Newspaper Page Text
Volume VII., member 29.
Whole Numlier 341.
v H. C. HICKOZ, Editor,
a N. WORDEN, Printer.
LEWISBUKG, UNION CO., PA., OCT. 16, 1850.
The Lcrtlsbur? Chronicle i jieJ
cv.-ry WeJnesdjy morning at Lewisburg, Lnion
ijunif . Pennsylvania.
Icimv. fl.f.O per year, for cash actually in
Jvanre; $1,75, ial within three months; $3
U paid williiu the year ; S !,50 if nt paid before
the year ripirra ; single numbeia, 5 cent. Sub
scitptiona lor six months or less la be paid in
mivanre. Piscontiiiuanrca optional Willi the
Publisher except when the irar is paid up.
AJverliatneiiU hanJiinely inserted at 50 e:
r equare one wk, $ 1 lur a month and -$'5 for
a )ea ; a IcJuceJ price foe longer advert iaienl.
Two squares, $7; Mercantile advertisement not
.loediri); one-ftutth of a cclumn, quarterly, $ 10."
t.'aruil advertisements and Job worts to be paid
t,,r when Ranged in or delivered.
All communications by miil must iome post
j sid, accompanied by the address of the writer, to
n teive attention. TiiO. relating exclusively to
the Editoiial Department, to be directed to II. C.
1 ii kok, Ksq , Kilifnr and all on business to be
aJdressed to the 1'nbliilier.
OlTice, Market St. lie;ween SceonJ and Third.
O. X. WOKDEX, Publisher.
"Tlic wri'er of the following article
r-eti.s In think that I lit; Sun anJ our Earth
are nllowed entirely too much elbow-room
in the expanse of the henvt-ns, according to
iIib teachings of the Copernican System.
Ho therefore undertakes to demolish the
commonly received ideas upon this subject,
nnJ reduce tlie cr.rth's annual journey
aroun 1 ihe sun (o quite a diminutive circuit
in the realms of pace. What degree ol
lurre his' protest may have, we leave our
renders to determine for themselves ; but
its Dr.Mor.coN's deeply interesting lectures
mi Astronomy have just drawn to a close,
::nd the subject is fresh in the mind ol
many of his heaters, a more suitable lime
r.uld nt be found, than the present, to
l.rin these objections to their notice. En.
Tho Distance to the Sun.
Mr- F.di'or : It is ui questionably the
ef fCrail'V received Opinion that thedlS'aiiCe
'ii U.esun Inim our earth i yj.tllW.UUU ol
niiit-si 'I bis it tine of the g:e;.test errors
rum Ihe ni'ir.v in the Coprrnican s'ein
That the sun is 03,0011 -
I'l.ti oi mues irom us, ana nrms n ramus i
e -1 .- ... j r - I'
lii.e cf ibat intn.M.s distance, and we as
tllC IllllttbltantS Ot this globe, t'l revolve ; """' eave.wiiii.,i uu on me vere orthe world.
. . j O'er the trunnions (h. Is. her sails but half furbsl,
nbout the sun fix time ns Tar, making j Mi(. rif im h unwt thM bri,ali from Uw
57O,00U,OO() of mi't'S in 3G3 dltys, IS ' .'heeomes ah! -I:e w:iv. rs, and nears us no more!
most certainly one of the greatest humbugs n,llk : B,ft lo r fr(,m tij(. Fi, of
in this modern age. Vet this doctrine i n'f '.-.t an.: unwritten b.vtc of iieav.n!
, . 1 , , , I I i'-e the f ot-fall of thouirht in the halls f the soul
Mught 111 our school., and propagated by r-iketheeominj-of twiiuht. ,.i meitsu-ie-tbe
most Ifarned in the collegpa. i is es. I , :i'' ttt -tuu-ieof win it siu-.! ail the air,
, . ,-. , ,,, , , , . '..I
timaied n Dabo.l's Ari-nm.tic that it would :
lilke a cannon bail over 32 jears to fly I
from our earth to the sun. moving t the
raie of a mile in 7i Kcond. r' Yet ue to
, ... - ...
revolvc around the mn, must go s.x times
ns far in one year: consequently more
lli.n IMliaa. It rnnru.n
Dt its first discharge. As a geometrician,
mrveyor, navigator, and astronomer, with
much praclical life, and by many figures
and lines, I venture to proclaim that man
can not be found on God s globe w ho can
determine by figures and lines that the sun
. ,. ,
measures in distance any more than 3C,-
000 milt s from the ct n1 re of cur tai th lo
I . T .1 1.. l
tier centre ui me svsit'iii. in iiirasurni";
the distance to the sun, astronomers have
tuhstituud the diameter of the supposed
circuit of our ettnli nhout the sun for a
base line from which to measure the dis-
tancc to the sun. I apprehend that it is ( concurrent jurisdiction with the United
upon this false supposition the whole efi'S,nt's Courts, to examine into all such
the Copcrnican system rests,
reaon, can a base line 190,000,000 of
miles be ins'ituted frm which to mca
rure the distance of thesun, when vie have,
in reality, a base line of only 7,200 miles,
according to clock motions, for the diam
eter of our earth from which to measure
trio distance of lhe sun as an inaccessible
object! We have a base line of 7,200 miles
only, and lines of observation made on the
rising aod .setting sun, 180 degrees apart,
on the equatorial line, must decline to the
centre of our earth 4 mites to every degree
nt sea, according to practical navigation,
thus guaging the lines of observation to the
tangent line of our earth on the centre of
the sun. Consequently, when the line of
observation has been extended far
enough to distinguish the base of the earth,
the distance to the sun must he determined,
which is precisely 30,000 miles from lhe
centra of our earth to her centre in the
system. Upon this false supposition, then,
that we have 190,000,000 of miles of base
line, by which to measure the distance to
tho sun, the whole of the Copernican sys
tem rests. This 1 90,000,00(1 of miles is
what the editor of the Herald or one of his
ri'crs, calls the jiorict rule, by which to
measure the distance of the stars, and re
duces it to' a point of space. Will some one
among the Copernicans please solve, fairly
and irrefutably the distance to the sun, and
publish the samo in this paper ?
A' .T1 K tLTrc"l',Zc American,
Judges Johnston and Wood, and the
Hev. Mr. Ivlwards, are the Whig, Demo
cratic, andFree Soil candidates for Gov
ernor of Oljio. The three met at Cleve
Ian a short time since, and it was found
that ihey measured uimteen feet.
At Bristol, Bucks county, a Mr. Ches.
ton was prosecuted fr passing a Burling
ton, N J., one dollar bill, and W. Kinsey,
Ksq., the Justice, decided that he should
pjy tho penalty of 825 and costs of suit.
An appeal wu taken from the decision.
JcjrThosc who heard Dr. MorronVdes
cription, and saw his illuminated diagrams
of the planet Venus, the brilliant "Morn
ing and Evening Star," will ticrusc with
additional delight the annexed splendid
poetry by one who bids fair to shine a
brilliant star in the galaxy of American
poets. Eil. Zicickluri Chronicle.
VENUSTHE FLAS-STAH OF EVEN.
UV IlKXJ. K. T A V
She ftVtfi just tbi-fi in the offing nf ftaven,
avaitin? the fla at the wiu.low of Kven ;
Tbe lip-oal vt CTimyon ami pold in uufurli-il.
And fliugelh a glory that fluhelh the world 1
N'n snun.l of artill-rr sinitetti l!io ear
So ealin you ran caU-h i-Vn the fill of a bar!
That fiot-full of grust on th' rla-i-k that it wet
At thought of the past, we woui.l never forjt.
A mnincnt that banner Is turning: the sky
A Qinun-nt its b-aut is lighting the eye
A moment its story anil beauty depart,
Tram-ferre-l to the skj ia- Utr vr nf tlv hrnrl.
It-hold now. afar in the harbor of Hraven.
A tijflit like a star from the FlwsShip of Kven
ller silrer-fluked anrhor, so ntoady and true.
As lightly in fiwitiiriu aud dripr-inff with blue.
Aft swung o'er the Klt)er the B-th,-l-hent tNam
That treuiUci to eurtii in tile Patriarch's dreamt
ller rable of crystal, and .-spars of the day,
K.-ni-atli hr 1anre double, and nani;le her way t
tier ffails of weft gltry. her eorduge of light :
Oh ! bravely flic riden on the HU'iwg of ni'-ht
Th.ce billn. that bri-ak fm the ithores of our earth
i'.V put "f vh infant awnlivg . Urtli.
As ::lim;ners the moon tlironirh tlie rack of tlie storm,
r1!. hard by her helm. 1 run taner a form ;
Tlie form of an atit I, with tremulous win.,
A lN-k deep and tender a vMon that brings
A paiii; to the bnrt mid a tear to the eye.
For lovil ones and lost ones that never can diet
ho- Mter an't bn'Mef eVtt deaih eaft not wver
Kuslirined in the ?sml. uud enshrined there forever!
Ob! child of my dreams fn-dweller of Heaven I
I si-e thee coudus tin thu KL-ttj-e'lAB of tven !
oh: Flajr-Slar of Kv.-n! I would it were mine
To h ave this dull ort and become one of thinet
Not a breath moves n streamer or rattles a shroud;
(in she i-onies liu,. the mom. anil still as a cloud!
! I'll .'he cines throu.-h the clear azure Maofthe ether,
Kntm Hod's throne i-o-i-tern. to eartti's cnolle beneath her!
Il r lutv to the breakers she steadily turns.
How bribily the lijrLt of her binnacle burns!
Xo crashing of wave, no thunder of billow
Calm a a ma: lens, h.'.k press,,) to her pillow!
A frms of Itfiahl rioods in tlie waters beneath,
t iin Li, I ii i.i:m, ii.r I l.r . l.-ik I
.ii ,i,..,....i. ,1. ..,.,:. ..1. ,1 '
dim o'er the iin,r in.f ton, I1.-.I t.e - l,n...tk
j T.. ,! Ztvt th. "rm, f Eren-
Ai't 1 knew in ihij son a mrif was there!
Th ,hHt w,.r S3iJ, nui n,.T
Ih. y smote not the car, but tlu-y fell on the heart:
As flitters the dew in the heart of the flower,
vti-n the l-natii of hiv? f, vr h-.i vhwt the win.
T)i:tt tlnmiltt in mv lart shall In- lin' rinc ftill!
ui e liiu s. tiien stiu on the breast of the billow
! T i;' V" with my l..n.. ,r. ly inoori-il In its d
rcthe.:,tcrsof f. .."In? o'er snarUe nnd .leer.!
Wlc.-n lif. s shadows trow louc, it will liua-r there y. t,
l,;ke slars in nid-heaven that never can Set
slars In nid-heaven that never can Set
i Oh ' vision eclostiftl ! ahererer thou art.
Ma2u. tk u th. turns the thought of my h.rt
' m-i ti t..w.thniin? th Biitirrin
That pours 'round th-throne the .Koea orfiod!
J i bve traced the,- .v..-.in. my i.-.utifui one.
(ithcspi. ndor.of.iayoVrthr disc of the ,un!
V l-n the billows of morn break bripht on the air,
M ;'" " u" "' "'' i,irit idumin f..r Heaven,
The Fugitive Slave Law.
The first four sections provide for the
appointment of Commissioners, possessing
claims for fugitive slaves as ma v be brought
before them, and grant certificates of remo
The 5th, Oih, and 7th sections are as
5. That it shall be the duly of all Mar
shals to obey nnd lo execcute all warrants
ana precepts issued under me provisons ol ingy nnfj wjiir)gy obstruct, hinder, or
this act when to them directed ; and after ,prcvent 8UCh claimant, his agent or ottor
arrcst of such fugitive by such Marshal or neyi or any person nr persons lawfully as
his Depuly, or while at anytime in t 'sisting, him her or them, from arresting
custody under the provisions of this act. Luch a fui;hive frorn yervice or libor eiK.r
should such fugitive escape, whether with wilh or wilhout proces. as Ofores.nid - r
or without the assent of such Marshal or 9nall rcscue or atlempt t0 rcseue such fu
his Deputy, such Marshal shall be liable Litive fromservice or labor from the custo-
in his official bond to be prosecuted for the
benefit of such claimant for the full value
of the service or labor of such fugitive in
the Stale, Territory or District from
whence he escaped ; and should any Mar
shal or Deputy Marshal refuse to receive
such warrant or other process, when ten
dered, or to use all proper means diligently
to execute the same, he shall, on convic
tion thereof, be fined in the sum of 81,000,
to the use of such claimant, on the motion
Jof such claimant, by the Circuit or Dis
trict Court lor the District of such Marshal;
and ihe .'titer to enable the said Commiss
ioners, when thus appointed to execute
their duties faithfully and efficiently, in
conformity with ihe requirements of the
Constitution of the Cnittd States, and of
this act, they are hereby auti'iorized and
empowered, within their counties respect-
ively, to appoint, in writing under their'
hands, any one or more suitable persons,
from time to time, to execute all such war
rants and other processesas may be issued
by them in the lawful performance of their
respective duties ; with authority to such
Commissioners or the persons to be appoin
ted by litem, to execute process as aforesaid,
to summon and call to their aid the by
standers, or poue comitatui of the proper
county, when necessary to insure a faith-
(ul observance rd the clause of the Consti
tution referred to, in conformity with tho
provisions of this act ; nnd all good citizens
are hereby commanded to aid and assist in
the pri.mpt ondtflicieni execution of this law
whenever their services may be required,
as aforesaid, for that purpose ; and said
warrants shall run, and be executed by i to bo paid in till case lit I he claimants,
S'lid ofikers any where in the Slate wilhin their agent or attorney, whether the Com
which they are issued. (missioners deciJe in their favor or not.
1 h it wl en a person held to service or j s,,c 9 provi,iPS ,ht if, after the certifi
labor in any State or Territory of the Uni- cal0 0rrtmoval has been crantcd, the clai
ted Stales, heretofore, or shall hereafter manl ie . Vcs ..fTidavit that he has rea- ed fiercely in his swarthy features as he
escape into another Sta'e or Ttnitory ot Son to apprehend a forcible rescue, before ' raised his proudjieight, and with uplifted
the United Slates, the person or persons to no oan p, fll;,ii;Ve slave home, the ofTi ' arm cursed the while man wiih a bitter
whom such service or labor may be due, ccr mtke. tho amount shall take charge' curse : iMay the spirit of Monita ever
or his, her, or their agent or attorney du- of (,is removal ; and is authnrizrd and re- j wander here, and lead astray the loolsteps
ly authorized by power of attorney in wri-'quircJ 1o fmi,ny s0 mny persons ashe'of the white stranger; anJ" may the
ting, acknowledged nnd certified under dt,rm MCCry t0' overcome such Great Spirit bring sorrow and sullering to
the seitl of some legal officer or court force, and to retain them in his service so' the palefaces who cry 'Eureka!' from the
the -State or Territory in which the same ,ong as ciroums.al)ce9 way require. The ! mountain-tops ol the land of my fathers !''
may be executed, may pursue and reclaim j sajJ ofnrr t0 1r lhe s3me kcs allowed ' He was avenged ', and in mournful i
such fugitive person, either by procuring for rcrnnvini; criminl,, lo bo certified by ! ece the gaunt and stricken warrior re
a w arrant from some one of the courts.ji.d. , ,,e jU(,,e of ,ho Dislrict witisio which the j ,urncd to his people,
ges.or commissioners of the proper rircuit, : nrrest u' (nn,jCi paj j out (lf tIie treasury Years have numbered those Indian ?.os-s
district, or county, for the apprehension of 0, ,,ie Unile(1 S(aie3 j ,hc dcad Thejf hpavy slumI).r;, nrc
such fugitive from service or lahor. or by j Tie ,0thj nn,i nst) scction provides for j unbroken by the din of the hammer, th?
seizing and arresting such fugitive. here' maliin;; fJ. r,rt proof of the escape of a i busy strife, and the solid tread of the
tne same can be cone wittioui process, ana
by taking, or causing such persons to be ;.he masiPr resl,jos . 8nj mai;es a certified
taken forthwith before such court, judge, 'co?y of ,,at rccorj, fu and conclusive ev
or commissioner, whose duty it shall bo to idcn(.e Mor0 thr. Commissioner, of the
hear and determine the c.v-e of such clai- j facl 0rcscapr., and service due to the clai
mant in a summary manner ; and upon
satisfactory proof being made, by deposi-1 srH.repjL. oller evidence ofthese two facts; j doomed region. " Sorrow and suffering"
tion or affidavit in writing, to bo taken and anj reqire)) in addition, proof to be j are ru, in eVcry heart, and fathers, hroth
ccrtified by such court, judge, or commis- mnfa 0 ,10 jjemity of the person ' Pr. nd .ons. are slceninir in nameless
Moner, or by other satisfactory testimony.
duly taken ai.d certified by some court,
mngistrnte, justice ol the peace or other le -
gal ofiicer authorized to administer an
oath and take depositions under the laws
jof the Slate or Territory from which such
i person owing service may have escaped,
i with a certificate of such magitracy or
! r.ll.re nnlhnrilv n nfrps .i,l. null thn sr;il
ofibe nrnoer eotirt or i ffii-er thereto at-
!,achcd. which seal shall besufiicicnt toes-
tablish the comj etency of the proof, and
(with proof nls'i by affidavit ol the idenly
jof the person whose service or labor is
jclaiined to be due as aforesaid, that the
(person so arrested does in fact ovte service
or labor to the person or persons claiming
I him or her, in the Slate or Territory from j
I which such fugitive may have escaped ns i
i aforesaid ; and that said person escape J to :
I make out and deliver to such claimant, his j
laocnt.or attorney, a certificate settina forth
: the substantial facts as to the service or
labor due from such fugitive to the claim-
inn!. anil of his or hi rraenne rom the Slate
I .., .. L- , i ... ...
ur it-ill I rv l aiiin . 11 u m-i v I r ur m sir
was due to the Slate or Territory in which
ihe or she was arrested with authority t
j such claimant, or his or her agent or at-
tnrnov tn enph rpnsnnnh!n fuerr. nn,l
j restraint as may be necessary under the cir-
cumstanccs of thecase.to take and remove presence ol lUjntu, t.io neauiiiui an-1 gen
such fugitive person back to the State or ,llc InJian S'rI wh0"1 he luve(l- No won
Territory whence he or she may have es- uVr ,hlt cvcn nis iron lu:arl wa entangled
caped as aforesaid. In no trial or hearing I in lhe bewildering meshes of love, for
under this act shall the testimony of such M'"lil: was ver.v beautiful,
alleged fugitive b? admitted in evidence : j !5ut InB mMea looked with cold eyes
and the certificates in this, and the first "Pn 'e Pt chieftain; and while he
section mentioned, shall be conclusive of I vet wooed, a strange, new sound echoed
the right of the person or persons in whose 1
favor granted, to remove such fugitive lo
'the Slate or Territory from which he esca
' ped, and shall prevent all molestation of
such person or persons, by any process
issued by any court, judge, magistrate, or
other person, whomsoever.
7. 1 hat any person who shall know-
dy of such claimant, his or her agent or
attorney, or other person, or persons law
fully assisting as aforesaid, when so arres
ted pursuant to the authority herein given
and declared ; or shall aid, abet or assist
such person so owing service or labor as
aforesaid directly or indirectly to escape
from such claimant, his agent or attorney,
or other person or persons legally author
ized as aforesaid ; or shall harbor or con
ceal such fugitive, so as to prevent the dis
covery and arrest ol such person, alter
notice or knowledge of the fact that such
person as a fugitive from service or labor
as aforesaid, shall, for either of said offen
ces, be subjected to a fine not exceeding
31,000, and imprisonment not exceeding
six months, by indictment nnd conviction
before the District Court of the United
giates for the District in which such oflense
- ,, hve been committed, or before the
proper Court of criminal jurisdiction, if
committed within any one of the organized
Territories of the United States ; aud shall
moreover, forfeit and pay, by way of civil
damagea to the party injured by such ille
gal conduct, the sum or $1,000, lo be re
covered by action of debt, in any of the
District or Territorial Courts aforesaid,
within whose jurisdiction the taid offense
may have been committed.
The 8'h section gives the Commissioner
a fee of 100 in case a certificate is grant
ed, and only S3 if !io deems the proof in
sufficient ', the usual fee o the Marshals,
and Clerks of th U. S. Courts i and S3
and cxp'-ntej to the per3ns executing the
warrmt; wh'c'j fi'es an J expenses are
;,avp i.fore any court of record where
mnnt, but in tho absence of this, does not
Claimed as a fuaitive.
j The bill parsed the Senate by 27 to 12,
' Senator Sturgeon voting for it ; and Coop
1 cr noainst it.
vol in '.
!1 Senators absent, or noti
j Tne vote in tin linns stoid, yeas 109,
' ft,,yS 75. Ab-n', or n it voting, 43.
The following is tlie first verse of Bay
ard Ta lur's prize song, which was omit
ted when set to music fur the sake of brev
ity. ithout i! the song seems to com
mence abruptly :
Ti. ail tint in silence lht heart mnt reveal
What the f.ilt- ri".i lip lo it.- pleading denies.
When tie warmth of its ln-ntm-i we may uot conceal,
And ;rr:itcl'iil i-iii"tioti is of. in tlie eyes.
Hut silence itrelf. in lh reyion of sou;.'.
Is nm-ic uoeie - 1, r :!.'! purer in tone. -And
the min.tre t v. I. esc Ik.jk to that r Rion bvlun,
Mu.'t fi'l in it Wi-uuful LniiEuao" alone.
Yrr m the Xnti nal K;a.
" Enreka" I hive Found 1L
. , ., v ..!
Lona vears n"o, ben the iNew W orlu i
" unmolested in is will jrandeur.an
, ,., t i.r
nuian king iii iu ru c i.ut nrin sway over
,nc ,r,:KS unynu tnc golden mountains.
. r-: i . i : .. -.i. -t ,
rwiti iuiu n a nuuu warrur, kiiii a wnu,
U.iv:ire soul, itl filled tu the "iant. athlr-tic
, , t.
, lran,!? ,ni1 ipre" PuJ tiignny solar
above the dark forms nrmnd him. None
JarrJ riist 1 " erful will none
V'ared incur bis fearful atiyer. The flash
I"1" his fi,r p.vc nt'vcr "r'f'Pned but in the
among the moun:ains. V ith eager haste
and silent wonJcr, Kinaulu, with a score
of chiefs, began the ascent of the rugged
rocks. On and on they bounded, leaping
among the awlul chasms, or balancing on
some dizzy height ; yet ever up and on.
Louder and nearer rang the strange voice,
and now, with clear distinctness, came the
shout: " Kureka! Eureka!''
One moment more, and the savage band
reached a broad, flat rock, where a novel
sight filled them with awe and fear.
There stood a group of pale men, in
Spanish garb, Irom beyond the seas. One
prominent, manly figure, with outstretched
arms and beaming lace, gazed far away
upon the Pacific, that lay in majestic gran
deur below them. With glistening eyes,
and proud enthusiasm swelling his heart,
another joyous " Eureka !" burst from his
burning lips, and echoed and re-echoed
among the rocks, and then rolled down the
mountain sides in thundering tones.
Months of weary toil and suffering were
repaid in this hour of joy, while beholding
ihe long sought waters ; and, with pious
zeal, Vasco de Balboa and his sturdy band
knelt in gratitude before the newly-erected
The dusky warriors looked on in mo
tionless surprise, till assured they beheld
mortals like themselves ; then with silent
footsteps retraced their way down the
mountain defiles to thedark wilderness be
low. Kinaulu liked not the resounding
" Eureka," though lhe strange intruders
came to smoke lhe pipe of peace and
promised the protection of their gods.
The timid Monita beheld the mysterious
comers with awe and admiration. Vasco
saw the wild flower, and in an entbusias
tic passion vowed to transplant it to his
native soil. Uis noble beauty and prince
ly bearing won the maiden's heart, and
she fled with the white warrior.
'The seal motto of California-
With threatening vengence flew the
swift-footed Kinaulu in pursuit of his lost
Monita. Over the rorks and up the
mountain heights he bounded in unwearied
strength. Away, away strode the giant
chieftain, till from the topmost pinnacle he
looked down upon the fugilives, wlm clam
bered among ihe passes in anxious haste.
One momont his flashing eyes were fixed
upon them, and then, with unerring aim,
a quivering arrow sped to Mnn'tes heart.
Silently he saw her fall, but anger gleam'
while man's march. Cities spring up as
in the days of magic, and the wild exciting
cry, " Eureka !" again resounds a.nong
the mountains and along the coasts of the
Golden Land. But the curse of the Indian
chieftain hanss I.ke a cloud over
a cloud over that
ravcs wr,ie yearning hearts wait their
"cmrn lo distant firesides. The restslrug-
gle bravely on.now casting a wistful, long-
j gancc towards the far-oflhome ; then,
with fresh courage, seek the glittering dust
so eagerly gathered. The miner comes
down with his booty, but the wily gnmbler
wins his treasure. The merchant speeds
his trade nnd counts his thousands ; but
in a night it is all swept away, and naught
remains but a burning ruin- The mechan
ic tries his skill, but the stormy waters
rush upon his handiwork, and labor is lost.
Again hope leads them to the weary search
for gold, but the spirit of Mouila guides I
them hither and thither, and they wander!
ur and down, tormented and bewildered.
! Some strong hearts resist the whisperings
of the wandering spirit, and they alone
break the spell : but the Indian's cur-e
rests heavily upon the land of his fathers,
and " Eureka 1' dies faintly upon the lips
of the weary and heart sick who fiuds no
reward for his toil. Ihi:k.
Jenny LInd and her Singing.
iVjthout participating at all in the musi
cal mania with which the town is afflicted,
we have heard enough of the wonderful
powers of this great vocalist to account for
the unparalleled interest created by her!
:..:' k.,u, ........ ,k ..;...
3IIIIU. .Sllll OilCI Mlgll. III& 9IUI.IUU9
area of Castle Garden has been crowded
to excess by eager multitudes, who have
sat in breathless silence beneath her magic
spells, a vast and most affecting testimony
to the supremacy of genius, and the in
comprehensible power of music upon the
human soul. VVe hardly know of a more
suggestive and impressive sprclacle than
these colossal concerts have afforded.
There must be a power in song which our
philosophy has too little dreamed of, and
which is capable of being turned to a
mighty moral tflict. Surely an agency
of such wonderful potency ought to be
more valued than it is, and ought to be en
listed more thoroughly than it ever has
been in the service of religion and man's
spiritual good. We believe the time is
coming when it will be.
It is but to echo the universal expression
to praise the performance of this extraordi
nary and peerless singer. ller magic
power confounds all criticism, and defies
all analysis. No one can define the pe
culiar element of voice or manner which
makes Jenny Lind the best singer in the
world, yet nobody doubts she is such.
Neither can any one specify the one pecu
liarity of Shakspeare's greatness. It is bis
universality that makes him so peerless.
Miss Lind has several qualities, either of
which alone would make her great ; and
the glorious combination of all of which
makes her the greatest of vocalists. ller
genius is many sided ; she accordingly
pleases all tastes, and subdues all hearts
Cultivation is not necessary to appreciate
her ; the child and the amateur alike give
homage to her genius. In her varied and
universal excellences, there is something
that touches the heart of every one. U'e
doubt if there was ever a vocalist to whom
there was so little dissent. Snarling criti
cism itself lies down and smiles at her feet.
The infinite ease and grace wilh which
the loftiest vocal efforts are made, is one
amazing characteristic which gives her
great power. We always reverence what
is beyond oar comprehension. Jenny
Lind never exhausts herself ; in the most
daring and gigantic of her vocal feats,) here
is such a sense of abundance ol power left,
ucb depth end breadth of genius still un-
explored, that the hearer is not only put
entirely at rest, but ftels a kind of awe
spreading over him, as before the unre
vealed strength of a supernatural being
Hence there is nothing mechanical in her
winging the thought of art does no: enter
the mind. It does not seem possible that
she has endured years of toilsome practice
to attain her astonishing facrtity ; her flex -
ible, gracelul, natural powers, seem lo
have been b3rn with her. We tbiuk of
the caroling of birds, the music r,f water
falls, and the eloquent woods. We drink
in her warblings with the same delight and
reverence that we feel when e listen to
the harmonics of nature. Such music
must be profnable and puri'ying ; and we
can not but believe that mnny a mind will
catch an idea of what muM Le the glory
and beauty of the world of harmony, or
der and love, which perhaps no grosser
species of instruction could impart.
Perhaps, too the character ef the woman
has imperceptibly blended with her music.
imparting a portion of lis generous and;
whole-souled impulse. She is known to I
be a pure, self-forgettina. generous woman.
The story of her benevolenc, her child-like
simplicity, and truth, is wide spread as the
knowledge o( her vocal powers. We
would not separate the two if we cou'd.
It helps the moral efTect of her muic, to
think that her life and soul are in unison
with its elevated strains. Indeed, she
could not be the singer she i, wrj she
otherwise. She sings from her heart, and,
ol course, sings to the heart. We think
it an admirable proof ol' the necessity of
moral culture to the full development of the
voice. Young dedans an undevout as
tronomer mad ; Miss Lir.d proves an im
pure and selfish singer impossible. Nor
should we overlook, in our estimate, the
great influence of her position relative to
the stage. Ii is a great thing lor morality
and religion, that the first singer in the
world has renounced the theatre aod the
opera, after full proof of their tendency
and character. Genius is coming to find
nut her natural allies. Music, poetry.
painting Art in all its beauteous aspects
beginning to feel its eternal affinities
ith moral P',ri,y on'1 goodness. Let us
lhank Jl-nny L!nJ krone signal lesson of
a 6reat Bnd ill understood truth. Sew
"Is the world growing better or worse!"
IVe insist that it is growing better. No
one evil exists to so great on extent in pro
portion to the whole population, as it did
forty years ago, or twenty-five years ago.
Forty years bring the whole period within
our recollection. There is less war and
less of the war spirit, and more opposition
to war and the spirit of war. There is
Inja nltarfnlini l.n aai, ! a tm nn.l 1
T , g"S:
,han there used ,0 be- 'e can remember
when a man who would take an insult
without fighting in the street was shunned
and despised as a coward nnd a mean fel
low ; now, he who thus fights is covered
with disgrace. There is less licentiousness
and more out-spoken opposition to that
which exists- U'e can remember when it
was worth a minister's reputation to lec
ture against this sin, but now the pulpit
thunders and lhe press repeats the echc.
Time has been when the innocent could be
betrayed, seduced and ruined with impuni
ty, or at least the perpetrator was subjec
ted to a small pecuniary loss in the shape
of damage for doing what is beyond repair, i
and for taking what is above price. Now
J those who can he proved guilty of the
1 same offence, in this and some o'her States.
i find a home in the State's orison. There i
,s lis,. .k,er. n,l mora onin l .U. '
. . . . . . ... .
wnicn remains, ana our. icw ooiidi mat tne
days of slavery are numbered, and that
its end hasteneth. True Wesley an.
The following anecdote is re'die.-f of Fa
ther Moody, who graduated at Harvard
College in 1697.
CoMngraham a wealthy pariahoner had
retained his large stock of corn in lime of
great scarcity, in hope of raising the price.
Father Moody heard of it, and resolved
upon a public attack upon the transgressor.
So he arose in the pulpit one Sabbath and
named as his text, Prov. xi. 17 : " He that
wiihholdeth corn, the people shall curse
him ; but blessings shall be upon him that
selleth it.'' Col. Ingraham could not but
know to whom reference was made ; but
held up his head and faced bis pastor with
a look of stoic unconsciousness. Father
Moody went on with some very applicable
remarks, but Col. Ingraham still pretended
not to understand the allusion. Father
Moody grew very warm, and still more di
rect in hisremarksupon matters and things
But Col. Ingrahom still held op bis head
as high, if not higher than ever, and would
not put on the coat prepared for him. Fa
ther M. at length lost all patience. "Col.
Ingraham," said be, "you know I mean
you. Why don't you hang down your
"A new broom sweeps clean.'
Freaks of Fortune.
There is a man w ho has seen some-fifty
Rummers, of a good stature nnd command
ing figure, who drfvca Waverly omnibus,
and who has actually gron gray in thn
serviiT. Hi; commenced his ocrupttion
in March, 1833, now more than seventeen
years past, and has pursued it most of th
: time since. Hi fatter was. s tealihv op-'
noisterer, lor many j .'niune siir,
and now he is a rich retired o'd r.er,i:emar.
highly respectable, on Long Uland. Th
son is a man U fit.e rapacity, has a mora
than ordinary intellect, and i Handsomely
educated. Uis fast living for a while ptef
ty rapid'y dissolved two moderate fortune,
which together w'uh some family disngret
ments, bad the effect of enstr.ingcn.ciii be
twern himsel! and father. Ail ill feeling .
is now over, lis father has given birrf
forty thousand dollars, a small po;ti in cf
what he doubtless will receivt :l.e ii.ttrctt
ol w hich he draws as he d'-s re, and ap
propriates ns he likes. H l:v-s witbLisf
family in a snug rot'aje in T ii:y-s cor.fi
strict, in a quiet Christian-like wiV-sU,!
following bis profession of s'Hg-vdiiviin
because h llke" It bee au-e it is pastime -'
because he earns his living by it, and not
from compulsion. M.ir.y of the ten thou
sand passengers who ride in that excellent
line have, doubtless, remarked this extra
ordinary man, with his piercing blark eye,
his long black hair now mixrd uith white,
his brow n face, his tall and ra'her slender
figure, his broad brimmed ha', and tKe
rapidity of his movements his jtae pas
sengers little thinking that tl.ey were
ihrus'.ing iheir sixpences in the finger
that had at their command feny thousin f
dollars. .V I". Tay Book.
FR0H CALIFORNIA '
By the arrival of the steamer Cherrkw
at New York, on Fn'urd-ty n ornin. from
Chagres, we have San Francisco date ti
the 1st ofSeptembcr, incluiv.
The news is highly encouraging, in'
every point of view. The yevious re
port of the burning of Sacramento City
proves to have been unfounded, order haw
ing been restored among the j-njle. The
wounds received by Mayor Iligelow wilt
not be fatal.
In the different melee between the ci't'
zens and rioters, there seems to have lwrr
killed on the part of the former, Shtiitr
McKenney and Mr. Woodland ; wouuJeJ,
Mayer Bigelow ind Cpt. K'dford. Of
ihe squattrrs, George W. flenshaw nnd
M.idisnn Kelly were killed. Alen, the
keeper of the house from which the firt
shot was fired, fled, after beng dngero;tslv
wounded. He was pursued anil raptured.
His wife had been dangerously ill torsomp
tirre, and died from excitement during th
The excite nf against the foreigners in
the southern mines has subsided, nnd the
assassinations hate alirost whdlly rraxer1
A large number ol Chilians and Mexicans
have left the country in consequi nee ol the
law compiling them ti lako rutl, tn-es
to mine, and business in the S.m Juuq-on'
district has snlTeird in consequence ; but,
nevertheless, the mining opera'icns ar
still prosecu'ed with indusiry and ncrr.
In the Mariposa mines stfam n;arhitiry
has been brought into requisition in crush
ing the quartz rock, nnd the reu!i promise
amply lo reward thoe engaccd in the tn
terprse. Business, hitherto backward, r..n .ivrrt
some indication i f improvement. In Sj
ramemo there is a decided Irisknrss.
WashiUjct.'n Irving we see ir fluted? wi.f
Le ab!e to k,fT crpy right in England.
" WmS' WT-'IUSC, thoU"h htj W IS bom
psrents were born ir Kn.-UnC,
and ihis makes him, according i. Knisf
law, an Kngiishm.tn, and thcrelbre. entities
him to take cut a copyright.
Hon. John II. I.iur.pkin, in a speech ul
a public meeting in Georgia, said Ihat thi:
bill introduced into the Senate, by Mr.
Douglass author zino California t lor nr i
constitution, lo be adu.itttd as u State, mil
lhe approval of Mr. Polk.
It is said now that Jenny Lin I intends
to devote her American profits lo ihu
establishment of a s-hool lor ths Christian
education of poor children iu Sweden, ti
whom few opportunities are now gitcn. A
noble object, truly.
There is a manufactory at Oswego, N.
Y., which turns out forty thousand pounds
of starch per week, made of indian corn.
The starch is said lo be of the purest ami
. The Green Bay Advocate savs ih the
people of the "Upper Peninsula" ol Michi
gan are agitating the project ol reparation
from the State, and the Icrmatjon t,f a r.e
(iov. Floyd, of Virginia, is now rn a
visit lo the Stale of New York, to inspect
the plank roads and other improvement
of the Empire State.
300,000 Holsteiners are still in face of
35,000 Danes. Both armies occupy strong
positions, which they are daily strengthen
ing by fortifications.
The North Westward of Reading. P..
contains 1341 male and 1341 terns it s.
U hat place can beat that 1