Newspaper Page Text
From tfit Nal'.villt. L'nitm.
CUn. Jackson anil Annrailnn.
Wts ptosrnt our readers to-day with another
letter from Gen Jackson onth subject of imme
liate annexation of Texas to the United States,
in which he brings this important question Wore
tho country in iti true light. Thii lottrr comes
forth at the urgent request of General Jackson's
numerous friends, who have addressed him of
lite, and expressed a desire to know if his senti
ments have not changed in regard to annexation,
since so much information has been brought to
bear upon this great measure by the letters of
Jr. Tun Buren and other distinguished men of
HiftMiTAOf , May 13, ISM.
To tfie Et:tor of the Vninn.
Sir : I am induced to address you this letter,
because I have, within a few days past, received
letters from many of my friends, who have ex
pressed a desire to know whether my views in
rlat!on to the policy of annexing Texas to tho
United States have been changed by the light
which the subject has received from the recent
letters of Mr. Van Buren, and other prominent
citi7en ; and because it seems to be necessary
that I should answer or be misunderstood.
Having no connection with the question, ex
cept the interest which, in common with other
citizens, I take in all that concerns my country,
what I have heretofore said upon it was dictated
by no design to be a prominent actor. It was
certainly far from my expectation that there
should be an effort in any quarter to make the
question a mere party one. Hence when it
was brought to my notice some twenty months
ago, by the honorable Mr. Brown of this State,
I answered his inquiries with promptness and
1 had not forgotten the principles by which my
adininstation had been guided when Attempting
to obtain Texas by negociatton with Mexico, nor
the care which was taken to convince Mexico af
terwards that this government had no agency, di
r -ctly or indirectly, in the steps resorted to by
the people of Texas to establish for themselves
un independent government. In the reference
which Mr. Van Buren has made to my conduct
ss President in these respects, he has stated what
is entirely true ; and has delineated, with the a
bility and perspicuity which so eminently dis
tinguish him, "the general principles which char
acterise the course of our government m its in
tercourse with foreign powers. But, just and
accurate as he is, and subscribing, most fully, :,s
I do. to all that he alleges as applicable to the
question as it stood in my administration, and as
it did under his own, I think that the circumstan
ces are so far altered as to give a new aspect to
the whole question, and to authorize a rorrespon
ding change in the direction with which our go
vernment may now act upon.
At the present period, it connot be doubted
that Texas is able to maintain her independence
of Mexico, if each State is left to its own resour
ces, uninfluenced and unaided by any foreign pow
er. Eight years have elapsed since the memo
rable battle of San Jacinto, and there has been
no serious attempt on the part of Mexico to oc
cupy the country, and it is certain none tan be
made with ajjy prospect of success. In this state
of affairs, acknowledged by ourselves ami the
principal powers of the world as an independent
nation, and treated an such, Texas renews to us
tin-almost unanimous wish of her citizens to be
annexed to the United States, telling us, substan
tially, that if now repulsed, she must form such
alliance elsewhere as will best enable her to im
prove her resources and repair the disasters which
she has suffered from a protracted quasi war.
She is sensible that her happiness will be best
secured by incorporation into our Union that
the disposition and pursuits of her people, being
the disposition and pursuits of her people, being
homogeninns with those of the United States, can
receive no adequate protection from any other
quarter. We admit the truth of these assertions,
and feel that they constitute a powerful motive
for action, independent of the considerations
which are suggested hy a prudent regard for the
stability of our own institutions.
In reference to Mexico, I would use the fol
lowing language : We have carefully abstained
from nil interference with your relations to Tex
as except to acknowledge her independence, in
the same manner and upon the same principles
that we did your independence when you sepa
rated from Spain. We have, indeed, been more
scrupulous with you than with Spain, for, with
out consulting or respecting the feelings of the
latter power, oir Government did not hesitate to
op?n anegociation with you for the retrocession
of Texas, and that, too, long before your inde
pendence was acknowledged by Spain. But the
time has now come when we feel that this deli-'
cacy ought no longer to restrain us from a treaty
with Texas, particularly as we know that our
failure to do so will produce results that may en
danger the safety of our own confederacy.
I cannot think there is diserepenry between
these views and those avowed by my administra
tion, when proper allowance is made for the
change of circumstances, or that they contain
any well founded cause for complaint ou the part
It may now be stated as a fuet, on which we
may rely with the greatest confidence, that if
Texas be not speedily admitted into our confe
deracy, she must and will be inevitably driven
into alliance and commercial regulations with the
European powers, of a character highly injuri
ous and probably hostile to this r ouotry. What
would then be our condir ioi, i New Or)ean and
the whole valley of the Mississippi would be en
dangered. The numerous hordes of savages
within the limits of Texa, and on her borders,
would be easily excited to make war upon our
I do not deem it necessary to be more explicit
here in the enumeration of the reasons which
justify, to my mind, ihe speedy annexation of
Texas to the United States. My aim is to give
to this country the strength to arsis foreign in-
tcrf-rrncc. Without Texas wo shall hot have
this strength. She is ths key to our safety in
the South and West. She offers this key to us
on fair nnd honorable terms. Let us take it, and
lock the door against future danger. We can do
it without just offence to Mexico. Indeed, we
may say that the measure is called for by the in
terests of Mexico, no less than of our own ; for
without it she can have no reliable guarantee a
gainst future invsion.
Alto the'foimof annexation, I do not think it
material whether it be by treaty or upon the ap
plication of Texas by anact or joint resolution of
I cannot cTosc these remarks without saying
that my regard for Mr. Van Buren is so great,
and my confidence in his love of country is
strengthened by so long and intimate an acquain
tance, thai no difference ou this subject can
change my opinion of his character. He has evi
dently prepared his letter from a knowledge only
of the circumstances bearing on the subject ns
they existed at the close of his administration
and which manifest the probability of a drnger
our interference with the affairs of Texas by a
foreign power. I am, respectfully,
Your servant, Andrew Jacrsox.
A flurer and Remarkable Trial,
New Kind of Lover Suit. A most re
markable suit, and ss amusing as remarkable,
w as tried in the: Boston Common Pleas on Wed.
neaday. It was an action brought by Nathan
iel Haley against George B. WiggHnsand wife,
to recover the worth of certain articles advan
ced to Mrs. Wiggans, whnn she wss Mis Mary
Ann Tibbctts, and when Mr. Nathaniel Us ley
was wooing her, and which he intended at that
time to be comideied as love tokens. Mr.
Wipgsns put in for Miss T.'s fuvors, and ticing
the likelier of the two, won them, and poor 11a-
ley was left without any redress for the injury
dune to his lacerated affections but the bringing
of a suit to recover the money's worth of the
pledges and testimonials of a hive so cruelly
slighted. These "tokens" consisted of presents
or gifts, and certain sums advanced fur her be
nefit, and in payment of such little charges as
young gentlemen incur when they give their
lady-loves excursions in the country in horse
carriages and over rnil-roinlr. It is not to be
supposed shut he repented of those acts of gorl
will, these tokens of sweet remembrances, till
circumstances transpired which changed their
relative positions, and left him deprived of his
Indy-love, and her the chosen object of another's
affections. The following is the "Bill of Par
ticulars: George Wiggtina to Nathaniel Haley, Dr.
To cash lent M. A. Tibbetta from 1910
to 1914, ??5 00
To cash paid for do., during said time, for
board, i aihond and ttagr fare, and
various articles of wearing apparel
and nthe'r thing n,
Gtods told and delivered to said Mary
Ann during said time 2 pi ir kid
hoes, shawl, basket, umbrella, and
muff, 20 00
It wascontended tor the defendant, that these
presents were gifts which the lover, having fai
led in one kind of suit, sought by another to
change into the character of a contract. The
jury was not satisfied with the proof brought
by Ihe plaintiff to show that there was aeon
tract, and they could not agree, consequently
the slighted Mr. II. obtained no satisfaction from
the law. The case should be instructive to
young gentlemen similarly affected, and teach
them not to be too extravagant at first in bri
bing the affections of their fair ones, unless
they make a charge of it at the time in their
Accident in thi Mines at Pottsville
On Tuesday last, an explosion of fire-damp took
place in the mine worked by Messrs. Miller &
Haggerty, at Pottsville, by which five persons
were burned, though fortunately not enough to
cause fatal results. The accident was caused by
the intentional ignition of the gas, a course which
although dangerous, is frequently practiced. The
miners, on 1 ucsuay, liaving discovered tliat
there was some fire-damp in the breasting they
were about to work, allowed a small boy to fire
it, thinking that there would be but a slight ex
plosion. But it appears that there was a hole or
offsett in a working adjacent to the spot, in which
a large body of the inllamable matter had collect
ed, and when the lamp was applied, this mass
of air exploded and rushed out over their bodies,
The men, being accustomed to such scenes, threw
themselves upon their faces, and the volume
rolled over them without injuring them very se
riously ; but the boy was severely buined.
Death of an In vast Calred nv a Cat. -I
On Tuesday afternoon, the wif of Dr. Brant
ner, of Pottsville, having left her infant ch, Id,
about G months old asleep in her chamber, went
Delow to attend to tiei onmestic duties, (.ipon
returning, she found a large cat lying upon the
infant's breast, with iti head near the child's
mouth, as if in the act of sucking its breath.
Upon examination the child wus discovered to
be dead, having met its death in this inotst ex
traordinary and distressing manner.
Mii.i frikm The 'Midnight Cry," of the
23d inst., mv "We confess that our pub
lished time is past, and thut, as honest inon,
we cannot point to definite days in the future.
We beliave the 12:1(10 days will extei.d to the
end ; and that the end can only be delayed an
long as our published time, reckoning by unin
spired chronology, which may have varied from
HaiUtones, four and a half inches in girth, fell
at rhambly, Canada, on th fth ult
a a - .-i
Saturday, June 1, I Ml.
Democratic Komi nation.
JAMBS K. POLK,
FOR VICE PRESIDENT.
CSTT. a n
or WE W tORK.
II E X n Y A. M U II L K X B E R O.
FOB CANAL COMMI.'MtONKR,
Preiulent and Vier Pretidtnt if the V Statet
WILSON Mr ANT-LESS, (V,,.,i,i
ASA DIMOCK, J Senatorial.
Geo. F. Lehman, 1.1. Gtorgr Schnabi.e,
Christian Kneass, I t.
William 11. Smith, IS
NaTH'i.. B. F.I.tRED,
M. N. Irvi.xe,
John Hill, (Phila.) 16
5. Samcf.l E. Leech, 17.
C. Sami'elCami, 13.
7. Jessk Shahfe, 19.
8. N. W. Samm.e. 20.
y Wm. Heipe.nrf.ich, Cl.
10. CoNRAO BlII.MER, a.
11. Stephen Bai.dy, 3.'l.
12. Jonah Brewster, 24.
O" We arc indebted to the Hon. B. A. Bid
lack for his speech in Csngriss, on the tariff.
7" The Crops In this and the neighbor
ing counties the crops have never presented a
finer appearance than at present. Pi nit will
aUo be abundant. The season appears to be
three or four weeks in advance of the usual time.
C7 Shad The first shad caught this season,
in this neighborhood, was taken about a week
since, by a rn ft passing through the breakers at
the end of the schute, in the Shamokin dam. The
steersman dropped his oar and grubbed the piue
instantcr. A few have since been caught in dip
Ej?" The Shamokin Anthracite Firxace.
We are pleased to learn that this furnace, under
the management of the Messrs. Potleys, is now
in successful operation, making iron of good
quality. A full bed of pigs are cast every twelve
hours. Thus we find furnace after furnace re
suming business, or put into operation, giving
employment to thounnds. These arc the benefi
cial effects of a good tariff.
The Nominations for rmiilcnt and Vice Presi
dent. We have delayed going to Press until we re
ceived the final result of the Convention. We
have prepared for our Teaders, in another column,
a condensed but complete account, of the whole
proceedings, collated from tho Baltimore daily
papers. We have only time, at present, to say
that Gov. Polk is will known as an able man,
and an intimate friend of Gen. Jackson. Gov.
Polk was, a few years since, Speaker of the House
of Representatives, in Congress, and then Gov
ernor of Tennessee. Silas Wright is now, and
bus been for many years, in the U. S. Senate.
He is universally respected for his eminent a-
bilitics and gentlemanly deportment. Mr.
Wright, it will be seen, has declined. Who has
been nominated in his stead, we have not yet
C7 Military Trainings. Monday and Tues
day last were two great days for military dis
play in this borough. On the first day the Vol
unteer Battullion was held, composed of a num
ber of companies from this and Union county.
The companies, gen'-rally, made a handsome ap
pearance, and were efcorted into town by the
" Sunbiiry Greys," accompanied with the Band.
On Tuesday the general militia muster came off
The late art requiring all young men over 18
years to train, added cons ideinbly to the number.
They were armed as umiuI, some with canes,
umbrella handles, and other deadly weapons,
w hile others, btill more warlike, hud provided
themselves with pistols, with brush handles in
serted in the muzzle, up to the more formidable
Revolutionary inu.-k -t, without flint or trigger.
The music was abundant, and some of it very
good. Yankee Doodle was frequently brought
into requisition, and if it was not played as skil
fully, it was at least performed with as many va
riations as were ever produced by the bow and
fiddle of Ola Bull or Vieux Temps. The officers,
generally, made a line appearance. One of the
Cuptains, however, somewhat confused with the
movements, we uii'lerf-tand, lost his company
and had some difficulty in "defining his position."
The Battullion was the largest we probably ever
had in this place, and we are pleased to say, all
passed off peaceably and quietly.
We were also present on Wednesday, at the.
Mahonoy Battullion. Tho" concourse of people
was very great. Th officers kept the Battalhon
in active exercise for four or five hours. The
Lykens Valley Troop wcrs present. We regret
to say, however, thut some beastly fighting took
place in the evening.
K7" TvLtx Convention The Tyler
vention also met, and after some discussion and
good deal of confusion, John Tyler was nomi
nated a candidate for the Presidency. A few of
the members were for awaiting the action of the
regular democratic convention.
E7The Spirit of the Times says, that the
whig ladies drink nothing but FrelingAyon tea,
since the Baltimore Convention. After the e
lection they will probably resort, by way of a
! change, to hyson skin.
ftT Ourselves. Wc hare invariably abstain
ed from publishing any notices, complimentary
to ourself, er the course which we have pursued.
But, at the present time, when tho servility and
squeamishness of tome, has induced them to cen
sure us for daring to exercise that invaluable
right of every freeman the expression of our o-
pinion, it may not be improper to refer to the o
pinionsfcf some of our cotemporariea. The Lan
caster Democrat, in reference to the very mat
ter, thua speaks of the course which we have
pursued : .
"Thb Riomt Commie. The editor of the
Sunhury American hss been censured, by the
thoughtless portion of his democratic friends,
because ho will not descend to abuse and vi
tuperation when speaking of tho federal can
ilnte hr tho Presidency. Huch a course ns has
been pursued by Mr. Masser cannot fail to com
mand the respect of his political opponents ;
and, in the end, is the most likely one to mske
converts fjr tho csitse he ft ably advocates.
Many, very many editors, of both partivs, tm
treq-iently imlttlij in Innjrnnrjp, when opnna
inj? the elnirns ot' certain distinffhiished esndi
dtes for office, which they would he afraid
to apply to their humldi'st neighbor ; and they
may rest assured that it is neithpr a mark of
couraije, decency, or wit, to apply beastly epi-
inets to alien ot our public men whose posi
tion and standing forbid the flmhtest notice
of such filthy and puerile attacks. Wo have
alt seen the wanton, coarse, and vindicitivn
manner in which the private character of Jack
son, Van riiiren, Benton, Kendall, Ada ma and
Clay has been assailed; and seen it only tode.
plore the decencies of life violated, and the
prostitution of a venal press tflarinjrly expos
ed. For our own part, we Iwdievo that the
politics! principles of Ilenry Clav are p.q'ial-
1y odious, dutitreroiis and dnitrurtive 5 and tn
show tl'of principles in their true lirjht it
quite sufficient without falsely reprrsentinir
him as a blood thirsty villain, or a monster in
CI?" Some of the Whig editors, who note pro
fess to have so much regard for the opinion of
I On. Jackson, have asserted that the old Hero had
! no confidence in Henry A. Muhlenberg. The
following extract of a letter from Gen. Jackson
settles this slander :
"I love Henry A. Muhlenberg I oy hint,
because in him them is no f)iric(iiur von al
ways know where to find him." An. JacKsnn.
Editorial, Cnndi niril niirt Srlrotril.
Father Mathew, the great Temperance Re
former of Ireland, may be expected here in the
course of the next month, in one of our New York
Ths one-pay elkction The bill before Con
gress to authorise all the States to vote for Pre
sidential Electors on the same day, fixes the
"Tuesday next after the first Monday of Novem
ber," as the day of election. It is the day on
which the N.York State election is held.
Oir minister, Mr. Everett, has entered a
complaint at the London police office against one
of his acrvants for thrcatning to assinatc him.
The fellow had been discharged by Mr E., with
out a "character," on account of drunkeness. -
A Girl was struck by lightning in Cincinnati
on Wednesday week. She was on the roof of a
house, and had hold of a feather bed at the time.
The application of ice water was successfully ap
plied and restored her. The bed saved her life.
The Savannah Sun says a runaway negro be
ing hotly pursued, yesterday evening, leaped from
the third story on one of the Bluff counting
rooms and broke his neck.
Fifty Counsellors and eighty odd new Attor
neys were created in New York at the late term
of our State Supreme Corut.
Cramp Two or three spoonfuls of ktrong ley
made of oak ashes and mixed with molasses, are
recommended as a positive cure for cramp.
A thunder storm passed over Richmond, Va.,
on Thursday. The lightning struck in eight dif
ferent places. No lives lost.
Fort Wilxins. The new post at Copper
Harbor, on Lake Superior, is to be called Fort
Wilkins, in honor of the Secretary of War.
Governor Roberts of Liberia, arrived in New
York in the Atalanta, from Monrovia, accom
panied by his w ife and little daughter
A colored servant girl, was burnt to death at
New Orleans on the 12th instant, by the explo
sion of a camphine lamp.
Frvit in Englanp Peaches were recently
sold at Covent Garden Market, London, at CO
shillings per dozen, and cherries at 40 shillings
Ths Olpest Printer. George Goodwin, of
Hartford, aged 68, and the oldest printer in the
United States, died on Monday last.
It is stated that the visit of Ex-Gov. Davis, of
Massachuscts, to Europe, is in relation to the
detTf of Illinois, which he will doubtless satis
Stock spscclatio.n are thriving hugely at New
York. One paper says, that the rise in stocks
has made the fortune of many hold speculators.
Three persons at least who were on the list of
j bankrupts have cleared 4 or 500,000 do!-
lars by the rise of stocks within a short period.
uno niitise nas nouoratiiy puu up losses on Nor
wich and Worcester to the amount of one hun
dred thousand dollars; others are following
More than one thousand emigrants arrived
at the port of N. York, from Europ-, on Thurs
day and Friday last.
To get rid of mosquitoes, takes few hot coala
on a shovel or chafing dish, and burn upon them
some brown auar in your bed rooms and par
lors, and you effectually banish or destroy every
mosquito for the night.
A New York paper announces at Peale's
Museum, an "Orphan family, consisting of fa
ther, mother and aeven children."
An inhuman wtetch, named Frost, residing
in Whitehall, in the Slate ot New York, mur
dered four of his own children last week.
Tho Lancaster Democrat, speaking of the can
didates for Governor, thua refers to the qualifica
tions of Ocn. Markel :
"No one ever heard of this hero this "fighting
captain," as he is humorously called this mer
ciless slayer of Indians until a few weeks pre
vious to hia nomination. It was then all at once
discovered that his deeds wer blazoned in histo
rythat he was the" victor of many a hard fought
field and that he had killed an Indian ; and on
the strength of this last performance, the people
of this State owed him a debt of gratitude almost
too heavy for them to liquidate. He had slain a
poor, naked, dirty, skulking savage; and. con
sequently no other man could be so safely trust
ed with the destinies of this great commonwealth.
r. i I , ...,.i.,
aureiy sucn arrant numougtrery must dc signa iv i
. , , , , ,. , '
office must provide himself with the scalp of
some wretched Indian, if he wishes to secure the
sweet suffrages of an innocent and credulous peo
ple. We wish the people of this country to throw
aside all party feeling, and calmly and honestly J
compare the character and qualifications of the
j two gentlemen who are now placed in nomina
tion as candidates for the gubnernatorial chair ;
and then as calmly and as honestly endeavor to
ascertain the results which would likely flow
from the elevation of Mr. Muhlenberg or Mar-
kel. No one, we believe, will attempt to deny j mitten on credentials, accompanied by a list of
that the latter gentleman is utterly unfit for any the names of the delegateo. Al'icr this was set
responsible office, and that if he should be elect- I t)r( rps,,ion 0flered by Mr. Saunders, of N.
ed he would be in the hands and at the mercy of C (,,)r , ,)l,),oin (lf 1P .r ot l!ie pri.vj0U8
a few designing men. An irresponsible govern- j ronvl.,,,i(W) WH!, ,ken up. This brought up
menr is me worst species oi ij ranny ; nnu wnen
an ignorant and incompetent Executive is forced
to rely upon the secret services of a self-constituted
junto, the worst evils are to be apprehend
ed. Admit that the improbable contingency al-
luded to should take place ; would we not have
every reason to fear the establishment of another
monster state bank, with all its demoralizing
tendencies, and which would eventually eiignlph
in ruin the substance of the widow and the fa
therless. The affairs of our tax ridden State we all know
are in a most lamentable condition ; but still the
people oi e in a measure slowly recovering from j
the distress and embarrassment brought upon
them by their former rulers and law makers.
Under such peculiar circumstances, and at aueh
- l 1..-..1I.. . :..
u peeuoui tone, utin 111:111 iirLrpni j 11 iu j
have at the helm ot Mate one that possesses a
clear head, an honest heart, a stout hand, and a
far seeing eye. And is not Henry A. Muhlen
berg a man for the times? Where will you find
his superior in this broad State ' Where will
you find one so peculiarly qualified to discharge
the duties of the highest office in the gift of our
citizens? We will not speak of Mr. Muhlen
berg's stern integrity his tried patriotism his
known abilities his gfeat exprfcnee his inti
mate knowledge of the wants and wishes of the
people his pure democratic principles his
complete identification with Pennsylvania and
Pennsylvania interests ; but wo will say, that
under Governor Muhlenberg's administration,
we feel assured that Pennsylvania will soon re
cover her lost credit soon regain her former
proud standing among her sister States of this
Who can hesitate between such men? Who
can hesitate between the trains of good und evil
which must necessarily follow the success or de
feat of Mr. Muhlenberg ? Not that we antici
pate or fear a defeat for such an event does not
come with the range of probability or possibili
ty ; but for the honor of the State, und for the
honor of our party, we trust and hope that his
majority will be swelled to thousands and tens
of thousands !
The New Pobt-oeitcf. Bill. This bill has
passed both branches of Congress. 'A slight a
tnendmcnt was made in the House, which ren
ders its return to the Senate necessary. The
following is the rate of postage agreed upon :
For every single letter for a less distance than
thirty miles, shall be three cents ; over thirty
and less than one hundred miles, five cents ; over
one hundred and less than three hundred miles,
ten cents ; for double letters, double the rate af
fixed to single, letters ; for treble letters, treble ;
and for quadruple, four times these rates. Each
parcel of one sheet not weighing more than the
quarter of an ounce, shall be deemed a single let
ter ; if composed of two sheets or pieces, and
weighing not more than half an ounce a double
letter ; and for every additional quarter of an
ounce the post-age shall be pro rata increased
by the amount of a single letter for the same
distance. All letters deposited in an office not
for transmission but for delivery only, shall be
charged two cents each, and to the postage of all
letters advertised at the period usual in the of
fice were they are delivered shall be added the
cost of the advertisement. Phil. Ltdg.
It seems that, after all the Federal Whig
candidate for the Vice Presidency pronounces
hin name not Frt-lingAyscn, aa it is spelled, but
FrelingAr wen. What will all the Whigsong
sterg do now ? Worse than this it is raid his
ancestors pronounced it Frelinghowty ! These
discoveries will prove a thdrn, we fear on the
aide of our opponents. We believe that nui
sance is the only word that will rhy ne with
"hewsenti" and rfrowry or 6oiry with "how.
CorNTERrBiT Notes. We were shown yca
terdsy, says the Baltimore Clipper, a $10 and
a $20 bill, each purporting to be on tho Dank
of Cheiter County, Pa., which have been alter
ed from the Tenth Ward Oar.k of New York, a
broken concern. They are signed W, Dar
lington, President and D. Townend, Cashier,
The f 10' are made payable to W. Wilson, and
the $20's to W, Bell. They may be easily
TUB NATIONAL, COMVF.NTION AT BAL
TIMOKIC. 07" We have prepared the follow ing conden
sed atateme.it from the Baltimore daily papers :
May 27ih, 1944.
The National Democratic Convention was
called to order at 12 o'clock ; M., by the Ilotir
11. M. Saunders, of N. C, when II. B. Wright,
Kt-q., of Pennsylvania, was chosen temporary
chairman. Mr Saunders then offered a reso
lution to adopt the rules and regulations of the
conventions ot 1832 and 1S35, as the rules of
this convention. Thcso rules, requiring a vote
of two thirds for tho choice of the Presidential
candidate, met with strong opposition, and quite
a spiritual debate ensued.
A motion was then msdo to commence anew,
I ,i, , ...
atnl the convention was now opened with pray
er hy the Rev. Messrs Johns and McJdton.
'After somo further debate on the mode of orga
nization, a committee cf twenty six was appoin
ted, one frvni each Stale, to examine the cre
dentials and report the nuinbrr and names of
deWate from their respective Slates in atten-
Four nc'nrk, I'. M. The Convention as
sembled pursuant to adjournment, nnd after soma
discussion on the propriety of excluding all per
sons from the floor who were not delegates,
(Jen. Hubbard presented l!n! report of the. cotn-
the excitirg question os to whether a vote of
two-thirds of the delegates should be required
to nominate the cnndi. Intc.
Senator Walker, of Jl ississippi, took this floor
in favor of the two-thirds vote, and delivered a
powerful speech, during which he whs frequent
ly interrupted by loud applause, which was re
sponded to by hisses from those who approved
of a nomination hy n bare nmjority. lie show
ed hy the votes of the last Presidential election,
that seven or eight Northern State.-, which on
ly gave ten electoral vote for the Democratic
candidate, could now rule the convention if the
two-third proposition was not adopted.
The committee to nominate officers, reported
II. B. Wright, President, &c. & c.
Ti'fhuav MortNisn, May
Mr. Tihlipts, of Ky , w ho had obtained tin;
floor hist evening, then rose to respond to tlie
remarkaof Mr. Butler, of N. Y. He had un
derstood that gentleman to express his determi
nation toadher" to his preference for a pnttieu
lar individual in any event. lie regretted if he
had understood the gentleman aright lie had
come here with a preference for u distinguish
ed son of Kentucky, the Hon. Richard M. John
son. With regard to precedent, he thought the
gentleman from N. Y., while denying its influ
ence on one hand, seemed to respect it on the
other, by refering to precedents in favor ot tho
rule of the majority. Mr. T. then briefly advo
cated the principle of the two-third rule ; and
further remarked that if his favorite candidate
for the nomination failed to obtain tho unani
mous vote of the Convention, the Kentucky
delegation would sacrifice him with a ready
will. Great appla-jse, in which we luWrvod
the brother of Col. Johnson heartily unite J It
was said that Mr. Van l'uren could not obtain
n vote of two-third? of this convention; and it
the same fact was'true with reference to Col.
Johnson, and hia friends should adhere to him
with the same tenacity as that manifested for
Mr. Van Buren by his friends, the slaughter of
Tccmnseh and the common enemy in the battle
in which he fell, would nut be hall' so great as
that which would fall upon the democracy of
the country. II.-i oul) not believe that the gen
tlen.an from N. York would continue his adher
ence to the determination he had avowed. He
believed Mr. VanB irrn was the last man who
would desire bin friends to sac ri lieu the party
to the hope of his individual advancement.
The Hon. Marcus Morton, of Mass., then ob
tnincd the floor. He spoke chiefly to'he sub
ject of precedents, and advocated the doctrine
of the majority as equally euntained by prece
dent with tho two-third rule.
He was followed by Mr. Walker, of Mie-s.,
who referred to the speech of Mr. Butler, of N.
Y. He knew the long intimate- friendship per
sonal and political which had existed between
the gentleman trom New York and the man of
his choice, and ho wad confident that, it had
blinded his judgement on the. question before
the house. The delegation from New York, he
understood, had come hero with instructions to
vote for the rcscitsion of the two-third rule, not
to secure the success that is impossible but
the empty honor of a nomination of a particu
lar individual. Thus according to hi own ar
gument if the nomination of Mr. Van Buren
could only be accomplished by the adoption of
tho two-third rule, we should find him the warm
advocate of that principle. Thus it appears
that lutes are to be taken up or put down,
twuUed and turned to secure the empty glory of
a nomination by a mere majority. If N. York
has sent her delegates here with such instruc
tions she has not done it in a spirit of democrat
ic brotherhood and good faith. N. York, it has
been shown, voted for the two-third rule in the
conventions of 1832 and 1635, and is this a time
to abandon such a principle! Is this the hour,
when darkness snd gloom ovsrhang oar heads,
to retreat from principles which have been a
dopted as vital tosuecess 1
After some further debate the vote was ta
ken on Mr. Saunders' substitute, which propo
ned the adoption of the two-third rule, which
resulted as follow : Yeas 143 . Naye lit).'
Fennsylvania stood Yeas 12, Nay 13. . -'