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1?. T J. Mitchell, Pastor.
EBENSBURG, PA., -THURSDAY, BJECEMBER-17, 1863.
A DARltlG SOUTHERN LOYALIST. ,
The "Annals of the Army cf the Cum
berland," is a valuable and interesting
work. The most interesting and novel
parts of it are doubtless the chapters
relating to the spy and police f-yatems of
the army. Perhap3 the most remarkable
story in this volume is the following, of a
-daring Southern loyalist, whose operations
appear at once to have been important :
TEE NAMELESS SPT. . :
This man, says the author, went into
and came out from liragg's army at Mur
frcesboro', three times, during the week
of battles at Stone river -even dined at
the table of liragg and of his other . Gen
erals brought us correct information of
the force and position of the rebel army,
and of the boast of its head officers, lie
was the first ty assure' us positively that
Bragi would fight at Stone lliverr telling
us of that General's beast that ."he. would
whip Kosecvuns back to Nashville if it
dost him ten thousand men." For the
four days' service thus tendered by our
spy he S paid five thousand dollars by
crdcrofour general, and the author saw
the money paid over to him. -
Tu there lived in the State cf -
a Union man, with wife' and children.
fie was a friend of the Union and an anti
slavery man upon principle. After the
rebellion broke out and the 'southern
heart" had become fired, this man, living
in a violent pro siavery region, and sur
rounded by opulent slaveholders, his own
family connections and those of his wife
being rich aud bitter secessionists, very
prudently held his peace, feeling his utter
inability to stem the tide of secession in
his section. Thus, without tacit admis
sions, or nny direct actions on his part,
the gentleman of whom we write was
classed by the people of his section as a
Circumstances occurred during that
year by which thh person wa3 brought
into contact with a federal commander iu
Kentucky, Gen. Nelson. Their meeting
acd acquaintance was accidental. Mutual
Union sentiments begat personal sympathy
and friendship. Nelson wished a certain
service performed in the rebel territory,
and he persuaded the citizen to undertake
it, which the latter filially did as a matter
of duty we arc assured rather than of gain,
for he made no charge for the service,
after its speedy and successful performance.
Soon after, a similar wprk was accessary;
and again was the citizen importuned, and
he again consented, but not considering
himself as a professional spy.
During this or a similar trip to Chatta
nooga, our man heard of the sudden death
of Gen. Nelson. He was now at a loss
what to do. Finally he determined to
return and report his business to Gen.
Itosecrans, who had assumed command of
the federal army. Thus resolved, he
proceeded to fulfill his mission: After
ascertaining me position or military uuairs
at Chattanooga, he came to Murfreesboro',
where Bragg's army was then collecting.
Staying there several days, he was urged
by his southern army f riends to act as
X their ppy in Kentucky. The better to
i conceal his own feelings and position, he
' cocscnted to do so, and he left Gen.
Brasg's head-quarters to go to that State
via Nashville, leigning important business,
and from thence to go" to his home, pas
sing by and through Iloscerans' army, as
it lay stretched out between Nashville and
GENERAL EHAGO TAKES I.
The nameless man now makes his way
to the federal headquarters, seeks a private
interview with Gen. Uosecrans, and states
his case fully as we have just related.
Hera was something remarkable, surely 7
a spy in the confidence of the commanders
of two great opposing armies ! Our gen
eral took pains to satisfy himself 'of -'the
honesty and soundness of the stranger.
He was pleased with the man's candid
manner, and his story bore an air of con
sistency and truth. Yet lie, was a South
erner, surrounded by rebellious influences,
ar.-d enjoyed Bragg's confidence ; and what
guaranty could be given that he wa3 a
Union man -at heart? None; and our
general, in great perplexity, held council
with his chief of police", and requested the
latter to "dig up" the case to its' very
root. Thi3 was done, but in what matter
wc need not especially . state. Satisfied
that it would do to trust the fpy to a
certain extent at least, he was now sent
on his way to perform his mission for
Bragg." ;iAt all events, that Scheming
general so supposed when our man s report
was made at the rebel headquarters a few
days afterwards. H13 information' was
verv acceptable to Bragg : but wc strongly
question its value to rebeldoin, as the spy
VeDorted onlv what was told by that old
fox, Colonel Truesdall.
Perhaps the reader will here inquire
How can wc answer for the report thus
made to Bragg ? . It may havebecu more
true and" valuable .than .we supposed.
Well, there is force in the query. How
ever, we were then quite confident of the
worthlessness of the report of our spy to
Bragg, because he had nothing else to
tell. Fcr five day3 did. our spy keep
himself locked in a private room in the
police building at Nashville. His meals
were carried to him a trusty servant.
His door was "shadowed" constantly by
our best detectives, and so were his steps
if he ventured upon the street'for a few
moments after dark. - It was cold and
bleak winter weather, and lie toasted
himseif-before his comfortable fire, read
books and paper.-?, and conferred often with
the Chief of :lliee and his assistant,
affording them, strangers as they were to
that region of country, u fund of valuable
information respecting the rebels of Ken
tucky and Tennessee.;; Lie wa.3.a man of
fine address and good intellectual attain
ments. When our maneonelnded it was
about time for his return to Bragg's
army, he was politely escorted by our
mounted police to a proper poiut beyond
cur lines, and by a route where .he 'would
see nothing of our forces. - The reader
will. now appreciate the grounds of our
confidence, we doubt not, in the woi th
lessueps of , at least one of Gen.- Braxton
Bragg's 'spy "reports.
- In due time this namelws gentleman
again enters our Hue, and is escorted in
by or.r pickets to the general commanding,
to whom ho reports in.,, person concerning
all that is transpiring4 ia - Bragg's army
at Murfreehboro', and 'then he resumes
his pleasant private quarters at the army .
police, building. After a brief" -stay,
another trip was made by our . man to
Bragg's headquarters, we using. the same
precautions as previously. In fact, our
spy desired and even demanded, such
attentions at the hands of the Chief of
Police. Said he : "I am a stranger to you
all. I can :ive you no guaranty whatever
of my good faith. It is alike due to you
and myself that I be allowed no opportu
nities for deceiving you."
The report he carried to Bragg on his
second trip delighted the latter. His offi
cers talked with our man freely, and after
staying at Muifreesboro' two or three days,
and riding and walking all about in the
most innocent and unconcerned manner,
he was again sent back to Nashville to
"fool that slow Dutchman, Iiosecrans," as
one of the rebel officers remarked. Of the
importance of the report now brought to
the "slow Dutchman," we need not state
further than it contributed its true weight
to a decision fraught with trenendous
consequences to the army and to the
countr'. Marching orders were soon after
issued for the advance of the Cumberland
TOILS AXD DANGERS.
Now commenced a period of excessive
labor and peril for the nameless spy.
Generals Rosccrans and Bragg each want
ed instant information as the armies
approached. The minutiro of this man's
work for four or five days we need net
stop to relate ; it 13 'easily imagined.
Within that time 7te entered the rebel lines
and returned three times. He gave the
outline of Bragg's line of battle, a close
estimate of his force, an accurate account
of his artillery and his earthworks, the
movements of the rebel wagon and railroad
trains, &c, &c. He'was very earnest iu
assuring Iiosecrans that Bragg intended
to erive severe battle with superior num
bers. The information proved tr'us in all cssen
tints, and its value to the country was in
estimable. Wc had other spies piercing
the rebel lines at this time, but they did
not enjoy the facilities possessed by the
nameless one. Almost with anguish did
he exclaim against himself, in the presence
of the author, for the severe manner in
which he was deceiving the rebel general
and involving the lives of. his thousands
of brave but deluded followers.
' After the firstgrcat battle the work of
such a spy is ended, or rather it' ceases
when the shock of arms comes, on.
Thenceforth the armies arc. movea upon
the instant, as circumstances may. require.
Our man, who during the four days had
been almost incessantly in the saddle, or
with ears and eyes painfully observant
while in the camps, took leave of our army
upon the battle field, and retired to a place
of rest. .; ; - :
, One incident occurred during his last
'viait to Bragg which is -worthy of men
tion. That general took, alarm in conse
quence of his report, and at once started
a special messenger tD Gen. John II.
Morgan who was then absent with his
cavalry in Kentucky to destroy Uoscc'rans
railrca'd communications (in which Morgan
succeded) to return instantly with his
command by forced marches-to Murfrces
boro'. That same night our messenger
told what route he would take &c. The
information was telegraphed .at once to
Nashville, Gallatin and,Bowling Green,
and a force was sent from each of these
posts to intercept the messenger. They
failed to apprehend him, whieh, how
ever, proved of no consequence, as the
battles of S,tone Biver , were fought and
Bragg was on his retreat from Murfrces
boro' by th& time Morgan could have
received the orders. .
Our spy was a brave man ; yet during
the last three days of his service he was
most sensible of its perij. To pa?s between
hostile lines in the lone hours of the night
for he did not wait for daylight to be
halted by guerillas and scoilts and pickets
with guns aimed at him, ar,d, finally, to
meet and satisfy the anxious, keen-eyed,
hcurt-searchiug rebel oiHcer, as well as
our own .was a mental a3 well as physical
deuiaud that could not long be sustained.
While proceeding upon his last expedition,
the author met tho nameless one upon a
by-road.. We halted carthorses, drew near,
and conversed a few seconds in private,
while our attendants and companion.
moved on. lie was greatly exhausted
and soiled iti appearance, his clothing
having been rained upon aud splashed by
iriuddy water, caused by hard riding, .and
which had 4ried upon him. He said he
was nboutrto try it once more, and, though
he had been f.o often and so successful,
yet he feared detection and its result
tho bulle-or the halter.- Ho had been
unable, amid the hurry and excitement, to
make scrae final disposition of his afiairs.
lie gave us a List message to send to hif
wife aud children iu case it became ncc-
nnJ he also desirea a promise
that wo would attend to the
settk-ment of his account with our general
lor . services recently rendered, laus
eoaeluding, he wrung our hand most
earnestly, and, putting spursto his fresh
and spirited animal, dashed oil upon his
mission. Twenty hours aftertvards we
were relieved of -our anxious forebodings
by his safe and successful return. We
have stated the price paid him fjr his
labors ; it was well earned and to our
cause was a most profitable investment.
Such a man may b? nameless now, but
when the war is over, and when its history
is written, his courage and self-sacrifice
will not be forgotten.
The enormous number of drafted men
who escaped military duty by reason of
physical infirmity has produced a ediange
in the regulations of the Provost Marshal
General A new list of rause3 of exemp
tion is published, wherein the catalogue
of available maladies is considerably re
duced. -Near-sighted men, who flattered
themselves that their deficient eyesight
formed a perpetual bar against tho impo
sition of military obligations, are suddenly
and hopelessly bereft of the consolation
derived from the infliction of "myopia,"
for, under the new rule, myopic individ
uals who are really too near-sighted for
efScicnt field, service are transferred to
the Invalid Corps. "Near-sightedness
does not exempt," is the stem decree of
the Marshal j hence, spectacles will not
be so popular hereafter. Fat men, how
ever, who are a proverbially jolly people,
have new cause for good humor, for it is
ordained that 4ubd jiueus grossly protu
berant" or "excessive obesity" are suffi
cient for exemption from any draft.
Imbeciles, insane, epileptic aud paraly
tic persons arc of course exempt, but the
list of maladies through the possession of
which a drafted man may evade military
duty is so closely "restricted aud defined
that the next draft will produce a larger
proportion of serviceable soldiers than the
last.. Examining surgeons are also requi
red to report the number cf men rejected
under each of the forty-one sections of
the rtew set of regulations, from which it
is to be inferred that a very curious ofiicial
record of the, comparative soundness of
American constitutions, may hereafter see
the light. r ', . '
The January Draft. The following
instructions have beeu issued frem the
f. War Department for. the information of
Provost Marshals :' : ; 7 -
"1st. That. quotas be apportioned to the
sub-districts in the several, congressional
"districts, and .that; assurance be given . to
such sub-districts as may f urui&h their full
quota of volunteers, under the recent call,
that-they, will be- exempted from the
2d. That the several sub-districts re
ceive credit for all such volunteers, as may
have been muatercd into service since the
draft, and that the number so credited be
deducted from their proportion of the
quota assigned the State under the recent
call." i :, -.--.'.
It will be seen by this that every en
couragement is given the sub-districts to
rush in the. volunteers;
Uaili oatl Collision "Tearful
We were a witness of a railroad collis
ion on our way to Ebensburg Tuesday
morning which, although it resulted in
but slight damage to person or property,
involved tho most fearful peril we ever
saw. At Lilly's station, (Cambria co.,)
Iheru'ail train east was stopped by a freight
train on the track ahead of it, awaiting
the' passage west of -the. Philadelphia
dilxpreas, which, was then due, but reported
behind time. -The Conductor of the east
ward train, not knowing how 1'j.m he
would have to wait, and not being satisfied
to detain his train, being already some
minutes, behind time, concluded to bhift
the trains. and proceed. Accordingly, he
moved his train from the South to the
North track at the switch, intending to
let the freight train back down below the
switch and thus allow him to back again
on to the South track, ahead of the
freight and proceed. Ho had got
his train on the North track, and the
freight was about half over the switch,
when the Express appeared at the carve
above coining down under full headway !
The conductor instantly signaled his engi
neer to back down the North track. far
enough to ive the coining train'time and
space to check up. This the latter
attempted to do promptly, but before ho
could get his train in motion, the down
train was close upon hinj and a fearful
collision seemed imminent' if not inevitable.
The engineer "fireman and flagman on the
down train jumped from their engine, and
were seen tumbling along the ties on the
parallel track, seeing whieh, (he engineer
and fireman on the np train leaped from their
engine, which by this time was getting un
der headway, under a full head of s:c?m.
Tho engines came together with a slight
concussion the cow-catcher on the down
engiue running under that of the other, by
which it vas pressed down among the ties,
several of which it broke and splintered,
while it was in turn torn and twisted into
a crooked, shapeless bunch of iron. This
assisted in checking the speed of the down
train, while it added to the momentum of
the other. The down train did not run
over a hundred yards alter the collision
until it stopped, while the other sped away
from the scene with increasing- velocity.
And now came to those who had wit
nessed these incidents a knowledge of the
appalling peril of those still oa board the
retreating eastward train the great peril
of the occasion. Their train teas Lackiny
d'tion the frade, wider a full head of steam
without an engineer I and all on board un
conscious of the fact ! The thought of
their possible aud probable fate was terri
ble to those who stood around. In a
short time, however, tho whistle was
heard, and- in a few minutes more th
train hove in sight, all right. Aud for
this gratifying fact the passengers aud
their friends were indebted to the pres
ence of mind and courage of the Baggage
Master Mr. Edward Pitcairn let his
name be spoken with respect! Discover
ing what was the matter, he crawled up
the side of his cir to the top, upon whica
he ran, and over the Express car and the
tank, to the engiue, of which he had
knowledge enough . to reverse, apply the
patent brakes, and thus stop the train.
But for him, there is no telling w'lat
would liave been -the fate ox the train and
its three car-loads of passengers lie
deserves promotion, and we hope soon to
meet him in charge of a train, or hear of
him in some other mere responsible and
The excitement ovtr, attention was
turned to the condition of the men who
were seen to jump from the approaching
train. Although; the engineer, fireman,
aud wc believe flagman, and an employee
on the sleeping car, who had beau foolish
enough to jump off. Were found to be
pretty severely bruised, cut and jarred,
none of them had any bones broken, and
were not fatally liart. The only damage
done to the cngiuea was the complete
demolition of the cow-catcher on the one
and the slight twisting of the other.
After coMccting the scattered passeugers,
both trains proceeded,, ail feeling that
they had narrowly escaped through a
fearful peril, and were irlad the matter
was no worse.
-Johnstown Tribune, 1 Ith
A negro cook in one of the regi
ments ou Morris Island, lately conceived
the idea of making sinkers for fish lines
out; of tho lead around Parrot shot. To
this end he placed a shell in a stove and
sat down, ladle in hand, to catch the mol
ten lead as it fell. Just about the time
the lead should have fused, tho stove
separated into very minute fragments,
aud the last seen of the tmeltcr was a
series ot involuntary gymnastics, credita
ble to his agility, but unpleasant for their
"Till He Come."'
"Till He come" O ! let thn word
Linger on the trembling chords f
Let the little while between -In
their golden light be seen ;
Let us ihiak how Heaveu anu Loma "
Lie beychd that "Till Ho come."
When the weary ones we lore
Eater on their rest above.
Seems the earth so poor and vast
All our joy be overcast?
Hush, be every murmur dumb ;
It is only "Till He come."
Clouds ami conflicts round us press -Would
wc have one sorrow less ? '
All the sharpness of the cross, .
All that tell the world is loss,
DeatB, and darkness, and the tomb", '
Only whisper "Till He comi," i
See, the feast of love is spread, -Drink
th& wine, and breuk the bread;
Swf-et memorials till the Lord
Call us round His Heavenly board r
Some from earth, from glory some, '
Severed only "Tiil he come."
Crowning of the Iomo
At twelve o'clock, noon; on the 2d iiist.,
the "Statue of Freedom," the crowning
feature "of the dome of the capitol, wa
raised to its place, in the. piescnce of a
largo gathering of people. This statue is
nineteen feet six inches high, aud weighs
nearly fifteen thousand pounls. It ia
composed. entirely of bronze, and is con
structed in five sections, the weight of the
heaviest of which is 4,7-10 pounds. Tho
stutue has been washed with ao acid which
causes a sli-ht oxidation, thus producing
a rich and uniform bronze tint, which
will never ohauge.
The "Statue of Freedom" was modelled
in plaster by Crawford, the lamented em
inent sculptor, for which niodel the price
of threj thousand dollars was paid, and
was cast at the foundry of Clark Mills,
esq., at Bladensburg. Tha entire cost df
this great work of art is from twenty-fivo
to thirty thousand dollars! The height
cf the iroa w'ork above the basement floor
cf the capitol, including the crowQio'
statue, is 257 feet. ' 0
A word or two in reference to the dome
of the capitol may not be ucirilerestibg to
oar readers. The old dome was built cf
wood. The outer and inner shells were
not concentric, acd while the inner was,
in proportions, a copy of that cf the Pan
theon of Agrippa, at Rome, though much
inferior in size, the outer dome was high
er in proportion than that of the Pantheon.
Its inflammable nature, aud its narrow
escape at the time the library was buirrlt,
iu 1831, called the attention of Congress
to it, and it was fiually resolved to replaco
it by a dome of iron, entirely fire-pioof.
The new dome in its proportions resem
bles the modern rather than the antlquo
structures of this character. Instead cf
the low and flat outlines of tne Pantheori
of Home, and the St. Sophia of Constant
nople, the design is a slight structure j
decorated with columns aud pilasters, rich
cornices and entablatures springing hp
towards the sky, and supporting, at tho
height of nearly three hundred feetabovo
the ground of the eastern square, and
three hundred an J seventy-two feet above
tho western crate, the coloss:1.! itatua bf
) which wc have spoken.
I rt . . - - : -
ilia interior diameter of the dome ia
ninety-six feet. The galleries afford a fine
view of the interior and of the exterior,
the views stretching many miles down tho
Potomac. The structure is double, and
between the exterior and tho interior
shells a spiral staircase will afford access
to the very summit.
The general outline cf this structure
resembles that of the dome of St. Peter's,
of Home ; St. Paul's, cf London ; and St.
Geucvieve and of the Invalided, of Paris ;
ar.d of the last great work of the kind
erected in modern times, that of the Rus
sian National Church, the Cathedral of,
St. Isaac's, at St. Petersburg, which is
alio partly built of iron. The exterior
diameter of the perisbytian circular fcolon
uade is 121 feet. 9 inches. The columns"
of the peristyle are 27 feet in height, and
weigh 12,000 pounds each. .
Coleridge, the poet and .philoso
an inn, called
out, "Waiter, do you dine hero collect
tively or individually ?" "Sir," replied '
the knight of the napkin, "we dine of
fix." . -. t
An English f writer says in hia ,
advice to young married women, that
their mother .Eve. married a gardener.
Some one wittily remarked that it might ;
be added that the gardener, in consequence
of tho match, lost his tiituatiou.
tgl, A manufacturing establishment in .
Winstcd, Coon, makes about four thousand
j pins per minute thiough twelve hours ot
rijThe man that provides not in sum
mer must want in winter.