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H W--T.c.v.c.n,.. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 5, 1914. m s,,., Matt.r at the Po,tot.,ee, H
I PRESIDENT APPEALS TO CONGRESS
TO UPHOLD TREATY OBLIGATIONS
; (Panama Tolls Exemption Clause Not Only "Mistaken Eco
j nomic Policy," But in Contraventio nof Aay-Paunce-f
ote Agreement Asks to Be Sustained in Ungrudg-
ing Measure in Upholding National Honor of
United States and Its Foreign Policy.
MESSAGE SHORTEST ONE YET DELIVERED
American Government Consented to Present Treaty With
Great Britain and Is in Duty Bound to Keep It's Promises
Without Quibble or Hesitation Other Matters of
Greater Delicacy and Nearer Consequence
Facing Chief Executive.
I! Washington, D. C, March 5. Pres
ident Wll3oii personally appealed to
congress, assembled In joint session
1 today, to sustain the national honor
of the United States, in upholding
treaty obligations by repealing the
' Panama tolls exemption against which
Great Britain protests. He asked
congress to do thai "in support of
the foreign policy of the United
Slates," and added that an exerap-
lion for American ships not only was
i a "mistaken economic policy," but
j was in contravention of the Hay
. Pauncefoto treaty.
jf "I shall not know how to deal with
U other matters of even greater deli-
i. cacy and nearer consequence if yo
' do not grant it to me in ungrudging
measure," said the president.
"The large thing to do is the only
j thing we can afford to do; a volun
tary withdrawal from a position every
l where questioned and misunderstood.
We ought to reverse our action with"
; I out raising the question whether we
!j were right or wrong, and so once more
; deserve our reputation for gonerosity
I ' and the redemption of every obllga
1 tion without quibble or hesitation."
I ; President Wilson's address, the
j shortest he has yet delivered to con
' f grcss, was as follows:
; r "Gentlemen of the Congress:
; . "1 have come to you on an crraud
j which can bo very briefly performed,
. ; but I beg that you will not measure
i. its importance by the number of sen
f tences in which I state it. No com--(1
munlcation I have addressed to the
, j congress carried with it graver or
more far-reaching implications to the
interest of the country, and 1 come
II now to speak on a matter with regard
II to which I am charged in a peculiar
e degree, by the constitution itself, with
w personal responsibility.
Asks for Repeal.
"I have come to ask for the repeal
f of that provision of the Panama canal
act of August 24, 1912. which exempts
vessels engaged in the coastwise trade
of the United States from payment of
! tolls, and to urge on you the justice
f the wisdom and the large policy of
i such a repeal, with the utmost earn
estness of which I am capable.
"In my own judgment, very fully
considered and maturely formed, that
I exemption constitutes a mistaken eco-
I nomic policy from every point of view
i and Is moreover in plain contraven
tion of the treaty with Great Britain
concerning the canal concluded on
i November 18, 1901. But I have not
! come to you to urge my persona?
,,V views. I have come to state to you
jSv a fact and a situation. Whatever
may be our own differences of opin
io ion concerning this much-debated
I measure, its meaning is not debated
J outside the United States. . Every
L where else the language of the treaty
f . is given but one interpretation, and
that interpretation precludes the
exemption 1 am asking you to repeal,
i We consented to the treaty; its lnn
I ! guage we accepted, if we did not orlg
U ' inate it, and we are too big, too pow
It cvful, too self-respecting a nation to
H interpret with too strained or refined
m a reading the words of our own prom--
ises just because we have power
j enough, to give us leave to read them
I as we please. The large thing to do
is the only thing we can afford tc
1ft do a voluntary withdrawal from a
H position everywhere questioned and
jf misunderstood. We ought to reverse
F our action without raising tbe ques-
Hon whether we were right or
III wrong, and so once more deserve out
Pf reputation for generosity and the re
I J demption of every obligation without
i k quibble or hesitation.
H . Other Delicate Matters.
I f, .. ns; this of you in support of the
f & foreign policv of the administration.
F & 1 shall not know how to deal with
jL&y other matters of even greater dell
V cacv and nearer consequence if you
do 'not grant it to me in ungrudging
;t The Panama toll3 question has been
a subject of dispute for nearly two
i years Diplomatic correspondent
between Great Britain and the Uni
ted States found the question unset
' tied when President Taft left office.
' Except for an assurance lo James
'i Bryce then British ambassador, when
I : he" left the United Stales a year ago,
i. that the question would be taken up
; in the regular se3oion of congress
President Wilson has never directed
any official communication to Eng
!' land on the lolls question. The pres
ident recently lold callers he hud
never discussed the matter formally
or lnformallv with the British ambas
sador here, Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, be
cause he believed the obllgaLon on
the part or the United States to re
I ' peal the exemption clause wa-, one
' which this government itself should
! realize without outride influence or
( Administration leaders in both
I House and senate have assured the
A " president that with the delivery of
4W a message by him, showing that ln-
fvf tciiational circumstances had arisen
since the measure was last debated
the president's suggestion for repeal
would be met with prompt action.
House Is Packed.
The house chamber and galleries
were packed, as usual, to hear the
president read his address. The
French and German ambassadors and
other members of the diplomatic
corps were in spaces reserved for
The Misses Wilson' had places in
the executive gallery, and Mrs. Wil
son for the first time was absent.
She was not yet recovered from the
shock of a fall in the White House
a day or two ago.
President Wilson reached the capl
tol ten minutes before the time for
the reading and waited in Speaker
Clark's room until 12:30 o'clock,
when he was escorted into the cham
ber and promptly began reading his.
brief address, as soon as a burst at
applause had died away. V
Brevity of Message a Surprise.
Mr. Wilson's message was so brief
that he had finished reading almost
before the surprised galleries real
ized he had begun. It took less than
five minutes and as another burst of"
applause greeted its close, the presi
dent hurried out of the chamber and
drove back to the White House.
The joint session dissolved at once
and the two houses resumed their
Tribute to President.
Not a sound had interrupted the
president as he read his message and
as he finished the assemblage was
all smiles, the demonstration being
regarded as a tribute to his first
year in office and the first year of
Democratic supremacy in the gov
ernment. . Within ten minutes after the
president had addressed congress.
Senator Chilton, Democrat, of the
canals commission, introduced a bill
authorizing the president to suspend
Message Referred to Committee.
Speaker Clark ordered tho address
referred to the interstate commerco
committee. Chairman Adamson, who
will have charge of the repeal legie
lation, declared the address fitted his
"The president's address pleases
me," ho said, "because it means'
honesty at home and justice abroad
It is not true that we are surrender
ing to Groat Britain if we repeal the
free tolls clause. Myself and other
Democrats took a position against
this piece of rascality before England
ever heard of it."
Democratic Leader Underwood de
clined to discuss the president's ad
The section which Senator Chil
ton's bill v:ould add to the Panama law
is as follows:
"The president, notwithstanding
anything herewlthin contained, is
hereby authorized and empowered by
proclamation to make, suspend, alter,
change or abolish any tolls contempla
ted or provided for in this act, ana'
may prescribe tolls to be charged in
any case in which the tolls are pro
Interviewed at White House.
Later, at the White House, when
asked about that portion of his ad
dress In which be referred to matters
of "greater delicacy and nearer con
sequence," in foreign affairs as being
dependent on the repeal, tho president
said that he meant merely that 'it
was very awkward to deal with for
eign nations which thought the Uni
ted States would not keep Its prom
ises. European nations, generally, the
president reiterated, took the view
that the Hay-Pauncefote treaty had
been violated and were beginning to
believe that the United States Inter
preled the language of treaties ac
cording to its own selfish interests.
The president added that nothing In
particular had given rise to his rcf
erences to foreign affairs and that
nothing critical was pending.
r r -.. .
WOMAN IS DENIED
DIVORCE BY COURT
Boston, Mass., March 5. Mrs. Lois
Burnett Rantoul, a granddaughter of
James Russell Lowell, was denied a
divorce from Bdward L. Rantoul by
Judge Hardy at Cambridge today.
Mr. Rantoul alleged cruel and abu
sive treatment. The defense claimed
that the troubles of the two wore
due to the wife's admitted affection
for Chester Chapin Rumrill of Spring
GERMAN AMBASSADOR IS GUEST
New York, March f. Count Johann
Von Bernstorjf, the Gorman ambassa
dor, it was announced nt the Aero
Club of America today, will be the
principal guest at the club's annual
' dinner to be held hero March 19.
GENERAL WOOD WILL COMMAND U. S.jf;
ARMY IF WAA COMES WITjH MEXICO
Major General Leonard Wood.
Major General Leonard Wood, chief of staff, will lead the troops into
:. Mexico if the United States decides to intervene. He will be given com
mand of the first division of the army.
Gen. Carranza's Appointees
Investigate Benton Execution
and Bauch Disappearance.
WILL NOT VIEW BODY
Still awaiting Instructions
El Paso, Texas, March 5. Examina
tion Into the execution by General
Villa or William S. Benton, the Brit
ish subject, and into the disappear
ance of Gustav Bauch, the German
American, was begun at Juarez today
by the Mexican commission appointed
by General Carranza, chief of tho
The commission will endeavor to
ascertain whether the arrest and con
viction of Benton was made accord
ing to duo form of law nnd justice
It is not expected that an examination
will be made of the Briton's body.
An attempt will be made by the
Mexican commissioners to learn
whether Bauch was executed ot
whether ho still is alive. The Anglo-American
commission was still
awaiting instructions from Washing
ton. Headquarters of the Constitutional
ist government was established today
across the river at Juarez. General
Carranza nnd the members of his cab
inet were expected to leave Nogales
for Juarez some time today.
Carranza Leaves Nogales.
Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, March 5.
General Carranza, with his staff oi"
officers and a heavy guard of troops
left today on a train for Naco, Sono
ra. From that point, the Constitu
tionalist commander-in-chief will ride
into Chihuahua, probably touching at
Agua Pricta, opposite Douglas, Ariz.,
and arriving at Casas Grandes on the
railroad southwest of Juarez.
Federals Are Unsuccessful.
Chihuahua, Mexico. March 5. An
unsuccessful federal attack on the
troops of General Contreras, at Pedri
cona, 30 miles soulhwest of Torrcon,
was reported here today.
There was also said to have been a
fight at the bridge of Picardlas be
tween General Robles and a detach
meut believed lo have been sent out
from Torreon for the purpose of co
operating by flanking General Con
treras. Tho federals were forced to
Cairo, 111., March 5. Miss Jessie
Branton, who came here from Gary,
Ind., is missing, and i3 believed to
have been murdered. Mosc Endl
cott, with whom she was last seen
alive, is in prison pending an Inves
tigation. Endicott was arrested yes
terday on a minor charge and today
a formal charge of murder was plac
ed against him.
Endicott said he and the girl went
lo a house boat, but he couldnot
tell when she left it. Tho river Is
being dragged for her body.
Wires Governor Colquitt That
He Has Qrderecrrest of
HORSE THEFT CHARGE
Section of Treaty With Mexi
co Quoted as Provision for
Austin, Texas, 'March 5. Replying
to the Texas governor's inquiry con
cerning a requisition for the kidnap
pers of Clemente Vergara, an Amer
ican citizen, General Joaquin Maas,
Mexican federal general commanding
the district where Vergara was lured
into Mexico and reported executed,
today wired that ho had ordered the
"arrest of the persons named.' ' His
telegram did not say whether. If ap
prehended, they would be surrend
ered to Texas.
General Maas signed his telegram
as "Governor-general of the state of
Coahuila," sending the message from
Governor Colquitt did not send a
formal requisition but inquired
whether a Texas requisition would bo
honored. Tho individuals he named
were Apolonio Rodriguez, roputed to
be a federal captain, and men said to
bo under his command, who were
charged with stealing Vergara's
horses from an island In the Rio
Grande, claimed to be on the Amer
ican side of the line. As Vergara's
reported death occurred on the Mexi
can side, the only charge on which
a requisition could be based was
Governor Colquitt's request was
made under a section of a treaty be
tween the United Stales and Mexico,
providing that border states in Mex
ico and tho United States may sur
render fugitives to each other with
out presentation of such requisitions
through the usual diplomatic chan
nels for foreign negotiations. This
request was addressed to General
Mans as governor of the district
where the alleged horse theft occur
red and not, as was reported yester
day, to Salome Boleo, said to be fed
eral governor of Nuevo Leon.
CATTLEMEN CALL ON
Washington, March 5. Senator
Ashurst and a delegation of western
men interested in. cattle raising, call
ed on President Wilson today In the
interest of the bill introduced by Rep
resentative Kent for federal regula
tion of public grazing land. Those
i in the party were Dwight B. Heard
of Phoenix, Ariz., R. S. Clarke, for
mer attorney general of Arizona:
Levi Young of Arizona and E. H.
Crabb, president of the Cococini Cat
tle Growers' association.
PORTER CHARLTON EXAMINED.
N.i pic, Italy, March 5. The men
tal condition oT Porter Charlton, tho
young American charged with mur
dering his wife at Lake Como, Is to
be investigated by two of the leading
Italian alienists, Dr. Leonardo Blan
chi, former minister of Instruction,
and Professor Bnrico Morzelli, of the
University of Genoa.
RIO JANEIRO IN
Three Brazilian States Report
ed in Revolution Fight
ing in Progress.
Business Virtually Suspended
Body of Fanatics March
ing on Capital.
Rio Janeiro, Brazil. March 5. The
Brazilian government authorities to
day proclaimed a state of siege in
the cities of Rio Janeiro, Nlctheroy
any Petropolls. This is to remain
in force until March 31.
The government's action is taken
as a preventive measure against any
Buonos Ayres, Argentina, March 5.
A state of siege was proclaimed in
Rio Janeiro, Brazil. I today, according
to dispatches reaching here from
It Is understood here that a strict
censorship has been imposed on dis
patches from Brazil.
Reports have been current for some
time that a revolutionary movement
was in existence in the Brazilian
states of Pernambuco, Ceara and
Para, and that fighting was in prog
ress between the local forcos and tho
The causes of the disaffection were
said to have been racial differences.
In the last week of February, a body
of fanatics was reported to be march
iug on Rio Janeiro.
Tlie situation in the various states
was reported as becoming worse, es
pecially In Ceara.
Buslncs was said to be virtually
suspended in several states, chiefly
those where the negro population is
The state of Ceara at the last cen
sus had a population of about 850,
000; Para -150,000, and Pernambuco
No News in New York.
New York, N. Y., March 5. No
members of the New York Coffee ex
change had received any direct iu
formation this forenoon regarding the
reported outbreak at Rio Janeiro. Cof
fee receipts were normal and tho
business of the exchange was not af
Herman Siclck'en "of the firm of
Crossman and Sielcken, coffee bro
kers and bankers, said that he had
a cablegram from Rio Janeiro thl:i
morning, which gave no intimation ot
trouble in that city.
"There have been repeated exag
gerated rumors of rebellion and trou
ble," ho added, "which have proved
untrue. The Brazilian ambassador
In Washington had promised to give
me immediate notice of any trouble
and I have heard nothing from him
Siege Report Confirmed.
London, March 5 Confirmation of
the report that a state of siege had
been proclaimed in Rio Janeiro was
received here from that city today.
Martial law has been proclaimed in
Nlctheroy, five miles east of the capi
tal, and in Petropolis, capital of the
state of Rio Janeiro.
Washington, March 5 Senor De
Gama. the ambassador from Brazil,
received a brief dispatch from his
government today directing him to
assure legations and consular offi
cers in this country "not to feel any
uneasiness because of rumors." There
were no advices to supplement it, the
ambassador sold, and his only conclu
sion of which the message related to
was contained in the news dispatches
telling of a state of siege at Rio
and revolutionary troubles in some
of the Brazilian states.
News that Rio was under siege and
reports of an uprising in the states
of Para, Pernambuco. and Ceara, per
plexed state department officials, as
the interests of the northern prov
inces and the southern districts in
cluding Rio are quite distinct. The
southern provinces are considered the
more progressive; contain most of
the railroads and arc the center of
very extensive coffee Interests.
In the northern provinces, such as
those from which the latest outbreak
Is reported, the negro population pre
dominates. Nothing lias been re
ceived recently at the state depart
ment concerning racial clashes in any
of those provinces and it was said
that nothing has been henrd of a
disturbances in Brazil for sevternl
Early In the present year meagre
reports reached the department of
hostilities then said to be confined
to Pernambuco and the neighboring
state of Ceara, but the cause of the
uprising was not stated.
Vienna, Austria, March 5 The low
er house of tho Austrian parliament,
whose sessions were suspended on
January 30, owing to the violent ob
struction of the Czech deputies re
assembled today but was again
brought io an abrupt stop by the tu
mult raised by the opposition mem
ber, the speaker once more suspend
The obstruction of the Czech depu
ties was brought about by the atti
tude adopted by the government in
the settlement of Germany and Czech
differences Jn Bohemia, which the
Czechs regard as unduly favoring tho
HUSBANDS GROW ON
EVERY PANAMA TREE
Miss Irene Bear.
Miss Irene Bear, a Colorado heir
ss7 who has just returned from a
isit to Panama, brings back this
message to her unwed sisters: If
you want to get married, go to the
canal zone. She says she had a lot
of proposals while on the isthmus,
and that she hasn't turned them all
Every Seat Taken and Corri
dors Overflow With People
Eager to Hear Arraignment
Prosecutor Makes Final Attack
on Ellis' Plea Case
Goes to Jury.
Chicago, March 5. William Cheney
Ellis,' the wealthy Cincinnati manu
facturer who is on trial charged with
having murdered his wife in a. Cblr.
cago hotel last October, probably will
know his fate before night,
Stephen A. Malato, assistant state's
attorney, expected to make the clos
ing arguments for the prosecution to
day. The case will then go to Uiq
jury. Counsel for Ellis completed
their arguments last night. They
pleaded transitory insanity.
Desires to hear the final arraign
ment of Ellis caused the corridors
leading to the court room today to
be packed with a throng which in
cluded many fashionably-dressed wo
men. Ever' seat In the court room
was taken as Malato began his last
attack on the defense's insanity plea.
Malato's final address was brief.
He brought it to a close with a final
demand that tho death penalty be
Inflicted on Ellis.
Judge Petit at once began to read
his Instructions to the jury.
RANSOM OR DEATH
Villa Gives General Terrazas
Until Tomorrow to Pay
500,000 for Son.
Vast Estates Depleted by Ex
orbitant and Persistent De
mands of Rebel Officer.
El Paso, Tex., March 5. Luis Ter
razas, Jr., who for many months has
been held a prisoner by the rebels
at Chihuahua, pending negotiations
for ransom, has until tomorrow to
pay $500,000 to General Francisco Vil
la under jialn of death.
The news leaked out here through
the efforts of General Luis Terra
zas, the great Mexican land owner,
and father of Luis, to get the money
last night, so that the messenger sent
here might return, today. This ef
fort failed and General Villa was tele
graphed that the messenger would
arrive at Chihuahua tomorrow night
with the money.
Every effort was made to keep tho
news from becoming public property
and the few persons engaged in the
transaction denied the story. It is
known to be true, however.
Ransom Depletes Fortune.
The ransom will make a serious
' hole In the remnant of the fortune
Which General TerrnzaB has here, it
is believed. Large sums have previ
ously been forced from him to save
his son's life. Villa's enmity to the
great Terrazas' family is deep-seated
and persistent. Early In the revolu
tion ho declared their vast estates
forfeited to the rebel government.
A month ago Alberto Terrazas, af
ler a life-time of lavish living, bought
a fruit farm In California where ho
makes a modest Income and is able
to live economically. Alberto and
Luis aro brothers.
It Is doubtful if Villa would execute
Luis In Chihuahua, for he has many
devoted friends there and a reaction
of public sentiment toward the fam
ily might follow such an net.
GUESTSJF CITY .
Raid on Churches by Indus
V trial Workers of the
PLACED UNDER ARREST
Priesrders Invaders Away
Problem of the "Out-of-Wotk?'
New York, Njv, March 5.-Unsha-
ven and defiamPrank Tannebaum. IH
erstwhile aiterbutnow leader of
an army of the -unemployed,' which
under the banners?the industrial
Workers of the World0rmed New
York churches nightlfn the po
lice intenered, was bgHgKtmto Jef-
ferson Market police courtl'ty for IH
arraignment on a chafgo'dor'incltw IH
riot. Two hundred of liis followers jH
held during. the night inttiree . sep-
arate prisons were sent to (neTomba 1
further down town, all charged? with 1
Tannebaum was represented by
Justus Sheffield, a lawyer, retained
by the Industrial Workers of. the 1
Only a Start.
"This is only the start," said Tan- IH
nebaum. "The 1. W. W. is behind,
every man nrrested. If necessary jH
we will bring 500 agitators into tho
city within the next few days. The
reason so many men are unemployed
Is that the factories are working their
hands from J2 to 14 hours a day. We
are going to send men into these fac- vH
tories and demand that the working
hours be reduced to eight. This
will solve the whole problem "
Tannebaum had a cell by himself
during the night, but his followers
did not fare so well. Their number
made it necessary for five or six lo
be placed in one cell and under this
condition sleep was out of the ques
tion. Throughout the night, yells anc
protests kept the other prisoners
Thoy had been arrested in connec-
tion with Iheir raid on be Alphonsu?
Roman Catholic church last night.
Affair a Frame-up.
"The whole affair Is' a framo-up,"
said William Haywood, head of tho
organization, who came here recently
'tb" attend- a meeting of the Intorna"
tional AVorkingmen's Dissent confer
ence. "Police Commissioner McKay
could have rounded them up two days
'ago. if he had wanted to, but he wail
ed until the mayor returned and gave
him authority. Now, they are after
Tannebaum's blood. I can't see that
he has done anything to be arrested
for it. It is not the men who are
on trial, 'but the Mitchel administra- IH
tion and the churches."
Jane Roulston, secretary of the
mixed locals of tho I. W. W., said she
was ready to furnish 1000 bail for IH
Tannebaum If the authorities would IH
reduce his bond to that amount, Mrs.
Roulston came here several years
ago from San Francisco.
The most woe-begone of the pris
oners was Hyman Finkelstein, who,
when arrested in the church last IH
night, had $750 in his possession. Fin- IH
kclstein said he had no idea of the
nature of the demonstration in which
he was participating.
"I was watching the meeting in
Rutgers square," he said, "wher.
, someone said: 'Come on; we're all
going to ' eat' So I followed the
Finkelstein refused to give his ad
dress for fear, he said, that be would
bo robbed after he returned home.
New York, N. Y., March 5. A ma
jority of the membcrB of the army
of unemployed that has been de
mandlng food and shelter in raids on
churches every night for the last
week, are today the guests of the city
in several down town jails. Each
of the 190 men and one woman is
held In $1000 ball for hearings lato IH
today on charges of disorderly con- 'M
duct. Frank Tannebaum, the youth
ful leader of the army, faces a charge
of inciting a riot, which is a felony.
Ills bail was fixed at ?5000 and be- VM
ing unable to furnish it he, too, is
The arrest of Tannebaum and the
greater part of his army, organized
under the auspices of the Industrial
Workers of the World, was made in
St. Alphonsus Roman Catholic church
In West Broadway, whore Father John
G. Schneider refused the demand for
food and ordered the invaders away fl
if they had not come to worship.
Workers Ordered Away.
When Father Schneider repeated fl
his order there were loud cries of:
"Don't go out. Stay here. Make
them throw us out and we will hao
At this outburst two detectives
seized Tannebaum and two other lead-'
Douglas I. McKay, police cominis
sloncr, ordered the arrests on his
own initiative. He said he would
brook no repetition of rioting in
William D. Haywood, head of the
Industrial Workers of the World, af
ter the arrest of Tannebaum and his
"The police followed the advice giv
en them by the newspapers and that
was to be expected. Tho result will IH
be that the public will learn that
the problem of the unemployed Is not rjH
Before going to the church last IB
night, Tannebaum announced that the
Industrial Workers of the World
were behind him and this declaration
was borno out In night court when IH
an attorney appeared for all who IH