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ML. Fiftieth Year-No. a3 Price Five cents OGDEN CITY, UTAH, TjESDAY 'EVENING, APRIL 6, 1920 LAST EDITION 4 P. Mr '
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Hi -JOHNSON LEADS FIELBf IN MICHIGAN PRIMARY J
1; WOOD SECOND,
I Hoover Running Strong In
Michigan Primaries on G. O.
; P. Side of Ticket
NEW YORK VOTING
' ON CANDIDATES TODAY
Politicians Watch Empire
State Result With Interest;
; ' D.ETROIT. Mich.. April C. "Willi
approximately one-half of the pre
cincts voting hi yesterday's presiden
tial ' primary tabulated this morning.
United States Senator Iliram Johnson
held a lead of 44, 057 votes over Ma
jor General Leonard Wood for the Re
publican endorsement. The figures
from 1,-200 precincts gave:
Johnson. 10G.55G; "Wood, 01. SOD.
Included in the figures was the
complete vote of Detroit, practically
completo figures from Grand Rapids
ad move than half the precincts in
other industrial centers of the state.
Johnson- was running behind in iho
state outside of Detroit. The complete
Dejlroft vote, however, gave him 6),
004.' :again:sl 10,143 for Wood.
' . Hoover Running.
r ' 'Returns from the northern penin
tt sula. which the Wood' campaign man- (
9f agers claimed as one, Of thelritrong-
If . .mmM:
hB peninsula, hows-ver. showed Wood
;K ' 1Q,47U( Johnson S.011.
H " ,1-jeruort Hoover, whose najne ap-
1" Iff peared on both ballots, was leading
'fiw ine Democratic ticket with 11,4 611
ftSK against 10.250 for Governor Edwards
' IK of New Jersey. William G. McAdoo
,. IS had 9.25S and W. J. Bryan 7,267. The
'-IS Democratic vote seemingly was mucn
(; II lighter than had Ucen anticipated.
' l Reports from the western part crt'
II the state were that returns in the ru- j
' Jtt&V ral districts mlglit not become avail-
IlpPfcr able for 4 8 hours, owing to disrupted
ll wire communication and impassable
"S roads caused by Sunday s snowstorm.
W- ' , Pink Boll Worm Causes Most
ft'. jL C Serious Situation to Industry
Yu jfgj Experts Say
jB: 1 "WASHINGTON, April 0. Reap-
M pearanco of the pink boll worm in
E K .Texas and discovery of the Insect in
p I' Louisiana present the most serious sit-
I uation which has ever confronted the
I cotton industry of ihe United States,
I according to experts of the deparl
Bg' merit of agriculture. Unless preventive
ff" 3 measures are taken" immediately a re
I view of the situation issued today said.
I" il the boll worm will become a perma-
m ' ncnt and serious llmitinsr factor In tho
' I production of cotton.
' The drastic quarantine now being
- jB, enforced in Louisiana gives hope of
' V; an eradication of the pest in that sec-
- I tion, the review said, but tho "unfor-
I . ,f tunate result" of the resumption of
I iIq, cotton growing In Texas districts
I.' jl where the boll worm has become en-
ffc, A, trenched threatens to undo the work
! IK of stamping out the destroyer.
I If, "As a result of the failure of the
I state of Texas to carry out the pro-
J Uf gram of control which had been prom-
IJ"j M Ised If the Insect should reappear,"
I B the review stated, "a new arid very
Wtr serious phase of the situation dcvel
f hS j oped early In 1920. The one draw
s' SB back to success now Is the delay in
' w Wk I Texas in establishing non-cotton zones
J or "ne mece( areas, a delay which
W already has resulted in the planting
I of considerable areas In cotton. D'e
I jl struction of this cotton later on, if
w ILz a-uthorlzed by the stale, will simply
Bp -mean that much greater cost."
!, LOWDEN'S MANAGER
MEETS WITH BORAH
t'VSHl WASHINGTON, April 5. Louis L.
! V Emerson, secretary of state of Illinois
'i 'i W aMd manaer of Governor Lowtlen's
Vi K campaign committee, conferred today
A I with Senator Borah of Idaho, who re
M WL' sJ centy had criticised alleged excessive
Vjl wkf campaign contributions, and later an
il imr nounced that the governor stood ready
M W to. make public a complete record of
m n,s expenses, provided the same infor
JU P' matlon was furnished by other can
i ' .
I . JIG CLASS iS i
Bolshevik Premier Admits
Capable People Must be Ob- !
"tained from Hated
NEITHER AT PEACE
NOR WAR HE SAYS;
Polish Government Does Not!
Know What it Will Do j
Lenine Declares (
MOSCOW. March 29. (By the. As
sociated' Press Delayed.) Nicholal
Lenine, premier of the soviet govern
ment, addressing the ninth convention
of the communist party today, out
lined peace proposals received by tho
Russian Bolshevik government, re
stated some of the principles for which
he said the soviet republic stood, and
revealed some concessions to the for
mer governing classes.
"'We are neither at. peace' nor war
and are neither recognized nor un-
recognized," he said, "Letvia has I
tjiicidc formal peacii 'proposals, and
awmMio -pScp overtures- Reg&rdi:it;
Poland, we must be very careful, be
cause we are dealing with a govern
ment which does not know what it
will do tomorrow."
Discussing internal -problems, Le
nine said centralization of decentral
ization was the most imuortanl ques
tion before the convention. While
soviet government demands are unal
tered for certain urincinles. such as J
the abolition of nriverto m'operiy, he
said, history has shown that when
the change from a feudal to a bour
geois government was made, the latter!
availed itself of administrators from (
former governing classes.
. Great Enthusiasm.
'Wo are undergoing the same ex-!
perience." he said. "Wo must have ca-
pable people from the ruling classes
who understand the technique of ad
ministration while we are preparing
proletarian rulers for administrative
Tremendous enthusiasm greeted tho
FEDERAL JUDGE LANDIS
TAKES BALLOON TRIP
Umaha, Neb., April 5. A free bal
loon, in which Judge K. M. Land is of
Chicago, Colonel Joseph Morrow of
Chicago, Lieutenant Colonol Jacob
Wuest and A. Leo Stevens of Fort
Omaha, started for Chicago at 11;40
a. m. today and landed this afternoon
at 3:45 o'clock at Anita, Iowa, about
75 miles west of here.
-A message from Colonel Wuest
stated that they would return to Oma-j
ha on a train.
COAL MINERS QUIT
AS PROTEST TO WAGE
PITTSBURG, Kan., April 5. Alex
ander M. Howat, president of district
No. 15. United Mine Workers of
America, announced tonight that be
tween 1,500 and 2,000 miners in Craw
ford and Cherokee counties, Kansas,
struck today as a direct protest
against the recent wage award of
President Wilson's coal commission.
Mr. Howat characterized the award
as an "outrage." Ho asserted tho
strike was purely voluntary on tho
part of the miners.
LEGION WANTS TO
OUST ITS OFFICER
FORT WORTH, Tex., April G. Tho
executive committee of the American
Legion of Texas, meeting here, adopt
ed a resolution, asking National Com
mander d'Olier to demand the resigna
tion of Thomas W. Miller, as chairman
of the legislative committee of tho le
gion. Tho resolution declared that Mil
ler, who is campaign manager for Ma
&jor Generl Leonard Wood, would vo
late the constitution of tho legion by
remaining in office.
TEN MILLION IN GOLD
FOR UNITED STATES
HALIFAX. N S., April 5. Tho
steamship Carmanla, which arrlred
here today on the way from Liverpool
to Now York, had aboard gold valued
at $10,000,000, destined to the United
SUtes sub-treasury, in New York,
i . -
IBHT ' "rr' :"' " . ,
: DETROIT VOTES
! TO BUILD ITS '
I OWN CAR SYSTEM
DETROIT, Mich., April 6.
The proposal sponsored by
Mayor Jame3 Couzins to bond
the city for $15,000,000-for $15,
000,000 with which to begin the
building of a municipally
owned street railway system to
compete wtih the present De
troit United Railway carried at
yesterday's election, according
to complete figures tabulated :
today. The vote cast was 49,
285 in favor of the bonding is-
sue and 35,689 or 63.6 per cent
of the total vote cast against a
required 60 per cent,
to Chicago to End Walkout
by Outlaw Group
CHICAGO, April C-Railroad man-j
agers estimated today that traffic in!
Chicago terminals, crippled by an un-j
authorized strike of switchmen on ;
oighteen roads here and Sunday's!
blizzard, would te nearly normal oy
I Saturday, following the arrival of
1 yardmen sent by the Brotherhood ol ,
Railway Trainmen to take the place of!
A shutdown at the stockyards be
cause of light cattle receipts threat
ened to throw 50,000 men temporarily
out of work. Morris and company'
slated that 75 per cent of all their
employes would be laid oXf "represent
conditions continued for a few more
John Gruiiau, leader of the strikers,
claimed that 16,500 switchmen had
quit in the Chicago district. He said
tho strikors were financially able to
stay out a month. Railroad managers
asserted not more than 2500 men were
A. F. Whitney, vice president of the
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen,
said that 600 broiherhood men from
Cleveland, 300 from Iowa, together
with surplus road crews, were ordered
Striking members of the Order of
Railway Conductors were appealed to
to return to work by S. N. Berry, Ce
dar Rapids, la., senior vice president
of the organization.
The city's supply of dairy and farm
! products was cut short by an express
TOLEDO. O., April 6 Railroad yard
men in the Toledo switching district
are meeting here today to present de
mands for higher wages.
CLEVELAND. O.. April C. W. G.
I Lee. president of the Brotherhood of
Railway Trainmen today Issued tho
following statement regarding th
employment of brotherhood members j
as union strikebreakers in tho Chi-1
cago switchmen's strike:
"Regardless of reports issued by!
John Gruneau, loader of tho strike
of switchmen at CJilcngo. such strike
Is illegal nnd members of the Broth
erhood of Railway Trainmen and
others will be full protected In ac
cepting positions "as switchmen or
switch tenders made vacant by such
"The question of increased wages
had nothing to do with tho present
trouble, but the removal of John
Gruneau from a position as yard con
ductor was the cause of a fow
switchmen In the Chicago, Mllwaukoo
1 & St. Paul railroad yard, who were
members of a renegado organization
headed by Gruneau. quitting work.
Tho question of increases In the
wagqs was later injected for tho pur
pose of playing upon the sympathies
of other train and yardmen vlio nat
urally feel that the federal railroad
administration did not grant fair and
equitable wages during government
WILL BE SENATORS
ROME, April 6. -Pictro Mascagni
and Gfacomo Puccini, the famous com
posers, will be elected to the Italian
senate before the reopening of parlia
ment, says the Gironale d'Ualin.
! l o io n n nn ill
Government Troops Defeat
Communists in Fight in
1 WestpKalia Province
: AIRPLANES IN ACTION
j Considerable v Plundering Re
! ported at Dortmund; Krupp
' Pro vision 3S tore Robbed
BERLIN, ApriM6.- Tho reds lost 300
killed ia fighting with government
troops near : Pelken, southeast of
Hamm, Westphalia, according to a dis
patch from Hamm to the Lokal An
zeiger today. Two armored cars and
one flying squadron participated iu the
action, the dispatch says. '
The progress of the German troops
into the Ruhr region was chronicled
in tho folld'wiug official statement is
sued today: ; .
"The action p"f tho police Forces in
the industrial region is proceeding ac
cording to pl.an. Regular troops are
present north, of Bottrop, Westphalia,
y.'hichjias not yet been, occupied. ,,yThe
ment ha3 just entered and where it!
advanced against considerably
stronger detachments of red guards on
tho Leunen-Kamen mine. In the
Hoerde district the Wicked e railway
station has been stormed by red
guards, as were also the Admiral and
Considerable plundering occurred
in Dortmund. At Essen the Krupp
provision department was robbed."
City Crowded With Poverty
Stricken and Humming
With War Activity
WARSAW, April 6 Warsaw is hum
ming with war activity and is crowded
to Its very doors with hordes of poverty-stricken
refugees from tho areas
for which the Poles and Bolshevikl are
fighting. Travelers say it is the most
crowded city in eastern Europe. The
population is estimated to have in
creased from 800,000 to 1,300,000 since'
tho world war began. '
Everywhere there are officers and
soldiers. Military automobiles, trac
tors and various other vehicles of war
traverse the streets all day, and most
of the night. The cafe life is as bright
and gay as ever, but the restaurants
and theatres close at 10 p. m. to save
food, light and labor. The refugees
from Ihe war-stricken areas began
streaming Into the city about a year
ago, and have been coming ever since,
hoping to find food and places to
sleep. The problem of providing for
them has baffled the city officials.
In the poorer districts, basements.!
which for generations wore used for'
storage purposes have been used for
refugees' sleeping quarters, in in
stances 15 to 20 persons, and even
more sleep on a basement floor, on
straw. Others have found shelter in
stables or in buildings intended for
schools. Many of these refugees are
women, with children, who have come
out of the east virtually without funds.
During the day, these people are part
ly supplied with food by the municipal
ity or some of tho welfare organiza
tions. Many exist only by begging.
Warsaw's tenements, always crowd
ed as New York's case side has been
for years, are jammed with humanity
as never before, and during tho severe
winter weather, when there was an
epidemic of influenza, hero old men
and women and children died by the
hundreds every day in this land of the
City officials see no relief in sight
until warmer weather comes, when
they hope the people -will gradually
begin leaving for the country to work
NEWS PRINT MADE
OF RUSS CURRENCY
COPENHAGEN. April C Bank
notes issued by General Yudonitch for
the northwest army are being convert
ed into paper pulp at nn Esthonlan
paper factory, says the Helsingfor.1
correspondent of the TIdningen', i
Money Spent By France
To Occupy Teuton Towns j
Must Be Paid By Germans '
PARIS, April 6. French soldiers
today occupy the German cities of
Frankfort do Goutte, which have
been holding the Mayence bridge
head, were ordered forward by
Marshal Foch following the efforts
on the part of the French govern
ment yesterday to induce the Ber
lin government to withdraw its
forces from the neutral zone along
the eastern bank of the Rhine,
where they had been ordered to
disperse communistic units that
the past fortnight have conduct
ed a revolt in the Ruhr valley.
Stirring scenes at Mayence yes
terday described by Henry Bidou,
military critic of tho Journal des
Debats In a, telegram to his paper.
He says that during the afternoon,
troops' activity begun and soon
auto trucks and field kitchens be
gan moving eastward, accompan
ied by Moroccan troops with ma
Chief interest in- the situation
as evidenced by newspapers here
is whether the allies will support
France, and to what extent This '
query was put to Premier Miller
and by the Echo de Paris last night
the premier answering:
"England was victorious and so
was France. I am confident ev
erything will work out perfectly."
Asked who would pay the ex
pense incident to occupation M.
Millprand replied: "Why ..Xxer.r
- that by her acts obliged us tor e
sort to coercion."
Occupatlbn of Frankfort, Darm
stadt and other German cities in
the neutral zone is generally in
dorsed by journals of all shades of
political opinion. It is recognized
Ihco peration will be risky and
burdensome, but unavoidable in
view of the tendencies of the Ber
lin government, Critics of the
si ncra is
BEEP WATER BASE
WASHINGTON, April 6. The
senate naval committee today
voted to establish an extensive
deep water naval base on San
Francisco bay and authorized the
appointment of a naval commis
sion to decide on a site and sub
mit plans and recommendations by
October 1, 920.
NOTE TO RUSSIANS
HONOLULU, T. H., April 6 (By
the Associated Press) Cable advices
received here today from Tokio by the
Nippu Jiji, a Japanese language news
paper, state that Minister of War Tan
aka has dispatched a note to the rev
olutionary government at Vladivostok,
saying that Japan will immediately
withdraw her troops from Siberia if
the Russian revolutionists will settle
tho unrest in Vladivostok.
General Oi, commanding the Japan
ese troops, has informed the social
revolutionists, the cable stated, that
the troops would be withdrawn if the
Russians would restrict the movement
of Koreans to Siberia and guard the'
railroads. No time for the withdrawal
of the Japanese was nnnounced.
ELKS AT TONOPAH TO
TONOPAH, Nev.. April 5. New of
ficers elected by the Tonopah lodge of
Elks arc: Exalted ruler, W. B. Evans;
esteemed leading knight, D. J. Fitz
gerald; esteemed loyal knight, Ray W.
Picrcey; esteemed lecturing knight, L.
0. Mellor; secretary, Lowell Daniels;
treasurer. Dan K. Cain; esquire,
Claudo H. Church; chaplain, J. W.
Scott; tyler, W. S. Marks; inner guard,
Raymond W. Robb; organist, Horman
W. Albert; trustees, Jamos J. McQuIl
llan, William G. Gray and Edwnrd C.
Tho now officers will bo installed
SHIP TO DEPART
WITH SOLDIER DEAD
BREST, April 6. The United Slates
transport Mercury will leave hero Fri
day, for the United States with tho
bodies of 315 American soldiers who
died in France.
- . j- , j
i premier, however, deplore the fact
the allies are not participants in
"France will inforce respect of
the Versailles' treaty but the allies
will not help to do it," is a caption
appearing in today's edition of the
Oeuvre, the inference drawn being
that tlje purely platonic nature of
the allied support is due to fail
ure on the part of M. Millerand
and his aides to meet the exigen
cies of the situation.
"Pertinax," political editor of
the Echo de Paris, says more con
crete support will be forthcoming
as a result of the premier's state
ment issued last night He says
M. Millerand "feels capable of con
vincing President Wilson, himself,
if he is still guided by rules of
"Mr. Wilson's memorandum of
March 29," thew riter continues,
"said dispatch of more German
troops into the Ruhr region must,
in his opinion, be justified by
the course of events. We do not
expect passive acceptance of an
accomplished fact from our allies,
but te confident assistance to
Which they have accustomed us."
Premier Millerand's note on the
subject of occupying German cities
east of the Rhine, declared the
.Berlin government, "had given
way to pressure by the militarist
r jpjirlv,'. and .that the sending ofj
tral zone was not justified by the
situation. It was pointed out that
the movement of French forces
would be of a "coervlve and pre
cautionary nature, and could not
be deferred, and the premier de
clared if Germany had carried out
the disarmament clauses of the
Versailles' treaty neither the Kapp
revolt nor the Ruhr revolution
would have occurred.
LOG! 01 TAKES
JUMP III II YEARS
WASHINGTON, April 6. Popu
lation statistics announced today
by the census bureau included:
Vinita, Okla., 4961, increase 976
or 21 5 per cent.
Logan, Utah, 9439, an increase
of 1917, or 25.5 per cent.
Grand Junction, Colo., 8665, in
crease 911, or 11.7 per cent.
Albany, Georgia, 11,555, an in
crease of 3365, or 44.1 per cent.
Carrick, Pa., 10,504, an increase
of 4387, or 71.7 per cent.
PILOTS TO RECEIVE
STRICT MEDICAL TEST
"WASHINGTON. April 6. Creation
of a special "aation medical service"
in the nrmy medical corps Is expected
to materially reduce fatalities among
fliers on aclivo service, according to
an official announcement. Statistics
r compiled by British military authori
ties were quoted as showing that dur
ing the first year of the war 30 per
cent of the deaths among British avi
ators were recorded as physical de
fects of pilots, S per cent 10 defective
planes and 2 per cent to enemy aetiv
ty. After the establishment of an air
medical service which made a special
study of tho qualifications necessary
in an aviator, the percentage of deatns
duo to the faults of the pilots was re
duced to twelve.
WINNEMUCCA TO TAR
AND FEATHER I.'W. W.
WINNEMUCCA. Nev., April 5.
Following a report that an I. W. W.
agitator is endeavoring to stir up
strife among tho workers engaged in
constructing the new hotel, postoffico
and courthou&o in Winnemucca, citi
zens have threatened to treat any I.
W. W. caught In the act of causing
trouble with tar and feathers.
FALLON FLOUR MILL
DESTROYED BY FIRE
FALLON, Nev., April 6. The plant
of the Fallon Flour Mill company,
valued at approximately $25,000, was
destroyed by fire supposed to have
been caused by defective wiring. Tho
mill will be reconstructed at an early
date, according to statements by the
TANKS ENTER V I
FRANKFORT TO - I
Army Moves Across Rhine to j
Enforce Respect for Terms
of Versailles Treaty j
CITIZENS MUST GIVE ' !
UP ARMS AT ONCE
People of Teuton Towns Feel lB
Iron Hand of Military
Regime Now -
MAYENCE, April G. 10:30 a. ni.
(By the Associated Press.) At' 5:20 jH
o'clock this morning French tanks en- 'll
tered Frankfort. They were followed jH
by a battalion of sharpshooters ana a
company of engineers, and these H
troops occupied strategic points and
the railroad station. Half a dozer. JJ
tank3 were posted near the station 1
and the barracks, and another forcfe
was stationed near police headquar- IH
lers and the postoffice. jH
These troops held the' important en- jH
trances to the city until 0 o'clock, N
when a battalion of chasseurs de- jH
trained at the station. jf
Few Germans Seen. -French
troops entered Frankfort at
5 o'clock this morning, finding only a J jH
small German force left thereto o,f- ' IH
ford police protection for the people. lH
The occupation of the city was aniv.e
military march and was not attended
by any fighting.
JJaj'nVitadt was entered shortlyaf-. , ll
e?WttraV ty?r&froop HH
man government garrison orfthat city IH
had left at midnight to avoid contact JH
with the French and this morning was
six miles east of the city. IH
General de Goutte has issued a jH
proclamation to the cities and towns IH
within the area to be occupied, dc- fH
daring French troops have crossed
the Rhine to compel the Berlin gov- jH
ernmcnt to respect its agreement with jH
the allies, and asserting there is no
hostile intent toward the people of
Rules by French.
The proclamation says the French
troops will withdraw as soon as tho jH
German government forces have evac- IH
uated the neutral zone, and declares jH
no one will be affected by the pres- fH
ence of the French as long as order ia
maintained. The proclamation makes IH
the following provisions for public or- IH
Frankfort, Darmsiadt, Offenbach, IH
Hochstadt, Koentgstein and Bieburg, jH
as well as all towns and districts with- jH
in the circle of Gross Gerau, Lang IH
Schwalbach and Wiesbaden, with the lH
exception of Blebrlch, are declared
under a state of siege. J
Strikes Forbidden. jH
Gorman authorities and public sei;
vices will continue, to function under
French military officials and slriket
will not be tolerated. jH
People are temporarily forbidden to
circulate in tho various communities H
from 'J o'clock ul night until 5. o'clock jH
in the morning. jH
More than five persons must not jH
collect in streets or in private or pub- IH
lie meetings without authorization. jH
Newspapers are temporarily sua N
pended and permission must bu given jjl
to use the telephone and telegraph.
Postal censorship is. temporarily estab- IH
lished, wireless installations must be jH
dismantled and the uso of carrier
pigeons Is forbidden.
All arms and grenades must bo de- ll
posited in city halls within six houri
after the posting of the proclamation, jH
but regular police will be allowed to
retain sabers and revolvers. Safety
guards must disarm.
Any Infraction of these rules will j
result in court-martial.
"The general commanding the army
of the Rhine," the proclamation con- K
eludes, "counts on the public powers j
and tho population to understand the.
necessity for the above measures and' . JH
hopes repression will not bo neces' jH
Von Mayer Notified. IN
Premier Millerand today formallj
notified Dr. von Mayer, tho German
charge d'affaires, of the action of the
French government in ordering the ad
vanco and informed him that as soon
as there bad been complete evacua
tion of the neutral zone by the Gen
man troops the French would evacuate
the cities they had been ordered tG'
occupy. iTho premier's note read:
"By my letters of April 2 I asked;
you to make" insistent representations IH
to your government to obtain the nn
mediate withdrawal of tho German jH
troops which unduly penetrated the
neutral zone fixed by Article 32 of the , jH
treaty of Versailles.
"My request .having obtained no re
suit up to this time, I have the honor
of informing you that the general com
manding in chief tho army of the ,
Rhine has received orders to occupy y
immediately the cities of Frankfort, v. IH
Hamburg, Hansu, Darmstadt and Die
burg. This occupation will end as soon ;
as the German troops shall have com- ,
pletely evacuated the neutral zone."