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I " .-"ibis;. , '- INDUSTRY MAK7TnTrBESEllTDLOOMt WHILE IDLBKES3 LEADS TO. KUIN. . v Z. ' . ,S
I w ; "Vol. 1. ' , ' SI?. GEORGE, UTAH, JULY, 1881. Nyf; 17. I ' !
f a1'' ?- The Silkvoitmyind lh's Critic.
""' i'''" ' ' ;v . y
. AN AFOLOGUFrUQMyTHE FREKClf;,
A ' ( JAn idle worm vhpse home is found , ' .
M " '('And hcncc:his narn) Within the. grouHd,
t Whore, hidden from the cheerful day,
ffl t ,n lie feats upd sleeps his life away, j
J ...One summer eve came crawling; out,
- And, gazing lazily abpu,.
see What he might-chance to set; ?
1 He'spied upon a mulberry tree J y
j H A silkworm, who withpati'enkskiil
spinning, spinning:, spinning still
1Q The -tiny thread from which is made
. Jfhe finest satin and brocade
Hi 1 1 i n
' And many a charming web beside. ;
"f1rti 'rool thrtt yon at c !n the. eath-wokm cried ;
f f t'l rYith never-ending toil to spin ' "
t.M , Your life, away, and. all to win, ;''
.iPy working- like a galley-slave, ,
,,).. A weary life an early grave; .
Pray what but censure do you gain ' ' 11 ''
' For making silly women vain 1"
' ' Cease, cease your toil, unhappy, worm !
Nor "squander thus life's fleeting'tcrrri; ;
jjj ,,1-earn the high art yourself to please
t livclike me in. perfect cascH,
. To him the St i.k-wo,rm thus replies. . ,.
' UI do not deem your counsel wise; t 'J
Come when it may; my death ensures .' a
', hM$ More honor than a like yours ; ;
tij...- ) ..ffc;; Consumed in, luxury nnd sloth;-' ' '
i htif tA'nd death is common" to us both) i (ftt1
Kor while I -labor to prepare "7 . . .
The threads designed to please the fair, -Methinks
I listeirto the prnisfi e )
Of happy maids on bridal-da3s; .f,IT
-!tT 'j'hVrustle of each silken dress , , i
IJiiiru Comes like a voice the name to bless "
. , ' Of one who wisely understood' '
The luxury of doing- good': ) ":t V
A.Kpd"Hke pleasure .never known, ,;. i
." To lim vho serves himself alone !" , ,
'' ' ' John G. Saxe.
I M1 iii' i l3 1 "tWr " --
i " ' " I Some Indian Foods.1
Ife "Anv inquiry concerning the food of the Abor-
. ..c-igiriiesis i interesting, as it reveals many plants
' i which might be used as food in times of scarcity,
u iind which arc, wholly unknown to common people
l ) and very little known by men of science. It is
-not to'be understood that the substances which we
, -f describe are used by all Indians. Those who re
''reiye annuities and those who arc confined to res
ervations, having become partly agricultural find
other means of subsistence. But the wild, unset
tled tribes, who travel over thousands of miles of
territory, and never remain in the same spot ir,or(e
v. Ik than Mo or three days, are often compelled to
make use of singular substances. Very few or
ganic substances, not known to be poisonous, are
' . to be found, which do not enter into their list of
j foods. ' , .
' Clover enters very largely into the list. It is
! generally boiled, hut sometimes eaten in its raw
" state. "Their manner of boiling their food HMiig-
I .- ular, and it may be well to describe it. First, a
I- hollow ih a rock is found, large enough to contain
1 . a sufficient quantity of water, then a fire is built,
; " and stones are heated red hot. The hollow is fill-
f ed with water; and the red hot stones are dropped
I into it; as fast as they are cooled they are taken
I ' out, and their places filled with others. In this
1 j manner nearly all their vegetable foods are cooked.,
lt , The root of the yellow pond lily forms an nn-
1 , t- portant item. . It is found in the water fotir or five
I ' feet deep, and the Indian women dive for it,
1 ' brfnging it up in pieces one or two feet long.
. Musk rats store it up in large quantities, and the
I Indians contrive to steal their supply. The seeds
are also ustjd either ground and made into cake,
or parched and eaten like pop corn.
The root of a species of fern known as the
Pier i aQxiilma. has a pungency which reders it
disagrcjib'ie to the taste when raw, is roasted and
I eaten in large quantities. When properly cooked
! it has a taste similar to that of wheat dough.
The root of the cattail flag is a favorite dish,
whether roasted, or boiled, or pound ad, and made
into a cake. Before starting on a jourrtey, the
Indians genurally procure a quantity of this' foot
lb chew on the way, as a preventative of thirst.
The inner bark of nearly all trees is eaten, but
.thatof'thc pine is cdnsideredi choicest. That of
the birch is next in flavor. It is generally dried,
jpouhded.' and made into bfcrul. When new and'
fresh, this bread is not unpleasant . to the tastet
"but "when old, it has a "strong flavor resembling
the wood of which it is made. The tender twigs
of.manv trees are olten. chopped and Cooked m
oil. When cooked in buffalo Hit, they form a
very agreable dish, though not very nutritious.
'I he fruit of a' species of cactus known as the
"Spanish bayonet!" is highly esteemed when
fresh and green; but when ripe and dry, it ia a
powerful cathartic. Some soldiers once captured
a-a;large amount from the Apaches, arid being ur
acqu;tinted with its properties, ate a considerable
quantity. The result was, that for some ' time no
calls were made on the medicine chest lor saks or
castor oil. s
Of animals, no part except the skeleton is re,
:- .fit f
jectedf and .as 'Six a$my observations extend,
there is' no living thing which they wi 1 refuse.
Snakes, toads,'bugs, Hzni-ds, worms, and vermin
of all'kinds are acceptable and are eaten with a
rdish.B. C. Mo'rsbce, in 'The, Growing World.
Acorns, also, arc consumed as food, either
made into cakes, bread, or mush.. The acorns are j
bitter, but the bitterness is extracted by filtering, ,
first removing the shells, thert pounding them in a '
kind of mortar until they are , fine as' ordinary
meal: A shallow basin is then ' scooped but in
cbarse. sand,' the1 meal placed in this basin and
water poured on it until" the bitter taste has1 all
been filtered out., They frequently, "taste the .mat
by placing the fore'fingjpr in the basin, a peculiar
twisting motion. causes a large quantity to adhere
and this is dexterously transferred to the nibht'h.;
When the filtering is satisfactory, the top is gath- ,
eredand dried or used at once as may be required. '
That at the bottom is taken up with a gooddeal df
sand. Water is then added to reduce its cpnsis
tency and allow the sand to sink to the bottom
The top is then poured off carefully. 'Xliis i re;
peated several times; until at the end not an ounce
of the mqal will he Avastcd.
Our Illustration, (which we obtained from
James Vick, Rochester. N. Y.) shows a group of
Natives preparing the acorns for food.
: In Vick's Floral Guide we findthe following
interesting article concerning thfc Indians of . the
Vosemite Valley; California, which we consider
worthy of space ,in our columns in connection
with the above: . . . n K M'' - '
uThe Indians of the valley are not without thir
traditions. Once they were happy and prosper
ous ; the valley war. fertile and rain abundant, fur-
nishing them with corn and wild fruit, while the , m -1
neighboring mountains abounded in game. They 9 '-
.were the favorites of a Grc'at Spirit who watched 1 w ' n
over their interests, and who was tsometimes seen ,'; Jf j
on the North. Dome, where he usually came to , m ".
look upon the pleasant valley and hisrtdchildrcn. , v' A
, On the opposite side of the valley is.-a mountain ' jt M ;,
called Cloud's llest, because at almost all times -- m
fleecy clouds maybe seen hovering about its crest. a
Occasionally a beautiful goddess was, seen on this 1
mountain beautiful as the rainbow and glorious ., f
as the sun. By some wickedu'ecs the chiefs had , 5 ;
offended hcir godand he had departed fropithern. 1 ,r , j
It Gained n'o more, their corn Vas ruined, the .
streams dried, and 'the game forsdok the moun- -
taiiis. , The' poor Indians were starving. In vain !
.they app.ealed to their god, who rertaincd deaf to J
their cries.. The beautiful goddess sat on one of
the fleecy clouds on the summit of Cloud's Rest. ' !
She saw their condition, her heart was filled with ;
compassion, and in mercy caused the mountains tu
bring forth water, and the MorcedJ' or River of ' .1
Merev, to floy through their vallejvbringirig hope
and life to the hopeless and dying. : '
The Indians of the Yosemitfj believe in a Good - ' , , :
and a Bad Spirit. The Good Spirit is the Indian's , i
friend, but. tnc Bad Spirit is on (he constant watch -,
to do them harm. They think, too, that man pos- '
sesses an immortal spirit, and its- home b the
heart. It lives there, .even after the man is appar
ently dead, until mortification sets "in, when it Is
compelled to abandon its failing tenemeut. The J
Good Spirit watches for the xnomeut whfcn thf V
spirit of tlie Indian is compelled to leave its if tor- ' sMM
tal home, to conduct it to the Indians1 hapny hunt- m
ing grounds. The Bad Spirit is eaually alert, and Km
if possible will seize the poor Indian's soul the fflM
moment-it leaves the body, to drag it away tn a MM
home of poverty and misery. The Bad ,bpit ,jm
though abounding in evil, is not very smart, and 4fi
is often deceived, evqn by the Indians. ffTJie plan tm
of 4'foolrngM the Evll'Spirit is this:,. The hodv MM
miist be destroyed speedil3'. so that the Indians fJM
may know Just the time ynun the soul ,t:il;fs lU &BJ
departure. To 'accpmplish' t'hts they hum their tfp
dead. ,The friends are all summoned tu attend mm
ihc funeral. The pile of wepd is; arranged so as MB
'to insure rapid" combustion.. After the hoily is wm
placed upon the pile, the nearest Relative commn- clfl
liicates the fire. All atlqu.ding 4the funeral are 11
drcsjsd in the mojt uncouth garbs imaginable, MM
and are painted in the most frightful' manner. WM
Each one carries'.! flag, painted with tome un- , WM
couth or horriple p'esign- As soon as the fire fjL'fl
reaches the body, they commence dancing and pm
.wliboping around the pile, making the most i right- M
fuL noise possible, jumping anil leaping, assault- M
ingeach other, etc. all of which attracts tlie at- Rj
teptfon of the Bad Spirit, when suddenly, as the fl
fire reaches the heart, the spirit of the poor Indian I
escapes, and the bad fellow after awhile wakes up f
to find that in consequence of nut attending his
business lias lost the game."
'There aresays and-exchange, 20j more males . 1
than.females in Winnebago countyVis.' ' , f I
Capt. Isaac Miles, near Janesyille, Wis., has
anlox which is four years old.' Its girth' is 8 feet SM
a inches. The "critter,' stands" t6 hands i 'inch
(high, and weighs 2,500 lbs. . g
To(cure e.-r achcjfpufcbrbwn sugar on a pan , M
and burn it, and let the smoke into the ear through
a funnel placed over the sugar. It is said to He a
cure relief. ML
1 1 mm
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