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4 JHE OGDEN STANDARD-EXAMINER cirwnAY MORNING, OCTOBER 1, 192
I MODERN TRAFFIC BATTERS
CONCRETE ROADS IN VAIN
Ceaseless Hammer and Grind of Bi Trucks and
Automobiles Have Slight Effect
On Stony Surface
I What is meant by i "rood road"
Let's fret down to fun.i:mv -good
rood Is one which is nl
ready and safe for ali kinds of traf
fic. A path In the Woods may bo i
(food road for a fov men, but in
crease the number 01 men and the
path aoon becomes muddy or dusty
a bad road. A dirt road mav be ,
.good road for a few vehicles hut
lpultlpiy the vehicles In number nnj
weight, and the dirt road become
h bad road. So. to sa. money and
nerve traffic the road la paved to
keep it good
What should ho expected from a
paved road? A aurface which will
remain pven and regular, uncham,-. ,1
by the hammering ol heavy vehicles,
Modern traffh mov r..
wheels deliver an Impact far greater
than that of horse-drawn traffic. If'
thu material of which T. surface is
constructed has not tht- rigidity and
strength to sustain tli weight and!
impact of paaslng load? . ,- ,
will he deformed into waves, . ,
or ruts and th quality Of
will be lost. A bad road or p
ment Is one that no lonc"i hj . r, 1
ven and regular surface Obvioi
if a paved roud is to remain Rood
unaffected by the ceaseless hammer
and grind of heavy trafrir it must
be rigid, because only a rijjid, non
yielding' pavement can distribute the
concentrated weight and ii iacl
heavy wheel-loads over a large area
of the underlying soil. Thai's one
reason whv road builders i r. r ,,n
cretc for highway pavements. Con
crete is alwaya rigid no matter
hot the day It Is always r idy to
carry the lead without yield
WHAT is OOVOfU I I
Concrete la a combination of t n,
sharp sand, crushed stone,
and portland cement, mixed with u..
1er in definite proportion an I
lowed to harden. The cim- nt Is gen
erally made from certain kinds of
Atone and shale or clay, crushed and
ground very finely, then Burned
Ttlln to drive of l the water n I r
tually fuse the Ingredients. I". comes
from the kiln In 'hi fornt ol
vitreous "cllnki r," whlc i
ground, becomes aement, Thi manu
facture of cement la i nd l I lin
ger the watchful ear'- of exp rt chem
ists. Add water to the een nt ,
" It hardens Into stone acaln W'h.-n
and apd crushed stone, or pel bb
.re mixed .with cement and wate
the mass will harden into lial is
.Oa'led concrete-, or an artificial r.tonc
Before concrete begins to hat I
r;asrtic mass which can b
Into any desired shape To make a
pavement, the pliistb .in A
apread upon the prep I
io a depth not - than seven in,
.or more if reauired bv re , .
dltlons. finish ti i ti
and allowed to harden. In I
the roadbed Is "arn.nred"
rigid, unyielding slab of rndu
. stone and you have a OOncrete road
WHY ( n ElBTE ROADS 9JXE
Concrete roads are rigid. They dis
tribute the pressure of heavy vehicle,
loads to a large area of tho under
lying soil. When the soil lacks re
I liable bearing power, as in the case of
j spongy clay or soft loams, concrete
j roads may be relnformed with stocl
; rods or heavy steel wire mesh, to re
i slat the bending stresses caused by
the shock of traffic. This reinforce
ment affords an additional factor of
safety at locations where, for any rea
son unstable soil conditions exist or
may develop; Concrete is the only
pa Ing material in which steel rcln-i
forcing can thus be used to give th
Inereased strength required. Because !
they are rigid and can be built strong i
enough for any traffic, concrete roads '
are more widely used than any other
type of highway surface. The people j
ha liarned 10 depend upon concrete
roads. That's why concrete road9 are1
belnr built cnd used everywhere. It's I
not the result of a sudden Impulse,
it's the result of public eonfld' fit e
Justified by long experience.
OR ks t t r( RBTE ROADS.
Concrete expands and contracts
I slightly with change in temperature.
Sometimes, in contracting, cracks ap
i pear in the surface. Those unfamll-
lar with concrete pavements some
times are alarmed at such cracks,
and fear serious consequences. Su-h
j cracks, when they do appear. In no
way affect the smooth riding quall
1 tics, nor do they tend to shorten the
) useful life of the pavement. Road
J building engineers of wide experience
j in all sections of the country give Mt
I tie or no serious thought to the
, cracks that may develop in a well
built concrete road.
At Uellefo:ir.i!n.-. O., there are con
' crete pavements on the principal
1 business streets which were laid In
1893. Today, efter BIT" years, those
; pavement are' giving perfect ser
vice, a few craeka are in evidence,
but they have not shortened the r.f.
nor affected the service-giving qual
ity of the pavement in nnv way.
( ONORETE ROADS i ONOMH i
ISxperlenced road builders all say
that the annual upkeep cost of con
Crete roads runs from flO to per
haps liO pr mile per year. fail-:
ally it is Ies9 than $.'.0 per mile p-r '
year for the pavement alone. This
is because the concrete ro. d lias a
rigid surface i; Is built that way.
and stavs that way if the surface
were non-rigid and yielding, the traf
fic wou'.d cause holes and ruts.
Thin happens to gravel, macadam '
and oiler roadr under heavy traffic.
If a f;eib In.' lead of a rigid bin
der Is used to hold the particles of
the macadam together the traffic
may deform that surface by pound
ing it into depressions and "waves."
Such a surface cannot stay even and
regular, because it is not rigid. In-
JUST ONE MINUTE!
You can read this In one
By the time you reach the last
line, property worth $021 will have
been destroyed bv fire somewhere
1n the Unlte,t State!
Minute after imnu'e. day after
day. on the average. Ilil appalling
I pace keeps up. to a grand yearly
total of ?-lRri,000,)no.
That, at least. s,is the record
in jm.ii. What the showing will be
this year, and in th( years to come
depends, in large measure, on
Ninerv prr cent r,f all fires are
preventable, for they are due to
Take a look In vour cellar, vour
attic, that closet. Clear out the
rubbish the old stuff stored nwav
because "maybe some day we'll
find a use for It " Many firea
about Che house are horn in trash
While inpurame marks the dl
frenee between protection and
j destitution, every American home
I has Its treasured possessions whose
' worth cannot he computed In
; terms of money and can nevor be
A minute's thought now may
I save the patient accumulation of
1 a lifetime from the ravages of
After all. It's chiefly a matter
of protecting your own dwelling
I and those whose presence there
makes it home.
Isn't it worth a minute to you"
SPURT IN AUGUST
Fairly complete returns of August
building expenditures are rather a!
I variance with the preliminary Indi
cations noted last weei f.0r In
stance, the totals received up o the
( end of last week, nearly one hundred
' cities contributing, indicated a ."light
, decline in August from Julv. but with )
j returns from 153 cities in August 1
I shows a slight gain Over July.
J Returns to Bradstreet'a from 1S3
cities show a total expenditure per
Imitted for of $212,900,181. a9 ojralnni
a total for July at the same cities
I of $1 99,091,744. and an aggregate In
August last year of $ 1 S 4.033, 46 1.
There Is here indicated a gain of 38.2
per cent over August. 1921. and a
gain of 6.9 per cent over July this
year July, it might he mentioned,
with all cities reporting, showed a de
crease of 18 per cent from the peak
mont h of June.
Employes in the state of Illinois
are being advised that In conform
ance with the recommendations or the
president's conference on unemploy
ment, the general advisory board of
the Illinois fre. emnlovment service
has perfected a co-operative arrange
ment with the T'nited States bureau
of labor stat levies whereby the dupll
eatlon In reporting Industrial Infor
mation to vnrious government zjcon
eieh will be discontinued.
vestlgatton will show that, in contrast
1o concrete roads, large sums must
be spent every' year in the effort to
keep an even surface on a road pavJ
with non-rigid or yielding material.
' ' ' r ' ' "' '"' '' H 11. mi u hi n 11 szJSBt&t
We Started Here in 1880
fj Same Location, 1922 ,
POINTS TO WAY
TO BUILD HOME
Charles Bass Reveals Ex
periences in Acquiring
'Misrles A Baas, local weather ob
server and city sanitary Inspootor. ia
the proud possessor of a new home.
Charlie is so overjoyed that he iaj
now his own landlord that h' "tells
the world" it la tho only thing He I
has written In his own av. a Vine'',
story of ' how he did it," without be-j
ing overburdened with money with
which to start.
Charlie la always willing to help
, Others got liielr share of good things,
I so he explains how ., nv yonnr ma i
mav follow his Instructions and maiM
his own home. F'urthc-. he Invltea
any prospeetlve homo owner, who
has not vet begun, to visit him at
bis new home and "get wised op "
HIS OW STORV.
in his own words, lie ajags
' My landlord raised my rent when
he thought his daughters or wife
should have better clothes or more
up-to-date appliances on his auto
mobile, or longer vacations.
"I bad to stand for the raise, first,
because houaea were scarce that were
desirable, and second because I blew (
i my money In like a drunken sailor
as the saying goesi. Third, because
1 1 did nit hne the "get-up' In me
I to think for myself, that a dav would
, r.me when I would need dollars lu-.
lead of receipts to show that I paid
my rent like a good but foolish fol
low. "Iet me tell my voung friends in 1
particular that unless they make a
start they will probably neVer own
their own home but like myself they
will have nothing but a receipt to
show that they paid their rent. And
by all means keep those receipts
An inspiration came to me and I
looked about for a location to make a
home and I found it at 194 Chilis
avenue With a determination I went
to a real estate dealer and paid a
hundred dollara on the lot, which was
then full of weeds and rank growth
"The next month, instead of spend
ing any money for clothes or any
thing else outside of good food, I paid
mv installment on mv newlv acnuh-ed I
I prospective home, and then I hired
I a tent for a small amount and put It
on the lot. T sacrificed, but after
four months I had another hundred
dollars saved in rent to apply on mv
(letting more enthusiastic every
minute fand so will you if you will
only make the first start, but you
must forego and deprive yourself of
many little things, and It won't be
long before you have receipts to
show that you believe in Ogden and
I'tah and America, and you can do
It If you agive that you can). I kept
up m payments on my lot.
"Comparatively speaking 1 am a
stranger w ith the inoneyvd people in I
I this splendid community, but un
daunted anl inspired by my progrea ,
thus far, I went forward to a friend'
whom I BUSpecled had some money,
SPd told blin my s.tory. He looked a I
little surprised at me and asked me
lu' kind of a hoUse I wag figuring'
a and how much I had paid al-
WhanWiA a he was fair's
protected he said 'go to l(. and 1 did.
And in consequence I have n home!
to work for and I am sure proud ofj
s , 1
Ogden bonsits one of the most btsautiful canyon and mountain
highways of the whole weatern country Laat year the State of Utah,
co-operating with Weber County and the Federal Government, paved
the highway leading from the city to the mouth of the canyon. The
entire highway is now of Warrenite Bitulithic surface, built over the
old macadam road which was reinforced with a thin bituminous con
crete base (black base).
This year Ogden City built one and one-quarter miles of j
eighteen-foot roadway and completely finished the work in fourteen
days, but the people of Ogden were not deprived of the pleasure of
the canyon breezes on warm evenings during those two weeks of
' onstruction, as the roadway was thrown open every evening, and
fia soon as the last square yard of pavement was laid and rolled, the
rnooth, noiseless surface was ready for use. from Ogden to Eden.
This canyon is the playground of the city and has been made so
easily accessible that a few minutes of delightful driving puts the
motorists in one of Utah's real beauty spots.
Build Warrenite Bitulithic Streets and Roads
"The Best by Every Test"
WARREN BROS. COMPANY
"Take a little walk and Gee It. and
hae a heart to heart talk with mc
Get acquainted with my wife for vre
are going to stay here, as Ojrden Is
good enough for ua.
"In conclusion, let me again say,
make the first start, the finish, with'
' some determination, even though it
J may seem alow, will soon come. Cn j
the end you will hkLTe something that
I you can realize on much more than I
; i rent rerrlpt. Own your own home I
j I am in no way connected with any;
building promotera or real estate, ij
am just boosting for Ogden 1
Pennsylvania's bituminous coal
i fields rontftin 4.1 8 3 0 iCO nj .vhorfr
i tonn of recoverable rorO nr,Ugh to.
meet the demands o' tiie next 23f
rears a I the present rale of con aural
Mon Of the original deposit. 5.51J
773.000 tons have been mined.
Miles and Minutes
1 he Atlantic cable is approximately 3500 miles long. Yet, to the
newspapers, I.xndon is only a few minutes from New York. Your
paper tells you about happenings in the Old World within a few hour?
of their occurrence For newspaper enterprise has reduced those miles
Mow fax back we would go without newspapers! We would remain
in ignorance, not only of evcnt6 at home and abroad but also of
much that concerns us even more vitally news of the things that
have to do with our personal, every-day lives.
Every day new things appear new products that save time, labor
and money are introduced new comforts, new conveniences and
new ideas are continually being worked out and offered for your
1 he advertisements bring you news of all this progress. They tell you
ail about these things, where to get them, how to get them and how I
much to pay for them. The advertisements are daily directories to !
wise buying. I
READ THE ADVERTISEMENTS. Protect yourself in your buymg,
by getting the products which have proved their worth by making
good under the spotlight of consistent publicty. ffl
Read the advertisements and buy