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LEWI S B U 1 G ' ' : C H I Q N IC L
H. C. HICKOK, Editor.
0. N. WORSEN, Printer. j
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O. X. WORDEX. Printer and Publisher.
We havo Wandered.
ax juris nostar.
t'-ic Fa'hrr ! we have wandered
Far, far away from Thee.
Where pleasure threw around us
Its poisoned witchery ;
We wandered, all unknowing.
Along a crowded way..
Not feeling and not eating
How far our fret might stray.
Our Father ! we would seek Thee,
Our only safe retreat.
And, weary of our wandering.
Would kneel before thy feet
tfad, sick at heart, and grieving
For all our former sin,
W e ask Thy grace to give u.
A conscience pure w ithin.
We ask of Thee, our Father !
Through all our future way,
Tu grant to us Thy guidance
I.est yet again we stray ;
May we have wisdom given.
And strength to lead us on,'
'fill, life'a drear journey ended.
We stand hefuro Thy throne !
To tut Editor of the Letiitbuz-g Vhruniclt .-
The accompanying article fr:m an Has
tern paper, alludes to an important subject,
and well worthy the attention of all the
Tax-Paying Citizens of the older Siatcs.
It is the interest of our Editors and of all
public men to settle our own Forests, and
improve our own Soil, and develope every
resource of our own Uommonwealih, rather
than to exend their e (Forts in bringing to
notice and advancing the interests of other
States and People. What would you say,
Mr. Editor, if your subscribers should all
recommend a foreign paper, nc better than
your own, in preference to it ' and what
would our merchants and mechanics say.
( vtn ckmiM itii. onnd and wftrea rif
.. j- t,.-jf s
a neighboring town, over their own ? All
would condemn such a course as impolitic
as being unjust to each other. But on
a broader scale, how much more impolitic
and unjust for Pennsylvania papers to be
continually copying, gratuitously, adver
tisements of lands and towns away off in
Indiana or Iowa ! What is the effect of
such notices but to entice away from us
the young and enterprising, with their
itroug hands.and all taking with them more
or less gold ! Capital and labor are thus
lot to us and those are two things neces
sary to the prosperity of a State. This
migratory spirit runs fast into discontent
und utithriltiness ; and nine out of ten of
those who do well at the West, would have
been quite as prosperous at home. Now,
Pennsylvania, with her vast and burden
some debt, has need of the aid of all her
children, and it is the interest and duty of;
all her Tax-Payers to keep at home her
men and money. Were this done, in ten
years Pennsylvania would be l ho first State
in the Union, and out of debt. Her Iron.
Coal, Manufacturing, Agricultural, and
r ..mLiHnn fnnakilitina nrr iinmpntp. Hill
AUIUUtil y -J ........... ,
as yet are not half developed. There are
millions of tons of iron and Coal not yet
uncovered thousands of mill-sites unoc
cupiedand untold acres of Farming land
yel covered with valuable Timber. Why
not use these sources of wealth nnd enjoy
ment, at home, instead of rambling to the
ends of the earth ! I.et our wilds be all
improved our poor lands better tilled
and our large Farms be sub-divided. Es
tablish and encourage Factories large and
small "sustain Home Industry" help
one another," and it will work well for us
all no mistake. Let us think about it.
Here in Union county, and in most of the
counties in Central and Northern Penn
sylvania, are abundant openings in a good
"limaie for almost any kind of business.
The Atlantic States not Fall.
, Liitell, in No. 310 ol his "Living Age,"
has re-published an article on the northern
wilderness in the State of New York. This
uninhabited district is situated in the nor
thern division of the State, bordering upon
Canada and Lake Champlain. " It is an
elevated plateau of 10,000 square miles,
including nearly all the counties of Essex,
Hamilton, and Warren, and parts of St.
Liwreaco.Clmton, Franklin and Herkimer.
It is larger than Vermont, and is about a
fifth purt of the whole State of New York."
I: is elevated some 1600 feel above tide.
water, and is about as capable of produc
tion as northern New England, and yet it
is at little known and cultivated as the
The district is watered principally by
the Raquetle river, which empties into the
river St. Lawrence, opposite lb. Isltnd of
Cornwall, in Can ido. A bill has recently
rmssed the Legislature of New York, ap
propriates 10 000 to improve the log
navigation" of this river.the present wealth
of the wilderness consisting in the lumber
of its immense forests. The Ogdonsburg
Kail-Road will carry the lumber to Lake
Champlain, and thence to B.iston or to
Alhany. It was represented to the com
mitteo of the New York Assembly, by
lumberers, that parity now stan l ready to
put 10.000.000 fret of lumber into the
river the coming season.
New England is not full of inhabitants.
A large portion of Maine is still an unde
veloped wilderness, with wealth untold.
Massachusetts, the most densely populated
of the New England Suites, is by no means
lull. If it has now 1,000,000 inhabitants,
it would support as many more, with the
increase of the leading branches of busin
ess. IV'w York has a plenty ol elbow
room. Whv. then, should so many o
West, because " there is no room at the
for tht Lrichburg Chronicle.
This is truly en age of wonders, and
curiosities : and no country can compete
with America in producing them. In the
size, form, and organization of human be-
i tngs, who have appeared on the stage in
regular succession, she has shown some
' strange specimens.
j Men have bwn born without arms, who
I have astonished the nations with the feats
they have performed with their ft el instead
of their hands.
The Siamese twins, who are tied, side
by Miie, with a cord of flesh, and are com
pelled to move together, whether sitting,
walking or standing still, have been the
curiosity of the world for years. These,
however, are residents, not natives, of our
Hut the Learned Blacksmith with an
almost superhuman intellect, who hat al
ready mastered about three score langua
ges, and is now astonishing the baslern
World is all American.
Then we have great Giants, who stretch
themselves several feel abeve the common
mass, and look dawn with pity upon the
Then comes General Tom Thumb, who
has been, and still is, the talk and admira
tion of millions. Hundreds of thousands
of dollars have been spent to get a peep at
him, and Kings and Queens have submis
sively bowed to the will of a young man
only twenty-two inches in height.
Time would fail to tell of Calvin Edson.
the "living skeleton" of Vermont, who,
though once a man of ordinary sice, lived
and moved with a person of less than fifty
pounds' weight or of Mr. Cornelius, of
Milford, Pike Co., Pa., who weighed some
And lastly comes Mr. James H. Sharp.
who recently visited us, and who has an
unprecedented vocal power, seeming like!
an organ in his lungs ! He will throw all
the rest into the shade for awhile, turn the
world altogether on their heads and what
next 7 D. P.
For the Lcwinburg Chronicle.
IIow shall I paint the beauties of the Spring,
Which bring afresh sweet den to our view,
When Adam walked upon th- river's brink
That watered Eden as it murmured through
" Ere Satan with a bound had leaped her wall.
And like a cormorant perched on high,
Or rolled in shining folds to mother Eve,
And whispered ill her ear the first great tic !
Ail that was mute and dead, in thee, sweet Ppring!
A rife to life, and tune their voice again ;
The esrth assumes the garb she wore at first.
And melting streams are running to the main.
The reign of winter can no more impose
A silence on the litUe warblers' tongues,
But everywhere, on toot and on the wing,
They chaunt their ntea of melody and songs.
The lily of the tii'ey bow is seen,
As at the first, era -herns and briars grew,
And bright daudelious shining o'er the meads,
Vie with the daisy decked in heaven's own blue.
Whatever airs the winds may blow in Spring,
They bring a grateful tribute still along
From out the forest or the flowery dales
Mixed with the music of the thrush's tongue.
Sweet Spring I the only emblem here below
Of those Llysian fields so tamed on high,
Where the broad waters from the Spring of Life
Lave the green banks whose verdure ne'er shall diet
BLccxnr.LD, My S. H.
An old colored woman, who is barely
able to eke out a miserable subsistence by
her hard labor, was employed, a abort time
since, to wash for the wife of a very weal
thy man living on the outskirts of the vil
lage, and for a day's toil he received the
sum of aixptntt that being all the change
the lady had. The poor woman with tears
asked for pay. in provisions, but was told
that they had nothing to give away ; and
she was obliged to go out and beg for
enough to get supper for her children.-
Williamtburg (Long Inland) Timtt.
Money got by gaming, is like a pyramid
ic'f snow. t
From jorla O. Ksit's l'm of "The Tiiaes."
Whilst drones and dreaming optimi.ts protest
" The worst is welt, and all is for the best,"
And sturdy croakers chant the counter song
That "men grow worse and everything is wrong."
I Truth as of old still loves a golJen mean,
' And ahuns exliemea, to walk erect between !
: The world improves : with slow, unequal pace,
' "The good time's coming" to our hapless race.
The general ndu, beneath the refluent surge,
Rolls on, resistless, to its destined verge ;
J Unfriendly bills no longer interpose
' As stubborn walls to geographic foes,
Kor envious streams run only to divide
The hearts of brethren ranged on either aide.
Promethean Science, with untiring eye
Searching the mysteries of the earth and sky,
And cunning Art iih strong and plastic band
To work the marvels Science may command,
And broad-winged Commerce, swift td carry o'er
Earth's countless blessings to her farthest shore
These, and no German or Genevan sage.
These ire the great Informers of the age !
See Art exultant in her stately car.
On Xature's Titans wage triumphant war !
While e'en Ibe lightnings by her wondrous fki'l
Are tamed for heralds of her sovereign will ;
Old Ocean's breast a new invader feels.
And heaves in vain to clog her iron wheels.
In vain the forests marshal all their force.
And mountains rise to slay her onward course,
From out her path each bold opposer hurled.
She, throws her girdle 'round a captive world !
Mercy as Olilialory as Justice.
From the Philadelphia Saturday Gazette.
THE POOR DEBTOR.
BY T. S. ARTHUR.
'There is one honest man in the world,
I am htippy to say,'' remarked a rich mer
chant, named Petron, to a friend who hap
pened to call in upon him.
"Is there, indeed ! I am glad to find you
have made a discovery of the fact. W ho
is the individual entitled to the honorable
"You know Moale, the tailor ?"
"Yes. Poor fellow ! he's been under the
weather for a long time.''
"I know he lies. But he's an honest
man for all that.''
"I never doubted his being as honest a
man as ever breathed, Mr. Petron.''
"I have reason to know that he is. But
I once had my doubts. When he was bro
ken up in busiiiess,some years ago.hc owed
me a little bill!, which 1 tried to get out of
him as hard as ever man did try for his
own. Bjt 1 dunned and dunned him until
I got wenry, and then giving him up as a
bad case, passed the trifle that he owed me
to account of profit and loss. He has
crossed my path a few times since ; hut.
as I didn't feel towards him as I could wish
to feel towards all men, I treated him with
great coldness. 1 am sorry far having
done so, for it now appears that 1 judged
him too severely. This morning he called
in of his own free will, and paid roe down
the old account. He didn't say anything
about interest, nor did I, though I am en
titled to, and ought to have received it.
But. as long as he came foward of his own
accord and settled his bill, after I had giv
en upall hope of ever receiving it.I thought
I might afford to be a little generous and
not say anything about the interest ; and
so I gve him a receipt in full. Didn't I do
"fn what respect ?" asked the friend.
"In forgiving him the interest, which I
might have claimed as well as not, and
which he would, no doubt, have paid me
down, or brought me at some future time."
Oh, yes. You were right to forgive
the interest,'' returned the friend, but in a
tone and with a manner that struck the
merchant as rather singular. "IMo man
should ever take interest on money due
from an unfortunate debtor."
'Indeed! Why not ? Is not money
always worth its interest V said the sur
prised Mr. Petron.
"So it is said. But the poor debtor has
no money upon which to make an interest.
He begins the world again with nothing but
his ability to work ; and, if saddled with
an old debt principal and interest his
case is hopeless. Suppose he owes ten
thousand dollars, and after struggling hard
for three or four years, gets into a position
that will enable him to pay off a thousand
dollars a year. There is some chance for
him to get out of debt in ten years. But
suppose interest hat been accumulating at
the rate of some five hundred dollars a
year: his debt, instead or being ten thousand
dollars, will have increased to twelve, by
the lime he is in a condition to begin to
pay off anything; and then.insteari of being
able to reduce the amount a thousnnd dolls
a year, he will have to let five hundred go
for the annual interest on the ong'm.i! debt.
Four years more would have to pass before
under thia.aystem he would get his debt
down to where it was when he was broken
up in his business. Thus,at the end of eight
years' hard struggling, he would oot really
have advanced a step out of his difficulties.
A debfof ten thousand dollars would still
be hanging over him. And if, persevering
to the end, he should go on paying the
interest reguWy and reducing the princi
UNION CO., PA.,
pal, some twenty-five ears of life would
lie spent in getting free from debt, when
liltlb over half t tarf t tune would have been
required if his err Hitors, acting from the
commonest dictates of humtnity, ha J Voi
unlnrily released the interest. "
"1 nni3t cnif-s this is a new view of the
case to me," said Mr. Petron.
"It is the hum.iw' view of the case. But.
looking to interest alone, it is the he-t view
for every creditor to lake. M my a man,
who wiih an c-fiort nii;lit have cancelled in
time the principal of a debt tinfortuniU I v
standing against him, becomes disheartened
at seeing it d;iily growing larger thro' the
accumulation of interest, and gives up in
despair. The desire !o be free from debt,
spurs many a rfian into effort. But make
the difficulties in his way, so large as to
appear insurmountable, md he will fold his
hands in helpless inactivity. Thousands
of dollars are lost every year by creditors,
in consequence of their grasping after too
much, and breaking down the hope and
energy of their debtors "
"Perhaps you are right," said Mr. Pet iron.
"I dou'i suppose, however, that the interest
on fifty dollars would have broken down
"There is no lellin n- It is the last pound,
you know, that breaks" the camel's back.
Five years have passed since his day of
misfortune. Fifteen dollar' interest is,
therefore, dee. I have my doubts if he
could have paid you sixty-five dollars now.
Indeed, I am sure he could not. And the
thought of that as a new debt, for which he
had received no benefit whatever, would, it
is more than probable, have pioduced a
discouraged s'nle of mind, and made him
resolve not to pay you anything al all."
"But that would'nt have been honest,"
said the merchant.
'Perhaps no:, strictly speaking. To be
dishonest, is a set purpose la defraud to
take from another what belongs to him ; or
in withhold from another, when ability
exists to pay what is justly his due. You
would hardly have placed Moale in either
of these position?, if, from the pressure nf
the circumstances surrounding him as a
poor man and in debt, he had failed to be as
active, industrious and prudent as he would
otherwise have been. We are all apt to
require too much of the poor debtor, and to
have too little sympathy with him. Let
the hope of improving your condition
which is the mainspring of all your busin
ess operations be taken away, and instead,
let there be only the desire to pay off old
debts, thro' greut labor and self-denial that
must continue for years, and imagine how
differently you would think and feel, to
what you do now. Nay, more let the
debt be to those who are worth their thou
sands and tens of thousands, and who are
in the enjoyment cf every luxury and
comfort they could desire, while you go on
paying them a debt by over-exertion and
the denial to yourself and family of all
those little luxuries and recreations which
all so much need, and then say how deeply
dyed would be that dishonesty which would
cause you, in a lime of darker and deeper
discouragement than usual, to throw the
crushing weight from your shoulders, and
resolve to bear it no longer? You must
leave a man some hope in life, if you
wou'd keep hitn active and industrious in
Mr- Petron said nothing in reply, but he
looked sober. His friend soon after left.
This merchant, as the reader may infer J
from his own acknowledgement, was one of
those men whose tendency to regard only
their own interests has become so confirmed
a habit, that they can see nothing beyond
the narrow circle of self. Upon debtors.
he had never locked with a particle ol
sympathy ; and had, in all cases, exacted
his own as rigidly as if his debtor had not
been a creature of human wants and feel
ings What had just been said, however,
awakened a new thought in his mind
and, as he reflected upon the subject, he
saw that there was some reason in what
had been said, and felt half ashamed of his
allusion to the interest of the tailor's fifty
Not long after, a person came into his
store, and from some cause mentioned the
name of Moale.
"He's an honest man that I am ready
to say of him," remarked Mr. Petron.
"Honest, but very poor," was replied.
"He's doing very well, now, I believe,"
aaid the merchant
'He's managing to keep soul and body
together, and hardly that."
"He's paying on; his old aems.
"I know he is, bui 1 blume him for inju
ring his health and wronging hia family, in
order to pay a lew hundred dollars to men
a thousand time better off in the world
than he is. He brought me twenty dollars
on an old debt yesterday, bul I would n'l
touch it. His misfortune bad long ago
cancelled the obligation in my eye. God
forbid ! that, with enough and to spare, I
should take the bread out of the months of
a poor man's children." !
"Is he so very poor 1" asked Mr. Petron,
surprised and rebuked at what he heard. .
lie has a family of six children to feed,
clothe and educate, and he has it to do by
his unassisted labor. Since he was broken
up in business some years ago. he has had
great difficulties to contend wiih, and only
by pinching himself and family, and depri
ving both of nearly every comlort, has r?
been able to reduce the old claims which
have been standing BL'tiinst him. But he
has shortened his own life ten years thereby,
and has deprived his children of the benefits
of education, except in an extremely limi
ted degree wrongs that are irreparable.
I honor his stern integrity of character.but
think that he has carried his ideas of hon
esty too far. God gave him these children,
and they have claims upon Kim for earthly
comforts and blessings to the extent of his
ability to provide. His misfortunes he
could not prevent, and they were sent as
much for the chastisement of those who
lost by him, as they were for his own. It,
subsequently, his greatest exertion was not
sufficient to provide more than ordinary
comforts for the family, still dependent upon
him, his firr-t duty was to see that they did
not want. If he could not pay his old debts
without injury to his health or wrong to his
family, he was under no obligation to pay
them ; for it s clear, '.hat no claims upon us
are so imperative as to require us to wrong
others in order to satisfy them."
Here was another new d ictrine for the
ears of the merchant doctrine strange, as
well as new. He did not feel quite so com
fortable as before about the recovered debt
of fifty dollars. The money still lay upon
his desk. He had not yet entererd it u;on
his cash book, and he felt now less inclined
to do 60 than ever. The claims of humanity
in the abstract, pressed themselves upon
him fc consideration, and hesaw that they
were not to be thrust aside.
In order to pay the fifty dollars which
had been long due to the merchant, Mr.
Moale hdd, as alleged, denied himself and
family at every point, nd over-worked
himself to a degree seriously injurious to
his health. But his heart felt lighter after
the sense of obligation was removed.
There was little at home, however, to
make him feel cheerful. His wile, hot be
ing able to hire a do ncstic, was worn down
with the care and labor of her large faini
ly. The children were, as a necessary
consequence, neglected both in minds and
bodies. Alas! there was no sunshine in
the poor man's dwelling.
"Well, Alice," said Mr. Moalo, as hid
wife came and stood by the board upon
w hich he was at work, holding her babs in
her arms. "I have paid off another debt,
thank Heaven !'
"Petron's ! He believed me a rogue nnd
treated me as such. I hope he thinks dif
"I wish all men were as honest in their
intentions as you are."
"So do I, Alice. The world would be a
much better one than it is, I'm thinking."
"And yet, William," said his wife, "I
sometimes think we do wrong io sacrifice
so much to got out of debt. Our chil
"Alice!" spoke up the tailor, quickly, M
would almost sell my body into slavery to
get free from debt. When I think of what
I still owe, I fetl as if I would suffocate."
"I know how badly you feci about it.
William; but then your henri is honest.
and should not that refleclkn bear you
"What is an honest heart without an hon
est hand, Alice?' replied the the tailor.ben
ding still to his work.
"The honest heart is the main thing,
William. God looks at that. Man judges
only of the action, but God sees the heart
and its purposes."
' But what is the purpose without the
It is all that is required, where no abil
ity to act is given, vt illiam ! uod dues
not demand of any one impossibilities."
'Though man often does," said the tai
There was a pause.brokcn, at Icngtb.by
the wife, who said
"And have you really determined to put
John and Henry out to trades ? They are
"I know they are, Alice, too young to
leave home. But'
The tailor's voice became unsteady. He
broke off in the middle of the sentence.
"Necessity requires it to be done," he
said, recovering himself. "And it is of no
avail to give way tu unmanly weakness.
But for t!iis old debt we might have been
comfortable enough, and able to keep our
children around us until tney were or a
more fitting age to go from under their pa
rents' roof. Ob I what a curse is debt P
There is more, yet, to pay !"
"Yes. Several hundreds of dollars, but
if I foil aa I have for a Tear past, I will
break down before I get through."
Let us think of our family, William.
They have the first claim. upoa us. Those
to whom money is owed are better ff
than we are. They stand in no need of it.''
"But is it not not justly due, Alice 1" en
quired the tailor, in a rebuking voice.
"No more justly due ihun ii food and
raiment and a home la our children !'' re
plied the tailor's wife with mora than her
usual decision of lone. "G d has given
us these children, and ho will require an
account of the souls committed to our
charge. Is not a human soul of more im
portance than dollars? A lew years and
it will be out of our power io do our child
ren good. They will grow up and bear
forever the marks of neglect nnd wrong."
"Alice ! Alice ! For Heaven's sake do
not talk in this way !" exclaimed the tailor,
"William !" said the wife, "1 am a mo
ther, and a mother's heart can feel right ;
nature tells me that it is wrong for us to
thrus. out our children before they are old
enough to go into the world. Let us keep
them home longer."
We can uot and pay off this debt '
'Then let the d2bt go unpaid for the
present. Those to w hom it is owed can re
ceive oo harm from waiting ; but our chil
dren will '
Just then a man brought in a letter, and
handing it to the tailor, withdrew. On
breaking the seal, Mr. Moale found that it
contained fifty dollars, ami read as follows :
"StR I'pon reflection ! feel that I ouht
not to receive from ou the money that was
due to me when you became unfortunate,
some years ago. 1 understand that you
have a large family, that your health is not
very good, and that you nre depriving the ler ?ur.)oning to be a bank note, or of
one ol comforts, nnd Injuring the other, in I .i . l r
. ' ' ij j l. V i ihe na'ure, character or appearance of a
endeavoring to pay of! your old debts. loj. . ,." . , .
cancel these obligations would be oil right no,e' or circulated for ctrculatton a
nay, jour duty if you could do so ,a 08,1,1 note, issued or purporting to be is
without neglecting higher and plainer sued by any bank or incorporated compa
duties. But you can not do this, and I can I Uy, or association of persons not located in
not receive the money you pa d me this j Pennsylvania, of a less denomination th?r
morning, lake it nick, and expend it in 1 , . . . , .
, r -i ' r . li i "ve dollars ; every violation of the provi
making your family more comfortable. I i . ' 1
have more than enough for all my wants. 8ions of this section by ar:y corporation
and I will dot deprive you of a sum that f body corporate, shall subject such
must be important to you, while to me it corporation or body corporate to the pay
will be of little consequence either as gained ment of five hundred dollars ; and any vio
or lost. Edward Petrox." I i,; r .I,. r .t... -.; i...
The letter dropped from the tailor's hand
he was overcome with emotion. His
wi.n.wnen sou unueraioou us purport, uurst
The merchant's sleep was sweeter that
night than it had been for some time.and so
was the sleep or the poor debtor.
And next dav. Mr. M,ulo called to see
Mr.Peiron, to whom, at the instance of the
latter, he cave a full dotail ol his actual
circu.nainnoea. The mordant ,bJ t
by his story, and prompted by true benev
olence to aid him in his struggles. He saw
most of the tailor's creditors, and induced
those who had not been paid in fuil, to
voluntarily relinquish their claims, and
some of those who had received money
since the poor man's failure, to restore it as
belonging ol right to bis,4nily. There
was not one of these creditors who d d not
feel happier by their act of generwity, nnd
no one can doubt that both the tailor and
his family were also happier. Henry ard
John were not compelled to leave home
until they were older and better prepared
to endure ihe privations that usually attend
the boy's first entrance into the world
and help for the mother in her arduous
duties could now be afforded.
No one doubts that the creditor, whose
money is not paid to him, has rights. But
too few think of the rights of the debtor,
who sinks into obscurity, and often suffers
privations, while his heart is oppressed
with a sense of obligations utterly beyond
his power to cancel.
Every ose Useful, but no oe Essen
tial. No individual is so insign ficaut as
to be perfectly useless no combination of
individuals so important as to be absolute
ly necessary to the world's welfare. There
are two errors, seemingly of an opposite
kind, which the soil of human nature abso
lutely produces two shoots from the same
root different buddings forth of the same
self-complacency a tendency tu underrate
every movement which we neither origi
nated nor can control, and to cherish the
most exaggerated notions of the importance
of any great plan which has been concert
ed by our wisdom. We forget that we are
only to ourselves the centre of the universe
that if all creation appears to revolve
around us, the semblance results from the
point of the vision which we looked at
that the things wear the same aspect to ev.
ery other man and that, were we sudden
ly annihilated, the schemes of Providence
would unfold themselves much the same as
ihey did bclore. We are like nervous peo
ple in a stage coach ; we seem to fancy
that ire must keep our eye on the horses,
or everything will go wrong that we must
look neither to the right nor to the left, more
especially when we apprehend the chance
of a collision. We take upon ourselves an
imaginary responsibility, and wholly lose
sight of the fact that our anxiety serves on
ly to tease ourselves that the reius are in
the hands of the coachman, and that, with
all our cars, we are not driving but driven,
Vatane VII, PiunScr 7.
WLale Number 319.
A New Banking Law.
The new Umkmz lw of this State,
pissed April 16, 1830, amucl other pro i
ion has the f . Mowing :
"That wbenuver any tJemand for specie
shall be rnjde by a note-hoMer ff any bank,
subject to the provisiuns of this act, it shall
t the duty of the ashicr or ether officer
of the bauk upon whom such a demarid i
made, to pay one-fi.'ih cf the amount of
such demand in American goM coin, ir tho
same shall be requesk-d by the note-holder
making such demand; Provided. That
theone-fifih of such demand be not less
than five dollars."
Additional taxes are imposed on individ
uals ; forbids a greater circulation than
three to one ; uo bauk allowed to issue
notes for 'ess than five doliais ; stock-holders
individually liable for the .circulation,
hut not for deposits ; Auditor General may
call upon nny bank at any time, forn state
ment of its aflair, and if not attended to,
ch irter of such bank to be forfeited ; re
quires the presidents, directors, cashier
and o'her off! ers to tithe nn octh tc faith
fully observe the provison of the law under
pain of fJlOoO fine and three years' im
prisonment. And, after the 21st day of August,lS50,
"it shall not be lawful for any person or
persons, corporations or body corporate di
rectly or indirectly, tc issue, pay out, pass,
exchange, put in circulation, transfer, or
cause to be isssued, pail out, passed, ei '
charged, circufarH or transrerred, any
bank note, note, bill, certificate, or an f ac
knowledgement of indebtedness whatsoev-
iu'iuii vi nib iv'oioiii vi mis siilUIl uy
any public officer holding any office :
or aDDointmrnt of Honor, or nrofit under
(he constill.,iorl and IaWi of this State,shall
, . . , .
!8ubre, such officer ,0 ,he Pa?ment 01 onr
, huaJred do!lars ; 8nd any iclation of t0'9
sec,!on bv any oth''r P?rion not bein B
Public . sha!1 sabJPC' Iod '
the payment of twenty-five dollars, one half
of which, in each case above mentioned.
ha1 C to ,he informer, and the other half
iu vrui't V iii wiiiv.il iirv ituti io vi vugnis
and may be sued for nftd recovered as debts ;
of like amount are now by law recoverable -in
any action of debt, in the name of the'1
commonwealth of Pennsylvania, as well
for the use of the proper county.as for per-
son suina-' ,
California In a Wat-She'J.
.The Rev. Walter Cotton, in a latter to '
a member of Congress, savs :
Washington, Feb. 14, 1950. r
Dear Sir I am in the receipt ol your
letter, of this Jjy's date, proposing certain
inquiries in reference to California and my
I have lived in California nearly three,
years. The lands, capable of cultivation,
lie mainly between the Sacramento and
f t nniintu in avkifk ikaisriil in Ik asv tin frit
San Joaquin rivers and the sea board. The
valley of the Sao Joaquin, and the greater1'
portion of the mining district, is covered
by a light, sandy soil, that can never be
made productive. The strip of land on tbe
seab.mrd is broken by a continuous range
of hills, which run nearly parallel with the
coast, for sevc'al hundred miles. The phy
sical features of California, and the entire
absence of rain for more than six months
nf the year, will prevent its becoming an
important agricultural country. Unless a
system of extensive irrigation should be re
sorted to, I doubt if its agricultural yield
will be greater than that ff the Slate of
The wealth of California lies in her
Very respectfully, dear sur, vour ob'i:
servant. WALTER COLTON.
Hon. 8. R. Thurston. :
Mo Escape !
He who yields himself to vie" piust in-'
evitably suffer. If the human law does not
convict and punish him, the moral law,
which will have obedience, will follow him
to his doom. Every crime is committed
for b purpose, with some idea of future per
sonal pleasure; and jus s sure'y as Coo
governs the universe, so surely does
crime, although concealed destroy the hap
piness of the future. No matier how deep
ly UiJ have been theplans of ihe criminal -or
how desperately executed, detection pur- "
sues him like a blood hound, and tracks
him to Ivs fnte. . '. i
The Louisville Courier says a very e!
ebrated chemist has expressed himself in
the most decided manner on the impossi
bility of dissolving tbe Union. ' He say
that, as yet, no preparation, either foreigr
or domestic, has been discovered, powerfu
enough to act upon so large and wonderful