Newspaper Page Text
tno-n fticKfttii a nffontnn.
The Trl.il or Dr. LnrAucrs
Our London papers by the steamers, arc lordly
occupied wiih the eitraord nary 'rial of Pr. Lard,
ncr, ihr celebrated writer and lecture t on ihe to,im
ergtrio, who tome time tines tan away with tlt
wlf.i of Cap. Iteavlside. It wet tlne.1 I y the
counsel for tht plain iff, that the unhappy It 'y was
the c?iJgMer of Colonel Pp;cer, formerly t,f theJ
12'h hi en, and tince residing tt the Chateau de
depicture, in the pariah of Outreau, Dologne. In
the year 1823, Mr. Heaviside, ihe plaintiff, whose
mother wat a titter of Colonel Spicer't, wcat to
Bologne, and for the fi.l time taw Mie Mary 8pi
ce hit first Cous!n,"nd the only child of Colo: el
Ppicrr. The marriage took p'tce on the 17ih of
July. 1P?4, at St. Michael's Church, Bath. It wot
a nurringe of pure affection, for Captain Hnvisido
hud ample meant to matte him care hut litt'e about
the fortune of hit wife. He made a aettltment of
XI 0,000 uponMtt. Heavislte, which wat trcured
in l!u usual wiy : the dividend to ho paid to him
during life, then to her afirr hit dctth, and in ce
of there Ik log no child en, 01 in the event of thrir
not being of age, then she wat to be ent.tl.d abao
lutcly to the wholo of the rcvcra.otiaty inter- t. She
w.ts likewise entitled to the reversion of 13,000
upon the death of her fither. Shortly ofter then
luirriae they went on the continent, and up n
their return they resided for tome time at Saumhr's
lii Ige, Oakingharn, Buckinghamshire, and about
ten years ago came to reside in Brunswick square,
Brighton, where they had nine e kept up n est ib-
Ihhmrnt, and moved in the first circlet of society
They appeared to he devoted to each other, and
their union gave rice to that ttrong cement of the
affcti.na, children. Mr. and Mr. Heaviside had
two girls end a boy ; the eldest girl was 14 years of
oge, th" second 13, and the boy 6 yean old. The
liluititiffwnt a fond father and a loving husband. Ii
in this life they could expect U find happiness, the
jury would imagine that would be found in such t
home as this; but in an evil hour the defendant
imde hit appearance among them. He came to
Brighton about tome l'trraty pursuit, and hit trpu
tntion at a rmn of science wat a papnrt into sec -
ety. He obtained in introduction to the plaintiff.
and unhappily for him, was received at a visitor of
KU houn. Thre was noihing in hit conduct, his
ae, or hit appearance, to induce the uspieion that
he was a dangerous visitor. Ciptain Hesvit do
xv,is in the habit of attending to hit niag sterial
ditics at the Town Hall, and he wat also one of
the directors of the Brighton railw ay, During I is
ah ence from home ihe defendant had the oppnrtu
nity of visiting Mrs. Heaviside; hut to much cau
tion wit obs. rved, that the attendants and those
constantly ahout the misguided lady, weie unnb'c
' to discover that any familiarity existed between
them, and the witnetset would therefore heunablo
to point out tho beginnirg of the fatal influence
which the defendant (mstetsed ovei her, and wh'eh
he i xercied in the consummation of hit criminal
object. Human nature and their own experience
would, however, assist them in coming to a conclu
tion. It was hardly to be Mieved that the def. n-
' d.int could be ciriied away by any headstrong feel
ing. or any impulse of passion, and, therefore, so
abfU'd a defence could not be eet up. They knew
that there were mmy approachet to the female
hcait. A wom-n who pos as d no inor inate shore
of talent might be misl' d anddecoytd from the
path of virtue hy a person of superior acquirement,
who, fm sinister purposes, paid defer, nee to hei, in
Older that, when her vanity ov. reame hrr reason
he might ferpel.t like d aw his meshet around bit
viciin and make her iiietiie ally I st. These were
the dark and insidious i.rtH that wrr practised by
the defendant, and the jury would be able to tiace
every web that wa designedly thrown around ihe
p'uiniilT'i wife, until tho'wae im-xtticubly surroun
ded. Mr. Heaviside lift Brighton on the 11th of
March, and enme Jo London; and on the I3h of
tbe e rne monih Mrs H.aviside quitted horn- at an
early hour in the morning, ettting that the was
going on a visit to Mrt. Crt ville.
We annex a letter written by Ma. II. imme-'i.
1 ately arter her elopement. It wat add ret ed to her
SunJ .y, March 15, 1840.
"I tit down to the paii.ful duly ol lulGllu g the
promise ini.de in my note ol Friday".
I will di it at briefly as ihe ihcunwt nee to be
told and the fe.linga to be xprted will pe mil.
You have obseived the continued uiilii;M-iiioii from
which I I. axe suffered for many we kt p ist, und
which I h.ve allowed you totupjK.se ptoceidid
fioni b.K'1'y illness. Xty tufforings however, were
of a different nature, ar.d arose from a d iT r nt
ciu.-e. T biy oiiginatcd in lb' miud and in the
heart. Ann ng the pittont ii.trodued to our ac
quaintance within the last f w mon hs wu ene,
who, unfortunately for tne, pro Joed tuch an im
pression upon my huirt, it I felt could nev, r be
rffacrd; in the fir.t period of our acquaintance, I
flittered una. If that the sctilimmts h iiifpired
were those of friendship mnly, and I indulged in
hit tocie y with unguarded, and at the event proed,
out imprudi lit freedom ; n this, however, was'no
mote tian wat dene by other ladiea, by whom ha
acquaintance and convertaiion wne eagerly tought,
and at I never before had reason to dUttutt tnjself.
I proceedeJ ulMppetent)i of the consequencea.
He departed fnn Brighton, and the efTectt of his
a'sence convinced me for the first time of the r- al
etate of my heart, and I toon felt tbut my jx ace of
mind wa irrelrievablj Ut. He had never preu
rrted to tell me that I it to him an obj. ct of affec
tion. Hit mas oer and language were on the con
trtry, mo-t def.nenti.il and retpeciful. I had i-cn
b wever indie .liont of bit fceiiiifa towarda ms
bom caiivuiciiig and unrquivoctl han any which
were words could convey. In thort, wi.hout toy
expresa comiaui icaiion ew tl tubj'Ct, our feelings
l ocame mutually known J H that evety dic
tate of duty suggested iinmediata separation and
absence, S. pwtion and a!enca were accoiding
ly liied. and nllnut4 uutil I wat dritei well nigh
. fv m 4i.caa.
I thill net at'rmpl, I ecause the atte?mrl wouM 1
le utiav.Mh,b:e, to dcwril.e to yon what t t.ulTeied j
h d you bren m ire c.mat mtly with me than your
"cati.h usually ermilted you to bo, the state of
my f rlioKt could hot have been concealed from
you, and '.t wat only by lieaitrending effort that I
at urned e-'i op, n ent checrl'ulnesi duting the brief
t'.el dlstunt lnlivals you passed with me J you
know mo loo well to ilonl.t mi trmh when I assnro
you ihat on nu.re than one occasion I as on the
poiiiFiif attempting to rescue ell parlies from tho
evil whi. h irir n re ed them, by removing myself io
another w tld l y opium. I struggled Ond only
knows how I etrueglod to aulidue this criminal
Utachment, and to recover sufficient tranquility of
n.l ,d to et.aMorne to perform my dutiet as your
wife I wroti to him d daring my retolulion to
conquer my aflVction for him j hit good feeling and
teal regard lor mo prompted him to acquiesce in
;hia course, and ho expressed his .ntire approba
tion of it. I tried l I failed the ttruggle almot
cost me my life. I now became fully convinced
that I a f T. vcr incapable of discharging towards
ynu the ilu ies an 1 olfices of a wifo, aive by Ihe
al ption of a course nf lystematic. dissimulation
an 1 unremitt ng hypocrisy, from whi h all my
he-tier feelings revolte.1 with loathing and disgust.
I felt that the attempt would render mv life one
continued 'ie. No course thtn remiine-d f.r me
l.y which I c- uld ' e rescued ft m the horrors of
my position, except either r-elf des'ruclion or. to
withdraw myself openlv from you and resitn my
self to him who onurnssr-il all my aff ctions ; in have
adopted the only intermediate meaaiiro by in.lu I
ging in his fcicly, and secretly commitiing infide
lity to you, while I continued to prof, ts the f clings
and perforin the offices of a wife, wat one of which
I was altogether inciipahle. I therefu e, after v,ew
ing my ntuntion and ex imbiing mv heart, deter
mined to al.aiido.i a position which I coulJ not
conscientiously maintain, and I did accordingly, on
Friday last, deliberately and aJvi-o.lty, and not in
a moment of excitement, or und. r any sudden
impulse of f.-elinp, leave my house and place my
self in tho hands of him lo whom my affections
had heen surrendered.
"Need I assure you, that up to the hour I quitted
your do ir, I wna never guilty of any act injinious
to your honor or iiicompa'ible with the v. wa I h .d
madeyou. What I have done, I hnve done openly,
and have not added ihe m annct of falsehood and
ileeeptb n to the sin of infi lelity. Wnile hy his
forma! confession I place in nur bands the power
ef releasing yoursell from the lie whi. h binds me t
you, and of preserving tlie r ghls of our cliiblr.ii
ft ni tho possible consequence of my act, I am
prompted os much by feeling as by duty to deflate,
most umqu voc illy, that what I h ve d me hut not
lice n caused by any absence of kiiidtn ss and off c-
tion on your part; that, on the C 'titmry, from the
day f our ma riago to the day of my d. parturc
from you, you have Leon most kind, most teneler,
and most tT cti nate. I m deeply sensible that you
h ive J. served a verv IiT reut return fioin any that
ii has been in my power to make.
"As I believe and trust (h it my own conduct, at
well a that of ihe person to whom I am now ui i ed
has been, up to the hour of my separation from
you, such as to afford no ground for objection or
suspicion, you rnnn.it, I presume, have any m ana
of knowinn who that person i; it is ncresa iry
I'.crefor", that I thou! I inform you thnt it is I)r
Lordlier. Neither he nor myse lf desire to eilT'i anv
extenuali n, much le'ts lU-fenec, of our conduct
We feci it, however, to be only justice to ouit. lvrs
to say, that we are prepared in suffer all the evils
attendant upon a t e'nl chance in pecuniary cir
cumstances at the inevitable cotise quence of tl.e
step we h tve taken ; I h ve come to him destitute
of any meana of support, and blinking no lung
wi'h me but the few arlicl. t e.f dress I had upon
my pert n. He has surrendered a large inenne
which he h it for many ye.ut enjoyed, arit.n g fmm
his profession) labor ; banished as he must I e, to a
foreign country , d insce. I in ch .rai t. r l y the very
measure which gives tne to him, removed from ..II
those connections on which the profitable occupa
tion of his time has hitherto de p n.led, be it at this
moment uneeriain where, or how hu msy obtain
even ihal very sm II income which will suffi e to
supply our most ni .derate wants and wishes. Not
f re's, ring an exiger cy like the pr tent, he hut not
reabxe.l ..ny ror siders'ile mn mil of propeny nc
thing, in fact, wh ch ran ma'e ri.lly aid us in ur pre
sent p ii'ioii. v e were both to ly awsre e.f tiii'be
foririids le d ffi. ubi eind s:icrifi. cs( but be fe ll
that a. v acr fice, however ureat. Would be most
willingly made by h rn lo eof.en the ev.N aitendunt
upon the pos.li ni w! iib I most ss-uiiie. Now, in
coiic'usi p, allow me lorxjirets a h "po ih.it after
lh' first at itU' -h attending ibis linst'or uue ba N . n
assui.god. yon wi l I ) tbst your peace and comfort
will be ii ore protnotid ly lo "i"K mo ..llogi-ther. for
reUn ing me without u y aff ca. n would l e uk me
to ynu, and you would lme the pa n of seeing me
daily c .i SLin. d l ya hopvless a iaihtoe .1 to mio
ti er, wb ch w uld e.t int.. my heart until I sbou d
be redact d to the mere shadow e.f myself, and
whi.h must, after a brie f fieri.nl luv.e brought me
to the grave. It is n t likely that yu will f, el any
disposi ion to ron.uiui.i. -ute fur lier wiib me; b..l,
i.s we s'i 1 have ome common inture-t, I f, t i i.
niy duty to supply you wiih tbe mt ana of su h
commutiicalion, sin u d it be necessary. Any lung
whieh is addressed to Mrs, Williams. No. 1 7, Old
Burlington street, will be f..rhr.li'J to me 11 .
lievo we ttill your most nceie and giatuful fri. nd.
"It is my wish, if you have no ol jeciion, tint
lb U letter, or acoiy if it, should be tent to my
The learned counsel of the difemdant concluded
by expr as ng a ho e that the juiy would lake ititi
consideration all tl.e circumstsnces ol the ease, and
that they would give such damages at would vin
diea'e the honor and character of the plaintiff, with
out entailing titter ruin upon the del. nd .at.
Ver. ie t lor plain iff Damages, Eibt ThouasnJ
Saturday, grpttmber 12, IStO-
J4tt t'mn, of tndiana, f a ,,
Oxo. O. I.iiraa, of De.aware, $ f,n(,r'"'-
1. C.d. John Thomp
1 5. Frederick Smith.
13. Charles M'Clnre.
14. J. M. Gemmell.
15. O. M. Molten' ack.
18. Leonard Pfouix.
17. John Horton, J ,
18. William I'liil-on.
19. John Morrison.
20. Weslly Frose.
21. Benj. Anderson.
22. Wilhnrn Wilkins.
21. A. K. Wright.
24. John Kindlvr.
25. Stephen Barlow
3. Benjimin Mifflin,
Frederick 8t oever.
3. Wm. II. Smith,
A a r
. Jonn r .teinm.in,
6. Daniel Jacoby.
6. Jesse Johnson.
7. Jacob Able.
8. Geo. Christman.
9. Wm Shoener.
10. Hentv Dehuff.
11- Henry Logan.
STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE.
Heltf.J. C. DlICHKK,"
Ovto F. Jomvsov,
Jouv M. Fohsts a, Dauphin.
Ii. YV. IlfTTta,
Pitch Hat, ? n, . ....
Joseph C. .tai, $ Philnklpb...
Davio I. TV II, 1 . ,
II. II. Viv Amrivds, P"'"
Martin Van Hurcn.
fob tick pnr.stnr.vT,
Ilichard HI. Johnson.
CScn. Oavld R. Porter.
CHARLES W. II E G 1 XS,
(lVAo had 14 ttoc In ttc D -macrntic Delegation )
JESSE C. HORTON.
(H'Ao had 13 tola in the Dtkation.)
Neither candidate having a m ijnri-y of the
whole, the Convention unanimously resolved they
would ma'.e no nomination but so if r each one to
run on his own merits. C. W. Hegius having re
ceived tho highest number of voles should, accord
ing to ilemorra.ic usages be cona:der.d the ch. ice
of tho party.
J At on RHODES.
HUGH H. TEATS.
ELID i JOHN.
to tiic rniLsc.
In tubmitiing to the juii.lic ihu lirst nu.nl cr of
the "Aineiican," it maybe d. emed incumlei.t on
us as neci'ssa'V and proper to make a few ohsnva
(ions in r. Irition to the rstablislununt of this jir.ss,
and tbe course wh ch its cotiducton intenJ to pur
sue in iU publication. Tho age in whic'i we live
h..t been truly styled ihe vge of improvement,
winch no power on car h can ariest in its progress.
The applicat en of aieuin lo tho various purponet
ufsi, and tho more re-en! discovery of smelt
ing iron with anthracite coal, promises to I em.sjl
vania results that caonot he too highly e.li
mited. The great valler eif the Puqnehann is soon des
tined 10 b. come the the a're of a new sc. tie e.f eti
lerpr xe and indu tty, wi.ich may well exc.te ihe
astonishment of th ae who are unsrq unite I with
her inexhausliblc drpo.-ites e.f cod and iion.
Her rtigned h'lls and aolit..ry wastes, here ofore
demed woitlile;ss, are now eaj;eily sought after for
the coal and iron which they contain, ihe most
v biabbi mioersla in natur. It his been tuoi that
England owes her pre-cnt p wer and e..llli moie
lo her coal a d iron tbau lo all o.her c.ioso- coin
I i .c.l. Ita.i, then Pern txlv.uiia ha- wtninlier
o i n borders inte rit.it re o.irces i.el powers uf we llo
nnsorp.is d l) tho wil lo Union.
'J'Ue Mistii ikin e o .1 region, eniiticcled wit'ithi
place by a r.il oa.l 20 ni bs in I nlli. which a few
years since W es a soiit ry w il.l, ui l.ood n bv tl.e
foot of man sav. ihe soii urv h jolei in pur ui' e.f
gone, is now teeming Willi a bu-y and iinlus'ri .us
js.pulil on. Thu lo vii oi ."l,m lin located in the
coal lesiiou, a new vi lege cont imng uboi.t one
hundred houses, has apiuug up at if by n.agic,
since that (teriml.
These improvements which are but a commence
ment ,.f a leiiei e.f woikt upon a large scale n w
in projects, 1,'cent as ibry a e, have a It a ly e j.eu
a new I (a and im elu to this section of our ceeui
With these views and under th. se roiuuhr
lions, we, in comm. n with mat.y of our moat is.
le emi d fellow citir-ans, conceded that a w. II i nn
elucted jourml, if propeily e ncuiaij d, coul I be
rendered highly si rvceit b- tot'.e co.nn uni y. The
progre-a of inipioveon ul 'and lh rsji'd m cr. ase ef
population, ind.rd equ ie lh..t lbs ; re h .i.tl neit
snly keep pace wiih the spinl of i nte p Ix -an I in
duslry, hut as a pi ne.'r lead th way and stimula e
to exeriion the en'crprixing and wealthy capitalist.
Tho establishment eif a new prets in thit pi e
hat frequenil. Uen tok'iiof, and was long since
in contemplation w'.ei.evn a favorable opportunity
th u!J cteu'. We btlitvj that perioJ h now ar
rived. Our (leAlrjti is to make the American a per
mar.rnt and useful jourunl, tonveyiug useful and
intere sting information to all c la-sea of rca.lera
Conducted with the utmo t tlecorum, its tone and
tentimi nts shall at all tims be tuch, that the most
scrupulous parent may place it in the hernia of any
member of his family with prrf. ct impunity. Low
tcunility and violent personal abuse shall l care
fully excluded from it" columns. And while we
sh .11 always be ready an I prompt in the expression
of our opinirini upon mailers of public policy, we
alv.ll nlwaya en 'ravor to preserve that decorum
und extend tht courtesy towards our eotempor.iries
and others, that one gentlemen has a light to expect
To the interests r.f the farmers r.nd cu'tivntnrs of
the soil, the hone and a'new of our e-nuntry, who,
in an agricul urat petiui e.f view, form ihe hs-it of
all trade, commerce and m eiiut'acluret, we shall d-
vo'e a portion of our columns, and sprea I before
ihcm such matter as shall bo both Useful und en
tertaining. To the mechanic and all others, we t' utt we
thall be able to make the American an interesting
and instructive journal.
In p. ilil cs we "shall, as we have alrendy an
nounced, aupport the general and stale admiiuslr e
tl .ns. In advo. nting the re-eb-i tion if Marti
Va UBL.!Bid RlCHAn M Ji.nvto to ih.
h'mb stations which thee i on occu y. and wh ch
they have filled with tuch distinguished abilities,
we sbiill c ufi.ie oursi'lves to mee-uret and the
principles upon which tiny are grounded. R cii.i.-
ii ation und low person 1 abuse which the tuncur
of pnliticil wai-faie never fills lo produce, ..ml
which we r. g-i 1 1 say is indi.U. d in to an nlniost
unlim ted extent, by the p.u izm puss, s of , iilicr
tide, we ahull car. fully avoid, deeming ii not on!
demoralizing to the community and ile rogatory to
the high char icti t of the press, but unwUe, im
politic and ui just,
our fe.irl.'-s and pa'tiotic Governor David R
Po trr, who hut thus far identified himself with
th" true in'ere-ts of the ttale, and whose w.se and
sabraiy mea-uitH have rcoeiv.d the appro' ation of
every hone-ta.d l leral mi l l, we shall e x'e d our
most cor.lial supp. n. We have th. refore pi iced
his name at the bead of our column-, fully cuifi
dent that the bo est ye .mamy e.f Peunsxlvan a
will always be found sustaining honesty e.f purpose
and integiity of comlucl in a justly v..luid public
frj Persons having prosit (uses will please to
send on the names nf suhsciihcrs as soon as possi
ble. We mey post bly hive omitted sendir.g li e
pnpjr to snmo who have su'scriied, which wc
shall be glad to correct when infoimed.
fj- As wo have nt had a yet the benefit of
exchange papors, the first number of tho American
will nM present as great a viriety as our read. ra
may heiesfier eiiect.
fXjThe Editors oPihe " Milton Ledger" and the
- Sunbury Gazelle," with a di egard for truth en
tirely uripardoua'de, have mtagle-el the name e.f
Charles V- H. gins with the Wliig ticket for tins
county. The editors kn w that he was not placed
on lhat ticket, and ther. lo e Ihe tlatement is a m I
ful misrrprrsrultttitin of u intiltervfjact, with, an
intention of deceiving the public. Th.y aUoknow
for they h.ve s. vetally puhli-h.-d the lad, ih.t Mr
llegn s reK-etvrd the higiiesl number of votes given
to any candidate in the d. nwer iiic Del. gile Con
vruiion, ond lhat hu would have i een iiomiu i'cd
without opH)snioii. if a few individuals, who pro
tended lo Iw bis fiieiids, bad n-1 si crelly viilifi d
bis polit.cal cour-e, and off red .to diseribute th
minor offices ain otg an almost infinite number of
persons. Mr. H Rin.' detn crane principles re
firm and his legislative coutto hat been eulig'ileii
ed and patriotic.
Tint weak imlieci e creature, w hose name figure
at the' head of a paper calbd the Milto Le ger,
-im, ly because the r. al owi er . f that pres. due
not place hit own there, has thought prOj er to
commence abusing aome of .he leading de micruts
on this side of ihe river, in the c ur e of whicr he
in tdo an attack Upon the editor of this paper, seve
ral weeks in advance of its public eion.
We will, however, Inform him, what his limit el
perreptions probably will nevrrenible him lo per
c ie, that in our opinion the dutiet of a . eebto are
not a1 all incompatible wiih the chami't. r of a gen
reman, a d that he must not think all editors are
i ecessHi'ily ioolf..r designing men, simply because
he hat mad.' bim-elf one. The public will hirel'y
u pose ih t it wi I r. qui e any e oiiilana ion of I -b
i t o pub b'i a sher tqnal o the Mi!t hi l.edei
Ki m eteir e.,rli si youth, we have lu en . cu I ni d
to l ink at d act tornura Ivea M'e iiilend, and w,
are vein notih to think we a'e- c.-mp-leti.t toil..
o. to mal e ttie' Amenc n," a r.specuh e m l wo. I
con lu. ti'd j Hiroiirt and if we elo n -u eeed in
ni .king ii as much top- iioi lo tbo Ledger, in point
eit lire II geiiee and iespi clabilit , as t'lut pap r l
n .w Im I . such a st n.lsid. we -hall retire, sii.l
rave il.e di g.. idutinu nf tbe pre.t in the Udnds ol
tucli cellule as now conduct Ihal peprr.
The Ledper men s .y that a secrei B,ir.enieul was
en ered rn'O at this place. U tween ihe Ir en. Is of
Mr. ;eeiiiian.l the f.ieu.la of Mr. U mud. Now,
lie. knew thai they were U In.hiiu a wilful sod
deileera-e fa'sehoo.l, and that they m r heard a
wont utter.d to that effect. Dut what It lint for
the Led ert We do n. t calculaie le hear them
utt. r o e word el truth lastweeii this and the elec
ta, n, in. est by accident.
It bas nevir ben-n asserted by any friend el C
W, Hegius, that Governor Poner wr..te a leit.r to
that ge ntleman, ii que-ting him to b.- a candi lata
for Ihe legislature. Tbe e. it r of the) Mil. on I.ed
g. r it distinctly called upon, to tU e who made
tuch in tlb gation, tn l where it wt made.
We legret that tbe cditort i.f the Sunbury Ga-
xelie cannot view the establishment of this press
in any nth. r than a hostile ligh'. " We h id no
donire to injuro them, nor did we believe we thou'd
do to in the cnuree we have pursued. They say
their suhsriiption list bat lucre ted. Wa are g'ad
to bear the fact, and attribute It wh .l y to competi
tion, which olwayt stimulntu to ex-rlion and im
provement, and invariably bring! about liencficial
results. ' "' s
The Sunbury G xntte hat lieen in existence for
tome time, but h .a not, we believe, been as well
supported as a press should be. Where t! e fmli
lies, we do not nremm to say. lint we believe
there are a si fTn"ent nnm'wr of persona in this
roiintv, now U'.supi bed wi h papers, h , if they
could hft induced to snbsreibe, eouM siipvn t 'wo
p'pen in this place, a' d support them well. We
think that ihe heael nf eve'V family should feel it
an imperious and bs dote duty, t tike a w. ll con
iIuct.' paper. Nothing rontiibu'es so much to th
spread of intelligence and the e nlighi. ning of the
mind, as tbe newspaper prea. It besets a habil
and taste for reading, which like all other habits i
acquired by practice. And we believe, many men
in th a country have risen to f me und disi nciion
by esrlv habits thus acquired, who wou el otherwise
bav. groped their way through the world in igno
rance and datkn"ss
We shall e ndenvor to conduct the "American"
in such a spirit snd manner, as lo induce every
person e'osirniis of obtaining a good paper, to snl-
scri!e for it. How well we bhal succeed, time
itself must show.
C3"The St-ite C ppol Gazelle and another pa-
per puhii-hed at a elUtance Ir on this county, have
eulogised the talents and u-iness hehitsol Mr
Hortou, and, pethaps. ns they are unacquainted
with him, they ar. i xrusal.b-. Uut it wou d e ut
te rly unpar.tona le en tint Le-dgnr or Ga&'ttii to elo
so. Knowing that he ia grossly ino.mp, tent and
enti.ely unfit to repre-nt a free and enlnihtciieii
Community, the-y have, very proper yt preser.ed i
tomb-Ilk' silence un ihe subject of his fitness for
Jcnsc C' Ilorlon-
Tliis gent e.u. ii ia the caudiJ.it e of a fact. on
composed ot f anu.eiits of all parlies, u. itetl witli
ihe very few in this cootity, who slo w, d decided
symptoms of opposition to tho adnunis rati ii ot
Gov. Porter, and w- ro checked by Ihe overwhelm
ing burst of approbaMO-i nh.cti the measures of th'
everutive r.c ived in this cou ty on the 221 of
February lest. Those who shout bis piaisea, have
not condescende-d to inform the pu l c wh t qo eli
fic .lions recommend him tt) the office. Can he reid
orwtite' Pr 'bably he can 5 but be cannot dr-w
up a bill, or law ; nr; her ceo he write a rcmrt up
on any su j.-cl that wool. I he rornmitted to hi
change. He does n"t pos es one single r. quisite
foi legislation. That he ih incapable f .'ebveiii.g
his sentimen s, (if he sh.iu'd happ-n lo have any)
upon any snhj it, might be considoted a inin r ot"
oljecii n , but his early mid late baliii- h ive not
qua ifi.-d hun for thinking c rrcctly, and it we sri.,1
himtolhe legisature.be w.ll incessarity be.blged
i. ask the aid ol a member from some other Coun
ty, to enab e him t . further the busin. as of his con
s I ueuls. In short, we would bu obliged to burrow
a reprflnluttve from one of our neighbors.
The Speculating Candidate,
The tr i. nd-of Jesse C. Hort. n are pr. s-iug h i
Iccti. n, liecausc they s.y he is a farmer, and lhat
Char'i-s W. Hegius ia a lawyer, We are sor y to
str p a jack daw of his b irroued p'utnage but w' o
is it ih t ever heard er knew any ihing . f Jesse C
Hortou, that el id not bear of him ejr know hun as a
stage pioprietor, or a contractor up n the public
works t t bo is it lhat knows him, d..n'l know hit
ever -ince he bas been in this county, (ai d that h
n.-t been eiy long.) he h is been fc,diugat the
pub.ic ctil, and that he has rro ived more money
from ihe guverome nt, n the si ape nt' exlru pay,'
for doubtful service , lhan w t Id have paid twenty
memleers of the legisla'ure ! Tbetmih is, Jesse t'
H..rton, by bis speculations and contracts f v ii..us
k ii la, l a- acquir.d a ban. Is nr mi I an I farm, t-
wbich, aa a 'riend, we w uM advise him to dev. t
hia 'isie and atno lion; wh.le C. W. II. gins- ia a
young m-n. who ha ri en by his . wn me rits, sn
h s no larrn to siiport hi .., but is obliged lo c.rn
bis livelihoo.1 by his profession. The people can
judje wl.i. b i- tlie moat d. sereiiig of the iwo, Ih
Kpeculutiii contractor .-r the in ustr out and nvi
t ot. us young prof-asi nul man. The 'tdints .
the iw m n, of course, .i.e not to he c mp.r d
T1H;E DEMOCR TM KNOWN bY I IIEII
Tbe m ell -qtl .d of si If-styled and p tent would
l de I'ocri s in die forks, who fr a veial n r
past have 11 sounding llecir ..wo pr uses, it seem-
will i. ever cete s imatiilig he do n.K-r... of th
low r end of the t .un y, Thev h i e fre-q e. o n
asserted thai ih.y h all the i .. I i.-enc ami ho
Iheref re cl li ne I II th- olTu. -. To sh iw wh at
ihe most firm snd a eidfs t te nocr ts. an i wh- ie
d. ino. tacy h is fl u is ed m t, w Have tukeu tt"
trouble to ex .mine ihe . (Tic al r. eoids ol the ttlec-
II n I ISilS anil 1BJ3 i no wnoio ueniocratic
majority in 1 8 to was 1113. Of this amoun' the
Folks give 5 13, snd the town-hips this side i f ib
Now et us are what the'e pa ei.tdemocraU had
lrn doing duiiug Hie tb ee years preceding tbe el
ection of IS:?, we Ihencan joelg- whateffji t their
me isurea h ..I in sneng h-ni g the party.
In 1818 the whole democratic inij-ity wat
only 9S0. He e w..e a gal filling off . mew here.
Was it r ro .gbetui he county t No -m b thing I
The Forks the gae a majority of o ly 3J a out
in thr-eyeaia f;fllv.tie. This tide of ,h- rive'
tt en gave a nt j riiy f 65 j vote ; a g.tin I 8S.
Tiiua it will t seen thai i.i 1833 ihe m iU -ioj
.ri y on this tide wa. only 27 in re th.n m the
Foiks, In 1839 it wateatci by 3'J8 or more than
iloubln tho amount. Yel With til this eeMenea bev
fote their eyes these all intelligent" seconel-hand
ilftinans, whose men! il visions and aspiration
of patriotism never extend beyond Ihe patronage
if tome petty office, have the Impudence to set
lemsrlves up as the lenders of the .b m.HMtic par-
and presume to elictau to the people and tell
ihem whom they musf surnort. Th k ,-..
manrv of Ii is county will frown ilown wl h indig
nation, this attempt of a f w i e ty dictators t,.
thrust upon them a candiJate. whom they have
WHO 18 THE DEMOCR TIC C NDIDATE
, rem rtsrijllj(y l
On the fmiilh ballot f r the nominee f.r thisif
e, in ihe D m rt tic County C ,nvnii n,
ha I. s W.He ins had 14 J -se C. lo ton 11,
ol John M Kmnev 6 vol .. and af .. r a few mn,m
balln tings ihe conv. niion adjoined wlihout mi-
tun a nomination. This it t e plain 'ruth. Kc
rding to the it- m-eeratie nsage that i he maWS
shall govern, Mr. Hcgi is should have he.n egard-
as the candidal of the par. Bui at Mr. Hor.
on bat thought prop, r, in dire,-t violad n of this
cardinal pr nrip'e of dem crscv, lo press h s servces
uimn the publ c, and ppeal from the award of the
wn.il- county delegation, to mee ting coua stinn of
35 individuals in McEwensvllle, convened without
.y previous n .lice of their obi ct, sod witliuut a
public invitetioti lo the people in ihe low.-r end of
Lie e ouoly lo panic pale in their i rocefdinga, we
bink we nave g s.d auh iiv toe siting that he is
nut )ie democratic candidate, nut ihe no.uim.-e ,.f a '
fiction and ail enemy lo the perty.
Candid Admission The truth by
'I he Milton Ledger, in j.p,uk ng of Gov. Porter.
says: " We, a- Well as a larne portion of the tie-
uioe racy of Pennsylvania, did not approve of one
of hia ucts as Governor, and wefee;y expressed
The Le-i!gcr men aie no doubt correct when they
say they .ii I not approve of a si gle act of Gov.
1 ortei's ad , nostra ton, .nd of cou is.-, according te
their own admission, have been opposed to hun in
everv thing he has d ne; but we hink t at they
are deci.h-eiK' tvrong in saj ing that "a laigo oortion
ol the dem icr icy of I'enn-y Iv.in a navo been so vio
lent in ihcp oppositi n to Gov. Porter, us tn elissp
i rove of all his acts. The most violent fede al i rint
in t.'.e country has not cxte ..led its opposition so
lar I he I.cilyer m n must see th .t the have not
bee n ele nocra a, und that they have een figbliug
in the federal ranks.
We publish, in anotbo. lolumn, the bill res ricl.
g he banks, pissed b the Honse eif K, pres. n
talis, s on ih- llurd of Ap il last, together with the
yeas and naye on tlie pis-ae of tiie bid. We do
th s f-r tne puipose of shewing how li.ile r.bance
cm be placed m i lie assert ions of the Milt n L dger
and Sunbury Gar-He. So lar from opposihg a
'eform of the pres. nl b .nktng sysn-m, Mr. H. gins
voted for ju t such r. s ric i..ns on the hanks as the
peop e d. sir. , and we ask them to read tbe bill and
jtielge fo, themselves. It will he recoil cte I that
this bill p.ss- d wo weeks leef re the I.egi lnu e
first ailj -urnel; plenty e.f time f.r tl.e Senate to
have passed the bill, but dt I not see proper to do it.
8. F, Headley, Esq of B-rick. has be n nomi
nated by the elemocrat c convention of Columbia
County, as Senator for the district composed of the
c-'umits of Columbia and Schuylki I. This nomi
nation renders Mr. Me dley's election certain.
Those inurest. d in ihe mineral regions, the man
ufac'uter mid mech mic, will find in Mr. Headley
an able n pre dilutive of th. ir interests, and will
have no occasion to regret the choice made hy the
Mr. John Sir det of Uniou County, has l-een
nominated by the democ ats of N6 thiim' eriand
and Un on counliea. for Cnngre-s. Mr. Sn' der ia
too well known for hit firm unwavering democr.tie
,. inciple-s, to require any comments at our l am's
Hi- bl 'I. cs have nev. r be o questioned. His well
known popularity renders his e ect on morally or.
tain in this d sir ct, where democracy is always
Specimen Book, eoinai-ini a spec;m-n of sd
kind-ot typ". has ts en mi.s. g fr m this . Ific for
aome lime. If aoy person h- it w- bo e it will be
re-turn, d im e liap y.M ltin Ledg r.
H id nm tbe Ledg rmin ilter accuse the Buik
eyi 01 cLsm tb with ciaartva i off; as h i fr en Is
sav that he earriti the dtcument w.th him."
A Worl to the Wise, &c.
''ut neightors of the Snnbu y U -z Ite, in "la
to n ati .i a long and I. u I," hive in do sun.lry
' arises in rciuti nt to ihe establishment of ihie
pa, r, th n will rcqui e al out bands tome little
c n.mei t. We ran sure lh m ih .t we were not '
act .at d hi lh. le si by any mo iv a e.f ill will, . r
p r ouul bo li ity, and we iiiink, thai our c... mpo.
rn) vh uld nthcr loeongrstulal ry than olhci wise,
in hivu g rece ived an ally, willing to do bat lo in
Hit cause ol deinoci-.cy, however keble ibey might
o.iui hi. tl'ir a.
Il will be r cl ected, that when Gov. Porter at. .
s .tiled the dull. of bis cfli. e, ihe affairs of the
i ouiiDonweal h had reich.d an ala iiiing crisia, '
lin na ive eue gy of character, and determination '
to pursue a course best ealc ul aid to pr. aeiys the
in .res's of the people, gradually restored th ngs. to
orde r. Th-se diifirul iet were scarcely aurmounted,
wh n the su-m-nsion of the banks took pi ct. Tbe
go-ernor in his annual mrasage bad recommended
ome wholes erne re-ti iciions, lo prevent the recip
ience of the bke evil. Whatever his opiui .n migkt
hive b.-en, in regard to the eon.iurt eif the bsnks,
be was unwilling lo sarr.fi. e ihe interests of ia
people, datroy Ihe credit of the stats, and brinj
universal dietrew uj on the cou munity, by comf