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Colonel Tanner and his friends went
homo. 'The victory was theirs. The
oiitiro town tiirnpd out to greet them
nnd tho paeans of joy that went up
that night shook the earth from Flor
ence to tho Papeo. It was a great
Colonel Tanner has more grey hairs
than he need to, but he is as young as
over and his benign countenance is
Illuminated by tho same old smile. He
expressed himself as delighted with
the town, but said ho didn't see how
he could live hero after getting ac
customed to tho lardy odor of tho
packing house's of Ills home. "The air
here,' said Colonel Tanner, "don't
seem to have any body to it; it's too
thin entirely." So Colonel Tanner and
his good wifo.wcnt back to their hap
ny homo by tho shores of picturesque
PROLONGING THE PRIME OF LIFE.
Tho ready made reviews scarcely
do justice to tho article appearing un
der the above' caption In tho current
Professor Metchinikoff, chief of re
seirch at tho Pasteur Institute of
Paris and one- of tho most eminent bi
ologists of tho day has reached tho as
tonishing conclusion that the span of
human life may be largely increased.
In the September McClure's A. F.
McFarlano describes In a paper which
13 tho outcome of a series of Interviews
with Profesor Metchnlkoff, tho discov-
R cries and investigations which give
warrant for the scientist's belief.
Professor Metchnikoff's latest Inves
tigations have shown that old age as
ow know it is practically a disease,
just ps tangible nnd conquerable as
any other human ill, and one ngalnst
which the body should be able to arm
Itself with weapons as effectively as
' those which science raises against bu
bonic plague or diphtheria.
Tho discovery of tho pathological
nature of old age is the outcome of
Metehnik()fr3 discovery, some years
"Ko. of the function of the Phagocytes
(white corpuscles of tho blood) whoso
( activity In atacklng and devouring tho
ihcstilo microbes that enter the sys
tem is tho measure of our immunity
from disease. In observing these mi
croscopic "watch-dogs of the blood,"
tho astonishing discovery was made
that certain diseases, notably the "at
rophies," not only were not combated
by tho phagocytes, but were actually
caused by them. It was seen that cer
tain physical conditions cause a per
version of the activities of the macro
phages (a variety of phagocyte) which
then turn their attacks upon the body
Itself and devour It3 cells as vora
ciously as under normal conditions
they destroy foreign microbes. From
l this discovery it was but a step to
recognize the analogy between these
phenomena and tho state called "old
,age" which is nothing more than com
! So far, the most positive result3
obtained have been reached along the
lines of prevention rather than of cure.
One of tho causes of the pernicious
activities of the macrophages is the
microbe of putrefaction in the diges
tive tube, and this, It was discovered,
may be rendered Innocuous by the mi
crobe of the ferment which causes
milk to sour. A search in Europe
discovered the healthiest microbe of
this variety inhabiting tho keffr milk
of the Bulgarian mountaineers, who
nre the longest lived people of tho
continent. With this corroboration of
their theory, Professor Metchnlkoff
and his co-workers Imported quanti
ties of the keffr milk, and established
cultures in their laboratories. They
are experimentirg upon themselves by
drinking generously every day of milk
fermented by this microbe, and are
able to chronicle encouraging resujts.
Whether or not a continuance of the
diet will bring the professor to the
"hundred and forty years" which lluf
fon set down as the natural span of
man's life, time can only tell. How to
held the Insurgent macrophages to
their normal function Is the unsolved
problem for tho scientists, but other
roads have boon opened which ap
proach tho subject from different di
rections nnd with groat success. Tho
ingenious experiments of tho labara
tory workers make an absorbing story
and one that has for tho lay mind con
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