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The Ogden standard-examiner. (Ogden, Utah) 1920-current, December 07, 1920, LAST EDITION, Image 1

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"F.ftieth Year-t" OGDEN CITY, UTAH TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 7, 1 920 LASfTPlTlQN-P. M. f
t REVISE TAX LAWS, WILSON URGES IN MESSAGE I
e O 9 0 & $
Police Arrest Reporter Vho Interviews Girl Fugitive I
3 WIHTS JURY OF
I WOMEN 10 HEAR
H HER LIFE STOHY
Alleged Slayer of Millionaire
Oil Man Interviewed by
Newspaper Man
THEFT OF PAPERS FROM
WIDOW ADDS MYSTERY
Search Renewed in San An
1 tonio After Publication of
IV" Girl's Conversation
IPN Hor are today's developments in
jik tho Jake Hamon killing i 1
I with officials Df -: seem-
, :'E iogly unabh to captun Clara Barto n
ftttfeelEl Smith, wanted for the shooting, I '
IBsHI Rose, a reporter succ. ods In m'.rv l v -
''tfSkW ng the woman in San Antonio anfl
obtulns from h. . - ' "j 1
: shot Hamon and would be willing 0
SWStT Btand trial If assured a jury of women
fM The mvRtorious theft of certain per-
VVBfr sonal papers from the apaTtmrtl
house In which the widow of Jake llri
jUPtti mon resides added further interest to
H the
TALKS WITH WOM IS
gfaMM BAN AN'TMO, Tex., Dec 7. -P.
; .v M. p.ops, a lo.nl newspaper man who
1 laimi to h 1 ri versed near B 1 "
Antonio last night with Clara B irton
smith, sought in connection with we
l'3n fatal shooting at Ardmorc, Okla . oc
"vhB Jake Hamon. was taken Into custodj
'itlB by police detectives at his heme here
ii&9 early today. The newspaper man aB-
IV-lffitl sorted he found Miss Smith .:.: h. -e
:y$M aftet her motor car had broken flown.
!,:,'5l After a length questioning by the
-!HfI police, Ross was released
"AlH The story told by Ross of hU inter-
A . i,.v.- xvtt 1. Miss Smith, according to
SiHr 1. i.'ii e 1 . . 1 1 . v. -. 1 --"tii'
ments to E. W Snllls, of Pallas, the
ZUP1, ' hauffeur. who drove a young woman
i-kLli answering tin- description of Mb
hIBsV Smith from Dallas to Cisco.
HP FROM HOTEL
wHH Ross who is an employe of the Sun
tSS Antonio News, said he had heard In
IHS a hotel lobby las Saturday that Miss
w: smith was in s mi Antonio and through
aoahalnl inc during 1 Is pri ' lous 1 m
J'jCMB Idoyment in Oklahoma recognized her
V v, hlle .1 omp inlon f Ixc d two rial
' : i- t ir'-r on Mlsj Sml 1 automoblh R01
Hfc said he took her to a nearby farm-
I house and there she told him the had
killed Hamon. according to Reps, Ac
cording to Ross, she declared she wa
willing to face any Just Judge or an)
Jury of women.
SEARCH TEX iS ITV
ABDMORE. Okla., Dec. 7. The
search for Clara Smith, wanted "i con
nection with the fatal fhoollng here
or Jake L, Hamon Republican national
committeeman from Oklahoma, early
today centered at San Antonio, Tex.,
after Russell R Drown, county atto. -ney,
had received information that
Perry M Ross, a San Antonio news
paper man said h had converged with
.Miss Smith near San Antonio last
I V night.
isMf'"' Acting 1 1 1 c. 1 , Mi. inform Mi
I 99 Brown Bent a telegram to the chief of
3 police at San Antonio unking him to
. M at ike .in Immediate invi ligation md
J&glii ir necessary hold Ross as u material
fnUjl witness in the case.
CLOTHING I R l IDENCE
l; 'laU A suit of clothing taken from the
v'-liBM private offu of Mr Hamon w:is s nt
' Ml Brown by l'rank L. Ketch, busl-
JH ness manager for tho slain oil mag-
yfr 1 in response to th prose utor 1
request thai !" be given the clothing
i 1 Mr. Hamon. wore ut th time he was
y I shot, II aas annount ed tods
' Another de' 1 lopmenl wa 1 the an
a'lJM nouncement by Mr Rrown that Dr
IJSjjcH Walter Hardy, director of the private
i-foffiH s.iiiltarium where Mr. Hamon died
.h'tfS and who treated him for th. wound.
r.inS had informed him Miss Smith visited
: JSr vir Hamon at the hospital the day
after the ihootlng Dr Hard was
fefsjej puotcd as saying that he knew vers
little about the Interview adding that
the nurse who was on duty left the
i&lB room while the visitor was there.
M W t VLL JI KV
fr$m Accompanying the foregoing was
iUL another announcement by Mr. Brown
jjA thai bi I id been consulted in regard
ftfiM to the calling of a grand Jury to In-
JiflH sligate che eliootlng and that a petl-
IjSBi Hon for calling th.- Inquisitorial body
B was being circulated Tin
. Vyfijii this utate provide for the calling of a
Vi grand Jury bj Uie district jud?- when
jgMjl u petition signed by fifteen qualified
glflBj voters is filed with him.
IPARTM I '.NT Rt BBED
0H CHICAGO, Dec. 7. Four unldenti-
M. il men forced an .ntrani'c last nlcht
alirj into an apartment huilding here where
g&tffl the widow of the late Jake L. Hamon
BBS IIvcm. The men seized a quantity of
mPjhI personal papers and Beventyflve let-
f;-mm ters received from Mr. Hamon during
i&fll his absence at Ardmorc, Okla, Where
'CfvjS her husband was mysteriously shot to
'"m death The intruders took nothing
SB Charles Willis, landlord of the build-
ing, had the letters and papers In his
ipartment, which is across the ball
ShH Actions of the men Indicated the seiz-
i-'j had been carefulyy planned, po-
he- aald.
byH, 00
tWILL SEND IMMIGRANTS
TO FARMS INJJORTHWEST
NEW YORK, Dec. 7. Plans to In
duce Immigrants to settle In farming
' . dlttrlc'.s of the northwest were dis-
r - v 1 ue,ed by nine officials of western
railroad companies who accepted an
Invitation of Frederick A Wallls, cum
linligibner, to i?ii Kills island today.
I
W00DR0W WILSON
IS TO GAIN NOBEL
I PRIZE FOR PEACE
Copenhagen! Dec. 7.
(By the Associated Press)
I Announcement is niacin
that the Nobel peace prize
will be conferred on Presi
dent Wilson of the United
States, on December 1 0. 1
The Nobel peace prize
carries with it a grant of
about $40,000 which is one
fifth of the annual interest
on about $9,000,000 left
for that purpose by Alfred
B. Nobel, the Swedish sci
entist and the inventor o
'dynamite, who died in j
1 896 The only two Amer
icans who have in the past
received the Nobel peace
prize were Theodore Roose
velt in 1906 and Elihu
Root in 1912.
V
PAOEREWSKI 13
RETURN TO U. S.
FOR LONG VISIT
Pianist-Statesman Says It Is
True That He Has Retired
From Concert Stage
Bi MILTON RROKKER
European Manager, n E, V
(Kin-, i .1 :m-i etch 1
GENEVA; Dec. ignace J. Pader-:
ewskl will return to America, for an'
indefinite slay, soon after New Yen.
he told inc today In an Interview.
"Ted my American friends and I
iltM.r mv5elf to think 1 have many .
thai if everything goes well I shall be
back in your rountry within about,
rovpn weekn." he said.
"I am going to take a much needed
1 rest Then your people can see for
themselves 1 am not a sick man but
merely r-uiKUP!! by Incessant political
labors of the last ''Ix years.
I have a small estate in r.illfornia
and 1 find myself longing to vik.i tne
state.
T M VRTYK rO M l IllTls
Paderewski asked me to "please
correct the impression that 1 am u
martyr to neuritis."
Paderewski said that it was true b
would play the piano no more but
I not because of neuritis in his hands,
us reported
J have voluntarily ended my artis
tic career," he said "to serve my
1 country politically and help bring the
life-Ions; dream of free l'olnnd to ful
fillment "The false report about neuritis was
Immediately followed by an avalanche'
of letters from famous doctors offer
ing to cure me and by scores of mea- !
nffea Of sympathy from friends, many
beintf Americans Recently some of.
i.ur countrymen here In Kuropc ex
pressed to mc sorron that my poor
hands were suffering so. I convinced
them to the contnary by giving them
b real American handshako 1
1 Paderewski Is head of the Polish
.delegation In the league assembly. Hi"
pale blond hair and red mustache arc
the same as ever. Paderewski doesn't'
look like B slok man, but his blue eyes
showed fatigue.
He 'halted easily and with humor
especially when he told of the plicm
of his American friends in .1 dr coun
try who had Informed him clubs were
now like morgue.
I "I want to ask America not lo be
Impatient, if Poland has not done
everything eJtpeetcd Of her" Padercw-j
ski said. "Remember my country is
surrounded by dangers Many front
iers ;ire still In doubt and the Poles
have been compelled to finht 25
months after other people began to ,
enjoy peace.
"Your powerful and fortunate 1
America started weak anil poor and .
took a long time to draft the constl
Ultlon and move forward Poland In I
a given time hopes to do likewise.
PUT TOGXTniElt IN A YEAR
"Remember, my country, torn as-
sunder many years ago by powerful
'States, cannot be put together In ft
'year or even several yqars. Difficult ',
leconomlc, educational, Industrial and'
, human ouesttons must be solved.
Patriotic Poles dream with me of a I
free Poland the eastern outpost of
SStsrn civilization which will in the
'years to come form a great democratic
nation. Poland, when allowed to work
n peace, will be one. of the greatest
States of Europe
AVe also have mineral resources,1
and if wo get Upper Silesia we will
be independent Industrially, as we will
then have th.; coal necessary to build:
up Industries.
"I think these things are. on their j
way to fulfillment.
"I hope to e able to give place to,
younger men. but 1 am thankful to
IR ON TYPHUS
IN POLAND IS
! TOPIOOPSOE
Nansen Says Ills Could Be
Checked tor Price of Two
Torpedo Boat Destroyers
GENEVA, Dee. 7. (By the Associ
ated Pressi Plana for co-operation
on technical organizations of th"
league of nations by representatives 01
Armenia and former Russian stales,
though these states are not admitted
to full membership in the leagut were
discussed by the assembly of the
league here today. This was the prin-
ipal Item on the agenda, having been
1 brought into prominence by the dc
I clslon yesterday of the committee on
I the admission of new states.
WORKING B ISIS YA 1 N l l D.
The assembly also continued the
work of laying a working basis for
the league which would enable. It to
riinciir.n ,,c . in, , nil; as possible
I pending tho time necessary to get a
clear Interpretation of various mat
terfl and note tho practical effects of
1 the Intricate system by which the as
sembly and counsll dovestatl into each
, other.
i The most enthusiastic supporters
of the league now ad it there are
problem! In the covenant which scorn,
for the moment ..t least, beyond solu
tion since it la impossible to tell how
work out The general polio adopt
ed seems to be h let time work out a
solution of some problems.
c ( WTESTED Points
f .erisloh was reachi .1 by the
committee on relations between
tho assembly and council last
night to apply this policy to
the contested point as to whether
the .word "exclusive" should be elim
inated from the second of the four
general principles enunciated by the
committee a a working basis for the
leagutf Tine sentence reads at pres
ent: ' The assembly has no power to mod
ify decisions coming within lh ex
clusive competence of the council "
The committee decided to recom
mend that tho whole paragraph be
dropped from, the report raiher than
orolong 0 discussion which might be
fruitless.
rYFHUS AM HILDIU n
Work in thi typhus campaign now
Olng on In Poland and plans looking
to th' welfare oj chtldren in Europe
were also discussed todaj .
mie of the early acts of the assemb
ly m.s morning was to approve the
decision of the committee on relations
between the assembly and the council
for the elimination of tho entire par
agraph of Its report which provided
that the assembly had no power to
talte up questions wllhln the exclusive
jurisdiction of the council
Delegate Rowell of Canada, who
made Ine report, pointed out ihul the
elimination did not change the pres
ent situation The report, being mere
ly interpretative, could not change the
relations between the council and Dis
assembly, he remarked, but was mere
ly explanatory of the provisions of
the covenant.
MTI Al, 1 nil ( WON.
Sir Geerge i" Poster, of the Cana
dian delegation, stirred the assemblj
by an eloquent appeal, for action
against the typhus In Poland and tho
Near liast In general Canada and
Slam, he remarked. were the only
countries that had responded with
cash contributions to the call of tho
council for aid.
"Let it not be eald that the flood
gates of sympathy are closed." he
cried. "Let it nol be sml M.nt the sen
sibilities of the world have been dulled
to such Imperative calls "
A member of ih- Indian del. gallon.
tho Prince of Navahagar, added to
Sir George's appeal by giving B vivid
description of the ravages of typhus In
tho east. He declared the world was
facing in this a graver emergency than
the situation In Armenia.
SHOULD M. il l TYPHI s.
Dr I'ridtjof Nansen, tho Norwegian
delegate, said that typhus could be ef
fectively fought with the price of two
torpedo boat destroyers. They pro
posed the naming of a committee to
get the money
Sir George Foster's reminder to tho
assembly that much had been prom
ised in aid of the anti-t vphus cam
paign but that little had been paid ex
cept by Slam and Canada, produced
a decided reaction among the dele
gates. Representatives of nations in
all corners of the world succeeded one
another ai the speaker's stand gh.-
assurance of the co-operations of their
governments in the work.
00
U. S. SHIPS DEPEND ON
FOREIGN-MADE CHARTS
WASHINGTON Doc 7 The Unit
ed States should not be subjected toj
the danger of having to rely on for-(
olgn countries for charts for Amerl-I
can vessels Roar Admiral Kdwurd'
Simpson, hydrographcr, says in hlal
annual report today to Secretary Dan
lela He recommends legislation to;
augment the siafl in th.- hydrograph-i
er's office to remedy the present sit
uation. "With the present force this dan
gerous dependence on foreign charts
in certain localities, notably Europe,
Australia and the East Indies will con-1
tlnue fur forty years or more," the? re-j
port as oris.
bays been permitted the opportun
to serve mv country to the best of
my abilities.
"Nowhere was I able to raise my
voice and plead Poland's cause more
Effectively than iri America For that
1 shall be forever grateful."
PEACE RUMORS
CHIEF TOPIC IN
LONOPPERS
Generally Conceded That
Stage of Definite Negotia
tions Has Not Arrived
j
LONDON. Dec 7. (By the Assoc!
1 ated Press.) Sir Hamar Greenwood.'
chief secretary to Ireland. declared!
emphatically amlelst cheers In the)
house of commons today that he "waaj
convinced there in be no truce or
successful advocacy of a truce, in Ice
land until the extreme leaders of tno
Irish republican army ulthe; surren-
der and deliver their urtris or arc ar-
t'eltCd." j
LONDON, Dec 7 Efforts to ar
i range a truce in Ireland was the dom
inating topic of this morning's news
papers, which printed many rumors;
gathered In Dublin and London. Th' BB
showed Intense interest in the situa
tion, r.ncl a widespread hope f.u- def
inite results from the exchanges ofj
views now' understood to be going on.1
One Dublin dispatch declared there
was no ch;.nco of a truce, while Ar
thur Griffith and the MacN'eil broth-J
ers. prominent Sinn Fein leaders, wcrej
kept i i prison.
It Is pretty general!', concede. I tha.
conversations have not as yet reached
the stage of definite negotiations.
(, UN ll I I l l li
The government vvas again elef.-ated '
In the House of Lords tonight when an
amendment proposing u new clause to
Ihe home nil. I. ill oifeied by ti e Mar
quis of Salisbury was carried, fifty-one'
to fifty. This amendment provides fur
ther that northern and southern par
liaments should be established under
the king's authoruy. and the protec-J
Hon of the rights and liberties of all
pi rsOns in bolt) northern and southern,
Ireland were fulty assured and Dial
otherwise the appointed day for put
ting the act into Poire shotud be fixed
by resolution of the Imperial p.irllu-'
ment.
VM1 X DM JEN r ( l I'll 1
The general belief vvas expressed In
the lobbies of the house thsit oorac of ;
the changes in the bill as maele In the
House of Fords would not bis persisted
In It is expected that the propos
al to substitute h Joint session of slmi
ates for the Irish council will not bo'
pressed. 1 j
Strong opinions expressed by many
members caused the government to j
yield ami accept an amendment to the
bill depriving tho Irish parliament Of I
power lo levy o surtax in addition to
the income tax or supertax.
Another a meiielment proposing to
estublish a single Judiciary for the!
whole of I. -eland Instead of two separ
ate judiciaries was rejected 75 to -8.
WHOLESALE PRICE
OF MEAT DECLINES,
PACKERS REPORT
WASHINGTON, Doc. 7.
Wholesale prices of moats contin
ued their downward trend last
last week, a statement issued
.Monday by the institute of Ameri
can Meat Packers declared. Fresh
pork showed eleclines of from ten
to twenty per cent, tho statoment I
I said, although It was less marked 1
near the packing centers than in
ilhe cast-
Polled horns and all sackeel
meats, the statement said. also
showed declines, vvhllo the price of
lard fell approximately 15 per cent
during the week
00
'SOVIET AMBASSADOR'
FIGHTS DEPORTATION
i WASHINGTON. Dec. 7. Argument
! In the deportation proceedings against
Fuclwig C. A. K. .Martens, self-styled
' soviet ambassador to tho United 1
I States, openeel today before Secretary
j of Labor Wilson
Government counsel contended that
Martens at the time of his entry Into
the I'nited States, was, and now is,
an alien and a subject of Germany,
and that Martens is a member of the,
Russian communist party, that he be
' lieves in and adhere to tho princi
ples, doctrines and tenets of the Bus- ,
sian communist party, the third In-'
teirnatlonale and the so-callod Social-;
list federated soviet republic, all of
Which advocate the overthrow of the;
! government of the United States by
, force and violence.
00
JAPAN WORKS TOWARD
CHINESE FAMINE RELIEF
s I
WASHINGTON Dec 7 Relief of.
the food famine in northern China Is
engaging tho widespread attention of
iho Japanese people said B state
ment today from the Japanese cmbas
sy. Relief funds are hi ing generous
ly contributed by the .hoi.:, ami
universities, tho statement said, and
door-to-door soliciting of funds Is be
ing conducted by special committees
In Toklo. The China-Japanese llusl
ncss association also was said lo have
started a nation-wide famine reli. f!
movement.
BUILDING COLLAPSES.
LOS AN OF FES. Cal., Dec. 7. The I
front 100 feet of a throe-story brick
building about fifty feet wide, situat
ed on Alameda street occupied by
Aggeler :uid Mus-ser, collapsed Mon
day. Two people working In a ground
office escaped unhurt, it was un
knovri whether any one was burled
in the wreckage.
;HERE IS TEXT OF
EXECUTIVE MESSAGE
TO 66th CONGRESS i
1
President Wilson's nnnual message
lo congress fedlows
' When I addressed myself to per
forming the duty laid upon the presi
dent by tho constitution to present 10
you an annual report on the state of
the union. 1 found mv thought domi
nated by an Immortal sentciic? of Ab
raham Lincoln's.
LINCOLN QUOTED
" 'Let us have faith that right
makes might and In tha! faith let us
dare to do our duty as we understand
it.' A sentence Immortal because it
embodies in a form ef utter sin.plFltv
and purity the essential faith of tho
nation, the faith In which it vvas Con
ceived and the faith In which It has
grown to glory and power. With
that faltlv. and the birth of
a nation founded upon it came the
hope Into the world that a new order'
would prevail throughout the affairs
of mankind, an order In which reason
anel right would take precedence of
covetousness an dforce, and I believe
that I express the wish and purpose
of every thoughtful American when
I say that this sentence marks for
us In the plainest manner the part
we should play alike in the arrange-j
ment of our domestic 'affairs and in
our exercise of influence upon the af
fairs of the world. By this faith, and)
by this faith alone, can tho world be 1
llft.ij out of its present confusion)
and despfJIr.
FAITH PREVAILS.
"It was this faith which prevailed
over the wicked force of Germany.
You will remember that the begin
ning of the war came when German;
people founel themselves face to face, 1
with the conscience of the world and
realised 'bat right was everywhere ar
rayed against the wrong that their
government was attempting to perpe-1
trate T think, therefore, that It Is
true to say that this wis the faith
which won the war Certainly this,
is the faith with which our gallant,
men went Into the field and out Upon,
the seas to make sure of victory.
"This l-i the mission upon which
democracy came into the world. De- j
mocracy Is an assertion of the right;
of the individual to live anel to be
treated justly as against any attempt
on the iart of any combination of I
individuals to make laws which will
overburden him. or which will destroy,
his equality among his fellows In the
matte,- of right or privilege, and I!
think we all realize that the day has
come when democracy !s being put
upon Its final tes-. The old world Is,
Just now suffering from a wanton
rejection of the principle of democ
racy and a substitution of the princi
ple of autocracy as asserted in the ;
name, but without the authority and
sanction of the multitude. This is j
1 he time of all others when democracy
should prove its purity and its spirit
ual power to prevail H i surely
the manifest destiny of the United
States to lead in the attempt lo make
this spirit prevail
HOW l S CAN Ml
"There are two ways in which thei
United Slates can assist to accom
plish this great object First, by of-
forlng the example within her own
borders of the will and power of de-j
mocracy to make ami enforce laws
which are unquestionably Jus' and
which are erual in thlr ail m Inlstra
tion laws vvaich secure its full right
to labor and yet at the same, time
safeguard the integrity of property,
and particularly of that property
which in .l. vot.d to the development
of Industry and the increase of the
necessary wealth of the world. Sec
ond, by standing for right and Jus
tice as towards individual nations. The
law of democracy is for the protec
tion of the weak and the Influence of
every democracy In the world should
be for the protection of the weak
nations, the natiort which Is strug
gling toward Its right and toward its
proper recognition and privilege In
the family of nations.
VNNOT REF1 BB ROLE.
The United States cannot refuse
this role of champion without put
ting the stigma of rejection upon the
great and ilevoted men who brought
Its Bjovernmenl into existence and es
tablished it In the face of almost
universal opposition and intrigue,
even In the fate of wanton force as,
for example, against tho orders In
council of Great Britain and the arhl
trarv Napoleonic decrees which in
volved us In what we know as the
war of 1SU'. I urge you to con
,i,i. r thai the display of an Immedi
ate disposition on tho part of con
gress to remedy any injustices or
. vlla that may have shown themselves
In our own national life will afford
the most effectual offset to the forces
of chaos and tyranny which are play
ing so disastrous a part In the or
t uncs, ..f the free peoples of more than
one part of the world. The United
Siat. s Is of necessity the sample de
Mui. i'ai "I the wen Id and the tri
umph of democracy depends upon Its
success. '
1 t ROPE Ki t O BR1 SLOW.
"Recovery from tho disturbing and
sometimes disastrous effects of the
late war has been exceedingly slow
on the other side of the water and
has given promise, I venture to say,
of early comple tion only In our own
fortunate country; but even with us
the r- covery halts and 1 impeded at
times ami there are immediately
serviceable acts of legislation which
U seems to mo Wo ought to attempt,
to assist that recovery and prove tho
Indestructible 1 ecuperative forco or
a great governmont of tho people.
BUDGET sWlEM URGED
"One of these Is to prove that a
great democracy can keep house os
successfully and in as buslnoss-llke a
fashion as any other government. It
seems to mo that tho first step to
wards proving this is to supply our
selves with a systematic method of
handling our estimates and expendi
tures and bringing ihem to the point
where they will not be an unnoces-
BBBBaflj
sary strain upon our Income or ne-
, -it.ite unreasonable taxation, in
other words, a workable budget sys
tem. anel I respectfully 'suggest that
two elements are es-eentlal tei such a
system; namely, not only that the
proposal of appropriations should be
In the hands of a singles bodv such
as a single npprnprlat'.ons committee
In each house of the congress, bu
also that this body should be brought
inte such cooperation with the de-
partments ef the government and
with the treasury of th- United States!
as would enable it to act upon a com- j
plote conspectus of the heeds of 'he,
frovernment and the resources from
which it must draw- i s Income
REASON FOR VETO.
"I reluctantly vetoed the budge:
bill passed by the last session of the I
congress because of a constitutional I
objection The house of representa
tives subsequently modified the bill In
order to meet this objection! In the
revised form 1 believe that the bill '
coupled wlih action already taken by
tho congress to revise Its rules anel
procedure, furnishes ihe foundation
for an effective national budget sys
tem. I earnestly hope therefore, that
one of the first steps taken by the
present session of the conct'cSS Will
be to pass tho budget bill
FIN y i s IMPROVED.
' The nation's finances have shown
marked improvement during the past
year. The total ordinary receipts of
f. 094.000,000 for the fiscal your 1920
exceeded those for 19.19 by 11.642. -000.
000, while Ihe total net ordinary
expenditures decreased from $1!.3H.
000,000 to $ C . 4 0 3 , 000,000. Tho gross
public debt. Which reached Its highest
point on August 31. 19! 9. when It vvas
'.'. r.Pii.ofni , h,-,,i dropped on No
vember 30, 1920, to 24.lTo.000,000.
There also has been a marked de
crease m hob lings of government war
securities by the banking Institution1!
of the country as well as In the
amount of bills hebl by tho federal
reserve hanks secured by government
war obligations. TM fortunate re
sult has relieved the hanks unl left
them freer lo finance tne n Is pf ag
riculture. Industry and commerce. It
has been due in large part to the re
duction of the public debt, especially
of the floating debt, but more par
ticularly to th Improved distribution
of government securities among per
manent Investors.
UD1 R J ST Hi is
"The cessation of the government's
'borrowings except through short term
certificates of Indebtedness has been
p. matter of great consequence to the
people of the country at large, as
well as to the holders of Liberty
bonds and Victory notes, and has hail
1 an important bearing on the matter
of effecthi- credit control. The year
has been characterized by the pro
gressive withdrawal of the treasury
from the domestic credit market ami
from a position of dominant Infill
I ence in that market. The future
course will necessarily depend upon
I the extent to which economies are
practlceel and upon the burdens plac
I ed upon the treasury, as well as upon
industrial developments and the main-
tenance of tax receipts at a sufflclent-
1 IV High lev el.
BIG FLOATING DEB1
j 'The fundamental fact which at
I present elomlnates the govern mcnt's
, financial situation is that seven and
; a half billions of its war indebted
ness mature Within the next two and
in half years. Of this amount two
and a ha'.f billions are floating debt
I and five billions Victory notes and
' war savings certificates.
FISCAL PROGRAM.
' The fiscal program of the govern
ment must be detei mined with refer
ence to these maturities Sound pol
icy demands that the government ex
penditures he reduced to the lowest
amount which will oe-rmit the various
services to operate efficiently and that
government receipts from taxes and
salvage b" maintained suft'n ientlv
I high to provide for current require
ments Including interest and sinking
I fund charges on the public debt and
at tho same time retire the floating
jdebt and part of the victory loan be
fore maturity, with rigid economy,
'.Igoro us sil operations and ade
quate revenues from taxation, a sur
plus 01 euireni reccipis oer curi'li'
I expenditures can be realized and
should be applied to tho fleiatlng debl
I All branches of the government should
I co-operate to see that this program is
realized.
F( F.s.siTY OF ECONOMY.
"1 cannot over-emphasize the neces
sity of economy In government appro-;
prlatlons and expenditures and the
I avoidance by tho congress of practices
I which take money from the treasury,
by indefinite or revolving fund appro-1
I prlatlons. The estimates for the prea-!
lent year show that over a billion dol
lars of expenditures were authorised
by the last Congress In addition to the
amounts shown In the usuul compiled,
statements of appropriations.
"This Strikingly illustrates the hn
portnnce of making direct and specific
appropriations. The relation between
the current receipts and current ex
Ipendltures of the government during
tho present fiscal year, as well as dur
lQg tho bust half or the last fiscal year,
has been disturbed by the extraordln
iary burdens thrown upon the treasury
I by the transportation act. 111 connec
tion with the return of the railroads'
Ito private control, over IGOO.OOO.OOu i
I has already been paid to the railroads
under this act $250,000,000 during1
;the present fiscal year; and It Is esti
nnted that further payments aggre-1
gating possibly 1660,000,000 must still
1 be made to the railroads during the
I current year. It Is obviouH that those)
largo payments have already seriously!
limited the government's progress In
retiring the floating debt.
TAX LAW REVISION
' "Closely connected with this, it
seems to me. is the necessity for an'
1 (Continued on Page fwo.)
BUDGET SYSTEM, I
Mil LOAN, I
RECOHDED 1
President Fails to Endorse
Bonus for Former Ameri- j
can Soldiers !
NO REFERENCE MADE I
TO TREATY OR LEAGUE 1
Final Paragraph of Message t
Might Be Regarded as If
Valedictory f
WASHINGTON. Ucc. 7 President H
Wilson s concrete receimmendatlons to H
congress In in annual message today -H
1 ' islon of the tax laws with slm- H
pllficatlon of tin- income: and profits
Inelependence for the Philippines.
A loan to Armenia
Bconomy in government approprla- H
tions and expenditures and creation H
of " a workable budget system."
Cold storage and other laws
j fectlng the cost ..f living, and the -S
I federal licensing of corporations as
I recommended in previous messages. 'LLLU
soi.Dll.Ks l SA1LOKN
Rehabilitation and training of dis- H
iibled soldiers ami sallOTS. The presl-
dent did not endorse a bonus. H
Nowhere did the president refer H
to the league of nations or the peaoe
treat: fitr. excepl perhaps by in- I
i ference in hU opening when he gttot- .J
, ed Abraham Lincoln's "let us have "H
i faitli that right makes might, and In H
that faith let us dare to elo our duty H
we understand '.' . . , I
WILSON VLEHICTOKY lfl
At Its closs (he pr-ldcn: wrote a . IH
tt-.-i till which mlht be regarded 'Jl
"I nol much 1 1 ..i before LM
i JH
! sought to Utter a confession of faith. M
i of the faltb to bI md hy untlj mj (a: ffl
flghtin day. 1 believe this to be ths H
faith of America, the faith of the
ture and of ..ll the victories which pssV
I await national action In th. .ij gjaafl
I come whether In America or else-
I
ll Mot j: y TO l EST.
Democracy, th- president said, "1"
being put upon its final tent."
The old world." slid he. "Is Just jH
now suffering from a wanton rejec
tion of democracy and n substitution H
of the principle of autocracy as ns- H
erted In the name, but without th Jfl
authority and sanction of Ihe multi
unb . This is the time of all others
when democracy should prove its pur
ity and its spiritual power to prevail H
manifest destlnj of
the I'nited States to lead in the at- LLM
tempt to make this spirit prevail."
VA S TO IJSSIST.
Two ways, "in which tho United "H
States can assist to accomplish thli LL
j great ohject " were outlined by th
president. They. we;-e; J
First By offering the pxample
.within her own borders of the will LH
and power of democracy to make and
enforce laws which are. unqiiestlona- LLM
i bly lust i(nd which are equal in their LLM
, administration. fH
Second: By standing for right and
justice ns towards Individual nations jf
CAXKO" Kl l CSE ROUS. '
The I'nited States," said the presl
dent, "cannot refuse this rolo of H
, champion without puttinn the stigma
: of rejection upon the great and do
voted men who brought i'.s govern
into existence."
The president's message was trans-mitt.-d
by messenger the president rfl
admerlng to his decision not to ad
dress an congress In person IH
The presldi nt's message was not H
read Immediately In the senate, which
waited until It ha l disposed of routine H
business, Secretary Tumulty is Hj
among the spectators In the senatn H
occupying a scat upon the floor. Pun- H
He galleries again were filled and
several ellplom.its were present. H
oo sbbbbI
WOMAN ON TRIAL FOR
SLAYING TWO HUSBANDS
ST. LOUIS Doc. 7 Lillian Wood
lock. 30 years old, under two first de- H
gree murder ir.ellctments for the H
deaths of Thomas V. Broderlck, and
Joseph Pi Voodlock, her first and
second husbands, respectively, went to H
trial in circuit court here today on H
the second charge. Poth men worn H
shot and killed by I'rsula Broderlck.
ihe defendant's daughter, who is now
out on $6000 bond pending in appeal
to the supreme court from a ten year
penitentiary sentence for killing
Woodlook. LM
Woodlock was hot In Apeii. 1810,
the girl testifying sho was defending
her honor.
Broderie-k met his death October 6
101G, and Ursula, then only fourteen
oars old. was acquitted by a coro
per s Jury on her testimony that sh.
shot to protect her mother whom, J
.she asserted, Broderlck was beating.
UO H
FRANCE DISPUTES BRITISH
HOLD ON FAR EAST LANDS
PARIS. Dec. 7. kDlfflOUlties relative
to territorial claims of Great Britain
and Franco in Syria ami Palestine are
Hearing a solution, says the Matin.
During their conference In London
Premiers Leygues and Lloyd George
eltscussrd the. situation, and the latter
IS said to have recognized the fact
that British claims w ere in some In-,
well founded,

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