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L " -M
I TWO WAYS TO DO IT
S THE PROPOSED FOREIGN CURE
jW 1 " -port TRUST EVILS,
K Tariff Reduction Would Make Our
jH Country Dumping Ground for the
H 8urplui Production of Cheap Labor
H In Other Countries.
M A common chargo against tho
'M "truata" la that thoy dellbo.-ately
M dump their surplus products upon fop
fl elgn countries at any price attainable
m -while keeping up prices at home. That
is probably true of tho trusts, for It Is
true of every manufacturing concern,
!a big or little, which ever produced a
M surplus In this or any country. It Is
ijR true of our farmers who securo from
(! all railroad companies lowor freights
! on grain and meat destined for export
than on that to bo consumed at home,
with the avowed Intent to dump our
j surplus on other countries. Whero no
' tariff exists freight rates are made to
i answer tho purpose. Tho Pacific
,; coast Is and always has been a dump
ing ground for overy manufacturer In
Amorlca. A St. Louis manufacturer,
U If ho has a surplus, will sell It to bo
i shipped to this coast, or for export,
cheaper than ho would sell It Into tho
territory on which ho relies for his
main support. So we may assume
that the trusts, In this respect, adhere
to tho practice which has obtained In
all countries since International trade
existed or any other trade, for that
A matter. Tho main object of produc-
m lng a surplus Is to keep labor cm-
ployed during periods of depression.
In this employers aro tnlluenced part
ly by tho dcslro to kcop a trained forco
together and to keep their machinery
going, and nlso, very largely by feel
ings of humanity. At any rate, the
production of surpluses In America
docs glvo employment to a vast
number of Americans who would
othcrwlso be Idle. All nations com
pete with each other In tho disposal of
surpluses nearly always at less than
homo rates. It Is not In any sonso
peculiar to tho "trusts."
Now thcro aro two ways of dealing
' with surpluses entering from foreign
f,5- countries. One way Is to oncourage
' thorn to como In, which speedily shuts
up tho homo Industries and tho
smaller first of all because no Indus
try can compcto with goods sold nt
' cost or less, and nearly all Interna-
- tlonal trado has como to bo In sur-
W pluses. That Is tho method which
I - free trado Democrats dcslro us to
. j adopt, and they aro seoklng to direct
ji tho popular projudlco against trusts,
it? ' against a trado practlco which existed
ai beforo trusts wore heard of and will
j( contlnuo to exist after they aro under
h control, and would exist Just the samo
i If thoy wero blotted out of existence.
'jj Tho other way Is that proposed by
German statesmen, and likely to be
(r adopted by all Europe to keep sur
pluses out by a stiff tariff. That, In
J the case of sugar, was proposed by tho
J . Brussels sugar conference. It Is like-
if -, !y to be applied to all products. Just
jf i" now tho American coppor trust has a
I surplus which it Is dumping on any
I t foreign market which will recolvo It.
1 ' Dut German statesmen won't havo It.
Although Germany produces but about
one-third the coppor which sho uses,
' nor puoplo aro dotermlned that Ger
man mines shall not bo closod down
by American coppor sold In those mar
kets at less than cost of production.
. A commltteo of tho Reichstag has ac
cordingly proposed a duty on raw cop
per, which will apparently bo adoptod.
1 Gormany thinks It moro profitable to
J kcop her own peoplo employed than to
buy cheap American coppor at tho
cost of tho Idlonoss of a portion. of her
own people. It Is to our Interest that
sho should do so. If our trust sur
pluses aro kept out of foreign coun
tries they must bo sold at homo, which
,i will roduco tho price of all coppor In
this country. Tho Republican policy
i is llko that of Gormany protect our
Industries trusts and all against tho
Influx of tho surpluses of foreign
trusts sold hora at loss than cost. The
Domocratlc policy Is to invito these
surpluses and closo down our own
works. It Is for tho American peoplo
to chooso botweon them. San Fran
ONE PER CENT.
The Proportion of Goods Sold Cheaper
Abroad Than at Home.
v Full wolght has been given to tho
J few manufacturers who mako a lowor
Vn prlco for oxport on certain goods at
certain times. Wo havo glvon all tho
testimony available from tho Indus
trial commission's report. Tho show
ing proved to bo insignificant and ri
diculous, amounting as It did to loss
than ono per cont of our exports of
! On tho other hand it would bo Im-
I posslblo to givo tho testimony of man-
' ufacturors who sell at tho sane or a
, higher prlco abroad. Eighty por cent
of tho replies to tho Industrial com
i - mission niado this assertion and show-
j od how absolutely unworthy of weight
la tho contention of tho Democratic
Congressional commltteo on this ques
tion. A fow extracts will aufllco to
prove tho instability of tho free trad
er's position. Establishment No. C9,
which manufacturers about 40 per cont
of tho locomotlvos In tho United
i Statos and oxports ovor 15,000,000
"Tho average prices received from
abroad aro higher than average prices
rocolvod from tho United Statos."
Tho manufacturers of agricultural
Implements report, with only ono ex
coptlon, that prices to foreign purchas
ers aro either blghor or no lower than
lor domestic purchasers. Ono says:
1, f, "Forolgn prices aro made sufficient-
11 Is" M ' I higher than dome&tlc prices to
'a r Q pay freight to Now York and boxing
H ' " (or ocean shipment"
"Tho foreigner pays ocean Incurao
and duties, which add from 5d to 100
per cent to these not prices, making
higher prices to them."
In leather and leather products the
only establishments which report low
er prices from export trado than for
domestic purchasers aro thoso which
produce sole leather and rut soles.
They givo as a reason tho rebate of
tho tariff duty on forolgn hides.
In textiles, establishment No. 15, ex
porting nearly a million dollars' worth
of drills and sheetings, equal tn 60
per cent of Its total product, state
"They usually get better prices for
export than homo trado goods."
Establishment No. 16, exporting
moro than three-quarters of a million
dollars' worth of drills and shootings,
equal to 75 per cent of their total
"Prices in those markets aro somo
tlmes better than at homo."
Establishment No. 89, which selU
over $300,000 worth of sowing ma
chines yearly In forolgn countries,
"Export prices nro generally about
tho samo as prices In tho United
Establishment No. 32, manufactur
ing lamp chimneys, etc., answers:
"Wo havo made It a pait of our
policy to sell domestic trado at as low
If rot lower prices than to tho forolgn
Five typewriter manufacturers say:
"'No lower;' 'Foreign machines not
as much as domestic;' 'About tho
same;' 'Slightly higher;' 'Slightly
The wlro end wlro rope manufac
The manufacturers of stoves soy:
"Flvo per cent higher abroad; no
Not a slnglo texttlo manufacturer
reports lower prices abroad. In short,
over 350 out of 410 replies report the
samo prices or higher prices abroad,
and thoso manufacturers represent our
great exporters In every lino of for
eign trade. It Is Just as well to carry
theso figures along with us during the
Annual business In U.
Exports of manufac
Goods sold less abroad
Not a Door Knob, a Real Live Em.
Watterson Would Scuttle.
Henry Watterson Is now a"scuttler."
Next to Edward Atkinson and Drothor
Bryan, he Is at tho head of tho pro
cession of thoso who would get out of
tho Philippines. Not long slnco ho
was whooping It up to stay. Ho
would havo American Ideas and civili
zation go hand In hand to redeem tho
natives from the bondago of barbar
ism. Ho Indorsed tho McKinley pol
icy, and went even further, than Mc
kinley in urging that tho flag bo kept
flying. Ho was characteristically elo
quent In his patriotism and onthus
lasm, and tho attltudo ho struck was
admirably suited to his flguro nnd rec
ord. But now ho thinks wo ought to
got out, nnd not bo particular as to
tho method either. Ho would havo
us find n small hole somowhero and
crawl through It. Mr. Watterson Is
apparently trying to get in lino for
what Domocratlc national convention
will doclaro for. It Is not prlnclplo
with him this time nearly as much as
it is expediency. Grand Rapids Herald.
Better Never Than Now.
Tho dlfferenco between curing a
tariff '.aw and digging a gravo for It
Is great. When tho peoplo of tho
United Stnte3 van. to bury protection
out of sight thoy will call on tho Dem
ocratic party, but not before. They
have found protection very useful in
tho business of tho nation and will
havo further uso for It. "Reform of
tho tariff by Its friends" may mean re
form "the day after never," but even
thnt Is better than reform by Its ene
mies, which means reform out of ex
istence, with all that Implies. Pitts
Does Not Vote As He Thinks.
Southern Democrats understand
woll enough that Republican policies
aro prosperity policies. But they aro
oxpectod to voto their prejudices, not
their convlctlonB. Many of them will
contlnuo to voto their prejudices, too,
but some won't. A Democrat told tho
editor of this paper a fow days ago
that ho never had voted a. Republican
ticket and had no Intention of over
voting ono, but that ho hoped tho next
Republican candldato for Prosldont
would bo olected. Valley Mills (Tex.)
Are They Getting Tired?
Politicians who are now talking
frco trado must Imagine that the peo
plo aro getting tired of prosperity.
Tioneata (Pa.) Republican,
Historic Old Stony Point
Scene of One of the Most Brilliant Exploits
of "Mad" Anthony Wayne Daring Night
Attack Won the Fort from the British
(Special Correspondence )
i U VME of tho most brilliant on
I J I gagements of tho. revolution
ImjmI ary war was the capture by
dUQ) Mn(1 Anthony Wayno of
Stony Point on the Hudson,
tho anniversary of which was recent
ly celebrated. Tho occasion waB ob
served by tho dedication of tho battle
field as a stato park, and was mado
notoworthy by tho attendance of Gov.
Odull and many state officials. Tho
park has been created by tho patriotic
labors of tho Society for tho Preser
vation of Scenic and Historic Places
and Objects, and Is now under caro of
Stony Point Is a small, rocky pro
montory on tho west bank of tho
Hudson, nt the cntrnnce to tho High
lands and opposlto Vcrplnnck's Point.
Vt both theso places during tho rovo
.utlon tho Americans constructed
forts. The plnco wns a most Import
ant one, commnndlng the lino of a
communication between Now England
and other colonics. It was tho key
to tho Highlands.
Early in the summer of 1779 Sir
Henry Clinton, tho British command
er at Now York, sent an expedition
up tho Hudson to enpturo tho forts.
The expedition wns successful. Stony
l'Qlnt, all tho fortifications of which
wero not quite completed, was
abandoned by the Amorlcnns, nnd
Vcrplnnck's Point was taken. Em
boldened by his success, Clinton sent
out other expeditions. One of theso,
commanded by Gen. Tryon, and con
sisting of 2,500 men, was sent to
plunder the coast of Long Island
Sound. Tryon plundered Now Haven,
burned Fairfield and Norwalk and
committed other outrages at Sag Har
bor, on Long Island, In tho course
of a few days the unsparing wretch
burned 250 dwelling houses, Ave
churches and 125 barns and stores.
Many of tho Inhabitants wero cruelly
murdered and a number of women
wero subjected to unspcakablo Indig
nities. Tho outrages greatly Inflamed tho
Americans and stirred them to great
er activities. Tno loss of Stony Point
was one keenly felt and It was re-
At the sumo time another American
forco attempted the rapture of Vcr
planck's Point, but wero unsuccess
ful. The Americans did not remain long
In possession of Stony Point A strong
British forco was soon on Its way up
tho Hudson, nnd on Its approach the
Americans evacuated tho placo, after
having dismantled tho fortification.
It speaks well for Americans that
they treated their prisoners with
noblo humanity. According to British
historian, Stcdman, they would havo
been Justified In putting tho garrison
to sworJ, but no holdler on tho Brit
ish stdo fell unless In fair combat In
tho capture of tho tort tho patriots
secured a largo quantity of war muni
tlons and all tho artillery.
STONY POINT TO-DAY.
solved to recapture the place, now
greatly strengthened, nt any hazard.
Tho undertaking was a desperate one,
as tho fort could only bo taken by
surprise, and In looking around for a
leader Washington fixed upon Gen.
The latter readily consented to lead
the attacking farco nnd determined
to mako tho attempt at midnight. In
order to guard against a betrayeal of
his movement every dog In tho vicin
ity was put to death. A negro fruit
seller wns found who know tho fort
well nnd he ngreed to pilot tho Ameri
cans to tho spot.
At midnight on July 15, 1779. tho
storming party, In two divisions, ap
proached the fort. No member of tho
expedition was permitted to load his
musket, lest an accidental discharge
should ruin tho movement. Tho bayo
net alone was to bo depended upon.
Tho negro accompanied by two sol
diers, disguised as farmers, reached
tho first sentinel, to whom tho coun-
tSffBffnii wrffpiiiiiilffifl iTHiBJB
Old Stony Point,
teralgn was given. Instantly the sen
tinel was bound and gagged, A sec
ond sentinel underwont tho same
trentmont. A third senttnol, however,
gnvo tho alarm and tho garrison
sprang to arms and opened flrC on
tho Americans. It was too lato, how
ever. Tho latter, advancing In two
bodies on two sides of tho fort, broke
Into a run, scnled tho parapet and
met In tho center o the fort. In tho
fight that followod tho Americans lost
fifteen killed and eighty-three wound
ed, but thoy enpturod tho fort. The
British lost slxtj -three killed and 646
WISHED TO BE EXACT.
Husband Throws Damper on Young
Now a prosaic man with n perverted
sense of humor can bo very aggravat
ing. Let that bo understood at tho out
set. When sho broke In upon his medita
tions she wns excited, as waB quite
natural under tho circumstances.
When tho first baby but we'ro com
ing to that.
"Oh, George!" sho cried, "baby's cut
Ho looked up nt her in a calm, mat
ter-of-fact way that was quite chill
ing. "Nonsense! " ho returned.
"But ho has!" sho protested. "I
guess I know."
"Nonscnso!" ho repeated. "You can't
cut a tooth with anything short of den
tist's tools; you can break It, but you
can't cut it, so don't talk about any
thing so foc'ilsh. And, even If ho did
cut It or break it, It's only a first
Ho picked up his book again, and for
nil of ono evening sho never gnvo him
anything but cold, reproachful glancoB.
Tall Indiana Soldiers.
A record of the height of Indiana sol
dlors In the civil war shows that out
of 118,254 there was 15,047 5 feet 10
Inches high, 8.70G 5 i"pet 11 Inches.
0,679 6 feet high, 2,014 6 feet 1 inchos.
1,357 G feet 2 Inches, 400 0 feet 3
Inches, nnd 330 over C foot 3 Inches.
Commenting on theso .statistics Dr.
Gould, actuary of tho Unltod States
Sanltnry Commission, writes: "It 1b
evident from our statistics that tho In
diana men aro tho tallest of all na
tives of tho United States, nnd tbeso
latter tho tallest of all civilized countries."
Will Save Many Infant Lives.
Tho death of John D. Rockefollnr'n
grandson about a year ago may lead
to tho saving of mnny young IUa Mr.
Rockefeller set nsido a fund it $200,
000 for tho discovery of tho gem thnt
causes summer complaint, tho disease
from which his grandchild died, nnd
It is said that a scientist belonging to
Johns Hopkins unhorslty has found
it. Tho disease named Is believed to
bo carrying off over 60,000 children
8well Fire Department.
The flro department nt Larchmont,
Now York's swell suburb, had its an
nual turn-out n few dnys ago, most of
its millionaire membors being present
In uniform And thoy are not an orna
mental lot either. Every ono of them
nlmcst Is an onthuslastlc and well
drilled fireman, nnd a bravo show they
mado on parade, with their whlto duck
trousers, red shlrti and red helmets,
topped with Bmn'! 'i-iterna.
When I was but a wee shy boy.
My mother' pride, my fnther's Jay.
My hands nnd mouth had full employ
When blackberries we.ro ripe.
And oft my mummy sho would squeeze
The thorns from out my arms nnd knees,
And my good tlnd. till t koI ease.
Would quench bis favorite pipe.
And even since I've become ft mnn,
And dressed on quite n different plan,
Ie still Bono cnrrylns tho can
When blnlkbcrrles urew sweet.
Yes, trampling through tho bramble
I'd court ttict keenest pnlns nnd nches
Por two or three fair colleens' sakej,
Whoso names I'll not repeat.
Till Nornh of tbo nmber hair,
That wns my partner here and there.
Around, About unit everywhere,
Ah blnckberrles came In.
When I Just tried with too much baste,
Tho richer, rarer fruit to taste,
That on her lips was going to waste,
Hlio tosses up her chin.
Ami marches by mo night and morn.
Her Kray ejes only glancing Bcorn.
HcRnrdlfss of tho rankling thorn
Sbo's rooted In my heart.
Yet maybe, though I much misdoubt.
1 Her ejes that Hash, her lips that (lout,
May et turn kind and conjuro out
Thut most distressful durt.
To mnko an amusing toy in tho
shnpo of a windmill take two largo
linen thread spools add cut ono of
them Into halves. Take two sticks of
tho samo length, smooth them with
a ponknlfo nnd whlttlo tho ends to
fit upright Into tho holes of tho halves
of spool. Silt the other ends of tho
uprights to support a third stick hori
zontally. On this piece of wood slip
tho other spool, which must fit loosely,
as It Is to turn round nnd round
through tho action of tho wind. Two
uiiuuKU uiu uciiim ui iiiu wiuu. inu
holes should bo pierced through the
spool and fitted with two crossed
sticks. Into tho ends of tho latter fit
stout pieces of pasteboard, on each
of which a plcturo of an animal or
bird Is paBtcd. Then sot tho wind
mill on a chair and lower tho window
to admit a draft that will strike only
the two lower cards. The mill will
whirl rapidly and tho birds or animals
look as If thoy wero flying. Topoka
A Home-Made Toy.
Hora aro slmplo directions for mak
ing a kaleldoscopo that will glvo all
tho beautiful effects shown by ono
bought at a storo. Any boy or girl of
oven ordinary Ingenuity can mako It,
and it will bo likely to glvo all tho
moro enjoyment from tho fact that it
is mado at homo.
Get a glazlor to cut you thrco strips
of glass ten inches long by two Indies
wldo. Tlo them togethor triangularly
with Btout thread. Then cut a pleco
of partly transparent papor bo that It
will fit ovor ono end of this prism,
leaving narrow edges to lap ovor.
Paste this on with mucllago or flour
pasto, and then cut a pleco Just llko
It for tho othor end, oxcopt that it
must bo of papor that Is entirely
In tho center of this opaquo ond cut
a round holo a trlflo larger than a
silver dlmo. This holo Is for tho oye.
Now cover tho Bides of tho apparatus
with papor llko that used for tho eyo
pleco and the kaleldoscopo Is finished.
Put a fow pieces of colored glass or
some beads In, through tho holo mado
for tho eye, and turn tho thin paper
ond to tho light Then, with your eyo
to opening, kcop tho prism slowly
turning, and you will seo all tho pret
ty figures that a bought kaleldoscopo
Thoso little balls for pins aro vory
easily mado, and are always useful.
Cut from pastoboard twclvo round
pieces. You can easily mako them by
UBing a small teacup or round butter
plato, about two Inchos In diameter.
Coyor each pleco with sllosla or cam
bric and thon with silk sow two pieces
together vory nicely ovorhand around
tho edgo. Attach theso balls to six
pieces of ribbon of different lengths,
tho longest porhnps tn inches, tho
next eight and n half, tho next seven,
tho next five, tho noxt thrco and a half
nnd tho last ono two Inches Sew
theso ribbons together at tho ends and
I cover vlth a pretty bow of ribbon.
Placo pins around tho balls closely DbI
a.nd regularly. fiH
For theso you will need two yards H
o ribbon one-halt Inch In width, one "H
paper small pins, one-eighth yard !!k. H
Possibly you can find suitable silk at H
" " " sbbbbh
The Match Telegraph. '
Place match A crosswlso over mtitch
O In such a way that tho head tit A
touches tho tnblo, whllo tho other end M
points up. On tho end pointing up tho M
ond of a third match Is laid, without M
lifting tho head of A from the U.ble. 'fl
Tho head of A can only bo lifted by M
pressing on match C. Placo a fairtli M
match In a slanting direction on O, on 2
tho fourth ono a fifth, as Bhown In '-
tho Illustration. By pressing tho match M
laid down last with tho finger, tho M
pressure will go from match to match M
and lift tho head or A from tho table. M
If you placo a small glass on tho B
head of A on ono end of tho tablo and ,H
let tho telegraph go clear across tho i'll
tablo you can move tho glass cut somo- '4il
times knock It over by pressing tho H
last match. H
Music From a Glass Tube. H
It Is well known that tho song ot H
n small bird can be Imitated to per- H
fcctlon with a glass tube by rubbing . H
tho outsldo of tho tubo with a small '
pleco of soft cork. By using a glass H
tubo of -lnch diameter and 24 Inches H
length and widening ono end ot it H
over an alcohol framo to form tho H
mouthpiece, a musical Instrument can H
bo created tho sound ot which re- H
minds ono ot tho powerful tono ot a H
trombone For that purpose wo roll H
a shoot ot drawing paper around the H
tubo and closo ono end ot It. This H
doublo tubo Is nmply sufficient to H
mako a good trombone, tho Bound ot H
which Is vory dcop. By shoving tho H
pnper tubo ovor tho glass tubo tbo H
tono gets higher, and vlco-vcrsa. It H
Is not very hard to play on it. Every- H
amateur can become an artist after H
a llttlo practice. H
An Ingrowing House. H
Thcro Is a wron In Central Amer- H
ica whoso nest Is a marvel ot con .H
Btructlvo ingenuity. It selects a small H
treo with horizontal branches grow-. H
lng closo togethor. Across two ot the H
branches it lays sticks and fastens H
them togethor with fibre until it has H
comploted a platform about six feet, H
In length by two foet in width. H
On tho end ot tho platform nearest H
tho treo trunk it builds a great dome- H
shnped nest at least twelve inches H
In height, tho sides being formed ot H
Interwoven thorns. Then it con- H
structs a crooked, tunnel-llko passage- H
way from tho nest to tho outor end of H
tho platform, nnd In this tunnel, at H
Intorvals, It builds llttlo thorn fences,, H
leaving Just enough room for its body H
to pass through. H
Blowing Cornucopias. H
Mako two cornucopias of fairly stiff
papor, leaving tho email ends largo H
enough to pass pieces ot twino H
through. Take two pieces of string, H
and slip each pleco through one cornu- H
copla, stretching them two feet apart H
as tight as you can across tho room, fl
fastening tho ends to either wall,
The strings should bo high enough
from tho ground to ennblo you to blow -
Into tho cornucopia. Tho object ot
tho gamo is for two people tJ stand at
tho end ot tho strings and blew into
tho largo oponlngs of tho cornucoplaa
and seo which ono can get It across
tho room first.
It takes n porson with a good pair
of lungs to sond It the length of tho
string In ono blow.
Four Squares, One Line.
t. . H
To draw the four perfect squares
shown In tho illustration with one con-
tlnuous lino, start at a, go to b, c, d, ,
o, f, g, h, 1, k, and so forth, and tho ' 7 '
trick is dono. H
Clever Dogs. H
Wo havo heard of tho dog that H
bought his own dinner; ot tho ono 'Il
that paid bills and waited for a ro- '"il
colpt; and so you will scarcely bo sur- 'iEfl
prised when I toll you that in at " K-9
suburb of this city thuro Is a blacki '.'.fl
and whlto dog which doesn't llko aft-- '
ernoon walks. It his owner (who tiasj j HH
totlred from business) attempt tr
tako him out after dinner ho turn. r,'s
tall and makes for homo. I really'
think that ho must havo acaid "Attu
dinner, rest awhile," C. I - "