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BIGQEST GUN IN WORLD BUILT
FOB OUR COAST DEFENSES.
"Welglis 130 Tons and Fires a 2,500
Pound Projectile Over Thirty
Miles Now Being Tested
at Sandy Hook.
As In the cnso of a good many other
things, tho United States loads tne
world In tho building ot big ordnance.
Thero Is .now at Sandy Hook proving
grounds the biggest cannon ever
turned out In tho world. Not oven the
Krupp gun works ot Germany have
ever dreamed of making such a gun.
Tho weapon referred to Is 20 yards
long .and weighs 13-tons. The projec
tllo discharged by this monster" Is 10
inches In diameter and Ave feet long
and weighs a ton and a quarter.
The charge or smokeless powder Is
of 1,000 pounds weight, and when tho
projectile leaves the muzzlo it Is trav
eling at the rate of 2,300 feet a second.
The cost of each shot fired, at the low
est estimate, Is 91,500.
Tho gua has been discharged eight
times. It Is calculated that it can be
I-,! -GARLAND, UTAH- .
SUNDAY & MONDAY TUES. & WEDNESDAY
August 1 9th and 20th Auqust 2 I st and 22nd
M v!Bi 'M& ,lv. "BBjRMPIBBB 'few kflllVfll tl 1 L. "j ""HBlL- m
I I ;HPBfflHffl ARDEN HOWARD DA SUVA - EMLYH W1U1AMS RUTH WARRICK VANESSA BROWH
I I MtlH THURS.-FRi.-SAT.
I Ckiira iHHRPiill Auqust 23rd, 24th and 25th
I jNpfe 1P K-CliEIPf histohu's ihdst BEHumub nnn
I A JOAN If ROBERT ife LSiL iit, 8
I Crawford-Young W Spj
FRANK JW Slil 5fc Hi
I ' 'oodbye,1y Fancy iwiiSili
w,th EVE ARDEN lllfrlffnffK 4
H Ing tho number of business failures
laHt year In tho United States and tho
causes to which they era attributable.
H U Is stated that there were 1,201,862
IfJ concerns engaged In business In 1901,
H and thnt of theso 10,048 failed, or con
! slderably less than ono per rent, of tin
H whole, a lower percontugo than has oc
B curred In any year slnco 1882, savo In
H '.he year 1900.
H Bradstreet's classifies the causes of
B failures under cloven heads, and give
H lso iho number which It regards as
1H ittrlbulablo to each causo. Of the
H eleven, "lack of capital" takes tho lead
Bl as most proline In Inducing fal'urcs,
B those ascribed to It numbering 3 323.
B 'Incompetence" comes next on the list.,
IB ind ,8 made accountable for 2,"2r and
IB then "specific conditions," by wh'ch Is
Q moans such things aB strikes tits corn
B crP failure, tho assassination of Pres-
H Idont McKlnley, tho lowered prlr- of
II :otton at tho south and similar events
H 3f a disastrous tendency. To thosn 1.-
H 755 business failures are traced. Next
In numbor were failures arising from
H 'frndulent dispensation of property"
H and amounting to 1,154.
H .Qerman Froveib.
3 A lean compromise Is better tnau a
B fat lawsuit
Basketball on horsei-nck is tho latent
nnd also one ot the most dangerous
and thrilling sports uius far dovlsed.
The game has found considerable fa
vor among New York's rich young
men, for It Is only the well-to-do who
can afford to play It.
Four players make up a team.- Tho
play is exactly the sr.aio as In tho or
dinary basketball afoot. Scoring Is
cimuar and the object, or course, is to
throw the ball Into your opponent's
basket, thereby scoring a goal.
When tho signal Is given to begin
play each side, nil tho players mount
ed, lines up tinder Its own bad of.
When the referee tosses the ball Id o
tho center of tho playing spaco one
man from each fcur dashes out at full
speed toward tho rolling ball and dives
from his horse In the effort to be the
first to touch It. The player touching
tho leathern sphere first Is entitled to
With tho ball on his arm ho Is al
lowed to remount and dash for his op
ponent's goal,- As the rules require
thp.t no player hold the ball moro than
five seconds, the object of the play is
for tho sldo that has the ball to ad-
-iuur lnjiuea la iiuiiu iuu iiiutiy lur It uoi
game. Tho keep of such a string Is ex
pensive, with tho wages of a groom
extra. Then thero are- all sorts ol
riding equipments necessnry, and til's
togs In which to play tho game. Any
body who goes Into the gnmo'serlousl,"
must count on spending at least a con
pie of thousand dollars for the fun h
expects to have.
Mrs. Dot dem I'm glad you like the
rooms. But er excuso mo can you
give mo any references? As you are
a strangor, I know, I
I Mr. Bentlmr I quite understand. I
I have no roferencos, but I can show you
' receipted board bills from every land
: lady I evor had.
' Mrs. Horden Send your trunk right
up. Cleveland Loader.
Lord Do KendiiH Pahdon me fer say
ing It, but you Amorlcans have such
beastly mannahs, y' know. Nobody I
met, ovah thero, know how to dross
correctly, speak grammatically, or even
cat decently, bah Jovo!
' Miss O'illo what n pity It Is you
couldn't Invo had an opportunity to
meet any of our nice poDplol Clevc
i land Lead
The House He Built Her.
BY E. L. DITHRIDGE.
(Copyright, 10, by Dally Story Tub. Co.)
"Yes," said tho cldor mnn, "you may,
but only after you have compiled with
h certain condition."
i Tho other leaned forward eagerly,
hoping tho condition would bo within
his powers to perform. Ills oyes
glowed; his lips parted; his hands
clasped, nnd his fingers twisted anx
iously, during tho pause that ensued.
Then tho condition camo, short, forci
ble and abrupt:
"First build her a housol"
Well, It was a hard requirement nt
best, and almost an Imposstblo one.
Yet he mado up his mind at onco that
he would comply with tho condition.
Jnmes Burton was n young engineer
trying to moke his fortune In tho
mines of Moxlco. Ho had no money
with which to start Independently, so
ho had engaged as an assistant In tho
employ of a largo company operating
near Mexico City. Ho had now been
In tho country six months, nnd during
that period had grown to love tho
daughter of a wealthy ranch owner.
Tho "ranchero" had practically no
English education himself, but had
provided a way for tho education of
his children In both English and Span-
l-U III. I.lx.t .I... -hi a. A, ." "!
thrco-foom adobo houso built so as to
bo barely comfortable. A ridiculously
low figure, to bo sure! Hut It would
tnko him a long tlmo to save that
much, and If tho ndobes weren't mndo
during March, April and May, ho'd
havo to wait anothor year. It still
lacked two weoks to tho first of
March tlmo enough to build tho
foundation and tho company hnd
plenty of llmo nnd stone on hand. Mny
bo Mr. I.angdon would let him have
llmo and stono enough for the foun
dation If ho assumed the responsibil
ity of paying tho wages. Thero was
a mason working on a small addition
to tho mill building; maybe ho would
work on the foundation of tho little
houso during sparo time.
Burton figured that thu wages on
tho foundation would cost him twenty
dollars, that tho adobes" would cost
him forty dollars, and that ho could
get half tho quantity delivered in
March nnd tho other half In April.
Then ho could get about twenty dol
lars' worth of work done each month
until tho houso was completed.
As a slto for hor houso ho solected
the brow of a llttlo hl) a,bout a nine
fiom tho reduction plant and about
halt a mllo fiom tho line of the com
pany's property. Thero ho started
man excavating, for ho had dccldod to
deviate from tho Mexican custom and
have a little cellar.
Every evening ho would trot out on
horseback and tako n look nt tho prog
ress being mado. Ho was rathor dis
appointed at tho slow ruto of ndvnnce,
but couldn't blamo tho workman, for
the cnuso of tho troublo was self-evident.
Bight In tho mlddlo ot the holo
siuck a point or rock formed in a per
fect cono. Tho workman had tried to
dig It out; but as ho dug tho rock
seemed to grow; and by this tlmo It
was "a plain case of blast."
Getting this big rock out of tho way
meant more expense; and tho thought
of It mado Burton blue.
As ho stood thero musing on how
much extra the rock would cost him,
ho kicked at It absent-mindedly and
The sun was Just setting, nnd Its
rays struck squarely on tho placo
whore his boot had scraped off tho
earth from tho stone.
"My! That's n mighty bright sort
of stono!" thought Burton to himself.
"Guess I'll knock off a bit nnd seo
what It looks like Inside."
The houso ho built her was not fin
ished till two years later; but It was
located In tho American section of tho
Cltv of Mexico. Instead ot out In tho
Its mlr- .
J for Its
d her a
jn ol our
I of hon
overlook and the
afterward ho could dcscrlbo them with
exactness. Mr. Lucns, his latest blog
rnphor, gives Lamb's account of ono
teiuiher, Itev. Jnmes Boyer:
He had two wigs, wroto Lamb, both
pediintlc, but of differing omen. The
ono soreno, smiling, fresh-powdered,
betokening u mild day. Tho other, an
old, dlscolered, unkempt, angry cnxon,
denoting frequent nnd bloody execution.
Woe to tho school when ho made his
morning appearance In his pnssyorpas
slonnte wig. a
J. B. Had a heavy hand. Nothing was
moro common than to seo him make a
headlong entry into tho schoolroom
from his Inner recess or library, and
with1 turbulent oye, singling out a lad, j
roar out: I
"Od'a my llfo, sirrah, 1 havo a great
mind to whip you!" Then, with as sud
den a retracting Impulse, (ling back Into
his lair, and after a cooling lapse 'of
Homo minutes, during which ,nll but tho
culprit had totally forgotten tho context,
drive headlong out again, piecing out his
imperfect sense with tho oxpletory yell:
"And I will, too!"
In his gontler moods he had recourse
to an Ingenious method of whipping tea
boy and reading nt tho samo tlmo a
paragraph and a lash between,
LFARNING TO BE HANGMAN I
Tho New Incumbent Has Grewsoma
Rehearsals of His Unen
tevernl executions took placo recent
ly at Pontonvlllo prison on tho senf
fold which has been tho scene of tho
final exit of numerous notorious crim
inals, relates London Mall.
Tho executioner was Alec Taylor,
tho newly appointed common hangman,
nnd tho subjects "hanged" In set form
were lay figures of cloth nnd sand.
It Is, of course, essential that tho
ofnclnl thnt has to carry out tho last
dread rentenco of the law should first
thoroughly learn tho technique of his
Brewsomo profession to Insure that
when the time come3 all tho opera
tions will happen decently and In or
der. Therefore each new hangman
immediately after his appointment
joes through n realistic course of
training. In pursunnce of this policy,
Taylor, under tho guidance of ex
perienced prison officials who havo as
listed at many executions, Is now serv
ing his apprenticeship.
Sevcrnl sandbags shapod to repre
sent men of different weights wero
supplied for Taylor's practice. Ho was
instructed that men of varying builds
should bo given certain prescribed
drops" to effect Instantaneous death.
Then n snndbng 'made to tho rough
scmblanco nnd weight of a man was
placed on tho scaffold flap, Taylor
was told tho weight, tho nooso wan
properly adjusted, tho rcqulslto drop
arranged for and tho lover pulled.
This experiment was performed again
and again with differently wolghtcd
Tho other part of tho hangman's
training, the pinioning ot n con
demned prisoner, was even moro real
istic. For tho tlmo being stalwart
warders posed as condemned murder
ers. Taylor, practicing on them, was
shown the quickest and most effectivo
way ot securing the hands and feet.
DEALING IN CIGAR BANDS.
Tobacconists Have Quite a Call for
Them as Besult of
"I want a package of cigar bands,"
eald a bright-faced boy about 12 years
old, as he stepped up to the counter
in a tobacco shop.
"Ten or 25 cents " nsked tho pro-nrletor.
"Ten," returned the boy, as ho flung
down his dime, took his purchase and
"Yes, I do quite a business In cigar
bands," said tho tobacconist, according
to tho Chicago Inter Ocean. "It is
quite a fad among children to get
bands and pasto them on glass plates
aad bowls. I sell about as many pack
ages of bands as I do ot cigarettes,
and there Is more profit In It. Tho
youngsters do a thriving business
along the lino of barter and trade.
They take the bands to school nnd
iwnp duplicates with their school
mates. A rare band commands a high
premium nnd frequently Is worth half
1 dozen of the moro common varieties.
The youngsters keep on' tho alert for
bands, too, nnd they Jnro after every
one that comes from tho cigars of
their fathers and uncles and big
"In some respects tho new fad Is
not a bad' thing for the cigar trade.
The bands havo been a dead loss to
tobacconists, who In the end have to
pay for them. Thoy aro mado In Ger
many, at least all- tho fancy varieties,
and they add a little to tho cost of
each cigar. Trifling as it may be, tho
sum in the aggregate would enable
nny of us to keep stenm yachts and
automobiles. By selling tho bands at
tho rato of 25 for ten cents, tho cigar
manufacturers are able to get back
some ot the outlay that has been a
dead loss to them."
Historic Vermont Town.
Bennington is tho most peculiarly
interesting of all Vermont towns on
account ot its historical associations
as well as Its pictorial beauty. It Is
situated in tho extreme southwestern
portion of tho beautiful stato whoso
name, derived from two words, sig
nifies "green" and "mountain." It
was hero that the pride-swollen Bur
goyno cast n covetous oyo on tho sup
plies and stores gathered from tho
fertllo prolific Holds, and to secure
which for his hungry mercenaries ho
sont out on army early In August,
1777, under Col. Baum, composed
chlelly of Germans with a scattering
of British. From "Tho Charm of His
toric Bennington," by G. Marlon Bur
ton, In Four-Track News.
"Admiral" Not English.
Tho word "admiral" Is not of Eng
lish origin, but is from tho Arabic
"Emll el Bagh, ' or Lord of tho Sea.
Captain comes from tho Latin caput,
but mato Is from Icelandic, which
means n companion or equal. Cox
swain was originally tho man who (
pulled tho left oar In tho captain's
boat, which was known as tho cock-1
boat. This In turn Is n corruption ot
the word coraclo, n small round boat
used on tho Wyo and Usk rivers. So
coxswain comes to us from the Welsh.
I The Little Pitcher.
' "Now," said tho fond father to his
little dnughtcr, "I must go to town
nnd earn some money to buy bread
nnd butter for llttlo Anule."
i "And to buy yachU for dada," re
sponded tho child, who seemed to huvo
grasped tho humility of the situation.
Will Change Stamp.
Tho French postage- stamp, which
shows a sower sowing against tho
wind and with tho wrong foot ad
vanced, is to bo roformed, tho reform
bcrtnnluK with tho two sous stamp.
ALFONSO AS A' SCORCHER. M
Spanish King Tempted by the Ex- HhH
cellent Roads of France JIbBBBJ
I hardly exaggerate In saying they IhhhH
havo mado It more dangerous to walk bhhH
on n public rond at night here, says tho IIIIJ
French correspondent ot London Truth, H
than to face Japanese sharpshooters in jIIIIJ
Limiting tho pneo by police regula- iH
tlons has no effect In tho country. Tho ,'IIJ
thing is to limit tho power ot tho mil- -fflllj
chlno to go beyond a certain sp:cd. H
Tho official reports received nt tho H
ministry of tho Interior on King Al- )
fonso's motor feats on tho roadB round H
BlnrrlU will, 1 suppose, some day be :MIH
published. Meanwhile they will llo In jllH
tho archives ot that department. '
I hear from an official there that jAMII
gandarmos wcro placed along tho ronds )lll
on which ho had arranged to drive, -j
not so much to guard him from nna'r- J
chlsta and Carlls.ts as to preserve the IIH
wayfarers from his Impotuoslty as.n alH
It was thought that tho sight of a AIH
guardian ot public order in uniform 'J
would remind him ot tho obligations '9IH
tinder which ho lay to observe police -H
rules. This sometimes answered. ,, j
But it seems that there is such a lll
thing as a motor demon which is often jbbH
Indifferent to consequences, and that a jM
king mny bo prompted by it llko an IH
ordinary mortal. Alfonso was as ready JjH
to risk the safety of his novta as his 'H
own life. After tho rutty roads ot
Spain and thnt stony heath, tho Cam- -'
no, ho felt in Franco In n motor para- BBBbJ
dlso and acted accordingly. JJH
Unfortunately ho Is no exception. IIJ
Tho excellence ot tho French ronds, the J
mildness ot the climate, tho goodness (H
of the Inns and tho laxity with which -
poll co ruler aro enforced mnko France BjH
tho motorists' rccrcillon ground. aBBBBJ
Americans cross tho Atlantic to daih BbH
about hero ns recklessly as they please. MHHhJ
So do Austrlans, Hungarians and Ger- H
manB. I camo across the o'her day a SbbbJ
party of Swedes whi had come to HBBbJ
motor hero because In their own coun- IBbH
try they woro so often obliged to pull BaH
up by thoso gates that cross tho Swed- J
lsh roads In pastoral dlstrlctc ilBBBj
NO LONGER A CURIOSITY. H
Scientists Are Not Now Regarded as bBbH
Lions by Captains of " ' H
Exit tho traditional scientific man fl
with tho traditional 'Yankee- of the bbH
stage! Prof. Darlow, president of th( bbH
American Association for the Ad J
vnncement ot Science, writes that scl bbH
entitle leaders now sit with the., cap J
tains of Industry, not, as lions to b bbH
stared at but as representatives of scl- BBbH
enco not only applied but pure. The bbB
conception of a scientific man as
captain of Industry means simply the bbB
acknowledgment that science has a hhH
practical relation with the world and hhH
that fortunately tho public has ad- bbH
vanced far enough to seo that pure !
science sooner of later develops Into bbbH
uppllud science. J
Tho leaders of science aro to be v IbbbJ
placed In tho class of organizers, man- J
ngcrs of a sort of scientific trust. This BBBj
Is science to date. Whllo sclonco is J
organization Its basl" Is the power ot bbB
Investigating. An organizer Is ot no
uso until there Is something to or-
ganlze. And the materials on which UJB
the organlzor In science -must-rwork flaB
are not made by machinery, but by the BHlB
brains of Individual workers. Jjfl
DEPOPULATING IRELAND. M
Wholesale Departure of the Peo- B
pie for the United !
The deserted Island is the land ot
Erin. During the last summer whole bbJ
villages in Cavan, Gal way and Donega' J
have been depopulated and vast coun J
try sides In Mayo nnd Roscommon have bbJ
ben stripped of the remnants of thelt J
old tlmo hosts ot farm laborers. Every- BBBBJ
whero nro wholes.aloTJeparturesfor th' J
United States. Even In' the -remotest lH
rural hnmlets'tho'.-old ' pctoplo .can b lH
hoard lamenting-Fomo recent exodus ol lH
their most promising young boys aiK JH
, girls. Almost every man .or, womarl BlH
i tho traveler meets has a number ol - BBH
near relatives who have recently. lofl BBH
for tho United ' States. Emigrating lH
aioncloi orlst In every part ot tht IH
island. Every village h'ns a 'eleamshl- lH
nqcut to whoso ndvantngoit is to ust lH
every Inducement to 'iitflcienco-: Vit BH
young men and women' to emigrate fllH
Tho (laming posters which they flounl lfl
In the fnco3 of tho young pooplo whe nH
nro already resMvo """' over-nxlous ta IbB
gi. of er'ni thr h iroit transportation Hl
aid to their mln '-, '-' u'ous earning FI9
on tip further Ido rf tho Atlantic firwS
pro e Irrestlbly During to the nveragi It ill
Irlfh Ullage. IB
Dog Meat In Chlnn. a'fw
This llttlo sidelight on" life In a "J
Chlno-e cltv Is cllmed from tho Pe ' rWi
king nnd Tlent'ln .Times: "Two men WW
who hove been killing dogs and cati WS
nnd selling tbc-u to tho people ai it???
meat In tho western part of tho clt a$
wero caught a fow days ago, and In ftV
vestlgatlons by the police revealed t . P'J?i
tale of shocking cruelty. Ono has beer .;
sentenced to two wecCkV-and the othe- IS'i
to ten days' hard labor, ond a verj Wv"
light sontence, too." JiVi
Curb Put on Smoking. V$f
Iteccntly the Italian goyernment h K$JI
btied an order ihnt thero was to be ne !$!
smoking In business hours by offl SvSjI
clqls whoEO duties brought thon into jttdff
contact with tho public. For those BH
whoso duties do not It' ls"left to the JB
discretion of heads of departments to BlB
allow or to forbid vmnklng. But their S
discretion Is llmltoMo tho cigar and IB
the cigarette. Kq.rtaeJ are to be al- JB