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6 THE OGDEN STANDARD-EXAMINER SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 19, 1920.
I lilOST TRAVELED '
Chicago-Gary Highway Held
Among Busiest in U. S. By
B It won iii require 86 freight earn
three days to transport the materials
find supplies carried over the Chicago,
fl Hammond, Gary highway by motor
trucks In one day. At least. 50 ad- j
H dlttonal freight cars would be need-
H ed to transport new passenger auto-
H mobiles being driven over this hlp.h- j
H way from the factories.
H These figures represent an average
H day and were compiled bj the Travel j
H nnd Transport Bureau of the B.. I-'. I
Goodrich Rubber company after its
24-hour traffic census taken at i nta-1
lion on the highway near the 1111-
M nois-Indiana state line.
The census shows this road to be !
H one of the most Intensely traveled
highways in the country. The ob
ere, who have just completed similar
checks on exceptional 'heavy-duty"
H highways near Pittsburgh, Cleveland
H and other centers, sas the passenger I
H car traffic was twice as heavy as over ,
any previously checked Inter-city high- ;
MANY THU Ks I MI'TV.
H There were 1,079 'rucks of all
i lasses recorded by the observers, of
H which 40 per cent, or 437. were empty t
H This empty truck percentage is slight-
H ly higher than that shown at other;
H centers and Is caused by an exception-!
H al number of privately owned trucks
H rather than public haulage trucks
H which benefit by the return londs far-
Iioi- Jin- irucni iibciiicu
carrying capacity of i?,i6 ton a and if
loaded would release railroad freight
cars for other duty at the rate of
18 300 cars per year.
Even the heaviest and slowest mov
ing motor truck can make the round
trip between Chicago nnd Gary in one
day, while at lonsl three days each
way are required by roll between these
same points. In other words If one
day's motor truck tonnage was loaded
in freight cars on Monday delivery
could not be expected until Thursday
morning, by which time motor trucks
would have delivered three times that
amount of tonnage This i"1 not tak
ing Into account the motor haulage
necessary at both ends of the rail haul
between shipper and station and be
tween terminal nnd consignee, which
is Included in the motor truck haul.
RELE ISE riM n.HT ( ;;s
The figures point out on average of
three pns.-.enper automobiles anrl ,on.
motor truck per minute passed the
Observing station 1 Miring the pe.ik
hotlr eight passenger ears per minute
was the a ei age. But. si horse-drawn
vehicles passed the station during the
The survey graphically illustrates
the role of the motor ehlcle in!
relieving railroad terminal congestion j
and the growing Use of the motor,
truck In short haul traffic
Highway transportation engineers'
say motor haulage is in it infancy and I
In estimating growth declare that the!
excellent roadway between Chicago;
and Gary Is strong and wide enough 1
to bear five times its present traffic !
before the congestion point is res hed.
When this Btate is reached (his onn
bit of highway will release 1 50,000' i
freight cars annually.
ITiv will stop i : vn i t
li A bushlntr of thin tin. to take up I
I the alack, will stop the rattle of stear-
i ing Rear rods and the play in the
LIKE NASH FOUR
New Model Will Appeal, Says
Jost, Because of Its
"Women who drive their car will
find an unusual appeal In the new
Nash Four," says Andy Jost of the
Pacific Xash Auto company, gden
distributors for Nash cars and trucks.
This appeal lies in ease of hand
ling an outstanding feature, of this new
product of the Nash Motors compan
and Is due to a number Of elements
that enter Into its scientific design anil
"The Nash Pour Is an unusually wcl!
balanced car; this not only enhances
Its riding qualities and makes for tire
and gasoline economy but It is respon
sible In lirge measure for ease of
handling. The short turning radius, a
feature that appeals particularly to the
women driver Is supplemented in the
Nosh Four by the general ease with
which the car steers under all condi
tions and bj Its comfortable riding
qualities, due to Its unusually long flai
springs, Us wide restful seats and Its
unusual room for freedom of move
ment In the tonneau and front eom-j
"Responsiveness of the motor. Its
quick pick-up and its flexibility make
for confidence Of the driver. The mo-!
lor is a four? cylhidei power-plant of
the perfected valve-in-head tpe and
the smoothness of its performance is;
due to Its exceptionally well balanced
construction and to the light weight of
Its pistons which arc balanced to a
To Stop Autos
CLEVELAND, O. Inspector of Fo
lic Edward H. May. after studying
the distance at which lutomobilcs can
Stop al various speeds, has complied
the following table for the benefit of
the auto driver. The testa were made
i ever a dry paved road by the same
machine, with brakes In good condi-
, At 10 miles an hour the machine
was slopped within f feel 2 Inches:;
I ill 16 miles an hour it was stopped in
120 feet S inches; at 20 miles an hour,,
"7 feet; 25 miles an hour. f,8 feet 3u
miles an hour. S3 feet 3 Inches, and 35 i
miles an hour, 113 feet-
Blay also ascertained the number i
;o." feet the car traveled each second
at the different speeds Thev were:
10 miles an hour 14 ft S In.
15 miles an hour 22 ft.
20 miles an hour 29 ft. In.
25 miles rtn' hour 36 ft. 8 In
co miles an hour 44 ft.
35 miles an hour 51 ft. 4 In.
s WE GASOLINE
The rising price of gasoline is gradu
ally making the automobile owner
think seriously of the situation. OH
dealers gjiy the BUpply Is dwindling
an l art- beginning a campaign of edu
cation so that no gas mav be wasted.
Two points are most important.
First, keep your carbureter perfect
1 adjusted so that every bit of fuel
Is used up. Second, do not run the
engine while the machine is standing
Such slight attentions with pll can
best be cleaned by boiling In a solu
tion f washing soda and water
The adjustable windows provide
1 I open car freedom or closed car
I protection. TRIPLEX Springs 1
j l mean heavy car Comfort with
I light car Economy.
j y stamina of ltr; high grade alloy steels and the I
; Overland Sedan stays so)d because of the i
t comfort and economy resulting from Triplex
! gj Springs. Tremendous public good-will is re- jj
j Ju fleeted in the ever expanding volume of de-
g mand for this handsome, completely equipped S
g Dealers find added satisfaction in the way
m Sedan It weighs only 200 pcuuds more than $
j I! the touring car. M
l BRO'vVING I
j AUTO CO.
IS QUEER IK
Designed Originally After the
Horse Carriage, Changes
Behold the fiery chariots of yester
j das the ehugglnp,, clanking motor
c .i r-- thai pioneered thc-lr way through
otherwise quiet streets, and on raro
loccasinns ventured Into country lanes
in defiance .dike of possible merhan
leal mfshaps and certain unpopularity
among the landed genii j
ii was onlj recently thai we -topped
repeating the story of Uncle Hlratn
'and Aunt Nancy and the team of
colt?. The spirited animals tried to
face about In their harness when one
oi these throbbing demon? ap
I Broached them on the road and uni
Nancy was for jumping out Of the.
wagon. The conscientious motorist
'took his life nnd the colts' bridles
In ids hands hjt Uncle Hiram yelled,
'1 kin hold cm. mistei , J OU hold
es. sir. it seems only yesterday
jbut It wasn't, for yesterday Hiram
and Nancy drove to lown In au eight
cylinder car, it's the fifth one they
ihave owned and they're goins to
scrap i! for a 1921 model, i: they
can find a dealer who can promise
! delivery with any degree oi assur
ance. "WHAT'LL BE NEXT?"
Nothing impresses the thinkei iujre
than the question. "What will It b.
bext?" when he ruminates on the con
ditions which used to be. When
grandfather used the candle' to ob
tain his light; when a message could
only be transferred by a rider horse
back; when navel was snail like in
iis speed; and when ihe only infor
mal ion which reached the community
came months after rhr event had
taken place The impressive pari of
this act of ruminating is the com
parison with modern devices for the
same purposes: The telephone, the
train the airplane, Ihe nevvspaprr,
and last, but not least, the automo
bile. In no field has more progress been
made than in the Held of automotive
engineering. From the few weak at
tempts, about twenty years ago. to
commercialize .in intrusted pi ce of
mechanism to ihe perfect kings or
tho road, which snort over the high
ways today, il takes a stretch of
imagination The first models were
never designed from a standpoint of
beauty and the engines were thrown
together with just the idea of get
ting the car to move. Now the en
gines are models of mechanical per
fection They propel a regular pull
man car over the roads with noise
Looking over the long series of
changes v. hich have characterized au
tomobile body design, one uncon
sclously wonders from what source
the designers drew their Ideas. Did
they slavishly imitate the efforts of
the old "arrlagc builders? Were they
moved entirely by consideration of
utility, or were they inspired bv the
jctcslre to create ..omefhing of perma '
ncnt beauty in keeping with the I
spirit ot the automobile''
It Is probable that all three meth- !
ods win- followed to some extent by i
old and modern body draftsmen, al- I
though a survey of some of the awk
ward efforts of ihe ca-lier r-chool cer It
alnlj shows email inspiration, Kven':
the first of Ihe "freaks" which marln
their appearance in the late '90s fol
lowed somo recognized carriage style
hi the development of their seating
UGLY LINES DISAPPEAR
Probably the buckboard and the
fcide-bar bugy were the models these
coacfrwork artists worked from.
Neither was a good source of style,
and in i lo ir adaption to horseless
: .ehicle.s it would seem that all their
bad traits were retained and their
;ood ones discarded.
As later and more refined models
put in an appearance, bodp lines were
modified to fit passenger room needs,
'but to a" largo extent current car
riage styles were the basis of body
cJeijgn. Unfortunately, motor car
utility and coach art were not a con
genial pair when mated in this way,
which la id he regretted because of
, coachbullding is a fine and ancient
art. many of whose designers
achieved world renown through mas
iSomc ugly features just now begin
ning to disappear were the offspring
of the unhappv union Foi example,
the old designers never gave much
consideration to the hood over the
engine. This was a separate unit,
;like the horse, and was generally left
Ian inharmoniuos break at the dash
'to take care of itself. The result was
which destroyed all chauce of achiev
ing the appearance, of a graceful unit '
whicfc should characterize an auto
It is true that a large share of
the responsibility for such discords
1 in motor fashions was due to the
practice of having body design in the
hands of engineers who designed the
'rest of the ear These worthy men,
excellent mechanics as ihey were,
were almost totally ignorant of the
artistic piinciples which must under
! iie every work of beauty and were
'practically forced to adapt carriage!
; styles to their needs with naturally
Of late the pendulum has started to j
swing back Most body builders and
I those, few car maufacturers who build I
their own bodies spare no expense!
(in employing the highest talent for
j their designing staffs Much 1m
piovement has. of course, been made,
jbut there is still great room for de
velopment. The automobile iB a new kind of
transportation. It is opening a new
phase of civilization just as the rail
roads did, and It should have a char
acteristic appearance as distinct from
any other transportation medium as
the railroad train or the ocean liner.
Designers know this and are strlv
; ing in that direction, so we may look
for important style changes in the
, fc -' 'Mf Heat fe tube's enemy
cind the tube thai overcomes it I
THE one aim of Firestone in building Firestone's laminated structure ply up-
tubes has been to defeat this tube on ply of thin rubber sheets, laid so the
destroyer by increasing heat resistance grain runs crosswise, produces a stouter
Firestone's concentrated effort through tube wall.
the antimony process-a method by Firestone introduced the curcd-in valve .
whiph heat-resisting power rf ;the rubber d . st th at the int of
is increased and deterioration reduced greatest: strain
has resulted in the Firestone High-Test
Tube a tube that parallels the quality With greater resistance to heat, greater M
and service of the Firestone Oversize strength and toughness, the Firestone m
Cord Tire. - High-Test Tube takes the same high
rank as the Firestone Cord Tire. m
Firestone builds this High-Test Tube Think what a sma investrnent thii
bigger in scctwnal size which avoids un- Firestone High-Test Tube is-to protect
necessary- stretch and strain when the bi investment in tires. Toll your
tube is inflated Heat-generating tension a , QU want Firestone High-Test I
is therefore reduced. Tubes
Centra! Carriage Works & Tire Service Shop
2343 Hudson Ave. GEO. HUSS, Prop. Phone 119
More Than 800 Shipped Dur
ing Past Year to Foreign
Tbn American agricultural tractor
ha lllvaded the Philippines In force,
we learn from the World's Markets.
During the fiscal Near just ended over
800 tractors of various types have
in rn sold In tbe archipelago and there
has been a fairly general scramble on
the part, of the Importers ot farm ma-
Ichlner) and similar products to get I
1 1 he !igen les nf promising American
makes. The tractor propaganda Is In I
ii- 1 1 r and Philippine planters are
generally open to conviction on thej
proposition thai It will sohe the pr ss
mg need of Philippine agriculture for
more abundunt and more effective
The tractor haa entered the Philip
pines at the psychological moment Ai
crisis has been reached In the develop - !
menl of the agricultural resources of,
the country because of the lack of
or aft power necessary for the- Cultiva
tion of crops The archipt I.iko for-,
elgn trade Is dependent almost en-
tirely on the products of the soil. in
their efforts to meet the urgent dc
n ands from abroad the planters have
mcountered a most disconcerting
shortage of draft animals and conse
quently their efforts to Increase pro
duction haie been seriously retarded.
Hence, the present lively Interest,
particularly among the more progres
ive farmers in the various iiis ot
tractors now helng turned out bj
American manufacturers Motor Life
Gasoline Useful in
Cleaning Auto Parts
Gasoline applied with a stiff brush
Is ery useful for cleaning parts, as
most ovn rs have found. A gasoline
automatic feeding brush can be made
li drilling a number of holes In tin
back of an ordinar brush and solder
ing a small can to contain gasoline to
The hole Is drilled in the side of the
can to feed the gasoline to the
bristles through the holes in the hack
SAVES m.oWOVT SHOES
1) placing a piece of inner tubing
between the blowout shoe and the
asing. the life of the shoe can be con
siderably lengthened The rubber re
lieves ihe friction between-the two
fabric surfaces- I
Motorist Should Le?rn More
Of His Tires; They Are
The average motorist knows consid
61 iblj more about dozens of pruts in i
his car than ho does about his tires, I
I even though a tire has only five prln-j
I clpal parts. These are the carcass.!
I the tread, the bead, the side-wall and1
I the breaker strip.
The carcass is made of layers or
piles of fabric impregnated with rub-,
ber. Fabric Is used to give the cas
ing tensile strength, while the rubber I
holds it together and gives it wearing
The bead vrives shape to the tire and
anchors n to the rim In the clincher'
tire, this brad Is made of elastic rub-J
ber. a it musl stretch in order to get1
the tire on the rim In the straight
side Hi. the bead is made of wire'
' imm-iiucu in iiriiii i uouer, as me
rim ma) be slit to mount the tire.
Here there Is no need of stretching
The side-wall is the light rubber
covering on the sides of the tire as
far us the tread Its purpose Is to
protect the carcass from injurv by
The breaker strip supplies the maxi
mum amount of resiliency between
the tread and the ;,n (ss it is Just
under the tread, and is made of web
woven fabric Imbedded in cushion
gum. It flrml rivets tread and car
The tread Is the running surface of'
the tire It is made of heavy rubber
carefully compounded, according to1
Miller tire men, to give maximum
wearing qualities A design is molded
In the tread for traction purposes.
Inspect Brake Rods
Every month or so the motorist I
i should look over the brake rods and
llnkagea cleaning off all the accu-l
undated road dirt and rust so that
I they will act as freely and efficiently I
as pcfsslble. In tbe cleaning process '
a half-and-half solution of kerosene!
and lubricating oil works wonders 1
You will be surprised how much easier j
and more efficient the brakes act if
the operating mechanism gets this at- i
tentlon at not too Infrequent intervals. I
REPAIR sMAsnun in n caps
Smashed hub caps should be re
placed Immediately Otherwise thej
permit dirt and grit to enter and v, i u
the bearings, while grease is oozingj
Four Hundred Passenger Auto
Lines Operating for
Due to the mountainous formation
of its country, Italy Is fast adopting
the UJS of motor vehicles as feeders
to the railroads Railroad lines canl
only be built at considerable expense
and labor, which accounts in a large
part for the nonularitv of nutnmntlva
transportation The total length of
normal trunk railroad lines in Italy is
8.700 miles, while the length of routes
over which motor service are run wdth
a fixed tim table is 8.700 milos. I
There are 400 of these lines over which'
regular public services are run either
as feeders to the railroads or In order
to open up,ountry whih his re-
Ship By Truck Now H
I Popular With Owners , ; I
The ship-by-truck idea has been isaiW
employed recently In many novel un- V -
dcrtaklngs. but it remained for Law- ' fSfci
rence Stewart, of Wichita. Kan., to iPm
rerpuislflon u in us most unusual aJjfcjU
S i ; 1 jacked up i ;hree- 1
rpom house at Towands. placed a ltjicf'
couple Of pairs of wheels under It, Jfcrr."
lull bed It on a motor truck, and. after W
the outfit had mad. t short trip over I I
ountrj rouds. VI hit.i. where a house WKRf
shortage exists, was one house the HaaaH3
i ii fcjBEflK
The venture was so successful that SHsIhI
Stewart says he will ghP another PqStr
house the sanie journey. BxiSjlisf
mained inaccessible to the railroads. Ukvi
These public automobile serv ices for 'mJllL,'
goods ami passengers were begun in tSl
a amall waj e , years ago in ordei
to meet the deficiency s f t he rail
road system. Thc Imrh ately prov- j
' ' Opulai and rapidly extended until
the regular routes are now almost
equal in length to the railroad lines "
Call and see the new I
it's a peach and the price is right. We also have the 11
famous Gramm Bernstein l-ton truck on display, and
a good line of used touring cars and trucks.
WHITE -ROBINSON AUTO CO.
2300 Wash. Ave.
Phone 340 J