Newspaper Page Text
S um) of those profound philosopher in 'poli
tics, it.oials, religion, finance, fashion, mid nllf
that sort of thing, who fire continually inn no
factoring 'tremendous excitements.' upon aj
hcntic information' from 'the highest sources,'
ti ll us that Europe opimsos annexation, 'not only
to interpose a check to the further progress of
republican institutions on this continent, but al
so to counteract the growing influence of thiil
republic on the masses of Europe !' This is a
Imut a profound as the suggestion that the Fc
doral Executive arc blind to every thing amnmlj
t'icin, because they do not proclaim all their
movements and tell all their secrets to 'our uuri
v.illed corps of reporters.'
The government of the 'nation ofshopkeep
era' care nothing about the growth of republican-ii-ni
on this continent, or any political influence
which it may exercise over the masses of Eu
rope. They have no fears about the influence
of republicanism at home. They well knows
that the present political institutions of England,?!
a .lord as much liberty, theoretically and practi
cally, as much security to person and property
much 6cope to private enterprise, as any re
publican modifications that might be introduced
there. And they well know that if the crown
aud the lords were abolished, and xubstituted by
a president and senators, property, combination.
of the wealthy, exclusive interests, political job
bing, would govern the country as much, as ab
solutely, ns at present. And they well know
that if England is shaken by a violent revolu
tion, it will be excited by hunger in pursuit oi
bread, and not by political speculation in pur
suit of theories. And they know that the go
vernmcnt8 of Continental Europe are intent on
developing their own resource.", enconragine
the industry and enterprise of their own people,
and closing their ports against that of Britain
And hence they know that continental inonar
cliy is quite as hostile to British interests as
continental republicanism could be. And fur
thermore they know that, as freedom from all
needless restraint is a republic theory, the)
would have more hope of revival to Bri'ish tradi
on the continent, from continental republican
ism, than from continental monarchy.
The opposition of the British Government U
annexation rests upon totally different ground
and ground much more congenial to a 'nation ot
shopkeepers.' They are verv desirous of divi
ding this continent among independent nations
without the slightest concern about their form
of government. Indeed they know that with al
tne increasing immigration from hurrpe, its
present wilderness must be principally settled
by Americans, and that American republican
iwn will be the government of every natiun es
lablished upon it.
But they greatly dread its union under om
confederacy, knowing that such confederal
would eventually, and nt no distant period, re
duce Britain to a secondary commercial and na
val power, while the division of the coiitinen
among several nations would render them harm
less through their discords. Then the Brilisl
want Texas and the country contiguous to thi
South and West, for the support of their eottoi
manufactures ; for they ore not sure of the ca
pacity of India for producing the American va
rietiea of cotton, or of being always able to re
tain that dependency against the increasing
power uf Russia. Then they want Texas for
smuggling point, through which to coiumani
the market of this continent for British manufac
turep. And if able to keep us ontot Texas, the)
will be bitter able to acquire California. Am
having accomplished this, they will build their
railroads from the Pacific to the Gulf of Mexico
and thus not only shorten the road to China, bin
monopolize the China trade for this continent.
But the main object tor which they seek tin
prevention of annexation, and to which they are
encouraged by the insane ravings of the .South
Carolina politicians, isthedivision of the Union
and through that division, the command ot tin I
whole. If they can maintain Tcxna in iudcprn
deuce, and under British influence, they expect
what u cerium class of Southern politicians hav
threatened, an union of our slave Slates with
Texas in a separate confederacy. And if they
can accomplish this, they know that they will'
command the Southern markets for their manu-l
lectures by free trade, and the Northern by
smuggling. A very deep intrigue may be in
progress between British rtatesmcii and soim
of the ultra disunionists of tho South Carolina
school. The former seem to be changing their
views in relation to slavery. And if they shout.
the hostility ot the latter to Britain might sub
aide into the amicable fueling that reigned ii
the days of nullification. We go not too fur ii
Faying that the safety of this Union depends on
the annexation of Texas and the occupation of
Oregon. Phil. Ledger.
R settled in the place two years before, Were they
r11 I .1 ,.. i .:. .r . ... I .
Miuiiuweu uie inuusmai occiipmoni v.
iThey belonged to that class of Irish penplecall
Saturday, June 21, 1845.
f. II. lll,JIElt, Est., al hi Itntt K-
tate and Ctwl OlKee, ,AV. 5'J fine Street, VM-
itntlrljiila. In aulhorited to art an .Igent, avtlt
receipt lor all umnlei due till office, for siifr-j
nerlittton or adverlltlnf.
.lino, at hli Ollee.'S'b. 1G0 ."sImmm Street
.1d S, K. Corner ot flattlmore and Calvert
its , Ualllnwre,
led the yeomanry, distinguished for the quiet vir-ljthe defenceless inhabitant on the frontiers. Fort
ted by the representations of the celebratcdJRrecalled to serve his country in the field. Inl
Chief Tecumseh, had become hostila to the U-Ll3l9 ho received orders from Government, tnl
nited States government, and were imirderingkunarch an army into Florida and punish the Sem
tues of honesty, sobriety and hospitality. Short-Ej
r. 1 .1 . ...I t I. ., I. la rll,.rPI
jiy aner me uiriu oi liuirew i m. .........
died, leaving him along with two elder brothers
to be provided for by their mother, a woman who
seems to have possessed many of the most ex
ccllent virtues of her sex. The patrimony left
by Jackson's father was small pot enough to.
locate liberally the three sons ; it was, there
lore, determined that the youngest should be
lrought up for the ministry, while the brothers.
Hugh nnd Robert, should follow the tailing ofj
their father. Andrew, accordingly, was sent to
a flourishing school in the settlement, where be
Minims, in the Tensaw aettlcmcrit, had bcei
captured by a band of braves, and 300 persons
'savagely butchered. Only seventeen escaped
rhe pftoplo of Tennesson were exasperated by
i he news, and all eyes were turned towards
Jackson. The legislature ordered out XjfMiv
men al the head of whom, in the middle of ()c
I Jtobcr, Jackson crossed the Tennessee river and
entered the hostile territory. lie shortly alter
fought the battle of Talladega, in which nearly
remained occupied with the dead languages untitpr,,,,rr UenA quarters. From the repeated
Capt. Fbemost recently addressed a public
assemblage at St. louis, which had gathered fo
the purpose of hearing him explain the object oi'
hi9 expedition to the Rocky Mountains. Tin
Missouriaii says :
From this little specimen of the public leel
ing, the foes to the iinmejiate occupation of
Oregon might read an important lesson. Some
twenty meu were to be selected for the cxpedi
tion towards the setting sun, and at a tew hours
iiutice they appeared in such numbers that a
whole regiment might have been at once raised
of active, intelligent and daring young men
who could have proudly honored the broad ban
ner of their country, against all opposition, ti
the shores of the Pacific. Such is a slight ex
hibilion of the deep-sealed feeling in the breastr
of the Western people, in favor of pushing our
settlement, beyond the mountains."
General Andrew Jiirkson is Dead.
The death of this venerable patriot has beei
frequently announced before in the newspaper
soys the Ledger, but this intelligence come;
through a channel which establishes the fact be
yond a doubt. The news of his death has been
expected for some months pfst, his case having
issumcd a character which forbade the holies ol
a favorable issue.
fien. Houston, of Texas, the personal frienil
of Jackson, who rame to the United States ex
pressly to see the General before his death, nr
rived at Nashville just in time to find that his
friend had expired. The following letter, frou
Gen. Houston, confirming the report of the death
of Gem. Jackson, was published in an extra ol
the Washington I'nion, of the 1 nth inst .-
Hermitage, Juno ISI.'i 1'J o'clock, M.
My Peak Sir : In deep sorrow I address
you this hasty note. At six o'clock this (Sunday
evening, lien. Jackson departed this life. He
retained his faculties to the last hour. 1 lament
ithut I was denied the satisfaction of seeing him
3in his last moments. I was unfortunately de
tained in ascending the Mississippi, so that I did
not reach Nashville until half past six o'clock
I immediately procured a conveyance, am
ame out with my family, having understood
that the General's health was exceedingly preca
rious, and being anxious to administer, if I coulol
some comfott, in the closing scene of his event
ful life. On my wav.a few miles fiom the city.
1 met the family physician, who informed im
that the General was no more.
About three hours before his departure, hi
onversed for some time with his family and
look an alfectionate leave of them, as also of bis
lomestics. His physician represents the scene
.is most affecting and remarkably touching ; that
he departed with perfect serenity of mind, anil
with a full faith in the promises of salvatioi
through a Redeemer.
I have seen the corpse since my arrival. Th
visage is much as it was in life.
The funeral will take place on Tuesday next
it 11 o'clock, A. M. A nation w ill feel this loss
is a nation has received the fruits of his toils du
ing the best years of his life. Very truly, youi
friend. SAM. HOTSTON.
j.ts. k. rui.K.
The President, on the reception of this letter
ssued an order suspend ing business in the Exe-
utivc Departments, for at least one day, as ;
iribiite of respect for the illustrious dead. II'
lircctcd that the Department of State, theTrea
ury. the Navy, the Tost Office Departments am1
he office of the Attorney General and the J'.xe
u'ive Mansion be instantly put in mourning
Gov. Slmnk also issued an order suspending
the business in the Executive Derailments ol
this state. The offices of the Secretary of tie
'oiumon wealth, Auditor General. State Treusu
rer, urveyer (.ciiei.il, Atto v General and
Vdjiitant Genera were put in mourning on tin
19th inst., and closed during the whole of that
There is no man in the nation whose death
will cause such general regret among the peo
i i i , . i ...... .
pie. i ney reuiemuer wnn "runtime his iieei
levotion to his country's interest, and his eini
nent services in its behalf. Even in the bitter
ness of partisan rancor, the merit was conceded
him by all partiesof being a true patriot, as sin
cere and honest in his purposes as he was rigid
and unyielding in his w ill. His l.i-t thuu-lil-
were for his country and its honor and prosperi
ty. It is a matter of regret among his fiiend.-
that he did not live to see the final cousuiiiiiiutioi
liy both governments of the act of annexing Tex
is to the United States, for which he manifcste
so deep an interest, knowing well its minor
tance to the future p.'ace ami welfare of the I'ni
on, and justly apprehending the interference and
lintrigues of foreign governments on that repub
lic wiiiie sepeiaieii iroin Ilie l in ted Mates
So eventful has been his life and so public hi
ictious that every one is l.uuiliarly acquainted
with and has already formed a judgment upm
ihem. Posterity will render justice to hischa-
racter, and its decision is already foreshu. lowed
n the almost universal sentiment of the nation
Gen. Jackson bequeathed hie papers to Mr. lilaii
for the defence of his reputation, as he said in
his letter to Mr. 1!. apprising him of the fact
That defence is written iimu every page of tin
history of his country for the last thirty years
His memory will be cherished with atfectiou by
his countrymen, and his name be placed among
the great and good. In his dying moments In
requested that he should be buried in an unosten
taticus manner, and without any militai y parade
The following biography of the Geneial, taken
from the U. S. Gazette, will be read, at thi
Etime, with ileep interest :
A N J It K W JACKSON.
Andrew Jackson was born on the lfith of March
1707. in the "Waxhaw" settlement, S. C. His
parents were emigrants fiom Ireland, who had
the revolutionary war brought nn enemy into the
neighborhood. It now became necessary for e-
ven boys to shoulder the musket or rifle, and at
the tender age of fourteen, encouraged by his pa
triotic mother, the young Jackson, accompanied
by his brothers, sought the ranks of the Ameri
can army, and ranged himself under its banners
The 'U'axhaw settlers, among whom were the!
facksons, were obliged to retire before the Iiri
tisth into North Carolina. They, however, soon
returned to the Waxbaws. Shortly after theii
return, a band of forty patriots, with whom were
Andrew Jackson and one of his brothers, (the o
thcr having already perished in the battle of
Stoiio) were surprised nnd routed by a snperioi
British force, many of their number being takenlj
prisoners. Jackson and Ins mother escaped, hut
n the following day, having entered the house
of a frienil to procure food, they were captured
Jjhy a marauding party of the enemy. An anec-
lnte is told of Jar kson's conduct on this occasion.
jPieing ordered by a Hi itish officer to wipe the
tnud ofThis boots, Jackson peremptorily refused
demanding the treatment due to a prisoner oi
war. On his continuing to refuse obedience to
the commands of the ollicer, the latter became
(last became mutinous. Jackson used every ef Hof the I Jiiitcd States. lie held this office unti
inolcs, who had been perpetrating bar baron
luttagcaonthe settlers. This he accordingly
In 1812 lie was appointed Governor of the
Florida Territory which had been ceded bvK
a i - 'mi
BaSpain to this country. In the middleof the year
he proceeded to the scene of action (Pcnsacola)
.and after some vigorous action on his part In
placed the adininistaation of the territorial go
vernment on a firm basis. His health obliged
him to return to his farm at Nashville at the close
ibliged for want of provisions, to return to Fori
ailures of contractors to supply his army, the
atroops suffered the extreme of hunger, and at
itM) warriors weru killed and captured, but wastfof the year. Here he remained occupVd with
rural a flairs until l$'2t. He was then proposed
is one of the candidates for the Presidency , but
m the election he was defeated by Adams. II
(again stood in 192 and was elected President
fort to prevent their return, and succeeded in
ptel'.ing revolt after revolt. Having waited in
vain for supplies, he was at last compelled to
yield his reluctant consent to their return, and
was thus deserted by all but about 100 brave
Umen. In January, a fresh force of a bout tWI
volunteers having reached him, he penetrated
to Emuckfaw Creek, on the Tallapora river.
Iwhcrit he touuhtthe Indians, leaving nearly 200
of their warriors on the field. From the weak
ness of his force, however, he was obliged ti
retreat to Fort Strothcrs-
Toward the end of February, his army was
increased by a fresh draught of militia to tin
mimhcr of H.")00, and he Commenced his march
tor the "Horse Shoe" Bend (Tohopeka) on the
Tallaposa river. Here the hostile tribes had
concentrated their strength, and having fortifi.-i
ihe bend, were determined to make a desperati
and final stand. Jackson arrived in the neigh
Uirhood of Tohopeka on the "(Sth of March, am'
m the morning of the 'J7th commenced the at
nraged, and, drawing his sabre, struck at th.iltnck. Both the attack and defence were man
head ol the young Jackson, which blow Jackson
caught with his left hand, receiving a wound.
the mark of which he carried with him to his
grave. His brother, for a similar offence, had
Kliis head laid open by a sword-wound, which af
terwards caused his death.
The two brothers were carried to Camden. r:
where they were imprisoned until after the bat
tle of Camden, when they were released by the
xertions of an affectionate mother. This heroic
woman shortly alter expired near the city of
Charleston, to which place she had gone on ai
rrand of mercy the relief of the suffering A
inerican prisoners. Jackson s remaining brother
Iso died about the same time, leaving him
friendless in the world.
The war was brought to a close, and J.ick'oi
naving conrracreu an intimacy with sonn
wealthy and rather dissolute young men belong
ing to v liarleston, anil who had been staving at
the Waxhaws, now accompanied them on theii
return to their home. In such company his
mall patrimony soon dwindled away, and Iip wa
hourly contracting pernicious habits. liefore it
was too late, however, by an energetic step, h.
1 ii- . I t . ....
oroKe on iroin uis evil associates, ami in the win ff
ler of 1751, at the age of is, he retired to Salis
ury, North Carolina, where he entered a law
yer's office, ami commenced the study of the law
In two years he was admitted to practice, and
lot liking Salisbury as a theatre for his talents
he emigrated to Tennessee, (East) and alle; wards
to Nahville; where, in ITS he located himself
permanently. Here he soon obtained a lucrative
practice, and was also distinguished among tie
citizen soldiers and bold splits of the place a-t
ine of the boldest.
Ill 17:li, he was elected one of the members of
i Convention, assembled to frame a constitutioi
lor the State. In the following year he was sent
to Congress, to the House of Representatives
and in the next he became a member of the I'ni
ted States Senate. He resigned however, in th.
same year, not being satisfied with his political
duties at Washington. While he was still a'
Washington, in the capacity of Senator, the Ten
nessee militia, without consultation with him
had elected him their Maior General, which rani.
e continued to hold until 1st I, when he receiv-
1 the same grade in the regular army. Inline
liately on his return from Congress h-'wasap
pointed one of the Judges of the Supreme Coin I
if Tennessee. He entered upon the duties oi
lis office with reluctance, and laid them down
is soon as he conveniently could, retiring to his
arm on the Cumberland river about T2 miles a
hove Nashville. Hern he remained occupied
with rural pursuits and pleasures, until the new
I a war with Great Britain, in 1M2, called bin
nice more into the service of his country. Whei
he United Slates Government authorized th
ailing out of volunteers, Jackson, as Major Gen
rat, published a spirited proclamation to his di
vision, to which .'ilill brave fellow readily re
ponded and assembled in Nashville. Jackson
leceived instructions to cairythem down the
Mississippi, for the defence of the lower country
which was thought tube in danger. In the
nonlh of January, 11,, be conducted his troops
to Natchez, where he had been instructed to a-
wait fuither orders. Heie he continued for se
Jv.-ral weeks in bivouack, drilling hisariny. The
lauger of invasion on this qualter passed ovt-r
mil Jackson received orders from the Secretary
of War to disband his troops, and deliver up tin
I'O, having been re-elected in 1SIK!.
On leaving this high oflicc of the Presidency
lie returned to bis beautiful homo (the "Hermit
age") where he continued to reside until his
The Weiuiit ok a Letter. Everybody in
Rthis republic, after the 1st of July, will feel an
interest in knowing exactly how much they cat
put in a letter, without making it exceed half an
ounce in weight. lie editor of the Olive liranch.pjliad been ordered to New Vork to
of Doylestown, having made some careful expe
lUNismtEiT or Saxia Ansa, By an arrival
at Charleston, S. C, files of papers from Havana
have been received to the 8th instant.
The T.ritish Mail Steamship Meday arrived at
Havana on the 7th inst., from Vera Cruz, which
port she left on the 1st inst., having on board
Gen. Santa Ana, lady and family, who were ban
ished from Mexico. They were going to Vene-
j.uela. General Santa Anna was received with
every mark of respect on his arrival at Havana,
fjbeing escorted to his lodgings by bands of music,
while little attention was paid to Genejal Bus
tainente; thus showing that popular opinion was
piitu unfavorable to the newly constituted au
thorities in Mexico. No paitieutars are eiven
is to the course pursued by the Mexican Govern
ment in banishing Santa Anna, but Captain P.
understood that the decree prescribed an absence
often years that his private property was re
spected that he had with him a large amount of
Imoncy, and was in good personal health and spi
The British Mail Steamship Dee also arrived
it Havana on the 7th inst., with General Lusta-
mente on board on his way to Mexico.
It is stated that all anticipations of war be
tween the United States and Mexico had subsid
ed; and a strong practical evidence that such
was the case, says the Charleston Courier, is tie?
fact that the Neptune, the property of Mexicans
aL'ed with exceeding skill, and the contest wa
severe nnd bloody. The Tenncssean, however
it last drove the savnres from their strong boh
with immense loss. Hardly 'JIM) escaped out o'M
1000 warriors, who would neither give nor ri
e.etve quarter. I hese only 6tole away in tlu
larkness of the night.
The defeat of Tohopeka broke the war spiri'
f the Indians, and the hostile chiefs soon afle
nhmitting, the campaign was brought toa close
nd the Tennessee army returned to thei
homes, and were discharged.
General Jackson was now appointed a Com
nissioner to enter into a treaty with the con
piered tribes, during the ratification of whicl
he received information that a British force hat'
liocn landed at Pensaeola, under the very ey
f the Spanish Governor nnd were proceeding
to arm and equip hordes of savages, who had ta
ken shelter in the neutral territory. He ac
jordingly sent advices to the government, ami
irgcd the necessity of dismantling this fortress
In the mean time this British force, with Col
Nichols ot its head, attacked the American pos'
it Fort Bowyrr, but were repulsed with seven
osh. General Coffee now arrived on the srs.i
villi JJHHI well armed Tonnessoana, nnd Jack-
on placing himself at the head of tics force, en
lercd Pensaeola, drove out the British and In
lians, and reduced the Spanish Governor t
terms. Ilcnid not hold the place long, an hi
had become convinced Miat New Orleans wa:
the chief object of attack, and thither he march
id on the 1st December. Making the city o'
New Orleans his bend quarters, he prepared fin
its defence. On the Kith, the British force
entered the lakes Iving to the east of New Or
leans, and on the 'SU, General Jackson recei
veil certain nformation that they were making
1 landing through the Ihiymi llienvruu, alniu
eight miles below the city, on a narrow strip ot
and lying between the river and the swauij
mil running all the way up the city. Jacksoi
inuieiliiitely marched to the spot, nnd reached
t at dark made an attack on the enemy. Th
-piritcd attack was kept up for several hours in
'lie darkness, when the troops, getting inti
some confusion, were withdrawn to await th
looming light. The battle of the 'J'J.I was tin
iieans of saving New Orleans, es it had the ef
feet of restraining lie- British troops, until tin
1. One and a half sheets of letter paper, sealed
with wax or wafer.
0. One sheet of do., with large or small en
avelope, wax or wafer.
.1. One sheet of foolscap, with small envelope
sealed with wafer.
-I. One sheet of letter paper, with a quarter
agle (v2 ,'()) enclosed, nnd secured with wax and
tithe letter sealed w ith wax.
f. Haifa sheet of letter paper or light fools
ap, with a half eagle enclosed, secured and scal
d with wafers.
0. A shet of letter paper may contain a dimi
tnd a half, or a half sheet may contain a quarter
7. A sheet of letter paper may enclose seven
hank notes, and be sealed w ith wax ; or three
hank notes and the whole in an envelope.
H-.vould, of course, not have been done if the own-
intents, says that nn avoirdupois half ounce is ers were apprehensive of such an event.
'.'SI 3-1 grains. We may therefore send as a 1 The Havana papers say that in their Mexican
single letter, ijliles they find nothing touching the difficulties a-
Magnetic PitixTiNf; Tele.; riA r v The New
York Journal of Commerce of Thursday, says:
'We have seen a specimen of worth printed by
1 machine of the above title, but have not yet
been made acquainted with the mode of working
t. All we can say is, that if such letters can be
jCprodnced by telegraphic wires, and produced la-i
pi.lly and accurately, as we areassured they ran
lie, this invention, fur practical usefulness, far
surpasses any other of the kind which has yet
heen brought before the public."
Mo-t U.FonTrsAiE. The Fittshurg Tost
ays: One of our most worthy citizens ba
been burnt out no less than futtr times within
the last two months. He was one of the manv
hundreds who suffered on the 10th of April ; on
the 27th of May, he was again caught in the fire
on Seventh street : from there he moved to
'.irigton, Reaver county, where his ill luck ap
peare.l to follow him, and he was again burnt out
by the fire that occurred in that place. Sinct
then he has been purchasing things to make an
other start, and we understand they were al
consumed in one of the buildings that was burnt
-m Penn street on Thursday morning.
Inoi-irv Anwereo. The Mayor of Baltimore
has received a letter from Babe, the pirate, now
under sentence of death in New York, for mur-
ft ler, making souie inquiry in reference to Abra
ham Johnson, the cook of the brig Orleans, who
has just been convicted of manslaughter for kil
ling James Druminoiid. Babe was convicted foi
killing John Johnson, a cook ; he denies beiut'
guilty, and wants to know whether Abraham
fohuson is not John Johnson, allegfd to hav.
been killed by him. Abraham Johnson has beei
questioned, and says he knows 110 such man as
Ihibe, and to his knowledge never sailed in the
l.avinia ; nor did he ever sail in any vessel with
I.ARiiEsT Cvi.FM.ia ix tub, WoRi.n. Then
.was cast at the works of the West Point Koun
jjbout Texas which certainly indicates a great
moderating of the current of Mexican wrath.
A difficulty had occurred with the French Se
cretary of Legation and some Mexican Soldiers,
in which the former considered himself mid his
nation grossly insulted. The Secretary had re
quired of the Government of Mexico prompt re
dress for the insult, in the punishment of the sol-
rydiers, or he would immediately demand his pass
Ohkoox. The editor of the Independence
Expositor writes from the camping ground, May
loth, as follows : "A ride of one hundred miles
rum Independence has brought lis into the
midst ofa scene the most grateful and anima
ting my eyes ever hailed. In the centre of a
beautiful prairie, which the wild Wsteof'tlia
Kaw Indians Ins selected for their permanent
v illage, is the rendezvous of the Oregon emi
grants, assembled here to complete their final
organization. One hundred and four wagons,
arranged in an oval ring, and linked together
with ox chains, form at once an immense carat
to enclose the stock, and an impregnable for
tress to protect them. One hundred more wa
gons, encamped in groups, at small dis'ances,
:imiple;e the troop here assembled, wlrch, dot
ting the plain with their snow-white covers, re
sounding with a busy multitude plying to and
fro in business of preparation, or herding the
:loud of stock engaged in devouring the luxu
riant griss, serve to heighten in interest a scene
full of animation, sunshine and excitement.
Simultaneously with the departure of this body
if emigrants, of whom weare now taking leave
other bodies have already commenced then
EJjoiirney from St. Joseph's Savannah and Conn
:il B ufls. These, of whose number we bavi
no positive information, by report equal the ems
.'ration by the routo of Independence."
American commander completed his celebratedfcl,,y, on the 1'Jth, a Blast Cylinder of 120 in di
breastwork, which ufterwarda onnoscd their ml
Lances upon the city.
On the morning of the 2 1th learning the su
perior strength of the enemy, Jackson saw the
(necessity of ucling on the defensive, and imme
diately commenced throwing a breastwork a-
(cinssthe narrow neck of land which ollercd the
onlv flonroMch In llip eitv. This tbn ontonv nl.
J ' ' . , ' ' f )
lowed him stiflicient tune to complete. Theyisn
nn Is.i.l t :
aiiietcr and 11 feet in length, weighing ten tons
P It is intended for the Mount Savage Iron Com pa
i ny, near Cumberland, Mi!., and is to blow four
Blast Furnaces of the largest class, making -100
ptons per week. The time occupied in runningf
the iron from the luinact s to ttie
Two Tuns ok Si kawiieimiiks. Cincinnati i
ihecity for strawberries. Upwards of -Inn
piar's are sold there daily. There are ahou
twenty-five daysof full sale of straw berries i
that market. At lllllll quarts per day this give
one hundred thousand quarts of strawberries sol
in one season. They average s cents per quar:
which makes rig-'i Ihnusanit iftilum paid in a lit
tie more than eight weeks for strawberries.
Oiieuon Aiimv. A lady in Concord, N. J
was delivered of three tine healthy boys on Mor
lay last. They are all doing well. We cite
hear of two girls and a boy at one birth, ai
sometimes of two boys and a gill, but three bov
iirry off the palm. It is good lor married pe. '
pie to live in (""uncord if they would only thin
Aaron Bi rh. Richmond Theatre X. Vorl
was once Aaron Burr's country-seat. A cor re
isiinlent of the Post relates tne following 111c
lent as connected with it.
"The mansion itself is a bdty two-story frau
house, very large on the ground, with many a
'hitectnral emln llishnien's on its front. TI
'riime was brought from England, and Ihe boo
Whiis altogether an imitosing appearance. M-n
years since when Airon Ibirr was almul
What ihk North poes kor tiii Soitii.
fhe Augusta (Ga ) Chronicle, makes the follow
ii'ticked it iijion the 27th, but were repulsed J ,,,g amusing summary of the means which th.
with severe loss. I hey again assailed it on theE J
Noith furnishes to the South :
1st of January with similar fortune. But their
final attack was planned for the Mb.
morning of this day, the Ilnlish column, lO.UHl ever conjectured
wagons, public stores, &c, to General WilkinsonMlrp'd and were again rallied by brave officers
if the United States Army, then commanding
m this District. This order General Jackson
thought proper to disobey, alleging a his excuse
1 hat the volunteer when disbanded could not
reach home in safety, and that many of them
would be obliged to enlist in the regular army
He therefore retained the military stores, and.
marching his volunteers into Tennessee then
disbanded them formally.
He was not permitted to remain long inactive
The Creek Indiana, south of the Tennessee ri
vcr, excited by British emissaries, and iufatua
a 1 . -i 1 1 .1. .... 1 .1 1
I 1 iicy uuiiki uur nouses, nicy aoorn ineiu win
On theif every comfort and convenience of w hich we hav.
They educate our children
strong, with their Commander-in-Chief, Sir E
I'jckciihaiii i.t their head, moved on to the at
tack. The fire of the American lines opened
ipon them and they fell beneath the deadly hail
of three thousand rifles. They wavered and re
"iJl ...... . L"....l I I... ...I.I I ... ....,.,1 .n.l
f-i'B ji.j; la ...1, ... 111? nn. ii--i hi !.
mould was 0a!iU twenty acres of Ihe pasture and woodUn
It was in vain their Commander-in-Chief had
fallen and nearly three thousand of their coin-l
rades lay dead before their faces, and after ae-
veral unsuccessful attempts to reach the invul
nerable breast-work they gave way and retired
lieyond the reach of artillery. On the lth of
January, the remnant of this fine srmy was glad
to embark in their ships, leaving thousands of
their companions buried in a stranger land
fackson remained in New Orleans until the
news of the treaty of peace arrived, when he re
tired to his home at Nashville. He wan soon
and cover our nakedness from head to foot, w ill
hats and shoes, coats and shirts ; we eat theii
llour, cheese, butter, apples, codfish, potatoes
pickles, poi k and onions ; we feed our cattle
with their hay, drive their horses in their bar
uess to their hay, drive their horses in their car
riages with their whips; we walk with theii
sticks, ride on their saddles, write on their pa
per, wash with their soap, scrub with their brush
es, sweep with their brooms, milk in their pails,
cook iu their pots, strike with their hammers
blow with their bellows, cut with their axes
sow with their seed, reap with their hooks, pull
w ith their leather, whitewash with their lime
paint w ith their iwint, march by their tunes
read by their lights, drink their Congress watei
and rum, smoke their cigars and last and best
.of all these blessings, we marry their pretty
girls, who make the best wives."
10 Mr. Aslor, for KTiO.OOO, subject lohis red
tion on his return, by paying the interest. Bo
was Mr. Astor s lawyer. ears elapsed anil
came Inck. In the meanwhile, it had be
graded, streets laid out, many improveniei
made, and consequently, it was greatly enh.t
ced in value. Burr told Mr. Astor he prcqsis
to lake the property and refund the money, wi
tTnlerest, to which Mr. Astor of course object.
u-i' - : 1 1 t....
1 ne w rn uigw wert?u. i'iiiiiuj, tiii 1 ini si n.'iinve
truck Mr. A with surprise. The matter w
om promised, by paying Burr an additional .'
HK1. The same property now is worth nia
iiillions of dollars."
War. In the Crusades or Holy Wars, d
tinning 200 years, 2,(KHM XI men were butch
u, besides women and children.
At the battle of Waterloo, more than 50,(
The pcrsian expedition to Greece lost 21
At the battle of tanna 40,000 Romans w
-lain. After the battle, three bushels of g
rings were found, showing the number of I
man knights who were dain.
By the will of three military despots, t a
Alexander and Napoleon-six million of bun
beings were butchered.
The Inquisition of Spain cost that countr1
leant 2.000,000 lives.
tU. Bartholomew's massacre cost Franc J
hundred thousand of her beat citizens.