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FAR TltB iVlRlCAW
One greot dim.
Who vigorous offspring, by Jiil ng ocean,
A re kept apart, and nursed in the devotion
Of Freedom, which their father fought f r, and
Bequeathed a heritage of heart end hand,
. And proud distinction from each o hor land.
Still one great clime, in full ami free dcfi mce.
Yet rear her crest, onconquered and sublime,
Abo the far Atlantic Biros.
Land of Columbia ! Freedom'e deate-t home,
How swells my hjart with pride to call thee mine ;
Beneath Heaven'a pure illimitable dome,
What nation ' glory has ere equal'd thine 1
From the bright South, to where the Iceberg gleamt,
Thy mountain majeaty, and forests wild ;
Thy fertile valleys, and abounding stresms.
Proclaim thee nature'a bleat and favor'd child.
Tct not ft nature's varied gift, tlio grand,
Exults my heart in thee, my native land;
But for the grand of soul, the spirits high
Who hire unfurPd thy banner Liberty !
Now at 1 gaze upon thi beauteous scene,
Smiling beneath the bright blue Leaven atecne,
The very air breathes of the honor' J dead,
And hallow'd seems the earth on which t treed;
For power was their, the omnipotence of mind,
BectowM by heaven to bless and raise mankind ;
Virtue, and liberty, and truth burst forth,
And sheil their brightness o'er the realms of earth ;
For here the good, the greet, the wise, the free,
9pake to the world in fearless majesty
And tott'ring thrones have sii.ee in dust been laid,
And tyrants' blood the penally has paid.
Patriots and Freemen, may ye never shame
Your father's laurels, their immortal fimo,
Supreme in virtue, bids the world adore,
And do suclfspirits live and act no more 1
Have we, the mighty people of the West,
Unmindful proved of our great sires' bequest !
Oh no, my country ! looking to the past,
I proudly feel thy troth and power ahull last,
Champions) of Freedom-Ac irs to deathless fame,
Thy noble free-born sons arc stilt tfee .nv,
And countless generations yet to come,
Shall Hail Ikee Liberty's unsullied Home.
Sunbury Dec 5th.
to the sniToa or thk axeiiica.
Your village may boast of its turrets and lower ;
lis belles su enchanting, and beaux so provoking ;
But give me again the sweet coltago and flowers.
And I eautiful grove on the BanKs of SU itnukin.
Tlirre, blot by the smiles of the maid I admire,
The joy of each other our cares shall lieguile ;
For peace and contentment shall bound our de-ire,
While time as he asses, delighted shall sm.le.
True pleasure, by reason and duly attended.
Doth daily our health and our spiri's renow ;
0r la'or and rest ia judiciously blended
With love and devotion that's constant and true.
December 1st, 1840.
Advice Oralis. ,
We find in the Boston Post, the following scraps
among two chapters of similar Ii recti in. We copy
them for the benefit of all conccrneJ :
Advice to young girls. Never m irry a biy
whose mamma is afraid to have him go on the,
water, r whose papa cannot tell the d Terence be
tween rtie toothache and the lorkjiw.
Advice to young men. Have it fairly umletstoo.1
Wore you wed, whether you intend to mairy an in
dividual, or a whole family.
Advice lo parents. Do not let a ail'y an.bition
hazard the happiness of your children, nor
your chagrin at the discovery of your own fol
ly betray you into a violation of your olliga.
Advice to indiscreet penpk. Never hire a prin
Ur to publish your fo ly in a book, foi it ia Wurse
than being hung, and a) ing the executioner forty
Mviceto babies. Remain with your mother a
long as you can, and do not get married b.fore
you are out of leading strings.
Advice to judges. Informing an opinion, keep
both tars open, and then you can hear on kotk
Advice to Ug'slators. Never become the corrupt
to.,1 of wealth.
Adciet lo any one wht is pleastd tt receive it
If you wish to stab a person's reputation, by impu
ting to him or her falsehood, treachery, aud the
meanest selfishness, you may as well use
l!he mcked daggir as to tortuth the blade with
Advice to sentimental people. The noblest of
sentiment is that which spring from Sincerity,
Constancy, Frankness, and Forgiveness.
Advice merchants. Advirtise, if you would
be prosperous and happy.
Advice to politicians. Collect the bets you have
made as soon as possible, pay those you have lost,
without delay, and never be gudy of uch disrepu
table conduct again.
AJv'tte tt the temperance party. Offer a reward
IVr the best model of a cider milll.
Advice to people in general. Subsciibs for a
newspaper pay the printer, and mind your own
Lead ws not tot Ttiapluha t
Three Indiana in the vicinity of tir.eu 11 -y In
vame converts to the temperance caure, although
rtroviously given to put the enemy in their mouth
that stole away tlieir brains." Three wMie men
formed the rhajitutile resolution of trying their In-
Oian sincerity. Tlacing . canteen of whiskey in
their path, they hid themselves in the bu.hes lo ob-
serve Ihe motion of the red men. The first one re
cognised his old acquaintance with an uh !" and
making Lig'.i u-p, ha passed on. 1 be srror.d
laughed, sayi' g, me know you!" aud walked
round. The last one drew his tomahawk, and dash.
ing it to piacrs, said, " ugh, JOU conqurr me, n'
I conquer you."
Saturday, ttrcembcr 12, 1840,
MtmacraUc Candidate fat Soremrt
Hen, DAVID It. PORTER.
ffjf The picket for Coal was delayed on Satur
day lust, by the neglect of the driver, in not band
ing it to the train conductor.
(Jj Service may be expected ia the EriscnrAL
Chciu it, on Monday evening next, by the Rev.
(TTSome of the Philadelphia papers recommend
the issuing of small notes for one year, by the
Banks of tl.is state.
The puMic.ition of the " Log Cabin" has lieen
resumed at Nsw York, under the editorship of II.
finely, E.q. M. M.Noah, Esq., of the New York
Evening Star, at one time emMlishel his paper,
the Enquirer," by placing the "Aik of Public
Sifety" at the Lead of its c lunwis. The Log
Cabin, we pr. suine, will hereafter supersede the
old-fashioned ark in all cases.
The amount of coal hiped from this pi ice du
ring the season is 15 6(15 tons. Nut season a
murh heavier business will lie done upon the rail
road in coat as well a in iron. The furnace at
Shamokiu will require about 5000 tons of Iron ore,
I which will be carried tin the ruud. Heretofore the
csr relurnoj to ,hc mine!, cmpty
We received yeslerdsy morning the Baltimore
' American, containing the President's Mcssarre.
which was transmitted to Congress on Wednes
day afternoon. The message says, there is but a
small deficiency in the revenue of the Post Olliee
Deptrtment, which its ample resource will soon
restore. The revenue of the government has not
declined a was expected, compared with the pri ce
ding year, but on the contrary exhibits a small in
crease. The message is not as long as tisua'. We
will publish the rnvst interesting parts in our
Tlif Harrixburg Papers.
The KsTroc,by Barre.t V Parke, will be pub
lished, giving full reports of the legislative proceed
ings Of both houses, as follows t
During the session semi-weekly, $'l 00
For the year, 3 00
The Stats CtriTor. Giiitti will be published
upon the samo terms.
The above are democratic papers.
The Pissst lvajia Iitblliukscir, (Whig)
wil, be published as follows:
Daily during the session, $3 00
Semi-weekly do 2 00
Daily during the session, and sem
weckly during the remainder of
the year, 4
Semi-weekly during the session,
and weekly during the remainder
of the year, 3
Music Its fffrrts upon thr mini!.
Few people are aware of the power of music u
pon the mind, and the mrdicinal virtue which it is
said to possess. In rases of melancholy and ex
treme depression of mind, its iflects have frtquent
ly len astonishing.
The bible informs us that David, when a youth,
was employed to remove the mental dirai gemrnt
of Saul, bv playing uion bis harp. The ancient
record many miraclrs, said to have been performed
by the aid of music, and maladies that hive baffle I
all the efforts of the medical faculty, have sometimes
been removed by the soothing melody of the human
voire. In modern times, many a youthful swsin
can testify to it magic powers, especially when ex
erased in the pctson of woman, lovely woman. lis
soothing and beneficial elT. c a are so well un
derstood, that it is now looked upon as one of the
indrspensaUe luxu'bs of ihe great, ljuecn Victoria,
it is said, never dines without the accompaniment of
an exc II nt band f music, which she haa stationed
in an adj lining apartment, separated from the royal
party l y large pant ul groanu glass, wuicn pr
vents them from seeing in, and at I lie samo time
mellow the music for their royal ran. Many sin
gular anecdolt a are related of the power of mu.ic
Dr. Burney, in his hittory of music, relate an in
tance of a lady, who coukl hear only while a drum
waa beating, on vth ch account her buslxind hired
a drummer aa her servant, in older to enjoy the
pleasure of her conversation.
An anrcdo e ia related of Farine'li, the famous
singer, who was sent for to Madrid, to try tha rllicts
of his magical voice on the king of 8tin. Ilia ma
jesly was buried in the prof .u dvst melancholy.
Nothing could raise an emotion in him ; he sat in
a datkrneJ chamber, entirely given up to the ino-t
distressing kind of madness The phy .kiaiis Older-
ed Farinelli fust to sing in an outer room, and foi
several davs this waa done without any visible ef
fect on ihe rojal patient. The king, it wasobaer
ved, length awakened from hi stupor, and seem
ed lo It.um, on ihe ..exi day U. were seen starting
in bis eyes the day after he ordered the door of
bis chamber to U Ufl open and, at length the !
perturbed tpirtt entirely kft this uiodern Saul, and
the medicinal voire of Far.neili iflVcted vthut no
other medicine could.
Who has not witnessed tho tff.cts nf music tin
animal 1 It is indeed, the language of nature,
which all anim tej creation stems to understand. '
Vet how different its rfF-rt on the varlnns fnima's
The dog, the faithful friend and companion of man,
seems most sensibly alive to the tones of music, ee
pecUlly to the sound of instrument, while the cat,
on the other hand, remains entirely unmoved, and
would, apparently, be less effected by the united
concert of all the bands on earth, than the well
known squeak of the mouse.
THE IRON TRADE.
If any of the capitalleis of Philadelphia, or else
where, who are desirous of clearing en investment
of one or two hundred thousand dollars, in the
space of fnur or five ycais, would honor this neigh
borhood with a vMt, we think we could convince
them how the above object might be accomplished.
We could show them, be:wern this and Shamnkin,
such facilities for the making of iron, such depos'tes
of Cost, Iron Ore and Limestone, and that too of a
very supeiior quality, all tf which is most conve
niently located, that would convince even the most
sceptical of the truth of the altoe assert:on
A few years more, and th.it portion of the valley
of the vail y of the Susquehanna, abounding in
coal and iron, will present a scene of industry,
wealth and entci prize, that no one could havj con
ceived a few years since.
The smelting of iron with anthracite coal, will
form a new era in the history of Pennsylvania. It
will add millions to her natural and productive re
sources. Her canals already begin to experience
the benefit of the coil and iron trade, the tonnige
of which, in a few years, will amount to ten time
as much as much a from all other reroute s.
The Birmingham and Gloucester Railway Com
pany have receive d six locomotive engines from Mr.
Norris of Philadelphia and the fnt experiment
wis made a few d.iys ago. The r suit, according
to the Birmingham Herald, having " surpassed
all eiciiitionH." That oleum locomotive ihould
be imported from Philadelph:a to Birmingham,!
indeed a carrying of coals lo Ni wratl , and o..c
of the greatest curioailie of the pie cut cuiious
The Rrsumptiun or Sprric fuj incuts sittlnl.
A LOAM or THHkK AMI! A HALS MILLION OHTAIKKB.
We lenrn from the lait Philadelphia p per, that
the banks of the ci y and county of Philadelphia
will n suine specie payment on ihc 15lh January
next. A loan of f U,.Vi00,000 has been obtained
in B aton, aud another loan of f 1,000,000 in New
York. All mat e.s in relation to those loans have
been siti-f.iclority a, ranged, ao that there wi l be no
fu ther doubt or difficulty ujHin the sul ject. Hick-
nell'a Itrporter says :
"In little in re th in five we ks, therefore, we
shall have stieeie payments. Of course rno ey wil
grow scarcer, and our merchant and traders gener
ally slu.uld conduct their atf ,iis according'?. We
may men'ion lor the information of our friends ut
; diMance, that the only I h;la c nlua notes in ctr-
culation at the present time, are those of tto Bank
i of the United Hiatcs. All the other banks pay mil
' the paper of the 'monster,' and receive it ficcly on
deposit. Of course when they resume they will
pay specie foi il, although, should the resumption
movement pa- oil' with little riciti-inent or no a
larm, a we anticipate it wi I, wn shall aoon fiod our
bank issuing their own note as freely as in former
gj We copy the following from tlio Baltimore
American. 1 he writer has committed a slight er
ror in the name of the oc miotive. 'J'hey ate
eillcj the Xorth Star" aud tho Muunla iucr"
One of ihe passenger cais is, however, named
In relation to ihe IuJian word S,amok!n, we re
collect when travelling through the w.mmI in Michi
gan, we enenunleird a well-dressed Indi in nn I i
poney in full ga lop, with a ten ga'lon cak swung
on his back, giving the Kiney the full weight of a
heavy stik, which he helJ i hi bind, at ev ry
jump. ' eMopil him out el sneer run. any, out
the only answer we could get if our repealled ques
tions was, Shamt kce man, tvhitk." Which wo
inti rpretcd to mean, in plain English, " W'tttc
man, whiskey" o, we prcu ne, Shamok'n lakea
its name from the erak, a very clear and limpid
stream thai irrigates the Shamnkin country, and
that Shamukin creek, io tht Indian language, aig-
nifirs wh'te crctk.
Extract of a letter fiom Northumhotlaiid coun
ty, Pennsylvania, to a g mlciimii of Baltiuiure, da-
bd D.cember 1, 1N40.
" I am aware fiat you know something about
the Shamukin ami Muhoimu Void Field, or r.itli. r
you hare known what it wns for there "the
times are changej, and the mint ure changed
with l hem.
" Ins eaj of the wagon and horses tncginu ihn e-
fourth.r a Ion ofco.il in a d.iv, you iing'it ii.o
see, were you here, two locoinot v engines, wi b
UK ir resjieciive long Iraius of Coal cars, whir ng
along, e.ch making two trips da.ly. As one trip
ruin the cml hem ut the town nl Sliamokin to the
Susquehanna at Sunburv.and return, is about thir
ty tvrii m iUs, each ' Schnioke-wagon, aa our
Ocrinana c ill it, irav, U seventy-four in. Us daily,
taking down about 100 Ions. To mine ihe 3U0
tons, double or tr hie sets of band i.re occupied
lay aud night if day it cm l cal eJ, in the bow
el of mother eaitli.
- Prrbapa you may n t be aware that one of lhee
Schiiiiikewngons" i named fhum kin, a name
ill rived, il is snid, ficm the old Indian umnuncia-
lion of the English woid Smoking. For this I do
not vouch, but if true it is p.opli, tic of Us end
1 lie contrast o) Hie M wagon ami the modern en
gine reminds me of the i o.tic il u. ration v. Inch I
aber ihus I do not aay amend :
" VS ben Yucob strives the coal's vaat we'ght to
The hore labor and the team moves slow ;
Not so when silt SJiamokin scours the plain.
Files o'rt ihe uubeuding iron, and skims along
S. much for a arndy of Poie.
MYwu will perhsp inquire what becomes of the
coal after it reaches Sunbury. Pstt of il is poured
into the Danville boats, out of Ihe cars, to foi d the
consumption, but much the greater part of it i
shipped down tho canal towards tide. How
much reacho Ilavre-tle-grace and Ualtunore you
can learn more ra ly than I, if you do nut know
"As the Shamokin and Wtslern Mahanoy Coal
fiield abounds with iron ore, you wi'd nituraly
suppose ilia' iron works aie pioj ciet'l there, and
when thee ial and iron lie in such close fellowship,
il were strange if they did not waim each other.
Accordingly one of the finest furnace stark In the
United SMes hss been recently finished. It is 38
feet base by 40 feet in height, and in every resjecl,
I believe, eontrucied in the best manner, by Mr.
Trego, (he elder. Another ia to be erected along,
side of it in the Spring, and one or more Rolling
Mills are projected.
Perhaps I msy write further soon."
Frrdrrirk William, Kins of Trnssia.
The following is the speech of the new king of
Pru si, who hss just ascended the throne of his
anci ators. Prussia, it must be remembered, enjoys
a better system of general education th in any other
goverment on earth. The people are generally
highly intelligent, and as such it will be ae,n hi
majesty addresse them :
14 In this moat solemn moment of receiving the
homage of my German dominions, of thi noblest
race of the most noble ieople, and recollecting the
memorable scene, of K mig'hurg, an 1 which ia here
repeated, I call upon U.hI to be pleased lo confirm
with hi Alm glity Amen the vows which have been
just expressed, which I mndd at Konigsburg, and
which I here confirm, I now promise to conduct my
goverment in the fear ef Cod, and in love to man,
with open eyes in inaMer relating to the wants
of my people and my ag , wi h eyes closed
when justice is to be administered. I will a far as
in my power and my will extend maintain peace
in my time; I will truly and to ihe utmost of my
power, second the noble endeavors of fie great
Powers, who for a quarter of a century have lieen
the faithful guardians of the peace of Euioe." (The
King's word were receiv, d by the people with the
mo.t enthusiastic acclamation.) M Above alt, it
sh ill I e my endeavor to secure to my cauntry ihe
position to which Divine Providence has raised it
through a histo y which has not its parallel, in
which Prussia has become the shield of the s.loiy
and the right of Germany. In all point I will so
govern, that I may lie acknowledged as ihe true son
of a never to be forgntton father, of the never lo be
forgotten mother, vtho-e memoiy will be blest fiom
generation to gi ncration. But ways of Kings are
rich in tenrs, and worthy of teats, unless they arc
aided by I ho heart and mind of the people. There
fore in the enthusiasm of love for mv g'orious
country, for my people born in arms in ficcdoin and
oliediance. (His M iiety pronounced these last
words with sn elevated voice and great enetgy, on
which loud and long continued acclamations burst
from thejpeople, which did not cease til hia Majesty
made a sign to them) I add. ess lo you, gentleman,
in tins olemn hour, a solemn qne tion, if, you can,
as I hope, answer me in your own mines, in the
nam a of tliose who sent you here, Knight, citizen",
and country people, and of the innumctahlo crowd
hero assembled, who can hear my voice, I ak you.
will you, with heart and mind in hand and deed,
and wiih your whole soul and the holy fide i y of
the G. rmans - with the si. II more holy love of the
Christain aid and s-mist me to preserve Prussia as
il is, and as it mii-l rem.ii i it will not decline 1
Will you sid and asist me to develop inoie and
more the j.lnriou qttal.ties through which I'ru-wi.i,
with its popula'ion nf only 14,000,000, is placed in
the rank of the great Powers of he earh namely,
honor, fidelity, jus'ice and truth a progrc-s in wis
dom of sge, and the heroic energy of youth ! will
you not leave nor abend n me in these my eflorts
will you faithfully stand by me through go. d and
evil days 1 Oh, then an-wrr me with the clear, the
noblest words of our mother tongue answer uie
with an honest ja (yes.) ( The " yes" rea lunded
from eety side Ji'ihe crowded square, and the ex
pression in the answer pronounced by many thous
ands correspondent with the warmth with which
thr question had been addiesscd to the people.) The
solemnity of the day is imporlunt to the S ato and
to the world but youi "ye" was for me that i
my own that I will not give up that unites u
iudissolublv in mutual love and fidelity that give
courage, rnergy, comfort that I will not forget in
my dying hou-, I will keep my vow, which I pro
nounce here and at Kouig-burg ao help me God.
In confirmation, I raise my right hand to heaven
complete now the solemn ceieinony and may the
fiuitful lile.-ing of (io I ic.-l uu thi hour." ( I he
inipre-sioii made by these woids need not and can
not lie described.)
We taust not omit to mention that the rain, fall
ing in tonenls, Ica-enetl, indeed the S lendor of the
day , l ut made ihe scene more impressive ; for noth
ing but the enthusiasm which animated the whole
a-einliy cou'd have made thern insensible to the
unpropitii u weather. Hereupon the oath was ad
miiiisU'ifd by Privy Councillor M ithio, aud the
oath prsnouncid by about SO 000 people resounded
not i nly as from one mouth, but a from one heart
and one mind. Aftur repeated huzzas to the King,
and then lo ihe Queen, amidst the thunder of the
artillery and ringing of Mis, the hymn, "Nun
ilanket alio ttjit," (Now let all thank God.) was
sung by all the rsn present an asaembluge of
I lo.wcen fifty and my thousand people m the
Ma. Eiiitob With your permimioti, I intend
occasionally to occupy a small portion of your cc
1 .inns, in giving such views and reflections upon
ihe follies and indesrretion of the day, a the wis
dom nf age and experience may suggest.
Many person are disposed to think that true
politeness con-i-t entirely in etiquette. This is
howevi r, a grout mistake. True politeness is the
natural result of genuine good feeling, and benevo
lence of disposition ; and it matters but little in what
f irm or manner it is ixp essed. The honest yeo
man, who remains immovable in his sest while he
welcome his guest, by telling him to ''come in and
hunt himself a chair," frequently evinces more true
politeness than the most refined coxcomb who re
ceives hi visitor bowing and scraping, enquiring
after the h alth of his family, for which he cares a
bout as little as he does for the man in the moon,
while hi cold formalities plainly betray that the me
chanical motion of h'a lipa have nothing to do with
the sjiontaneou emotions of ihe soul. I Jo not pre
t nd tossy that ttiquelte should be entirely abo
lished. A certain degree of etiquette is absolutely
he.'esxary, and a certain routine of form and cere
mony will alwaya be adopted in all societies. Of
this I do not comp'ain. But this cold, unmeaning.
and I might aay, hypociitiral pantomime, which
the shackels of fashionable society imposes upon
it Votaries, and which impels them to express what
they do not mean or (eel, is ia the highest degree
censurable, and should be avoided.
There i a species ol Independence, which young
men frequently assume, that sets with an ill grace
upon their persons. I mean that eelf-willcd obsti
nacy, which they would fuin Itlieve was real inde
pendence, that fiequeutly induces them lo declare
that thry "don't careawhat the people say or what
the people think.
The man who professes a totul disregard for pub
lic opinion, is generally a great slave lo his vicrs or
passions, and pote less rial indejvendci.ee than
his more circumspect neighbor. Ha who i really a
highminded and truly Independent man, so far as
a man can be independent, will generally show it
by his conduct and actions, not by his vain boast
ings. There is prebably not an inmate in any of
our penrtentiarics, who haa not boasted more of his
personal independence,' or more properly, his disre
gard of public opinion, than any of hi honest neigh
The recent opesings of ore mines in the vicinity
of Danville, but st-engthens the opinion heretofore
formed, that this i thcVentre of the ore region in
this quarter of the State as we have it hero in
m luniains of the iuret quility. There is not on
ly enough lo supply all the furnaces erecting and
projected here for agea to come, but plenty t ) meet
the wants nf those who arc embarking in ihe busi
ness at the Shamokin coal region, and other less
favored places. We understand that Biddle, Cham
bers St Co. have conttacied for the sale of four or
five thousand tons of ore from tlieir mines, to the
company who have erected iron works at Shamo
kin, to lie used next season. An exchange of ore
for coal, and coal for ore, between Shamokin and
Danville, must become an extensive bu iness, and
a source nf great profit to all concerned in the trade.
Such exchanges will soon induce cipitalists lo make
a short rail road to connect these coal, ore, and iron
regions, Danville Iniclligrncer,
Danville Steam Mill.
The magnificent new steam flouring mill, erect
id on the site of the Canal, at Danville, in 1839.
has tended materially to promote the growth of the
town, and add lo the comfort and convenience of
il citizens. The people, not only of the town, but
from the country, sensibly feel, and eagerly em
brace, the advantages alTrrded by the ateady opera
tion of this new steam mill. The establishment
has encountered some accidents, such as the break
ing of cast iion wheels. Slc. but the emrgy, indus
try anj euterpiize of the gentleman who carried the
project into ilT.tct, soon accomplished the repairs,
so that those who depend upon ihe mill for tln ir
wotk or fl tur, have always been accommodated
Thc excellent chancier of tho mill, however, at
tracted " more bag" till the power of thc ma '.hinery
was found insuiTicicnt lo do thc work. 200 bushels
a day, on an average, would no longer suffice.
Consequently the proprietor is now having another
boiler added to the rest, with a view to putting on
Moit steam ! si as to run four pair of burs con
stantly, if required. These additions and improve
ment will be completed in a few days, when all
who will, may sell grain, buy fl ur, or have it man
factured. The fixtures in the mill are compb te for
makin? mer. hant work, but it is worthy of remark,
that all the flour now manufactured at the mill, is
sold lo the citizens of the town, and vicinity, a f jt
as it is bolted, a id ready for delivery. And last
spring the proprietor sent 4,000 bu-hels of grain to
the city market, the mill being so much engaged at
country work thtit it could not flour all the grain
taken in. At this establishment the producer his
s good and steudy market I ear homr, and the con
sumer c iuld not have a better arrangement to keep
up a constant supply of fl ur for family use. Our
citizens are indebted lo Peter Baldv, E-q., now the
olde-t and mo.-t successful merchant in the place,
for this indispensable addition to our notable im
proveDients -Danville Intel.
Steam and Anthracite.
On this suhjtci a lite nun. her of the National
" We recently spoke f the importance of the
min'ral wealth of Pennsylvania the vast resources
of her Coal and lion. We might at the same time
have adverted to the mammoth iron steamship men
tioned yesterpay, now building by the Great Wes
tern S.camship Company at Br'stl, England, to
ply between that city and New York. This iron
steamship i to register 3000 tons, her actuJl ton
nage la exceed 3G0O tons, or about COO tons nv re
than any other ship. Her engine are to bo of 1000
horse power." it is calculated that h r tripe will be
made in ten days. The screw propeller haa been
adapted to her construction.
Gigantic as this undeitaking may at first vie
appear to be, it cannot be understood unless we
look at the real working power. The engine is net
to do the work of only 1000 horses il is lo do the
work of 3000 horses for it woiks through the c
secutive 24 houis of the day, and therefore will per.
f rm ihe labor of three a 'la of 1000 horses each-
supposing that a hoise cm perform eight hours
of labor per diem and maintain hi strength. Let
us now loi.k at the probable consumption of coal in
this vast machine thi insa iable vole mo of com
bustion. It may be presumed that about 1200 tons
of coal would lie required on rach passage, and that
she. might m ke twenty-four pass iges pel annum
This would give for the whole yeai's consumption
28,000 ton. lu her outward paasage she ought to
use Ptnn ylvania coal (for we have abundance of bi
tuminous and aemi-bituminoua coal, if anthracite be
not successful) and thi would give 14,400 tons,
which, at seven d dlar per ton, would make 100,
800 dollar per annum for the supply of this single
steamer from oar own mineral resource.
The Xovelly Iron works.
In company with a select patty of ladies and gen
tlemen, we were pri senl at the casting of a large
cylinder, by Mesrs, Waid, Stillnun it Co., the
proprietors of the above work, on Tuesday after
noon, and can truly say that we were never mure
gratified than by this really sublime spectacle.
This cylinder is one of the larger! ever cast in
tbia country, and is intended for the Russian steam
vessel Kamschalka, lately built and Uuuchid from
the yarj of the " Novelty Works."
When finiibeJ, would be 13 feet t inches long, 02
inches internal diameter, I 1-3 inches thick, and re
quired ten tons of melted iron to fill the mould.
This is eon.tructcd principally of brick, built up
on and secured by Urge quantities of iron work,
and when the whole is finished nd perfectly dry,
it is sunk into the floor of the ca.t n-houe its
whole length: so that a per sou not acquainted with
suih matins would hardly suspect the exis enc of
the space beneath his feet prepared to receive the
large amount of liquid iron which meets his visw
on enteting the fjundry, a short time kfure euch
casting is made.
The iron was melted at the rate of 3 or 4 tuns
per hour and collected in a larga ve, sol placed near
the mould, and when the required quantity was ob
tained, a passage was opened for it at the bottom,
fiom which it flowed in a beautiful sparklina stream,
of about 8 or 10 feet to the mould, and Ihe wl.ole
os?ration of casting completed in between two and
and three minutes. Kew World,
Itnxes nt the Post OtHcr.
The New World say: as reform is to be the or
der of the day, we would suggest one with regard
to the Post office, in seison f. r " the next adminis
tration" to think about it. The prices charged for
boxes to the merchants is, considering the emolu
ments derived therefrom by the city Postmasters,
cltogether too exorbitant. In the New Yoik oHloe
for example, there are twenty five hundred boxes,
for which the meichunls pay four dollars a year
each. Thus accrues a perquisite i,f ten thousand
dollars per annum ! Enormous! Daes this goto
thc Postmasters 1 We ask for information ; having
an indistinct remembrance that there was or waa
proposed some act of Cungress restricting the sal,-.
ries of thc Postmasters lo a certain sum.
Removals front Office.
We hope among the removal from office, which
the ins seem to apprehend, and the ou's to claim,
one man in particular will bo tfpared. He is a po.-t-mant.rin
Maine, near the Aroostook line, who,
when Col. Barry took command of the Poftoffice
Department, and waa sweeping all before him in
the shape of reform, addressed him a letter which
ran in the Ihe following vein :
" My D.ar Colnel : The sound nf ynur broom
which is now sweeping ihe Augean stabl s i echo
ing among these distant hills; village and forest
are alike fi led with dismiy ; the bird forsake the
woods, the trembling infant flics to its mother's
arms, and even strong men find their joints give
way ; they shoke like Belshazar at the visonary
hand that wrote his death-doom. I tremble for my
office I hove eleven i-mall children, and nine of
thern are gills It yield me now three dollars
thirty-sevtn and a iialf cents a year this enal les
me to buy them sog r plumbs, jwsharp, piccanin
nies, besides a ' thanksgiving' goose. I cast m self
on your clememy. Ever faithfully your.." .Ymc
The De'roit Advertiser of the 26th ult. give nn
account of a most atrocious outrage, which took
place at the town of Highland, Oakl nd county,
whereby a Mr. Phineos L. Davi had the whole of
the fine stock on his farm killed, destroyel, or ta
ken away. He had succeeded in making hi farm
one of Ihe best stocked ia the country, by procu
ring the best and most expensive b.eeds of animals.
It appears that on Sunday morning of lat week, be
fore day-light, twenty-five men, armed with knivc
and othar missiles, came to the farm in wagons, and
witl.out nny ceremony, proceeded to the barns and
out houses, and killed some twenty bogs, drove t i
some twenty or thiily others, four fine horses, one
double wagon and harness, one bull, twenty-three
heep, six hundred bu-hels of oaU, three hut.dred
bushels .f corn, besides several harrows, plou;lw,
and other firming utensils; and, worse than all,
ripped open several fine breeding sows of the Berk
shire breed, by which brutal act between six'y and
eighty pigs were destroyed !
Mr. Davis immediately, on hcaiing of his misfor
tune, look cctive measure to am st the perpetra
tors, anil in a short time, succeeded in arresting
nineteen of them, and great hopes were entertained
of bringing to justice the lemainder of the gang. It
is said that thi outrage could not have occurred,
but for the peculiar character of the She-ilT of the
county, who ia believed lo Iss an arrant scamp
During the investigation into the outrage, he intuit
appraisers of two of the robbers, and in anothe
instance, took one oftlte thieves us bail for the soft
return nf one of the horses he had stolen, Th
Sheriff has :ince ran away.
A writer in the New York Mercury, who si ni
himself Dow, Jr., and every week manufacture i
short, patent sermon" for the benefit of the read
crs of that racy sheet, never fail to hit the righ'
nail on the head. His setmon are quaint, humor
ous and of a good moral tendency. Listen to wha
he saya of two kinds of inebriates t
Behred FriciuLt : I know of another of tin
fail human race. whi is now in the prime of life
and the empire i f whose mind ha been planted b;
nature with those trees which hear ,he fruit of prin
ciple, rather than the fascinating h!o-aoms of sent:
men! ; bui ths blight of dissipation ha thuseirl
fell upon his fair pro peels and now one of the no
blest woiks of God is falling lo ruin, for the wxn
of a moral prop to support it in its last st ige of di
cay. He is now, as it were, slipping down
greased plank to peiditt n. He often stick in hi
clutches, and tries to hold on, but finding his phy.
ical faculties in a state of prostration, he call tlou
for Joe to bring him another glass of brandy an
water to strengthen his nerves to enable him I
meet his fate with that courage which t'le erU r
quire. The little black bot'le which be places i
his bedside to allay all nocturnal delicious irsn
blinds, will aoon aland empty by his coffin, an
with a triumphant smile, proclaim Twaa I ih
did the deed ! I hand him over to the protectii
of a merciful Piovidence, I know another, who
I venerate for his gray hair, and respect for hi u
banity sf manners, who I su find of " dogs' nose
that I fear the latter end of his existence will I
chopped off a square a a saw -mill log, instead
tapering to thai almost imperceptible point to whh
the prudent and the temperate extend. Instead
repeating the prayers which hi mother taught hi
in his youth, i re he retires lo hia slumbers, be cla
a )i'rua night-cap on hia head, ainga the aong
" Begone Dull Care," and bid good night lo Irr
Lie unuiindiul whether the luoirowhhalt fiud h