Newspaper Page Text
H. C. IIICKOK. Editor.
0. N. WORDEN, Printer.
Tli Lewlaburs; C'bronk-le H
- 1 ' . I..i--.la rrt.irt.in al I .wiihtiriT 1 'f linn I
Tim. $1.50 nor vear. for ca-h actually in
i.7.v ,i:i t.i il.ree m..th,:'8
..- k. . f,n If ni U,t
"k ' -.' il ; vs..!,
the voir pi i-itcs : sinine numncrs. .t routs. ui -
-,.;........ I.., .i n...t!. r lea i be iu.i.1 .n
., . :,,l ,;.h the!
f..tv.. ....... .I.e the year i iiJ up.
....... : h....un,;.v in.erre! r.t ."0 ri?1
n,r.:;,e Wk. 5I m..n.l,. n.l 5 f..r
i v-ar reduroil l-rtro f.r!wcr.-'a,!v(Ttis.-P,. i:.
yr,.reuir i k
ree,lintf nne.fm.rth f c.i.in.n. unrfrlv. ? III.
i:,.t .JvenisemenU ii-U..I. work to t.e r.aij
for hen ban-led in or .l. l.v..,e.l.
-: 1 ..-..!
... 1 m I a ti I lV !) ni1iiral4 III ITIP JkTllVT- Il
recri'e aitenlion. I nw r. I.itir e exriiisivoiy
the IMitrui.il "rri'tmnt to be directed to II. C
ilifK-iK. F.-i . Eiilt'ir and nil on business to be
J lr -"ivl to (lie V'iiilisher.
' "rtv AT irL-e' S- ---t-.fen S--cnnd and Tliird
(). X. VlKl)i:X.'nnt''rHn.l Publisher.
roa Tint l.r.wisaraa tflRiivirLi.
'Ka Cro3s. no Crown."
Our Sai.ir' Croa! mel. m -.urnful theme
A luble in tlic J.-wt' e!eein.
Ar.J wnii.lal to the I. arneJ tirf ek.''
Who ajTtin. it sacred l.-soin nn-ek.
They in dark, hopelcia graven lie Jon
The Croaa haa '.if! r.-eai. a crown.
Our being's day may have in pains,
Karlh'a jlaves may hu? iheir gil.iei cliaina ;
Dul 'rt the ih night each aorrow I'ri'uvn
Tti hcay Cros. irmurfs the cr-nvn.
T!i i'tje of the 1! '". JiKi,
P:ooke-l the w:.t!i "I .-'n and L'isl ;
I care not for lhe wnridliiu' frovn
Hi knowa no fro , he'll kiow m cion.
The story of the (.'ros -U-t s and
VroTi sea to ra the ranli around.
Hi- beard fioin Xorth to S utht-rn
Where islands sie.-i or rives rtill
r.cWJ in country and in livu
" Tike up the f ro-a and wear tho crown."
I,t othera chase the buMiIc Fame.
Win Wartiora' or the Statesm-in'a hanie
Let me prefer, to Time's rcr.own.
The t'rosa on earth in heaen the rrjwn.
I-el children play with Tolly's toys.
And count Itlem aoul aullicing joyi ;
lie thou a luan, and not a cIjii
Take momenta' f rosi. anJ endless crown.
Lai lhot who fvill, choose Wealth and Tase,
And ruly, Paaiona vile to pleasf
1'I.ry, silken robea and beds of down ;
We. rugged L'rua- and starry crown.
Sincere mu-t be the heart that sc: ks,
And pure the li s the Lobp that spcaka
Not mitred head nor pri.atly gown
Without 1rue,Croa. can ga-n the crow;..
"Tia not lhe form ihst God obscrvea,
Tbe spirit's wish Hi pur serves ;
T" o'wy His La a of Truth and I.ove
Wili Mite us to His courts a'.iove.
Where sVn's r. deemed with sorgs surround
Earth's Crucified in glory crowned !
Lewiaburg, May 12, 1850. KA V.
Ao old Engiifh work, ron-ntly t'-oJitol ly Bi-t. V
k. Wiuuas, li.l. i.f Nt-w Vrtrk.
"All de Resolutions."
Not long since, a Missionary Meeting
was held among the Negroes in the Wesi
Indies, at which the three following reso
lutions were passed :
"1. We will all (rive somethinfr.
"2. Wewill piveasGod bui enabled us.
"3. We will all give w illingly.''
At the close ol the meeting, a leading
tiegro took his seat at the table in order to
mark down the sum each came forward lo
give. A largrt number came and laid
their contributions upon the table, some
more, some less. Among the number
who came up, was a rich old colored man,
cs rich a all the others put togeihcr, who
threw them down on the table a small
silver coin. " Take dat back agin," paid
the African receiver of lhe money seated
at the table, dul may be accordin' to de
first resolution, but not accordin' to de
tecond.' The rich old mati accordingly
took it up, and hobbled back lo his seat in
a great rage. One after another came
forward, and almost all giving more than
himself, he was lairly ashamed, and again
threw dow n a piece of money on lhe table,
saving, ' Dar, take dat." It was a val
uable piece of gold, but it was given so
rlNtemperedly, thai lhe man al the table
jain answered, " No, dnt don'l do yet.
It may be accordin to de first and second
resolutions, but oot accordin' lo de last ;
and again the o4d man took up his coin.
Still annoyed at himself and all around
him, he sat a long lime, fill nearly all
were gone, and then can e to the table, and
with a pleasant countance, (the man teat
a C'artanka) willingly gave a large sum
to the treasurer. The receiver, as he
marked down the amount, exclaimed,
" Well, den, dat am accordin' to all de
Who wishes to know how to give and
be happy t Let him follow the example
cf the above rich old African. Commiss
ion. "O, you're a'prentice ?' said a litlle
toy the other day tauntingly to his com
panion. Tha addressed turned proudly
around and while the fira of injured pride
and lhe look of pity were strangely blended
tn his countenance, cooly answered, "So
THE FOUR PISTAREEW5.
t ' l-'rim a SWiiio! IVri.-liral by T. P. Jmes, rhil'l-''.hia.'
i -r ... f I,,,!,,,
" ' .. . .
t ths; importance of small tilings: vv.irn
! ..real nriiiciul. are involved, the followim!
,. ...... i . ..
prove ii'jre-ttt!I .-P'l pr'lllaWf. It wns
; tJ , ,nc ,v lhe ,.,.rs,m ol horn .1 n- i
. .. f , r ,.'
c.doU: is n 1'i'ed. I h; whs a fni-ntl (Tinini-; .
most excellfiit man ; and a ChriMian m :
i.,rt .l ;r... II,. ,a,LM.! lor!
I :,,.,;,,.. " t h:,., (r,.n ll!v kllliwll
L . . ..r-i i : i. . .i.
, r Ml III NIllItT llfW 'II 1 1 1 1 i i I HI III
him to sutler loes :n his husii.er-s. railiei i
: THE FOUR PISTAREENS.
' -From a S.I100I IVri.-liral by T. P. Jvmes, t'hils'J.-'i.hia.'
i j . . i i i i - most I'etermiiieil to "ive u; v.ii honeM res-
tnnn take tiiovp a1vnnlgi s which tile law , "' e ,
allow,., an.l wh r-h public ti.ii.., does not , "lu,i""- Pver-d, reached M:
roi.Jemn, hut whic h an upright man will ! n'"1 ' dow n h,s ,oa,!- " ou ,,;,v"
.lepie : and he attrihi.tej a treat ,are ! (." me too much rhan2e," said lit.-, pre
Ofh.1. honestv of principle aud practice, to '""'r.' C't piS!areeus to Mr. W . ;
the ev. nt I am ai,oi.t to n i .tr-. j " ! h:,ve m" ,,,lr 1"ar!'r loll 'rs
i l i i.: :i)s'.(T.d of three.' And how hr had
oM, he li lt his paternal roof in the
' of New Jer-ev. t,nd cftn." to I'l.ila.kiphia s:"!' Mr- 1 n,s a s'u'"l"
i :.. le-,r s ,r ie. He entrrt-d as an apprcn-' J"1'" haJ vcrrd it l-efore he left the
tic- with I... hr.-ther, a r..arlm..,ker in th..,"'. Hmi he "nw
. iiir .. .. ntiiuiiiUtit u ittitbf. u ho'e nrM!!il.
i iiorrhern t-;ir! o !!ic r:tv. uu n ci rlrmt
i occosien lie as c:l to
r. ,'r,.,, v!,r.. f..r o
... ....... ,
I hail" palion .f oil. He I
lltlU I 1 1 II 'it 11 o
; S een s'-nt nn a similar errand, and li:nl lieen
f :iC:-!isloiiii'd to ii.iv 23 een's for lhe nil.
But it happened thai ml had laMen, and the
rife- mi trie present oecau n war onlv V
i cents, ol' which, however, he whs not in-I
' l-.r,i.e,l. 11- had taker, with him lo i-av '
i for the oil a one dollar lio'e, and having :
! . . it i
I ohtauM d the art.e!o, he presented the note, .
I . . . .
t and rere.vi u in change not lis lie exneci-
i ...I .U... .I..IV, t.i.t r... ..la. '
I 11111... 'j'l 11. l l-l Hi lliM.ill Oil I'.i.l -
tareens. It mav be neees-ary to remark, '
. . ii
i !h, the nistar-. .. was an ,.M Spanish coin. I
! of,!,,, value f ill rents, which was in e,- !
! tensive eirou'.-i'ioii twenty years ago. A'.
! lhe nresent d.-iv ihev are hut rarelv rnrel
,th. and mv vomg readers may never i
lave seen them. .luhn, who had never
! been m:.-i, troubled wuh nvnev changing.
I and was ,au..rai,t of their value, supposed!
l ad eiwn h m feur instead of
He had been taught when a child,
in he honest. He k.ic.v that he ought lo ,
do to others as he would have others to
. i , . . ,
do to him ; and that it was as dishonest ;
to lake advantage of another's mistake to ,
take what was not his own, as to cheat in i
nnv ot'-er way. I lis fir-t impulse, there-1
wjrl .en.rn one of ll.e meees tolhe'
lore, VVKS40 teturtl One Ol lllL pi. CIS IO lll ,
man ; but before he had time lo carry out j
I Ins feilii.-iH into practice, the th..uht oc
curred to him, that he would give three of
them to his brother, as the right change,
..iid keep the fourth for himself. He closed
his hand upon the money, picked up his
jug, and left the store. Ih stopped, how-
; ever, upon the step, and looktd m his
money. There were certainly four, and
he should have but three. Conscience be
gan to reprove him, but selfishness claimed
iho fourth as its own. The latter pleaded
the hardest ; and fearing lest the druggist
should discover his mistake and recall him
he hurried off homeward, thinking of his j
The jug in which he carried the oil had
no handle, and lohn was forced lo carry
it by a s'ring tied around his neck. This
so cut his fingers, that after changing it
from one hand to the other several times,
he was compelled to stop at the distance
of a square, and rest. Setting down the
oil, and seating himself upen a step, he
look outthis supposed quarters of a dollar lo
convince himself there was one too many.
But although he congratulated himself on
his good fortune, John's heart was not nt
ease. lie knew that he should have re
turned one of the pieces lo Mr. W., the
storekeeper; that in keeping it he was act
ing dishorcsily ; and that he ought still to
return back, and correct the mistake. But
cupidity wns as busy as conscience, and
soon framed a number of good reasons
why it was properly and lawfully his. The
druggist ought not to have made the mis
lake, and would justly lose by his careless
ness. To Mr. W. a quarter of a dollar was
but a trifle, and would never be missed ;
whilst to him. it was a large amount. Be
sides, it was loo late now'to return. If he
did, he should probably be censured for
not returning at first ; and then, he would
be losing too much lime, and displease his
brother. How strangely people will Bal
ance the account of their sins by making
the omission of one, lo atone for the com
mission of another! John entirely convinced
himself that he would be wronging
his brother of his valuable time, by
reluming to rectify so trifling a mis
lie proceeded on his way but by the
lime he reached the second corner, bis
conscience (as well as his jug) began lo be
very heavy again. He again sat down to
rest, and to settle hit dispute between his
principles and his desires ; and again went
on his way, determined to keep tbe money,
but by no means satisfied ibat be was do
Tbe neit corner brought Jobu a third
time to i tiand. Rett relieved tbe emart
;pgs of his hands, but the cuttings of hit
I lie n.r,lit;ili il some minutes. "..oilsC'cnce
I .luW became Uri'rnt ill its demands. Bui
he ashamed to p. oncK. in. -'
h.. l...-i ..bewrl his first henest iin:ulr.C.
In.. ci. ........ ...,1,, lt.it hp. nint not
11 ' . " ' " . . ...
delay. He hlld hlrCHllV lln B COO(1 tttil.e
ulu.t hi orran.1. Hi! took tt hw Hi.
i , ,1
"" '"'C.1eJ l- lf-r to go .orm
or lo n-turil. 1 1 stood one moment, and
''' " rm"11 J l"'011-1'-
It was a haid tak to trudge bark three
U.nfi Mjuares, with a .. j- g
hiirmle : on J more ihnti oiut, he dad
' 011 he-lore you dicovered the mistalie?'
Hut such was not tin fact.
v . Knew irint irom me i:me jonu
been gone, lie must nave got to some ns
; tance, and he wished to know how far.
j ; Supi-oB. fr'lm ''". ,hal he d,d
! nr. i ,t..i!..i.-tn!i,t bmi ho r.-nr-ntod lhe nne-
' 1 1
:i,m '" """'her shn;
'"' '"'V, have you been since yon were
n"ce ' recover. irom ... e,.,r
firiif 'lit 14 Til ( 'i How lull Slrttf. SIT
ratntnt. lo ..liow.u str.c . .
V mi i ink ihere is a nuarter t'o (iiuch.it. i
t '. II. -.1 1 L ...I...-
well vou may have that lor your
iiriiu'wTV. .iiiiiii il inn -.1 it. I.:, i 11 lull
I i. .i I... J l.t..
lhe pistarrens into his pocKet, without
"1 "' thej..ke,he resumed his burthen,
with fsr diirerent fellings from those that
had fii'ed his bosom half an hour liefnre.
As he was about leavu.o ,l,e store, " Stop.
"' M Mr. W., I wiil not da-
rrlvP "' PU ,,ave Jour r,Shl chan-'!'
I'he oil is twenty cents, and those four
" not quarter dollars, they are
,ttrn c. -i.t pieces. nun. . u am ..
the b nevolent store-keeper,
'"-" u.-"i . ..-... "...
. i i - i i" i. i ..ol
1 ou "ourc u": u'"e",uce
between them ns Villi PO home: and let
"rtw(f n M,in' ns ou 8 no,nc anu
me adv,M; 'ou "'"'".V deal as honestly
as .VPM h"ve to-day.'
Who e.:n imagine the feelings cf the
hov, wh. n he Fnw the real State of the
nialter ; and knew, in nn instant, that,
x . -1 i n
i W" persevered in n.s s.u.ui 1irojeC1,
1 . . .
". "" lUe v"y n!it'e ol r,e -,rcum-
! stau.es. have been discovered ! "Had I,
! e- . 1. . " J 1.
. carrier! out my nrt intentions, saia ne to
me, when hu related tho anecdote, " I
should have handed my brother three of
the pis! ireens. Ho would ol course have
asked for the balance, and I should have
been driven to add falsehood to my cr:me,
bv sa vintr that was all heuave me. In all
j probability I should have been detec.ed.
ana sent oach .o my i.m.cr ... u,.sKr..lc. .
would have stamped my character with;
dishonesty, from which I might never!,
nave recovercu. as ii vias, ne piceu
up his jug, and with a light heatt and rapid
step proceeded up the slreet. He was so
rejoiced at the happy result, and so thank-
ful for his preservation, thai he set out on
a run, and did not feel the old string cut
his fingers till he reached the third corner.
where nenad reaoivea upon return,,,-. ... ;
During thirty-five years that he lived ;
r. . I " . L - f. ...'s.t ikn Inoann I
aner mis even., nu never .urgo. v.. .
il taught him ; and throughout his life, in ,
private business, and in public oflice, he
ever acted under lhe firm conviction that
" honesty is the best policy."
Gravity vs. Folly.
It was said by Dr. Palcy that he who is
not a fool half the time.is a fool all the lime.
Robert Hall held a similar opinion, for wheo
reproached by a very dull preacher with the
exclamation, "how can a man who preaches
like you, talk in such a trifling manner!"
he replied, "ihere, brother, is tbe difference
between us you talk your nonsense in the
pulpit ; I talk mine out of the pulpit." The
eminent Dr. South, being in the midst of a
frolic on one occasion, and seeing a digni
fied, unbending acquaintance approaching,
exclaimed, "slop ! we must be grave now,
there 's a fool coming I"
Coi.6F.ors. There are in the United
States, 11$ Colleges, the oldest of which
is the Harvard University, at Cambridge,
Mass., established in 1638. The next
oldest is Yale College, at New Haven, Ct.
established in 1700. The University of
Pennsylvania, 1749. Brown University,
at Providence, R. I., 1764. "The number
of volumes in the Libraries of all these
colleges is about 650.000, of which Har
vard University has 70,009.
Whenever we hear a man (a man ?) say
he can not afford to take a paper, we are
inclined to tell him that he can not afford
to do without it. A man who is really
too poor to lake a paper, is like a person so
emaciated by (amine as to be too weak to
sat bread CGoPl Banner
UNION CO., PA.,
Old England's Worthies.
BY THOMAS MACKLLLAH.
it ui nv b,.. t .
tuna !.rr, t. a 1- ..no., were also ocas. ; anj we
,, t w,... ,.,,, f n ,;,.nity
: - ..-tons r tin- si...
-Tis ..ur t.. slinw lMt '-.rm. m..t fr-. can :
I! M i it . h t. ft.
( t.im f w..!l.f.rel.-n k.r;
t, h,, , ,y.
; T, I. n.l il.o run . f Kittk. wrll l-u..n
r sViM:v-HAM!'lKX-4.-It..MWKl.un ih .-U.
, An. l..rk Mll.Tox. l,., a ,.- .lij wM.i
r.t ,rt..rl .Hb HyU n.m .i.f. und fa.
Oh, tli.it irr.-st MM.ToV? m.-ntHl mnntti: iuit;it
ll.kr tlt rul't pnilili. t'i.) full uon thin lan.l,
Wlr.li isi-s it;. fn-iHlnm i:irlty l'i hi.. Iianj,
Tliat ilan-J U-tinu-s tin- t-arlMS Truth to wrilo
Tht niriii-iniiiMrtal of our F!h-r-I.l-,
Mi-, fulilf is :,!. ours. Au-I O that mrn
W.iiilil yit likir rbi!In-n at his fw-t aliile
AtkI wi.-lv h-arn nf hiiur Ail Nations tlirn
WouM show llii-ir i;iantii. I winb in rain, I ft-ar.
When h" wx ol.l an.l hlir.tl, Ih.-y itiitc him b-n
'Th.-y .r-.niis.-. tu-'-iitv) HHin-N fi-r his irri-at l'x-m,
Arnl 1. 1 him .In-. An.l 't wut-l h.- o ai.-i.in.
TIiu. Antr.s wnii-tiiiii-s m tli.' Kartlt ajip-ir,
ilut till th- 'vi- irou.- to 1 1, avi-n no . nc sii-nis to know 'em
y t l.-li'-ri-.l in miK'niinir m-n,
I .1 raiicniz.- .lolIV lirXVAV. (T.iit, in-I.-.),
I'm fi'tlnwi-r of a -t'-m an-1 im:U- cr--I.
Tin' "'-xrt-lh-nt way" IVoll taught hy t"iii.i an! rcn
Au-I til.' Tinki-r may content hioi-lf
To taki- a jilr.-.' o;-.n my m'-ntal .Iu-!f
n-i'l'' .h-hn Miltou.i Twi-lrt full yfarn was h-,
A iruiHl- -ri-rn''r. ti.-li! in !t."lf-rl Jail;
Au-I. 'romiatii.-l I-y his illuht.-r Miinl as-t f o
M.-in liltt- h.- twrn th wrath f Ititrotry.
"TtM not to he .-tflurv'l that h r-br'Uhl TT?arh
Tli'-y ha.1 not ..-nt him." (thus the rrel:it'-4 n-asoncl .)
" T.t ll...ip r.an t. n..t. I... I.-..I -ii.t Vuu.h b.q.tl.-.t.
; A.-l 'tr in -.- I w,.uM t.. l. t a Tink. r t. a.-b:"
-Ti. l.i.t.l... l.i.,..F ,l...., .Klc rn.m .i.lni.
T k,,p thl. ,.f ,,, .,.,,,...,
' Ttl-ltif nf ti"f niitn'l nun
. . . .
i w... a mr hii.-r ..ri o.t. u.n pi.-i mm
nm iu'nvaN' a ty.n.i tiMr i-.w-r: o k-pi
'ir bars rnul-l l.ili'l th iinmnrtat tliou-MitP auil w.-rj
. His s-iuu.. hi.i i.-n-ath th.-iruiw r.f .ln-amiiis.
j ,. .,.,. in bl MaT
S'.h' S-o.-n-iirn of tin- Ki-alm of Alli-ir'-ry t
Tw.. hun'imi y.-nr hav.' r.a..-.i : y. t, brightly, t ams
iirli f.LTiiialion m hi" iiii-romani-y)
On us lh- nvlianif of his hriliiant fain-y.
W hat i.l. a-aut fl-
Thnu. Xt-n. sian-1 hi.. Nol.l. CKoMWIXl.t Take thy j la
Ani.-n- thy rouiitry'. liiii;htii-'t : f'T thr.u wort
Th .rurl rhauiriinn ff thy .ufT.-rini ra-;
Ana th"U .li.lfl Ifltil.-, i-Vn to thin, own hurt.
For man an! truth an-l li.-l. Tli.-y slaiiil--ri-.l tln-c,
! Th." niini"ii of tin- S-con-J l'harli-s. Tli Jirt
, of .lauil.'r now i. .Iriiil. att-l. vi-nly.
Like e.i .i,i ituurar.'s
rilirriin,'' thou art pirt
i t with t.rililiT ulory.
A,, ,y ,r.. rou.i hamppkn scrn.,1 to bow
; " th' "f l'T'h Kln-
i Human.ty arose in artn-s ; an.t Jin-
j AnJ ful w.. . mort!ll liat, ,nd ire
, Wh..n Tnony aUll rm a.wat OTdi.
-smii thy rr..t.rtoraie, ol.l Knjrtan.f.-. fame
,., p!..ri..a Tby .,.te name
i Sufnr..l tokl,.paturl.ul.-ntw,.rl,l inawe;
A n.l ni-ople crrat ami small srcurvly ilw.lt
...,,, fM.r nf the r,Ui iaw ;
an., at tn-r -.,m .... n.pn n,. ,o-., ..-.v
And a-o.l.ii.iuil :.l When Ih-ath to tlii rmp rlT.
p,nl ,rusI.,i : thou in Hi. who a.,a .....
thou hadst thy faults: but who, aia: is chart
T..ww.nnl niomnri..s atnnftif-L ttiv imvia.
; - - -
Bidding against his Wile.
A few days ago, I chanced to stumble
into an auction sale of damaged dry goods,
where the biddings werC'spirited," and the
large crowd were vicing With each other
in their offers, when a pair of blankets
put an(J a bids wefe instant.
y raised fir auclioner)
. nk. h ph ..h es, hifi h was
a Q.uar from a
i . , . . , ,., ,l , ,
seemed determined lo have them at any
1 ny ..Goins ,
, mae fifty ffom
j of toom
i . . . . woma-
bowing her way through tho dense mass
of females, who were separated from the
bv a counter lpon which the
j,-,,...,, functionary walked to and fro
Turni ,0 lhe 0,her 8'de he commenced
.,ereotypefi vocabulary of choice
and amusing "figures of speech,'' till he
touclSed on the finale.
"Two fifty," nodded the man.
"Thank ye, sir ; going at two fifty."
Three !" screamed the woman.
"Four," replied the man.
Gin the fifty,' said the auctioner.turn.
ing to the woman, with a half suppressed
smile on his small, sober visage.
A nod from lhe woman.
"Four fifty, I'm offered; gin me fivei
Come, don'l be afraid ; they're worth dou
ble the money.''
"Yes. aud that's all,' said the fntfle
"Sold !' cried the dealer in hammers,
almost bursting with laughter, "to Capt.
Smith (not John) for five dollars."
'Smith !'' cried the woman, "what, my
husband fn raising herself on tip-toe to
cntrh a glance at him. hy, you good
for-nothing man, you've bten bidding
against your toie ! Oh, you impudence !
but I woni have them in the house."
Tunnel through the Alps !
To complete the line of RaiUoad from
Boulonge in France to Venice in Italy, tbe
snow capped Alps would have to be pierced
with a tunnel thro' Iheir rocky ribs. After
five years'study on the iubject.the Chevalier
Henry Maui has reported on tbe project
its feasibility and practicability. The Sardi
nian no eminent has taken up the scheme,
and in all likelihood it will be attempted if
not completed. It is expected that it will
take five years to finish, and will be about
MAY 22, 1850.
Navigating the Atmosphere.
The Srst complete work upon this sub
ject, is now on our table, by John Wise, a
veteran arronaut, of Lanr aster, Pennsylva
nia. Hitherto we have had sernps of Infor
mation from Efiryclopadiaa &"d Maga
zines, relaling to the urt, hut here we have
a book on the subject, written by one who
has made many serial voyages, and who
relate his own adventures. It embra-es a
full history cf the subject, commencing
with the ancient artificial flying pigeon of
Archylus, the Greek, and ending with the
mot recent expSriments.
The subject of navigating the air has oc
cupied the atlention of many eminent iro n
in almost every age of ths world's history,
hut it was not not until a recent period that ;
any success was promised to an art which
warmed the imagination of Bacon, and en- j
gsged the attention of the cber I!. shop of)
Chester. In 1782, there lived at ancient i
Avignon, in Francr, two broti'.rr.s, young
men, named Stephen and Joseph Montgol-
fier, v. ho, being of an ingenious turn ol
mind, coiieeiveu lilt- iroj.;i-k u: sm-iiu uj
smnll hallooes inflated with rarilieJ air
j : i .t ;... -r .r.. ..
and by ni!iny experiments they discovered
that as '?.ey enlarged their balloon's their
ascendiii'' rower became ureuter. and from
this they went on increasing their r-ize, till
I hey constructed one of a capacity of 23,
i 000 cubic feet, and w ith it they .ent ii
I some animals in a basket. The voynoe '
: was sticcesful,nnd this induced to construct
one of gigantic dimensions, viz., 74 feet
high ami 4 in diameter. With this ha! -
loon a brave and cool Frenchman, named
M. IMatre de Rozier, volunteered to make
avoyagetwoor three hundred feet high. the
balloon being secured by long cords to the
mr1r dov-orri! a(pnls. anil fin
tne iist .way , 1 1 t;o, ne. along wun uie
J Marquis d'Arlandes, mide the firs! free as-
; cent into the atrial regions, rising to the
heioht of 3,000 feet, and made a succesi-
! ful excursion over l'.iris, and finally landed
a few miles from where they started. This
formed an epoch in the history of serial
navigation, and the firne of the Montgolfi-
ers soon spread over Kurope and reached
America. Although hydrogen gas was
discovered long before the Montgolfiers t
made their balloon, and its utility to the!
purposes of a-rial navigation had been pre-
viouslv suu-tested. vet it was never realiv
applied forihat purpose, except for experi
ments in the lecture room ; but no sooner
was the success of the Montgoltier belloon
j rsi-- '
spread nbroud, than the virtutw of hydro-
gen became apparent, and it was firmly bo.
heved by many at that time that bal
loons would soon be as common as crows.
Napoleon frightened many an English ma
tron, when he threatened lo cross the chan
nel with his Boulogne army in balloons.
But his "paper walls," never ventured to
baffle Old England's "wooden walls ;' nor
does it appear that we are any nearer "a
system" ol atrial navigation at the present
day, than they were then. It is the opin
ion of Mr. Wise, however, that ballooning
is about half a century ahead of the age,
and if the spirit of mechanical progress
keeps pace with the onward march of inlel
lect, he says, "our children will iravel to
any part of the globe without the inconve
nience of smoke, sparks and sea-sickness,
and at the rate cl onft hundred miles per
It would indeed be a glorious thing if we
could carecf through the region above at
such a rate, but our dreams arc much more
moderate than those of friend Wise. W'e
would be content with ten miles an hour,
only let us have lhe wings, an independent
pair. Then, when like Jeremiah, of old,
wc were troubled in mind and sighed for
the wings of a dove to fly away and be
gone, "lo a lodge in some vast wilderness,"
all that we would hats Iff do. Would be to
mount and be off."over mountain andsea.
Such things would be very pleasant eve
rybody would be rejoiced if such things
could be done.nnd many strong arguments
may be used respecting the probability of
such things being yet accomplished, but
not, in our opinion, safely, conveniently
nor economically, by any "aerial vessel,"
that we have ever yet seen, the opinion of
aeronauts to lhe contrary notwithstanding.
The "revoloida! spindle," of Bobjohn,
which was in the course of construction al
Hoboken, and which was propelled with
two small steam engines, some time this
summer, has been sadly damaged by the
late tornado. K this be the means of pre
venting the balloon Irom enjoying her aeri
al flight by steam, we will regret it exceed
ingly. Mr. Wise has made a great number of
successful serial voyages, and his book is
one of great service to science as a histor
ical and scientific work on the construction
of balloons, and the manner ol navigating
them. There is one prominent and useful
(act brought to light,vix. that ballooning is
a conservator of heahh ssrial navigation
cared Mr. Wise of disease of the lungs and
chronic dyspepsia, and be is confident that
it would be of great benefit to invalid.
This we believe is a new idci, Lut e cor
rect one and one agreeing w ith science
and reason, bu! as these thing trouble us
not personally, we have a longing eye bjt
weak faith, to mount the ;erii! ship, cleav
ing our way the ''blue e'.herial sky,"' at
the rate of 10(1 m les per hour, laughing at
your lazy locomotives and s'i unh I'lts
crawling away below u as things god
enough for a more benighted age. fjJcien
A Frenchman Studying English.
Frenchman. My po id friend, I have
met with one grand i!.!li':;ihy one- very
strange worl How you call II o-u-g-h
Frenchman. Tres Lien, Hilf; and
f-tiutTyou spell S-n-o-u-g-h, ha?
Tu'or. 'J no ; Snuti is S-n u double f.
ne ic: is, me wows in ouga rr. c i.iue
i" Very good. Tis le-au'iful J.mguage. -
ll-o-u-g-h is I Iiitr. 1 iii reno-riili.-r : and
(J o-u-o-h is I'titV. I l-averr,o L;.J I'ulT.ah?
i T. No, that is wrong. We say KauiF,
not (. ull.
; F. Kaugh, eh bien.
H'lff and Kauf,
; and parnunes moi, s tir,
' D-o-u-g-h Kul?'. ha ?
i f- f"1 Uiifr.
huw voj call
F. Not Dulf
Ah ' I undirMr.J,it is
' l);.uf. hev 1
I T. No; Il-n-u g h spells Die.
F. Due! It is ' tine, w-inderlul
ingiiage : it is Due ; and T-o-ti g-'i, Toe.
.My beef-s'.eak was very Tue.
; T. One; you shou'-J siy ti.iT
V. Tufl ! D
.farmer uses, her
D t.bie ! Artil the thing
ye.j ca.l l'-i i.-u g h ?
Piuff. Hi ! yon sini'e : I see I cm wrong :
it is Piatlf
No ! ah, then it I'ioe, !,ke Joe.
It lit lientltift:! Ln iir-'- ' v-r fop.
t - ....
i. i are ..:.! wrng my .ro uu. is
F. flew ! ,vun Jerful "a-a -"; ! I
shall understand ver' s.ion. I'lowr.Doe,
Kauf, and ore more. R-n u-;--h ; whtt
you call General Taylor? Uai.gh and
' Ready ? No ! certtiin'ner.t it is It .w atd ,
j T. No! R-o-u-g h spells Ruff. j
F. Ruff, ha ? I,et me not forget. (
R-o-u g-h is RutT, B u-u-g h is Bull, tu ?
T. No: Bow.
j F Ah ! 'tis ver' simple lang'i-.-e. bu'
! I have bad what vou call lin o-u ir-h. ha 7
What vou call him T
t.Monii.-ur T-.non has two m'ri Ier.on to b'arn,
in oi-.'M. whi' h h.- may Cu t in th- fi-ll.-win c.tii.l.-r :
t "Tim' Tl..- t.ui;ii ci.ui:h an 1 hii---.iu.rh j '-oifh nv throu-'b,
. Hurk !.
l.l m- ii.iir.u 1 .1 .ui. j.ur.iii .'i
1 1 u-rr-uli. t.t
tLuuh, hi, I
Hardy Ken of Olden Time ' iti(S for ,or, f"r ,nJu'aDt'e of inevitable
It can not be denied that the men whoeviU. BnJ for cner?.v in combatting such
sustained the labors ai d encountered the , aa ,hey ' w-me.are lhe ends which
privations and dancers t.t the Uevnintionar-r I
War. were physically a much stronger i
and hardier race than the nretwnt : wc
pretient ; vrc
mean, taking them as a whole. Their
mode of life was well
ell calculated to harden
it together the sinews,
the frame, and kn
so as to enable them to eudure exposure
and hardships of no ordinary character.
Their food was coarser and more sub
stantial, their clothing cuarserand not so
delicate, and their houses more open and
airy. There were no fine and tuptr svper
fine bolts to their mills, no bufl'ilo robes to
their sleighs, no India rubbers to iheir
feet, and no furnaces and air-tights in their
As an instance of what some r.f thr-m
could endure, we will relate an incident in
the life of General Stark, the same General
who, when told, before the bttle ol Ben
nington, that he must address the soldiers,
compressed his speech into tfi8 following
exclamation ; " Fellow soldiers ! yonder
are the red coats ! we must whip them to
day, or Molly Stark is a widow 1"
Pr. Fitch, in his survey and history of
Washington county in New York, states
that Stark was, in 1757, a lieutenant in a
company of New Hampshire Rangers,
under the command of Capt. (nfierw&rds
Major) Rogers. It was during the second
French war,' 39 il id called in history, ln
this winter, Maj. R. was ordered with sev
enty-five of his men, on a reconnoiterin j
expedition down Lake George. Traveling,
now on the ice, and now on snow-shoes,
Ihey on the thiiuT day crossed t ) Lake
Champlain, and -seeing some sleds ap
proaching, hastened towards and captured
a part of them. From the prisoners ihey
learned ihere was I large force at Ticon
deroga. Knowing that those who escaped
would convey intelligence which would
speedily bring oat an overwhelming force
in pursuit, Rogers directed an immediate
return lo Fort William Henry.
On their way back, tramping the snow
in single file, 89 the foremost men gained
tbe summit of a hill, they uaexpectly found
themselves close upon two hundred of the
enemy, who were drawn op in a semi-circle
to receive them. The Rangers recoiled
before tbe fire that blazed in their very
faces, and, crimsoning tbe snow with their
blood, ihey reached lhe rear under Stark.
who was about fifteen rod distant on the
Volume YH, Mumher 8.
siimitiit of another hill. They here formed
their line, ar.rl rrr.!y r'-xid, in snow four
feet ii drp:h, and retailed every attack of
therneniy f.-omtwo o'clock till nightfall.
Iti,w;r o"nJvd upfri the head, and by a
bullet thfomih his nr;.-i!, was so' d sabled
'ha; :he entire command devolved on Stark.
At sunstt, some of the n.ea suggested
that ihty ought to make their escape befora
iho piercing coid of winter's night ob:ed
upon them ; but C-trtrk, s'andmg himself
wh-re the bul'eta fell thickest, and know
ing that their snft ty Le?r.dd upon main
taining t'Tjir gro-jn J iiii after dark, threat
ened to io: i!.; f:r-. : rnnn that attempted
to fly Evening cnnie, and the French
j now e!.ird'r.ej t:e combat and withdrew,
, Icrvin.'; iialf tht-ir numla r sca'terr-d among
. the trampled and L'ood-s'aine J sno of tho
do, sleeping t!i'; sleep that knriws no
waking. r rty-P'oht of the Rangers re-.
ma:n J unn eye !: o, end the company now
tlraprred t!:ein'.!ves throui'h the woods
Minv, ih" !;ve-!mg n:gl.r, reaching
the hwr s of L i'-f George in the morniptr.
. tr; quite .!;auved wi'h their fa-
tij-ues, on-i iho wot.sdt.-J were unable to
advance faiiher on foot.
Stark l-ncurn generously rHered lr
triivel onwards w:'.h two others to fort
' William Henry, r.t the opposite end of the
Lake, and obtain sleds for conveying the
i wounded. He ucccrJ.iialv departed, and
reached the l"tr: ! the evening. The
sieiis bttng procure-', ha i::i::itdiately set
ti !., ;.-!,r .-.- r,.l
out w ith them tc return to h.s comrades,
travillng iill night, and coming at their bi
vouac u;icn the iol'owir.g morning. And
finally he drew- a loaded sleigh bock to the
Fort, reaehin-; ihere ;n the evening.
; lie thus stood rut through three days
and tiro nights of i icesant toil, engaged
fur nwir'l- fi-or hours in hot ennihnt. Mnrl
me remunjer c; in; tune in traveling over
the snows and :cp. Dr. Fitch very cor-
rectlly observes that we effeminate men of
the present day can scarcely credit thet
any human frame wns ever capable ol such
'endurance. Maine Furtntr.
Why Women are Unhealthy.
Mai" cf the physical evils the want of
vigor, the inaction of system, the langour
'and hysterical iitTcctions which are sc)
prevalent among the delicate young w.-
1 nicn of i-present 1F. y be traced to
u"Rt of l-trairte-l n.tntal power, and
weii'-exercistd self-control, and to an ab
sence of fixtd hah ts of employment. Real
cultivation of' the intellect earnest exer
cise of the moral powers the enlargement
cf the mind by the acquirement of knowl
edge, scJ the strengthening of its capabil-
s to attain ; but weakness has
hecnms i;,f5rniil"; Th power of the mind
over ine oocy is imirenss. i,ei mat pow-
er" cr.nea tcr.n ; .ei :i on trained an-i
(" - " - wwi, ana vigor com 01 m.naana cooy
w'11 ,he resuIt- There is .
unpoirsnea raying, tnai u is oetier m
wear out than rust out; but it tells a
plain truth ; rust consumes faster than use.
letter, a million limes better to work
hard, even to the shortening of existence,
than to sleep and eat away this precious
gill cf life, giving no other cognizance of
its possession. By work or industry, of
whatever kind it may be, we give a prac
tical ccksowfrrlgrnent of the value of life,
of its high intentions, of its manifold duties.
Earnest, active industry is a living hymn
of praise, a never-failing source of happi
ness ; it is obedience, for it is God's great
law of moral existance. The Physical
Training of Clrls ct School, by Madame
Death of an Ancient Worthy.'
The death of Mr. Samuel Baldwin, in.
Newark, N. J., a few days since, aged 96
years.is recoj.led in the papers of that city.
He was born in tint town in the year
1754, and descended from oneol the earli
est sellers. lie was the fellow student, in
the College of New Jersey, (Princeton,) cr
James Midisnn, Alexander Hamilton, Aa-
ron Burr, Philip Freneau, ond others who
rose to distinction. Mr. Baldwin was in
Philadelphia, and amon those who first
heard the Ljcaration of lodepndence pro
claimed from Old Independence Hall. At
one time he taught a Classical Acafi-mf (
at Charleslop, whera he became, acquainted
with Col. Isaac Hayne, whose execution
by the British, excited lhe indignation of
the entire American people. After the cap
ture of Charleston, he was taken prisoner
hy lhe British.but refusing to take iheoatS,
a. . i ;
of alleeiince to lhe Crown, re wss oongeu
to leave lhe place. He oiea as ne na
live'd.a worthy communicant of lhe Presby
The vHlage of Little Falls. Herkimer
county, N. Y., is no longer to be known
by that title, ibe Legislature having passed
a bill changing its name to Kocklon- The
title ol "Little" was deemed intwmpatibto
with the dignity of a village ol 6000 soul,
but they will find it hard to chenae-