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I J , 2 .JOllL SATURDAY, MAY 29, 1 920. fl
I NEW YORK, May 28. The relations
of capital and labor; the right to strike
and- its legitimacy as regards the1 ef
fect on the public; the Kansas Indus
! trial court law and its significance to
1 the- future of tho working man, were
discussed from all angles in a reniark
j able debate tonight in Carnegie hall
j between Samuel Gomper3, president of
j the American Federation of Labor, and
Governor Henry J. Allen of Kansas.
Gov. Allen's main contention was
that the government has the right to
protect the public against strikes when
its welfare is imperilled, while Mr.
Gornpers held to the argument that no
law can prevent a man from stopping
work if "by so doing so he may bene
i' fit himself and his family. Mr. Gorap-.
I ers labelled the Kansas industrial
court law the "un-American slave law,"
and Governor Allen declared he had
taken away from Mr. Gompers his di
vine right to order a man to quit work.
The oratory of the ' debaters was
punctuated with frequent cheers and
boos by adherents of each side and
f occasional questions shouted from the
" floor and the balconies.
I j In support of the right to strike, Mr.
' j Gompers declared that the coal miners'
I strike took boys out of the mines; that
the textile workers' strike brought,
children out of the mills and put them
in the schools, while the strike in tho
needle trades broke up the sweatshops
when laws had failed to do so.
Gov. Allen's industrial commandment
was "you shall not conspire to shut
down the industry necessary to the
I welfare of the people."
"When the general public says we
have had enough of this," he said, "it's
M". "Who controls the divine right to
"quit work?" Gov. Allen asked. He was
answered wtih cheers and boos.
The debate called for no decision,
' the committees in charge having pur
posely divided the house equally be
tween supporters of each speaker.
NEW YORK, May 2S. Carnegie
JfHall was packed to the doors tonight
J;wken Samuel Gompers, president of
the American Federation of Labor, and
-Governor Henry J. Allen of Kansas,
--met to debate the merits of the recent
ly enacted Kansas industrial court law
-and kindred subjects. Judge Alton B.
jj Mr. Gompers and Gov. Allen walked
non the stage shortly after S o'clock,
-while the audience rose and cheered.
33ach was followed by a large body of
lleupporters. When the first wave of
I Tcheering had subsided a band struck
up, "There'll Be a" Hot Time in the
'.Old Town Tonight."
j Mr. Gompers, the first speaker, pre
faced his argument with the announce
'inent that he had been in conference
fdurlng the day with representatives of
thb striking- longsl?4remen and that
they had authorized .him to state that
I -they were willing "tb submit pending
controversies to a fair and unbiased
, ;board of arbitration and will pledge
ItheniBelves In advance to abide from
i He declared further that the lbng
'shoremen would return to work within
iBbc hours after the steamship compan
ies have signified their willingness to
' Herbert Hoover, Dr. Nicholas M. But
I ler, J. W. Gerard, Henry P.- Davison,
Gr. W. Wickersham, Paul M. Warburg,
, Taul D. Cravath, George Foster Pea
body and Miss Mary Garrett Hay were
among those occupying seats on the
J platform or in the boxes when the de-
I I At Parting of the Ways,
i . "We are now at the parting of tire
j! 1 ways In the great controversies which
ij are now occupying the minds of the
people," declared Mr. Gompers, begin
ning his direct argument of the de-
1 bate. "On the one hand, we have the
j great constructive movement for pro-
, I gress for civilization and with all the
j tasks these Impose, and on the other
i hand, wo have those who are leading
I the course of reaction, of injustice, of
tyranny. The time is at hand when
! there must be determined whether the
j eternal principles of freedom, justice
i and democracy shall hold sway or be
; i supplanted by the tyranny and the in-
l justice of old."
i Labor's Fundamental Principles.
lj Mr. Gompers said he wanted to lay
I r down a few fundamental principles,
c and one of his executive committee,
j ( Mrs. Sarah A. Conboy, read the fol-
i t lowing statement'
C "The fact that" the voluntary organl-
zations of the wage workers -are de
clared by tho courts to be trusts and
i combinations in Illegal restraint of
h trade, does not necessarily so consti-
j Time Table
"j LEAVE OGDEN
j g 6:15 a.m. 3:30 p.m.
B 7:15 a.m. 4:30 p.m.
K 8:15 a.m. 5:30 p.m.
H: 9:30 a.m. 6:30 p.m.
l t0 10:30 a.m. 7:30 p.m.
H Do 11:30 a.m. 8:00 p.m.
H mi 12:30 p.m. 8:30 p.m.
H f; 1:30 p.m. 9:30 p.m.
H sjf, 2:30 p.m. 10:30 p.m.
H 11:15 p.m.
1 Round Trip 35c
CHICAGO, May 28. The vanguard
of the Republican national convention
forces descended on Chicago today
and tonight Presidential Row was buz
zing with tho gossip unleashed by n
dozen national committeemen ad sev
eral score of their political followers,
Tho developments of the evening in
cluded: Announcement by J. B. Keal
ing of Indiana, that "the coming con
v'entiqn is to be "free and open," and
that the voting majority of unlnstruct
od delegates who make it so are to bo
organized to select the candidato "who
will appeal most strongly to the vot
ers on election day."
Assertion by Robert H. Todd, nation
al committeeman, from Porto Rico, and
several other party leaders that there
is a "visible trend toward Governor
Declarations by campaign managors
of Senator Hiram W. Johnson and Ma
jor General Leonard Wood that the
prospects of their candidates have ma
Clarence B. Miller, acting secretary
of tho national committee, arrived to
day with a trunk full of briefs in 122
contests which had been filed at
Washington. Twenty-three additional
contests are to be filed from Texas.
The calendar of contests Includes fif-ty-Bix
delegates in states which havo
elected more than the con"entIon call
provided for, and Mr. Miller reasserted
today that such excess delegates will
be removed by the national commit
tee, if the delegations themselves fail
Growing Trend For Lowden.
Statements issued by several na
tional committeemen and party lead
ers announcing they had discovered a
growing trend toward Governor Low
den for the party's presidential nomi
nation was regarded along the row as
the outstanding development of the
day. In every case the namo of Gov.
Coolidge of Massachusetts was coup
led with' that of Lho Illinois executive
a.', a possible running mate in the event
Lowden should be nominated.
R. H Todd of Porto Rico, A. T. Hart
of Kentucky, and Fred W, Upham, na
tional treasurer, of Illinois, were
among those who reported what they
characterized as a trend toward Gover
nor Lowden. Mr. Todd said:
"There is a visibie trend toward
Gov. Lowden today. The Republican
leaders with whom 1 have talked all
say Lowden's prospects are bright and
I believe his chances of nomination are
excellent. While I am a friend of
Gov. Lowden, I would not like to say,
however, how our delegation, which 1b
uninstructed, will vote, as Mr. Alfonso
Valdes, my confrere, has not arrived
yet from San Juan."
Johnson Delegate Optimictic.
Edgar J. Cook, manager of Senator
Johnson's headquarters here, and the
only Johnson delegate from Illinois,
was equally optimistic of success for
the senator. "From all over the east
I am receiving letters from delegates
which show the tremendous emphasis
given Senator Johnson'B candidacy
during the last few weeks. Many of
these communications contain unex
pected and definite pledges of support
and indicate clearly that everywhere it
is becoming recognized that Hiram
Johnson is a man who, if nominated,
will be a sure winner."
Among the arrivals today were Geo.
W. Bean, national committeeman from
Florida; Allan B. Jaynes, Arizona com
mitteeman; Fred Stanley, Kansas; H
O. Bursum, Now Mexico; R. H. Todd)
Porto Rico, and David Muldane of Kansas.
tute them. In fact, the unions of work
ers are not such. None of their
achievements in behalf of tho toilers
or society at large can be confused
with the selfish and pernicious activ
ities of the illegal trusts.
Tructc Essentially Different.
"The trust, even at its best, is an
organization of n few to monopolize
production, and control distribution of
material products. The voluntary as
sociations of tho wage workers for mu
tual benefit and assistance are essen
tially different. Tho fact must not
be lost sight of that the power of la
bor is not a material commodity. There
can be no trust in anything which is
not yet produced."
Resuming his address, Mr. Gompers
"There is a common error in the
mind of a large number of our people,
and peoples of the whole world, who
confuse the term 'labor and capital
as being in exactly equal position to
ward each other. The fact of the mat
ter is that capital is the product of
"The difference between a slave and
a free man is that the slave must work
when his master or owner directs and
wills. The free man may stop his
work, and whatever consequences of
suffering that may be involved is his
suffering and the suffering of no one
else. The right of a free man to dis
pose of himself, of his labor and his
labor power has been set forth in a
supreme court decision In nn opinion
read by tho then Associate Justice of
tho Supreme court, Mr. Hughes in
which the principle Is set forth clearly
that no man 1b free, that Involuntary
servitude exists, when a man must
work against his will."
Warning Is lacued.
"There is one thing about the labor
question which is axiomatic," Mr.
Gompers declared, "and that is, If you
attempt to outlaw strikes by legisla
tion, depend upon it, your law will be
futile and you will simply, make crim
inals and lawbreakers of workmen who
are honest, patriotic citizens.
"There is but one ground upon which
any justification may be assumed to
tie men to their jobs -and make strikes
unlawful; that is the concession that
our republican institutions and our de
mocracy have ceased. Admit that and
I havo no word to dobato, except that
I combatted every moment of my life
The Boston tea party waB a very nice
affair. What was it except a strike
against England, tyranny and injus
tice?" Mr. Gompers' direct argument end
ed amid prolongod applause nnd
cheers, at the conclusion of which a
labor delegation presented him with a
WASHINGTON, May 28. The plat
form adopted by Virginia Democrats
last week was endorsed today by Pres
ident Wilson as "in full accord with
my own views, especially the state
ment which sets forth the attitude of
tho party on the league of nations and
the pressing problems of peacek fin
ance and reconstruction."
Tho Virginia platform, drafted by
Senator Glass, of that state, praised
the president for "steadfastly standing
for the covenant" agreed to at Ver
sailles and condemned the Republican
reservations as destructive of the pur
poses of the league.
"We advocate prompt ratification of
the treaty without reservations which
would impair its essential integrity,"
tho platform continued.
The Knox peace resolution vetoed by
the president yesterday also was con
demned in the platform, m the field
of finance the federal reserve Bystem
was commended and tho Republican
congress was condemned for failure
to revise tho wartime tax laws. The
president's endorsement of the Vir
ginia platform was contained In a let
ter to Sonator Glass, which was made
public at tho White House, and which
waa accepted generally as forecasting
hiB attitude toward the Democratic na
tional plutfonn. Tho letter follows:
Letter to Glass.
"The White House, May 2?, 1920.
"My Dear Senator Glass:
"Thank you for sending me the copy
of the platform recently adopted by the.
Dempcrats of Virginia, Aside from
the purely personal reference, whica
of course, I deoply appreciate, let me
say to you, my dear senator, that the
sentiments expressed in this notable
document are in full accord with my
own views, especially tho statements
which set forth tho attitude of the
party on the league of nations and tho
pressing problems of peace, financo
and reconstruction. These are the
clear cut, unequivocal principles of pa
triotic men who know how to serve
their country and mankind.
"Surely this platform recites a rec
ord of achievement in which all Am
ericans have a Just cause for pride and
"Cordially and sincerely yours,
Features of Virginia Platform.
Some of the other 'features of the
Virginia platform are:
A declaration for an efficient mer
chant marine, with sale to Amorican
citizens for operation under the Amer
ican flag, of all merchant vessels ac
quired by the government during the
Condemnation of the Republican con
gress for "vain and extravagant inves-i
tlgations, costing $2,000,000, revealing
nothing beyond the incapacity of Re-'
publican politicians to cope wTlth the
A declaration that neither labor nor
capital should at any tlmo "take ac
tion that will jeopardize the public
welfare," and that strikes and lockouts
should be supplanted by some method
oi, amicable settlement.
Commendation of the administration
for establishing the federal reservo
Bystem, the farm loan system, "just
tariff legislation," an income tax, and
a department of labor.
Criticism of congress for having fail
ed to heed the president's recommen
dations for, revision of tax laws, and
for having failed to repeal "war legis
lation which harasses business."
Approval of the "utmost generosity"
for disabled soldiers and their, depend
ents, but .disapproval of "stimulated
efforts to fasten further oppressive
burdens upon the taxpayers of the
countrj by ehormouB bond issues or
consumption and retroactive tax levies
to give an indiscriminato bonus to en
J Praise of President Wilson, to whose
efforts the platform says "should chief- j
ly be ascribed "the adoption by con-j
gross of the woman suffrage amend
ment." . rr
Help to Break
WASHINGTON, May 28. Shippers
were warned by the Interstate com
merce commission today that they
must co-operate with the railways and
the govornment In breaking the freight
jam. The notico was served In the
form of an order directing five rail
ways entering Galveston, Texas, to im
mediately unload 2,700 cars of grain,
held in the yards there, and to restore
the cars to service.
LEADS TO TROUBLE
MONTEVIDEO, May 27. An attempt
to enforce the United States prohi
bition regulations on the North Ameri
can passenger steamer Martha Wash
ington led to disorder here today on
that vessel when one of tho ship's of
ficers endeavored to take from a coal
passer a bottle of whisky alleged to
have been in tho man'a .possession.
More than a score of the crew took
up tho side of their fellow worker and
a meleo followed In which tho port au
thorities were forced to intervene.
Thirty members of the crew were land
ed before order was restored. The
United States consul has taken up the
The Martha Washington is bound
for New York from Buenos Aires,
One-fifth of the paper made in' the
United States is. neweprinL 1
, PHILADELPHIA, May 28. The
United States was urged to ratify the'
treaty of Versailles and join the league I
of nations in two resolutions adopted
by tho general -assembly of the Pres-I
byterian church in the United States
of America, at Its closing Btssion here '
today. The resolution in regard to the1
treaty said the resfusal of the United
States to ratify the treaty was "an
astounding fiasco and has made this
country the laughing stock of tho
world." 1 j
The other resolution, presented by
Rev. Stanley White, secretary of the
board o'f foreign missions, urged upon
congress Immediate action to enable
America to enter the league of nations
with or without reservations. This
resolution also urges American finan
cial aid to Armenia.
An appropriation of $60,000 to de
fray the expenses of the publicity de
partment and provide for publication
of tho New Era magazine during the
ensuing year was voted. In ordor to
meet this and other expenses, the per
capita apportionment of communi
cants was raised from 8 1-2 to 10 cents.
A resolution was adopted urging the 1
presbyteries and synods to raise the
salaries of ministors and to provide
homes fori them, "in order that they I
mjght be free from rent profiteers."
Another resolution adopted expressed
sympathy to the protestantb of Ireland
and recommended a "hands off" policy
for the United States gove-nmcnt.
Baby carriages which -arc propelled j
by electricity are now to bo had. I
WASHINGTON, May 28. .By The '
Associated Press). In arbitrating the
boundaries of Armenia, President Wil-
son, it is said, will insist that the now JM
republic be given access to the sea
through Batum, which, tho allied su- A JM
preme council has tentatively decided Mi
shall bo a free port under inter-allied
Batum is one of tho most important HH
ports on the Black sea and is the ter
minus of the trans-Caucasian pipe
lines to tho extensive Baku oil fields IflH
It also Js the outlet for Georgia and
It was to this port that the presi- "
dent was requested In a recent aenate 4 - I
resolution to send a warship with ma- I 1
rinea for tho protection or American
lives and property there and along the fl
"lino of railway leading to Baku "
Under the terms of the Turkish trea- iH
ty, Turkoy and Armenia and the other l-H
high contracting powers expressly -I
agree not only to refer to arbitration -H
or President Wilson the question of the -i
boundareis or Armenia, but aIBo to ac -H
cept "any stipulation he may prescribe
as to access to the sea for the inde -H
pendent slate of Armenia"'
The state department, it is under- H
stood, has begun the preparations of a -H
memorandum designed to assist the H
president in tho determination of tho -H
Armenian boundaries as the president
will undertake this work regardless It V
the action by congress on his requeBt H
that he be given authority to ac?ej iH
menia:8 a lnanda H