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title: 'The Ebensburg Alleghenian. (Ebensburg, Pa.) 1865-1871, July 04, 1867, Image 1',
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TnnD IltTTCIIIXSOaT, Editor.
rf?f E. IlX'TCimrsoa', Publisher.
".,f nf TTTrrrr t n n .
1 Ay Law, Ebensburg, Pa.
JOflN"-FENLON, Attorney at Law,
j?0ce opposite the Bank. jan24
&E0SGE M. READE, Attorney at
Law, Ebensburg, Pa.
t i t- r n
FT. 'lliiii-Mui, Attorney ac .Law,
. Ebensburg, Cambria county, Pa.
... . . j . -n r: o
"Uuice in uoionnaae xu. ju-t
T0I1NSTON & SCANLAN, Attorneys
,) at Law, Ebensburg, Pa.
-g-OfSce opposite tbe Court House.
, iTjohsstox. jan24 J. e. scanlax.
TIMES C EASLY, Attorney at Law,
) rtrrolltown, vamoria county f ra.
v bitectural Drawings and Specifi-
T . v i Iff I Tnn A a a. A
fr A. fitlUri.u Aivjii, .attorney ai
, Law, Ebensburg, Pa.
ps.-'icalar attention paid to collections.
jeTOtfice one door east of Lloyd fc Co.'s
:i;nj House. jan24
xMTTVT. J1T.I.rTO A tr.irr.pv nt
J Law. Ebensburg, Pa. OtSce on High
west of Foster's Hotel. , .
V.'.'.l practice in tbe Courts of Cambria ana
' .,'iirf rnnntif-i.
".ivS ."?tnJs also to the collection of claims
iilers against tbe Government. jan24
ni nil(;i: W. OAT 31 AN, Attorney at
J Li- and Claim Agent, Ebensburg,
i county, l a.
Pensions, Back Pay and County, and
Vv...'..--y Claims collected. Real Estate
c-"i sc! J. and payment of Taxes at
"r C :-. Y. rok Accounts. Note3, Due Bills,
y'jl'-xer.:;. collected. Deeds, Mortga
ge?, JiTecsK-nts, Letters of Attorney, Bonds,
r.ea:.r written, and all legal business
irtful.'v "attended to. Pensions increased,
l:i i :.; jalized Bounty collected. Qan24
fP J. WATERS, Justice of the Peace
JJj and Scrivener.
tsf OSce adjoining dwelling, on High St.,
: ezsburg, Pa. JfebT-Cm
IT KINKEAD, Justice or the Peace
and Claim Agent.
fcj-Uir.ce removes '.o me om.ee xormerij
:.; icd by M. llasson, Esq., on High street,
ctsburg Pa. jan3l-6m
DEYEREAUX, M. D., Physician
I and Surceon, Summit, Pa.
J Office east cf .Mansion House, on Rail
it street. Night calls promptly attended
j, ti cflice. may23
Dr. D. W. ZmcLF.n, having opened an
ce in the rooms over It. U. Thomas' store,
fers his professional services to the citizens
Ebensburg and vicinity. apl8-4m
IL The undersiened, Graduate of the Bal-
icre College of Dental Surgery, respectfully
T3 his professional services to the citizens
Ebensburg. He has spared no means to
'.aroughly acquaint himself with every iru--jTtment
in his art. To many years of per
zi experience, Lc has sought to add the
-pjTte i experience of the highest authorities
i Dentil Science. He simpiy asks that an
t'cr.ur.ity iaay be given for his work to
V-i lis own praise.
SAMUEL CELFUUU, U. D. S.
- 'j: i'roi". C. A. Harris ; T. E. Bond,
; ". i;..:uly ; A. A. Blandy. P. H. Aus-
o, c o.i.timore College.
fc?" Will beat Ebensburg on the fourth
cf each month, to stay one wiek.
i::.iry 21, 18G7.
LUYD & CO., Hunkers
ILi EBE'crito, Pa.
&-" Goli, Silver, Government Loan3 and
ur Securities bought and sold. Interest
ei en Tire Deposits. Collections made
ill cecessiUe points in the United States,
a livr-ercl P-ar.kicg Business transacted,
famary 2t. li'JT.
"XT M. LLOYD & Co., Bankers
'T Altooxa. Pa.
I'rr.frs on the principal cities, and Silver
Uo'i fur sale. Collections made. Mon-
fnctived on deposit, payable on demand,
r rates. nan24
K . Mnvi I'rr' jnH i.i.ftvn. f?ti1.i?T
(plRST NATIONAL 13 A NIC
g o rERXJirxr a Graver,
ESIGSATED BEPOSITORY OF THE UNI
TKI STATES. "
'a-T r-,otnorV rpiniaand Acnie 8ts:.North
ard, Altooua, Paf.
I'.crHORrzrD Capita. $300,000 00
a i-AfUAL VAIV IS 150.1,00 CO
A'l business pertaining to Banking done on
'ernal Revenue Stamps of all denomina
1 a.ways on bnnd.
To purchasers of Stamp?, percentage, in
,.ps, w;U be allowed, as follows : 30 to
, - J, per cent. ; $10C to $200, 3 per cent.
-J find upwards, 4 per cent. fian2
Successor of It. S. Bunn
RY x v n P 7 x- f 5 .' " VL-
U rLfiP0aES, PATENT MEDICINES, &c.
Cap, and Note Papers,
Pens, Pencils, Superior Ink,
And other articles kept
Vi v rF-T-i.r-,-. i ,
. . -j "t6w generally.
0V-n V'W" cartfully compounded.
JatTAc r. v "fi"HB me jioun
ouse, Eoensburg, Pa. rjan24
P SFIARRETTS DYSERT, 2fof
7 r- ' , "-namnraz l'axntingt Grain-
V.r uU euuri nonce, and eatis-
HfnarAnUe Sh in tasemVnt of
HOE STORE I SHOE STORE ! !
The subscriber bega leave to inform the
people of Ebensburg that he has just received
from the East and has now opened out, at
his etore-room, the
LARGEST ako BEST ASSORTMENT
OF "WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S
BOOTS asd SHOES OF ALL KINDS I .
ever brought to town. The stock was made
expressly to order by the
BEST SHOE MANUFACTORY IN PHIL A.,
the subscriber having gone to the trouble
and expense of visiting that city especially
to order it. The work iswarraated not to
rip if it rips, it will be
REPAIRED FREE OF CHARGE!
A visit to hi3 establishment will satisfy any
one that he can not only sell a better arti
cle than & competitors, but that he can
CHEAPER'TIIAN THE CHEAPEST I
He also continues to manufacture Boots
and Shoes to order, on short notice and in
the most workmanlike style.
A VERY SUPERIOR LOT or REAL
FRENCH CALF SKINS ON HAND!
s3" Stand one door east of Crawford's
Hotel, High street, and immediately oppo
site V. S. Barker's store.
feb21 JOHN D. THOMAS.
SADDLERY AND HARNESS !
The undersigned kesp3 constantly on
hand and i3 still manufacturing all articles
in his line, such as '
FINE SINGLE AND DOUBLE HARNESS,
ELIND BRIDLES, RIDING BRIDLES,
nALTERS, "WHIPS, BRICHBANDS, tc, 4c.
All which he will dispose of at low prices
His work is all warranted, and being expe
rienced in the business, he uses only the best
of leather. Thankful far past favors, he
hopes by attention to business to merit a
continuance of the patronage heretofore so
liberally extended to him. jan24
Shop above the store of E. Hughes k Co.
Persons wishing good and substantial Harness
can be accommodated. HUGH A. M'COY.
VALUABLE REAL ESTATE FOR
The subscriber offers at private sale the
Farm on which he now resides, situate in
Cambria Township, Cambria county, con
taining about 50 acres, nearly all ot which
are cleared, and having thereon erected a
Two-story Frane Dwelling House, a new
Frame Barn, and all the necessary Outbuild
ings. There is a good Orchard on the Farm,
and an excellent Well of Water at the kitch
en door. Only five minutes' walk from the
Railroad Depot. Terms moderate, and title
indisputable. Apply to the undersigned on
the premises, or address
apll.3m Ebensburg, Pa,
WOMAN'S WORK IN THE CIVIL
T f WAR. A work of real value, absorb
ing interest and universal popularity. The
press and literary people everywhere commend
and endorse it. It records the consecrated
work of woman in organized and united effort,
and the names of nearly C00 of our country's
noblest women, with what they did for hu
manity and for the nation in its darkest hour3.
Beautiful steel portraits of a number of these
ladies adorn, the work, and it i3 acknowledged
to be one of the finest works ever published.
Clergymen, Teachers, Experienced Agents,
and Ladies will find it to their advantage to
canvass for this work. Address ZEIGLER,
M'CURDY i CO., 5cl Chestnut st, Philadel
delphia, Pa. jel3-3m
LIME! LIME 1 LIME!
Farmers, look to your Interests !
The subscriber is now prepared to furnish
any quantity of good fresh
By the car-load of 300 bushels, at the follow
ing prices :
ESs" 5 cents per bushel, or $15.00 per car,"
.LOADED AT THE BANK.
Also, Building Lime in any quantity at
All orders will be promptly attended to.
Address MTM. H. CAN AN,
apll-3m El Dorado, Bliir county, Pa.
ATEW CHEAP CASH STORE ! !
The subscriber would inform the eitizens
of Ebensburg and vicinity that he keeps con
Stantlv on hand everything in the
GROCERY AND CONFECTIONERY
line, such as Flour, Tea, Coffee, Sugar, all
kinds of Crackers, Cheese, Smoking and
Chewing Tobacco, Cigars, &c.
CAXXED rE AGUES AND TOU170ES!
Also, Buckskin and Woolen Gloves, Wool
en Socks, Neck ties, &c., all of which will be
6old as cheap if not cheaper than elsewhere.
A full assortment of Candies !
JDSr Ice Cream every evening. -jan24
R. R. THOMAS. .
COAL! COAL! COAL !
The subscriber is now carrying on the
Colliery of Win. Tiley, Sr., at Lily Station,
on the Pennsylvania Railroad, Cambria coun
ty, and will be glad to fill all orders, to any
amount, of citizens of Ebensburg and vicin
ity. Satisfaction as to quality of Coal guar
antied in all cases. WM. TILEY, Jr.
Hemlock P. O., Jan. 24, 1867.
RICKS ! BRICKS I BRICKS !
The JOHNSTOWN MANUFACTURING
CO. have constantly on hand and for sale at
very lout prices, a superior article of
COMMON and PRESSED BRICK!
XST Special rates of freight t6 all points
On the Penna. Railroad- Address
O. N. RAMSEY, Supt.,
May 9-era. Johnstown, Pa.
OK. CURTAIN FIXTURE.
Has no superior in the world 1 Is
pronounced faultless by all who have seen it.
It is predicted it will supersede all other
Curtain Fixtures now in use.
IS? For ial br Q. HUNTLEY,
msr2l . Ebntmr, Pa.
I WOULD RATHER BE RIGHT THAN PRESIDENT. Hskrt Clay.
EBENSBXJRG, PA., THURSDAY, JULY
FOURTH OF JULY, 1826.
ORATION DELIVERED IN EBENSBURG ON
INDEPENDENCE DAY, 1826, BY
MOSES CANAN, Esq.
Fjellow-Citizens : Fifty years have
passed half a century has rolled away
since the cages ot America proclaimed to
the world that these United btates should
be free and independent. That which
our statesmen dared to proclaim, our sol
diers ventured to support. They fought
-they bled they conquered. Tbe genius
of man, which had long been shackled by
the thralaom of tyranny, expanded into
power ; and Freedom then shone forth in
all its brightness of beauty.
The favor of my fellow-citizens has
conferred upcu me the pleasing duty of
proclaiming, on this day of jubilee, from
the heights of the Alleghanies, that
America is yet free ; that after the lapse
of fty years, our wise institutions have
been found efficient to distribute happiness
and prosperity to this widely extended
community; that our Constitution, founded
in wisdom and supported by virtue, is
sufficiently energetic without the aid of
kingly power or hereditary grandeur;
that a representative Republican govern
ment, where the rights of all are equally
protected, and where every person has his
due proportionate weight, is sufficient to
regulate millions of lreemen.
My pleasure on tbe present occasion is
much increased when I look around me
and observe the kind of audience I address.
Not only native Americans, but emigrants
from England, from Ireland, from Wales,
from Scotland, from Germany, are listen
ing to my voice We have met together
as friends and fellow-citizens ought
divested of all party rancour and national
enmity to celebrate one of the greatest
events in the history of man the birth
day of a free nation. I hope we all come
deeply impressed with gratitude to the
Great Disposer of all events, who has cast
our lot in a land cf religious and civil
libcrtywhere all are equally protected in
their conscience, in their life, their liberty,
their character, and their property.
It also gives me much pleasure to see
this little band cf hoary veterans, whose
exertions in early life were devoted to the
cause of their country, and who have
survived the wreck of time lonz enouzh
to see the perfection of those free institu
tions for which they contended. j
Defenders of your country ! companions
of the brave in arms ! how exquisite must
bo your pleasure, and that of your few
surviving compatriots, who are now con
vened in various parts of the United
States to celebrate this anniversary of In
dependence, when you reflect that you
contributed a part in procuring freedom
for your country; you have now seen the
experience of half a century successfully
tried on the genius, the virtue and dispo
sition of the people of the United States;
you have found that liberty is congenial
to them, and that they prosper under its
auspices ; you are now but a small rem
nant of that heroic band who shielded the
rights of your country, and opposed their
breasts as a bulwark against tyranny.
Your country owes you a vast debt of
gratitude. It has, it is true, permitted
many of its defenders to descend to the
grave in poverty. I hope that better
feelings will dictate a better course, and
that the declining years of those few sol
diers of the Revolution who remain may
be made comfortable by that wealth which
their exertions, their blood, their sacrifi
ces gained to their country. Those men
who gained our Independence, who fought
Lout the fight of liberty, deserve the great
est praise. They acted nobly under the
most discouraging circumstances. They
were exposed to every possible hardship.
They were badly fed, badly clothed, and
badly paid. Frequently, they had no
raiment sufficient to defend them from
the winter storm. They often marked
their steps with blood upon the frozen
soil. But under all those difficulties,
they struggled on, and gained their coun
try's freedom the great object of'their
It is not my intention to enter into a
detailed account of the early situation of
the affairs of America, of the rise and
progress of those causes which led to the
Revolution, and of the many battles, diffi
culties and hardships which attended the
arduous struggle that finally terminated
in the freedom of our country. Although
the subject would be one in which your
feelings would be deeply interested, yet I
could not expect your indulgence long
enough to describe it. Tho extended
length of the day, at this season, would
be too short for the purpose. The sun
would descend below yonder horizon be
fore the tale could half be told.
From the earliest settlement of the col
onists in America, they had many dangers
and difficulties to encounter. Driven by
oppression from their native land, they
entered upon the arduous task of reducing
the wilderness to a state of cultivation,
and of either conciliating the Aborigines
of the country, or of resisting their at
tacks. Removed a great distance from
the rest of civilized man, and navigation
being then in an imperfect state, they en
joyed but little opportunity of foreign aid
Six old men who had ben soldiers of the
RtTolutioa wer sitting near, tbe speaker.
or support Some few whom the same
causes had forced to brave the same dan
gers occasionally joined the first emigrants.
.f In process of time, from the unremitted
industry of our hardy ancestors, the wil
derness became checkered with cultivated
fields j and cities and towns arose upon tho
margins of our bays and rivers. "The
busy hum of commerce" commenced; and
happiness and prosperity began to dawn
in our land. This state of prosperitv
aroused the jealousy of the mother country.
The British ministry, either willing to
fill their coffers, which had been drained
jy the long wars in which the nations had
been engaged, or dreading the increase of
power, and resolving to humble and de
press in infamy that strength which after
wards made their lion to crouch and
tremble in his den, imposed upon the
colonists the taxations and burden, and
inflicted the indignities, which are so
feelingly complained of, and so well de
scribed, in the Declaration of our Inde
pendence, which has been read to you.
The cupidity of the British ministry
was frustrated by the firmness of tho
American people by the self-denial of
those luxuries to which they had been
fcr a while accustomed, and which they
had begun to considar as necessary for
their comfort. A due sense of the inju
ries they were suffering, and of the ille
gality of the impositions to which they
had been subjected, aroused their appre
hension and awakened their pride. A
fixed resolution to resist the march of
tyranny dictated the non-intercourse and
non-importation acts. A firm and general
resolve not to use nor to buy tho merchan
dise of England pervaded almost every
breast. Even ladies who had been used
to all the finery of luxurious extravagance,
cheerfully sumitted to the scanty and rude
supply which the then infant state of our
After having endured sufferings and
indignities beyond measure after the
cup of humiliation had been drained to
the very dregs after every appeal to the
feelings and the justice of the mother
country had beer iu vain made, the resort
to arms was had. The God of Hosts was
invoked, and the energies ot the country
were brought into action, in defense of
invaded right. 'Our fathers rose with
giant strength and burst the shackles of
bondage. The struggle was long and
arduous, but patriotism inspired the breasts
love of Liberty nerved the arms and
Washington, under the auspices of a
benign Deity, directed the destinies of
When we consider the comparative
strength of Great Britain and America at
the commencement of the Revolution we
are tilled with astonishment at the bold
ness of that bravery which dared to resist
in what appeared almost a hopeless strug
gle, almost the effect of unthinking des
peration. Great Britain was then one of
tbe mosc powerful cations on earth. Her
navies were ridiDg triumphant on every
ocean. Her armies were marching to sure
victory wherever the safety of the country
or the ambition of the Ministry directed
them. Proud of the talents and bravery
of bcr naval and military officers, strong
in the number and discipline of her armies,
and, although immensely in debt, yet
powerful in. resources, she considered our
opposition as a mere Pjgniean resistance,
ono that she looked upon with contempt,
as easily to be put down by the mere
f rown3 of her gigantic power. The Amer
icans were destitute of a navy and an army.
They wero almost destitute of officers
experienced in the arts of war, and they
were destitute of the necessary funds for
carrying it on. An undisciplined militia
had to oppose the prowess of veteran
troops unused to defeat. But the recol
lection of their wrongs, and certain misery
if defeated, inspired the Americans with
irresistible bravery and herculean strength.
Although the times were fearful and
gloomy, yet few deserted the cause of
their country. We had but one Arnold.
Heaven averted the consequences of his
treachery ; and the contempt of the world
has followed him.
At first, but few dared to hope for In
dependence. The opposition was consid
ered by many as only the means of procu
ring redress of the grievances under which
they labored. Such men as Patrick Henry
only looked forward with a prophet's eye
to tho future destinies ot their country ;
and by the irresistible power of their
eloquence prepared the minds of the
people for the pang of political separation
from the mother country.
When Independence was proclaimed,
an almost universal burst of approbation
followed. The spirit of resistance spread
over the whole country. The people knew
that the Rubicon had been passed, that
there was no safe retreat, that they must
support the Declaration, or sink into an
abject state of subjection. If our Revo
lution had failed, miserable would have
been the fate of at least the leaders of that
time. They would have suffered all the
punishment annexed to the crime ot trea
son in the sanguinary penal code of
England. Like the illustrious Emmet,
the youthful Hero of Ireland, our beloved
Washington would have been dragged to
an ignominious death, for having dared to
defend the rights of his country. But
Heaven directed otherwise Washington
lived to see his country free to enjoy
the blissingi of his countrymen, and the
highest honors they cculd confer; and
died in'a good old age, lamented by their
tears, leaving a character as a soldier, a
statesman and a man, unequalod by any
in any age.
But, my fellow-citizens, although our
heroes were clothed with honor in the war
of the Revolution, yet it is from their
conduct in the day of peace, and from the
result of their glorious struggle that they
are entitled to the greatest praise.
After having achieved the freedom of
the country after its Independence was
acknowledged by the King of England,
they, with their beloved and almost
idolized Chief, retired -to the shades ot
private life to enjoy that peace and liber
ty which their valor had gained. It is no
little praise to them that, after having so
long endured so many privations, they
retired without compensation and without
murmuring. Our leaders were men, un
ambitious, and with their soldiers firmly
devoted to the best interests of their coun
tr.y. e ka no daring Caesar no am
bitious Cromwell no aspiring Bonaparte,
who, under pretense of giving freedom to
their country, made use of the confidence
and devotion of their soldiers to throw
around it the chains of their own tyranny.
After peace was obtained, the people of
the different States adopted a regular sys
tem of Government. Constitutions were
formed by which their internal concern?
were regulated; whilst the whole were
harmoniously uuited by the Constitution
of the General Government the work of
the sages of our land one of the greatest
efforts of the human mind an instrument
calculated to perpetuate the blessings of
free Government one sufficiently power
ful to protect the interests of the country,
and sufficiently guarded to prevent an in
fraction of tho rights of the citizens.
This Constitution contains within itself
a provision for amendment, when tho ex
perience of time or the exigency of tbe
country demands if. This provision re
quires such deliberate examination of the
evil and of the remedy as will at all times
secure the country from tho rash decision
of political excitement.
Under this Constitution, our country
has prospered and flourished. Our com
merce has been extended to every part of
the globe. Our ships float upon every
sea. Our national character ha3 been
established ona high standing among the
nations of the earth, and our flag is re
spected by all.
The wise policy which has lately been
pursued, of placing our country in a proper
state of defense, will, it is to be hoped,
prevent any future insults to our national
the commencement of the war of 1812
were the result ot our want of preparation.
We had been lulled by a long peace into
a fancied security, and when we should
have been ready to act with effectjWe had
only begun to prepare. But when proper
arrangements bad been effected, and tbe
power of tho country brought into opera
tion, our national character was retrieved,
and feats of valor were performed worthy
of the successors of the heroes of tho Rev
olution. Peace is the best situation for a repub
lic; and the best way to procure peace is
to be prepared for war. And the surest
mode of preventing an insult is the exhi
bition of the power to resist it. The
numerous fortresses which have been erec
ted the education which is now given to
j ouths at our military academies and the
spirit which animates the volunteers of
tho country, will render us at all times
impregnable to foreign force, without in
curring the exnense and the danger of an
extensive standing army. Let proper cn
ccuragemeut be given to volunteer corps
let them be enabled to meet frequently
for exercise and improvement, and an ef
fective force of citizen soldiers will be
always at the command of theGovernment,
sufficient"to execute the laws of the Union,
suppress insurrection, and repel invasion"
Among the blessings which have arisen
from the freedom of our government may
be reckoned the spring and encouragement
which have been given to industry and to
every kind of improvements. The People,
knowing that their rights will be protec
ted, that whatever property or wealth they
acquire will not be wrested from them by
the grasping hand of tyranny, proceed
with animation and confidence in all their
When the storm of the Revolution had
blown over, and the calm of peace had re
turned, a system of improvement commen
ced, which has been gradually increasing.
Within that comparatively short period,
great changes have beea made on the face
of the country; the wilderness ha3 been
made to "blossom as the rose;" cities,
towns, and cultivated fields are f pread over
the whole United States. Immense ter
ritories have been acquired from the In
dians and from foreign powers; not by
conquest and the effusion of blood, but by
purchase at a fair and adequate price.
Those territories have rapidly increased in
population, and some of them are now
formed into States, enjoying equal rights
and privileges with the original States.
Within fifty years the number of States
united under the same Constitution has
increased from thirteen to twenty-four.
I hail with pleasing anticipation the
time when our whole eountry will be in
tersected by Canals, Railways, and Turnpike-roads,
as the eure6t means of binding
TSRMS:300 1EK- ANXVM-
S2.00 IX ADVAXCE,
NUMBER 24. r
together the whob American People, by
the indissoluble ties cf commercial inter
course and reciprocal interest. That such .
will be the result of the spirit of improve
ment which has lately arisen amoug us, '
there is little reason to doubt. The object
to bo gained is great, and the means of
accomplishing it are ample. But a few
years will pass before every practicable
improvement of this kind will bo attempt
ed; and there is no impiety in venturing
the assertiou that the ingenuity and puwer
of free man ii sufficient to remove every
obstruction, and to break down every bar- -rier
which nature has interposed between
the different sections of the country. "
Among the blessings of a free govern-
ment, that of an untrammeled Press is not
the least. "The Press is the freeman's
guard the tyrant's foe." I hold it to
be a sound opinion that the laws are
best administered when the conduct and
actions of those who administer them are
open to public examination and public
scrutiny. Our rulers hold their stations,
not by hereditary right, but by the free
choice of the people ; and as by tho fre
quency of election they are often brought
to the bar of public opinion, it is essential
that that opinion should be formed from
full and correct information. This infor
mation a free Press can best give.. In
proportion to the - necessity of correct
public information ought to bo the pun
ishment and disgrace of those who abuse
the freedom of the Press by inculcating
slanders and unfounded reports injurious
to the character of individuals in either a
public or private capacity.
The encouragement given to the incu
bation of useful knowledge has increased
the number of daily and weekly newspa
pers in the United States beyond all ex
ample in any other country. It is little
more than a century eince tbe first Print
ing Press was established in America.
At the commencement of the Revolution,,
there were very few newspapers, and they
were confined in their circulation princi
pally to our commercial cities. Now, in
addition to numerous literary journals,
daily and weekly newspapers are issued
from almost every county, town, and
principal village in the Uniou thus
widely diffusing knowledge and useful
information of every kind,
gives to us "the passing
tidings of th
times." It is a valuable and cheap book
for our children. It amuses and instruct
and perhaps more than anything else gives
to them a taste for reading, and for seek
ing after useful information. Nothing
but absolute poverty should prevent any
father of a family from taking at least one
newspaper, conducted with a view to ra
tional amusement and general instruction.
In a free government, education is en
couraged, and many inducements are of
fered for the promotion of learning. In
the government of the old world, where
hereditary right prevails, "any titled
blockhead may wear a crown ;" but hero
it generally requires education and talent
to give promotion, and good conduct to
insure its continuance.
The hypercritics of England have af
fected to contemn the talent of American,
and have asserted with all the pomp of
pride, that that etherial spirit which con
stitutes true genius becomes stagnant un
der the influence of the American climate ;
that on our soil "fancy sickens and genius
dies." Their self-important and fastidious
travelers give to our customs and manners
a false coloring and a wilfully perverted
description. They despise those simple
habits which the genius cf our govern
ment requires, and which we would not
exchange for all the gorgeous drapery of
European fashions. It is true that prior
to the war cf tho Revolution, there were
few instances of extensive education, and
few memorials of learning remain. The
people of America were then engaged in
those pursuits which were necessary for
tho support of life, and are incident to tho
settlement of a new country. Their ne
cessities confined them to a close pursuit
of agriculture, of commerce and the me
chanical arts, except when called upon to
defend their lives and their property from
tho cruelly provoked but ruthless savage ;
or when called to aid the mother country
in her wars with France. These wars,
however bloody and disastror.3 their events,
ought to be considered as real blessings
to the country. It was here that the first
rudiments of war were acquired by tha
hardy ycomtnry of America, which after
wards enabled them to withstand the
numbers and the discipline of the British
armies. In this school Washington was
taught. It was here that Putnam and
some few of the early defenders of our
country acquired their military knowledge.
Are Americans destitute of genius
Are they deficient in the talents which
adorn peace or are necessary for war T
Let the people of England answer these
questions. Their palaces are dv "--
from the artillery of Heaven by the
of Franklin, and adorned by the pencil oi
West. They have been taught the true
idiom and eoustruction of their language
by Lindlcy Murray. The notes of their
mammoth bank have been engraved by
Perlcins. Their waters are covered with
steam vessels, the invention of Fulton, and
Irving and Cooper re now rivaling hair
"great unknown" in works of genius and
Tho Congress of the United States ia
Conctud:d on fourth pa$t.