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. WJ 1 It. ti S 1 1 tl k'S II SI If 1 1 Jl ftl II i llvl II i II i
TFTlM.J PER ANNUM.
I. A. BAUUER, Editor and Proprietor.
j.TOII HUTCHINSON, Publisher.
I WOULD RATHER BE RIGHT THAN PRESIDENT. Hexey Clat.
TOLtf Mfc 5.
r POST OFFICES.
JKAm ,, .
f oat Masters
A. G. Crook3,
John Thompson, Ebensburg
froensuu'5- - - viTm
.. m: i,t- Asa 11. r lsL.0
Fallen xtmwv., p. . t
r.,iliuin. J- M. Christy,
Wm Tiley, Jr.,
I. E. Chandler,
Andrew J Ferral, busq nan.
G W. Bowman, White.
Stan. Wharton, Clearfield.
George Berkey, . Richland.
B. M'Colgan, Washt'n.
B. F. Slick, Croyle.
William M'Connell Washt'n.
Morris Keil, S'merhill.
nr. MINISTERS, &c.
Kier mcetiS Thursday eTettl.nS'. " 7
IWdicTcTind inthe evening at 0 oIock
,lbbath ScbooUt Wc S Prayer
SSf anVobn SitfA. "ek in
. , vc(ntiBfr the nrat ween, in
Friday evening, excepunj,
A M P a!er meeting every Friday evening,
7Mo-clocK sTcietyDeveryyTnesday evening
Sabbath morning at 10 o'clock.
lplrticular Jiapiut.-Vin . David Jenkins
3 o'clock. 'Sabbath hool &t at I o cIocK. I
Services every Sabbath morning at 10 o clock
ad Vespers at 4 o'clock in the evening.
Eutern, daily, 11! ' ' a'm
Western, " at " 1 o'clock, A. M.
Eastern, daily, at o'clock P. M.
Western, " at 8 o'clock, P. M.
rS-The mails from Butler.Indiana.btrongs
town, Ac, arrive on Thursday of each week,
at 5 o'clock, V. M. ,
Leave Ebensburg on Friday of each week,
"ffThe mails from'Newman's Mills, Car
Tolltn,&c.f arrive on Monday Wednesday
tad Friday of each week, at 3 o clock, 1
Leave Ebensburg on Tuesdays, Thursdays
ai Saturdays, at 7 o'clock, A.M.
tr., t).i vr.n 1 p a v p s at 8.13
" Phila. Express "
' Mail Train 41
East Through Express "
" Fast Lino "
M Fast Mail "
Through Accom. "
Judges of the Courts President, Hon. Go.
Taylor, Huntingdon; Associates, George .
Easier, Henry C. Devine.
Prothonolary Joseph M'Donald.
Register and Recorder James Griffin.
Sheriff John Buckl
DUtrict Attorney. Philip S. Noon.
County Commissioners Peter-J. Little, Jno.
Campbell, Edward Glass.
Treasurer Isaac Wike.
Poor House Directors George M'CulloUgh,
George Delany, Irwin Rutledge.
Poor House Treasurer George C. K. Zahm.
Au-iitors William J. Williams, George C.
S. Zahm, Francis Tierney.
County Surveyor. Henry Scanlan.
Mercantile Appraiser Patrick Donahoe.
Sup't. of Common Schools J. F. Condon.
EBEXSBEUG BOB. OFFICERS.
Justices of the Tcace David n. Roberts,
Burgess A. A. Barker. -
School Directors Ael Lloyd, Phil S. Noon,
Joshua D. Parrish, Hugh Jones, E. J. Mills,
Ilavid J. Jones. '
Constable Thomas J. Davis.
Town Council 3. Alexander Moore, Daniel
0. Evans, Richard R. Tibbott,Evan E. Evans,
Jnxpectorn Alexander Jones. D. O. Evans.
Judge of Election Richard Jones, Jr. .
Assessor Thomas M. Jones.
Assistant Assessors David E. Evans, Wm.
Conttable -William Mills, Jr.
Town Council John Dougherty, George C.
Zahm, Isaac Crawford, Francis A. Shoe
er, James S. Todd.
inspectors G. W. Oatman, Roberts Lvans.
ofElection Michael Hasson.
Atttttor James Murray.
Assistant Asttss'jrs William Barnes, Dan-"iC.Zahm.
GROWLER'S INCOME TAX.
BY T. S. ARTHUE.
My neighbor Growler, an excitable man
by the way, was particularly excited over
his "Income Tax," or, as he called it, his
"War Tax." He had never liked this
war thought it unnecessary and wicked ;
the work of politicians." This fighting
of brother against brother was a terrible
thing in his eyes. If you asked him who
began this war 1 who struck at the nation's
life? if self defence were not a duty?
he would reply with vague generalities,
made up of partisan tricky sentence?,
which he had learned without comprehend
ing their just significance.
Growler came in upon me the other
-day flourishing a square piece of blue
writing paper, quite moved from his equa
nimity. . '
"There it is I J ust so mucii robbery :
Stand and deliver, is the word. Pistols
and bayonets ! Your money or your life 1"
I took the piece of paper from his hand
and read :
"Philadelphia, Sept. 18C3.
Rickabd Growler, Esq.,
"Dr. to John M. Riley,
"Collector of Internal Revenue for the Fourth
District of Pennsylvania. Ojfice, 427 Chestnut
"For Tax on Income, for the year
18(2, a3 per return made to the As
sessor of the District, . $43 21
"JOHN M. RILEY, Col."
"You're all right," I said smiling.
'I'd like to know what you mean by all
right !" ' Growler was just a little offeu d
ed at my way of treating this very serious
matter1 serious iiThis eyes, I mean. I've
been robbed of forty-three dollars and
twenty-one cents," ho continued. "Do
you say that it is all right ? A minion of
the Government has put his hand into my
pocket and taken just so much of my
property. Is that all right ?"
4The same thing may be set forth in
different language. 'M replied , '.'Lei. ?e.
state the case.
"Very well state it!" Growler,
damping himself into a chair, looked
a3 ill-humored as possible.
"Instead of being robbed," said I, "you
have been protected in your property and
person, and guaranteed all the high priv
ileges of citizenship, for the paltry suui of
forty-three dollars and twenty-one cent3
as your shard of the c6st of protection "
'Oh, that's only your way of putting
the case," retorted Growler, dropping a
little from his high tone of indignation.
"Let me be more particular in my way
of putting the case. Your income is from
the rent of property V
"What .would it have cost you to defend
that property from the army, of Gen. Lee,
recently ditven from our State by nation
al soldiers ?"
"Cost me!" Growler lo'oked at me in
a kind of maze, as though he thought me
half in jest.
. "Exactly!. What would it hav cost
you ? Lee, if unopposed, would certainly
have reached this city, and held it; and if
your property had been of use to him, or
any of hiV officers or his soldiers, it would
have been appropriated without as. much
, as savinar bv vour leave, sir ? Would
forty-three dollars and twenty-one cents
have covered the damage? Perhaps nok;
possibly, you might have lost one-haif to
two-thirds of all you are worth."
Growler was a trifle bewildered at this
way of putting the case. He looked puz
zled. " You have a store on South wharves ?"
"What has kept the Alabama or the
Florida from running up the Delaware
and burning the whole city front ? Do
you have forts and ships of war for the
protection of your property? If not, who
provides them ? They are provided, and
you are safe. What is your share of the
expense for a whole year? Just forty
three dollars and twenty-one cents ! It
sounds like a jest!"
Growler did not answer. So I kept
on. ' .
"Sut for our immense armies iu the
field, and navy on the water, this rebellion
would have succeeded. What theu ?
Have you ever pondered the future of
this country in tuch an event? Have
you thought of your own position ? of the
loss or caiu to yourself? How long do
you think we would be at peace with Eng
land or France, if the nation were dis
membered, arid a hostile Confederation
established on-our Southern border?
Would our war taxes be less than now ?
Would life and property be more secure ?
Have, not ycu an interest in our great
army and navy, as well as 1 and every
other member of the Union ? Docs pot
your safety as well vas mine lie in their
existence? Arc they not, at this very
timo; the conservators of everything wc
EBENSBTJRG, PA., THURSDAY, MAY
hold dear as men and citizens ? YY ho
equips and pays this army ? Who builds
and furnishes these ships ? Where does
the enormous . sums of money required
come from? It is the nation's work
the people aggregated into power and mu
nificence, and so irresistible in might
unconquerable. -Have you no heartswel
lings of pride in this magnificent exhibi
tion of will and strength ? No part in
the nation's glory ? No eager hand help
ing to stretch forth ?"
Growler was silent still.
"There wa? no power in you or me to
check the wave of destruction that was
launched by parricidal hands against U3.
If unresisted, by the nation, as an aggre
gate power, it would have swept desola
tion over the whole land. Traitors in
our midst, and traitors moving in arms
against us, would have united to destroy
our beautiful fabric of civil liberty. The
government which dealt with all good
citizens so kindly and geutly, that not one
in a thousand felt its touch beyond the
weight of a feather, would have been sub
verted j and who can tell under what iron
rule we might have fallen for a time, or
how many vears of bloody strife would
have elapsed before that civil liberty which-
insures lue greatest guou iu iuu icaicsi
number would have been again established?
But the wave of destruction was hurled
back upon the enemies who sought our
ruin; We yet dwell in safety. Your
property is secure. You still gather your
annual . income, protected in all your
rights and privileges by the national arm.
Aud what does the nation a3css to you al
your share in the co3t of this security ?
Half your property ? No not a farthing
of that property ! Only a small percen-
of the income from that property
forty-three dollars and ticeniy one
cents ! ! . Pardon me for saying it, friend
Growler, but Tarn more than half ashamed
of you." v
"And seeing the way you put the case,
L am. more than h
he aus wered frankly,
view, this is about
inent I ever made."
"You certainly got more for your money
than in any other lice of -expenditure.
Yesterday I had a letter from an old friend
living in the neighborhood of Carlisle.
The rebels took from him six fiue horses,
worth two hundred dollars a piece ; six
cows and oxen ; and over two hundred
bushels of grain. And not content with
plundering him, they burnt down a barn,
which cost hiui nearly two thousand dol
lars. lut for the army raised and equip
ped by the nation, in support of which
you and I arc taxed, so lightly, we might
have suffered as severely. How much do
you think it cost in money for the pro
tection we have enjoyed in this particular
"A million of dollars, perhaps."
"Nearer ten millions of dollars. From
the time our army left the Rappahannock,
until the battle ot. Gettysburg, its cost to
the government could scarcely have been
less than the sum I have mentioned. Of
this sum, your proportion cannot be over
three or four dollars ; and for that trifle,
your, property, may bo your life, wa3 held
"No more of that, if you please," said
Growler, showing some annoyance. "You
are running this thing into the ground.
I own up, square. I was quarrelling with
my best friend. I was striking at the
hand that gave me protection. If my war
tax next year should be a hundred dollars
instead of forty -three, 1 will pay it with
out a murmur."
"Don't say without a murmur, friend
"What then ?"
"Say gladly, as a means of safety."
"Put it as you will," he answered, fold
ing up Collector ltiley's receipt, which he
still held in his hand, and bowing himself
Not many days afterwards, I happened
to hear some one grumbling in my neigh
bor's presence about his income tax.-
Growler scarcely waited to hear him
through. My lesson was improved in his
hands. In significant phrase, he "pitched
into" the offender, and read him a. lessoii'
so much stronger than mine, that I.'els
myself thrown quite intu the shade. .v
"You have been assessed fifty-ciglit
dollars," he said, in his excited way, 'fifty
eight dollars ! One would think, from
the noise you make about it, that Jou
had been robbed of half you were worth;
Fiftyeight dollars for the security at
home and protection abroad ! - Fifty-eight
dollars as your share in the cost of defence
against an enemy that, if unopposed, will
desolate our homes and destroy our gov
ernment ? Already it has cost the nation,
for your safety and mine over a thousand
millions of dollars ; and you aro angry be
cause it asks for your little part of the
in. A. iU ..
expense. Sir, vou are nut wormy iuc
name of an American citizen
If ashamed of laysvt, "tforofimportanj events o iucastnreei ,:Bicreu iuurvico ui your country, wai
"That's hard talk, Growler, and I won't
bear it !" said the other.
"It's true talk, and you'll have to bear
it !" was retorted. "Fretting over the
mean little sum of fifty-eight dollars !
Why sir, I know a man who has given his
right arm in the cause"; and another who
has given his right leg. Do they grum
ble ? No, sir! I never heard a word of
complaint from their lips. Thousands and
tecs of thousands have given their lives,
that you and I might dwell in safety. 1
know mothers who have given their sons,
and wife3 who have given thnr husbands
sons and husbands who will never more
return! They are with the dead. Sir,
you are dishonoring. yourself in the eyes
of all men. A grumbler over this war
I turned off, saying, in my thought,
"So much good done ! My reclaimed
a preacher of right-
IIead-Qks. 11th Regt. Pa. Reserves,
April 2G, 1SG4.
Correspondence of The Alleghanian.
I send you the proceedings of a sword
presentation- occurring in this regiment
tm the -5th inst. The recipient of the
gif t was our beloved Colonel, and the
donors the members of the regiment. It
was a beautiful evening, warm and pleas
ant, and just as the sun was sinking behind
the western hills, the regiment W3S assem-
bled 1n a hcliour square, the sword, with
sash, belt and spurs, placed on a table in
the centre. The presentation speech wa3
'delivered by one of our bravest Captains,
Aym. H. limbhn, and was as follows :
'CZ. Jackson It is enjoined on me to
"present to vou, in behalf of the officers
and men of your regiment, the. tokens they
1 havo procured to indicate their e3tcem for
.you as a commander. 1 ou will Dear witn
me while I briefly review some of the
the privilege of choosing our ofHcers, you
were chosen to nil the position ot Major
Although a stranger to a majority of the
men, they were yet willing to trust you as
one of our field ofHcers. Afterward, when
a vacancy occurred in the Lt.-Culunelcy,
and we still had the privilege of electing
our officers, by unacimous consent of the
men you were chosen to fill the vacancy.
This proved that you had lost none of the
confidence of the men, but, on the con
trary, that their regard for you was deep
seated and abiding as ever. Again, when
by reason of a wound .received at South
Mountain our 'gallant Col. Gallagher was
compelled to quit the service, and it be
came your right to attain to the Colonelcv,
although we did not then enjoy the priv-
nege or voting lor you, not a aisscutin
voiee was heard in the regiment.
"When it was prorjosed to purchase
these tokens, the alacrity with which the
means were raisea provea again mat you
had completely won the hearts of the men
by your generous and manly bearing
toward them on all occasions. In our
weary marchings, nghtings, and pnva-:
a. m il. X -f it.. ,
nuns, xor me perpeiuauuu ui iuu uuveu.-
ment, you have been with U3. At the
blood v battles of Mectanicksville. Games'
Hill, Bull Run, South Mountain, Antie
tam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, and
Mine Run, your example and command
urged us on to deeds of noble daring. Oa
the march through Maryland and Penn
sylvania, and thence to Mino Run, your
sympathy for us in privation won those
feelings of regard which men feci only
toward a gallant commaudcr.
"Would that those whose graves are in
Virginia 'soil those who gave up their
lives for their country in Maryland and
Pennsylvania those who died of disease
incurred in their country's service those
who are maimed by wounds or disabled
by disease were here to unite wifli
us in this presentation! Rut, no; tile
gallant dead who bleep beneath the sod
cannot be recalled to life, and the disabled
living are too far from us to participate in
this heartfelt tribute to you.
'A bright halo of glory hovers around
the graves of , our fallen companions, to
cheer and encourage us in the good work
of contending for the right. And may
the God of battles help us to fight the
remaining battles of our country success
fully, that when peace is restored we may
enjoy it in the pleasing assurance of hav
ing done our duty.
"Here, Colonel, aro the tokens of our
regard, consisting of sword, sash, belt and
purs. We do not give thqm by reason
0f any pecuniary value attaching to them,
but to strengthen ' the assufance of the
past that between you and your men the
Strongest cords of "affection arc drawn.
Accept them, Colonel, and use tbema3
you may think host while in the service
of our common country; and when you
; ... ... ,i . I - a. : ,i j. iL.t
"Whv. takin"-vour I vears. lien this regiment was organ- patriotism was your cmei, your uigncsi
the cheapest invest- izea, at uamp w ngnt, x'a.. ana we nau mauve uui tu. patiiuLism wmcu
return to your loved ones at home, they
phall constitute a memento for you and
Col. Jackson received the gift in his
usual quiet, unassuming manner, and in a
clear voice replied as follows :
"Cant. Timulin Ahow me to thank
you, and with you the officers and men of
the 11th Pa. Iteserves, f or this unmerited
token- of your respect. I would bo dead
to gratitude, indeed, wero I to receive,
without returning my most sincere thanks,
such a beautiful and valuable testimonial
as this, aud that, too, coming from such,
worthy donors as the officers and men of
the 11th Pa. Ke3erves. I' am not aware
that any act or acts of mine should call
forth from you such a tribute as this I
have required of you vigilance, punctual
ity, and faithfulness in the discharge of
your duties, and with these requirements
you have uniformly complied. I could
ask no more, and could not with propriety
havo demanded less. lirt-I accept this,
fellow soldiers, not that I have merited
the honor at your hands, but because I
I recognize in it another symptom of your
devotion to that glorious cause iu whish
you have been so manfully 'struggling.
"It 13 well nigu turce years sinca you
and I first met in the character of soldiers.
lou were then pleased to place me in a
position of honor and authority among
you. For this, allow me here to thank you.
liut have you no since then given me
ten thousand more and greater reasons for
my thanks ! You- have been to me more
than I could havo expected, yea, more
than I deserved. You have stood by me
and 'with me where none but hearts of
steel could stand, and have cheerfully and
willingly obe37ed my harshest mandate.
I am proud here to say, (and that at the
risk of being considered egotistic.) that no
regiment in the Federal service has made
a brighter record than that borne by the
11th Pa. Reserves.
lou showed lorth to
you, when vou first
the world around
needed appeals, or waited for the stimu
lant of bounties. It was enough for you
to know that your country was imperiled.
The roar of the first rebel cannon rever
berating across bur peaceful hills had
hardly died-away when you sprang to
arm3, and,, hastening across the Allegha
nies, placed your own brave breasts a bul
wark of strength to stay the tide of
rebellion, which then surged against the
very base of our country's capital. And
since thee, whether "amid the smoke and
tumult of battle", or in the doleful dens of
the rebel prison, you have ever proved
true to your country's trust. -
"I must not upon this occasion forget to
make honorable mention of our gallant
dead, those fallen martyrs, whose bleach
ing bones now whiten the plains of the
treacherous South. I he gallant iNesbit,
i the noble Stewart, the brave and deter
1 mined Lewis, the gentlemanly Kristler,
the heroic Rrady, together with a hundred
more as worthy ot mention, have all
sealed their devotion to their country by
pouring forth their life-blood. Their
names stand high on the roll of freedom's
and the blessiu-irs of posterity
an eternal halo around their
'May the sweetest and softest
sunshine ot all God's heavens linger whore
their poor bones are mouldering into dust.'
"I trust the dawn of peace is near ap
proaching, and that tre long it will break
with all its God-like effulgence upon our
distracted land. Then will our glorious
old banner float triumphant and unmoles
ted from Maine to Oregon, from the
Potomac to the Rio Grande ; and then,
fellow soldiers, will I place this precious
gift among the chief relics of my lifox and
ever prize it highest of all my earthly
"Again, fellow soldiers of the 11th reg
iment, accept my grateful and mo"sl heart
After he had concluded, he was given
three rousing cheers, when the regiment
adjourned to their quarters, satisfied that
their gift could not have been bestowed
upon a more worthy object.
Col. Jackson hails from 'Armstrongs
that county has just cause to feel proud
of him. T. d.
S3, A Newbury port
heard, a few days since,
gone up two eeuts, and
telling no one
to do, imme-
what he was
diately rushed off
and bought the
whole stock of another merchant at 11
cents. He was so delighted with the
operation that he treated the clerks all
around on his return, and theu learned
that a man as clever as himself had
bought all his stock at 20 cents while he
was away !
Prize riddle When do chickens
cross the road ? Ans. When they want
to get to the other side.
All communications intended for this column
snouia be addressed to "Ttie Alleghanian."
Our School Buildings. In continu
ation of ourarticIe of last weejc, wc propose
td discuss some of the requisites necessary
to constitute a good county school house.
Many buildings now in progress of con
struction, and others that have been
recently built, are sadly deficient in ven
tilation ; while numbers of those of an
older date are not fit to be occupied be
cause of the same defect. In the erection
of most school houses, the windows are
relied on to afford the occupants" a suffi
cient amount of. pure air. This they will
aflord during certain portions of the year,
but at other times, they are utterly inad
equate. During cold weather, the upper
sash ot a window can be lowered' only at
the risk of colds and' fevers. If the room
is moderately warm, and all the windows
closed, and there should be no means of
ventilation, but a fchort time will elapse
until the respiration of from thirty to
sixty persons will make the air of tho
room unfit to be breathed. Yet all this
can be easily and cheaply remedied by
having one cr two ventilators placed in
Next we will speak of the size and
character of the building. We seldom
enter a school building that has sufficient
accommodations for the scholars. A
school room should not be a great barn ot"
a place, yet it ought to have space enough
to allow the operations of the school to be
carried on with ease and without any
crowding in the movements of the pupils.
tA poor, disci pi mar iaii williot keep jjood
order under the'iadist iavorabte cjreum
stauces, but where there is not sufficient
space to allow free and easy movement to
and from the classes and the various por
tions of the room, it is very hard for any
one to prevent confusion. A pernicious
trick ia the erection of many buildings
i3 the old fashioned long benches in
tended to seat from six to sixteen ' or
twenty persons. No more than two schol
ars should sit together. The desks should
be placed in rows, or divisions, and the
aisles between them should be at least
three feet in width. Not one school room
in a dozen has proper arrangements for
classes at recitation. Every school room
should be provided with a recitation bench
with a back to it, the bench being so placed
as to not obstruct ingress or egress. In
many of our county (and indeed of our
town) school houses, the ceilings are low,
the rooms small, and the walls poorly plas
tered, or perhaps hot plastered at all, and
destitute of anything to enliven their
appearance. No t-chool room should be
without blinds.' Theyliot only add mucl,
to the appearance of a room, but are an
actual necessity. It borders on the cruel
to have scholars sit through a summer's
day with a merciless sun sending his rays
Come with me to two different schools.
In the. first one the pupils arc huddled on
long benches in a room twenty by twenty
four feet ; the ceiling is low, (say eight
feet;) tho walls are rough; uncouth, and
bare of all ornament; the windows Lave
no blinds ; and to crown all there arc no
means of ventilation, and the air is very
impure. Th.c teacher and the scholars
yawn; the teacher is tired- of the place
and so are the scholars ; and when even
iog comes both are rejoicing. Why?
Impure air deadens the spirit and give's
headache, and the headache makes one
cross. There is no beauty, no attraction,
tind why should childhood wish to be
cooped up in such a place ? Now, como
to auother school where there is good,
fresh air, plenty of room, good accommoda
tions, and some taste aud beauty displayed
in and about the building. Why, there
is but little headache displayed here.
The scholars, too, are cheerful, and is
the teacher. Yes, the tcholarss feel at
home, and contented, and that is the se
cret. t$!Tbe softer the head, the harder tho
wcrk of driving anything into it.