Newspaper Page Text
A ii r i tint m f I lie l!u 1 1 ti - fl . M . j
I'm: Moxtx.-i Im-uiM n Alte r the fight ofthr
Ihh became general, a private, nn li i-liinnn,
liwml it piprr. of the chnipnrel iiifcrvctnnir tf- ;
t?.epii hio'i-ielf fcnd a struppin: M wrmi. The'
Mi'Mrin raised Ins piece, urn! lakiiii; dolihenle
ami, pulled llio tripger' Tin' piece ilnl lint imi
oil', hihI lliu Movirnn i'nin raised nml n-i imiI
it. I'mlily nil the (inn! hmkillp coolly mi. At
the sec.ind failure ! di'li.irce his piece, tin- ;
Mexican, in n delirium of w nth, Ihrcw his mns- ,
k"t nviiy,nnd went through various pyr.-ilinns i
il'i!i'5pnir. Paddy, mistaking- there eccentrici
ties f.ir n chailcnpc for a fist lipid, tlircw nvv.iy
his musket, r nil plucinp himself in an attitude
1 hut woiilil have delighted Penf Ibirke., simp
mil "OIi hy the powers, you w ill nut find hip n
mil's winli die lists, iT that's )er panic'' Lieut. ,
, lei vns observing- this singular rxlnhi- '
lion uf coolness and chivalry, ordered the ml- 1
di"r In lake up his proper weapon nnd send the '
M 'vicniito his long- liuine, which wasihue ac
cordingly. A private, on thcOtli, who In. J followed Lieut. '
P .bbins lurniiph the thickest of 1 1 fiji', raif
cd his musket at s Mexican and would have ,
blown hint through, if the poor fellow hud nn;
moist piteouy cried ou! amio ! umiu! at tin- '
(111110 11011? -dropping bin weapon ; the private ,
did the same, and idvnnccd inward tho .We.i- :
nn In tn kf him prisoner, when tin' Mexican
f r fi-l iiiusly raised his picric, nnd instantly
killed the generous American This so emu i
i'iil Lieut. Polihins that ho drew his Howie .
knife, nnd at a bound reached the coward, and !
literally split his hrad in two ! i
Thr Yrteron of iiml,on. As t 'i. tirr li il iV I
battalion of nrtill;ry wcro nil vr.nc i tiijr to take:
their position in tin second line of buttle on the 1
"lli, a private in the I'll re.'inient wns mini up
to, who lay upon the baltle field with ho'li lees
shut oil. He was one ol the first thtit loll after
the cannonade commenced, and was a irternn
in i poison's wars. After having escaped in
the terrible conflicts of Austerliz and Wnyram,
and in th;' retreat from Moscow, and the hittle
nf Waterloo, he lived to full on the Rjlo Alto, !
hy a cannon-shut from a Mexican la'torv. As
liisfelln.v soldiefj passed him, nr'd noticed at 1
every pnlsition of his heart that the blond How- j
e.i tr..m Ins wound-, they stopped nn iiiflnni lo ,
s-vm.n.l. -,i- with him : the noble hearted fellow. 1
is Ii.h eys were glazing in death, waved them
no, ii i ni v:l!i hi.shisl breath, saiil, ' (jo, comrades,
haie only got what a soldier ciili.-ts for."
A '."oi. i ntf.ru. Our friend Cnpt. Church, of '
ihx l;u!i,.tin, on his late trip up from New Or- DS Tim weather has been exceedu.ely vai ia-lean-,
brought with him a number of officers just j ble. On Friday the thermometer stood ut !-..
hum the urmv. Thev were full of nnecdote. of 'he Wednesday followin' it was down to no,
course, and the following little illustration of '
c haracttr is intercstiitR as well as amusing : j
Among the voluMeers was a "gentleman's son" ;
-a lull private, who heartily sick of rainy wea- , pfm,I(.Ilt nt Washington furnished us with some
iher, mud, and no shelter, first went to his cap- : i,lirorIant on, interesting news, in reerd to Mr.
lain with his complaints, bnt meeting with no ! 1!enton.s probal,lc course on the tarilT bill now be
particular sympathy, resolved to have a talk with ' (olc the Spna,p Wp fr,ls, , in(oriIia,ion ,iiv
Cuieral Taylor himself. Arrived at the com- ! pr()ve corroct Mr.Uenlo,, is a statesman of en
mander's Quarters, the (.'eneral was pointed out to ' , ......, i ..,., t;,. ;.,,, .,,.; it..
him, but he was r.ther incredulous. "That old ,
fellow t.eneral Taylr.r? Nonsense ! Satisfied, j
h.iwi-ver, that such was even the case, he march- j
cJ up, and, lather pat runii. ii. !', opened his bu-
' (ieneral Taylor, I believe.""
Well, (Jeneral, I'm dev'lish fi'.id to see you
amin.teeii. I no i.eucrai rclurnc' ineciviin . :
"(ien.-ral, you'll excuse me, but sine." I've been ;
hero I've been doing all I could for you have, j
indeed; but the fact is, the accomniodatio.ns are
Vi-tv t.n.l nre irnlfied mint sir I n et nn 1 1 V mild '
, ',. , .... ,, i.i !
.'Kl antra, 1 I.i lie llnu II in it flcttlall v nnit tn.' I
la.-t i. Ceneral, I'm a centleman's son, and not !
use I to it !" j
1 he (ieneral, no doubt deeply impressed with !
the fact ol" having a gentleman's on in the army, i
expressed his regret that sui h annoyances slnulj ; th a art the voice of the people,
ever exist, under any circum.tanccs, in a tivili-
z"d army. I C7" The Pi xxs vi. a ma n. This paper, in
"Well but, Cieneral, what am 1 to do'" J .p(.ai;i,iS of the passage of McK.y's bill, has the
"Why, really, I don't know, unless yon take; i,ardihood to ysseit that the tartUf 1M0 was
'""Well!' now that's civil-'tis indeed. Of i not the question at issue during the la-t Presi
course don't mean to Mm you out, but a few j ''""l campaign, except iua few counties in the
in-ill sleep - a cot or a bunk, or anvthine i
would be so lefiesl.ing' Your place-where is !
it , (ieneral f
"Oh, just drop down anywhere about here
any place about camp w ill answer
The look which the "gentleman's son" gave I
the Cenerul was rather peculiar.
"Well, no wonder they call yon 'Rough and
Ready!'" said he; and. amid the smiles of all
but "Rough and Ready" himself, the "gentle
man's son" returned to take his chance of the
weather. HI. l-tui Ilrvicl'r.
I. ate from Hie Ami)-,
Letters received by citizens here convey to! '. '
J . plnn, Nurlhamptoii, and olliers trist we know
them the positive assurance that the Mex.can . the Ian,r ttas ttImos, ie ollly (lleMu, u, j,.
army will return within Un uumilif. (ocrs ! sue ,t was deemed by ihem a questiou of such
lliey'l! think b Iter of it. illlprtiHu.e. Ibat Mr. Polk never could have re-
Hy late advice- welnvo learned that Cara- ,.tfiveii the electoral vote of Pennsylvania, bad
b.ijnl bed Hiccerdeci in Cullccling aboul H!( j (u), Mf p,ut.ianuu stepped lorward and vouchid!
i n r i" nnd had ei.ied w ilhiii filly uiiK s of this jo. i,js tariff principles. The fact that every
e, ou n .y tnwardbCBiiiargo. That La- , niemhei ofrougiess in l'enn) Ivania, excepting
ii-. ! is t a .en Caiiiiireo and Monterey upon ! .Mr. Wilmot cf the liiadi'oid, Susipiehanna and
tin Wtii M.ie ni the Sill Juan river. Tliat li.r- j xioga distric t, having warmly supported the ta
ttii'riniri', it ;eueially understood thnt he has rilfol" IK-I2, is of itself a siillicient refutation
hid ii'terviews wnli the Alcaldes ef Ih" ji:ns ; And we much mislake the character of Mr. Wil-de-'.iin
n'm-.-.t P. eynusii run! C imari'ii, and thai mont's constituents, if Ihey give him another op
I i'-y h'lV! n"reed hm,,ii it d.'i larnt.nn of lln'.e. , portuiiity of tnisrepreeiitii.g their inleiests
jeiileiiC". (ieneri's Tier.jnn and Junrniie We haw been iissiiied by some of I he iiiol in
ure in Monterey, (irn. Ampiiilia 1a inS lli Lin duentidl and il.lelllgeiit deuioc rits of bis di.tuct,
I'.iiosi. C.en Veii-i still with the r omit ! that at least tuo-liiiiila of his con-tituanti are
nt the urmy, in winch much itkiit preails,
i. a in.? nn doubt lo their precipiate rttrcut.
..en. Arista is now ai me naciumitt ,
nidered lo Mexico he d. dine pump, ulleeiua
h'lt his acoubei. are present, and that where
Ihey re l)g expect to answer all caltimmaticiis.
ll'l'iiohr u) i hi: 11J (irua.li;
Silfmrf.itf, July is, mtc
it, r.i,.rii-:it, ;?., at itri -
tntrnnti Ctml tttKcr,eornrr ol ,'1 ( mul flirnntit
Klrrtl, l'itlititrfhttt, s ttuthm in l In or tin
.Iznit, m if rrcrljit lor nil iiinnlrn tlur Ihln
offlrr, Tnr nilsrrl)iUn or arlrrrlliliiz.
.1l.no nt lil IHVIvr .Vr. I fill .Witnaii S. rrrt,
,1nl S .. Vornrr of lliiltlnmir ami t'nlrrrt
nit , llalltnxorr.
dj Piiiwvi; Ink.--A fmh supply of mi pel ior
iinitii' r ink just received, nnd for fall' at Phila
delphia price, for caUi.
PT" Wo are indebted to the Hon Kirlmld
lliosdlii-ad fin his excellent speech on the Tai ilV
Also, to the lion. Alexander Raintay lor his
speech on the same fiiliject.
pi."?' Messrs. Canieron, Pollock it ml l.cih will
accept our ll.''l;s for inhlii' doriimeiits.
f T.ikii i li.-FTixrt. UV rcl'.T our renders
lo tin' pioi eeilinus of the tariff meetine;. held in
this pi H e mi Tuesday evcnilia;. They speak the
sentiments of the w hole coinniunit .
C." The address of the committee on the f un. J
bui y and l'i in Kail Road will be continued next
Livi - oi nn: l'i i os - We hav e received
fioni Messrs Camp . Wilkes, ol New icuk.n
pamphlet of ih cp interest, under the above title.
It is a criminal calender and is compiled paitly
fiom the .National Police li'iizette, published by
them weekly. Thewoik is well yot up, and
ornamented with the likenesses of culprits, nnd
other cngiuvina". Pi ice '"i cents
The weather has been excessively hot the
past week. On Saturday la-, the 11th. the
tliermometer slood at '.i1-in the shade, in this
On Sunday folclinon, it w,i evceedii ;
In the afternoon, it became cooler.
"' I1''"'" u"' r,al",s '" l"',lls w""" """P'-'i
to cease from their labo.s. In Philadelphia, the
thermometer stood at tn.'i in the shade, on Satur-u.-y,
at 'Jl o'clock, P. M. On the ir.th of July,
is. I.", the thcimomcter stood at Jul, nt the same
' time cud place.
when fires were comfortable and cloaks actually '
brought into requisition.
Pnr.Mit. Rkxton am. ti.k Ti'.m .- Onrcorres-
laii..! , iiths an.i r in iipi.i ii'i 'i ii. .........
,,,,, ie t1ril ,.rai.,. 1Ht tMet
him ,o acl in Hr(.nr,, ,,.,, it(l (lll)St vi,,ws, in. :
. . , ,-,, f,n,,,.. iM p,..
, -. , , . ,..,,.. , i ,.,, .. ". ,,., f, . i.
I'pemlont ot tlie iiammeis oi paiiy. in renii
F)l,a""",n"" ......j ."...
and admiiers His senatorial car. ei of late years
has not lessened their number, a ml should be now !
,a.p grmlr,, against McKays bill, which we are ;
ilicitl,.ti lo ,imik he w; do, his services will
,lot ,o,.n be forgotten by the democracy of the
H7" Oi.ii 1'it.k ix tuh Kiki.h. A large meet-
ine in opposition to McKays tariff bill was held
" ' "' 1 " .' w
.,P. u!,e Purpose. In Pottsi . ,le, sever-
ul meetings have been held. The whole country
is rising, and woe be to those who attempt to
..i ii i:.... i-i f il... t
north. Sue!: a declaration, coming lioni men
prof.-t.-ing ordinary intcll.ge.-.ce and common
honesty, when the whole eornuioii wealth i shock
ed and surprised by the pa-sage ofti.is infamous
bill, is what we did not expect fiom the present
proprietors of the Peun-yhanian. When that
paper came into the bands of Mesrs. Voiney
Hamilton, we supposed they would endeavor to
: make it wotthy nf at h-a-t a small share of the
.confidence of the clemoeiaey of Pennsylvania, i
instead of c irt iuiisci ibing its labors fur the bne.
fit of a small clique in the county nf Philadelphia.
I In the counties of Noi Ihuiiibn land, I'nion, Co-
! lniiilii:i t 1-i-miiin.r I ll'Sereli. -ielm v 1 1: i It 1 l.-ili.
1 opposed to the bill, which ho lose from a sick
Cot stii.i . , r -The Philadelphia North!
Aineiicaii says, we w. te vestei.lav shown 4 live
, ,0ar ii Inter A. .No, I'll, purporting lobe
IS d l the Maniacturers' and Mechanics' l.'auk
c I this city
j Hi TI e li't f. iii.liury li.ii It.' rmitains an cdi- ' T.tllJS'l' ."H.IMIMl, I live itate at assaiUd, in her mot vital parti, I lions, whcrpvrr hp ilrpnird liimwlf tiirhl, has
ltori.il mlirle in relation In the pange of Mc- ,la mcftiiid nl llm Deioociatie citi.ein of ," w''' "'. '' l'"i'd he has done here j npver been detprrpil hj tlm scovvlingS 8nd dc
j Kay s larid b ll, which, Ihoiijfh it may appear Sunhnry, held in tin? t'ouit llmup, in pniiuuictf tulorr, in i!'fonre of Ik-r jiit riilit, ami avett nunc'ntionf of rrPy ifcfnrrrT?r whoore lfpn-
neniier usn or ueu to snnii-, t mi-mi, one,,,,- .
cd as a thrtut at the tarilTof 181 J, and an appro-
bill, iiow before the I' S Senate. We ihonU
let the article pas unnoticed, were it not that it
j iniuht be iiiiited by the free trade journals abroad j
I as the opinion of the democracy in this section of ;
the state, when the fact is, that scarcely a dozen '
of individuals can be found who do not condemn. !
. . .. ti I ,i'. l'
the s.ronu,,, terms, McKay . odious Ln.ish ,
'l ,M" v"
A I.. I .. I... I. .ii.i...ln..f a Air . L'.tt-
own ndtiiiioin, in order to raise sullii ient reve
line, will compel us lo import .1ft millions of do!-
bus worth mote of foreign piodncts, manufactu
red and not i.p by (meiri labor, instead of giving
emp'oyuient to our own laborers and mechanics
The I !,ielte jays :
"Who w ill hiOii Vo that tin' wire rpprpsenta
live ol Ohio, Kentucky. North Carolina, tVr.,
noTicn'tiiral slnti s which hnvi no micro! in
the inniiiii'ir tun s of tho rinintry, are. lavoruble
loalnvli prnti clivi' tnrill, a inonsiiro which iin-po-os
a l-i.v upon iheni lor tin: benefit ol l'i nn
sv Iv iniii, nnd the o'her nnniilncturiiio states !
The idea i-- prepiii-'teron. Thi'V nri liot fnvor
nhle to n hieh lanll. Thov nro for a larill' vvl ieh
w ill en-ilrp Ihrm to buy their cloth-, their cottnii
Uiiods, and their iron cheap, nnd soil thpir erain,
ihoir pork sod thuir hei fdenr."
Where, we would auk. will the fanner ell his
train, pot k and beef dear, w hen tin1 home mar
ket, created by our manufactures, is de-trovd '
)oes the editor know that out of about Kill mil
lions of biihels of wheat annually produced in
' this coun'rv. rntiland has taken on nn average
i,an f,k e millions of bu-hes, w hile we were
taking at the same time about 100 millions o!"
doPais woilh of her manufactures ? Does not
the C.i.'tte know tint the single state o Massa
chusetts alone alibi. Is 'ur fjrmeis a b-tter mar
ket than r.nelaud Put the Carette says, the
nerieiiltitrnl stntes have no iiitercst in the manu
factures of the country This is certainly a new
doctrine. It is pretty eeneially Cnnee 'cd that
about one half of the cot of manufactured urti
cles is made up of agricultural labor and pro
ducts If, then, we impott .'el million of dollars
worth more merchandise under McKay's bill, we
must iierescDi ly take 2.' million nfdollnrs fiom
our funnels, and pot tint sum in the pn-kefs of
P.i itisli farmer' and land ow ners in amount just
five I imes as much as Miojland takes of our w heat
Nor w ill the repeal of the corn laws make any
material difference. Nine-tenths of all the cnin
imported into Copland, has hitherto come fron.
the shores of the Paltic, paying a duty of about
10 cents per biii-hel, while at the same time A
merican wheat could be sent to l'.ntfland. by way
of Canada, nt a duty of about It cents. How
then c;n eur farmers expect to compete with
these Russinu serfs, when their w heat is admit-
"i equal terms with ours ' l'.very President
nf the I'nited Stntes. with the exception of John
1 Tyler and Mr. Polk, has admitted the necessity
unit beneficial effects of our manufactures upon
our agi i'.'iiltnral interests. It is useless to say
more upon lb? subject. Common sense, as well
as common experience teaches n-. if we destroy
our furnaces, forges am! work shops, none suffer
more severely than the tanner.
1 1 1 1: lii.-m lici K renin r u (In TI ursdnv Ih(
the pr.ntinL' mat. rials behmeiii-.' t this olliee
were sold nt constubleV mle. 'Plie In e cilliee
br.n.el.i i. In lit 'our hundred doll; r. No piper
Inm been issm d I'nrthelHMIwn weeks. 'Phis
js i. HXih r,.u-spaper ( stuhlt.-l.mi lit that ha
pfn-si d thrniieli the bands of the -h- riU'uml cons-
'able in eur horntigh, within the !-! two yenrs.
nnd augur- bsi lv tnr the sneers.! nf rditi rial en-
terprin at !l.e icul nt governineiit. I'uirn.
y Could not our friend Jesse Miller extend
a helping I. mul to save the nrgnn of the adminis
tration. "Kats ley a sinkirg ship," was the
language the Reporter applied a few weeks since
i to the Lycoming (ia. lte, one of the oldest and
; filniit ,,,..,.., atir riip,.s WP ,iaVl.. I'd.ec.es
! a ,r.ln,,. ,ul1 sometimes
C!7" The cie Ti:i:m Prim ici.k. The follow
ing extracts, on the principle of one term, we
take from the speech of judge Woodward, in the
reform convention. Wc trust he and his friends
will endeavor to carry them out at the next
election for (iovemor :
"Mr. Woodward said be was desirious tin'
amendment should be adopted, as it would se
cure the fidelity of the executive officer It
would relieve the governor from the necessity
of directing the main measures of his administra
tion to his own continuance in office. He did
not mean to say that any governor bad ever so
prostituted his wcr. as to have used it to effect
his re election.
The veto power, the patronage power, i fact,
all the vaiious ;owers. with which the constitu
tion clo'hes that olficer, might be employed,
m..ie with a view to his re-election to the office
of governor, for a second or third teim, than for
Ihe substantial benefit and good pf the people of
the commonwealth of Pennsylvania He (Mr.
W.) was oppo-eil to all these temptations; ami
his b-lief was that ihe olfice would be more dig
nified. more elevated, more worthy to be filled
by the best men in the State, if divested of all
those tin iimstances and inducements, which
might be taken advantage of by a eon upt man,
to procure his re-election If we made a man
eligible to the olfice of govei nor, for one term,
he would have no limine lo influence his con
duct, but that of the public good. He would not
piostilule the veto power, the appointing power,
nor any of Die other powers which are given to
him by Ihe constituting ll would not then be
tempted tii exercise them with aview to effect
. his own re-eleciion, as be might now do, anil
, which the history of Pennsylvania, showed had
been done. This, then, was the ground on w hic h
' he based his amendment.
And, another reason, which weighed with
some force on bis mind. was. that a sinele term
would place Ihe individual above the debasing
influence- that too nejily asseciated with the
1 ( ffi,-, , of g,.M 1 ini
o pr(.Vous noticp, on Tnesfl.iy pvenint!. the 1 Ith '
ist , on motion of A. Jordan. K.q, lion I.KWIS I
winrmwn i m-jiuhii , hlt iiiwi, ;
I liotnas A. Ilillnie.ton, lieorpe .M.ntin and I rnn-
ri Rurher, Vi e Pirjideiitt, and John P.. '
rackrr, T.T S-crelaiy.
The olij-rt of the meetin- bavins beef, stated
by the chair, on m -lion of ('. W. Ilep;iiis, I'.-ii , j
Uitnlcril, That a committee ol seven be an- 1
rinUM, , rrpolt ri.,oltios expressive of the ;
sense of the tneetini. !
Whereupon the rhnir nppointed Charles W. i
lie-ins. Win. M. Jrny.ll 15 M.isser, l s , lion i
Ceo ('. W. iker. Wm. J. .Martin J.i , Pr l 1 .
Triti- and fieorse l!ri(jht said committee, who.
' alter a short nlnence, ri turned and reported the
followiiii; prenmble nnd resolutions, which, on
motion of A del dan, I'si , were unnnimnu!y
The Democracy of Pennsylvania, since the a
iloption of the constitution ol the t'ninn to the
present, have been in favor of protecting, by
means of their rwenuu lawn, home indiistiv
and domestic products nuint foreign lubor and
foreign products. The
loctiine of the )e:,v
er.itie pai ty has ben concisely stateii to be "a
Tii i i IT lor revenue eipial to the wants ol the (iov
eminent economical! y administered. with nchdis
eliminating tluties as to nlfoul incidental prnti e
t'o i to linme imhiitiy and domestic productions "
This doeti'tie has hitheito received the Siinctioii
ol" the Democratic Piesidents and every Derno-
cratic Connie-? which has ever acted upon the
subject. The Democracy of Penn-ylvania, al
ways distinguished for their firm adherence to
the great principles of the patty, have cheri-h-ed,
with peculiar jealousy, the doctrine of pro
tection for it has given energy and pro-peiity
to their immediate neinl nnd political svstem.
It may be confidently asserted that, the Dem
ocratic party of this state would never have giv
en her elecloial vote to a candidate fur the Presi.
delicy who had candidly avowed that, in the
went of his election, he w ould in the administra
tion of the (;overnoieiit be -waved by a policy
ho-tile to her social intere-N Thi- determina
tion was Well known i!iii ing the la.-t I 'i esident in!
canvas, and '.nnllnv the leai then expre-'ed,
James K. Polk. on the 1 U ol Jane, decla
red in a letter to fohil K. Kane, ' that in adju-t-ii'i;
a Taii.Tl'nr revenue, I have heretofore sane
1 tinned such iiiinli-i.it e ilsrruniwi! itii; duties as
would produce the amount uf revenue needed.
and at the same time uli'.ir.l ica-otiable iucid. nta!
prty.trl.un to our home industry. "
"In my judgment, it is the '' nf (oiveinment
to extend, as far as it may b- pi.ictimble to do
so, by its revenue l aws and all other means with- '
in its power, fair nnd just jirntrrtion to all the
great interests of the whole I'liioii." Not onlv
the policy, but the cu.'y. of prn!rc!t"it is here dis-
i tinctly declared, and upon such nssuiances the
democracy relied with confidence.
The annual message of President Polk to con
gress was. therefore, received with chagrin nnd
astonishment. It avowed doctrines in direct
opposition to those published in his litter to Mr.
Kane. It counselled a policy which, if carried
out by congress, would strike dow n '-home in
dustry and take away nil protection from our
domestic piodncts. It wns still hoped, however,
that the practical wisdom of congress would
triumph over the uutiied theory of the Presi
dent ; but the pnssnep of Mr. McKay's bill thto'
i the Hou-e of Representatives has well nigh ex-
tingiiished this last le.pe its faint lay rests
Upon the Senate. Tolli i Senate, then, in the
exercise of the right of Democratic Freemen, we
solemnly prnte-1 ag,iin-t the pa-sage of this in
iquitous and destiuctive lull. Therefore.
Ursolvnl, That the TarilT Poll which has re
cently passed through the House of Repre-enta-lives
of Congress, aband uis the settled policy of
discriminating for protection, and adopts the wvie
theory nf discriminating for revenue alone that
it will pro-trate our domestic manufactures and
home industry subjec t the proline's of the coun
try to ruinous foreign competition, and destroy
the home marke! of our agriculturalist, which
Pennsylvania farmers know is the best mat ket
the woi Id has ever yet afT.ird.-d to them.
Il-ntlrtil That the ml rtilnnm duties imposed
by this bill on coal and iron, will be entirely in
iideciiate to protect these great staples of thin
state foreign coal will take the place of the do
mestic article in our eastern ports our furnaces
must ' blow out," and we be rendered tribitfnrv
to (ireat liritain for iron, "the great necessary
of life" our vast mineral resources must, hence
i forth, lie buried in our soil, and the busy pnpula-
tinn f our mineral districts be driven from home
in search of labor.
7i'rWr, 1 hat this bill will inflict a fatal blow
"l,on ,t"' '"t'fests and prosperity of the Keystone
state that there is nothing in the piesent situa
tion or prospective relations of Ihe country,
which calls for such a total change in the policy
of the government and the depiocracy of Penn
sylvania can regard it only as a causeless inllic.
. '"-'"r) '
rcnive I hat the renn-y Ivauia delegation
in Congress, with one solitary exception, are en
titled to the warmest Ihanks of their constituents,
for the firm and decided stand they have taken
in opposition to Mr. Walker's liritish taritr
bill, nnd for their advocacy of the tariff of lsPJ
Kniifrrtl That we have full confidence iu
the integrity and ability of our ii'eiiators in Con
gress, the Hon. Simon Cameron and the Hon.
Dat'iel Sturgeon, who are earnest'y requested to
u-e all honorable means lo defeat the iniquitous
bill now befoie the Senate, as destructive of all
the great interests of Pennsylvania, and tuinous
to the whole country, and contrary to the princi
; pics avowed by Mr Polk, through his friends and
iu his letter to John K. Kane.
Wir..-Th.t we h-ve undiminished con
lidence in the ability, itatriotism and integrity
the Vice President, the Hon. lieo. M I'allas, and
' ',hdt when thv int. rots, an I profjfiity el In na
'nipeiuiing uiow aime.i i..r tier ilestruction. .
;.Vtpt.-Tlint we will, hereafter, as demo- '
rrais i'iu'( onrpvoR Irt siittimr! no m:in fur r,f.
fici-, whose principles on the greut suhjecl of
prutcctimi are of doubtful character.
AWiv,. -That a copy of these p.oceedin-s
, 0(lr S(.na,or, in rolll,rPMi with a r.
,,,,,, tiny ,m rra(, in (. Spla,) ,,
n,M i, ,.i,i;,t,.i v. t-..:... i
in., i.- iiii- ii iiiiiinuiuii i nioi , nun
in ,,mof ratir nanPr, :n ,....
' (Signed bv the Ollicers I
C7 Tiik Kank T.kt n:R. Retnw, weiveniir
readers I he famous A'ane letter, w hich should be
perused nlonj with Mr. Walker's report, as mat
ters of ctuiosity, for future reference:
"Com miiia, Tpnn., June IS II.
Pcnr S.r: I I invo received recently several
letters in reference to my opiirnns nn the fiiIi-j-'c!
of the TiinlT, nnd ntnonj nthers yotirs of the
Ilvhh ult. My opinions nn this nity-ft have
been orten jjiven In the p ililic. They an; tn
he f mud in my public acts, a rid in the public
''""ni' in which I hnve participated.
l am in lnvor of a Tnr ill fur Revenue, such a
onu na will yield n Htiflicient imnmnl In the
TriMsnry to defray the pvpensrs ol the CoVPrn
meiit, economically iidmiiiistcred. I n niijil uir
tin: details of n Revenue 'PnrilF, I have hereto
tnre sanctioned such moderate discriiniiiMtine
dulies a-i would priKlucp tlir amount ol n venue
needed, nod ill the same lime hII'ti! reasounbh
it cidentnl prolec'ion to our I Ionic? indn-try. I
am opposed to a TarilT for Protection, mm !y,
nnd not tnr revenue.
Acluij upon these jreneral princides il is
well known that I jj'ive my support to (Jen.
Jacks m's admiti's'ratinn on this subject. 1 vo
ted against lliu Tarifl" Ai t of 1S'.'. I voted for
the Act nfHM'J which contained ni'.d:ficatiotis
nt some of the objei;' ionnhle provisions of the
Actnflf. As n uiemher of the Commit tep
of Ways and Means of the IIiuhp of Representative--,
I irnvn my a-ent to a hill reported by thnt
Committep in llecemlpr -'.V2. iniikine further
nun! i licit inns of the Act of l--J-s, and makin
iils.i d:-cririiinatinns in the diries which it pro-pn'-ed.
Thai bill did not piss hut was superse
di d by t!io hill commonly called the ('oinpriun-i.-e
Hill, fur which I voted.
In my judgment, it is the dntj of (i. ver-'
lnont to ex. end, ns fnr as it m ay he practicable
to do in, by jts revenue lnws and nil other
menus within its nower, fair nnd just prolec'ion
to nl! the e;rent i nterep's of the w hole I 'nion,
embracing Ajriciil'iire, Manu'aetures, the Me
chanic Arts, Commerce and Navigation. I
heartily approve the resolution upon this sub
ject pissed hy the Pemocraiic National Conven
tion I itcly assembled nt Rjltimore.
1 am, with great respect, dear sir,
Vmir obedient servan,
John K I'vr, V. q , Philadelphia. "
Wvsin.MiroN, July lvjlh, l-l(.
II. II. M-siii, I'.-u Dun Sir: As the
new thrill' hdl is the subject of much cumment
throughout the country at this tune, and parli
cu'urly in your own stair, whose interests are
so closely idee.t.fied withthe protective wi'iey,
it sei ins to .ne an appi.ipr ate occasion to make
a l'i w remarks upon Hie subject.
As fnr as the lower branch of ( 'empress is c n
eeriiei1, the late nf the new hill has bei n deci
ded, not, however, without a just nnd deter
milled resistance on the purl of the delegation
from Pennsylvania. With a solitary exception
--Ilml nf Wilmot from the Ilrndliird di-lricf,
ihe ilidepaticvi nave il a firm r.oil decided op.
poMtiiui, proving themselves, as they have al
ways been considered, true friends tn such a
tarill' as w ill aflord ample protection to all the
Steal interests of the state.
All eyes are now naturally inclined In 'hrnk
to the Senate,' tor the preservation of the tariff
ot '-l! finer the House has decided in favor of
Mr. McKays hill. The stale of parties in the
Somite, upon this preat measure, it j pretty
well known, is eipially divided 0 lo "J"-
which will, consequently, throw the deejilinir
vote in the bunds' of the Hon. O M, DiPas. nn.
less the preat Missourian, tho Ibm. Thomas II.
Hentnn, who has alwnvs been an advocate of
specific duties, and fair and ripnt ible protection
to all American interests, pivrs it his opposition.
You will perceive that all depends upon one or
the other of the above named jjenlleman. That
the new bill if left in Ihe bands nf Mr. Pallas,
will become ihe law of the hmd, I am perfectly
satisfied, and that he is willinjj, if the contin
pency occurs Muded lc, In aid in sarrificinp
Ihe means by which Pennsylvania has just com
inenced prospering:, attaining a position w hich
would be riivird her by the preairst id her
sister states, I am none the less convinced of.
It is useless ami idle for any one lo indulpe in
the delusive hope (hit Mr. Pallas will stand
by Pennsylvania in this crisis. He never will
do it. llm vole, it ropi'ircd to be pivrn, vj-ill
be recorded in favor cd Mr. M?Kiy. bill, thus
disregarding the expectations of the people ol
his own slate. Wero he to consult Ihe w ishes
Ihe interests (he public credit nf Ihe state,
ihe pro-perily of its citizen--, and the (level
npnunl of its immense resources, why none
could doubt how his vote w ould be cast.
Pennsylvania must look to another person
besides Mr. piillaa fnr the defeat of thin bill.
Hon. Thomas II. Kenton, who, as I noticed
- ! bove. is in favcr of spec lie duties and fair
ef 1 ' cut protection, is the person lo whom
i he must now appeal for upport. Hin states
I man likv' and mdejicudcnt action upon all ijnc
,.ra)y (,ClualP.I by r?P5 r loo commpndn.
rnoi, him-Rrl say if wlt Pntirc conli-
,t... .'mU iu. .1..
111 li' a iif tun 1.1'iii.iuii -.7 ii w. I7j".-ri 1 nuui.-
pemh: iiwrp than on s.-ry r.ther prr.tiff, the defeat
ol the IOI rpporled. Ths" f J'ltJ IvcysMrio will
ever rpniei.dier lino nho tJc woi hy f.cf in time
ol need. Met son will riwirpv shnnld rl Hon-.
T. II. Rrnton sir,." forth end esfmnM her cause
a cansp as jiit as it is .horifimWc ftm? llliea
eroteful people, (live pjrprpsi'ions of their cai
tiide for the important services rendered. The
ypnrninry nf Pennsylvania are not ft it nnnls!
fill people, and ho who proves hiinc-elf her
friend will be cherished and honored, no matter
what portion nf tin; I'nion he may bo from
Mr. Ronton is the only nrin who Pennsylva
nians ran now look to for the preservation o!
the tnril?. If they are disappointed in him.
nothing ran be ninrli more certain than n re
fJtipiiim, notwithstanding !l the pfTirtsof the
t Ion. Simon ( 'ameron, with others nf the Pelin
sylvania deh ijntion, lo avert such a result.
With respect, I suhsciiho myself,
Ri i ai iti i. at io ok iuf Von: or iiik Hoi "r o
The .Vriv TmllT Hill.
YEA. NAVS. Al.TNT
Star... D. W. D. W. D. W
Maine f. 0 0 1 0 I
N Hampshire .'I fi 0 0 0 i
Vermont 0 0 n .1 1 I
Massachusetts 0 0 0 ! 0 i
Khode Island 0 n 0 2 n
Connecticut 0 0 0 1 0
New Voik K 0 I I J 1
New Jersey 0 0 2 ') 0 .
Pennsylvania 1 0 11 U 0
Delaware 0 0 0 t 0
Maryland t 0 1 1 o
Virginia 110 0 1 0
N. Carolina i' 0 u :i 0
S Carolina 7 0 0 0 0
lieorgia ' 0 0 2 n
Florida 1 0 o o 0
Alabama ' 1 0 0 II
Mississippi 4 0 0 0 0
Tennessee '" 0 0 .' 0
Kentucky .1 0 0 7 0
Ohio 1J O OS) 1
Michigan no 0 0 0
Indiana ' 0 0 ' 1
Illinois " 0 0 0 1
Missouri I 0 0 0 1
Arkansas 0 0 0 0 1
Louisiana .'! 0 0 1 0
Texas V 0 0 0 0
Total JKt 1 is 77 10
Three vacancies one member ithe Speake
('i v Tati.oii. (Jen. Taylor, by previous ai
counts from the Army, contemplated moving t.
ardf. Monterey on the 10th inst. We see by U
last number nf the Republic of the Rio (iran.
that some siii-It movement was expected in cam
as pieparations lor the ii paiture of the Art!
from Matanmrjs had been commenced T!
greatest enthusiasm and confidence in o'd ' Ron;
and Ready" prevailed in camp among both r.':
l.irs and v olunlei i-, ar.d vv ith such a feeling
bis favi.r wherever he marches it will b- '
victory. When it was announced in t'u- bri.i
iifvnlniiteerstli.it lien Scott was not to snpr
-lie lienei.il Tavlor, so great was the joy oft:
men. and so apparent, that their colonels iiiiin
diatelv called them out an I marched them toti
bank of the river, opposite tin.' old hero's ipia
t.'is. and gave Is i tii a militaiy salute; aft
which the soldn-is gave him three cheers, t1
heartiness of which plainly indicated thnt tie
were from the h'-ai t.
(Iciv. rmin os niK Moil - Pistiiunc i:s.
(Iov. Ford, of Illinois, In- the m is, singular 11
lions we ever heard expressed nf the duties
nn executive, iu tunes of civil co-nmo ion, ai
the necessity of preservinif order and enforcii
the hwsi. In relation to the late ilislurh.inc
at N iuvis", he writes llm billo.vin curious Ic
Siiiivui-ii i.n. June 1!, I'll'
Sin V'Uir favor of tin.' Itiih was leceiv
!n-t vriiinir. I concur Willi you fully as to I
proper mode of treatinp the disturbances in IL
ciM-k county. I think it best to let the parti
Jl hi il niil tin time ; and it is very pro'.eib!
il'lhev know that there is no in.erfereiier, the
will be but little tightinp niter all. Some oft
hoys waul somebody tn bold them, nd.lheu th
would have all the credit of beintf heroes, wit
nut the dnnper. Hut, seriously, I know ve
well that if I weir to order a force into IL
cock Ihe war would all cease the doiigt
warriors would scamper ofl'lo Missouri, a
they would all swear that they never intend
to have any disturbance. The troops would i
turn, for they cannot be kept there ail the li.i
ami then the lielij:erent would assemble
as ever. I would have tu do 'he thing
ver and over apain for ever, every lime maki
the County of Il inc H'k and the whole Sti
more ridiculous than bcliire.
Il thry wmt to lijjht let them fight, an.
think ihut if fifty itniilJ br killed off it iro
((f.pa mosl ' Mo( m, ,jr,.eU j tear t
never will bo any utihinistinn to hue in Ih
ruck until thr buy fht and if i . tired of it
1 am, respectfully,
Your nh'l serv'f,
Tim is the richesl specimen nf gubernalnt
wisdom exhibited in tho lOtli century. Top
1 serve peace, and lo protect life and propel
rubbery, arson and murder rmit be allow
! After such amusements the mob will, nu dot
' be appeased, and settle down into peaces
and well di-poaed citizens, havini.' a firm P
- aiv.v ye, tiie mprenucy ul the law,