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1. A. BARKER, Urtitor and Proprietor.
J.TODI) U1TTCIEXXSOX, Publisher..
I WOULD BATHER BE RIGHT THAN PRESIDENT. Hesey Clat.
.50 IS ADVANCE,
EBENSBURG, PA., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 9, "186.5.
JLIST OF POST OFF
rost Ojjices. Post Masters.
bteven L. ivans,
A. G. Crooks,
A sa U. Fiske
J. M. Christy,
Win Tiley, Jr.,
I. E. Chandler,
Andrew J Ferral
G. W. Bowman,
B. F. Slick,
J. K. Shryock,
CKmCMES, MIXESTER5, O.
Presbyterian Ret. D. Harbison, Pastor.
Preaching every Sabbath morning at 10
o'clock, and iu the evening at C o'clock. Sab
r,a:h School at 'J o'clock, A. M. Prayer mect
iuj: every Thursday evening at G o'clock.
'jlcthodist Episcopal Church Rnv. J. S. Lem
ijN, Treacher in chargo. Rev. W. n. II'Bride,
Assistant. Preachingevery alternate Sabbath
morning, at 10 o'clock. Sabbath School atO
o'cIockA. M. Prayer meeting every Thursday
evoniuz, at 7 o'clock.
C'.'c-.'i Independent Rev Ll. R. Powell,
p.istor. Preaching every Sabbath morning at
10 o'ciock, and in the evening at G o'clock.
Sabbath School ht 1 o'cTock, P. M. Prayer
meeting on the first Monday evening of e.ich
iuunth ; and ou every Tuesday, Thursday and
Friday evening, excepting the. first week in
Culvinisiic Methodist Tlzr. Mokoan Ellis,
pin3tur. Preaching every Sabbath evening at
2 and 0 o'clock. Sabbath School at K o'clock,
A. :i. Piayer meeting every Friday evening,
at 7 o'clock. Society every Tuesday evening
at 7 o'clock.
Ditcioles Rev. W. Lloyd, Pastor. rreach-
every Sabbath morning at 10 o'clock.
Particular Baptists Rev. David Evans,
Factor. Preaching every t'abbath evening at
3 o'clock. Sabbath School at at 1 o'clock, P. M.
C-j'Jiolic Rev. M. J. Mitchell, Pastor.
Services every Sabbath morning at 10 o'clock
ar.l Vespers at 4 o'clock in the evening.
Eastern, dcilr, at 12; o'clock, P. M.
V.'estern, at 1- o'clock, P. M.
rastsrn, daily, at S o'clock, P. M.
'.Vestera, " " at 8 o'clock, P. M.
K.-yTh mails from Butler.Indiana, Strongs
tj'vi, kc, arrive on Thursday of each week,
at 5 o'clock, P. M.
Leave Eber.sburg on Friday of each week,
et ft A. M.
I??.. The mails from Newman's Mills, Car
rr.'.itmvn, Arc., arrive on Monday, Wednesday
a 1 Fr'nby of each v.'cek, at 3 o'clock, P. M.
L'.mvc Cbensburg on Tuesdays, Thursdays
and .Saturdays, at t o'ciock, A. M.
Vrost Bait. Express leaves at
rhila. E.vpicss "
" Pitts, a Erie Ex
" Emigrant Train
East Phila. Express
" Fa. st Line
" Fust Mail
" Harrisb. Accoiu. "
Judges ff the Courts President, Hon. Geo.
Taylor, Huntingdon; Associates, George W.
E?-3ley, Henry (j. Devine.
Prothonotary Joseph M'Doaal 1.
Register and Recorder James GriCin.
Sheriff James Myers.
District Attorney. Philip S. Noon.
Count' Commissioners John Campbell, Ed
ard Glass, E. R. Dunnegan.
Treasurer Isaac Wike.
Poor House Directors Georgo M'Cullough,
George Delany. Irwin Rutledge.
Poor House Treasurer George C. K. Zahm.
Auiitors William J. Williams, Franci3 P.
Tierney, John A. Kennedy.
County Surveyor. Henry Scanlan.
Coroner. -William Flattery.
Mercantile Appraiser John Cox.
Sup't. of Common Schools J. F. Condon.
EBSSSHrRG bok. officers.
Justices of the Peace David II. Roberts
Burgess A. A. Barker.
School DireclornXW Lloyd, Phil S. Noon,
Joshua 1). Parrish, Hugh Jones, E. J. Mills,
David J. Jones.
Constable Thomas J. Davis.
To ten Council J. Alexander Moore, Daniel
Evans, Richard R. Tibbott, Evan E. Evan3,
Inspectors Alexander Jones. D. O. Evans.
-f udge oii7cf job Richard Jones, Jr.
Assessor Thomas M. Jones.
Atsiitant Assessors David E. Evans, Wm.
nai William Mills, Jr.
iou- CoiBfrt John Dougherty, George C.
f-, Isaac Crawford, Franci3 A. Shoe
raflker, James s. Todd.
Jnptctois G. W. Oatman. Roberts Evans.
JtJl'je of Election Michael Hasson.
.jMMMr James Murray,
i in??' Anew William Barnes, Dau-
FREEDOM FOR ALL!
Tlie Constitutional Amendment
" Adopted IJcatli and Rurlal
or tlie "Peculiar Institution"
IVo KSore Human SIaverjr
Forever TBie ZVation Filters
upon a Xetv and Uetter Lite.
The following is the Associated Press
account of the deliberations resulting in
the adoption by the National House of
Itcpresentatives of the Constitutional
Amendment abolishing and forever pro
hibiting Human Slavery within the Uni
ted States :
Washington, Tuesday, Jan. 31, 1SG3.
Ihc House resumed consideration of
the Senate joiut resolution, proposing
amendments to the Constitution of the
Mr. 31'Allister. said: When this sub
ject was before the House on a former
occasion, I voted against the'mcasure. T
have been in favor of exhausting all the
j means of conciliation to restore the Union
as our iatLcrs.niaae.it. l am lor the
Union, and utterly opposed to secession
or dissolution in any way or shape. The
result of all the peace missions, and es
pecially that of Mr. Blair, has satisfied
me that nothing short of recognition of
their independence will satisfy the South
ern Confederacy. It must therefore be
destroyed, and in voting for the present
measure, I cast my vote against the corner-atone
of the Southern Confederacy,
and declare ctei-nal war against the ene
mies of my country. . .
Mr. CoFraoTii addressed the House in
favor of the amendment, not, however,
speaking for or against Slavery. Ho ar
gued the power of Congress to submit the
amendment to the Legislatures of the
States ; that the South could defeat the
amendment; that it must be submitted to
the seceded State, or it would be recog
nizing their independence; that if this
were done, it wonld apply only to those
who adopted it. lie nUo argued that the
South would not remain in the 'Union
under the Constitution as it now is, and
that they would net come back after four
years' fighting. All relating to Slavery
should be stricken from our statute books,
and then when the people of the South
are tired and sick of this barbarous and
inhuman war, and demand a cessation of
hostilities until it bo ascertained if peace
cannot be obtained, there will be no ob
stacles in the way ol giving new guaran
tees to every person who shelters himself
under the American Constitution. He
alio argued that Slavery was the fruitful
theme lor the opponents of the Democracy.
It 'breached life and existence into fanati
cism, and unless that which sustained and
fed fanaticism be removed from the polit
ical arena, tlie country would bs entirety
J destroyed, lie was in favor of removing
it, and then the people would : place in
power the Democracy. He gave this vote
alter much consideration, and as a Demo
crat, and would consistently stand by the
organization of. his party. No power on
earth should prevent hiui fr9m voting for
; the candidates cf his party. His desire
j was tLe triumph of the party which has
, made this country great.
Mr. Milleii (Pa.) said he owed it to
himself and his constituents to reply to
the sentiments of his colleage, just uttered
on the floor. He wished to so act that
when he returned home, he would not be
found derelict to the duty with which he
had been entrusted, having taken an oath
to protect, defend and preserve the Con
stitution of the United States. Long as
the matter had been discussed here, it was
very strange that no man had answered
the question, what was to be done with
the freed people should such an amend
ment to the Constitution prove effective ?
Gentlemen on the other side had failed to
make out a case. During this administra
tion, the Constitution had been violated
in all its important features.
Mr. IIerkick, in the course of his
speech, said it was inconsistent to remain
stationary when all the rest of the world
is moving change is the universal law of
nature." V'hat he had heretofore regarded
as impolitic, had ceased to operate. Hav
ing at the last session voted against the
proposed Constitutional amendment, lie
would now vote for it. He had no doubt
of the power to make the amendment in
the manner proposed. In ameuding it,
three-fourths of the States represent the
whole. The time has arrived to exerciso
this power. He believed that if Demo
cratic policy and measures had betn adop
ted, we should not now be engaged in war;
but in the late Presidential election, the
people had endorsed the anti-Slavery
issue. He was prepared to follow, thsni.
The question had been settled by the ver
dict of the people, and, so far as (he Na
tional Government was concerned, it was
not now a political issue. The adoption
of the amendment would tend to restore
all that is desirable to the prosperity of
the country. lie believed the best good
of the Democratic party would be enhanced
by the passage of the proposition, and that
it will open upT'way for its triumph in
the iuture. ' ' "
Mr. Brown (Wis.) spoke of the dan
gerous abuse of power of the amendment.
He had never been the apologist of Sla
very. He never thought that it would he
a permanent institution. If he lived in
Missouri or Kentucky, he should vote for
the abolition of Slavery therein; but as to
Congressional action on the subject, it
might be different. The question of Sla
very under the Constitution was reserved
to the States respectively wherein it ex
ists. In conclusion, he caused to be read
a substitute which he desired to submit,
providing that hereafter every sale and
transfer of slaves shall be void, and the
slaves shall become free, and, from and
after 1SS0, Slavery shall cease, 'and Con
gress shall give compensation for the ac
tual damage and loss suffered by loyal
citizens of the United States. '
31 r.'-Harding said truth and principle
never change, but men change, and lrom
time to time adopt opinions just as readily
as they change their garments. 'But he
would rather hold. on to the Constitution,
which was the only ark of safety. He
denied that there was any constitutional
power to deprive any State in the Union
of its local self-government. Kentucky
had been treated in bad faith. Not one
of the pledges made to her had been fal
filled. She had been betrayed, and now
it was sought suddenly to emancipate all
her slaves. The policy would result in
the destruction of the slaves, and the men
who proposed to carry it out had no more
love for the slaves than Satan has for sin
ners. Mr. IvALUFLoTScn opposed the proposi
tion. He maintained th:tt all our political
misfortunes are attributable to a disregard
of the Constitution. He had not learned
his Democracy from his inveterate enemies,
and he would not be instructed by them
now. This amendment, he contended, if
adopted, would stand in the way cf peace
negotiations and a reconstruction of the
Union. He said he should strive to uphold
and carry out tlie pledges which he had
made to protect and dcisud the Coustitu-'
tiou. Apart " from ihe "question of power
this was not ihc time to attempt an amend
ment of the Constitution in the manner
proposed. He denied that the result of
the Presidential election wa.s in favor of
abolishing Slavery everywhere. No such
issue was made "up in New York.
" The debate having closed, Mr. Ashley,
who had charge of the subject throughout,
demanded the previous question, which
was on the motion heretofore made by the
gentleman, to reconsider the vote of last
ses.-ion, by which the constitutional amend
ment was lo-t for the want of the requisite
Mr. Stiles moved that the motion to
reconsider be laid on the table.
This was decided in the negative yeas,
57; nays, 111.
The question was then taken on the
motion to reconsider, and it was decided
in the auirmative yeas, 112; nays, 57-
Mr. 31 a L lory raised the question that
a vote of two-thirds was reuiite to re
consider, but the Speaker overruled the
point, saying all motions of this kind were
governed by the rules. ' ,
3Ir. 3Iallory suggested a postponement
of the vote until to-morrow, saving that
several gentlemen , whowished . to record
their names were absent. Let the time
fur taking the question be fixed so that all
could have a fair warning. '.
3Ir. Ashley replied that it had been
universally understood that the question
was to be taken to-day. He had consented
to the extension of the debase even against
the protest of his friends. It came with
a very bad grace to ask for a postponement
of the vote, considering the courtesy he
had extended to the other side and the fair
Jlr. Brown (Wis.) asked the gentleman
to give way in order that he might offer a
substitute. . ,
3Ir.. Ashley said lie had one himself,
which he preferred to the Senate's propo
sition now before the House.
Mr. Eldridge Why do you not oCer
it? , .
3Ir. Ashley -"Because I will not pro
tract the proceedings!
The question was then taken on the
adoption of the following Senate joint
resolution, submitting to the Legislatures
of the several States, a proposition to
amend the Constitution of the United
Be it resolved by th Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of Amer
ica in Congress assembled, two-thirds of both
Ilouses concurring, hat the following Articles
be proposed to the Legislatures of the several
States ; when ratified by three-fourths cf said
Legislatures, shall be valid to all intents and
purposes as a part of the said Constitution,
namely: . -
Section I. Jseitheu Slavert nor ixvotrN
taey servitude except as a punishment for
crime, whereof the tarty shall have been
duly convicted, shall exist within the
United States, or any place subject to
their jurisdiction. ., . . ....
Section II. Congress sjiall have tower
TO ENFORCE THIS ARTICLE BY APPROPRIATE
Legislation. ' r
There was much confusion throughout
the proceedings, amid which the'Clerk
proceeded to call the roll on the passage
of the joint resolution. '
The Speaker said "Call my name as a
member of this House."
The name was accordingly called.
When the Speaker answered to the
name of Sen uylex Colfax, applause
followed his response, and also burst out
at other parts of the proceedings, which,
however, the Speaker checked, and, calling
the House to order, said he hoped a better
example would be set to preserve the dj
corum of the House".
Several members on the. Democratic side
of the IIcusc said those on the other side
were as noisy as the persons in the galler
Mr. Ganson, who had voted "no" on the
question of reconsidering the vote by
which the joint resolution was heretofore
lost, now voted "aye," and Messrs. lladford
and Steele, of New York, changed their
votes iu the same manner. These changes
gave rise to applause, which was promptly
The utmost interest was manifested
throughout the calling of the roll, and
there was strict attention on the part of
the members to their responses, for on the
previous vote to reconsider, two-thirds of
the members present had not voted in the
aSruiativc, but a large majority of the
members present had carried that tjuestion.
It wa3, therefore, somewhat doubtful
whether the pending joint resolution wo'd
The votes of 3Ir. Baldwin (Mich.,) and
the gentlemen above meutioned, however,
gave additional hope3 to the friends of the
When the calling of the roll was com
pleted, the Clerk proceeded to read the
names, first of , those who voted in the
aGrniaiive, and next of those who had
voted in the negative. The House was
now comparatively silent. The result of
the vote was noted cn a piece of paper and
handed by the Clerk to the Speaker, who
then announced the passage of the jiint'
resolution by a vote of 119 yeas against
Thereupon, rose a general shout of ap
plause. The members on the floor hazzaed
in chorus with deafening and equally em
phatic cheers of the throng iu the galler
ies. The ladies in the dense assemblage
waved. their handkerchiefs, and again and
again 'the applause was repeated, intermin
gled vith clapping of hands, and exclama
tions of "Hurrah for Freedom'" "Glory
enough for one day !" &c. The audience
were wildly excited, and the friends of the
measure jubilant. Never was a sceue of
such a character before witnessed in the
House of Representatives; 'certainly not
witnin tne jast century.
There was extensive hand-shakinsr and
congratulation in every direction. The
proceedings had attracted thousands of
persons of both sexes, and having been
brought to a close, those on the floor, who
had been admitted by the favor of the
members, and the occupants of the galler
ies, hastily departed.
- , THE VOTE.
The vote on the passage of the joint
resolution was as follows : ,
, Yeas. 119
Raid win. Mass.
Elair. West Va.
Drown, West Va.
Clark. New York.
Clark, New York
Davis, Xew York.
Dixon, R. I.
(Democrats 1G, in Italic.)
. King, Missouri.
Littlejohn, N. Y.
JIPAllistcr, Penna., -M'Bride,
Marvin, New York.
Miiler, New York.
Morris, New York.
yelson, New York.
Odell, New York.
Patterson, ts. II.
Pomeroy, N. Y.
Radford, New York.
Kollins, N. II.
Frank, New York.
Ganson, New York.
Griswold, New York
Herrick, New York.
Hotclikiss, N. Y.
Starr, New Jersey.
Steele, New York.
Thaj er, Penna.
Van Valkenburg, N.
YV ha ley, Vv est a.
nubbard, New York. " Vr'hcclcr, Wisconsin
Ingersoll, Illinois. .
Jenckes, II. I.
Kellogg, New York.
Nays, 5C all Democrats.
Wood bridge, Vt.
Discoveries- ii Secret,
Brooks, New York.
Chanler, New York.
Finck, Ohio. .
Kalbflebh, N. Y.
Kern an, New York.
Long, Ohio. -Mallory,
Perry. New Jersey.
Pruyn, New York.
Steele, New Jersey.
Stiles, Penna. .
Townsend, N. Y.
Wads worth, Kv.
Ward, New YJrk.
Winfield, New Yorlc.
Wood, New York.
Wood, New York. :
Absent or not voting, 8 all Democrats.
Lazear, Penna. M'Ki-unev, Ohio.
Le Blond, Ohio. ' Middleton, N. J.
Marcy, N. H. Rogers, N. J.
M'Dowell, Indiana. Voerhoes, Indiana.
Immediately after the final vote, a mo
tion to adjourn was made and carried,
and the scene was over.
TIae Words We Use.
Be simple, linaffected ; be honest in
vour speaking and writing. Never use a
long word where a short one will do.
Call a spade a spade, not. a well kne-wn
oblong instrument of manual industry ;
let home be a home, not a residence ; a
place a place, rot a locality ; and so of the
rest. Where a short word will do, you
always lose by using a long one. You
lose -in clearness, you lose in honest ex
pression of your meaning; and, iu the
estimation of all men who arc competent
to judge, you lose in reputation for ability.
The only true way to shine, even in this
false world, is to be honest and unassu
ming. Falsehood may be a very thick
crust, but in the course of time truth will
find a place to break through. Llogance
of language may not be in the power of
all of us, but simplicity and straightfor
Write much as you would speak ; speak
as you think. If with your interior, speak
no coarser than usual; if with your supe
rior, speak ho finer. Be what 'you say,
and, within the rules of prudeuce, say
what you are. Avoid all oddity of ex
pression. No one was ever a gainer by
singularity of words or pronunciation.
The truly wise man will so speak that no
one. will observe how he speaks. A man
may show great knowledge of chemist
by carrying about bladders of strange
gases to breathe, but he will enjoy better
health, and find more time for business,
who lives on common air.
-When I hear a person use a queer ex
pression, and pronounce a name in reading
differently from his neighbor, the habit
always goes down on the side of deficit, not
of credit. Avoid, likewise, all slang words
There is no greater nuisance in society
than a talker of slang. It is only fit (when
innocent, which it seldom is,) for raw
schoolboys and one term freshmen to as
tonish their sisters with. Talk as sensible
men talk, use the easiest word in their
commonest meaning. Let tho scn?e con
veyed, not the vehicle in which it is con
veyed, be your subject of attention.
Once more, avoid ia conversation all
singularity of accuracy. One of the bores
of society is the bore who is always setting
you right; who, when you report from the
paper that 10,000 men fell in some battle,
tells you that it was 0,009; who, when
3'ou describe your walk as two miles out
and back, assures you that it lacked half
a furlong of it. . Truth does not consist in
unnc accuracy of detail, but in convey
ing a right impression ; and there are
vague way3 of t-pcaking which are truer
that strict fact would be. Always re
member this. Dean Afford.
The lodge of I. O. O. F , at 31, de
termined to have their lodge room done up
clean and nice, and it was unanimously
resolved that 3irs. K. should be hired to
do -tho job. : (
After the ledge adjourned, the guardian,
who knew the kquisitlve character of 3I?s.
K , procured rr biliy-goat' and placed him
in a closet. He then informed the lady
of the wishes of the lodge, and said he
wished her to come early next morning, a3
ha would then be at leLuri to showher
what wa3 and what wa not to be donc-'-
Morning came and brought with it 3Ir?.
K., with broom, brushes, pails, tubs, &c.,
prepared and aimed for the job, and tho
guardian waiting for her arrival.
"Now, madue," said he, "I'll tell you
what r.e want done, and how we came to
employ you. " The brothers said it was
dbiicalt to get any one to do the job, and
not meddle with the secrets in that little
closet. We have lost the key, and can't
find it to lock iho door.' T assured them
that yen could be depended cn."
"Defended on I" said she, "I : guess I
can. ,31y noor dead. and goce husband,
wbo belonged to the Free 3Iasons or the
AiAt Masons, I don't know which, used to
tell me all the secrets of the concern, and
when he showed me the marts ihn rm7
I iron made when he was iciriatpd nnrWnM
! me, how tney fixed poor Morgan, I never
oia a n ing soul to tins day. And if no
body troubles your cbsc t to find out secrets
till I do, they'il iay there till thev rot so
they will." . '
"I thought eo' said the Eruardian. "and
now I want you to commence in that cor
ner and -ive the rcom a decent cleaning,
and I have pledged niy word and honor
for the fidelity cf your premise; ind now
don't go into that eio.,et,;' and then he left
the lady to herself. ..
2j sooner. had she heard the sound of
his foot on the h,t step r.f thf stairs than
she cxvlairned: 'Don't go into that closet!
I'll' warrant '.here -is a gridiron or soma
nonsense, jut iike the Auti .Masons for all
the world, FH be bound. Fil just take a
peep, and nobody will be any the wiser, as
1 can keep it to myself."
Suiting the i c ion (o the word, she
stepped lightly to tho forbidden 'closet
turnd:the button. when the billy-coat,
wiih a great .-r iiog to regain liberty, came
near upsetting her ladyship. Both started
for ihj do..r, but it was full of implements
for house cleaning, and all were swer t clear
frorn their portion down to the bottom.
..The noise and onfr-sion occasioned by
such unceremonious coming down stairs,
drew ha!f the town to whiles Mrs. K.'a
efforts to get from the pile of pails, tubs,
brooms and brushes, into The street.
Who should be first to the spot but the
rascally guardian, who, after releasing the
goat, which was a cripple for life, and up
liiting the rubbish that bound the good
woman to earth, nnxiousiy inquired if she
had been taking the decree.
"Taking, the degrees !" exclaimed the
lady. "If you call tumbling from the top
to the bottom cf the stairs, seared to death,
taking things by. 'degrees, I have them,
and if you frighten folks as you have
;ue, and hurt them to boot, 111 warrant
that they will make as much noise as I
''I hope you did not oren the closet,
madame," said the guardian.
"0,-en the closet! Kvn ate the apolo
when she was forbidden ! If you want a
Woman to do anything, tell her not to do
it, and she'll do it certain. I could not
stand the temptation. I wanted to know
it, so I opened the door, and cut popped
the tarnal critter right in my face, and I
thought I was a goner, and broke for tho
stairs, with Satan butting me at every
jump I fell over the tub, and got down
stairs as you found u?, all iu a heap."
"But, madame' said the guardian, "a-
you are in possession cf the great secret of
the order, you mut go up and be initiated
ia the rcgu! ir way."
'JU'gular way '. ' exclaimed she, "and do
you fupporc 1 am gulug through the tar
nal place ag?in, and ride that critter with
out Middle or briJie ? No, sir, never. I
d.-mt want nothing to do with the man
who rides it. I'd lock uiee on a billy-0at
wouldn't I? No, never! I'll never -o
nigh it ag in, nor into your hall, neither
and if I can bo!r it. no Ivh- cK.,ii
,v i 1 ' ; -" ever
join tne Oad Iclor;.. Wt.r IM .u
join tue x roe Aiasons, and be fried on a
gnu, ion as long as lire could be kept un
der it, and be pulled from the garret to
the cellar with a halter, jt as mv poor
dead husband was, for he lived over it, but
I never could outlive such another ride as
I took to-day."
o A man came into a r.rintin
to borrow a newspaper. "Because, ' 6aid
he, "we like to read newspapers very
nm-jh, but our neighbors are all too con
foundedly stingy to take on