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title: 'The Alleghenian. (Ebensburg, Pa.) 1859-1865, September 08, 1859, Image 1',
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A A fa
'I I It 1 1 II Ml II
V l W
OLSIXGER & IILTCIIIXSOV,
I WOULD RATHER BE RIGHT THAN PRESIDENT. II en by Clat.
T7"ILL be published every Thursday, at
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terms of advertising:
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till torbidden, and charged according to
tlll'RC'IICS'. MIXISTEUS. .tf .
, . ' 1
: fnsluterian Rev. D. Harbison, Pastor.
Treadling every Sabbath morning at 101
o'clock, and in the evening at 6 o'ejuck. Sab
l itli School at 9 o'clock, A. M. Prayer meet
every Thursday evening at 7 o'clock.
Methodist Episcopal Church Rev. J. Shane,
, Preacher iu charge. Rev. Smith, As
sistant. Preaching every Sabbath, alternately
( V10 o'clock iu the morning, or 7J in the
' ining. Sabbath School at 9 o'clock, A. M.
tycr meeting every TJiursday evening at 7
. Wrlch Independent Rev. Ll. R. Powell,
) ir. Preaching every Sabbath morning at
jo'clock, and in the evening at 6 o'clock.
Ibath School at 1 o'clock, P. M. Prayer
l Jting on the first Monday evening of each
I'''.' ! aiul OI every Tuesday, Thursday
Friday evening, excepting the first week
I t u li mouth.
C-ih-in'mtic Methodist Rev. John Williams,
X ftor. Preaching every Sabbath evening at
i .in! t; o'clock. Sabbath School at 10 o'clock.
I. Prayer meeting every Friday evening
o'clock. Society every Tuesday evening
ttciplc Rev. Wm. Llotd, Pastor Prench-
every Sabbath morning at 10 o'clock.
trtlcnlur liaptixt Uev. David Jenkins,
'or. Preaching every Sabbath evening at
lock. .Sabbath School at 1 o clock, P. M.
tlhulie Rkv. M. J. Mitchell. Pastor.
f vices every Sabbath morning at 11 o'clock
1 Vespers at 4 o'clock in the evening.
1 j;:h:siu u(j hails.
I MAILS ARRIVE.
' f-torn, daily, at IU o'clock, A. M.
f stern, "at 11 P. M.
J MAILS CLOSE.
Item, daily, at 5 o'clock, P. M.
Istern, " at 6 " A. M.
The Mails from Butler.Indiana. Strongs-
f ti, if., arrive on Tuesday and Friday of
li week, at ." o'clock, P. M.
, Leave Kbcnsburg on Mondays and Thurs-
s. at 7 o'clock, A. M.
; ja?" The Mails from Newman' Mills, Car
4,wn. arrive on Monday and Frid.iv of
f !i week, at 3 o'clock, P. M. "
. .eave Kbcnsburg on Tuesdays nd Saiur-
. at 7 o'clock, A. M.
- Post Office open on Sun-lays from 9
iu o clocK, A. !.
;. K AILKOAD SCI
.If t Express Train, leav(
K tiLiioii) sc iii:ii i.i:.
9.16 A. M.
7.48 P. M.
12.26 P. M.
C.23 A. M.
8.02 P. M.
f1 Miii t
EkSt Kinross Train,
. 41 Mail Train,
I VOL XT Y OFFICERS.
Tudjes of the Courts. President, II
vlor, Huntingdon ; Associates, Gc
r - I.... i:u i t '
- ri ? . ikie.iini
-.hard Jones, Jr.
ttary. Joseph M' Donald.
td Recorder. Michael Hasson.
is'Wijf. Robert P. Linton.
yifpntr Sheriff. George C. K. Zahm.
V'i'irict Attorneu. Theonhilus L. Hever.
'Kiry Commiionert. Thomas M'Counell,
m nearer, Abel Llovd.
Vlerk to Commissioner. George C. K. Zahm.
Vounsel to Commissioner. John S. Rhev.
V'renmtrer. George J. Rodgers.
r louse Director. William Palmer,
'ii O Harro. Michael M'Guire.
oor House. Treasurer. George C. K. Zahm.
"oor House Steward. James J. Kavlor.
l 'f-liiors. Rees J. Lloyd, Daniel Cobaugh,
fount' Sirveor. llpnrr Srnnlan.
wpennienaait of Common Schools. X. B.
n:.siiruc; hur. officers.
Yu-'ticfs of the Peace. David If. Robert.
turJilt, j))hn D Tf110.hPS.
PWn Council. Andrew Lewis. Joshua D.
ish, David Lewis, Richard Jones, Jr., M.
' 1rk to Council T.imna 17 Vnnn
" f"jh Master. Davis k I AnvA
Xch,jl Directors. f f! Ar'ririiA A 4
rker, Thomas M. Jnnci pi s' I.lnvH
Kard Glass, William Davis.
Vrrasnrer of School Board.
Instable. Gcore-e Gurlev.
VI Collrelnr- t
, wtvim; LJlil 1 ,
tssessor. Ri lar.l T T..:.
X"ije of Election. David J. Jones.
II. Roberts, Daniel O.
EBENSBURG, PA., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1859.
From the Waverley Magazine.
Weep Xot For Her.
Weep not for her the pure, the good,
Who from our midst is gone j
'Twas ever thus since mortal man
This earth was placed upon :
Our dearest objects pass away
The cherished droop and die;
The hopes that highest upward soar
The soonest prostrate lie.
Weep not for her to mother dear
A higher boon was given,
In grace immortal now she treads
The sapphire streets of Heaven.
With crown unfading on her head,
She chants the Savior's praise
With myriads who in concert sweet
Their angel voices raise.
Weep not for her she's better off
For one so mild and meek :
This earth was not a fitting place,
So barren, cold, and bleak.
The sinless light the golden air
Of Zion claimed its own,
And took her wearied spirit up
Unto its native zone.
Weep not for her for "all is well,"
She is an angel now,
Xo more will sorrow sweep athwart
ner bright effulgent brow.
Xor sin, nor suffering pain her heart
This sinful world's behest
She lives o'er death victorious now,
On Heaven's eternal rest.
Weep not for her for mother dear,
Though sadly we're bereft ;
And though within our circle fond,
An aching void is left.
Her memory i3 a sacred shrine
A sweet endearing theme
On which our holiest thoughts may dwell
Our calmest slumbers dream.
Weep not for her but let us strive
To nerve our spirits up
'Gainst sorrows pang oh yes, we can
Unshrinking drink the cup !
And when we've walked life's thorny path
A few fleet severing years,
We'll meet her in those happy realms
Where uought but joy appears.
W J. Mullih.
Written for The Alleghanian.
Extracts! rum I'cnclllingsatSea.
BY A CITIZEN OF CAMBRIA COUNTY.
It is unnecessary for mc to state by
what vicissitude of fortune, I found my
self, on the morning of the nineteenth of
August, 1844, on board the ship Mary, of
Salem, in the capacity of a sailor before the
mat. We were in a violent gale of wind off
the ooast of Spain, and endeavoring to gain
sufficient offing to double the Cape of
Trafalgar, and make the entrance of the
strait of Gibraltar. The wind during the
preceding night had been blowing iu fit
ful gusts, with occasional squalls of rain.
Uy daylight, when all bands were called
on deck, it had settled down into a regu
lar gale, such as can only blow along the
coasts leading from the liay of Biscay.
These generally exhaust their force on
the bold head-land of St.. Vincent ; but in
the present instance it appeared as if that
slight obstruction had only increased the
fury of the storm. A thick, heavy mist had
settled over the water, and the atmosphere
presented an appearance, in the extreme
of what sailors call, ltrty, and so thick
that if a mountain had been within a hun
dred fathoms, it could not have been seen
by any one ou board. And, to add to the
terror of the scene, the wind blew as if
old xlus had again allowed the bag con
taining the winds, to be re-opened, and
determined iu his anger, to make us feel
his power, before he would permit us to
escape from his wide domain? into the
placid waters of the Mediterranean.
The ship had been laboring very hard
all the previous night, and the creaking of
her timbers, and the continual roar of the
waters breaking over the deck, had arous
ed us from our unquiet slumbers in the
middle watch ; so that we were not alto
gether unprepared for the Boatswain's
shrill cry, which summoned all hands on
deck, two hours before the usual time.
Hushing up the ladder I found things
as above described, and with anything but
a pleasing prospect for a green hand at
sea. The ship had been stripped of her
top hamper, the top sail close reefed, but
the mainsail was still set. Yet, it seemed
evident, even to the eyes of a green hand,
that this was more than any ship could
carry with safety, in such a fearful storm.
My own opinion had already been formed,
by the officers of the deck, for the first
words that saluted our pars after making
our appearance was, "Clew up the main
sail." "Ease your helm." "Lay aloft
men." "I3e quick and furl." In double
quick time and with double force, this was
done. Once more the ship was brought to
her course, sharp on the wind, with the
decks at an angle of fourty-five degrees,
and the lee rails under the foaming surf.
We, particularly myself, had now time to
inquire what was the matter ; and was in
formed,not very much to my gratification,
that the Cape of Trafalgar was, or had been
in sight, and could not be far to leeward ;
and further that if the gale did not soon
abate we might expect to find ourselves
landed high and dry on its rocky point,
or find our next sleeping place in Davy
Although this information was not calcu
lated to allay any dread I might have felt,
I had little time to consider the reality of
the peril, in which we were now placed.
At all events on shipboard, it is generally
considered that the officers do the think
ing, while the subordinates, have but to
obey. Finding myself among the latter,
I was soon aroused from any meditations
I might have been desirous of indulging
in, by renewed orders of "Lay aloft,"
"Clew up," Reef, furl, &c.," until at length,
we found our ship bearing hard against
the wind, with only sufficient canvass set
to keep her in the position sailors call,
It was soon evident to all, that this
state of things could not last. Observa
tions having been made of our leeway, it
was found we were drifting very rapidly ,and
without the least sensible lull of the storm,
orders were given to make sail.
Now came the "tug of war," our ship
against the elements. Stay sails set fore
and aftj brought us round with our other
bow to the wind. The fore sail was now
loosed, but the tack was scarcely boarded,
and the sheet hauled aft, when awa' it
went to the leeward, torn into ribbons.
Fore stay sail again set, and ship tacked
jib finally set and held.
Our ship was made to encounter all the
storms and mishaps of an East India voy
age. "May she live to float a thousand
years." But in all that time, I question
whether her timbers will ever be more
severely tried than they were on her first
trip from Boston to the Mediterranean.
It is unnecessary to describe all the
maneuvers of a well managed ship, by
which she was enabled either to overcome
or escape the dangers of that long to be
remembered day, as well as the ensueing
twentieth. Suffice it to say, that in those
two dajrs we fought a harder battle with
the elements, for the preservation of our
lives, than did Lord Nelson forty years be
fore for the naval supremacy of England,
over the combined fleets of France and
Spain. Like him, too, we eame off victo
rious, though not perhaps with equal hou
or; for it required two full days to get
our ship into anything like sailing order.
The weather favored us so far, that by
the evening of the next day, we were in
full view of the headlands of Centa. The
city of Sangar lay to our right, and the
bold promontory of Gabal-tarich to our
Having to encounter both wind and
water on our entrance to the strait, we
were frequently compelled to cross the
channel, so far as to be able to distinguish
objects on the African coast. And though
within a distance of the Moorish coast, to
which no christian vessel would have
dared to venture two hundred years ago,
we now looked with contempt on Centa's
frowning fortress, nor dreaded our near
approach to the far-famed Castle of El
In defiance of both wind and tide, we
held our way up the strait, meeting and
passing vessels of every description, from
a Dutch Galliott to a Baltimore Clipper.
After several nights of wearing and tack
ing, we brought to, about noon of the
twenty-eighth of August, in front of the
great Rock of Gibraltar the terror of the
Orientals, once the bulwark of Spain, and
now the key to the Mediterranean.
While laying off the entrance to the
harbor, waiting for the Captain of the port
to send his emissaries on board, we had a
capital opportunity of observing the stu
pendous works, in which Nature and Art
had combined their ingenuity to make it
impregnable to all the assaults of civilized
warfare. It is a bold promontory, and ri
ses to the heighth of six hundred feet
from the water's edge. In front, it faces
the Castle of Centa, while on the opposite
coast, to the west, a battery of three hun
dred guns forbid any approach to the nook
or eddy, in which a vessel can obtain ancho
rage ; but even there there is no landing.
On the cast side, which overlooks the har
bor of the city, and where is the only safe
anchorage, it was impossible forme to
enumerate the number of guns that could
be brouilit to bear upon our ship, as she
lay at anchor, within a cable's length of
the 1 alcrmo hart, in (.tibraltar bay. .
After lying here for nearly two hours,
with our signal flying, we were boarded
by the Captain of the port, a pompous
little Englishman, and the Health officer,
a gentleman of the old-fashioned school.
The former examined our papers, to sec if
we were what we reported ourselves to be,
while the latter felt our pulses and looked
at our tongues, to know whether the phys
ical man was in a proper state of preserva
tion. Both having reported favorably, we
were permitted to pass to an anchorage
within the inner harbor, where we let
down our ground tackle and brought to,
alongside of a Turkish brigantine, man
ned by Malays, and just arrived from
Here again we were boarded by a host
of Custom House officers, who, with due
formality, proceeded to fasten down our
hatches, and seal them, to prevent us from
supplying any of their dirty-looking coun
trymen (who now almost swarmed around
us,) with tobacco, or any other of the
necessaries of life, without first paying
them for the privilege. Leaving two ot
their number on board, the remainder pro
ceeded to another ship that had just ar
rived, to serve them in the same manner.
After undergoing all the necessary for
mula consequent on a foreign vessel visit
ing the port, communications were opened
with the shore, and our captain, with a
chosen boat's crew, made the first landing.
Not being included in the crew, I had to
remain on board, where, however, in com
pany with the others who were left, I
found sufficient amusement in criticizing
the different foreign ships that lay around
us j in contemplating the city at a dis
tance; and in trying to talk Spanish to
the pretty black-eyed girls who in small
boats surrounded our ship, offering vege
tables, milk, &.c, to all who wished to
purchase. A brisk trade was soon opened
between our half-famished sailors, whose
sole diet for months had been "salt junk"
and "sea biscuit," and these fair venders
of vegetables and milk. As long as no
prohibited articles were offered, there was
no difficulty in purchasing from the maid
ens, in their bumboats ; for no article is
permitted to leave their shores free, vege
tables and milk only excepted. But I was
not a little amused to see with what fa
cility a nation may be defrauded of its le
gitimate revenue, by watching and partic
ipating in the trade now carried on with
the Spanish natives of the British domin
ion. It required but a wink or a peculiar
sign for one of the initiated to get a bottle
of the best Santa Cruz in mistake for abottlc
of milk. And,although the officers onboard
suspecting from the effects of the milk,
that all was not right, might purchase a
dozen with the same brand, would find
nothing but the pure lac pabulum. This
kind of amusement kept us employed the
most of the afternoon. But some of the
sailors, by drinking too much milk, had
become quite noisy, and all endeavors to
suppress it seemed only to make matters
worse. Finally, one of our worthies, cal
led, from the extent of his growth, "Long
Bill," went so far as to present one of the
officers on board with a black eye, because
in the exercise of his duty, lie had en
deavored to prevent the aforesaid "Bill"
from handing over his chest, clothes, bag,
and other traps, to a native woman for and
in consideration of two bottles of milk,
which were publicly exposed. The diffi
culty was, however, summarily settled by
the appearance of our commanding officer.
All arangements having been made, the
next morning we hauled in, near to the
pier head, and prepared to discharge our
cargo ; having warped sufficiently near to
meet the lighters. Part of our duties be
ing dispensed with for the day, I gladly
hailed the privilege of going on shore,
with a leave of absence for twenty hours.
Throwing aside my sea rig, I substitu
ted instead a blue cloth jacket, with pants
of the same material, and a shirt with wide
spreading collar, on which was emblazoned
in characters of living light the stars of
my country and the anchor ot the "Mary
of Salem." I" jumped into the boat, and
soon was at the piep-head, where I landed,
and was for the first time in the land of
chivalry. I had, however, scarcely time
to congratulate myself on being once more
on trra Jtrmn, than I began to think I had
fallen among thieves. I had no time to
stretch my legs, and even less to look
about me, before I was seized and thor
oughly searched by a villainous set of
reprobates, denominated Custom House
officers, looking as though they might have
received their training from the Brigands
of the Alps, or the robbers that secrete
themselves in the mountain gorges of the
I'yranees. After satisfying themselves
that I had nothing they could legally con
demn, or conscientious; steal, they per
mitted me to pass, which I did, with an
anathema on Custom House officers in gen
eral, and those of Gibraltar in particular.
Thus began my first visit to Europe: of
which more anon.
IlabitM of lluslness.
When we have chttscn our business
wisely when we have become initiated in
its mysteries, and our apprenticeship is
drawing to a closer the-great question that
will frequently occur in our after life,
what shall we do? stares us in the face a
second time. Shall we attempt busiuess
on our own account, or work a while for
another already established; and how shall
we be able to obtain the best situation ?
We solicit advice from our friends, and
they tell us that the world will ask you
two questions, which you had better ask
yourself beforehand. Arc you master of
your business ? and have you habits oj bus
iness ? The former is presumed ; but what
is meant by habits of business 'i Habits
of business include six qualities indus
try, arrangement, calndation, p,-ulence,
punctuality, and perseverance. Are you in
dustrious ? Arc you methodical ' Are
calculating? Are you prudent? Are
you punctual ? Are you persevering ? If
so, you possess what is known by the fa
miliar term Habits of Business. It is
not the possession of any one of these
qualities in perfection, nor the occasional
exercise of them by fits or starts, as it is
called, that will constitute a man of busi
ness, but it is the possession of them all
in an equal degree, and their continous
exercise as habits, that give reputation
and constitute ability. The difference in
men and their success may be attributed,
in some measure, to a difference in their
business habits, and many a man has made
his fortune with no other capital than their
superior cultivation In fact, a large cap
ital and excellent opportunities, without
them, will only provoke greater disaster,
and a more widespread ruin. Perfection
in most things is unattainable ; yet men
have attained to a greater degree of per
fection in the cultivation of these quali
ties than in almost anything else ; at all
events, it is certain that he who "airueth
at the sun, though he may not hit his
mark, will shoot higher than he that aim
eth at a bush."
Industry is the energetic engagement of
body or mind in some useful employment.
It is the opposite of the Indian's maxim,
which says, "It is better to walk than to
ruu, and better to stand still than to walk,
and better to sit than to stand, and better
to lie down than to sit." Industry is the
secret of those grand results that fill the
mind with wonder the folios of the an
cients, the pyramids of the Egyptians,
those stupendous works of internal com
munication in our own country, that bind
the citizens of many different States in the
bonds of harmony and interest "There
is no art or science," says Clarendon,
"that is too difficult for industry to attain
to ; it is the gift of tongues, and makes a
man understood and valuod in all coun
tries and by all nations ; it is the philoso
pher's stone, that turns all metals and
even stones into gold, and suffers no want
to break into dwellings; it is the North
west passage, that brings the merchant's
ships as soon to him as he can desire; in
a word, it conquers all enemies, and makes
fortune itself pay contributions." The
tendency of matter is to rest, and it re
quires an exercise of force or of will to
overcome the vis inertia:. When a thing
should be done, it must be done immedi
ately, without parleying or delay. A re
peated exercise of the will, in this way,
will soon form the habit of industry.
Arrangement digests the matter that in
dustry collects. It apportions time to du
ties, and keeps an exact register of its
transactions ; it has a post for every one,
a place for every tool, a pigeon-hole for
every paper, and a time for every settle
ment. A perfectly methodical man leaves
his books, accounts, &c, in so complete a
shape on going to bed, that, if he were to
die during the night, every thing could be
perfectly understood. Jeremiah Evarts is
represented to have been a model of in
dustry and arrangement. A friend sa-s :
"During j-cars of close observation in the
bosom of his family, I never saw a day
pass without his accomplishing more than
ne expected; and so regular was he in all
his habits, that I knew to a moment when
I should find him with his pen, and when
with his tooth-brush in his hand ; and so
methodical and thorough that though his
papers filled many shelves when closely
tied up, there was not a paper among all
his letters, correspondence, editorial mat
ter, and the like, which he could not lay
his hands on in a moment. I never knew
him search for a paper ; it was always in
its place." Some manifest this habit at
an earlier age than others, and apparently
exercise it with less difficulty; but any
one with attention may acquire it.
Bi, The death of the body no more in
terrupts the life of the soul, than the
breaking of a crystal glass destroys the
?unbcam that shined so brightly in it.
A Cure lor bUtuuieut.
"Oh, mother !" said little Clara, "I get
so tired eating just bread and butter and
potatoes for my supper, and drinking only
cold- water out of this tin cup ! You do
not know how beautiful Mr. Carrington's
table looked to nijrht when I went home
with the work. They were just taking
dinner, and asked me into the dining-room
to get my money. Everything was so
bright and sparkling. The tea thing
were silver and the plates china; and
little Ellen, who is no bigger than I am,
had a cup of coffee and a little silver cup
for water, too. There was such nice
things on the table fresh fish and chick
en, and every thing so good! Don't you
wish we were rich people, too. Mother V
'My little girl must be careful to keep
'Giant Discontent' out of her heart if she
would be happy. We must be contented
to live in the sphere in which God has
placed us, for lie knows a great deal
better than we do what is best for us.
If you had been with nie this morninc-,
Clara, and had seen what I did, you would
feel more thankful for jour good, whole'
some supper of fresh bread and butter,
and mashed potatoes."
"Where did you go, mother? Down
to see poor Margaret again?"
"Yes, iny dear, and found her worse
than ever. She cannot go out washing
any more, and her two little children
were almost starving. All they had to
eat j-esterday were some turnip parings
Johnny gathered from the Strcat"
"Oh, mother, how dreadful !" said little
Clara, her eyes filling with tears. "I wish
I could take my supper to them."
"They are well provided for now. A
kind gentleman, for whom I have been
sewing, has sent them provissions ehough
to last them several weeks. You should
have seen how the poor woman's eye
lighted up with joy at the gift, and how
eagerly she supped the bowl of warm gruel
I made for her.
"When we are tempted to fret, Clara,
and envy those who are better off than
we, it will be a great help to remember
how many are in a great deal worse con
dition. You have read the sweet little
story about the 'Sheperd of Salisbury
Plain.' You know his little daughter felt
'so sorry for those poor people who had
no salt to eat on their potatoes, while
they had 'a dish quite full of it.' "
"Cultivate the same spirit, my little
girl, and it will make even a dry crust
taste sweeter than many a rieb. man's
dainties." S. S. Banner.
IS A sharp student was called Hp by
the worthy Professor of a celebrated col
lege, and asked the question,
" Can a man see without eyes ?"
" Yes, sir," was the answer.
" How, sir," cried the amazed Profes
sor, " can a man see without eyes ? Pray,
sir, how do you make that out '("
" He can sec with one, sir," replied the
ready-witted youth , and the whole class
shouted with delight at his triumph over
Jfgy If a man laugh at you, treat him
with profound contempt ; if he offer you
his sympathy' regard him as a huckster,
who is trying to palm an inferior article
upon you, for the sake of receiving a
large profit in the gratitude he expects in
return ; if he praise you to your face,
accept the praise as ' an atonement for
the tongue-lashing he intends to give YOU
behind your back.
J oe, why were you out so late last
"It wasn't so very late only a quarter
"How dare you sit there and tell me
that lie ? I was awake when you came in
and I looked at my watch it was three
"Well, isn't three a quarter of twelve?"
5Sy The best defiinition we ever heard
of "bearing false witness against your
neighbor," was given by a little girl in
school. She said it was when nobody did
nothing, and somebody went and told
JJSy There are few men who, were they
certain of death on their seventeenth
birthday, would think of preparation. To
morrow may the gate of eternity, and they
go on in their folly.
JfeaF-" What aro you looking after my
dear ?" said a very affectionate mother to
her daughter. The daughtnr looked a
round and thus replied : "Looking after
a son-in-law for father."
Life is short, a nd they mistake its
aim and loose its best enjoyments who
depend for true happiness on the "out
ward things and not on the state of the