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PIS . j j i 1 . - . ! . . ! . .. r -
DECLARATION OF 1XDEPEXDESCE.
In CrniRniii Jnly , 171(1.
Thb LTmi(i'b Oki i.Anvrioji or tub Tiiir
tfkx United Statm or Amkhii.
WIiph in the course of human event, it be
comes necessary for one people to dissolve the
I ditieal bands which have connected thrm with
another, and to assume among the powrrs of
the earth, the separate and rqnnl atstinn to
winch the laws of nature and of nature's Cod
put 'Me thnin, a decent respect to the opinions
rf mankind requires that tliry should declare
the eiiiscs which compel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to bo self-evident that
nil men are created equil that they are en
dowed, by their Creator, with certain unalien
able right ? that among these are life, liberty,
and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure
these rights, government! are instituted among
men, deriving their just powrrs from the cmi
pent of the governed ; that whenever any firm
of government becomes destructive of these
ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abol
ish it, and to institute a new government, lay
ing i's foundation on such principles, and organ
ising its powers in such form, as to them t hall
seem most likely to effect their safety and hap
piness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate, that go
vernments long established, should not be chan
ged fur light and transient causes ; and, accord
ingly, all experience hath shown that mankind
are more disposed to sutler, while evils are snf
fiiruble, than to right themselves by Abolishing
the forms to which they are accustomed. Dut
when a long train of a buses and usurpation?, pur
suing invariably the same object, evinces a de
sign to reduce them under abuoluto despotism,
it is their right, it is their duty, to throw o IT such
government, and to provide new guards for their
luturo security. Such has been the patient suf
ferance of these colonies, and such is now the
necessity which constrains them to alter their
former systems of government. The hi.-tory ol
the present king of Great Britain is a history of
repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in
direct object the establishment ol' an absolute
tyranny over these states. To prove this, let
facts be submitted to a candid world.
He has refused his assent to laws, the most
wholesome and necessary for the public good.
lie has forbidden his governors to pass laws
of immediate and pressing importance, unless
euspendqJ in their operation till hisnsscut should
be obtained ; and, when so suspended he has
utterly neglected to attend to them.
lie has refused to pass other luws, Ibr the ac
commodation of large districts of people, unless
those people would relinquish the right of repre
sentation in the legislature a right iucMinm
ble to them, and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies, at
places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from
the depository of their public records, for the
sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance
with his measures.
He has dissolved representative houses, re
peatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his
invasion on the ricbts of the people.
Ho bus refused for a long time after such dis
solutions, to cause others to be elected ; where
by the legislative powers, incapable of annihila
tion, have returned to the people at lare, fur
their exercise ; the state remaining, in the
mean time, exposed to all the danger of invasion
from without, and convulsions within.
He baa endeavored to prevent the population
of these stales ; (or that purpose obstructing the
laws for naturalization of foreigners ; refusing
to pass others to encourage their migration hi
ther, and raising the conditions of new appropri
ations of lurid.
Ho has obstructed the administration of jus
tice, br refusing his assent to laws, for entablish-
ing judiciary powers.
He lias made judges dependent on his w ill a
lone for the tenure of their offices, and the a-
inount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of new offices, and
aent hither swarms of officers, to harass our peo'
pie, uud eat out their substance.
He has sent among us, in time of peace stand
ing armies, without the consent of our legisla
He has affected to render the military inde
ptnJent of, uu.l superior to, the civil power.
He has combined with others to subject us to
a jitrUuiction, foreign to our constitution, and
unacknowledged by our laws ; giving his as
aent to their acts of pretended legislat ion.
For quartering large bodies of armed troops
among us ;
For protecting them by a mock trial, fooi
punishment for any murders'which they should
commit on the inhabitants of these states ;
For cutting ell our trade with all parts of the
For imposing taxes on us without our con
Fur depriving us, in many cases, of the be
nefit of trial by jury ;
burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of cur
Ho is, at this time, transporting Inrjjft armies
of foreign mercenaries to complete the storks ot
death, desolation, and tyranny, already began,
with circiiu .stances of cruelly and perfidy
scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages,
and totally unworthy the head of a civiUed na
tion. lie has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken
captive on the high seas, to bear arms against
their country, to become the executioners ol
their friends and brethern, or to fall themselves
by their hands.
He has e.xci'ed domestic insurrections a
monjst lis, and has endeavored to bring on the
inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian
savnjes, wIimsh known rule of warlare is an tin
distinguished destruction of oil ages, sexes, and
cowl t 'on.
In every Mace of these oppressions, we have
petitioned fur redress, in the most bumble terms;
our repeated petitions have been answered only
by repented injury. A prince whose character
is thus marked by every act which may define
a tyrant, is unfit, to be the ruler of a free people.
Nor have we been wanting in attention to
our British bruihern. We have warned them
from time to time, of attempts, made by their
legislature, tu extend an unwarrantable juris
diction over us. We have reminded them of
the circumstances of our emigration and settle
ment here. We have appealed to their native
justice and nngnanimity, and we have conjured
them by the iu r, of our common kindred to (lis-
Satnntav, June SS, !H45.
1. It, I'.llnF.lt, Kgq., at hU Ileal ;.
tate. aut i'oal OMlce, ,V. 59 fine Street, I'M-
ladrldila, t avthoriied tn art ,1grt, arc?
rrrrifl tor all untitle due I lilt orr, for suft-
HcrljitltiH or adrrrthlvf.
ll.io at hl OH Ice M. 160 .Von Street,
.tad .1. K. Vomer of Baltimore and Culvert
E7We did not receive the proceedings of the
Sabbath Convention, held at Northumberland, in
time for this weeks paper.
(T7"Wc publish this week the Declaration of
Independence, in season for the approaching cele
bratinn of the Ith of July. This document should
be in the bands of every American citizen, and
read at least once every 4th of July, in comme
moration of the day upon which our liberties
were proclaimed throughout the civiliz-d world.
is the time to subscribe.
KSii.tn. A few of these delightful fish are
occasionally taken in nets below the Shnmokin
l);mi. We saw a few, the other day, as fat, fresh
and solid as those taken in April. There are
probably no fi-h n the woi hi superior to the shad
of I lie Susquehanna, north of llurrisburg.
fX7"TiiE Xkw PusTAfsK Law goes into opera
tion on Tuesday, the 1st of July. All newspa
pers, after that time, will be carried free of post-
avow these usurpations, which inevitably inter- n?, anywhere within the bounds of this county.
rupt our connexions and Correspondence. I hey. I or any distance not exceeding thirty miles. Now
too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and
conF-anguiniiy. We must, therefore, acquiesce
in the necessity which denounces our separa
tion, and hold them as we hold the rest of man
kind enemies in war in peace friends.
We, therefore, the representatives rf the U
nittd States of America, in general congress
assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of
the world for the rectitude of our intentions, l)..
in the name and by the authority of the good
people of these colonies, solemnly publish ami
declare, that these United Cob nies are, and of
right ought to be free and ind. -pendent states
That they arc absolved from all allegiance to
the British crown, and that all political connex
ion between them and the state of Great Brit
ain is, and ought to be, U.taily dissolved ; and
that, us free and independent states, they have
full pow er to levy war, conclude eace, contract
al!miccs, establish commerce, and to do alio
thcr acts and things which independent stutes
may of right do. And for the support oi'lhi-declaration,
with a firm reliance on the protection
of Divine Providence, we iiatur-illy plege to
each other our lives, our fortunes, uud our sa
CyCJtuxo. This article is in great repute
on account of its poweifnl fertilizing properties.
A friend, in Philadelphia, furnished as with the
following information in relation to the mode of
using it. We have also seen it stated that a pint
of guano dissolved in four gallons of water is an
excellent way of applying it. A small supply
can be had at the store of Henry Masscr, in this
''Fsa or Gi ano. If for wheat, apply 200 lbs.
to the acre, broadcast, at seeding. Used in this
proportion, by Mr. Joseph S. Levering, on his
farm in Delaware, with marked beneficial results.
If applied to corn, potatoes, or other plants, in
the hill, mix it with so much leached ashes or
dry earth, that a handful of the mixture shall
contain about a table spnonftill of the guano.
Apply a handful to each bill. In all cases, break
all the lumps found in the guano and pass it
through a sieve. To test the pure guano from
a counterfeit article, sometimes told, burn a por
tion on a red hot shovel ; the true guano leaves a
white ash of Phosphate of I.ime, whilst the spu
rious leaves a black, or dark brown ash, of Salt
C7The late arrivals from England bring
news of a more pacific character, fiom our blus
tering neighbors arross the waters. They have
no idea of going to war on account of a few miles
of Territory beyond the Rocky Mountains. The
Texas question is given np by the Knglish as
well as the French, who since they find that
they cannot prevent the measure, are inclined
to yield with the best grace possible.
CCTur Bio Letter, sent by the Emperor of
China to the President of the L'nited States, in
quite a curiosity. It is written on plain yellow
silk, with a margin of silk of the same color,
embroidered in gold thread. The letter is writ
ten in two languages Chinese and Tartar, and
measures 7 feet 1 inch lorg, by 2 feet 1 1 inches
care to draw lessons from it for the regulatiou
of our future conduct.
heartily respond to alt your commendation
of Judge Woodward. His private virtues and
splendid talents will adorn any public station to
which be may be called.
With sincere regard for yon, both individually
and as the representatives of an honest and en
lightened Democracy to whose kindness I am in
debted, under Ilcavtn, for any little public con
sideration I may enjoy.
I remain your friend,
F.lsctrlrli jr anit Agrleullnra.
Much has been recently said and written upon
the remarkable influence of the electrical fluid
when In ought to bear upon growing vegetables
hut we have no were seen the process so simply
elucidated, and its results so encouragingly re
alized, as in the experiment of which we subjoin ', te trode. and with such large returns.
suspended wires should be added, or galvanic
troughs placed in the field to supply additional
electric fluid, are yet subjects to be determined.
It is unnecessary to add that the electric fluid
acts as a stimulant, and therefore the usual quan
tity of manures must be applied.
These certainly are most extraordinary re
sults, obtained at the merest trifles of expense of
labor and money a quarter of an acre may ba
prepared, it will be seen, for little more than
nut dollar ! and as the expense diminishes with
the increase of the area for five Julian proba
bly two acres could be prepared.
The experiment was to be repeated extensive
ly in r.nelond ; and us we, are rather good in
this country on thunder storms, and have a sum
mer atmosphere habitually well charged with c
lectricity, we hope many of our readers may be
tempted to make a trial of this new agent
t muck ii can u- clone ai so iiiinj iumi, wiui so ui-
Court Klliii llr.
A letter from Riode Janeiro, published in the
Brooklyn Star, furnishes the follow ing sketch
of the etiquette observed at the Court of B;ar.il
on the occasion of the presentation of the A-
merican Minister :
"Mr. Wise has been presented to
the Imperial Court of Brazil, and is now duly
installed as Minister Plenipotentiary of the U-
nited States. One of the party gave us a few
days since a description of his reception by the
Emperor of his Court. He was accompanied by
Mr. Walsh, the Secretary of the legation, and
one of our naval ollicers, all dressed in full uni
form swords, cocked linis, &c. Tin y were
driven tothe palace in a splendid barouche uud
four ; on arriving at the palace, they were bow
ed into an uiite-room soon alier which they
were conducted to the doi r of tin; rccptioii
room, where the Emperor and some of his prin
cipal officers were in waiting to receive them
On entering the door they stopped and made a
low sow, then walked forward to about the cen
tre of the room, stopped, and made another low
bow ; they then procodid to near the foot ol
the throne, where they stopped ami made ano
ther low bow. Mr. Wise then made a speech
to the Emperor, a copy of which bad been pre
viously given tu the F..iipcrir's prime minister,
in order that his Majesty, being too much of a
heathen to understand Foolish, might be duly
informed of what w asab aii to be s.ii.i to him Ij
the government of the United Main thruugh
its new representative.
At tbe close of the rpec-ch, Mr. Wi.e ascen-
ded the steps of the platform on which the
throne was erected and presented to bis Impe
rial Majesty his credentials, & c. Tbe Finpe-
C7"Si sin r.y Canal. This invaluable water
power is now in a fair way of being shortly com
pleted. A number of bands have been at work
for several weeks past, in widening and deepen
ing the work. The eai th taken out of the Canal
has been used in raising and also increasing the
width of the embankment along the river, above j
town, which now forms a sale and lieautiliil
07" The Convwtino Bah. Roai ncTwecx
Si Nsrnv ami PoiTvii.i.r. TI.e prospect of
completing the cnnnei tion betwe n the Siinbury
and Sbamnkin Railroad, (otherwise misnamed
"Danville and Pottsville,') and the great Rail
road extending from Philadelphia to Reading and
Pottsville, is recently becoming brighter ; and
the d,i y of its commencement cannot be distant.
This must be highly gratifying to all who rejoice
in the prosperity of our State. An able Engineer
has just coniplet'-d a diligent exploration of the
ground over which the connecting Rail-way is
to pass, and the result of two weeks' careful ex
amination is knov. i to be quite satisfactory. We
have much reason to believe that the road w ill
be shorter, the expense of construction less, ami
the tonnage transported upon it much greater
than has been heretofore anticipated. resides
other materials of transportation, we are well
satisfied that the immense Iron W'tuk. at Dan
ville and its vicinity, will require 100,000 tons
of Coal from Jjmttt Iti'tlgr, Ac, passing over the
new and the present road, twenty miles or more.
The amount of iron sent back, from these works,
in every form and variety, and sent the whole
extent of the road to Philadelphia, at all seasons
of the year, w ill be an impoHant acquisition.
As reganls thereat, there is ''no mistake for
the Locust Ridge coal has been proved, at the
Danville Iron Woi ks, to be supei ior to any other
for making iron. Rut Ave may ohVr a more en
larged view of this subject, in relation to the
S'atenf New York and the Lakes, hereafter.
C7"Somf. of the good citizens of Williarnsport
have been holding a meeting in relation to the
present mail arrangements. They complain
that the mail is now carried to suit the interests
of the Hotel proprietors on the Rail Road at
Trout Run. The speed of the mail and the con
venience of the public should be first consulted ;
after that, the convenience of the travelling com
munity. '1 his, we believe, is the rule mlopted
by the present head of the Post Ulftce Department.
07Tho following letter is from Mr. Riichanan,
to the committee ol the caucus convention, on
the subject of tieneral Cameron's election over
Mr. Woodward, for U. S. Senator. These gen
tlemen, who supposed that pure and unadul
terated democracy was cil cumscribed within
the limits of th-ir own narrow circle, addressed
a letter of indignation to Mr. ruchanan, request
ing his opinion in regard to the traitors, at
they termed a number of the most independent
and honoiable members of the Legislature, who
dared to vote in opposition to the dictates of a
clique of designing politicians. Mr. Buchan
an's reply was received in due time, but the
comniitteediil not deem it proper to publish the
letter until it was recently forced out of the in by
public opinion. Mr. Buchanan, it will he seen,
does not think it necessary to denounce, as trai
tors and recreants from democracy, men who
stand higher in the onlidenee of their constitu
ents, ami the people generally, than most of those
self-styled Siuion Pures, who set themselves up
as judges in condemnation of men superior to
"Washijsoion, 31st March, ISIo.
Gkstlkmen : I have had the honor of receiv
ing your communication of the lsth inst., cen
suring the conduct both of General Cameron and
of those Democratic members of the Legislature
who, in union with the Whigs and Native Ame
ricans, elected him to the Senate ; and stating
that you deem it proper to afford me, as a Penn
sv Iranian, an opportunity to express my opinion
concerning what you term ' this unnatural and
unexpected result." Whilst entertaining for
you the most profound aud grateful respect, I
have arrived at the conclusion, after much re
flection, that it would be improper forme, espe
cially since I have become a member of Presi
dent Polk's cabinet, to criticise or condemn the
Legislature of a sovereign State, for electing
whom they pleased to the Senate of the United
States Jealousy of Federal interference and Fed
eral influence in State elections, ever has been,
and I trust ever may be, a prevailing sentiment
throughout the dernociatic party ; and if, in the
The report whence these facts are taken was
made to the Polytechnic and Geological Society
of the West Riding of Yorkshire. It will be re
marked that this principle is upon the free elec
tricity of tbe atmosphere a power all may use
and not, as in some experiments made among
us, through the intervention of the galvanic bat
tery. Dr. Forster, of Findrassic House, near Elgin,
having made an experiment on a field of bailey,
the result was thus reported tothe society j
''Dr. Forster bad thrashed, weighed and mea- I
sured his electro cultured chevalier barley, and
the product was the enormous quantity of 101 ;
bushels, or thirteen quarters per acre ! The j
tail corn was now measured, and each bushel i
weighed flj lbs. The weight of the straw was
9,300 lbs. per acre. The cost of the electric ap '
paratus is 1. per acre, which will last for tweii- '
ty years. j
The tou.otvtNn is tiik Plax of a Plot for a
(Jl AKTLR OF AN Al llK.
. 'ii yards.
Buried : Wire.
1 1 feet pole.
15 feet O pole.
Buried . Wire.
Strong wood hooked stake, ( .
6 lb. of iron wire at -id. per lb. for buried
4 lb. of ditto at 3d. per lb. for suspended
2 poles of dry wood at Od. each,
As the area diminishes the cost diminishes ra
pidly. Convenient nnd desirable areas are for
2 acres. 127 by ' yards
I acre, SO by .'i"
i of an acre, S i j by 15
j of an acre, Tu by 31
i of do. 51 by id -2
I of do. .'Ill by 10$
The mode in which the plot is laid out is as j
At this very moment, on the fields of Indian
Corn or of potatoes, the experiment might hi
readily tried. He shall certainly ourselves at
tempt it on a small scale. A". V. Cour'.tr,
A.NTiiioiK. Persons going out ol the city will
do well to bear in mind that a piece of common
indigo made info a paste with spirits of camphor,
and applied to the wound, will, it is said, neu
tralize the poison arising from a bite of snakes of
any kind. City Paper.
RrsNixo the Hot snAitv Lme. The six com
missioners appointed by the United States and
Great Britain to run the boundary line between
th'.1 Province of Canada an 1 the States, are now
in Berkshire, in this county.
When in Richford they cut o(T the farms of
three goo I Yernionters two Democrats and om;
Whig and now their farms arM situate in Canada.
As the Democratic Representative froir Rich
ford had but one majority last year, we suppose
b? will not be pl.-ased with this governmental
The boundary line, we understand, is to bo
marked by iron monuments, but half a mile dis
tant the one from the other. St. Albm's (VI.)
Office of Iht IUltiwohs Annate, June 2.1.
FLOUR We note a sale of 5ono bids. City
Mills Flour on Saturday at I 1 1. Sales of S'is-qii'-hanna
are making by retail at ?l 50.
GRAIN". We hear of no receipts of any des
cription, and have therefore no transactions to
report. Pi ices are nominally as at the close of
WHISKEY. There is a fair demand, with
sales of hhds. at 'JO cents, and bbls. at 21 tents.
Thksk or oca Cirntss who de-ire s g od
Medicine, will find one in the justly cclebmlcd
Pills of Doctor Br.ui'lri th, which hve perfumed
cures upoisjlhuu- .lids ol hclple-s sil l hopeless per--on,
alt r 'lie u-ual scicntuic skill of physicim
had consoled iheui with lha assunuce I n', tiny
coold do no more. The properties of ihe-e Pills. ;i
.ii: nti-!iili"U4 mid iiperimeiit medicine, are unriv I
led ; all wIjO u c tliein iccommenil ihem ; dieir va
lues surpass all eu'ogy, and n u t l e used to h-iiji,
pieci ile l. The vve.ik uod dt-licre w.lllie strength-
encJ by their U'e, not hy hracing, but by removing
2 0 ' the cane of Hie weikncss the gro-s uml corrupt
1 humors of ihe ldv. Th- y require no ch inge m
I the diet, or rsie of uny kind. Plain diri cii n ac.
' 0 I company e ach h-u, so thai every one is his own
1 0 : compe'ent phxs.c.au.
1 0 i nry Purchase of 11. 15 Mas-er, Snnl'iiry, or of
the ntents, pnMi-hrd in anotlu r pail of this p iper.
D 1 K I ,
fn this Borough, on Sunday laf, the C2d inst.
Mis NANCY, wife of Samuel Thompson, aged
about 35 years.
CIIKAIN VOH CASH OK COrX
Twenty Icr Cent. Saved.
Fill! K sub-c ib r having purchased the store of
J. H U.
C7"Nosni Pn.vsru Casal. Wcare pleased
I to learn that there is now a prospect of a speedy
j completion of this important improvement. The
ror then said "sta bom," (very good) and a lew l w hnislicla shoit distance above v likes
other words, exoressine the ,.,e,t .t.!l.rti..ii. I !"'. l,-v h' 'a,e The remaining portion of
A-e-. whiel, lliefrien.'lvasMiriineeH.il lI.e l'o;led I '" wo'k- between that point and the
i States had afforded him. ( ur minister and his ! ,aX ''n' ' b""t ,w 0 ,1,i"U ''"
j two attendants, alter another low Ik.w, at the j "' chartered by the Legislature to complete
! foot of I be throne, cniiiiumced their retreat. the woik, with a capital of a million. The
j The room was fronfeighty to one huinlri.ii letl j whole amount of the stock was taken at Wilkes-
in length, and this distance was to b traversed L feW tl Thi, wiM ,(pen a vast
UUL ftWdltl, 19 tt II nilU!l) IIMMIIIT IU Vtllll t I ll I , . , .
' f ri.ln and ..nl .1 nits itisrtna tr VV : 1 1 ft a I he I F
Itco to t'iree menu atep in tne son. j. ne lines or j llM ,, f .,,.ti, w.thout respect t i erso i-
the buried wire are then completed. Thesiw
penrlul wire must be attached and in contact with
th buried wires at both of its ends. A wooden
pin with a staple must therefore be driven in at
A, and the two poles (one 1 1 and the other 15
feet) being placed by the compass doe north and
south, the wire is placed over them and fasten
ed to the wooden stake, but touching likewise at
Su.diHry.Ju ie ii", 115. II.
11 K Ij I V. V K AM)
1 v i: .
Coiuioiiu1 Syrup or Tar &Wol
fl!lR unpie ed- ntcd mcee-s of lhi medicine, in
L ihe re-torutrm of heal h, io Ihose who, in ilej-
A eon, pa-
firiullii t. turn Alio .i I..-L- t.. Ih.. l-.iinif.riir l .v
For transporting us beyend the seas, to be , ,(M.jr (,V(l(!i ti.rcr(., uhiii the Kmperor, j foal and iron for tbetalt and plaster of our New
tried for pretended offences ; J and juilejn id the lines of lin tt oo hy the lines i Yoik neighbois.
Tor obolishmj; tho free system of English lot the carpel, they etli cteu their retreat m very
luws in a ...iybborins province, rslat.lial.in; ! Kood "lht'io tl1'e ,l";r"," . '" lUtV
therein an iwUtrary government, and enUrgii,
its boundaries, to as to render it at once an ex- j
ample and fit tiistrnment for introducing the j
tame absolute rule into thc.e colonies;
For taking asvuy our charters, abolishing our ;
most valuable laws, and altering fundamentally
the powers of our governments;
For Eiispenditin our own legislatures, and do
clartg tlierrelves inverted with power to legis
late fur us in all cases w hatsoever.
He has abdicated govtrnmcnt here, by decla
ring; us out of his protection, and waging war a
lis Las plundered our seas, ravaged out coasts, then Lucked thcuiselvv out of the room.
I'hey then re-commencr-d their retreat
Walsh, havinv often travelled thut way before,
was so fortunate as tu hit the riht door but the
Minister was less fortunate. F.ither there was
a divergency in lim line of the carpet, or a dis
tortion of the vimiul rays, which liko Use rays of
liylit on entering our atmosphere, became bent
downward to the centre ofattraction. So Mr.
Wise, retreating upon a curval, instead of a
right line, came near making his exit at the
wrong door, whether into the apartment of the
maids o! honor or into the kitchen, this deponent
raith not. After several beckoning from the
secretary, by a skillful tact he regained his pro
per position. Alter arriving at the door, all
three again stopped and made another low bow,
rX7"IIoM0RS to Gf.n. J(-fcSOS. Renj. F. Sut
ler was selected to deliver an eulogium on the
character of (Jen. Jackon, at New York, on
Tuesday last. The Vice President, Hon G. M.
Dallas, w ill deliver an eulogium at Philadelphia.
At Laneaster Judge Lewis pronounced the eulo
gium on his character, on Tuesday last. At
Pittsburg, the lion Wm. Wilkins will perform
the same olfice, on the Ith of July. These dis
tinguished gentlemen will, no doubt, da ample
justice to the character of the deceased.
K7"Mr. Fitzgerald, ofN. Y., has invented a
Tuscan braiding machine, for braiding Tuscan
straw, which will do as much woik a sixteen
1 girls can produce in the same time.
Msss. r, h just ifplei ished the snm
follows With a mariner's compass of measured ' Wi'li a i,uk of g.'OiU wh eh heing purchas d
lengths ol common string lay out the places for j t cash prices, will he sold,r C uh or Country
. , . -.u-u.lt u- . . , . froOUCe, rurniv err en . l-oeniirr ,un-. u'ui' wan
the wooden pins, to which the buried wire is at- ' -' !,.,, iivw.ii.Mj
ii. and iuiil'P f V'Hiiselve.. llLNUl MAWtlt.
tached, (by passing through a small staple.) tare M.isSI.K. resoeclu Iv infum his old
new official position which 1 now hold. I were to must be taken to lay the length of the wire duo friends aid customers, that he hus s dd out his s..t
pass sentence against those democratic members ! north and south by compass, and the breadth j to II. mv M .s r, and rcsp. rl ully icque-t, all those
who voted for another democrat, instead of the I due east and west. Tim wire must leJ.Ued fnnt ; Z "ej'h.T-
caucus nominee, i mignr jusuy ie asKen, "w no
made me a ruler or a judge" in this matter.
They are responsible to the sovereign people of
their respective districts and counties, and in
the bands of their constituents they shall be left,
so far as I am concerned. Resides, I might add,
that any interference on my part in this delicate
question, would inevitably tend further to dis
tiact and divide the Democratic party of Penn
sylvania, at a moment when I am most anxious
it should be united in tuppoiting the National
and State du.inistratious.
Rut whilst 1 refiain from discussing the con
duct of impeaching the motives of any of the De
mocratic members of the Legislature during the
recent Senatorial election, I would do myself
gn at injustice if, by my silence, my opinion in
regard to the policy of holding Legislative cau
cuses should be misconceived or misrepresented.
Previous to tbe election, both of Dr. Slurjeon
General Cameron. 1 had uniformly expressed my
sentiments in favor of such caucuses ; and had
even urged many friends to exert their influence
with the Demorratie members to induce then, to
attend the late caucus. Indeed I am firmly eon
vi ruled that this is the best mode w hich expel i
ence has ever discovered of preventing individu
al preferences for men from distracting and di
viding the party, and thus endangering the tri
umph of the great principles of Democracy. But
this result can only be produced by tbe will of
the sovereign people themselves. SboolJ the
extraordinary excitement which you inform me
now exists ia Pennsylvania, eauseoor Democrat
ic fellow citizens to decree that their Legislative
servants shall hereafter go into caucus and be
bound by its decisions fairly made, this excite
ment will then have resulted in great public ben
efit. Rut there is no remedy for the past ; and
it is true wisdom to submit to that which is in-
evitable, w ith the beat (race we can, taking
niir ti.i.l ..ft. art all Itrt'.is r is itivsart II Sill a V lis
this point the buried wire. 1 he suspended wire i (e , f ,, 4.., ,j ln remedies, f.jrni -hiu
must not be drawn too light, otherwise the wind ( t vul -nccot its iwrmsic a'unl power, us the on
will break it, 'y sircni which csn he robed iis.n for the cu.e of
The Rev. W. Thorpe remarked that the ap- ' Htt'inoiMr, ConsonipMon. Ur...i.-hii.s, As-hrna.
... . , , . . ... . PjIU hi ill side and Brea-t, Spil ing of UU.d,
plication of the electricity of the atmosphere up. : c ifm)J)
pon a large scale for the purpose of agriculture j a,,,,., ,j,ul u .,,u,.,ited l ihe foil iwi ig S '(.
is a discovery which, if successful, (and there is : lSHlNC CURB, hv Thmsii'. Compound Svrup
every theoretical reason tha, , should be so, will ! '' " .i. MV 3.7, .SH.
exercise a most important influence upon its in- i Mn THOMSON Der Sir Wuh grateful
terests. Dr. Foster here has obtained more than j f, r'i-ik I mfurin y o of llie sliiiidiiiig elfecs of
three times the average amount of both barley i your mo.lieine. w bieli hs hternly ii d dm frjin
. ... . . i : . .w a do .Ill-tie. II i V uiseil-e, I uiiiiou .rv voiisu iip-
anil straw, (-1 to 3 quarters being the average, " ; r
t - " ...... b. ... rw.liii-.l iiia kit Lint ll,:il mv lihwdirnan lir.l.
while he has 13 quarter and about 3000 lbs. of i lrirP,. n)t rjs horle.. At ibis ju'.ri i Ibe-
straw, wiile he has V, iuu IW ) i tie coiuuiion , )0 u.e year m-diane, and miraculous a it may
of the air in regard to electricity has evidently a
most striking influence on the rapidity of the
growth of plants, most of which increase in tbe
most extraordinary manner during thundery wea
ther. Nitric acid, a most important element in
the food of plants, is formed in the atmosphere
during thunder storms ; and at these periods fiec
electricity ia considerable qnantity can be drawn
from the air by flying kites with w ire strings.
There is also a genera! electric current over the
earth's surface from east lowest, and both tbe
terresliat and aerial currents are here collected
by tba saspended and buried wires, and again ab
stracted by the moist earth and the roots, which
when wet become conductor of tha electricity.
The application of electricity to field culture is
quite in its infancy, aud probably many improve
ments will be d.seoveied ; whether one or mors
svein, it hx completely ra-lored irh h netun, titer
everything rUa had faded. Respectfully sour.
Charlotte stiert, above (ieoige street.
The undersigned, hems, personally acquainted
with Washington Mick and his sultering. bear
witness to the a!Miihing eoVcl of Thomson's
Compound I'yrup ol Tar, and the truth of ths a
JOS. WINNER, 318 N.rh Third street,
DAVID VICKERS, 41 Almond sect,
HIGH M GINLEY, 8. E, eorntr Tanwny
nd Fourth Greets.
lrepred only by S. I. Thomson, N, E. corner
tf 5th and Spruce streets, PhtUds'iibia.
Agnts. II. Ii. Maawr, Suntury ; D. Cnis,
and Dr. Macpha sin, lianUhurg ; Jn . G. Urown,
Pottsville ; lie-. Earl, Renting ; Houston ok Ma
on, Towanda. lliadi'ord county, Pa. Pries 50 cenu
per hot le, or f 5 per dozen.
fj3" Hcware rf oil imilaiotu
Phdadelphm, Juiie 2Sib, IS15.