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- (CfipyrlBhtifoS. 1949. WB.Il.'cfocWSrt.) " "'
CHAPTER XI. Continued.
Tlio 1'rlnco oQjouftlrfti( turtjedan
Angry countenance upophls 'frjcud,.
but tho keen-witted Muscovite looked
so kindly and yet so sndly upon htm
Oiaf after a -while the severity of his
p faco relaxed ns It had been against
his will, and with n quick gesture he
added, "I bellovo you love 1110, Ivan,
though Indeed your words nro no bet
ter thhn re.d-h'ot, pincers" In my heart."
''iAArqlyo'il, Louis?"' Tjrled Prince
Ivan. ( "I love you better than anj
brother I hnve, though they will never
live to thwart mo ns yours thwarts
you better even than my father, for
you do not keep mo out of my Inherit
ance!" Then In agnj;cr tone hejyont on:
"V love you so much Hint I will
pledgo my father's whole nrniy to help
you, flrstbj 'wlivyoy?twlfeJ' ncxLtg
tako Hohcnstoln, Kernsberg' and Ma-
rl.VpfVf iAlU ny'V;llm,l 'I yu 'arc
still' nVnbMous. why to" Plissunburg
and tho;Woftnnrk;,,jwhlch now tllC
Kxoeutioner's Son holds That would
makq n.noblo kingdom', to offer a fair
and wilful queen." '
"And for this ydu nt,k ?'"
"Only your love, Louis only your
lovpl And, l(lt plqase. you tho alli
ance "with thnt 'Prince of your honor
able houso, of which wo spoko Just
"Mr Bister Margaret; yotrmoan? 1
will do what I can, Ivan, but she also
Is wilful. You know she Is wilful! I
,f cannot compol her love I"
Tho Prlnco Ivan laughed.
"I am not so complaisant as you,
Louis, nor yet so modest. Qlvo me
my brldo on tho day Joan of the
Sword Hand sleeps In the palace of
Courtland, as Its princess, and I will
tako my cknnco of winning our Mar
B Joan rode on, silent, a furlong be
B foro all her men. Uchlnd her sulked
B Maurlco von Lynar. Hnd any been
B thero to note, their faces were 'now
B strangely alike In feature, and yet
moro curiously unllko In expression.
B Joan gazed forward Into tho distance
H llko n soul dead and about to be ro
ll born, planning' 'a now life. Mnurlce
Af von Lynar looked nore like' a naughty
B schoolboy whom sorao tyrant Fate,
B rod-wlcldlng. has compelled to obey
B against hist will.
II Soon Castlo Kcrnsberg floated up
II llko a cloud before them abovo the
B bluo and misty plain. Hut no word
H spoko Joan till that purple shndow
II had taken shnpo ns stately stono and
M A lime, nnd Aha could discern.-hor own
II 7 red lion flying abreast of tho banner
H of I.ouls of Courtland upon tho top-
H most plnnnclo of tho round tower.
H Then on n ljttlp, mound without- the
Bj town slio lialted and faced' about.
Bj "Men of Hohensteln," ' said the
H Duchess, In a clear, far-reaching nlto,
BJ "you havo followed me, asking 'no
H word of why or whoreforo, I liavo
M told you nothing, yet Is an oxplana(-
BJ tlon duo to you."
BJ "It Is tho will of Joan of tho
BJ Sword Hand! It Is enough!" repeat-
BJ cd the1 'four hundred lances! llijq a
H class (hat learns a lesson by rote.
If A lump roso In Joan's throat ns she
If tried to shape Into-words tho thoughts"
IB that surged within her. Sho felt
II strangely weak. Her prldo 'was not
M tho snmo ns of old', for the heart' of n
U woman liad .'grown up within her a
Bj heart of flesh. Surely that could not
H bo a tear In her eye? No; tho wind
IE lilew shrewdly out of tho west, to
BJ which- they were riding, ' '
II "I thank you, noblo gentjonicn,,"
H said Joan. "Now, as j'oii say, let us
II rldo Into Kcrnsberg."
II "And pull ,down thnt flag!" cried
II Maurlco, pointing to tho black Court-
J Lay waiting on the slppea of the Ja-
I land Kaglo which flow so steadily be-
sldo tho coronated Hon of Kernsberg
and Hohensteln. ..
I "And pray, air, why?" said Join of
1 tho Sword Hand. "Am I not also
Princess of Courtland?"
From womnn's wilfulness; all things
sonwshow lmvo their 'beginning. To
woman's wantli'gs may'uo traced'all
restraints and Judgments, from ho
sword flaming ovory way about Kden-
gato to tho last morchnnt declared
bankrupt nnd "dyvour'.' upon the' ex-
I chango flags of Hamburg town. Kvo
1 did not cat tho tipple' when sho 'got
1 It. Sho hasted to give It awny, She
only, wanted fit .because It had been
to! bidden. ' fl,V
t So' also Joan of Hohensteln desired
to go down with Dcssnuer that she
might look upon the man betrothed to
inr froln birth. She Went. Sho
looked, and with. In l.cr Uiem grew up
a heart of flesh'. Then, when tho
stioke foil, that heart uprose In' quick,
lntcmporato revolt, and what might
have Issued In tho, dull compliance of
a Princess, whoso Wliolo llfo 'was set
tled for her became, tlo,j Imperious
revolt of a woman ngnliut an Intoler
able cud lonthsomo Impossibility.
So In her Castlo of Kernsberg Jonn
waited. Hut not ldlj. All day long
and every day Maurlco von Lynar rode
on her service. Tho hlllmeu gath
ered to his, word, and In tho court
yard tho stormy Voices of Qoorge
Jhj Hti<c aifdJ Peter; Haifa. werjCjn'ev
el? hushed. Tlio shepheidb from the
hills went to and fr(o, marching and
counlcrninrchlng, wheeling and" charg
ing, porting muskut and thrusting
pike, till all KqriiSjborg, was llttlo bet
ter than a bart-acks.
Hut thero were two, at least, with
in tho realm of the Duchess .loan who
know no drawbacks to their Joy, who
rubbed palm on palm nnd, nudged each
other for pure gladness. These (ItVls
and to say) w re. tho milltarj-jattjicjips
of tho neighboring peaceful Stnto of
Plassenburg. Yet they hnd been, spe
cially cautioned by their I'rlnco'Hugo,
In tho presenco of his wife Helene,
the hereditary princess,, thnt they were
most carefully to avoid nil Interna
tional complications. They wero on
no account to take sides In any quar
rel. They must do nothing prejudi
cial to the ponce, heutrallty, and uni
versal 'amity of tho State and 'Prince
dom of Plassenburg. Such were their
They promised faithfully.
Yet theso two soldiers of fortune
lny waiting on tho slopes of tho Jn
gernbergen, talking over tho situation.
"A man surely has a right to lils
own wife!" said Jorlan, tnkjng for the
sake of argument tlio "-c6nvcnHonnI
"Nnrrcn-Possen, 'Jorlnn!'" ''cried1
Horls, raising his volccto the Indigna
tion point. "Clotted nonsense! Who
Is going to keep a man's wife for
him It ho cannot do It himself?"
"Tho trouble Is that so far sho feels
no necessity to bp any ouo's wife,"
"That also Is uonsonEc," said Boris,
who, splto his defense of Joan, held
tho usual tnnscullno views. "Ever
woman wishes to marry. If sho can
only have firsts choice' ""' '
"Thero they come!" whispered Jo
rlnn. . ...
Hoi Is roso to his feet nnd looked
long beneath his hand. Very1 far Way
there a roso from tho level green
plain first ono tall column of dense
black smoke nnd then another, till
'as far "as' they could "sec to tho left
the plain was full of them.
"Clod's truth!" cried Jorlan, "they
uro burning the farms and herds'
houses. Tho Muscovite Is out! These
nro CosBnck'flros. nrnvoll Wo' shall
yet have our Hugo hero with his nxe!
He will never suffer tho bear so near
his borders." , " '
"Lot us go down," said HorlR "or
wo shall miss somo of tho fun. In two
hours they will bo at tho'fordS ofllfo
' "What do you bore? Go' back!"
shouted ycrner von Orsoln1, "who, with
hjjf men Jay .waiting behind thbtllood
banks of the Alia. "This Is not jour
quarrujl. do back, Plassenburgorsl"
"Wo have for tho time being do
mltted our ofllce," oxclnltned Uorls.
"The envoys of Plassenburg aro at
liomo lii bed, sick ofa most sanguin
ary fever. Wo offer you our swords
as fieo fighting men nnd good' Tents.
The Muscovites nro over yonder. Lord
to think that I havo lived to forty
eight and nover yet killed even one
bearded Hubs!"- ' - -
"You may mend that recoid shortly,
to all appearance, lf you havd'luck!"
'said Von Orsoln grimly, i ,
Now this Is tho report which Cap
tnlns Uorls nnd Jorlan, envoys (very)
extraordinary from tho Prince nnd
Princess of Plassenburg to tho reign
ing Duchoss of Hohensteln, mnde,
upon their return from the fords of
tho Alia, to their homo government.
'Jorlan, bolng of tho rotund nnd com
plaisant faction, ncquleseed In tho pro
posal that ho 'should do tho writing.
But ns ho never got beyond, "To our
honored Lord and Lady Hugo and
Heleno, theso " thero needs not to
bo any particularity as to his manner
of acting tho scrlbo.
Then ho remembered Jhnt he know
whoro a secretary was in waiting. Ho
wtftrid go and borrow him Joriati re
entered their bedroom with a beam
ing smllo, and tho secretary held by
the sleovo to prevent his csenpo. Both
felt thut tho report was as good as
written. It began thus:
"With great assiduity (a word sug
gested by t!ienecrotary) your envoys
romombored your Highnesses' prince
ly advice and command that wo should'
Involve ourselves In no warfaro or
other local disagreement. So when
wo heard thnt rHojieustoln wus to bo
Invaded by 'the troops of the Prlnco of
""Co.irtlnnd, wo wero deoply grloved.
"NayprtholoBB, Judging It to be for
the good of our country that wo should
lmvo n near vlow of tho fighting, we
left our arms and armor behind us,
and ,wont out to make observations
In the Interest 'of "your' Highnesses'
-"Wtf'rotiirrthTso!3te'rVof tho Duch
ess Joan waiting; at the fords of thf
Alln. which Is the eastern bordor ol
thulr piovlncu. Theio wvsre not mnnj
of them, bin. nil guort w.dlers. Thi
Courtlauilci's came on In mjrlads
with Muscovites without number
These last burned, nnd slew nil In
'Tho men of Hohensteln being tc
few nnd those of Courtlnnd with theh
allies so -many, tho rher wns over
passed both abovo and below the
fordu. 1 Whereupon I pressed It upon
Werner von Oisoln thnt ho should re
trent to n phico of greater hopo nnd
safety, being thus In danger on Loth
"This Werner von OrBeln had fought
all the, dny, and, though most reckless
ly exposing himself, wus still unhurt,
His uriior was covered with blood
and black with powder after the fash
ion of llicpo wild hot-bloods, His face
nlso wns stained, and when ho spoke
It wns In a hoarso whisper Tho mtf
tor of his dlBcouiso Ho us was this:
" 'I enn do no more. My pcoplo nro
dead, my powder spent. They nro
3 Iff II
Jorlan and Boris dictate a diplomatic
more numerous than the sea sands.
They nro behind us arid before, also
outflanking us on cither side.'
"Thon wo ndvlsed him to set his
face to Hohensteln nnd with those who
wero left to him to retreat in thnt
direction. Wo nccompanled him, bear
ing In mind jour royal commands, and
eager to do nil that In us lay to ad
vance tho Interests of amity.
"In this manner tho remnant of tho
soldiers of tho Duchess Joan reached
Ivornsborg In safety a result which,
we flatter ourselves, was us much duo
to tho zeal and persuasiveness of
your envojs as to tho skill and bra
very of Werner von Orseln and tho
i-oldlers of tho Duchess,
"And your humblo servants will
over pray for tho triumph of peace
and concord, nnd also for an undis
turbed rqign to your Highnesses
through countless yenrs. In token
whereof wo.vappcnd our signatures
and seals. ' ' ' ' l ' ' '
"Is not thnt last somewhat over
strained about pence and concord nnd
so 'forth?" asked Jorlnn anxiously.
"Not a whit not a whit!" cried
Horls, "Our desire to promote peaco
needs to b(j put strongly, In ordor. to
carry persuasion to their Highnesses
In Plnsscnburg. In fact, I am not suro
thdt It has' been put strongly
"I am tioublcd with borne few
doubts mycell!" said Jorlnn, under
And as the secretary Jerked tho Ink
from his pen ho smiled.
, . (To be continued.)
'ONE OF LINCOLN'S OTORIES.
Senator Foraker Uses Anecdote to
' ' Dr'a'w a Parallel,,
Hefoie Senator Vornkdr was elected
to tho olllee ho now holds bo practiced
law In Cincinnati, 'says tho Now York
American. It is said of him that his
fees were larger than '(hose of nny
other attorney In Ohio, It Is generally
known thnt ho Is n' poor mnn so far"
oh earthly possessions go.. Senator
Plntt, of Now York, asked film not
long ngo why he held himself down to
a $5,000 Job, whereas If ho confined
hlinsolf.to legal practice bo could grow
"I inn told that you get bigger fees,1''
said the Now Yorker, "that any
other attorney out jour way."
"Which leuilnds mo. of 0110 of Mr.
Lincoln's stories," answered tlio Ohlo
nn. "When he was a boy ono of his
mother's neighbors was so poor us to
excite tho pity of 'nil those who know
her. She hnd n world of children? and
It was snld of them thdt they never
had enough to eat. When joiing Abo
wns trudging scboolwnrd ono morn
ing he met ono of tho- boys. HIh heart
melted nttho sight of the gaunt and
hungry appearing lnd. and quickly his
hand wont into his luncheon basket
nnd drew forth a ginger cake. He
broke It, In twnfn nnd tho boy gob
bled It up. Hg, gave? Ijlin the otjior
piece, and that went ifown tho Ijoy's
throat in ono gulp.
'"You like ginger cakes, don't you?'
Inquired Abo of the jvldow't boy,
" 'I doos.' 'was his nnswor, 'I likes
'era moro and gits less pJT,'u thun any
boy In Sangamon county,
"And that Is my story." continued
tho senntor. "When I practiced Inw I
liked big fees better tlinu any one on
earth, and got fewer of (hem tbnn nny
othor jnwycr out mj way." 1 "
Maklnn a Sure Thing of It,
Johnson Wore jou satisfied 'with
your uncles' will?
Hillings Kntlrely, 1 took ,tho pro
caution to bcromo the attorney In tho
caie. Topokn Journal
, .FARM HOG KILLING OUTFIT.
Device by Which trie Butcherlntj I's
As all farmers who kill tholr own
hogs know, tho old way of butchering
Is very ,lnconvo,ulont and utlrcsomo,
says a wrlfcr In tho Quccnslnudor.
Tho folowlng' Illustrated niiingcmont
Device for Hnnnlng Hog.
makes' tho labor comparatively easy.
The top pleco Is 2x5 Inches, nnd 12
feet long. Tho mortices for tho' sup
poits to lit In am made Hyo tnqbes
fiom tho ends of piece, nnd are ono
half Inch deep, 2V Inches wldo nt bot
tom, by 1-Ti Inches nt top, thus only
ono bolt Is needed to hold thorn to
gothor at top, Tho upright supports
aro 2x2, au(l sown feet Ipng; cross;
piece, l1ix21,4 and nt ono cud this
should bo bolted 011 upright pieces,
'down low enough so that bench will
sot over It. Tho lever Is ti2 nt sta
plo, and shaved down to 1 at ond.
Stnples made of five-sixteenths Inch
'rod iron, nnd long cnought to clinch.
Clevis whoro chain Is fns(ened Is made
of throo-olghlliB Inch Iron. Tho end of
the lever Is Iron, Gx2 1-8 bent, ns shown,
for gambrel stick to rest on, whllo
lifting pig to tho pole hooks, which
nro made largo enough to slip back
and forth easily on upper piece. Hods
one-half Inch, bent to hold gnmbrol
stick. .A hook not khown In cut mado
of ono-half Inch Iron, attaches to 11
and provides n fulcrum for tho lover
A for dipping hog In tho bnnol and
raising carcass to the gambrel hooks.
Bench, lDxlVt Inches, 20 inches high,
8 feet long, Hanoi to bo sot In tho
ground ono-quarter its length.
FEED TROUGHS IN PASTURE8.
Make the Task of Feeding Easier,
How to Manage With Lambs.
A very simple nnd handy trough to
bo used In the pastures or Holds can
be made of fence boards nailed to
gether V shaped and lifted with ends
und legs long enough to raise tho top
of trough about 20 Inches from tho
ground. Tho legs should bo nailed on
tho boards flat bo thuy will bo suffi
ciently wldo apart at bottom to lusttro
tho stability of tho trough so It may
not bo easily Overturned, says an ex
change. Three sets of legs should bo
put on a 10-foot trough. In enso somo
of tho sheep Jump over tho trough
thus getting dirt Into the food a nar
row strip should bo supported over
tho top of the trough by nailing braces
on tho buds. This kind of trough will
hist, for five or six yoars und. stay dut.
in all weathers. A lot of thorn suffi
cient to feed a big flock can bo read
ily moved with a wogon or may bo
readily carrlod short distances. Many
a flock of sheep would got better enro
If moro conveniences were nt hand.
Ono such trough Is sufficient for 20
or ,111010 sheep mid In feeding the
lambs separately thej con bu enclosed
To complete the outfit mid make tho
feeding of grain to tho lambs while
nt pasture an easy chore, a chest or
feed box should also bo provided.
This box should havo a weather proof
cover and a lock and ko.v, tho koy to
bo In tho pocket of the feeder. As ho
goes Ironi work .at evening tlmo ho
can call up the lumbs and glvo them
their grain ration, says Colomnn's
Hiirul World. The box may bo on run
ners or a lint sled so ns to bo readily
'movod from place to place by a horse,
and tho contents of tho box may bo,
loplenlshcd nt odd times when wo nro
not so biisj'. If you want to make
tho best of tho sheep business, a llttlo
extra caro will bring largo leturns.
NOTES ON SHEEP.
Ground feed will not bo lost on tho
Fntton tho lambs well beforo send
ing to mnrkct.
Ventilation should be piovldcd, but
direct drafts avoidod.
Medium sized sheep usually havo
tho best' and heaviest fleeces.
Tho remaining' part of tho crop, can
be pulled beforo frost and stored for
winter, fed., .
To glvo bost results, not over 60
members of mutton sheop should bo
All flocks should bu gradod accord
ing to ngo, size and condition as far
as Is practicable.
' Hough hillsides, If they aro covorod
with rich grasses, mako tho vory best
pasture land for sheep.
Turnips "jay, 1Q ,mado ubo of as a
falf feed. Turn (ho flock Into tho fluid
nnd lot tliQin cup the turnips.
Ono jjood shVup will usunllj bring
In m6io profit than two pxrs,oncB.
Usually tho poor ones uro kopt nt a
Tho best floeco will over bo tho
mark of tho bost sheep, provldod, of
course, that It 1ms a good thrifty
( Tho most unfavorablo conditions
u'ndor which sheep can bo grown is to
constantly subject them to feeding on
' Jo marshy pasturqs. .
TO STOP TRAIN ACCIDKNT8.
j 1 ' r .
Railroad Workmen of Experience Talk
'" ' It Over.
In tho switchmen's shnnty In tho
rnllroad yards the other night they
woro tnlklng of railroad accidents
and what caused thom says tho Kan
sas City Stnr.
"I' saw In the paper tbo otlicr day
that the railroads 'wore blaming tlio
accidents, upon Incompetent em
ployes," said an old switchman who
had worked, In his time, nt nil kinds
of railroad work. "Let' me' tell '"you
the reason of 89 many accidents.
Tho law used to require tho railroads
to havo bIx inen to take enro of ovory
six miles of track. Now three section
men caro for nlnu miles. That gives
tho men too much to do nnd t)icy
can't keep tho 'rond In repnlr nnd
t- -1. It na they ought to. Tlio law
t ..at. to fprcu. uveiy rnllroad to. have
a watchmnn jn every bridge, nlgljt
nnd da, and when It was? rnlny and
bad tho section men ought lo go over
tho track threo times n dnj-,"
"That's nil right," said tho forotunn
of tho crew. "It's h good thing and
would prevent most of tho accidents,
because, the grent majority of U10111
como froin a defect In tho track or In
K bridge. Hut I would mako tho'rnll
roads.iln addition to thnt, havo n track
walker who wnuh go ovpr tho bad
places In tho track after a train
passed. Many accidents nro 'caused
by a train loosening a bolt or crack
ng n rnll or weakening tho trapk
sotifo way1, and tho next train that
comes nlong goes In tho ditch,"
"Hoys, lot mo tell you," said tho en
gineer, who wns sitting upon n bench
filling his pipe. "The rnllrbad com
panies can, never' prevent accidents
until they give tho.lr employes tlmo
to sleep and rest. You've all seen an
engineer who's beep on his engine
from 24 to 48 hours bo sent out on a
run ngaln with only four or flvo hours'
sleep. A man In thnt condition enn't
keep awake. Then, ngaln, nn englno
ought always to bo Inspected after It
comes In off n run. Yot It Isn't done.
And they make ono car Inspector do
four men's work. Lots of cars nro
on tho loud that ought to bo in tho
A switchman, who wns formorly n
conductor of a freight train, snld:
"To snvo money the roads scud out
CO to 70 loaded curs with n big mogul
engine Instead of 10' cars. The conso
quenco Is tho track spreads nnd tho
noxt, train weakens it n llttlo moro'
and tho third goes Into tho ditch."
JAPAN TO OWN RAILROADS.
Nation to Pay Double the Cost of the
Now that tho Jupuneso government
has undertaken to nationalize 17 pri
vate railways, having n total of 2,887
miles or line, nt n cost or 421,500,000
yon ($210,000,000), or about $73,000 n
mile, tho latest anntinl report of Ichljl
Ynmanouchl, director of tho Imperial
bureau of railways or Japan for tho
fiscal year ended March 31, 1905, bo
comes of tho highest historical and
Tho total mileage open for traffic In
1P05 wns 4,093, divided as follows:
Government railways, 1,401 miles;
privnto rullwuys, 3,232 miles. This
showed an tncreaso of nearly 108
miles over 1001.
Calculating tho Japanese yen at 50
cents (commercially 19. S cents), tlio
cost of construction of tho mileage
Oovornmcnt rullyvuy ...4 7a.asi.fi49 a.at
I'rlvulti railways 120,G02,4'.2 ST.'-iSt
Totals .Jt'.0,WI,loi I41.H2
It will bo perceived that tho Japan
ese government now pays nlmost
doublo tho original cost of construe!
ting tho private railways and thero Is
110 suggestion or graft or oxcesslvo
valuation in, tuq tiaiiBiiciion, 1110
prlco pnld wns 20 times tho nverngo
of tho net earnings from operation for
1902, 1903 nnd 1901, divided by tho
cost of construction and multiplied
by tho paid-up capltul.-rrHnllway Ago.
Locomotive of the Future.
This engine wns shown nt 'tho Nur
emberg Lands nnd Industries exhibi
tion, It Iiub a curious pointed bolor,
to off or less resistance to tho air. Tho
driving wheels' aro nearly seven feet
In diameter. It Is expected to go 90
miles nn hour.
OJd Engllih Railway Station,
Tho only railway station In England
that can boast of being really old Is
that at Hourno, Lincolnshire, which is
un nnclont Kllzabotlmn mansion, for
morly In tho possession or tho Dlgby
family. Whon tho Great Northorji &
Midland railways camo through this
district a momoiial was sent from tho
Inhabitants of Hourno asking that, In
stead of pulling tho old landmark
down, it might bo converted into a
railway station, for which purpose It
now sorves 'I'm t of tho houso Ib
used ns n rosldunco by tho station
Purlfle Water for Boler,,
Two locomotives on tho North Lon
don railway lmvo beon flttod with res
ervoirs containing oak liquor (oak
chips and caustic soda), through
I which tho bollor feed water is passed
for puilfylug and Gofteulng purposed
ia Kt x 73- J VbbbbI
NEST FOR EGG EATING HENS, H
M ,, , '''''''''''''''H
A Lake Couuly (111.). corrcBponden BBV
'of Prnlrio Farmer sends an illustrs
tlon 'of n nest that hq has devised fo BBS
-og -enteric Our sketch brliijis' oV BBJ
'H'ho Idea fairly U-fcll. 'A filYso" bottom BB
is (Jilt on the middle of riio'ncs't lio.v BHV
With n holo A Ijttlo'over two nnd one- BBb
half Indies In dlnnletorlif'tlra bottom BBV
This. holo should bo Just largo enough BBb
for anjugg to -go through; Tho sides
of tho nest Is. packed with shaving BB
leaves or liny and a bit of burlap BBl
raast fe0ifctf BBl
Section of Nest i6- Egg Eaters. "J H
tacked nlwut the holo, nnd around the BJ
sides to mnko tho ncBt, BBa
A lower shelf 'is fnnde extending
only part way across tlio box', As BBl
shown In tho cut when the egg, A. M
comes down through tho holo In the M
bottom df tho nest proper, It strikes BHJ
on this padding, slides off from the H
second shelf and, drops Into, a, lower' BB
tompartment and gradually rolls until H
It roaches tlio position of U10 last egg. BB
Hero It Is handy for tho hand-hole BB
when tho gntjierer comes for the con- BH
tents of tho nest. This dovlco Is said H
to work vory satisfactorily and pre- BJ
Vents tho hon from eating her egg H
simply because it disappears from her BB
Bight at onco. , ,( BB
FOWL8 WITHOUT LICE. H
Don't Give Vermin a Foothold, and M
Your Task Will Be Eaty.
Last summer tho editor of tho BJ
Farmers' Hoviow visited tho Maine M
experiment station, Thnt Btatlon has M
dono u great deal In tuo way of pout- BJ
try Investigation. Conditions thero J
aro of tho vory best, with tho results BJ
thnt tho cnterprlso s successful) Ono J
or tho surprising things round there J
li that thoro nro 'no llco'. Conse-1 J
quuutly no llco .killers havo to bo H
used; tho chicks do not havo to bu BJ
greased alter they aro out or the BB
shell; tho birds do not havo to bo rod BB
enough food to supply both thorn-. M
selves und tho lice,, nnd (.ho perches BB
do not havo to bo painted with' antl- BB
llco paint. All this expense- and nil BB
this labor aro saved. M
It Is a wondor thnt considering the BB
grent losses wo expcilenco from llco BJ
we (16 not takO moro precautions to H
entirely rid, tho poultry houses or H
them. A fovy years ngo tho Farmers' BH
Uevlow sent out Inquiries to many BB
poultry rnlscrs ns to tho causo or their H
greatest losses. Most bf tho replied BH
said that (ho greatest losses wero H
duo to lice. It may bo that to llco
are' duo far greater losses than wo H
havo suspected. BJ
Wo know very llttlo ubout how con- Bfl
laglous diseases nro carried from row) BJ
to tow)., It may bo that tho llco do H
moro of this work than any other mo- BJ
dltim. It may lie that a louso draws H
Infected blood from one fowl ' and B
from It .Infects the next fowl on B
which ho happens to bo. Bj
Thoro Is nn Impression abroad that H
thoro Is llttlo poultry dlseaso where HJ
there are no llco and no dirt. It Is a H
good thing to nssuino this at any BJ
rate. It may be un orror, but If It Is BJ
the error Is "611 tho part of virtue. H
Prof. Charles Wood, In chnrge HJ
or tho Malnq station, was asked by HJ
tho writer how ho could keep hU H
fowls free from llco. Ho replied that
It was nn easy thng to do, Ho start- HJ
cd with perfectly clpnu pons and HJ
yurds. Ho used Incubators that had HJ
novor been Used bofore, and ho put ' HJ
Into those Incubators eggs that had HJ
no llco on them. Tho chicks hatched HJ
hnd no lice, and no fowls aro pur- HJ
chased und brought onto tho farm HJ
Thqio has to bo a beginning for tho HJ
llco lnfestntlon, and the problem Is HJ
to prevent tho beginning. This Is HJ
not n dilllcillt thing' to do. ' B
ir it can be dono nt an experiment H
Btutlon whero thero aro C0Q laying- H
hens nnd thousands of chicks, (t cer- Hf
talnly can bo dono on any tarm. v
Dark Poultry Houses. SMj
Thoro nro still many dark poultry Sa
( houses to bo mot with In tho country. if1
Some or them are so dark thnt It Is QfM
a wonder that tio hens can get nlong . 'K J
without becoming diseased. It is also - lM
a wondor how tho floor or such a Wjk
house can dry out nt all. It Is not a Si
difficult mnttor to knock n hole in tho ,$
'sldo or a poultry houso and put In 11 vf
window. This .should bq dono now ,T,fj
wl(llo tio wc?atiior. Is good, says tho ir,
Farmor's Hevlow Tho additional light If,
Vlll provo a great boon to tho fowU , kit'
which will thrive better because of , y
tho light' in tholr dwelling houso. In 1:
tho suinmor tlmo this matter of light ' ' .
Is not 'of so much importance as it Is Nj
,In H10 winter. In the summer .tho ,.1 M
fowls havo tho run of thq farm -und itik
spoud, but lltt.lq tlmo In tho poultry , B
houso, but Jn the wlntor they have .
to spend u vory largo amount of tlmo, J.U
there, especially If tho I00.atl0u.l3 In' ,' H
states whero snow remains on tho H
ground during a considerable part of , I
thoiwlcter. . -... '' j- srj