her an oil Income
that has been averaging about $7,000 a
week tor a month. Mrs. Ihrig was form
erly engaged In the shoo business at Sl
terville, and it was while living in that
busy town of oil and oil machinations
that aho developed the speculative fever.
Her shoe business was not very success
ful and she began to dabble in oil. Sev
eral small ventures are said to have net
ted her enough to make her confident and
willing to undertake the development of
the most uncertain "wildcat" territory in
the State. She secured, cuutiol of a largo
slice of new territory in the upper end of
Tyler County, and regardless ot the hoail
shakes and discouraging words of her
friends she went Into the field for active
operations. Several months ago she con
tracted for the drilling of a well on her
laud. A berles of mlithaps prevented the
completion of the Job until De .ember 4,
when the drill touched a pocket iif oil and
a small gusher resulted. The flow was
pretty heavy at first, but has since settled
down to about 230 barrels a tUy, with
uvery probpect that the output will be
Tho strike Is the opening wedgo in ter
ritory that will prove to be very valu
able. Mrs. Ibrig Is preparing to put down
other wells Just as soon as rigging can
bo hauled to her property. Tho woman
speculator has fixed upon several Bpots
upon which her agents will begin drilling
as coon as possible. She has purchased a
handsome home at Parkersburg and will
likely direct her new Interests from that
To Prove What the World-famous Discovery,
Swamp-Root, Will Do for YOU, Ml Our Readers
May Have a Sample Bottle Free by Mail.
Weak and unhealthy kidneys are re
sponsible for more sickness and suffering
than any other disease, and if permitted to
continue fatal results arc sure to follow.
The kidneys filter and ourify the blood
that is their work.
So when your kidneys nro weak or out
of order jou can understanl how quickly
your entire body Is affected, and how every
organ seems to fail to do its duty.
Among the many cures of Dr. Kilmer's
Swamp-Root, the great kidney, liver, and
bladder remedy. Investigated br Tho
Times, the ones which we publish hls
week for the benefit of our readers speak
!n tho highest terms of the wonderful
curative properties of this great remedy.
Dei Jioincs, Iowa. Oct. So, 1)0.
I had been out of health for a lone time,
ami I was talins medicine from a dor tor's
prescription when I received jour saaiple bot
tle. I stopped takin; the doctor's medicine.
and u-d tlie samplo bottle of Swamp-Itoot.
I afterward took two of your large iiottle.
and it cured mc entirely, and I Iiavr not felt
no well for years. I thank ou very mueh
for 5endirg me the sample bottle.
B. Vt. slirrir, ls21 Centre St. 1
V!inn n tVnmon ,Irs- H- N- Wheeler, of 117 High Rock Street. Lynn,
""". u "UHlall Maes., writes on November 2. WOO: "About IS months ago I
SflVS Of ka(1 a- cry severe attack of grip. I was extremely sick for
c r i three weeks, and when I finally was able to leave my bed I
OWamp'KOOl. wa3 left with excruciating pains In my back. My water at
tims looked very like coffee. I could pass but little at a
time, and then only after suffering great pain. My physical condition was sach
that I hail no strength and wa all run down. The doctors said my kidneys were
not alfectcd, but I felt certain that they were the cause of my trouble. My sister,
Mr&. C. H. LIttlcfield, of Lynn, advised me to give Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root a trial.
I procured a bottle from my druggist, and found it a very pleasant medicine to
take-, and Inside of three days commenced to get relief. I followed up that bdttle
with another, and at the completion of thl3 one found 1 was completely cured. My
strength returned, nnd today I am as well as ever. My business Is thai ot can
vasser. I am on my feet a great deal ot the time, and have to use much energy In
getting around. My cure is therefore all the more remarkable and Is exceedingly
gratifying to mc. MRS. H. N. WHEELER."
If jou are sick or "feel badly," begin
taking the famous new discovery. Dr. K1I-
mer's Swamp-Root, because as soon as
ycur kidneys aro well they will help all
the other organs to health. A trial will
convince you and you may have a sample
bottle free for the asking.
When your kidneys are not doing their
work, some of the symptoms vhich prove
it to you are pain or dull ache in the
back, excess of uric acid, gravel, rheu
matic pains, sediment In the urine, scanty
supply, rcaldlng Irritation in passing It,
obliged to go often during tho day and to
get up many times during the night to
empty the bladder; sleeplessness, nervon9
Irritability, dizziness, irregular heart,
breathlessness, sallow, unhealthy complex
ion, puffy or dark circles under the ryes,
loss of ambition, general weakness, and
Swamp-Rcot is used in the leading hos
pitals, recommended by physicians In
their private practice, and Is taken by
doctors tbemtelves who have kidney ail- ; chaae the regular 50-cent and 51 size bot
ments, because they recognize In It the ' ties at the drug stores everywhere
O'CONNELL'S EAST CASE.
The Grent InvverM Defe-nee of Al
Ieitcil ConNpira torpf.
(From Youth's Companion.)
Daniel O'Conncll. the great Irish tgita
tor, was in his lifetime scarcely less fa
mous in law than in politics. He was
a marvelous advocate, but he was justly
accused of using unfair means to procure
verdicts. He would blarney or bully as
the case seemed to require; he would
mimic, he would declaim, he would de
nounce, he would resort to dramatic sur
prises and clever traps anything to suc
ceed. His excuse was his warm heart and
the terrible severity of the times, which
made him desperately anxious to save his
clients from punishment, and often
scarcely less so when he himself believed
them guilty than when they were inno
cent. It was the day of little discrimina
tion, less mercy, and much hanging and
transportation; and O'Conncll disapprov
ed capital punishment. A recent article
by Michael MacDonagh gives a thrilling
account of Counselor O'Conncll's last
case; that of the "Doneraile conspiracy."
An unnonular Irish magistrate had teen
murdered, and the resulting investigation
uneanncu a conspiracy to kui several op
pressive local magistrates. One hundred
and fifty persons were indicted, and were
to be tried in three batches.
In the uefence- of the tint batch
O'Connell was not engaged, and they were
all convicted and sentenced, lads and aged
men together, "to execution within the
week. The remaining prisoners and their
friendr, seized with panic, sent nn ur
gent message from Cork to Darrynanc,
ninety miles away, and O'Connell hast
ened to the rescue.
There was not a moment to spare, as
the Judge had refused to delay the open
ing of the second trial for his arrival
Traveling in a light gig. with relays or
horses, and scarcely stopping for rest or
food, O'Connell traversed the frightful
Kerry roads at full speed, and at length
arrived in the courthouse square Cogging
his exhausted horse, which dropped dead
between the shafts as he descended,
hailed by a crowd of thousands with wild
shouts. "He's come! He's come!"
Amid a frantir uproad of cheers, ho
wa3 swept into the courtroom, where the
opposing lawyer, Mr. Doherty, was ad
dressing tho Jury.
The solicitor general turned white. The
cloud of despair lifted from the faces
of the prisoners in the dock. O'Connell
at once bowed to the judges, and apol
ogized for not appearing in wig and gown.
He also craved permission to refresh him
self in court. A bowl of bread and milk
was brought, and as he ate, a young bar
rister ou either side of him poured into
each ear an account of all that had been
done, and how tlie case stood.
It was a 'contrast, the big, massive
counselor snatching his hasty breakfast,
and the graceful, aristocratic Mr. Doh
erty talking in the most refined way to
the court. As ho laid down a doctrine of
law, O'Connell, with marked contempt,
cried out with his mouth full of brea'd
and milk. "That's not law!"
Again and again he Interrupted, but al
ways the decision of the judges, upheld
him and affirmed tho error of bis antag
onist. He was still more successful when
the witnesses fell into his hands for cross
examination. They told, or tried to tell,
the same story upon which the former
prisoners had been convicted, but O'Con
nell so bpdgered, tripped, and terrified
them that their evidence went helplessly
"WIsha, thin," cried one of them hys
terically, visibly trembling. "Cod knows
'tis little I thought I'd meet you here
this day. Counselor O'Connell! May the
Lord save mo from you!"
Tho Jury could not agree, although lock
ed up and starved for a day and u half.
Nor wcro the accused tried again, for
ihr. tMnl lmtrh hnvinir rpeplved mean
while a full acquittal, tho Government I
despaired of conviction, and they were '
discharged, while the sentence of the
unfortunates already condemned to bo
hanged was c r-mutrd to transportatloi
A Wntttril .Morn! Leimin.
(From the Ceelnd Plain Dialer.)
"Don't forget, my dear boy." said the (ond
falliir who saw an opcnlnz for a little useful ad
vice, "d..n't forcct that 'rich gifts wax pocr
whun Biters prove unkind.'"
Tlie bo M-emed to strtijule to catch hw par
ent's weaninc Then lie smiled.
"That'a riilit, dad." he cried; "mil sifts wav
poor e-iica out of sUhtt"
(From the IndisnapolLx Prcii-i.)
Hill (hi! Bite Eer go tiiroiish a railroad col
.il n.i. .Tnni.li Vair. Dest ever I done was M
go throuzh the passengers after the collision.
D. Yv SMITH.
I greatest "3Tfd moat successful. remedy-tbat
1 science ues ever been able to compound.
T-n n avb ita arnnif 011! i.llll
Sample tive properties, send your
Rniln name and address to Dr. KU
DU I lit. mer & Co Blnghamton, '. Y.,
FrCC "wne11 l"ou w"l receive, free of
all charge, a sample bottle of
Swamp-Root and a valuable book by mall,
prepaid. This book contains many ot the
thousands upon thousands of testimonial
letters received from men and women who
owe their good health, in fact, their very
lives, to the wonderful curative properties
of this world-famou9 klclney remedy.
Swamp-Root Is pleasant to take, and is so
remarkably successful that those at our
readers who have not already trieel it are
advised to write for a sample bottle, and
to be sure and mention reading this gen
erous offer' In The Washington Sunday
Swamp-Root U pleasant to takr. and If
you are already convinced tiat this great
i remedy U wDat you need, you can pur-
A HEW FIRE ALARM.
An Anto Mavliine That Proline?, Its
A new variety of electric Are alarm has
been produced in which no batteries are
used. The system Is Intended for small
town3 and cities and Is very UirJroughly
worked out. In each alarm box is a mag
neto machine, similar to that used in
connection with the telephone as a call
bell, which Is connected "wjth 'a powerful
clock spring through appropriate' cams
and levers so that when the box is open
ed by means of a key the armature of the
magneto machine receives a definite suc
cession of short, quick half-turns. Each
of these sends out over the circuit in
which the box is connected an impulse
ot electrical current which may be ot con
siderable power. This is received in the
usual way on gongs and registers.
To complete the system an Ingenious
line tester Is used; normally, when every
thing is In proper order, all the circuit is
closed, but no current is flowing in It. If
this circuit should be opened at any point
the boxes would not work, so the tester
is used to send out, every two or three
minutes, as may be desired, small Im
pulses of current to ascertain the condi
tion ot the line. Its mechanism is very
similar to that of the box. Upon the ar
mature ot a magneto machine Is suspend
ed a weight which is wound up by clock
work and released at short "intervals.
This apparatus Is connected into the line,
and it everything is In good working order
the resistance encountered by the arma
ture of the magneto when the weight is
freed causes the latter to descend slowly.
Should, however, the circuit be open, the
weight drops quickly and rings In an
alarm for open Jine.
Win, Morefand & Co.,
"Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Also Salt and Smoked Fish of
332 to 339 Centre Market
World Famous Marfanl Tonic
THE EVIDENCE submitted clearly proves
that the medical profession as well as all
who have used Vin Marlani pronounce It
uncqualed, absolutely reliable and .safe.
All Druggists. Refuse Substitutes.
PAWPCD CCltED AT IIOMF. by Internal
UHrtULn treatment, no knife, plaster or
piln. Book and Testimonial mailed FUEE. CAJf
CElt IXSTITL'TE. lit V tid St.. X. Y. ocT-Su-oit
Popularity, If Continued.
b based on merit. Warner's Safe Cure merit tu
pcpulartty for diseases of the kidneys and liver.
Powderg never tall.
iffe stud rar lstfr tm
Vz. 3. T. -h'-iOi, ltcvcrc, ikwtua, Mtu
Th Saxony Wool
Jackets and Swontors
We're Dfcn linpuris Mr
SS Yeir .Arc Itefomincvl
rt by riryait Uns for Krp
ire iity i I'nifonn Tem
perature. orn L'rwliT
Cuat, they Save Overcoat;
With Drridrdlr U"e Com
fort and Mmli Lest Kt
liwWe ta $... Mrn'a,
fjiH and Boys.
C. AUERBACH, 7 &. H,
The Knit Jacket anJ Sweater Specialist
lloirestlc "-cuine Ihulilnes. "Phone i.