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H foreign news it wa tf i ft (j pt sLj tf lYIT fcl TlYTtY 1T SPECIAL FEATURES I
jB. COMICS If l jS . U I I' 7.-Ml I VVVV Lrfvl' I I' U 1: V A' SERIAL STORY
f MAGAZINE SECTION OGDEN CITY, UTAH SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 19, 1920.
THE STANDARD - EXAMINER' S PAGE OF FOREIGN DISPATCHES I
1im DRUG ADOlCfS ON
I Frequenters of Wight Clubs
I and Cabarets Who Crave
i New Sensation Turn-
ing to Cocaine
B1 PA1 I BREVFST1 R
International News Service Staff Cor
respond! nt I
LONDON. Sept. 18. England Is ex
periencing one of the worst ilopf waves
In history, uecordlng to Scotland Yard
Official! who arc working day nnd j
night to check the Illegal traffic in
lopo taJdn gained a tremendous
impetus, according to the London
alcuths, after the famous c.-.se of BUlie!
Carlton, a popular young English act-!
ress, who committed suicide about a I
year and a half uco by taking un over-!
- doso of cocaine.
Tho majority of the drug addict
aro young women and men ranging!
between the ages of eighteen and
twenty-five yean These young peo-
pie are ever seeking ft new sensation.
Vhey are the habitues Of London's
niglit clubs, or cabarets, and the ultrn
tmart restaurants and hotels ot the;
fashionable West End.
"RATTLE lilt IS."
The contempt ot London's famous
detective organisation for these young
dope addicts is supreme; thev term
them a set of you.ig rattle brains";
who, after exhausting all the various,
sensations of Ainerlcau cocklulls.
which are concocted by the hundreds
in the night clubs, have taken to drugs
for want of a new sensation They;
oven intimate that dope would be a I
public benefactor if it cleared London j
i i .his class of Idle young sensation
seekers it would at least do them B
good turn and allow them to take a
The publicity which was given to tho
k Itilllo Carlton case attracted the at
tention of London's gilded youth who
at that time were listening to their'
lust jazz music and on whom the tuslc
Of unfamiliar cocktails had begun to,
cloy, so they tried ' coke" and "snow
just for the fun of It.
Tho disastrous results of trying!
drugs Just for the experience is plain-,
ly seen In the West End of London
PICADILIA II KI m 1
PlCidllly, which the Iondoncr loves
to call the center of the woi Id, or the
hub of the universe, has become the
center of underworld drug trafficking
uecordlng to my Informant.
The number of drunken dint rs and
dancers in the restaurants, hotels and
cabarets have almost disappeared, and
Instead nervous younK men and girls,
with cheeks 01 tho pallor whlcn dope,
alone product'3. with eyes undei which
dark circles -are perceptible, are to be
found raising their food or glasses to;
their mouths with shaking hands,
which might seem to keep time to the
eccentric hurmcnile waves of the Jaz,:'.- '
Intoxicated negroes of the band.
On the streets of the Wert End. on 1
Piccadilly, Coventry street and Shafts-
bury avenue and the innumerable;'
email streets and cul de sacs leading
iff these main thoroughfares arc to '
he found the worst examples or the ul
timate results of the drug habit, lean- .i
lug or huddled against tho doorways,;
Sleeping In the area ways leading from
restaurant kitchens at night- They will '
t'li :m. i-uiiioic pedestrian tho etory 1
o. their downfall for the price of a '
cup of coffee and u sandwich. M
DETECTIVES W ITCH. 1
They get Ihelr "coko" or "snow" 1 1
from seemingly well-to-flo young men '
ibout town, who frequent the restau- 1
rants nnd cabarets and peddle the
drugs to their customers The detoc- 1
lives jdt among the diners and danc- '
ers and keep their eyes open Often1'
they see couple afler couple go up '
and exchange a woid or two of greet- '
ing with a young man sitting alone, 1
und, although no object has been seen :
to change hands, the man is w.iUhcd '
Sometimes it results In the discovery 1
of the source of his dope from a dot- '
Inr nr .Ir.Mlwt Af ll,n r. ..... o ...... rtn rnkla '
Iot drugs in his fashionable flat but
more often than not the miscreant
goes unconvicted, as the sleuths can
not establish sufficient evidence
against him because of his well-guarded
methods, it generally results In a
direct warning to the drug trafficker.
The one outstanding feature of tho
Whole dope wave is that there are
CfrW convictions for drug trafficking,;
and Londoner- are beginning to ask'
themselves If their police are lncapa-j
lie of coping with this nsw menace
Scotland Yard thinks that the night1
c'ubs, or cabarets, are the source of1
11 the trouble, and that If they Were
tioBed tho drug wave would die a nat
ural death It points out that a for-'
iner notorious member of New York's
underworld, now the proprietor of one!
I" of London's best-known cabarets, was
implicated in tho Bllllc Carlton case j
Close down the night clubs, Is the
crj of Scotland Yard, and there will
bs no more dope The opium Joints
of Llrnehouse ate as Innocent as roun-j
try pasturc-3 compared to these dens!
3 ; FOOD "SHARKS" IN ITALY
1 GET HEAVY SENTENCES
fl ROME, Sept. 18. The new Italian;
Premier Olollttl has mitiat.-d a um-
palgn ngilnst the many sharks" as
profiteers in food and clothing are
called as a result of which they have
been heavily fined or committed to
prison whenever detected. Large for-J
I tunes have been accumulated by many
IH of these extortioners by selling food-
ffl Stuffs secretly at exorbitant in he-.
Nevertheless, the cost of living still j
If mounting in his country. Statistics
Issued by the municipality of Turin j
for the first six months of this year
show thai there has been an Increase
of nt least 2o per cent In the cost of
- food and of 25 per cent for many ar-
- tides of clothing
In Rome, the result of abolishing the)
fixed price for vegetables and some
other foodstuffs has been to send the
price upwartl Bharplj . I
French Summer Resort Was
Scene of Wildest, Most Reck
less Orgy of Gold Squan
dering in History
in SEWTOX PARKE.
International News Service staff Cor-
! PARIS. The season Just closing .it
Deauvllle. the world's greatest money
spending summer resort, has seen the
wildest, most reckless game of gold
squandering In the history of the guy
little town by the sea.
'No wonder they pronounce it
'Dough-Ville. " Mortimer Schlff is
credited with saying, as he watched
the croupiers pulling In great flocks
of thousand franc notes at the Ca
sino On the banner day of the season
tne day of the Oiand i'nx more than
$110,000 passed over the baccarat ta
bles alone, and the croupiers and
money changers received more than
$20,000 in tips. No figures were avail
able for the rooms where 'ia botilo '
and other games of chance were
played, hut It Is estimated that for the
entiie season only a little l ss than
$10,000,000 was played.
Thousands of Americans nnd Enc
tishmen left their tributes at the Ca
sino tables, but this year French mul
timillionaires were some of the heavi
est players Mr. Vagllane. a French
shipbuilder. Is credited with winning
o' er 5200.000, and James Hennesy, the
French cognac king and racehorse
owner Is said to have come away
about . lr.n.r ahe.ul of the game
An unknown Sjlrlan and a qUalnt old
Englishwoman, who always wore a
hamlkerehlcf around her left wilst for
luck, were also big winners:
There was little publicity for the
losers Sachs Gultry. well known on J
the French stage, wai said to have
lost steadily at 'ia bouic' and an
English major who arrived with his;
fortune to play at baccarat went home j
penniless. The Casino authorities
quickly hushed up a story that one i
man who had lost all his hre-time s.iv-I
ings had committed suicide by denying
that he had ever played at the tables
and attributing his dea;h to a fit of t
me inc holy.
"The trouble about DeiUVllle." says
Les Copeland. former W v York song
writer "is that they lake all your I
money and send you off wi'h an trap
tv Btomtich. Did you ever see New,
York gambling joint without a stack
of free sandwiches right near the door
where vou go out?"
BOLSHEVIKI TO TAKE
CENSUS OF RUSSIANS
MOSCOW. August 24 (Soviet Offi- '
Blal Wireless ) Wireless Instructions
"to all political sections" have gone
forth from the Bolshevik central com-'
mittee here that an all-ltusslati census
Is to be taken, which, It Is explained,
"is essential with a view to dlscov-:
cilng the weak places In the soviet so- j
Clal fabric and to relieving each other's
Want and disorganization " I
"As in private property." the circu-,
lai adds, "so in tho property of the
whole state, each individual part de
pends on the other pans."
"Latterly," the decree proceeds,
'the town populations have moved In
large numbers the country. Regard
ing the workers, tradesmen and spe
BlallstSi we tlo not know how many
Ihere are. nor where they are. It Is
rFsentlul to discover and reckon up;
Lhlfl working force When this It done,
ihere will be a possibility of correctly!
itstributlng them. '
It is further explained thut a census;
f children Is necessary In order to,
know how many schools, kindergartens J
ind creches should be opened. The!
illiterate must be registered in order
lo know where there are many, and
o send teachers there Old, crippled
Hid Otherwise ihsabli l pe ople must in
registered so ;.d lo know how they may;
tie assisted, and hew to provide fori
.xxr.cuiturai returns must no maue
so as to know the number of people,
working on the land: whether they are
provided for. what they are cultivating
and when- there are waste and uncul
tivated lands. It will then be clear
where help must be sent, what i ds
and machinery must be ordered f rom I
abroad, how much cattle Is necessary,
etc , and the same applies to factories.)
mines, and all Industrial plants, The (
point is to discover the weak spots,
and how they may be healed, says the
LAST "SON OF HEAVEN"
WOULD VISIT AMERICA
LONDON. Sept. 18, Pu-Yl the 14-year-old
former emperor of 'hlna. Is
j anxious to visit the United States and1
Europe, hut the uncertain political
conditions In Europe render an tm
; mediate tell unlikely says the Dally
The betrothal of Pu-Yi to the
daughter of President 1 Isu-Shlh -Chang
of the "hlnc-se republic may be an
nounced before long, the paper 'tales.
Pu-Yl. tho last "Son of Heaven, '
came to the Dragon throne In 190.
when he was only two years of age.
j Since the Republican revolution In
1911 tho boy has been virtually a
prisoner In the forbidden ity of Po
lking Ills education is In charge of
an English tutor
RENT STRIKE IN ENGLAND
LiQNDOK, Sept. ifi. The movement
to organize a rent strike as a protest
against high prices arranged by the Na
tional L nlon of Ex -Soldiery stated
to be making progress, sava Tho
Times. The union is at present en
gaged In getting people to sign pledge
forms t tin i the win case to pn rent
on the Issue of the strike proclama
tion until prices are down by four
shlllitiKs In the pound. The number
of pledges leouired has been pro
visionally fixed at 2,000,000,
SCARECROW IS j
I GIVEN PLACE
BY MILTON BRONNER
I luropcan Mauagt r S i I
j London, sept is. - a "crowscarer" !
has Just been elected by the Iabor!
part) is a member of British parlla
I George Edwards has been triumph-J
lantly elected of parliament from South'
Norfolk, which la largely a farming
; district, lie fc'at the Coalition candi
date put up by the Unionist and Lib
eral friend:, of Premier Llojd GsorgS
I by 2 1 1 S votes. j
Edwards is an example of the man
'who overcame all obstacles placed In j
his way by direct poverty.
i.'il S TO WORK
At the age of six, Edwards went to
work because his parents were poorj
farm laborers tils Job was a peculiar
ly British one. All day he stood In the
flekis and frightened the crows SWa) j
from the ripening grain. l"or this he
got something like 4 0 or 60 cents a
When ho got bigger, he was put to I
work at the plow, although he was1
so short he could hanllv reach te plow I
tails. Ills knuckles often ached from
the blows of the farmer s stick when
his furrows were none tou straight to
pleo-se the boss
rut i.DN-r READ
Ho did not learn to read until he
was In the twenties. By that time he i
had married and his helpmate taught i
him his lett-rs. Almpsi alone, ihls .-elf-'
made man has reorganised and revivi
fied the Laborers' union, which has I
done so much for the British farm
hands in the way or better wages,
shorter hours and better ll ing condi
tion.'". IPs first step up In the political
world was when he was chosen to the
Norfolk county council In n hody
dominated by landed aristocrats, ho;
wus unanimously chosen to the aider-1
During the war his -irrvice on tho!
platform and In he Methodist pulpit
brought him the coveted Order of the,
llrltlsh Empire bestowed by his king
And now he goes to Parliament to
Speak for the farmhands of the nation I
'unusual news 1
. from europe
SlIEPPEKToN. England p.e. auo
he said he didn't have enough light to
read his book. Alec Monkland stopped,
a railway train here by the simple de-.
vice of pulling the emergency belli
cord. "The guard wouldn't turn oni
tho lights," said Alec to the Judge. I
"He said there was light enough since
the sun wasn't down. I had to have I
more light so I pulled the string '' It
co.-t Ahc to stop the train and
10 to tell tho guard what he thought
LONDON Catherine Jones. 17. ad-'
mlttcd In court that she had made a
practice of stopping children on their
way lo the grocery store and taking,
their monej irotn them. "I was out of
work and 1 took the money home."!
CHICH, England Edward Emam
has Just celebrated his second sllveri
wedding His first marriage was In!
1867 and his second in 189G
PARIS Thero aro 8,000.000 ratsi
residing here, according to a recent'
'rat census" by health authorities.!
Medical men fear plague if the num.-;
her Is not reduced.
GENEVA Tho Swiss police are I
searching for a man who offers thoj
cremated remains of a man ami his,
child to the widow for $200. The uru :
containing the ashes was stolen from a'
mausoleum In Vienna
LONDON What is tho oldest 1 o.
U." known to historians? officials
of the Assyrian and Egyptian depart
ments i-ay clay tablets recording trad
ing transactions In their possesion go
back to 2500 B. C. They have Baby
lonian bills more than 4.000 vcara
LONDON Sir Luke White, former
ly an M. P. from Yorkshire, has died
In the Driffield vVorkhOUM Infirmary.
He had been In the Institution for
two years, following proceedings
against him In bankruptcy.
CHAUFFEUR GIVES THANKS !
FOR AVOIDING ACCIDENTS;
RIO DH, JANEIRO, Sent, 18. A lo-1
cal motorcar driver, happy because in
to yean as i hauffeur he has not been
involved In snj accident; has Just cele
brated the occasion by offering a spe-
clal thanksgiving mass.
Official statistics lust made public
show a marked decrease In the num
ber of street accidents of all sorts
In this city. Including those duo to
IS FAILURE :
Number of Americans Who
Visited Battlefields This
Summer Was Far Below
By N EWTON ( PARR I t
International Ncu Service Staff
PALIS, xcpt. l B -France Ib dis
tinctly disappointed because the num
ber of American tourists who Visited
the battle fields this summer was far
below expectations. She had been led
to expect more than 1,000.000 Visitors
from the United States and to count
upon an improvement In the exchange
situation through the Immense amount
of money they would spend. As a mat
ter of fact It Is estimated that not onc
tenth of this number came and that a
V ry :-mall percentage of these could
be classed as "spenders."
M Fernand Davis former Cabinet
member and president of 'he National
Touring organization, believes thai
merlcan visitors were not numerous
because they could not find accom
modations on transatlantic liners, lie
hopes to see conditions changed ncxi
MANY R ISOXS
'There were mnnv cher. reasons,'
he added. 'For one thing the pass
port difficulties have not been re
moved. Then the earnings of many
Americans who might have come to
France were oulte seriously affected
by the wave of price reduction In thej
"Propaganda, which I believe came
from German source. Injured us. The
most absurd rumors were set In clrcu- j
Intlon. It was said that visitors would'
find no hotel accommodations andl
very little food. I might cite the case:
of the wealthy American who de-'
barksd at Havre with packing coses
full of canned food In order to make!
sure that his family would not starve;
whlli touring France Another report
had It that prices were so high In!
Prance that only millionaires or
princes could afford the trip.
"Wo might have done better In the
way of providing accommodations. In
Italy, for example, a royal decree pro-
hlblted the sale of a hotel except by
permission Of the government. This
measure was designed to prevent the
turning of hotels Into office buildings
thus accentuating the lodgemenr
crisis. Hut In Paris a large number
of hotel have been sold in this man
ner and a certain number are stIM oc
cupied by government services."
FEZ DISAPPEARS WHEN
TURKISH POWER WANES
CONSTANTINOPLE Sept. 1S.
With the crumbling of Turkish au
thority and Influence, the fes, the
badge which all Turkish subjects.
Christians, Jews and Turks alike, are
supposed to wenr. is rapidly disap
pearing Although the Moslems still
wear their fczzes In the streets, they
no longer cling to them slavishly In
doors. Soon the Turks may b wear
ing hats with brims in Constantinople
Moslems In other parts of Turkey in
sist the Mohammedans in the capital
lost their religion long ago through
their desire to Imitate the Infidels.
As all heads must remain covered
In the mosques and It is quite Impossi
ble to touch one s- forehead to a prajer
rug while wearing a hat with brim,
the fez Is Indispensable to the faith
ful Moslem who prays dally to Mecca
Even military and naval officers must
wear visor less caps.
The fez still prevails in Anatolian
cities. In fact It Is unsafe for foreign
ers to wear a hat in many of them un
less he desires to attract a crowd of
hooting small boys and run the risk of
starting a riot. Oamnn Agha. the
terrorist governor of Kerrass-undc, re
ccntly checked the tendency of non
Moslems In that city to get away from
An Armenian who had Just returned
from Russia walked along the main
litreet of the little city wearing a sliff
brimmed straw hat It was worse
than wearing a straw hat on the New
York slock exchange after the season
has passed Osman Agha grabbed the
hat from the Armenian's head, slashed
the crown from the rim with be 1 1 r
jammed the crown down on the Ar
menian's head, hitting it a heavj blow
with the sabre and warning the un
fortunate chap never again to sppet i
In Kerrass-unde in such unholy head
gear unless he wanted to go lo Jail.
ENGLAND FLOODED WITH
BARLEY; WHEAT SCARCE
LONDON. Sept 18 Wth bread
selling at 26 cents a loaf and soon to
ho raised to 30 and later perhaps to
35 cents Pngland Is harvesting this
season the smallest wheat crop since
the early days of the war. Production
of barley on the other hand, will show
a man rial Increase over that of the
last few years.
The reasons for this state of affairs
according to Professor James Long, a
well-known agricultural expert are
government control and beer Th I
price of wheat and oats is regulated
but no restriction have been placed
on that of barley As the market
price of barley is exceptionally high
farmers planted that grain instead of
wheat and oats
Professor Iong shows that since
1918 wheat has been reduced bv 579V"
000 acres, or more than one-third of
the present area, while oats, also an
Important bread stuff, has fallen off
b 512,000 acres. " n tho basis of
wheat," he says, this means a loss of
bread grain euual to some 28.000 000
bushels or sufficient to food 7,500,00
persons. It Is a curious commenlarv
on the fact that the harloy crop has
conslderablv increasco- una tnat in
consequence beer has so far occupied
the position of bread."
The country has fewer cattle than
in any year since 1903 and 6,880.000
less sheep than the average of the in
years from 190 4 to 1818. The de-j
crease In cattle since last vcar is more;
than 5 00,000 head. I
Hindenburg, Wearing WiShelm's
i Crosses, and Son at Horse Show
wtiMH Sjt T3BBb3HSSflHHHHg5fiBflK ' .bmB
BERLIN Former Field Marshal von Hindenburg doesn't care
whether there's an army or not he1 still wears the uniform of th
imperial forces, und, furthermore, the mere fact that the kaiser isn't
a kaiser an mure doesn't prevent Von from wearing the pretty iron
crosses and llanos Wilhelm gave liim This is the first picture ever
taken of von llindenluirg and his Bon, Captain Hindenburg, together,
and was made at a horse show in a German town.
Unspeakable Turks No
Match for Foreigners
In Real Profiteering
t By Associated Press.)
CONSTANTINOPLE, Aug. 30. For-1
eigncrs. or so-called foreigners, are,
enjoying great commercial prosperity
I In Turkish cities, especially In Con
stantinople Turkish officials have
been asily corrupted. Business men,
who were not too scrupulous In 'heir
methods have found Turkej a proiita-,
I ble field.
In spite of all tho propaganda which j
has bsen circulated about the appro-1
1 prlatlon of Christian property by Mo-,
hammedans, the stubborn fact remains
that Greeks and Armenians own a dls-
proportionate part of the best business
property on the prominent streets in.
Constantinople and many of them have
I been more successful at war profiteer
ing than Turks.
The leading hotel of Constantinople
is owned by a Greek who made a i
great fortune selling supplies to the;
German army. He has Invested his
money in hotels In various parts of
Europe The Constantinople hotel con
him 8860,000 B year ago. In a slni,-l"
year the hotel has paid for Itself.
He charges $S a day for a small sin- ;
gle room without bath and the cost,
, of meals Is in proportion. The only;
other hotel run on European lines Mi
owned by an Armenian, and his prices'
I arc equally high.
1 FIX PRK I s
Turkish officials are not permitted!
to regulate prices The Germans did
It when they were In control of Con-j
Btantlnople. Hut the entente hlsh'
commissions make little attempt to
' check profiteering because such ef-1
forts only Intensify the friction which
exists between the various missions. ;
Constantinople is really a group of
1 religious principalities, which are more
! political than religious, and aeknowl-,
edge the authority of no government,
ITALIAN WIRE SERVICE
IS HOTLY CRITICIZED
ROMH Sept. 18. Complaint that
the government postal and telegraph
service Is poor Is crystahzed In a
i statement by Professor Ugo Ancona.
member of the recent Italian cabinet,
I who declares that the ministry of
posts and telegraph's must be abolished
and organized anew. The professor
suggests also that subsidiary branches
I of the ministry, except the savings
banks, bo given over to private enter
prise, declaring that it Is Impossible
to ko on as things now are.
Profesor Ancona charges that the
ministry Is a hopeless ' maid of all
work" which tries to operate the post
al service, telegraphs, telephones, sav
ings banks, loans and na'.lonal lotter
ies and that it does all of these ser
vices poorly. The public Is rapidly
learning to send parcels by private
llrms since of thosi confided to the
statu more than 80 per cent tlo not
! arrive, while 30 per cent of those re
ceived are without their contents says
the pofessor He churges also thai
the ministry of posts is enormously
overstaffed with about Gti.tioo em
ployes, some of whom aro "terribly
underpaid," and that both discipline
and organization are Badly wantlnK.
' The mlnlstrv had a deficit equiva
lent to $13.000:000 In its budget for
last year owinic to greatly Increased
operating expenses and wages. Thf
deficit Is expected to reach $30. 000.
000 for the current year.
Greeks are under their patriarch, thej
various religious faiths of the Ar
menians have their patriarchs, and tho
Jews have a grand rabbi All those I
races hate each other nearly as much
apparently, as they do the Turks.
Westerners are unable to comprehend
the hatred In which the rival nation
alities of the Levant have stewed for
centuries. Entente high commission
ers now have some appreciation of the
task Turkish offlcias had in trying to
administer such mixed popu ttlons
M Y DIPI EK1 M ET1 FU HES
Every nationally has to have Its own
Churches, its own schools, orphanages
and hospitals. Even small children of
different nationalities cannot be put
together without serious friction.
American relief workers who have
been trying to assist refugees of all
races, regardless of religion, find the
task almost impossible Armenians
complain if Turks are fed. Greeks
allege favoritism to Armenians and
the relief committees of th various
races and religious heads take up the
walls of individuals and waste tho
time of relief administrators In con
sidering petty quarrels.
Broadly speaklnc, foielrtn relief
workers have little to say for the
adults of any race In Turkey, but
pin their faith to tho children und
uri;e child welfare work and educa
tion as the most hopeful fields In this
land of hate Foreign rollef workers
who came to Turkey expecting to find
gentle Christian minorities had a rudo
awakening. The Greek and Armenian
bandits and outlaws arc Just as wild
as the Mohammedan bands Relief
workers have learned that "Christian"
means a man who is not a Moslem.
It Is a political term, and does rot
i i u ssarlly imply that the man sm dOS
ignated practices the ten command
SWEDES REPORT 8-H0UR
DAY iS FAR TOO SHORT
I STOCKHOLM, Sept 18. A govern
ing r.i committee which has investigat
ed the operation of the Qight-hour law
enacted by the Liberal-Socialist Eden
government has Just recommended
thai the law bo suspended and revised
'it advocates that the length of the
working day should be made rlepen
d nt upon a mutual ngrement be
tween employers and employes and
that s Dim provision be made for longer
working hours under certain clrcum-
I The committee was unanimous In
finding that tho expectation that the
I measure w ould encourage industry on
the part of the workers has not been
realised It reports that In no single
line of work have the employes shown
any greater efficiency or energy, that
I there has been a considerable decline
In production. It suys that several
I big plants are on the verge of closing
'down because they can not bo made
'to earn profits owing to heavy charges
for Increased housing facilities for
workers, higher payrolls and the high
cost of machinery,
The committee's investigation cov-
red a period of eight months- I'nder
the law heavy fines on employers were
.authorized for infringement and coun
cils of employers, emplov h and ko
lernment representatives were estab
lished to consider any departure from
itho eight-hour working day astablish
Od under the law.
When the measure was Introduced,
tijalmur Brantlng, the Socialist leader
and labor leaders declared it would
loot reduce production.
PAPER MONEY II I
RUSSIA BY I
There's Enough of It to Gird
the Earth Twice at the
Equator. But It's Not
Worth Much ll
By BARBARA DEPORTE,
Spe-t-lal Correspondent International j
New, S-rvi--- I
LONDON, Sept. 18 Imagine hav
ing a belt of paper money two yards
wide and long enough to go around
the earth twice at the equator.
This helps to give some Idea of the
amount of paper monej Issued by tho
Bolsheviks during the first year and
a, half of their regime.
The soviet government, is now is
suing ItS money in note.' of 5000 and
lo, 000 rubles, because it has so great
ly depreciated that about the only
thing it is poslble to purchase for 100
rubles is a bos of matches
When it is remembered that the
normal value of 100 rubles I3 $50
some Idea can bo gained of the tre
mi ndous depreciation that has taken
place in Russian money
Thos,. who have recently arrived
here from Russia tell amusing, al
though, at tho same time, pathetic,
Bti ' U s about the difficulties which the I
Russians are having with money.
it sounds like a paradox, but it Is a
fact that there Is altogether too much
money in Russia just now and too
many different kinds.
One of the surprising facts is that
the most valuable of all Russian
money at the present time is the nott
1st led b; the government of the late
BS t This money still retains a fairlv
hiKh value as compared with the
! other man; issues and Is eagerly
ought for and hidden away when
The next In value is the "Duni-
Bkiya," Issued by the Duma right after
the revolution; Following that is the
"Kerenskl, 1 issued by Kerenskl. This
money Is very Insignificant, looking
more like -tamps than real money as
ll comes in large perforated sheets of
twenty notes, ench valued at five iu
bie Tho people have long slhdi
j ceased tearing off one or two notes
when they make a purchase. They
I hand out the whole sheet and speak
of it as ' yard of Kereniski '
Money is being printed In soviet
I Russia In sLx different cities, and each
lav three milliards worth of rubles
I are printed. Even this is not suffi
dent to supply the many soviet Instl-
taken to Increase the daily output to
COIN FLOODS NATION.
The bolsheviks arc not at all em
barrassed by rhe enormous amount
of money with which they have flood
ed the country On the other hand.
thev are printing millions of rubles
every day and the consequent result
is that it Is dally becoming more and
At the last session of the central
executive committee it was decided
1 1 take measures toward the immedi
ate establishment of an exchange syi-
1 tern whereby goods would bo ex
Changed for other goods or labor, and
thus completely abolish money as a
medium of barter altogether.
The various types of monies men
tloned do not by any means constl
tute nil the varieties now In clrcula
tlon in 1. 11 slfl In the Don region Is
found the money issued by Denlkine.
In the Crimea the notes handed out
' by the short-lived Crimean republic.
' In Siberia the promises to pay" of
Semenoff, Kolchak and Horvat, to
Kether with the ' st-Ruhe." issued
nt the lime of the German occupa
tlon. and the Karbov anets " and
Grlvna." issued In the I'kralne. Just
to mention o few cf the varieties s
ALL NEEDED MONEY.
Bach regime as it came into being
1 a ti temporary savior of the par
ticular region It was "delivering" at
I the time needed mone What was
more simple than to print some?
viler that It was very easy to put It
Into circulation for the inhabitants
i could either accept It in payment for
I theil goods, or see the goods taken
I without payment at all. it was also
-eiv dangerous to even suggest thai
the money, might not be of any valuo
j later and would very likely result in
the critli decorating a .tree' at the end
: of a rope or facing a firing party.
All this money gets mixed up and
as the exchange rate for each Is dif
tf rent, the ordinary citizen who want-
' ed to estimate his wealth would find
himself Involved In a maze of calcu-
, latlons sufficient to make the ordi
nary mathematical expert dizzy.
Taking as u suggestion that he fig
und himself 10 be- worth ahout J10o.
At th, present rate of exchange ho
would be In possession of about 60 000
roubles in Soviet money, 100,000 rou
hies in Kbichak's, SemenOffs and
1 "'"'ins "shinplastors," 500.000 in
Crimean Horval's and Yudenich
promlsei 10 pay s few thousand in
the Ukranlan Korbpvgnetses and Griv
nas, a few more thousands In Kerenskl
land Dumski and a few .1 vary few
In the still most precious czar roubles.
FIREMEN AT SHANGHAI '
FIGHT DUEL WITH HOSE
SHANGHAI, Sep! 18. Two mem- '
bus of Hie French Volunteer Fire
I Brigade here fought a duel with fire
! hose recently The brigade is com
I posed largely of business men. Henri
jNuma and Georges Clorsue Quarrelled,
a challenge was given and accepted J
The principals had expressed their
Intention to nice; m, the field of honor
with deadly weapons when thev were
prevailed upon by officers of the brl
.ide to use fire str.ums under high I
pressure al range of 20 feet. Tho
combat, which took place In the cour'
ard Of the fire station, lasted about
15 minutes when Numa after belnq
slowly forced backward bv the watery H
torrent lost his helmet and went down H
as the blK nozzle escaped from his