Newspaper Page Text
i T ? C 5 "jf .'. 3
15 rii'. ' a. s. 4 i v .- j "
ft a EKHCOK) Editor.
;::LEWISBURG, UNION CO., PA., OCT. 9, 1850.
0. U. WORDEN, Printer.
I S fl 'I- V
JA TT--rr TTv . yT. TT. i W A -.-is- - S
- in i,' 'j. 1 c.w . .. ? ... .1 ; .11-1 .;-.' : . . . .
i ' - -.-' : .,;t ;.: . . .. i ..i
. . . C VOiniDa . Vii., XV 0 ill Oof IM. 2.
-i : ,r. -t i - ! . r...i
The I wisbarr Chronicle iuJ
very'.WetineUy.jno'auig fll Leniburg, lnion
county. Pennsylvania. . ... , -
TtBiis. f i.5U per yaar. for cash actually in
advance; L,7a, paid uiihin three months i $2
if pjiil within the year ; $2,50 if not paid before
the year expires ; single numbers, 5 cents. Sub-c.-iptioos
(ut six m.inlh or less to be paid in
advance. ,.ll)ikcuulinuaiicei , optional iih lie
PuMUhir rxccpt when the year is paid op. . .
Xdye rti q.u.U haudi'iiu-ly iiueileii a 50 cis
per square one wek. Si for a month and $5 for
New diggings are occasionally discover
ed, but in all such rases hundreds stand
ready to occupy them. now lead was
discovered about six weeks ago on Ranch-,
oree.crcck, 1 j miles from Amidorc.. ..They
hae to dig froir. 12 to 25 feet . deep... and
in some of the holes lhey , have done first
rale, and in others they, have worked for
weeks without getting a particle ol gol
Two ua. 7; Mrc-niile adenimenta nt My partner and myself have a claim there,
exceeding utac firuilh of a cclunih, quarterly, $14).
Caual advertisement anil Job notz la be paid
for when banded in or tliveied
Ail cumruuuioalions by mail niUsI came post
paid, accompanied by the address of the wrner, to
receive attention. , Thn.se relating exclusively to
the EJilorinl Drpaitnient. to lie directed to B.C.
Hickok. Et-q , Editor ai d ail on busiueaa to be
eililreswd to the t ulilisher.
OlFice, Market Hi. between Second and Third.
- . O. X.WOKDEN. Publisher.
1 Anotier Leaf from California.
Kttrart frrmi a Idler written hy an Eust-
rn man to a gentleman tn Lemuburg
Amidorb CRFXK.Cdl., Aug. 4, '50.
Dcai Friend 11.: After a journey of
1-000 miles across ihe wattr, oilf compa
iiy have distlved,' and I have 'only"'one
ltirUtef, oow, a younjj aitaa : from Bristol,
Ct. W e -t?me here about the middle of
May, and ebotit six weeks of the time
since hare done very welli digging about a
hundred ounces, but are" pow out of ajdace
t.i make anything, and cannot tell where
we shall make ihr next strike. There de
plenty of chances to ipnke a quarter of an
ounce per day but that wont pay. It is
of no use for a man to cotie to the VuinCs j
uuU'as be can nik at least one ball an
ounce per day," for it is the hardest kind of
work, and hut a, small proportion of the
miners are getting dfcent pay. The fact
i, if we had bfen nrre a year sooner we
might have had a . pretty handsome litt'e
pile by this, lime, for there lias bcea an in -mene
quantity of gold taken out of "this
creek, so much that there is but little left,
in' tact the whole place has been dug up, '
nnd turned upside down. We were so
fortunate, however, ns to find one little
spot, which had not been dug, where we
worked for six weeks, anJ averaged over
$100 a piece per week, clear of all expense-;.
Thi; most we ever dug was a little
short of six ounces ; and the best week's
work that we have done was 2-1 ounces ;
making 30,00 per day, apiece. But 1 do
not expect to gel another chance equal to
I have been on the North and South
Forks of the American river, the Cosumno
and Dry Creek, but the diggings are no
better than here. t A half ounce per day is
considered good digging, and hundreds are
glad to get half that. : I have also seen
men from the Feather and Yuba rivers,
nnd their accounts are even more discour
aging ; multitudes have g me up there who
are not able to make enough to pay their
e xpenses, and multitudes more, (poor, de
luded mortals, are constantly coming in
uith high hopes o! making their fortunes
in a few months, but it is my candid opin
ion that -nine-tenths -ol them will havtess
money w hen they return home than when
tlicy Je.(t. In short, the mines are full,
crowded, and runuing over with diggers ;
where there is one chsnce to make any
thing, there are five men to jump into it.
and the one who "strikes a vein" is a,
lu :ky man. Now and then a man makes
his thousands in a short time, but such ca
fes are very rare; you might as well buy
lo-tery tickets with the expectation of ma
king a fonuue as to come Out here to dig
ivr.h that expectation.' Indeed it is a com
pV'e lottery, and a thousaod blanks to one
prize-) , , ,;
iou tell me you. have a touch of the
ijnl.l fever; eH, I advise you to cure
yiurselfas soon n poMblei If my letter
docs not break up the fever, just go to
work for a month at ditching in the- stoni-e-t
swamp you cart find, where th water
ilt be about half way up to your knees,
nnd every niht after a hard day' work
come home and cook your supper over a
hale fire on the ground, and I hen go to
bed without any bed to g? io except a blan
ket; then get tip before sunrise, get' your
breakfast as best you can, and off to work
"g iio. . Follow these ' directions in some
bye place, away from all civirtedaocieiy
(except perhaps a few workmen like your
sef) with no parents or' friends to car for
but have not commenced dijiains it vet.
We shall wait a few days to see how the
holes adjoining us turn out." It b ill take
about a week's digging to find out wheth
er there is any gold iliefe or not ; if we
find it, we are lucky, If not, we must va
mose and try a new place. I see by the
papers Irom the States, that they te'I about
as many large stories as ever and thereby
ir.duce thousnnds io leave a profitable bu
KindSs at home, to make their fortunes, as
they suppose in California, but whpn they
get here, they will sing a different song,
and the words will Le'j ; '.'Oh ! carry : nie
Perhaps by this time you begin to think
am told that potatoes were worth 1 per
lb. last winter, but when I fust cams here
they were down to 50 cts.
It sorhetiiiics seems rather hmely here,
and I lonj tor the time to arrivo when I
shall again be immri my friends in m
native laorj. The re is nohing here at
present to render li'c hapjiy, excrnt the
hope .f ucq iiiin; Sutneihing f'jr the future.
It is nothing but di", dig, dig nil day, atulj
many of our siauuehest men were in the
plan i h it we could carry nothing without
conceding to it. , . .,
" Another t'mbarross'rribni which was
never publicly ki:own,nnd which waseare
fullv concealed bv th .-: who knMV it the
arntj- and in New England. Mr. Paine
expressed a great opinion of General Wa'd
and a strong friendship for him. luving
been his clinsmrtte at culiege, orj at 'least
his contemporary ; but gave no opinion
uiioti the question. The subject was post-
.Massachusetts 'nnd 'other New Knglond : poncd to a future day. In the mean time,
delegates er divided. Mr. ILmcock j pains were taken out of doors to obtain a
and Mr. Gushing hung, back ; Mr. Tuinej unanimity, and the voices were generally
did nt come firnard ; nnd even Samuel : so el -arly in favor of Washington, that the
ook vour fond Ht nh'ht ; no sncie'v except ' Adams wa irresolu'e. Mr. IJ.ihcoi.-k liim- i dismtient members were persuaded to
I little, at that moment, deemed of the im
minent peril to which ! was exposing my
lile, nor thought that a biond'-lhirsty man
eater lion was crouching near, nnd only
watching his opportunity to spr;n the
kraal, and consign one of us to a most hor
rible death. About three hours after the
sun went down I called my men to come
and take their coffee and supper, which
was ready for them at my fire ; and after j
knee, the shoe'sMtl orf his fiil ; the grass
and hushes were all stained with bis blood, ,
and fragments of his pea-coa' In'jr arouri'rf.
Poor llehdriof f knew the fragmen's of
toa'l old coat, and had often marked iherrV - -
....... V. - ftf
hengin in the deose covers here the el
e.hant ha chargerj after my unfortunate
after-fidef Ilendric was by far, the best
man I had about, my wagons, of a most
cheerful disposition, a first rate .waeon-
a lew men ; no church to attend id the
Sabb ith ; and, what is very important you
will a!li)vvl no pretty girls w ith wi.'om to
spend a pleasant S-jnday evening.
Whili; speaking of the Indians, I meant
to have told you a litt'e about their dress,
&.. They live now principally by dig
ging a little gold, and begging their provi-
self bad ha'd an ambition to be appointed withdraw their opposition, and Mr. Wh-coinnnniler-iii-rliicl.
Whether he llm'ti inton was nominatcd.I believe by Thomas
an election a compliment due to him, and
intended to have tliu honor of declining it,
or whether he would have accepted, I
knnv n:t. To the compliment he had
some pretensions, for, nt that time, his
exertions, sacrifices, and general merits in
sions of the whites ; their dress varies ac- j 'he cause of his country, had been incnm
cording to the amount of gold they have ;j parably gre-iter than those of Col. Wash-
some wear a shirt nnd nothing e'se ; s-mit
nothing but a jtcket ; some a straw hat
an I pants; some dress pretty decent, nnd
oihers do not dress nt all. It is their cus
tom, whenever they buy any new article
that I with myself back, but that is not ! of dress, to put it riht on over the old
snouid be glfftJ to see v6n here if I thought
W would So werjto comei if you come
here vkt) 'the jareniinp' v( d'igginj old, ;
you will be sorry,; jo may tdeierd; . opqn
It is my opinion that after this year, S
er 4 dollar, per jay: iB the mines tll be
good wages, and before I will dig for thatj
and undergo qml"lfardships i
attendant on a hfe iD ,hi, country at the
present lime, I will return home and work
forlo per day where I .caa have tome
njoymefit as I go along.
the case ;-I wish I had been here one year
sooner '; however, 1 think I am in time to
make a little, but not a very heflVy pi'e.
If I were at home now, with my present
knowledge of the country. I would stay
here; 'lor, let n man' start from home now.
he will not gft here soon enough to make
anything this year, and after this year I
would not tve much for his chance nt mi-1
- " - j. . I
ning. 1 woutd adise none ot my trtentis
to come to this country, unless they come
to' make it their h'n&e for lit ; if they wish
to emigrate to a new country, I have no
doubt thai California h about' as' good a
place as any other; but the idea of making
a fortune in a few months, is foolishness.
'We are so fortunate as to have a house
to live in this summer, instead of camping
out in the open air ; and a stylish one it
is, too. It contains a front room, kitchen,
and bed room, but lacks partitions bet wren
them ; thestvleof it is very similar to
some houses that I put up at while traveling
in Pennsylvania. It was builr by some
men who stayed here last winter and left
in the spring. I think J shall understand
housekeeping first-rale by the lime I get
ready to'go home, for -I have to practise
it in nil its branches, from cooking to rock
ing the cradle. 7 The principal machine
for washing gold, is the simple- cradle ; it
seems to he preferable to any1, other; the
hundreds of heavy machines brought from
the Slates are not worth a cent. I have
frequently beeo amused to think or the
many ingenious contrivances for washing
gId, got up by men who never saw a gold
mine, and who know no morff about it
than they di of m ountains in fhe ' moon ;
a man cannot lorm any correct idea of the
business except by actual experience.' A
great many come out here with the expec
tation of just walking about, and picking
up their pockets full with little or no labor,
but when they find that they have got to
work hard tou, and . also pay California
prices for provisions, &c, they , turn upon
the heel and draw a line for home in dis
gust. It is the most laborious work I ever
followed, and none but those who are wil
ling to work hard, can make anything.
We have plenty of neighbors about here,
in the shape of Indians ; they somewhat
resemble the human specie?, but not much.
They are the most low, degraded, contemp
tible, thieving set of whelps . that I ever
saw. - J have been the auffeier by them to
the amount of thirteen ounces of gold, and
my partner seven ounces. . We were at
work about a mile and a half from home,
and while we were gone they came into
the house and broke open a box which con
tained i(, and helped themselves to all they
wanted. This was on Saturday, July 2? ;
they also took several other articles, such
as matches, threaoV'powfrry'' my bullet
pouch and bullets, several tin boxes, &c.
We have not been able to gef any (race' of
them since i we can not tell which of thciii
did if ; all the evidence I will ask is to see
one of the losi articles in their possession,
and then Jrthey don'f get what they can't
buy at the store,! am very much mistaken.
There Is 'no? miich fun in digging ' gold " to
lose in this way J If 6 man once digs it, 1 "it
ia -well earned1 i hut if they get ny more
ofniilf 'fhv M ill liA nroffo omarl
oti, no sisters to smi e upon youasiou I -it . ' , n. , . '
, , . , . ' ;, 0"jTWf I am happv io inform1 you that' I am
Mum from yor daily toil, and i-fWJK.,.iLU.M . :, ... .
-,... . , . (Rrow'ng'"mS ragged and saucy.' My
health never -was 1jet!er rtiani:'af present.
Ohis is a great" bTessinglndeedranrl I ;ha've
uo . Know but you might as ,, m U .';uni,r..i rtji
well come to CaTlrbrni. and ! km ure the "" ' . '
t lis o siuic tiuitc ur us wucrc we can ouv
lever will Mrn anmrHer your arrival'''-1 P J v-:i." i i - ..i . i
. J""' airnnh i a)rmSinnJ t l,e' follnvino- 'lnw nrt.
; U. " "-fm -w ww , ' 1 I W .
ing tow prices
T'lour Si 8 percwf".": pork',' and tickled sal
mon, 35 Cls pet lb. ; salt beef and pnta-
ivcs, cm cis ; niacherei anu oeans, no cis ;
ham, 50 eis'-'f fresh beef,. 25 "cts. ; butter,
91 ,!S y clieesc,' j'l ,00 ; brown sugoiv
y-' I a v ivn rgf a.vuw
' motasses $3,50' rier gafton" ;" vi'ii
egar'2 plcliies $3,'56? and other things
m pnipuruuu. n isauoui au muestoiaac
tamentO cit, and the1 frefgbt.iko'n every
thing from there costs 10 cents per lb. I
ones. They wear ail their clothes at once ;
sometimes we see them with 4 or 5 shirts
on, or 3 pair of pants ; and if ihey have
an overcoat, they will wear it, no matter
how hot the weather is. But tht squaws
O ! si millets ! don't talk about "hand
some Indian girls," it is enough to make
a man sea sick to l ok at them, a dirty,
lousy, filthy set as ever I set eyes on, but
thoy ail wear some kind of dress, and
since tho store has been s'arted here, they
have somewhat improved in this respect ;
yet it is no uncommon thing io see them
with no rlothing.e.xcept a smail blanket
or piece of cloth tied round their waist.
Before I left home I bad heard and read so
much about handsome sq'iaws, that I did
not know but I might f'til in love villi
some of them, but that w ith me is now an
Sifter, "hear y nt tfir rnrtlinaf
Of the tM-n h ave as lh-y fall t
Tctw-li tliry ii'tt tliti: tlprfipiTiir, dying
A Itf 5)n worth Ue IWd ti mil 1
Nnture prrat liinj. pvit tt-jarhtug,
AmiD wurtii ttic hrttl of nil.
Once thew li-arm were frcnh and verdant,
WarinM hy 5iinI)inr into forth;
Now rhillett hy tiippinic hla-t of autumn,
Thi-y droj unt thir m-. titer parth.
F'jr wiio rcaf-nn, hut a -- son !
Ihcy drup unto tlivir in -ihir 'arth.
Pome linger still, but yellow, fndfl.
? more with jnvTi th h-iur!is rtdorn:
No nhi-lt'T yiitld when' 'rt thty Jhakd;
Rtft of thnr kiudn-it. htu; forlorn.
I.lfcJfS-i ftet-mtu?, iiatlttW glcHluill,
Kelt of their kiudrvd, lone, l"-rlorii-
Fa thmirh tlioii'rt nnw arrayotl in entln,
. And faris ar.' liUuin iu thy hair ;
Annn ilinult n-.d a wnnnrr irnrrncnt
Or.-y hairn instead of iurJe thu It wvarj
(fI(t array in. pm-f Ix-trimmr :
Un-y liain instead of pearls thuu'lt wear.
Thon, Bijater h t ns mux and ponder
tin thee leavit fi m nature's pape;
And pn-are, wliiJts yet in etmu,
i For a jiun and hn;ipy aire;
I L'udeiairinj;. be preparing
For a pure aud ha py ae.
I would not damp hy mile t-T gladness,
Or cart a shadow o'er thy ymth :
Itut ever nhua tht path oV fully,
iteare to Tirtue and to truth;
flf-deuyinir. 1st it 1 1 rvlyi'ijf.
Cleave to virtue aud to truth.
Pot neither youth, nor health nor beauty,
Can fn.m Tlmr'n t-rn diitt hf? mv.
hut aH-mtntdrip. like hi;vfi of autumn.
To the mid ynj r-iu-iit jrrave:
Aye we're dropping. n-vrr stopijinp,
To the oold and siltnt grave.
Autobiography of John Adams.
Wo have been permitted, through the
indulgence of the publishers of this impor
tant work, to lay before our readers seve
ral extracts from it of engrossing interest,
b'tt none will be read with more pleasure '
than the following. It is taken from the
Diary, and written in Mr. Adams' thirty
ninth year. fX. Y. Evening Post.
" Appolntnunt of duhmrl I lo.ti ax
L ummaiukr-i.t'L'huf nt tut Colonial Army.
" This measure ol imbecility, the second
petition to tho King.enibarrassed every ex
ertion of Congress it occasioned motions
and debates without end, for appointing
committees to dr1 Op a declaration oftbe
causes, motives-, and objects of taking
arms, with a view to obtain decisive decla
rations against independence, &c. In the
mean time the New England army invest
ing Boston.the New England Legislatures,
Congresses, , aud Conventions, and the
whole body of the People, were left with
out munitions of war, without arms, cloth
ing, pay, or even countenance and encour
agement. - Every post brought me letiers
from my (rjends. Dr. Winihrop, Dr. Coo
per, General James Warren, and some
times from General Ward t.n his aids,
and General Ueatii and many others, urg
ing in pathetic terms the impossibility ol
'keeping their men together without the
Assistance of Cpngress. I w as daily urg
ing all these things ; but we were embar
rassed with more than one .rliffieu','tyf not
only W'lth: the party in fayi r of tlie pe
tftion to the King, and the p!niy w ho were
jealous of independence, but a third party,
wh:ch' was a 'Southern party ' against a
Norther'ni'and a jealousy agttnst a Nfw
England army ' under the command of 'a
New-!l Engfaud' rgenerai.' Whether this
jealousy was' sincere,' or whether' it was
mere pride a ad a haughty ambition of fur
nishing a Southern general - to- command
the Northern army, I can not say. But
the intention was very visible to me, that
Col. Washington was their object, and so
mgton. Ujt the delicacy ol Ins health,
and bis entire want of experirfce in actual
service, thcigh nu excellent militja officer,
were decisive r! jeetiuns to him in my
mind. In canvas.-ing this subject, out of
doors, I found, too, that even among the
delegates of Virginia there were difficulties.
The apostolical reasonings among them
selves, which should be greatest, were no
less energetic among the saints of the
ancient dominion, than they were among
us of New England. In several conversa
tions, I found more than ono very cool
about the appointment of Washington, and
particularly Mr. Pendleton was very clear
and full against. Full of anxieties con
cerning thee confusions, and apprehend-
ingdaily that we should hear very dis
tressing news from Boston, I walked with
Mr. Samuel Adams in the State House
vard for a little exercise nnd fresh air, be
fore the hour of Congress, and there rep
resented to him tho va-rious dar.tysrs that
surrounded us. He agreed to therh all,
but said, ' What shall we do !' I ans
wered hm, that he knew I had taken
greut pains to get cur colleagues to agree
upon some plan, that we might be iinani
nous; bu! he knew that they -would pledge
themselves to nothing ; but I was deter
mined to take a step which should compel
them and all the other members of Con
gress to declare themselves for or against
something. I am determined this morning
to make a direct motion that Congress
hould adopt the army before Boston, and
appoint Colonel Washington commander of
it." Mr. Adams seemed to think very
seriously of it, hut said nothing. ,;
" Accordingly, when Congress had as
sembled, I rose in my place, and. in as
short a sjieech as the i-uljrct would admit
representing the state of the Colonies, the
uncertainly in the minds of the people,
their great ex e 1 1 ion and anxiety, ihe
distresses of the army, the danger of its
dissolution, the difficuiiy in collecting nn
o her, and the probability that the British
army would take advantage of our delays,
march out of Boston, an J spread desolation
as far as they could go. I concluded with
a motion, in form, that Congress would
adopt the army at Cambridge, and ap
point a General ; that though this was not
the proper time to nominate a General,
yet as I had reason to believe that this
was a point of the greatest difficulty, I had j
no hesitation to declare that I had but one
gentleman in my mind for that important
command, and that wis a gentleman from
Virginia, who was among us, and very
well known to all of us, a gentleman w hose
ki!l and experience 0s an officer, whose
independent foitun ', great talents, and ex
cellent universal character, would coin
trmnd the approbation of all America, and
unite the cordial exertions of ail tho Colo
nies bctier than any other person in the
"Mr. Washington, who happened lo' sit
near the door, ns s.ion asho' heard me al
lude to him, from his u.-ual modesty, dar
ted into thejibrnry roout... Mr. Hancock,
who was our President, which gave me an
opportunity to observe his cnufKeiinece
while I was speaking oh the state of the
Colonies, the army at Cambridge,- and the
enemy heard me with visible pleasure ;
but w hen I came to describe Washington
for the commander, I never remarked a
more sudden and striking change of coun
tenance. Mortification and resentment
were expressed as forcibly as his face could
exhibit them. Mr. Simuel Adam9second
ed the motion, nnd that' did not soften ths
President 's-'phy'slngomy tit a'l.f The sub
ject came tinder dehntc, and several of the
gentlemen declared themselves Pgainst the
appointment of Mr." Washington, not on
account of any personal objection' against
him, hut because the army was all from
New England, had a General of their own.
appeared to be saftsfied with him, and had
proved themseles able to imprison the
British army' in Boston, ''which was all
they expected or desired at that time. Mr.
Pendleton of Virginia. Mr. Sherman of
Connecticut," wa very explicit in declaring
their opinion ;' MK Gushing ar.d several
others more faintly expressed (beir opposi
tion and their fears- of discontent in the
Johnson of Maryland, uuanihioii-ly elt-cl
ed, and the army adopted.
" The next question was, who should
be the second officer. General Lee was
supper three of them returned before their driver, fearlecfl in the field, ever active,
comrade to their own fireside, and lay
down; these were John Stofulus, Ilendric,
and Ruytcr. In a few minutes an ox came
out by the gate of the kraal and walked
round the back of it. Ilendric got up and
drove him in again, and then went back to
ma'ed and was strenuously urged by i his fireside and lay down. Ilendric and
many, particularly Mr. M fil n, who said Kuyter lay on one side of the fire under
ib it General Lee would serve chctf."Jl!y ! one blanket, and John Stofulus lay cn the
under Washin-ton, but considering his other. At this moment I was sitting taking people to devote the day to fortifying the
willing, and obliging ; his loss to us ail
wa3 very serious. 1 felt cen'ounded and
utterly sick in my heart ;: I cu-jfd not re
main at the wagons, so I resolved to go.
after elephants to divert my mind. I had
that morning heard them breaking tho
trees on the opposite side of the river. " I
accordingly told the natives of the vU!"&4 .
of my intentions, and having ordered my
tack was repeated. We heard John acd
Ruyter shriek The lion ! the lion !" still,
rank, character, and experience, could not some barley-broth; our fire was very
be expected to sC-rve under ahy ctbcrJ small, and the n?ght was tcSdark and
That Lie must be uvt sicun.lusaul nvl'ms. I windy. Owing to our proximity to the na
Tothis I as strenuously Mjicted, that it 'live village the wood was very Scarce, the
would be a great deal to exjiect of Genera! ! Bakalahuri having ' burned h all in their
Ward that he should serve under any man, I tir"-
, , . . Suddenly the appullinc and murderous
but that under a stranger he ought not to ' " B
,,,,,, voice of an angrv, blooii-thirstv lion burst
serve. That though I had h'gh opinion " . ;
, . - upon my ear wuhin a lew yards ol us, lot-
of General Lee's learning, general inS.N W(J fay sfjf of Hotlpmols,
m .tion, and especially of his science and A
experience in war, 1 couiu not aovise urn
era! Ward to huTiliate himself nnd his
r J. r !... ! J
count rv so lur as 10 serve uuuet loin, v..,,-, r . , . .
for a lew moments, we thought he was but
eral Ward was elected the SPcond, and Ix-e 1 , , .. , .
i t i i- I i imams' uuc ui 111c uuu, tuuiiu tin. Kiuqi ,
the third J Gates and Mifflin, I bMicve
had some appointments, and General 1, of us hkka wih feaf
Washington took with him Mr. heed ofij
Philadelphia, a lawyer of aome eminence, j 8nJ shrieked outi ..Tlw ,ion , lhe
for his private secretary, and the gentle-;,, e he dr ed
men all set off for the camp. I hev had!,. r .: - , ., , . .
V til'-i j 1 ",m aay om the fire beside me. I struck
not proceeded twenty miles from I hilac-'l- .. . . . . . , , ..
1 . , , i bun with the burning brands upon his
phia before they met a courier with e heajt bul he woud not e, hjs hoJ.
news of ihe battle ol Bunker's 1,11, the , , OJ Ile(jdri(J
death ol General tt.rrc-o. the slaughter,, Let us IaUe lhe fire a The
amonc the British cjfiicers and rnerj; as wed - . . . . . . .
o . ' , rest of mv people rushed about shrieking
as amon" ours, and lhe burning of Ohar.es- , .r , , ,
j o o and yelling as if they were mad. I was at
town. - l . i . . - . i 1 1 ,
unci: angry xiiiiiiiein lor uieir louj', ana
told them that il they did r.'ot sni'j stilt
Thi will scarcely surprise lhoe"who knot?
kraal, started wit ft P;et and Eujlerus my. ;
after-riders. It was a very cuol day. We .
crossed the river, and at once took up the
fresh spoor of a troop of bull elephants.
These bulls unfortunately joined a troop of '
cows, and when we came on them the dogs -Bttrfc!ted
the cows, and Ihe bulls w ere off
in a moment; before we could even see
them. One remarkably tine' old cow'
charged I lie ies. I hunted thi cow, and
finished her with two shots fn in the sad- . '.
die. Beino anxious to return tt my people '
before night, 1 did not attempt 'to follow; :
the troop. Aly followers w're not a litt'e ;
gratified to sre me returning, for terror
had taken hold of their minds, and" they
expocK-dibatjhe lien would; return, and,.i
emboldened by the preceding nigl r, w.u!d . w
prove still more daring ih his attack. The
bon would most certainly have returned,"'
but fate had otherwise ordained. My "(T '
health had been better in the last three'
days; my fever Was -leaving me, but I
was, ofcour?, stil very weak. It woi!d.( '
still be two hours belore the sun would Jet,
and, feeling refreshed by a littln rest, and r
able for further work, I ordered the steeds
to be saddled, and went in scar"); ol the
1 took John and Carey as afte'i-riders, j
armed, and a party of the natives foHoaeJ
up the spoor and led the dogs. The lion -had
dragged the remains of poor Ilendric .
along a native foot path that led up the .
mat tr. neoe prs : un ' lanfj keep quiet the lion would have another
ncsa fur ollicial iliaUnclion. But toe wnter nev- 1 1
er was anions thce deposed on thia account to of us ; and that very likely there was a
depieciate the merit of thia gentleman's services ' tr0op of them. 1 ordered the dogs, which
in ihe Revolution. - , ,, r . . , .
t The emolion was smo.hered enough Dy the , ttere ,,far,y a, fast 10 bc made
second day to enable him in writing to Mr. Oct- the fire to be increased as fir as could be.
ry in Masssc-huwlts, to call Wahington a fine j ( pn ,nou(rd Uei,drics naaie, but all was ' fiver path. We found fracmer.!" of hi
r. 11. ,t il.c.A in li Iil llo ihttil.t thai rw llll ' i " . - .
erllancoix nor Ward waaever alier-aid cerdi- 1 told my men that Ilendric was cpat along the spoor, ahJ at last 1. 19
al towards dim. Sir. Adams' letters of the ome dead, and that a regiment of soldiers could I mangled ooat itself. About six hundred
date will be found elsewhere. I Au. una Lite of - , .. , . , , r , . .-
Gerry i 82 . not save him, and, hunting my dogs for- j yards from our camp a dry nvn course
tMr.Adamswaa one ofthe committee of (hree I ward, I had everythins broU"ht within the Joined the Limpopo. 'At this spot was
(Mr. Henry and Mr. Lynch) appointed to wait ;cae kraa when we j i,,, , 1Jf fire and lmuch .sh;,de, cover, and hears of dry
aar.n f !, rionil Ira 1i infiiim turn af hie n immnL i r I J
aient. and rqucrfhis answer, whether he would j c!"SC(1 the entrance as well as we rould.
accept the command. They reported immediate-j My terrifipd people sat round the fire
ly hi woriiirof cce,tance.k-Jounial of ton-, - . - . - . . ... i,..
P. "w ' u.vnv,
gresj, June 19:h. 1775.1
JjJ you tut knnw, when hat 1 ted in dew.
How hweet the little violet grew,
Amidt tli' thoniy brake;
niW fnnrrant fl''vr the nmr.i-nt air,
0'r lutlh ail' primrose so fair,
Your pillow you'd fr.-ake.
TahT tlian the autumnal leaf.
Or the w au hue of pining ffrn'f.
The rht't'k of -!th fhall jtntw ;
Nor ean rosiiK'tir. wa.ih. or ball.
Natun- K 4wn f;iv.rit tints recall,
If onue you lctthcni go.
From Cummin lTunting Adventures in South Afrieau
A HAN-EATING LION.
On the 29;h we arrived at the small vil
lage of Bttkalahan. The natives told
me that elephants were abundant on the
opposite side of the river. I accordingly
resolved to hall here and hunl.and drew my
wagons up on the river's bank, within thir
ty yards from the water, and about one
hundred jards from the native village.
Having outspanned, we at once set about
making for the cattle a kraal ol the worst
description of thorn-trees. Of this I had
now become very particular, since my se
vere loss by lions in this month ; and my
cattle were, at night, secured by n strong
kraal, which inclosed my two wagon", the
horses being made fust to a trek-tow
stretched bit ween the hind wheels ofthe
wagons. I had yet, however,-a fearful les
son lo learn as !o the character of the lion
of w liich I hud at one time entertained so
Utile fear ; and on this night a horrible
tragedy was to be acted in my little lonely
camp of so very awful aftd appaling a na
ture as to mdkft the blood . curdle ' in our
veins, t I worked till near sundown at one
side of the kraal with Ilendric.my first wagon-driver!
cutting down the trees with
my axe, nnd he dragging th-:m lo the
kraal. When the kraal tor the cattle was
finished, I turnrd my nttcntiofi' to making
a pot ofbarley-bro'.h, and lighted a fire be
tween the wagons and the water, close 'on
the rivet's bank, onder a dense grove of
shady trees, making no sort of kraal around
otir sitting place for the evening. '
The Hottentots, without any reason,
made their fire about fifty yards' from mine;
they, according to Iheir usual custom, be
ing satisfied with the shelter of a large
dense hush. The evenng passed away
cheerfully. Soon after it was daik we
heard elephants breaking the trees in the
forest across the river, and once or twice
I strode away into darkness some distance
from the fireside to stand and listen to them.
st. II fancying that every moment the lion
' wool J reurn and spring again into the
midst of us. When the dogs were first let
go. th": stupid brutes, as dogs often prove
when most required, instead of going at
the lion, rushed fiercely on one another,
and fought desperately fe'f some minutes.
Alter this they got his wind, anJ, going at
him, disclosed to us his riositiun ; they
kept up a continued barking until the day
dawned, the lion occasionally springing
alter them and driving them in upon the
kraal. The horrible monster lay all night
within forty yard of us, consuming the
wretched man w hom he had chosen for
his prey. He had dragged him into a lit
tle hollow at the back of the thick brush
beside which the fire was kindled, and there
reeds and trees deposi'ed by the L'mp'Kpo
in some great flood. The lion had left the '
foot-paih and entered this secluded spot.
I at ence fWt convineJ that we were bfon
him, and ordered the natives to make loose
the dogs. These walked suspiciously lo.
ward ori the spoor, andi next minute began
to spring about, barking angrily, wth all
their hair bristling upon their backs ; u
crash upoo the dry reeds immediately lol
lowed it was the lion bounding i. ?':
Several of the dogs were extremely
afraid of him, and kept rushing cen'inuaMy
backward and springing a!oft to 'obtain a
view. I now pres-ted loi ward and irrged
them on ; old Argyll and Bies took up his
spoor in gallant style, and led oar the other -
dogs. Then commenced a short but lively
and glorious chase, whose conclusion was
the only small satisfaction that I couU ob
tain to answer fur the horrors of u.e pre-
he remained till the day dawned, careless ceeding eventng. The lion he'd up the
of our proximity. river's bank lor a short distance, and took
It appeared that when the unfortunate away through some wait-a-bit thorn tbvef,
Hendric rose to drive in the ox, the lion t,he besl he could find, but never: heless
had watched him to his fireside, and he "pen- .Here, in two minutes, Ihe dog
had scarcely laid down when the biuie ere UP '' him, and he turned and stood
ung upon him and Ruytcr (for both lay
under one blanket,) wiih his appalling,
murderous roar, snd roaring as he lay,
grappled him with his' fearful claws, and
kept biting him on the breast and shoulder,
all the while feeling for his neck ; having
got hold of which, rfe Hi once dragged him
away backward round the bush into the
dene shade. ' :,
: As the lion lay upon the unfortunate
man, he faintly cried. "Help me, help me!
Oh God ! men, Lelp me I" Alter which
the fearlul beast got a hold of his neck,
and then ail was still, except that his com
rades heard the bones of his neck cracking
between th& leeih of lhe lino. .John Slofo
lus had lain with his back to the fire on the
opposite side, and on Rearing the lion he
sprang up, and, slezir.g a Urge fl lining
brand, had belabored him na the head
with the burning wood ; but . Ihe hrnte.
d d not take any notice ot htm. lhe
Bushman had a narrow escape ; he was
not altogether scatheles. th frorr having
inflicted two gashes in hiS seal with his
The next mornings jfist as the day be
gan to dawn, we beard the tiofr dragging
at bay. As I approached, he stood, his
horrid head riht to me, with open jaws,
growling fiercely, his tail waving from side
On beholding him my blob boiled w ith,"
rage. 1 wished thai I rould take hi:n alrtsi
and torture him, and, setting my t'eth, I.
dashed my Heed forward within "thirty
yards ol mm and shouted, " lour time is
up, Old leilow." I halted my ho.V,- and,
phtcing my rifle to my shoulder, wait. il for .
a broadside. This lhe next momt-i t hu
exposed, when I sent a bullet through his
shoulder and dropped him on the spot." He ,'
rose, however, again, when I finished him'
.with a second in the breast. The Bakala-
hari now come up in wonder and oVtight. '
I ordered John to cut off his head an J fore
paws and bring them to the wagony and,
inouutiug my hrrsef galoped home, ha vin -been
absent about fiCecn. minutes. Whrii
the Bukaluhari women heard that the man- ',.
eater was dead", they all commenced danc:
itig about with joy, calling me Ifttir father.
" CrttftcH DksBck atioji. Sonne apolo
gies for human beings broke into Shing'eV "
Methodist Church, in Chester county. ' ';
last wetfc.and wantonly destroyed prnrty'"-
t n , . . . .
something up lhe river side, under cover luen uncaueo ,or. rascat.ty deserves the
. . . . ... : . . ; 1 punishment ol the law. ar.d we hore the
r .U- L-k . IVi J. Ik. (ll nnl'nfll
.v. t v .ij .i j. - t. I . J .
ine Kraal, ooo inrii priruiufj iu ifjf.....
the scene of the night's tfwfiil Iragedy. In
the hollow, where tTie 'lion htfrf lain cdn
suming his prey, we found oiie leg of the
unfortunate Ilendric, bitten off below the
uilty of such actscnn'i be manv d.-i-iee.-
in the scale of humanity above the monkey ,
irihe. Potrstown Ledger.- ' 11
'Monkey tribe," sir ? "vVhtrr hCcjiaaj
would be ashamed of then.'