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I 1 , VAN VALKENBURG IS JUDGE
H I 1 Judge Arba S. VHn Valken burgh, recently ap-
H JmlTJs. pointed United Stalos district Judge, western dl-
H Jp SK vision of Missouri. Is one of the youngest Jurists
H "fei on the federal bench. Ho is only 48 years ot
H ft. ja age, but his friends say this will not prevent him
iiH l!? MJLtt ' JB lr"m making an enviable record.
H wt 'sy Tr Mr V;m Valkenburgh succeeded Senator War
iiB W i ml "er as lJnltel States district attorney for the
B W JLK yS western district of Missouri In 1905 and was re
H VffltJktiL h appointed by Presldenl Tafl In December, 1909
H fcaT - He had previously served seven years as assist-
-Jj t ant lo MaJ"r Warner In that office. He was born
t, feS. In Syracuse. N. Y., In 18G2. When he was seven
IHBtf M " JffisAW years old his parents removed to Illinois and
H J A jrf0ffMwfy la,or to Mlrn,Knn- He waH graduated from the
M I J& a W(f"-'- I'nlvcrity ol Michigan In 1884. attaining high
H rank as a sclKilm
H Mr. Van Valkeubiirgh went to Kansas Clt In IS' and entered the law
H offices of Dobson. Douglas and Trimble, being admitted to the .lackson county
H bar In 1888. The same y;ir In; formed a law pirtnorship wltl) D. J. Huff
f Hi- was married In 1889 to Miss Oraee Ingold ot Kansas City.
H Mr. Van Valkonhurgh til appointed assistant district attorney by Major
H Warner In 1898, succeeding William Draffen Upon Major Warner's election
H to the senate In 1905 President Roosevelt appointed him to the place he since
H Friends of the newly appointed Judge say that at the department ol
Justice In Washington Mr. Van Valkenburgh was considered as ranking
H among the ablest United Stalos district attorneys In the country.
I POINDEXTER IN LIMELIGHT J
H I ""5 "vc I Representative Miles Polndexter of Washing
J jr T ton, cnndldate for the United States senate.
1 m k whose cause has been espoused by Theodore
H A Roosevelt, was born In Memphis, Tenn., fifty-two
iiiiV ffl years ago and has lived In Washington nineteen
H Jj WIC W years. He lias served only one term In congress
H 5r ilS? M'i ,ul'' has Deen Identified with the Insurgents,
H V w l which makes the action of Colonel Roosevelt all
H VS wl(m. MVif "'" more Important to national politics.
iiifl M ' L-tor'i' l v 'Ava Mr. I'olndexter has been a political foe of
lfllB V ' 'f!3 'yinuu Richard A. Rallinger, secretary of the Interior
Liifl X. tKMrXK ,n tne Taft oftU,n,ti w,tn whom Olfford Plnchot.
H 2S5r J&h l"lm,r I'hlef forester .nnl friend of Roosevelt, bus
iiiiV 8r jK& '""' '' '''"''
iiiiV J y w ' ''u' Washington congressman visited Colonel
H dt0mJW'' ' Roosevell at Sagamore Hill a few days ago and
H camo away In Jubilant spirits. Roosevelt had
H promised to aid him In his fight for the senate and he had a right to feel
M happy, for help from Roosevelt means help of the right kind and Polndexter
H Mr. Polndexter was educated at Fancy Hill academy, Rockbridge county.
H Va., and at Washington and Lee university, Lexington, Va., In both the aca-
H demtc and law courses. He located at Walluwalla, Wash., In 1891 and began
H the practise of law. He was elected prosecuting attorney of Wallawalla
H county In 1892 and In 1897 moved to Sokane He was assistant prosecuting
H attorney for Spokane six years and In 1904 was elected Judge of the superior
court and remained on the bench until nominated for congress In the newly
created third district of Washington. He was elected by a majority of 15,000.
I GIVES MILLIONS FOR BOYS
H i David J. Ranken, Jr., one of the wealthiest
H sfi N mon ' l Louis, has acted literally upon that
H ff j much-advertised saying of Andrew Carneglo, that
H W . "'"' "'"' '''''" r'cn '"''s dlsgraceil," and has turned
H i" wb'-tb. I H over his entire fortune, estimated at a little more
H l W&i&W 'M& "'"" "'""" 'HI- '" the David .1. Ranken, Jr., School
1 Qw'L n ' Mechanical Trades, which he founded, reserv-
H i'Wy W P 'ng on'y '2.000 a year for his own modest uses.
H Jm' -wjrv I ''''"' 8cnol w& established a year ago with
H WJn n ' l nn enJowment pi $500,000, Its purpose being to
1 jlwy4r$-H 1 K've boB over flf,een years 0'd" a Tade education
H Jtity' 'or u no,nlna' sum. The school has prospered
1 'dmtiiK tk,,. r l"'' '" ""i1"') Rs usefulness the additional ea-
H wlllm!. "S dowment t v Mr Ranken ban been made.
H WfffffiiiMS. itlV I Mr Ranken, who was born In Londonderry,
M 2HiZiUUH&allliItjM Ireland, In in:t".. and who has been u resident of
M St. l.nuis since 18G2, made his money In real
H estate and stock transactions. The students at the Ranken school are charged
M only $30 a year, payable In three Installments, and are given a two years'
H course. All their education Is of a practical kind.
M Ranken occupies three small rooms over a grocery. When he enters
M the door and climbs to his rooms he shuts out the world and declines to
m be seen. Here be has lived for years and worked out the plans and umbltlon
B of his life the founding of the trades school where poor boys cau receive
M a trade education for a nominal fee
M Mr. Ranken visits his school every day and watches the boys at work.
M I Ho wastes no time In teaching theory In the lecture rooms unless It has
H some practical application In the shop work. Geometry Is taught, but Instead
B of buving the boys compute the columns of a cone, they are taught the hold
M tin- capacity of a funnel of like dimensions. Classroom work In all branches
M of drawing, carpentry, bricklaying, painting and steam engineering Is along
E similar practical lines.
I ASTOUNDS CHOATE'S FRIENDS
H f .. -M. I Not on'y tne Jult$es and lawyers of the country
H yr v V I DUt all citizens who follow the affairs of the na-
H J? VMVvl "on wore astonished when charges of unprofes
R J? 0l;llilI sI"";i1 conduct were made against Joseph II
H yf wJlVJI ( hoate. former ambassador from the United
H i VMlf 9ta,eB t0 Great Britain.
H V'tet JifebStMCVl ' ''"' A""''''1'"1 Bar association, of which Mr.
BB Vl" Jjn59j f Choate Is ,i former president, will thoroughly
H ' .' ;C'' wiT&V t,ru,,' l'"' charges at its convention In Chatta
H I vXl -W W noogu. Tenn., next month and Mr. Choate's
H y nCWNfctSr friends say there Is no doubt that the verdict
H "lrty. MVWrft. wl" completely exonerate him from all blame.
V i9'l W jO. James R. Watts of Staten island Is Mr.
v 'tsjitvir JBsfwX Chuate's accuser. He alleges that Mr Choate
B -frfi 7(Pf caused hln, to lost hundreds of thousands of dol
H ; fy,j I ''' lars through "omissions and wrongful acts'" while
I v acting as his attorney. Mr. Choate lost no time
Wb In demanding a thorough probe of the charges, the first ever made against
H him In his long and honored career.
1 Mr. Choate Is 78 years old and Internationally famous as a lawyer, diplo-
mat, orator and after-dinner speaker. He was ambassador to the court of
St. James from 1899 to 1905. His legal career began In 1855. when he was
graduated as master of arts at Harvard and admitted lo the bar of Massa-
1 i-husettB. He went to New York In 185G and with the exception of the time
he )rved as ambassador has been practising his profession there. Ho has
B been connected with many famous cases and was elected a bencher of the
B . Inner Tempi. England, in 1906. an honor couferred only on persons of di-
WATER IN VINEYARD
Irrigation Is Most Important Fac
tor in Management.
Grape Will Not Stand Excessive Wa
tering and Presence of Free
Water In Soil Is Early
fBy O. B. WHIPPLK. Colorado Agri
Really the Irrigation of the vineyard
Is one of the most Important opera
tions In Its management. The Injudi
cious use of Irrigation water Is re
sponsible for a greater part of the
grape grower's grief. The tendency
among growers Is to use far too much
water. The excessive use of water,
although It may not be sufficient to
actually Injure the vines. Is largely
responsible for the loss from attacks
by mildew and, more than anything
else, for the poor shipping qualities
of Colorado grown vlnlfera grapes.
One does not realize the Importance of
having the ground dry during the ri
pening season of the fruit until he
has seen the grapes ripening In the
California vineyards. Here the vines
are robbed of half their foliage by the
drought of late summer and, as a re
sult, the flavor of the fruit Is far supe
rior to that of Colorado-grown grapes.
The drought prevailing during the
ripening season Is at least partially
responsible for the high sugar content
of many California-grown grapes. A
grape must carry a high per cent of
sugar to ship well; In other words, It
must be well ripened. Still the Colo
rado grape grower Is not altogether to
blame, for If he were to allow his vine
yard to dry out to the extent that the
vines should begin to drop their fo
Hage, his over-sollcltous neighbors
would go out of their way to advise
him that the vines would surely die.
Two points should be observed In
the use of water with reference to Its
relation to the growth of mildew. In
the first place, the old system of run
ning Irrigation water near the rows
and under the vines Is a mistake. This
plan wets the surface of the ground
under the plants where It Is, slow to
dry out and creates a moist atmos
phere conducive to the growth of
mildew. The grapes also drop down
In this furrow and are covered with
mud, which Induces cracking and de
cay. A better plan Is to run one fur
row midway between the rows, make
this furrow deep and avoid flooding
the surface of the ground. When the
vineyard Is watered It should be wa
tered well; then cultivate In the fur
rows, allow the surface of the ground
to dry off, and conserve the moisture
by frequent surface cultivation.
The vines should be kept growing
well during the early part of the sea
son, but after the berries are well
grown. Irrigation and cultivation
phould cease thut the ground may dry
out. The time for the last Irrigation
win uepenu mucn upoa tne character
of the soil and upon the variety. Even
though the foliage may turn yellow
and begin to drop before the fruit Is
fully ripe, there Is no cause for alarm;
It will not hurt the vineyard and the
fruit will ripen better The cracking
of berries Is often due to the applica
tion of water after the fruit begins to
The grape will not stand excessive
watering and the pretence of free wa
ter in the soil Is early Indicated by a
dropping of the foliage and a shrivel
Ing of the bunches. A single heavy
watering will often scald the foliage
on some varieties. The ground should
be kept In the same condition, as re
gards moisture, as soil for most other
crops. The vineyard that has been
well dried out during the ripening sea
son will need a lute fall watering to
facilitate covering and to supply mois
ture to carry the plants through the
dry winters. It Is a general Impres
sion that the vineyard should not be
watered during the blooming season.
Kills Gooseberry Worms.
Hellebore Is especlully recommend
ed for use In the destruction of goose
berry worms and the larvae of saw
files. It Is a yellowish powder made
from the roots of American or Euro
pean Hellebore. It 1b loss poisonous
than the arsenlcals and loses Its
strength when exposed to the air for
any great period. It may be applied
dry or mixed with water, if used dry
It may be mixed with flour or lime
or may be dusted on the plants In
pure form. If used with water the
proportion is at the rate of one ounce
to three gallons. .
Better Products Needed.
What we need Is better products
and not more products only. The
greatest loss on our farm Is In poor
and unsalable crops. This suggests
the Importance of plant breeding and
systematic elimination of unprofitable
Hints and Ideas.
Any experienced poultry raiser can
frequently tell you many valuable
hints and practical Ideas thut never
find their way Into print.
RESERVOIR IS A NECESSITY
Highly Impertant There Be 8ome Re
serve Supply of Water for Use
(By B. P. FLKMINO. New Mexico Agrt
It seldom requires more than one
season's experience with a pumping
plant to convince the operator or
owner that a reservoir In connection
with the plant Is an eminently desir
able If not necessary adjunct. The
pumping plant which will operate day
In and day out through the entire
season without some serious difficulty
arising has not yet been built and
these difficulties, frequently musing
a shut down for several dayB or a
week at a time, quite Invariably occur
when the crop is In most need of
water. A shut down at such a time,
particularly with garden crops or
melons, may mean the loss of the
crop and It Is highly Important, there
I fore, that there be some reserve sup
I ply ot water against such emergen
There are also other arguments In
I favor of the reservoir, among which Is
the fact that by means of a reservoir
It Is possible to make use of a greater
' "head'" of watir when Irrigating than
Is yielded by the pumping plant since
the discharge of the pump for sev
eral hours may be retained by the
reservoir and then rapidly drawn off
through a good-sized ditch to the
place of use. By so doing if Is pos
sible to cover a larger amount of
land with the same quantity of water
man wount oe possiDie witn a small
stream, a fact which every practical
Irrigator recognizes. Moreover, by
use of a reservoir It Is possible to Ir
rigate profitably a much larger area
with a small pumping plant than
would otherwise be possible, since the
plant may pump water Into the reser
voir In the night time and during In
tervals between Irrigations, reducing
in this way the stand-by expenses or
length of time during the year that
the large plant would be Idle and dur
ing which time Interest charges on the
plant and depreciation keep accumu
lating the same as though It were In
A reservoir suitable for the pur
pose should not be an expensive piece
of work. The chief consideration, of
course. Is water tightness, but by use
of straw or manure on the adobe hot
torn and banks, and trampling or pud
dling thoroughly while wet by driving
sheep or goats about the basin, a very
compact water-tight surface may be
Pigs are equally effective If al
lowed to wallow In the reservoir
! when It Is nearly dry and a vigorous
and sufficiently long continued tramp
ing by men provided with rubber
boots will frequently work wonders
In preventing seepage.
Where adobe or clay Is not found
on the site It will pay to bring It
from a distance and spread a layer
I six to eight Inches thick over the
bottom and sides. Mix It with straw
and puddle as above described.
LIVE STOCK NOTES.
Lois of horses are made mean by
Cotton seed meal should not be fed
to brood sows.
A trusty horse Is never safer than
wKen securely tied.
Pasture sheep and cows separately.
They don't like to follow each other.
Teach a colt to walk well and a
foundation Is laid for all the faster
Don't let It worry you that your
bogs are good eaters. That Is what
makes pork, and pork Is money these
Hogs have bones. Give them food
that will strengthen these bones. They
are the framework of the hog's struc
ture Hogs will get a good share of their
living out In the pasture. Luis of folks
think bogs don't need any grass Just
try them and see. They will surprise
Worth Thinking Over.
A farmer may raise the best and
biggest crops In the country and yet
be the biggest failure as a man and
We should always be ready to help
shoulder the burdens of our weaker
neighbors so far as we are able, but
there Is no need to go about looking
for loads that do not belong to us.
The Dual-purpose cow Is too often
owned by a no-purpose man.
Because a community cannot afford
Btone roads, there Is no excuse for
poor ones. A split log will do the
Examples of Intensive Agriculture,
Gardens that are well cultivated and
properly managed are good examples'
of Intensive agriculture. Here we pro
duce large crops on a small area. It
Is possible only when care Is taken to
give the proper cultivation at the right
Every farmer In the country who
handles hogs, sheep or cattle should
have a handy Iron-wheel wagon, with
four-inch tires and a handy rack on It.
and two stock sorters
HAVE TO WAIT.
"You ought to take some quinine foi
"I'm sorry, old man, but there art
ninety-eight cures ahead of yours."
Try This, This Summer.
The very next time you're hot, tired
or thirsty, step up to a soda fountain t
and get a glass of Coca-Cola. It will
cool you off, relieve your bodily and
mental fatigue and quench your thirst
delightfully. At soda fountains or
carbonated In bottles 5c everywhere.
Delicious, refreshing and wholesome.
Send to the Coca-Cola Co., Atlanta,
na.. for their free booklet "The Truth
About Coca-Cola." Tells what Coca
Cola .s and why It Is so delicious, re
freshing and thirst-quenching And
send 2c stamp for the Coca-Cola Base
ball Record Book for 1910 contains
the famous poem "Casey At The Bat,"
records, schedules for both leagues
and other valuable baseball informa
tion compiled by authorities.
HIS WELCOME FOR PRODIGAL
Cowboy Would Have Reversed Pro
ceedings as Recorded In the
Judge Ben B. Llndsey of the famous
Denver Juvenile court said In the
course of a recent address In char
ity: "Too many of ua are inclined to
think that, one misstep made, the boy
Is gone for good. Too many of us are ,
like the cowboy.
"An Itinerant preacher preached to
a cowboy audience on the 'Prodigal
Son.' Ho described the foolish prodi
gal's extravagance aud dissipation; he
described his penury and his husk
eating with the swine In the sty; he
described his return, his father's lov
ing welcome, the rejoicing, and the
preparation of the fatted calf.
"The preacher In his discourse no
ticed a cowboy staring at him very
hard. He thought he had made a con
vert, and addressing the cowboy per
sonally, he said from the pulpit:
" 'My dear friend, what would you
have done If you had had a prodigal
son returning homo like that?'
"Me!" said the cowboy, promptly
and fiercely, I'd have shot the boy
and raised the calf.' " Detroit Free
Immense Saving Possible.
In a preliminary bulletin on the
cost of maintaining a tuberculosis
sanatorium, the National Association
for the Study and Prevention of Tu
berculosis announces that the average
cost per patient per day In thirty
jeml-charltable sanatoria scattered in
ill parts of the Cnited States is
l.t!69. These Institutions represent
an annual expenditure of over $1,300,
000 and over 815,000 days of treat
ment given each year. The bulletin,
which Is part of an extensive study
the National association Is making for
Its bureau of Information, points out
that the country could save annually
tt least $150,000,000 If the Indigent
consumptives were properly segregated.
Knocker Say, here's an original
Second Senior How's that?
Knocker Hero wins game In eighth
Inning instead of ninth. Yale Record.
Give yourself opportunity get out
of the old road, where the stink wag
ons go rushing by. and take the path
acroea the fields of new thought.
with cream or milk
The smile that follows will
last all day
"The Memory Lingers"
SoM by Grocer.
Pkgs. 10c u4 15c
P1HTUM CKRKAI, CO., Ltd.
luul.- Creak, Mi.-;.