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Post Omcttl Post Matter. Districts.
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Caxolltown. Joseph Behe,
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A. G. Crooks,
Asa H. Fiske
J. M. Christr,
Wn Tiler, Jr.,
I. E. Chandler,
Andrew J Ferral, Susq'han.
Stan. Wharton. Clearfield.
George Berkey, Richland.
B. M'Colgan, Wasbt'n.
B. F. Slick, Croyle.
William M'Connell Washfn.
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CHURCHES, MINISTERS, &C.
Presbyterian Ret. D. IJabbisox, Pastor.
Preachinc every Sabbath morning at 101
Vrlnrk. and in the eYeninjr at 6 o'clock. Sab-
cath School at 1 o'clock, A. M. Prayer meet
lag every Thursday evening at 6 o'clock.
Methodist Episcopal Church Rkv. J. S. Lesi
tos, Preacher in charge. Rev. W. II. M'Bsioe,
A.'iistant. Preachingevery alternate Sabbath
mornin?. at 10 o'clock. Sabbath School at 9
o'clock, A. M. Prayer meeting every Thursday
tvening, at 7 o clock.
Welch Independent Rev Ll. It. Powell,
Pastor. Preaching every Sabbath morning at
:o o'ciock, and in the evening at 6 o'clock.
Sabbath School at 1 o'clock, P. M. Prayer
taeeting on the first Monday evening of each
month and on every Tuesday, Thursday and
Friday evening, excepting the first wee. in
Cilvinutic Methodist Rev. Johx Williams,
Pastor. Preaching every Sabbath evening at
Sand 6 o'clock. Sabbath School at r o'clock,
A. ML. Piayer meeting every Friday eveniug,
a; 7 o'clock. Society every Tuesday evening
a; 7 o'clock.
ViscipUs Rkv. W. Lloyd, Pastor. Preach
ig every Sabbath morning at 10 o'clock.
Particular Baptists Hey . David Jenkixs,
Pastor. Preaching every t-'abbath evening at
i o'clock. Sabbath School at at I o'clock, P. M.
Catholic Rev. M. J. Mitchell, Pastor.
Services every Sabbath morning at 1 0 J o'clock,
aji Vespers at 4 o'clock in the evtaiag.
Fujtern, daily, at Uj o'clock, A. M.
Western, at 11 o'clock, A. M.
Eastern, daily, at 8 o'clock, P. M.
Western, " at 8 o'clock, P. M.
EgTTtn' mails from Butler,Indiana,Strongs
towu, &c.t arrive on Thursday of each week,
: 5 o'clock, P. M.
Leave Rbenshurg on Friday of each ptk,
: !: A. M.
t!i,The mails from Newman's Milte, Car
rMltowa, &.c, arrive on Monday, Wednesday
i'd Friday of each week, at 3 o'clock, P. M.
Leave Ebensburg on Tuesdays, Thursdays
ii Saturdays, at 7 o'clock, A. M.
ttts: Bait. Express leaves at
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Juijtsoftke Courts President, Hon. Geo.
fylor, Huntingdon; Associates, George W.
E!ey, Henry C. Devine.
Prothonotary Joseph M'Donali.
Register and Recorder James Griffin
Sherif John Buck.
District Attorney. Philip S. Noon.
Countv Commissioners Peter J. Little, Jno.
uapbell, Edward Glass.
treasurer Isaac ike.
Poor I Taut Directors Georcre M'CuUoueb.
ieorge Delany, Irwin Rutledge.
roor House Treasurer oeorge L. K. anm
Auiitors William J. Williams. Georcre C.
t Zahm, Francis Tiernev.
County Surveyor. Henry Scanlan.
Coroner. --William Flattery.
Mercantile Appraiser Patrick Donahoe.
Sup't. of. Common Schools -J F. Condon
tncSBl'RC IIOR. OFFICERS.
lattices of the Peace David H. Roberts
Burgess A. A. Barker.
School Tirrrtnrx Ahel Llovd. Pbil S. N6on.
ibua D. Parrish. Hueh Jones. L. J. Mills,
wid J. Jones.
Constable Thomas J, Davis.
76 IT ft flntimril T A 1 to n A mr fMir T)nifl
Evans, Richard R. Tibbott, Evan E. Evan,
faptctort Alexander Jones. D, O. Kvans.
Judge of Election Richard Jones, Jr.
A'stssor Thomas M. Jones.
Aisistant Assessors David E. Evans, Win.
Ofittuhl Wniiom Mills .Tr
.iojcn Council-;-John Dopghertj, George C,
Francis A. Shoe-
, James S. Todd. . ,
yP tc to f tQ . W . Oatman. Roberts Evans.
Ju,i? of Election Michael naeson.
WMorJamei Murray. -:
A'Hstant .4cr William Barnta, Dan-
Tlie Last Charge.
BY OLIVES WENDELL HOLMES.
Now, men of the) North I will you join la the
For country, for freedom, for honor, for life?
The giant grows blind in hl3 fury and spite
One blow on his forehead will settle the fight
Flash full in his eyes the blue lightning of
Ana stun turn wita cannon bolts, peal upon
Mount, troopers, and follow youi game to its
As the hound tracks the wolf and the beagle
the hare I
Blow, trumpets, your summons, till sluggards
Beat, drums, till the roofs of the faint-hearted
Yet, yet, ere the signet is stamped on the
Their names may be traced on the blood
sprinkled roll I
Trust not the false herald that painted your
True honor to-dav must be sought on the
Her scutcheon shows white with a blazon of
The life-drops of crimson for liberty shed I
The hour is at hand, and the moment draws
dog-star of treason grows dim in the
sky 1 v
Shine forth from the battle-cloud, light ot
Call back the bright hour when the Nation
The rivers of Peace through our valleys shall
As the glaciers of tyranny melt in the sun ;
Smite, smite the proud parricide down from
once broken, the world is our
THE WIDOW'S STRATAGEM.
Deacon Bancroft, though a very good
man in trie mam, ana looKea up to witn
respect by all the inhabitants of the little
village cf Centerville, was rumored ta have,
in Yankee parlance, a pretty sharp look
out for the main chance, a peculiarity
rom which deacons are not always ex
In worldly masters he was well to do,
laving inherited a fine farm from h'3
ather, which was growing yearly very val-
uable. it migru ve supposeu mat unuer
these circumstances the deacon, who was
ully able to do so, would have found a
lelpmate to share his house and name.
13at the deacon was wary. JMatnmony
I was to him, in some measure, a matter ot
money, and it was his firm resolve not to
marry unless he could thereby enchancc
his worldly prosperity. Unhappily, the
little village of Ceuterville and the town
in the immediate vicinity, contained few
who were Qualified in this important par
ticular, and of. these there were probably
some with whom the deacon's suit would
not have prospered.
So it happened that years passed away,
until deacon Bancroft was in the prime of
life forty-five or thereabouts and still
unmarried, and in all probability likely to
remain so. But in all human calculations
of this kind they reckon illy who leave
Deacon Bancroft's nearest neighbor was
The widow "Wells', who had
through one matrimouial experience, was
some three or .our years
deacon Bancroft. She was a buxom,
comely woman, as widows are apt to be.
Unfortunately, the late Mr. Wells had not
been able to leave her sufficient to make
her independent of the world. All that
she possessed was the small old fashioned
house in which she lived, and a small
amouBt of money, which was insufficient
to support her, and a little son of seven,
likewise to be enumerated in the schedule
of her property, though hardly to be clas
sed as "productive" of anything but mis
The widow was therefore obliged to
take three or four boarders, to eke out her
scanty income, which ot course impose!
upon her considerable labor and anxiety.
is it surprising that under tnese cir
cumstances she should now and then be
think herself of a second marriage to bet
ter her condition ? Or again, ueed we
esteem it a special wonder, if, in her re
flection on this point, she should have
. Vl J
cast her eyes on her next neignoor, aeacon
Bancroft ? The deacon as we already
said, was in flourishing circumstances.
He would be able to maintain a wiio in
great comfort and being one of tl)e chief
EBENSBURG, PA., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1864.
personages in the village, could affjrd her I
a prominent social position. He was not
especially handsome., or calculated to make
a profound impression on the female
heart- this was true buthe was good
disposition ed, kind hearted and would no
doubt make a very good sort of a husband.
Widows are, 1 take it, (if they do me the
honor to read this story, I trust thatthev
will forgive the remark,) less disposed to
weish sentiment in a second
than at first, and so, in a widow's point of
vie w,deacon Bancroft was a desirable match.
Some sagacious person, however, has ob
served that it takes two to make a match.
a fact to be seriously considered, for in the
present case it was exceedingly doubtful
whether the worthy deacon, even if he had
known the favorable opinion of his next
neighbor, would have been inclined to
propose changing her name to Bancroft,
unless indeed a suitable motive was brought
to bear upon tkim.
licre was a superb chance for finessing,
wherein widows are said, asageneral thing,
to be expert.
One evening after a day of fatiguing la
bor, the widow Wells sat at the fire in the
sitting room, with her l'eet resting on the
lender. . ..
'If I am ever so situated as not to have
to work so hard, 1 shall be happy. It's a
hard life keeping boarders. It i was only
as weil off as deacon Bancroft "
Still the widow kept up her thinking,
and by and by her face brightened up.
iShe had au idea, which she was resolved
to put into execution at the very earliest
moment. What it was the reader will
discover in the ecquel. .
"Henry," said she to her son next
morning, "1 want you to stop at deacon
Baucroit's as you go to school, and ask
him it he will come and see me in the
morning or atteruoon, juat as he lands it
Deacon Bancroft was a littlo surprised
at this summons. However, about eleven
o'clock, he called in. The widow had got
ou the dinner, and had leisure to sit down.
She appeared a little embarrassed.
li.eury told me you would like to see
me," he commenced.
Yes, deaeoaj I do. But
much atraid you will think
least ot what i have to say to you."
1 he deacon verv politely promised not
to be surprised, though at the same time
his curioaity was very much excited.
"Suppose, said the widow, casting
down her eyes, "mind lam only supposiug
case 6u:posing a person should hud a
pot ot gold pieces iu their cellar," would
the law have a right to touch it, or would
it belong to them ?"
The deacou pricked up his ears. "A
pot of goid pieces, widow Why, unques
tionably the law would have nothing to do
with it !"
And the one who had formerly owned
the house couldn't come forward and claim
it, could he, deacon?" inquired the widow
with apparent anxiety.
"No, madam, unquestionably not: when
the house was disposed of everything went
with it, as a matter of course."
"I am glad to hear it, deacon. You
won't think strange of the question, but it
happened to my- mind, and 1 thought I
"Certainly, certainlj," said the deacon,
"And, deacon, as you are here, 1 hope
you will stop to dinner with us. It will
be ready punctually at twelve
said me aeacon rising, "x m
. t TI
obleeged to ye, but they 11 he expecting
"At any rate, deacon," said the widow,
taking a steaming mince pie from the
oven, "you won't object takiug a piece ot
mince pie. You must know that I rather
pride myself on my mince pics."
The warm pie sent forth such a deli
cious odor, that the deacon was sorely
tempted, and after saying, "Well, really,"
with the intention of refusing, he finished
by saying, "on the whole I guess I will,
as it looks so nice."
The widow was really a good cook, and
the deacon ate with much gusto the gen
erous slice which the widow cut for him,
and after chatting upon unimportant
subject, withdrew in some mental per
Was it possible, thought he, that the
widow could have found a pot of gold iu
her cellar ? she did not say so, to be sure,
but why should she have shown so much
anxiety to know as to the propiietorship
of the treasure thus found if she had not
happened upon some? To be sure, so far
as his knowledge extended, there was no
one who occupied the house who would
be in the least likely to lay up such an
amount of gold ; but then the house was
one hundred and fifty years old, at the
very least, and had had many occupants
of whom he knew nothing. It might be,
after, all. . The widow's earnest desire to
have him think it was only curiosity, like- '
wise gave additional probability to the
"I will wait and watch," thought the
It so happened that deacon Bancroft
was one of the directors in a saving insti
tution situated in the next town, and
accordingly used to ride over once or
twice a month, to attend the meeting3 of
On the next occasion of this kind, the
widow Weljssent over to know if he could
carry her over with him, as she had a little
business there. ,
The request was readily granted. Arri
ving at the village, Mrs. Wells requested
to be set down at the bank.
"Ha ! ha !" thought the deacon, "that
He said nothing, however, but deter
mined to come back and find out,' as he
could readily from the cashier, what bus
iuess she had with the bank.
The widow tripped into the office, pre
tending to look very nonchalent.
"Can you give me inall bills for a five
dollar gold piece?" she inquired.
"With pleasure," was the reply.
"By the way," she said, ''the bank is in
a very flourishing condition, is it not?"
'None in the Slate ou a better footing,"
was the prompt response.
''You receive deposits, do you not ?"
"Yes, madam, we arc receiving them
"Do you receive any as high as as five
".No," said the cashier; "or rather we
do not allow interes. on so large a sum.
One thousand dollars is our limit. Do
you know of any one who
'It is of no consequence' said the wid
ow hurriedly, "I only ask for curiosity.
By the way, did you say how much inter
est you allow on deposits that come within
"Five per cent., madam."
''Thank you : I only ask for curiosity.
What a beautiful morning it is?"
And the widow tripped lightly out.
Shortly afterwards the deacon entered.
"How's business, Mr. Cashier?" was
his fir&t inquiry.
"About as usual."
"Many depooits lately ?"
"None of any magnitude."
"I brought over a lady who seemed to
have business with you?"
"The widow Wells ?"
"'Do you know," asked the cashier,
"whether she has had auy money left her
"None that I know of," said the deacon,
pricking up his ears. "Why, did she de
posit any t"
''No, but she inquired whether we re
ceived deposits as high as five thousand
"Indeed," ejaculated the deacon. "Was
that all she came for ?" he inquired a mo
"No ; she exchanged a gold piece for
"Ha !'' pondered the deacon reflective
ly. "Did she give any reason for the in
"No ; she said she only asked for curi
The deacon left the bank in deep thought,
lie came to the conclusion that this curi
osity only veiled a deeper . motive. He no
longer entertained a doubt that the widow
had found a pot of gold in her cellar, and
appearances seemed to indicate that its
probable value was at least five thousand
dollars. The gold piece she had exchang
ed at the bauk appeared to confirm the
"I rather thick," said the deacon com
placently, "I can see into a millstone about
as far as mo?t -people" a statement the
literal truth of which I defy any one to
question, although as to the prime fact of
people being able to see into a millstoue
at all, doubts have now and then intruded
themselves upon my iuiud.'
Next Sunday widow Wells appeared at
church in anew and stylish bonnet, which
led to some such remarks as these :
"How much vauity some people have,
to be sure."
"How a woman who has kept boarders
for a living can afford to dash out with
such a bonnet on is more than I can tell.
I should think she was old enough to know
The last remark was mado by a young
lady just six months younger than the
widow whose attempt to catch a huiband
hitherto had proved unavailing.
"I suppose she is trying to catch a sec
ond husband with her finery. Before I'd
descend to such means, I'd rl'd drown
myself," continued the lady.
In the last amiable speech the young
lady had unwittingly hit upon the true
motive. The widow was intent upon
catching Deacon Bancroft, and she indulg
ed in a costly bonnet, not because she 6 up-
posed he would be caught with finery, but i
because this would strengthen in his mind
the idea that she had stumbled upon the
The widow. calculated shrewdly, and the
display had the desired effect.
On Monday afternoon the deacon found
an errand that . called him over to the
widow's. It changed to be just about tea
time. He was importuned to stay to tea,
and somewhat to his owu surprise he did.
The polite widow, who knew the deacon's
weak point, brought out one of her best
mince pies, a slice of which her gue3t
partook of with a zest.
"You'll take another piece, I know,"
said she persuasively.
"Beally, I am ashamed," said the dea
con, but he passed his plate. "The fact
ift earn ne, apologetically, "your pies
are so nice, I don't know when to stop."
"Do you. call these nice?" paid the
widow, modestly. "I call them common.
I can make nice pies when I set out to,
but this time I didn't have as good luck
'I should'nt want any better," said the
"Then I hope if you like them you will
drop iu to tea often. We ought to be
more neighborly, deacon Bancroft."
Deacon Bancroft assented, and he meant
what he said. The fact is, the deacon
began to think that the widow was a very
charming woman. She was very comely,
and then she was such an excellent cook.
Besides he had no doubt in his mind that
she had a considerable suji of money.
What objections would there be to her
becoming Mrs. , Bancroft ? He brought
this question before her one evening.
The widow blushed: professed to betrreat-
- B J . 1 . - I m
ly surprised in fact she never thought of
such athingin herufe but, on the whole,
hhe had always thought highly of the
deacon, and to cut the matter short, she
A month after she was installed as mis
crefs of the deacon's
what to the surprise of the village people,
who could not conceive how she had
brought him over.
Some wcexs after the ceremony, the
deacon ventured to inquire about the pot
of gold which she had found in the cel
"Pot of gold!' she exclaimed, in sur
prise, "I know of none.
"But," said the deacon disconocrned,
'you asked me about whether the law
could claim it."
"Oh lor! deacon, I only asked you from
"And was that the reason you made
the iuquiry at the bauk ?"
"Certainly. What cUq could it b?"
-The deacon went out to the barn, and
for half an hour sat in silent meditation.
At the end of this time, he ejaculated, as
a closing consideration "After all, she
makes good uiince pies !"
It gives me pleasure to state that the
union between the deacon and the widow
proved a happy one, although to the end
of his life he never could quite tnake un
his mind about the "pot ot gold."
m m m
Sound travels at the rate of 1,155 feet
per second in the air ; 4,960 in wliter, 11,
U00 in cast iron, 17,000 in steel, 18,000
in glass, and from 4,G3G to 17,000 in
Mercury freezes at 38 degrees Fahren
heit, and becomes a Mlid mass, malleable
under the hammer.
The greatest height at which visible
clouds ever exist does not exceed ten
Air is about 810
time3 lighter than
Tho pressure of the atmosphere upon
every square foot of the earth amounts to
2,168 lbs. An ordinary sized man, sup
posing his surface to be 14 square feet,
sustains the enormous pressure of 40.149
Heat rarifies air to such an extent that
it may be mtde to occupy 5,500 times the
space it did before.
The violence of the expansion of water
when freezing, is sufficient to cleave a
globe of copper of such thickness as to re
quire a force of 28,000 pounds to produce
the same effect.
During the conversion of ice into water,
140 degrees ot heat are absorbed.
! Water, when converted into steam, in
creases in bulk 18Q0 times.
One hundred pounds of water ot the
Dead Sea contains 45 lbs of salt.
The mean annual depth of rain that
falls at the equator is 96 inches.
Assuming tho temperature of the inte
rior of the earth increases uniformly ps
we descend at the rate of one degree in
46 feet, at the depth of CO miles it will
amount to 480,000 degrees of Fahrenheit
a degree of heat suaient to fuse all
The explosive force of closely confined
gun powder is six and a half tons to thA.
Hail stones sometimes fall with the ve
locity of 112 feet in a second, and rain at
34 feet in a second. , ,
The greatest artificial cold ever produc
ed is 91 degrees Fahrenheit. i-
Electricity moves with a greater velocity
than light, which traverses 200,000 miles
of space in a second of time. ...... .
Thunder can be heard at tho distanc
of 30 miles.
Lightning can be seen by reflection' at
the distance of 200 miles.
Farewell. The "Educational Col!
umn' that for some time past has decked '
the pages of The Alleghanian, ceases, for
a time at least, with the present issue.
Entering upon anpther field of labor, amid
different scenes, yet for the same great
purpose the welfare of our precious land
we bid adieu to the readers of this col
umn and to those with whom we bar
commingled with more than ordinar re
gret. We never were, we could not be
among those who sec no attraction in thd
eheerf ul, ruddy face of ycuth, who con
sider their instruction n irksome task
and devoid of pleasure. No ; we love th
bright eye, the glowing cheek, the smi
ling countenance ot children. There u
in innocent childhood something not akinr
to mature life, something that carries the'
soul to heaven, or, rather, that brings,
heaven down to tho soul. Thcio is the
sublimity of undouhtinsr faith, as well 'as
the joyousnsss of exulting hone, the -an--gelic
beauty of purest motive and unsullied:
love. The soul is not yet stained by con
tact with the world, the heart's hope is
not yet crushed by thwarted ambitien, th
passions have not yet risen to "reign lika'
a mountain devil in the heart." but there
is shown forth as'through a glass darkly"
what man would have been had he been
true to God. W sometimes wish we could;
have ever been a child. What almost
infinite joy it was to revel in a mother's
bve, to be shielded by parental affection'
from all envious strokes, and to feel that
simple, childlike faith in all the words
and acts of our parents !
But when evil example is placed before
tho.se of tender years, when they are mado
to drink from the fountains of sin, how
changed does all become 1 and how ap-
palling the change! The night of child
hood steeped iu crime what is more re-,
volting? But it is the teacher's good;
provit-ce to maintain the beauty of youth
by deserving, and hence gaining, the
respect and Jove of those under him.
Yes ; we say again that the parting is with
regret. The companionship has been
fruitful of good. With sorrow in our
heart, and prayer for those whom we
humbly sought to lead in the paths of
knowledge, we say farewell, hoping that
ere another summer shall come and go
our distracted country shall see brighter,,
happier days. Heaven grant it bo.
SGJu Gen. Burnside passed thro' Center1
Harbor, N. H., on Monday of last week,
where, in response to repeated calls, he,
delivered the following hopeful speech:
"Jy Friends: I am sure you will ex-
cuse mc from making any extended re
marks on this occasion, because it is not
my habit tc address public assemblies. I"
am returning from a brief trip, during,
which 1 have purposely enjoyed recreation.
It will not be amiss, however, for me to
say that I have the fullest confidence in
the ability of the Government to crush
out this wicked rebellion. I feel that the
day is not far distant when despondency -will
totally disappear, and the people of
the North will see, as we in the field see, '
that the end 13 at hand. Only one united
effort is needed to enable the Government ,
to move still more quickly. I refer to ,
this because I have lately witnessed des
pondency, and been surprised at it. I
have heard more grumbling at the North
iu three days than I heard iu one wholo
campaign from the Ilapidan to Petersburg.
The people seem to think our armies are
wearing out without corresponding ex-.
hauation of the enemy. This is a mis
take ; our resources in the field are great-
er than ttis. we nave tnree times his
home resources uutouched, and can lose .
far more than the South, and still break
down the rebellion. I repeat, there is no
cause for depondency. Let every citizen
do all in his power, and the result is
A lady correspondent of a Provi
dence paper computes that it the women
would cut their dresses to escape tho
ground one inch, instead of trailing two
inshes, as is now the fashion, a saving of
one million dollars would be apnuallr
enecteu. uere is a chance xer "dress
reform," as well as for improvement in