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Year-No. go. Price Five cents OGDEN CITY, UTAH WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 14, 1920 " LAST EDITION 4 P Nl " ;
IHI Jt- A .SU -PL A A n j jl. jsu a. I nil IIH
-SONORA DIGS TRENCflES FOR BATTLE
More Than 45,000 Voters
I m- I' Write in Calif orntan's Name
9 on Primary Ballots
1 W ROOSEVELT RECORD IN
I B ILLINOIS SURPASSED
I R" Lowden Captures His Home
I State by Substantial Majori-
1 V ty Women Vote
I M CHICAGO. April 14. According to
I ? latest returns today. Governor Frank
I K. 0. Lowden, of Illinois, won the Repub-
I . lican presidential preforehce primary!
1 in his home stale josterday by a plu-.
B V rallty of G 4.574 on returns from all bull
9' 430 scattered precince3, although Gen-
W m eral Leonard Wood carried Cook coun-.
1 R y (Chicago), by 27,443 and. Senator!
K Hiram Johnson, of California, whose
y name had to be written on the ballot,
lj SXirprlsetl political leaders by. running!
M up a vote of 45.J&3. iricluUns,4p.8Sl, In j
K; Gook county, Thereiver.e ''no" Demd-
41 i nimihpr nf names were written in by a
IU fijw hundred voters.
i Mayor William Halo Thompson, of
i! Chicago, Republican national commit-
tfjj " leeman for Illinois, carried eery ward
vl except one, for committeeman, thereby
nil gaining complete control of the Cook'
Jm ' county organization for four years. j
Few Women Vote. I
R While less than half the vote in the
Ia state was cast, and only a sixth as
$ many women as-men went to the polls,
fi; feminine thrift added to the pluralities1
1 by which four bond issues for ?34,000,-
jj 000 for municipal improvements were
fl defeated in Chicago. On the primary
candidates the proportion of women to
B men was about the same for the two
M leading candidates,
fit General Wood, the only candidate to
W make a campaign in the state, carried
m McDonough, Alexander and Pulaski
jjfl counties in addition to Cook, but all
3j the other OS counties went to Gover-
5J i nor Lowden, who, on the incomplete
1 unofficial returns, scored a majority
3 w "of 19,381 over Ills opponents. The gov-
jj . ornor rolled up a vote downaLitc that
reached a margin of as high as 7 to
f 1 in one or two counties, bringing him
j I to the Cook county line with nearly
I 100,000 lead over General Wood.
I I Surprise of Primary.
f The surprise of the primary, nceord-
t ing to supporters of both Governor
I j Lowden and General Wood, was the
j large number of voters who wrote in
the name of Senator Johnson, who had
I made no speeches In Illinois and hao.
no organization. Supporters of both
I regular candidates asserted that the
vote hurt their candidate to the bene-
fit of the other. Never in Illinois orj
possibly national politics had so many
voters voted a slicker ticket. The1
& largest previous spontaneous vote re
corded in Illinois was that for Theo-
dore Roosevelt in 1916 when some 21,-
, 000 votes were written In for him. In
Chicago, where the bulk of the John
U son vote was cast, the Joh"nson vote
showed a smaller percentage of wo-
men than that for Governor Lowden
or General Wood. The leaders polled
about one-sixth as many female as
male votes while tho Californian poll-
l ed only one-seventh as manv women
U as men.
I y Men and Women.
I T Tho woman vo.te downstale for
Johnson was not counted separately.
I , The figures from 52C0 .precincts out of
I j 5590 in the state, including all 2446 in
' suits 0Unty' showed tho' followillt? re-
Lowden: Men, 190,480; women, 32,
o02; total 222.9S2.
Wood: Men, 134,665; women, 23,
43; total, 158.40S.
Johnson (Cook county): Men, 35,
516; women, 5365; (downstale); Men,
and women, 4312; total 45.193.
(.0 th.e district delegates elected to
the national conventions, all the Demo
crats wore uninstructed, while 35 of
the Republicans -were pledged to Low
fU,ran H3,unpledseu- One of tho un
pledged delegates in the 10th district
I (Colc county) hud announced fhat ho
U n,nULn SUp-,P,0l't SQntov Johnson, and
r the other 14 Avere idherenls of Mayor
SS?SfmK Th, olKht delegates at
l!f 1 ? BeIectcd at tho state con
j vention later.
1 ,f DIE IN EXPLOSION.
I 1 i?IlLV,?0USE- A1ce-Lorraiuo, April
, 14. Fifteen workmen wore killed to-
day in an explosion in a German mu
H nltions depot near the'-villagc of Ber-
R Y. INTERESTED
: 1 LOS ANGELES '
'MUCH WEDDED MAN
1 LOS ANGELES, April 14
Local officers today received
from New York messages seek:
' irig- to identify as one James
, Wrig'ht a man giving" the name
I of Andrew Huirt, imder deten
I tion here pending- investigation
l j of his possible marriage to 17
1 ' women- five of whom are miss- j
I I Wright, under the name of
Charles Newton Harvey, 15
years ago married Anna Merrill
J in Shelbourne Falls. Minn. He
later served a term in Sing Sing
prison for having set fire to an
alleged "art studio" to obtain
Tax receipts made out in the i
name of Elisabeth F. Prior of
Miliiken, Weld count3r, Colo j
rado, and a number of other pa
pers bearing women's names
were found in Huirt's effects.
Huirt is too weak from self
' inflicted woundi to be ques
. . . ...
Liberal Terms Extended in
View of Difficulties Encoun
tered in Far North
WASHINGTON, April 14. To en
courage prospectors seeking oil and
gas in Alaska, Secretary Payne has
Issued new regulations covering the
appropriation of the public domain for
that purpose in the territory which
give much more liberal terms than
are extended in the United States
No royalty will be required for five
years, unless wells producing more
than 100 barrels of petroleum a day
royalty will be five per cent of pro
duction. After five years a per cent
royalty will be imposed upon produc
tion oh government land and after ten
years the royalty will bo increased to
ten per cent.
The prospector will be allowed,
however, to use one-fourth of the area
he leases from the government roy
alty free no matter how much oil It
Secretary Payne explained in issu
ing the regulations lhat the terms
were lightened in view of the hard
conditions which oil developers will
have to face. Territory where oil in
dications are found is located 200
miles inside of the Arctic circle.
Rentals on gas, if any, be produced
are not fixed, but will bo prescribed in
each lease issued.
HONOR 'PUSSYFOOT' ON
RETURN FROM ENGLAND
WESTERVILLE, Ohio, April II.
Business will bo suspended, schools
closed, and the entire population of
this Utile villago plans to do honor
to William E. (Pusscyfoot) Johnson
when ho arrives ac his home here
about April 22, from England.
Johnson sailed from England yester
day and is due to arrive In New York
April 21. He is an agent of the
American Anti-Saloon League, and
"gave an eye" in prohibition work in
U. P. ORDERS 2000
STEEL COAL CARS
OMAHA. Aprilu 1-1. President Carl'
R. Gray, of the Union Pacific yester
I day made known the fact that "orders
have been, placed with the Pullman
company and the Ralston Steel Car
company for 2,000 steel coal cars for
summer delivery to cost something
a CENTENARIAN DIES.
WATSON VILLE, Calif,, April 1-i-'
N. P. Bonie, reputed to be more than
100 years old, died here today. He
fought for Denmark against Germany
in lS-18-1850jit is saidv y( j
Costs of Food Distribution j
Too Great Commission
Says in Report
! WAGES LAY BEHIND
, COMMISSION SAYS
Communities Advised to Take
Steps to Provide Goods
at Less Co3t
! WASHINGTON, April 11 Declaring
that the costs of food distribution are
!too great, the federal trade commis
sion today recommended improved
marketing facilities and processes at
ihe great consuming centers as-a long
step ' toward lowering the higher cost
i "The movement of food should be
1 nlost direct from 'field to factory," the i
'commission declared in a report 'on.1
wholesale marketing of food, oneof
Ulie serjejin'ithe food prlcaJfn'e8,tiga-;
tion" ordered by. tho presidents.' j
I JtAotihy Incomesr Short:;
The report asserts thai the rapid
rise in food prices in recent years is'
not so significant as that "the money;
I incomes of large numbers have fallen ,
far short of a proportional increase."
"The weekly wage of union orga
nized labor in 191 bought but 77 per
cent (according to the department of
labor) as much food as in 1913. The
larger number of service incomes do
not fall within this organized group
and are much slower to respond to
the pressure of a higner cost of liv
ing. Moieover, these incomes are for
the same reason usually less in
amount. It lollops, that for very large
numbers of people receiving relative1
lomall incomes, a peek's wage in 191S
was purchasing much. less than 77 per
cent of. the food it bought in 1913.
"Food absorbed 38.2 per cent of the
( average American household's income.
It therefore constitutes no inconsider
able part of the wage and salary cost
'in all production. Of two. conimuni
I ties whose products enter the same
i markets otherwise equally that one1
'which supplies its working people)
with food at a lower community cost
either will pay its working people a1
higher real wage or will have a mark
ed advantage in under-selling the other
I through lower production costs. Bolh
I results may in some measure follow.
"A wise governmental policy to
wards the food industries may lower
production and distribution costs to
gether with Ihe final sales .price with
out proportionally increasing govern
mental costs, thus reducing the na
tional cost of food."
j DAIRYMEN WAR ON
j BUTTER SUBSTITUTES 1
LOGAN, April 1-1. Dairymen of'
Logan have initiated a campaign!
against butter substitutes and intend'
to appoint a committee on advertising'
for a 'drive" during May anil June.
Lilei'aturo will be prepared designed
to show lhat there is no real substitute
for good butter.
The question of silos will receive
more attention from Cache county
j dairymen this year than ever before,
I the high price of hay during tho past '
'winter calling sharp attention 10 tho
i matter of providing cheaper food lor!
, cows if the dairy industry is to con
tinue. A campaign to eliminate all'
"scrub" sires in the county will also be
1 . ri r
BELGIUM AND FRANCE j
, TO JOIN IN DEFENSE
' PARIS, (April 14. (Havas.) Con-:
elusion of a defensive military entente
'between Belgium and France' Is iram!-
'nent', according to a statement bv
Baron de GaUTior d'Hestroy, Belgian1
.ambassador, to the Petit Hrrisien, nut1
jthe nature of the understanding:
.sought botweon the two countries has'
'not been clearly defined hltherlo. I
CALL FOR RELEASE OF
OMAHA, April 14. Resolutions de
manding the Immediate release of Eu
gene V. Dobs, Kate O'Hare and all
.other political, Industrial and religious
prisoners, and that the persecution of
honest opinion and deportatons be at
once slopped, were adopted at a meet
ing of several hundred persons here
last night. . ,
'i WMOWOKRIED mil DIVORCE THREAT j
O -11 : . 1
With tho state of Nevada investigating the circumstances surrounding
the granting of a divorce to Mary, Pick ford from Owen Moore aiid with Mary
I already married to Douglas Fairbanks, there might be cau$e for worry. But
all this does not seem to bother the two movie stars, who are shown here
In the first picture taken since their marriage a few days ago.
Millionaires Are Acting
As Firemen on Trains;
Many others Volunteer
NEW YORK. April 14. Officials
of the "big four" railroad brother
hoods renewed their efforts today to
bring to an end tho unauthorized rail
strike in this district, while thousands
of volunteer railroaders offered to
help break the tie-up on railroads en
tering New York.
Brotherhood leaders expected. to re-,
new their proposal rejected yesterday
by Jersey City strikers that the strik
ers return to work and submit their
grievances to 'the new labor board, ap
pointed yesterday by President Wil
son. In accepting the offer of college
students, former soldiers and citizens
to operate the trains, railroad offi
cials declared that the attitude of the
ublic would bring the strike to a
Twenty-two trains on Iho Lacka
wanna and Erie systems were manned
today by volunteer crows. The freight
situation here remained chaotic ex
cept for the movement of food and
milk trains. The city's supply of coal
was said to bo fifty per cent of nor
mal. Food prices soared and federal
authorities declared arrests would
follow tho inflation of prices.
The first volunteer trains for com
muters on tho Erio railroad were
BY LIQUOR, CHARGE
ALBANY, N. Y., April 14 Charges
lhat liquor was used in great quanti
ties to influence votes to unseat the
five socialist assemblymen were mado
in the senate today by Senator Georgo
F. Thompson of Niagara.
"A good deal of liquor was on hand
and was used 'for the purpose of get
ting votes tho night the socialists
were thrown out," lies aid. "Not only
was liquor used, but great quantities
of It, so much lhat they had to bo
carried out of the chamber."
Minority Leader James J. Walker
objeotcd and insisted that Thompson
tell all he knew about tho alleged
liquor affair or retract his statement,
Mr. Thompson refused.
AGREE ON ARMISTICE
WASHINGTON, April 14. An arm
istice between the unionists in Guate
mala and forces of President Estrada
Cabrera has been signed and the pro
posal mado that President Cabrera
leave the. country, according to advices
today to the state department,'- - j
greeted at stations by crowds waving
flags and cheering.
' The millionaire special," from
Upper Montclair rolled into the Erie
terminal after a 45 minute run. The
firemen were Richard Sanderson, New
York manager of the Baldwin Loco
motive Works, and J. R Quinn, tho
New England representative of that
company. 'Another Eric crew Includ
ed Captain Charles Mctt, of J. P.
Morgan and company, and Josoph An
dres, Jr., son of the vice-president of
the Bank of New York.
, Mayor Charles H. Martens, of East
Orango, N. J., and Frank L. Kramer
for seventeen years national bicycle
champion, fired a train from South
Orange to Hoboken. .
Commuters ' from New Jersey to
New York boarded the trains
equipped with traveling bags and pre
pared, if necessary, lo spend the night
in New York.
First reports during the day indi
cated isolated movements of strikers
to return to work. Fifteen crows of
the Pennsylvania, who had gone out,
went back to work. Forty strikers on
the Central railroad of New Jersey re
turned. There wero no reports of
BOMBS THROWN INTO
CROWD, 29 INJURED
LISBON. April 11. Twenty-nine
persons wore wounded when three
bombs were thrown into a crowd dur
ing a demonstration here in 'a pro
test against the high cost of. food
stuffs. Two syndicalist workmen were
During the demonstration cabinet
ministers made speeches in response
to the acclamations of the crowds.
A number of corporations organized
a formal procession as a manifesta
tion urging government measures to
reduce the price of foodstuffs.
GET RICH BEQUEST
FROM WESTERN COUSIN
ITAGERTOWN, Md.. April 14.
Gabrlol Shipley, lock tender on the C.
and O. canal near here, has rocetved
word from a probate court in Califor
nia that hoand his five children are
( heirs tp $7,000,000 from an estate of
S.?2,000,000 loft by -a cousin, who went
West in 184 9. A sistor, Mrs. Cyrus
Davis, of Williamsport, also shares in
Fortification of Vantage Point f
Gees on Apace as Federal
BY SONORA FORCE;
General Pino Says His Troops j
Can Resist Attempts to !
i Take Town
AGUA PRI ETA, Sonora, April
14. An unsuccessful attempt upon
the life of President Carranza was
made in Mexico City last Friday
afternoon, according to private ad
vices received by Roberto Car
ri I lo, until a few days ago chief of
the Carranza secret service for
this district, and who has now as
sociated himself with the new So
AGUA PR I ETA, Sonora,, April 11.
This border town, the objective of
Carranza troops under Col. Fox In the
opening of. the campaign, to bring Son
ora p'ack info'Cth'cVateicjfn foldV be
ing prepared to meet- the invaders
with foice.' ;
of vantage points was begun Monday,
before the first movement of federal
troops toward this state was report
ed. Carranza troops, scheduled to,
leave Juarez today, will travel 135
miles by train to Casas Grandes and
thence by foot over desert country
and mountain passes for 200 miles
ocforo they can reach here. Sonora
officials estimate the first battle Is
still a week distant and this week will
be spenW in preparation.
Troop patrols have been guarding,
the Sinaloa and Chihuahua frontiers
all this week. Special attention will
be given to guarding Pulpito Poss,
Ihiough which the Invading troops
must come. Military officers assert
that the pass can be guarded with a
small force against a far greater num
ber. The state troops also are report
er will equipped with arms and am
munition. In a statement issued at Hormosll
lo, Gov. Adolfo d ela Iluerta, provi
sional president of the republic ofj
Sonora; declaimed the entire state was !
supporting him in the secession move
ment. He declared that the state'.?
action was legal and in defense of
state rights under tho Mexican con
stitution. Can Resist Invalcr
General J. M. Pino, military com
mander here, declared his troops,
largely militia and recruits from this
district, would be able to successful-j
ly meet any attempts to capture this
town. Federal troops in the state arc!
declared bC the state officials to have
gone over to the stato government.
In the meantime customs collec
tions are being made as usual and
business is not interfered with. Gov.
de la Huerta in his proclamation,
promised to protect tho rights of for
eigners as well as Mexicans.
"Order exists throughout tho state
and my government has the firm de
termination lo continue imparting to
Mexicans and foreign aliens all guar
antees conceded by law," de la Huor
ta's statement said.
The governor described the. events
which led up to the break with tho
Moxican city government. The first
stop towards a break, he declared,
was the attitude of the Carranza gov
ernment in "taking direct action and
a notoriously partial attitude in local
elections of several states and in tho
electoral campaign for the nomina
tion of candidates for federal offi
cers." Carranza Displeased.
After the congresa of Moxican
officers at Mexico City which dc la
Huerta refused to attend, ho declares
"CarranzaV displeasure with Sonora
authorities" became intensified. Ho
said he learned about two months ago
that tho presidont proposed to "over
throw the constitutional government
of this state and to replace it with
an absolutely despotic government."
Tho governor rofors to the recent
mobilization of federal troops "des
tined to this stato" and declares theso
n iii.n(i.iiltF flirt onmn fni-pnu Hirif !
overthrew tho constitutional govern
ment of the stato of Nay a lit the for
mer territory of Tepic."
Ho declared that the secession step
was taken by tho stato congress only
after he had ''exhausted all conciliat
ory and pacific resources.J' '
"In this way," ho continued, "and
without the firing of a single shot,
the governor of the state has taken
control of the whole state and con
tinues to receive support from the en
tire republic." (
ME cn I
Following Meeting Palmer j j
Calls His Assistants to an '
Early Conference H
WILSON TELEGRAPHS ' lH
MEMBERS OF BOARD j
Dr. Grayson Says Meeting I !
Was Good Thing for Execu- j
tive's General Condition -ll
WASHINGTON, April 14.4' x)
' Evidence obtained by the '
department of justice was iH
said today to show that the 'UH
Russian communist interna- ' jll
tionale is undertaking to use . i
the railroad strike as the vehi- '. vjt
cle for the creation of a mass '
- strike in the United States. lH
Reports from federal agents " , ,
were said to have disclosed , jH
that the communist party was I ll
financing and otherwise aid- IjH
ing the strike through the tlH
Workers of the World. ,
Evidence which the depart- j
ment has received was vde- , , j
clared to justify the state. - M
ment that the strike was to be ; ll
merely a step in the well ' fH
known plan of the communist.. ljl
group and that the end and . j llH
aim was a mass strike to be Tol . EH
lowed by a revolution. . JH
Washington. April u. Presjr fl
dent Wilson-and his cabirfefdiscus'sed ' f'l
the railroad strike for more than an 1
hour today and apparently reached !H
sdme conclusion, but there was no in- H
timation as to its nature. H
Attorney General Palmer made this H
statement as he left the White House:
"It is fair to conclude that the strike H
situation was discussed, but I am not ,
prepared lo say what conclusions were '
Other members of the cabinet would IJ
make no statement, referring Inquirers
to the attorney general. Some inti
mated, however, that definite decision
had been made one way or another as H
to government intervention. H
Palmer Gets Busy.
Mr. Palmer went direct from the
White House to this office and mime
diatciy summoned for a conference his
assistants who have been keeping in
close touch with the strike situation.
Soon after the cabinet meeting the J
president telegraphed the members of
the newly named railroad labor board IH
asking them to come to Washington I
and be prepared to function as soon H
as thoir nominations had been con- jBH
firmed by the senate.
The immediate summoning of the
board was one of the matters decided 9
upon at the cabinet meeting, it was
The president had been informea
that Senator Cummins, chairman of
the senate interstate commerce con" IH
mittce, had prepared a resolution peiT
mitting the board to nieet here ins tea tl
of Chicago and the president's action
was in anticipation of the adoption ol
Rear Admiral Grayson, the pros I
dent's physician, said the president
had enjoyed meeting with his advisers. (
"It did, Jiim good," declared Dr.
Grayson, adding that meeting people
was good for Mr. Wilson.
Cabinet officers declared that the
president had been in excellent humor jH
and had laughed and joked with them.
They expect that meetings with the ,H
cabinet will be held weekly in the fu- ,
Shortly after convening at noon to" .
day the senate, at the request of Serf.' f
alor Lodge, of MassacliuseTts, Hepublf- 1
can leader, went into executive scs- r
sion to consider the nominations to t Its 8
railroad labor board submitted yestef- ,
day by the president. .
Jury to Investigate. -
NEW ORLEANS, La.. April 1-1 Fed- 1 I 'H
oral Judge Foster today called a spo- if
clal session of the federal grand jury I
to consider the ases of eight "ou
law" strike leaders arrested last night '
by federal agents on charges of inter
fering with interstate commerce, vio
lating the Lever act and interfering
with the mails. Judge Foster an
nounced tho grand jury men would bo 5
instructed to investigate every possi-
oie pnasc ot tne striKe nere. .
Will Move Food. i f
JERSEY CITY, N. J., April 14. An- l
swering an appeal by Health Commis-
sioner Copeland of New York, 2000
strikers from all railroads terminating I 9
on the New Jersey shore of the Hud- ' IH
son river, agreed at a meeting here I
today to cooperate in moving food- 9
stuffs into New York, according to an- 9
nouncement after adjournment.
CHICAGO, April 14. Potatoes
weak; northern round white sacked 9
$C.G06,85; ditto bulk ? 6. 7 57.00. f
Receipts 14 cars. i IH