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Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, August 06, 1862, Image 1

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BY S. J. ROW.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST C, 1802.
VOL. S.-NO. -19.
THE SOLDIER TO HIS MOTHER.
BV TUUMAft MACBfttAn.
A'm my littt brother and sisters, and tell them I
died Jor my country."
f)a tho Gold of battle, mother,
All the night alone 1 lay.
Angels watching o'er me, mother,
Till the breaking of the da jr.
1 1ijr (hiukin of you, mother,
Ami the loving ones at home,
Tilllo unr dear oottngo, mother,
l,oj aguin I atctii'ii to oome.
Jlr. to whom you taught me, mother,
On my infant knee to pray,
Kent my heart from fainting, mother.
When the vlnion pass'd awny.
In the gray of morning, mother,
Comrades bore me to the town ;
From my bosom tender fingers
Warh'd tho blood that trickled down.
1 niunt soon be going, mother,
t'olng to the home of rent ;
Kiss me ait of old, my mother,
l'rc me nearer to your bronat,
Would I could repay you, mother,
Koryour faithful love and caro ;
tiod uphold and blew you. mother,
In this bitter woe you bear.
Kiei for mo uiy little brother,
KIm my idMcrs, loved o well :
When you nit together, inothor.
Tell them how their brother foil.
. Tell tin' in tl e story, mother,
When I sleep beneath the rod,
That I died to save my country
All from love to her and God.
Leaning on the merit, mother,
Of the One who died for all.
I'eaoe is in my bottom, mother,
lliirk ! I hear the angels call !
lon't you hear them singing, mother '
J.iHtoii to the inusio'i swell !
, No I leave you. loving mother
Uod be with you fare you we 11.
KOW THE EEEEL8 KUST BE TREATED.
BV A DEMOCRAT.
Tlie following letter from Col. J. S. Wilcox
of tlio Illinois 5:M rcgimont, was read at a war
meeting, held in Elgin ou Monday July 28th.
Col. Wilcox was a "conservative" Democrat
when at home. Read what he says:
HeAnqt'Aim rs 52i Reo't III., Vol. i
Camt Montgomery, near Corinth, J.
July 15th, 18G2.
FuiENH Uavmo.no : Nothing of interest
tr.iiispires in tins brunch of tho great Union
army. To-d.iy is si copy of yesterday, and to
morrow will probably be a fat simile ot to-day
There seems tube a lull In the Moody strife
of war, suico the terrible battles before Rich
mond, ytt In the iteming calm, both parties
are but pausing to regain breath and gird
their 1 Ins for fiercer stnle. Circumstauces
constantly changing the relative positions of
men and things, frequently requires that the
I'olicy of mt'ii uud governments should be cor
n-spocdingly changed ; and 1 believe the time
lias come now, (perhaps it came long ago,)
when the policy of our government toward
these damnable rebels should be materially
changed. Vi file the strife was going on in
t lies bolder States, where theie were uudoubt-
)t quite a number of really loyal men, it was
well enough to guard and reconstruct their
railways, and to protect persons and property :
but now we stand upon the Northern line of a
State whose inhabitants, in their miserable,
-arrogant, vicious ignorance, are all rebels
Here I think the policy should change. If
they saw lit to destroy their railroads, I would
not interfere, but ou tlie contrary, if not thor
tmghly done, I would finish the work. If
they wished to burn t In Ir cotton, I would use
their coin and bacon for my army, leaving
them entirely destitute. Instead of feeding
these wretched women and children who use
the food we give them, in carrying to their
husbands and fathers in the rebel army intel
ligence of our strength and position, gathered
uliile reaching their hands to receive our
bounty, 1 would tell them to look for food and
shelter to those same husbands and fathers.
1 tell yon these men chuckle with derisive
laughter to think they can leave their fami
lies and property safely in our hands, and
have. us feed the one and guard the other. I
have done with that policy which by placing
guards over every farm-bouse, village and city,
ami along the lines ol every railway, has so
weakened the fighting front of our army that
in every encounter these accursed rebels have
numerically a superior force compelling our
brave buys to fight against odds. Such
slaughter as we suffered before Richmond,
makes trti-j heart sick. 1 say let these guards
be withdrawti. If the rebel property may, by
any possibility, be liable to become useful to
the rebels, in prolonging this unholy strife,
burn it, destroy it. Let our men join their
comrades with the main army, and in battles
let us have a force equal, at least, if not su
perior to that of the enemy, and then if wid
ows and orphans must weep the loss of hus
bands and fathers slain in battle, let them be
w idows and orphans of dead rebels. If homes
must be made desolate, let the hearthstones
of rebels be cold. We pass over their coun
try and leave it produce more food for rebel
support than when we came. I would leave
it a blackened waste ! We have men enough
in thu army to do it. Suppose we should
march 'u the gull, carrying ruin and desola
tion wherever we went ; when the tale was
loU to Georgia, that the Union army has re
ally devastated the State of Mississippi, and
fvus upon their border to utterly uproot and
destroy everthing upon which rebellion could
fsist, how long would they be in returning to
'bedience to the law 7 1 tell you not long.
They, in their brutish ignorance, cannot com
prehend the meaning ot the term magnanimi
ty. Our mildness they believe to be the re
sult of cowardice. You dare not treat us
Wherwise, say they.
We have too long supported and pampered
lliem with our right hand while we warded oil
their blows and softly admonished with our left.
believe in giving it to them with both hands
nd Toot, tooth and nail. We need a larger
Tiny, and 1 hear a call for more troops has
taun Usuvd by the President, Now I think
rid know that this army can be increased
from fifteen to twenty per cent, very easily,
costing nothing, but a saving to the Govern
ment. Take my regiment, for Instances we
lve about 450 men for duty, of these over
sixty are constantly employed on extra and
daily duty, driving teams, loading and un
loading wagons, cooking, etc. Plenty of ne
gioes offer their services (and in these capacl
'ifi would do good service) for the extra
tuty, pfty these twimste'rs, etc., draw from
uovernmont.
ir employ I n, tho negroes, those sixty Of
It
eventy men could resume tho musket. I
ssuro you, I am most heartily sick of the
sentimental tenderness we have shown these
ruicerable wretches. A truely uohlo, intelli
gent man can respect another without fearing
him, but these people ure not of that stamp,
they have been taught differently from their
infancy. They have with tho lash beat re
spect for themselves Into the outward action
of tho slave, and with the grinding heel of
aristocratic despotism, tiro rich have forced'
the poor into like manifestations of esteem.
The heart catches something of tho feeling
manifested outwardly, ami they respect that
which they fear. When we have visited them
with terrible punishment, they will fear and
respect and obey the law, and not until then
will they do so. Yon have tin adequate con
ception of the ignorant, brutish stupidity of
these rebels. They are slaves. Southern
Chivalry! Great ileaveis what a stupen
dous humbug. Tho chivalry of tho sneaking,
cohl blooded Ingrate, who partaking of his
hospitality, would plunge the assassin's dagger
into the heart of his host. I am getting ma
licious toward these wretches, whose devilish
work is milking so many hitherto happy homes
sad and desolate, who ure tn.idly w! living to
tear down the fairest fabric of republican gov
ernment the wisdom of man ever devised,
who are profaning everything sacred ami fioly,
who are destroying every thing noble, generous
and good, who are trampling upon every
ciple of rectitude and honor, that I do not often
speak or write of them. I would not willing
ly bo vindicflivu or malicious, but their hands
are rid with tho blood of innocent men.
Thy drew tho sword, by the sword ('r roj e)
I would have them Perish.
The Pottstown Hank was Hiariei-ed
Legislature during the Presidency of Buchan
an, and out of comnliment t o I lm i ,, i
Democracy the portrait of the "old public
C : . .
uiiiciioiiary- was put upon one denomination
of their notes. This was before the 0. P. F.
gave aid and comfort to the Southern traitors.
i - '
ami we now see it stated that this little com
I'linielit has become a somen of i n.:,t ;inn-
anco, as many of tho notes returned to the
uaiiK are mutilated ty the word 'traitor,'
Judas Iscariol." &c written under Mi H till
trait. In thM fit rtiicrlit Mi li.i
to call in all the notes bearing tho likenesss,
lor ttie purpose of issuing new ones accepta
ble to the loyalty of the country. This is no
cessary to be done to abate a nuisance.
The following is reported as a fact : Lou
isville Union lady, a few days ago, called on a
secesn iriena, ana loll obliged to listen to her
tirade. On risimr to leave, slia notired mi)
praised a portrait of Gen. George Washington,
wnereupon ine sne reoel reuiarneu : i intend
to get fine portraits of Jeff Davis and Beaure
gard, and hang them up one on each side of
that." "Do," said Union, "we read in the
uioie tn.it our csaviour was hung between two
thieves."
At a Methodist meeting in Boston last week
the clergyman made an appeal to his people
to enlist in the army. "Why don't you come
torward lively " said he. '-I'll enlist now
alter you receive the benediction, that will be
the proper time to enroll yourselves under
your country's flag." The result was that in
a fuw minnfe ul't.r flirt si'rvirMii tvt r.. olia.rt
the clergyman found his own name at the head
oi sixteen iruo men, who win o to ttie Union
army.
If a law-abiding citizen stops a drunken ruf
fian in the act of abusing his family and
smashing his neighbor's windows, would it be
right to make the good man pay the cost ot
prosecution, and repair the damaged windows
Such, in principle, is the question now before
the people of this country. Doughfaces and
traitors say we'should make loyal men pay the
expenses of the war, rather than confiscate the
property of the rebels.
The other day ns a number of rebel prison
ers wero shipped ot Sandusky for the tra
tor 's home on Johnson's Island, a little Ger
man made himself quite prominent with his
noisy remarks about the sesech. One;of them
a dawny six-footer, turned savagely upon him
ami sii , We tat Dutchmen down South."
Vy, den, you no eat Siegel ?" was (lie in
stant retort. Secesh had nothing more to say
but passed on his way sadly.
Gen. Fitch, late Senator from Indiana, now
leading a brigade at St. Charles, in Arkansas,
has just hung two rebels, in pursuance of
pledges to do so in case of the murder of any
of his men. The first engineer on the Lex
ington was shot while sitting at a port-hole.
Gen. Pitch immediately took two of the citi
zens of St. Charles aud hung thern in a public
place in town.
Talking of Sydney Smith's cool idea of
"taking off his flesh and sitting in his bones,"
as being the highest immaginable degree of
comfort now a-days, "I can betier that," said
Coppetton. "Impossible! How" 1 "Why,-'
said Copperton, gravely, "I d knock the mar
row out and have a draft through."
A celebrated engineer, being examined at a
ttial, made use of tho expression, "the crea
tive power of a machine," upon which the
judge offensively asked him what ho meant by
the phrase "I mean my lord," saia the en
gineer, "the po A-er that enables n man to con
vert a goat's tail into a Judge's wig."
. . i . 1
There Is a groat waut of surgical aid in the
federal army. For instance, at the Alexan
dria Seminary Hospital there are fourteen
hundred patients, and only four surgeons, it
is a remarkable fact that tho country cannot
furnish surgeons and physicians enough for
the exigencies of such a war as this.
lomin killed, wounded and miss-
A IIU i v w - - - r
ing, during the recent six days lighting rear
Richmond, under Gen. McClellan, is given
from an official source, at fifteen thousand
twa hundred und twenty-four. The rebels ac
knowledge a much greater loss.
A yonng conscript fell sick and was sent to
tho
i military hospital, a oawi n
irht into the chamber where tne
invalid lay, ho lookod.at it.hard for some time,
nd then threw up nis nanus anu uii
Doctor I I can't drink all that 1"
Whn mon trv to tret tnoro good than coinei
from well doing, they always get less.
SPEECH OF COL. JOHN W. FORNEY,
At the Union Convention in Harrisburg on
the 17th of July.
The resolutions having been read, and their
adoption moved, Mr. Forney rose by request
or the Committee on Resolutions to second
their adoption, and said :
Tho resolutions. Mr. President, which have
just been read comprise in brief terms the
duty of the loyal men of Pennsylvania, aud
they will go to the countn as au utterance
lhat must produce healthful consequences.
There are elements in this assemblage which
have never been combined in any former pe
riod of our country's issue. We have hero
representatives of the Republican party, tho
People's Jinny, thu American pmty, und of
the loyal men of the Democratic party. I
notice that at least twenty counties of the State
havtenl Democratic delegates to this Convention.
Tho heavy gloom which seems again to have
settled upon our unhappy country has had tho
ellect of extinguishing many dissensions
Men who have dillored radically in former
years now stand together like a bund of broth
els. But one motive animates this splendid
organization that of devotion to country and
determination lo maintain the Union. There
is no spectacle, says a great poet, more inspir
ing than a great people struggling with their
enemies The fiend Slavery, which is tho
beginning of all our troubles, in tearing itsell
irotn the Republic, seems determined to tear
the vitals ol the Republic away with it. For,
however men may differ, Mr.'President, this
is not merely a struggle for our existence as a
tree people, tut it is a struggle between liber
ty and slavery. All others issues have sub-
sided betoie this issue. Slavery, in beginning
the war to perpetuate itself, has laid a strong
nunu upon our tree institutions, und is resolv
ed, failing itself, to bufy them in one common
ruin. Those only deny it who themselves
pray for the success ol the rebellion, and those
only believe what I have said who earnestly
pray for tho triumph of the Union arms. And
it is a fact well calculated to agonize the soul,
thai outer una dreadful as have been tho gen
eral sufferings in this extraordinary strife;
notwithstanding thousands ol homes are cov
ered with mournings although torrents of
tears are shed over the freshly-heaped graves
of those who have fallen in defence of our
flag, yet all these terrible lessons produce no
impression upou many who live among aud
around us. These men see their couutrv
bleeding at every pore, aud 'have no word of
hope or comfort to give to her. While we,
lorgeiiitig all old antagonisms and parties,
while wo throw off the cloaks of former or
ganizations, and reveal ourselves only in the
gai b of patriotism,,! hey clothe themselves with
all the hatred, and ranchor, and uncbaritablo
ness for which they have been so distinguished
before, and prepare to strike at their country,
if not in the name, at least in the name of tho
doctrines of that candidate for the Presidency
who, less than two years ago, marshalled the
hosts of disunion at the ballot-box, and now
leads an army of traitors in the battle-field.
If, Mr. President, slavery is the cause of this
eredt crusade upon human liberty, its imme
diate agents and ministers confess, by all their
acts, that they aro fully conscious of the truth
of this assertion. They have pursued the fell
purpose, which has now ripened into war, with
a persistence which can only be explained by
the close sympathy with the rebellion itsell,
and their sincere hatred of the Government of
the United States. Calling themselves Dem
ocrats, they are bunded together in favor of
Slavery and Aristocracy. Let mo take a
prominent example of the school the old man
who lives in neglected solitude, within an hour
and a hallos ride of the Capital of Pennsylva
nia. Ho is now beyond the Psalmist's age.
He entered the Presidential chair more than
five years ago, with as fair an opportunity to
sei ve and save this country as ever had been
presented to man. He was elected upon a
distinct and voluntary pledge, that, he would
give to tho people of the unhappy Territory
of Kansas the right to dispose of their own
affairs, in their own way. Had he been true
to this we should have bad neither secession
uor bloodohed. The history of this unparal
leled treachery is written written, sir, in
carnage and in shame. It ought to be sup
posed that now, looking over this history, he
would seize the occasion toextripatehis mighty
crime by some manifestation of public peni
tence. It might be supposed that now in his
old age, he would secure the favor and for
giveness of Heaven oy appealing to thoso ho
still controls, to rally to the common defence,
and to shun his fatal example. But no, gen
tlemen ; so lur from this, the animating soul
of the rebellion in thu Southern States is not
more Jefferson Davis, than the animating soul
of the rebellion in tho free States is James
Buchanan. He seems to desire the immortal
infamy of dragging our glorious Union into
the dishonored grave ho is himself soon to fill.
Around his own home, as proved by the Con
vention which assembled in his own county a
few weeks ago, and by that which disgraced
this hall on thu 4th of July, his former lollow.
ers, doubtless under bis lead and counsel,
mock at tho perils of the nation, aud delight
in nothing so much as to embarass and retard
the operations of the constituted authorities.
Is it possible that this man and his parasites j
can rally any portion of the people ol Penn
sylvania to their standard Mouumeuls
themselves of the mercy of the Government,
permitted to live in comfort under the flag
they toiled to defame and to dishonor, shall
thoso men bo permitted to go on iu their work
of treason
They proclaim that this war is an abolition
war a war for tho emancipation of the slaves
a war for negro equallity a war in which
the white man is to be driven out of the fields
of labor by the colored race. This is the sta
ple of their creed ; this is the burden of their
cry. Will James Buchanan, or any one of his
creatures, hero or elsewhere, inform mo
whether it was the Abolitionists that framed
the Lecompton Constitution, and forced it up
on tho people of Kansas ? Whether it was
the Abolitionists that fabricated the English
bill, a measure even more infamous Was it
the Abolitionists that persecuted and pro
scribed Walker and Douglas and Broderick f
Did they muider Broderick 1 Did thy retain
in the Buchanan Cabinet the incarnate trai
tors who robbed the Federal Treasury, deci
mated tho army, sent our navy to distant soas,
sacked our arsenals, and sent to Southern
ports incalculable supplies ot the munitions of
war 7 Was it the Abolitionists, in a word,
that prepared the way for tho culmination of
war, leaving to Mr. Lincoln a bankrupt and
enfeebled Government, compelling him to
reach the capital of tho nation almost a fugi
tive, and surrounding his inauguration with
all the ceremonials of, and preparations lor,
internal strife t But. sir, apart from the duty
ot exposing these impenitent and remorseless
ioes, there are other duties which must be
discharged, and to which the great organiza
tion born to-day must dedicate itsell with
stern and self sacrificing patriotism.
Thu adjournment of Congress leaves to Mr
Lincoln those high responsibilities which he
has proven himself so able to bear. He will
find himself strengthened for still stronger
measures by ample legislation. He can now
throw himself upon the people aud prosecute
the war with renewed vigor. As your resolu
tions so well express it, it is fortunate that
"wo have ut the helm of public a Hairs one so
prudent, so upright, temperate, and firm."
Great are his trials and great his labors. It
has often been said that the duties of thu Pies
idency were too much in times of peace for
any one man ; several ot our llnel Magis
trates have fallen under tho weight of these
duties. But what must his condition be who.
in the midst of this remorseless rebellion,
must give all his time and all ol his judgment
to the solution of stupendous uud novel com
plications 7 He cannot satisfy all men ; ho
cannot, at a blow, strike down every groat
wrong. It is possible that ho may have been
mistaken in tlie supposition that the slave
holding treason might be indulgently and mag
naiiiniously treated, and that tho best way to
convince thu it be Is was to exhibit to them
tho willingness ot the Government to offer
peace in tho midst of war, uud amnesty on
condition of prompt submission. Jut now
that experience has shown that no mi deration
cm reach the authors ol this great crime, the
President will undoubtedly proht by the les
son. And 1 am sure that the voice that goes
up fiom this Convention to day will invigor
ate and inspire him in the vigorous policy
which is about to be inaugurated, a policy
which I feel sure will be as stringent ami as
deterie iued us the most exacting and entliusi
astic of us could desire. Backed by the peo
pie, and empowered bv law, there will hero
alter be no hesitation in the employment of
all means lo put down the rebellion. .No
more doub;s as to the confiscation of tho prop
erty of rebels; no more protection of their
houses, aud crops, and goods and chattels.
Practical measures will forever dissipate the
miserable cry about negro equality and negro
emancipation. Wonderful is the advance
that has been made in public sentiment on
these questions.
Some of the most distinguised Democrats in
Congress are now taking ground in favor of the
employment of blacks iu tlie army of the
United States, as a measure of imperative
wisdom and uecessity. The partisaus who
roam about the land alarmiug ignorant peo
ple wiih pictures of a black exodus from the
slave into free States; who look for riots in
the great cities as a consequence of the com
petition of whites and blacks in vatious fields
of labor, can read their own doom and tho re
futation of their own falsehoods, in the
ground taken by genuine Democrats in the
National Legislature ou this impoitaut issue.
Whether they see it or not ; whether they re
realize this or not, the people realize it
Tho object ol this war is not abolition, but
vindication not abolition of slavery, but vin
dication of the offeuded majesty of tho laws.
To this end we sendour w hite men into the Held
to fight in our armies. To save them from the
privations of the long, weary march, to relieve
them from the heavy service that wearies
and wastes them in the trenches aud on our
fortifications, it is proposed to invoke the aid
of the thousands of colored meu who ure set
free, not by the Abolitionists, but by the
slaveholders themselves. When this race is
fully assured they may render such a .service
and be rewarded for it, there will bo no fur
ther flight into the free towns of tho North
and Northwest, but they will gladly remain
under t hat flag w hich, while protecting them,
they themselves defend. One other lesson
has been taught w ithin tho last year, that is,
if tho most loyal of the white people are those
who are fighting for the Constitution and thu
Union, so the most loyal people of the se
ceded States aro the blacks themselves.
Shall we not act upon the suggestions of some
of our ow n most gallant and experienced mil
itary men, and save our brothers by accepting
this ready, eager, and honest assistance 7
What voter who has lost his relative or his
fiiend by disease in the army will not yield to
this argument, and asK that it may be carried
into ettect hereafter 7 The fact is, gentlemen,
this war may as well be terminated to-day, if
we do not avail ourselves of this vast resource,
and of every other means justified by our own
necessities, and by the usages of civilized na
tions. I kuow there are some who shrink
from tho idea of arming the colored men.
Have they forgotten that they were armed du
ring the Revolution, not only by the direc
tion of General Washington himself; but that
in tho bloody battle of Red Bank, near Phila
delphia, it was a regiment of Rhode Island
negroes, under command of Col. Ray Greene,
who turned tho fortunes of the day, and fought
to tho last around the dead body ol their com
mander 7 In tho second war with England,
Andrew Jackson enrolled the free blacks for
the defence of Loiisiana, and thanked them
for their bravery after the victory was won.
Has tho colored race deteriorated siuce the
Revolution and our second struggle for Inde
pendence 7 They ought to have wonderfully
improved, if philosophers speak tho truth or
the census does not lie. The sympathizing
gontlemen in tho free States who aro in the
habit of talking of negro equality, and charg
ing that as one of the great ends of the Re
publicans, will hardly deny that the infusion.
of the blood of the chivalry of the South
ought to liave improved the negro race in that
quarter. Under this infiunce this race should
certainly bo improved, and accordingly to the
doctrines of the oligarchists, more 'refined,
for the nearer they approach tho beau ideal of
a Southern gentleman, the better they ate to
imitate bis martial zeal. As Tbaddeus Ste
vens once sail, the sun bad a wonderful effect
in bleaching negroe cornplextion. Do not bo
afraid then, gentlemen of being called Aboli
tionists or the advocates of negro equality,
because you demand that your telatives and
friends in the army of the Union shall be suc
cored, and sustained, and saved from disease
and death by the stout arms of the loyal
blacks, bond or free, in the Southern States.
I have said the only practical Abolitionists
are tbe rebels themselves. Tbey have set
more slaves free than a thousand General
Hunters could have done. Emancipation,
like the rebellion, is their work, not ours.
As the houorable Wm. M. Kvarts, said at Al
bany in 1800, as be was advocating Mr. Lin
eolu, "Gentlemen of tho Democratic party,
you say you have a majority in the c .untry
why don't you unite, then, and defeat us at the
polls." But the rebels divided the Democra
cy then with the deliberate purpose of divid
ing tho country afterwards. Nor do they de
sire to escape this double responsibility.
They wish to cut loose from tho liee States
in order to enjoy their institution ol slavery
alone, and it was to save that institution that
induced them to prepare for und precipitate
this war. The only act of emancipation car
ried by thu Republicans is thu abolition of
slavery iu the District of Columbia; aud if
tho Republicans had not done that, they
would have dessrved the contempt of friend
and foe. They were invoked to it by their
own platform and by the authority of the
gteat publicists of the South. The power ex
isted, and they exercised it. What has been
the result? The emancipation f the slaves
in the District of Columbia has improved
them. Thus far the experiment has worked
admirably. The repeal of a series of laws,
operating alike upon free and slave, has made
them ambitious to Uo well, and they are now
more orderly, more peaceable, and more
thrifty than ever.
So much for several of the most difficult
questions growing out of this war.
The sympathizers with Secession who call
themselves Democrats , undoubtedly desire a
peucc with the rebels, and to bring this about
they are industrious in dividing tlie Northern
people, well knowing that the success of this
plan must consolidate and encourage thu trai
tors. No doubt when the uncle of the gen
tlemen who is now lighting against his coun
try iu the army of the South I mean Francis
W. Hughes oi Schuylkill county has presid
ing1 over the Breckinridge Conventiou ou the
4th of July, tho hope that stirred his heart
was that peace might le accomplished on the
well known platform of himself and his neph
ew. 1 perceive that he is so anxious to ellect
this object that be has taken command ot the
campaign himself, and will doubtless make
the State ring with elaborate orations on thu
basis of tho Breckinridge platform. The ob
ject of this peace is simply to degrade the
people of the free States, to fill them with fac
tions, to curve their domain into provinces,
and to make all their groat interests subordi
nate and obedient lo a slaveholding despot
ism. Does any man suppose that such a
peace would end the war i It might, indeed,
realize Mr. William B. Reed's grand scheme
of division aud separation enunciated on the
17th ot January, 1SG1, at National Hall,
while Major Anderson was besieged in Fort
Sumter ; it might make New York a free city,
independent ot State and Geueral Govern
ments. With our Pacific empires lost to us;
with the great West seceeded, and Pennsyl
vania bound, like a captive to the chariot
wheels of slavery. Mr. Reed and his compa
triots would exult iu the fulfilments of their
prophecies ami plans ; but there would be no
peace. It would be one long und stubborn
und exterminating border war a w ar of sec
tions a war luakiug the South powerful and
the North powerless. What foreign nations
would say to such a person as this it requires
no Anthony TroIIope to predict.
I cannot refrain, Mr. President, the expres
sion of my sincere respect of the manner in
which the Kepublican party of Pennsylvania
has come up to the good work to day. It was
the duty, and it will prove to be tho interest,
ot that party to act with prompt patriotism in
such a crisis. But it is so rare for men who
have just elected a President, and who dis
pense such enormous patronage, to exhibit
such magnanimity as we have seen to-day.
that the evidence of it deserves to be highlv
commended. I have seen so much crime and
falsehood, such an utter disregard of solemn
oaths and obligations, as the fruits of the so
called Democratic rule, that when Mr. Lincoln
was elected President I hailed his triumph
with all the moie joy because his bauds were
clear of these infamies ; because he was un
der mi covenant with the slave aristocracy.
In the coming campaign, although victory
is, in my opinion, certain aud sure, we shall
have a bitter aud a reckless foe to put down.
Should we fail, our defeat will be accepted as
a declaration in favor of the rebellion. Tbe
Administration will be arrested in the prose
cution of this holy war, and the sympathizers
with Secession will insist that the machina
tions have been triumphant and their treason
confirmed. The Breckinridgcrs expect vic
tory because they have been so generously
treated and so kindly tolerated. Fulmina
ting their hatred ol the country's cause in
public and in private, corresponding with for
eign monarchists who pray for our downfall,
some of those who had hidden themselves in
Paris and Loudon aro qi.ietly returning to
their homes. As to these men we have a
right to demand that Hie Administration of
tho Federal Government shall put tho strong
hand of power upon thern- The sympathi
zers with Secession, whether our elegant
friend Mr. Haldeman, from this neighborhood,
whose correspondence with the traitor emis
sary, T. Butier King, has only lately seen
light, whether the editor of a newspaper, who
is only saved from punishment by his own in
significance, or tho faithless representative
who looks for re-election by the votes of a
people he has deceived, they should be ad
monished that there is a limit even to the in
dulgence and forbearance of a great Govern
ment ; and that they cannot at the same time
enjoy its protection and intrigue for its over
throw. He who is false to the flag of his country,
and yet dares to live in the loyal States, should
either be compelled to go to a foreign land,
or to be driven with tlie seal of condemna
tion on his brow among the rebels themselves.
Let the Administration treat such men as
enemies, and with a firm and consistent policy
the war will terminate victoriously, and the
ballot-box will record an emphatic verdict in
favor of the friends of the Union.
What Dealers ark to be Taxed. All re
tail dealers are not to be taxed under the new
national law. Section sixty-fifth provides
that, "when the annual gross receipts or Bales
of any apothecaries, confectioners, eating
houses, tobacconists' or retail dealers, hall
not exceed the sumo one thousand dollars, such
apothecaries, confectioners, eating-houses aDd
retail dealers shall not bt required to take out or
pay for licenses, anything in this act to tbe
contrary notwithstanding.".
8PEECH OF DANIEL DOUOHEHTY,
Delicered at the C.reit War Mating, ,onctti
tn Ia-iciHindeuc, Square, rhilUtphta, an
Saturday, July '20.
We are assembled, Americans, ta deckia
whether our country shall live or die, whether
we shall be freemen or slaves ; w hether pe
shall hens again permanently dwell, or tbi
become a land of dead men's skulls ; whether
the fires of freedom shall blaze in beauty nnttl
all the earth shall enjoy the perfect day of con
stitutional liberty, or the eternal night of de
potism shall iu our times descend mnl,o
world ! These are considerations tht tower
in sublime proportions uboe all meanar
thoughts, and will tell the historian whether
we are an heroic or degenerate race ! whether
this" is the golden age, or tho thtr accarsw.t
days that sold and sacrificed, when they
might have saved, the unborn millions of Urn
future.
To iwfilress you, Americans, on mict
theme, fills tne with awe. and mikr me bow
in humble supplication to the All perect Oj,
praying His omnipotent ai l to inspire tne tt
the cause !
In the midst of unrivaled prosju-ruy, with
Government the best that mortals ever made,
with argosies proudly plowing the waves of
every sea. and thu mighty armaments of ever
Power doing homage to our flag. a conspiracy,
long meditated and,maturely planued,h Sural
into bloody treason and retellioua war. I'er-
jured ingrates, on whom tho choicest honor
of th Kepublic had been shi were I, Iet-1 ou
tne legions resolved to kill their country. Tti
tyrants of the earth iro laughing at our wool,
and, with malignant joy', regard the people
their slaves again.
It is in vain to dwell upon th p i-.f . R.t
hold thu awful present ! The traitor iT tho
South, with fleudlike lury, aru striving to
wrest from us three-fortlis of the Kc-putlic.
our most sacred localities, thu battle-tiells ot
tho Revolution, the graves of the immortal
dead, the cities built with Northern band,
ami leautified by Northern taste and wealth
aye, the Capital, with its unnumliered million
of probity, the statues of our I lie factor.,
the priceless Memorials of the past, the tro
phies of glorious wars, the heirlooms and
archives of the nation. All are in imtuiBea
jeopardy !
Nay, more : if they succeed, our Northern
cities will be sacked, our homes desolated,
our women and children exposed to the pol
luted touch of their brutal soldiery, the Unnja
split into tweutyragmeiits.each warring- with
the other ; not alone in tho regular battle,
but with poisoned cup, tho roj;. the torch,
the axe and the knife ; anarchy following, un
til the living iu very agony, cry out for tn
protection of a monarch, or yield submisively
to a despotism. These are the terrific reali
ties that even now cast their shadows on tLi
continent.
1 cannot pause to argue. They are clear to
the mind of every thinking man. If wo Uil.
tbey are as suio to follow as it sn angel of
heaven, with a pen of fire, had written our fi
along the midnight sky.
Oh God ! shall it be, that the puopte, crush
ed since creation, when at last, the priceless
boon of liberty was their own, by their own su
pincne.ss permitted it to be wrested from their
grasp forever t Shall the fruits of the lie -lution
wither in our deeping
"What! will yo all combine to tie ajton
Kaoli to each ulher's nei'k. mid drown likdoa
Within the tide of time, and never $ jaf
To after ages, or at be-U but fluat
A buoyant pestilence ?"
Men of America, awake i arise from jo.r
sleep, and avert the impending doom Lt.t
the craven who talks of peace the wretch who'
prates of party the fiends who coin money
from their country's woe, or spuak encourage
ment to her foes, tie anathema !
Let our rulers remember that on their fideli
ty is slaked the fortunes of a hundred" genera
tions. Let thoso who can, fly to the field '.
Let those who remain, with a generous band,
give to the glorious cause! Let every tu an
hold his all at the call of his Country.
The unburied dead cry aloud for vengeanc
and for war! war on the land uud sea ! war
with no hope of peace but subjugatlrti f war
that will teach the parricides that the Repub
lic can be as terrible in strife as she was gen
tle In peace !
My eountiymen all differences forgotten
let us here, on this consecrated spot, weaf by
the honor of our mothers by the memory of
fathers by the blood of the wounded by tft
dead bodies of our martyrs this war shaft
never cease until every man who treads this
soil owns allegiauce to the Union, or th
whole land becomes one sepulchre !
The DircuiiA.v ksu his Pint works. A jol
ly old landlord of German extraction, bavnrg
been presented by a friend with a lot of fire
works, proposed to give a tree pjrotecriuical
exhibition to iiis customers ; and, to perfect
hi in sell in the art of handling thern, ho went
the night before the cxlu bition into a Gel t
near by, with a lighted candle, arid comaieiic
cd by igniting a vertical pin wheel, holding it
on a gimlet. This covering him with sparks,
he procured an overcoat, and next set off a
serpent, which exploded in his band, striking
his dog, nearly killing him. His next experi
ment was with a large rocket, which he ignit
ed, holding it in his hand. We will describe
his success in his own Wurdt. Ho says :
"I set her a fire then she pulls then I
pulis den she pulls again. Den thespanle
flies all over me and purns me ; and den da
darn ting burst and bites me all overde bet."
Rum axd StCfcsn. The rebels were crazed
with whiskey when thev went into action in
the late battle near Richmond. Wounded
men from their ranks were brought into our
tents, beside themselves, frenzied and deliri
ous with its eflects. They were plied with
more than was necessary to upset rpasarr,
and sullicient to render them callous ami in
different to do danger. Geueral Kearney says
he never knew anything like their foolhatdi
ness in braving death streams of our cannon.
Sane men would have refused to march up,
as these poor maddened, inebriated fellow
did, to meet sure death at tbe mouth of our
artillery.
"Gentlemen of the Jury," said an Arkan
sas lawyer, "would you set a rat trap to eaten
a bear 7 Would you make fools of yourselves
by endeavoring to spear a burTalo with a knitting-needle
7 No, gentlemen ; I am sure yon
would not. Then, gentlemen, how can you
be guilty of the gross absurdity ot finding ay
client guilty of manslaughter for Ukinftfco
life of a woman, t"

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