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The Ogden standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, July 20, 1916, PIONEER CELEBRATION EDITION, Image 19

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I v THE OGDEN STANDARD: OGDEN, UTAH. THURSDAY, JULY 20, 1916. ls
I '1 I
j Laundry
and I
Dry Cleaning
I Call Phone 2J4
PROMPT AND EFFICIENT
- SERVICE
Wasafeh Hand
Laundry
1881-83 WASH. AVE. PHONE 274.
UTAH'S HISTORY FROM THE EARLIEST
SETT1.EMENTT0 COMING OF PIONEERS
i t
II (Continued From Page 18)
r Yutas," a tribe of Indians whose
f heavy 'boards gave them the appear
t ance of Spaniards.
i Encountered Snow Storm.
L Thence they proceeded to the Beav
r er river and on October 5th. they en-
countered a severe snow storm, which
in large measure decided the question
of pushing on to Lower California. It
was determined to return to Santa
I Fe by the shortest route.
They camped near Minersville,'
passed through Cedar valley and fol
lowed down the Rio Virgin into Ari
zona They crossed the Colorado river
November 7th, and reached Santa Fe
January 2, 1777, after traveling 1,100
miles. No doubt the report Escalante
furnished supplied the data which re
sulted later in establishing the "Old
Spanish Trail."
Eastern Eyes Turned Westward.
It will be seen from the preceding
that Utah's only points of contact
with Spanish civilization were Santa
Fe and Los Angeles, one the eastern
and the other the western terminus of
the "Old Spanish Trail," but about
1823 another nation, the Americans,
; began to be Interested in Utah.
St. Louis was the western window
! through which the English speaking
people of the United States looked
out upon the Rocky Mauntaln coun
try, the greater portion of which was
Mexican territory.
It was In 1822 that General W. H.
Asjhley organized at St. Louis his ex
pedition of nearly 100 "enterprising
young men" to hunt for furs in the
Rocky mountains.
To call the roll of. Ashley's little
army Is to mention the names of Jimj
Bridger, wWb built Ft. Bridger; Jedi
diah S. Smith, for whom Smitn'sl
Fork is named . Andrew Henry, whose
name Is given to Henry's Fork;
Etienne Provost, for whom the city
of Provo is named; David E. Jack
son, whose name the trappers gave to
the valley where they often held the
annual rendezvous, the Sublette1
brothers, H. Farob, Robert Campbell '
Edward Rose and many others of the)
most daring spirits of the expanding
west.
Spent Winter In Fort.
The expedition of 1822 made its
way up the Missouri and after many
encounters with the Asslnibolns and
Blackfeet Indians, spent the winter
in a fort at the mouth of the Yeflow-j
stone.
The first party was under command'
of Henry and was joined the next
year by Ashley with 100 more men.t
The expedition had trouble, ending
In severe fighting with the Arickaree
Indians.
Reached Big Horn Valley.
Part of the expedition with Ashley
returned to St. Louis, but Henry and
about 80 of the men advanced up the
Yellowstone to the Big Horn country.
Somo of them spent tho winter in the
Snake valley and some under Provot
came as far west as Cache valley.
. First Americans to See Lake.
This was tho party of which Jim
Bridger was a member, and he, in tho
winter of 1823-1824, followed down
tho Boar river and was the first of
the Americans to see the Great Salt
Lake, of which the Spanish priests
had been told in 1776.
In tho spring of 1824, Provot and a
large party of his men went as far
south as Utah Lake. Here they were
Invited to a conference with a treach
erous band of Utes and 17 of them
lost their lives.
Followed Platte River.
ABhley, meanwhile had recruited
another party in St, Louis and this
time cam west by way of Council
Bluffs and the Platte river. On reach
ing the Green river, he remained
there over the winter and with a
small party he, the following spring,
started down the river to explore it.
His boat was wrecked and his party
cast ashore at the mouth of the river
that has since been named for him.
He commemorated the event by in
scribing on a rock near at hand,
"Ashley, 1825," an inscription that
Powell mentions as still existing forty
years later.
Followed Uintah Basin Route.
After this disaster he led his .party
west, following closely tho routo
through the Uintah basin, traveled by
Escalante In 1776. Provot and his
men met him somewhere in the Uin
1 tah country and conducted him into
the valley of the Great Salt Lake.
They explored the country as far
south as the Sevier river and lake,
which they named for Ashley.
That same spring Ashley and his re;
united force met up with Peter Skene
Ogden, a Hudson Bay fur trader,
somewhere in the vicinity of the pres
ent location of Ogden City, and by
some shady transaction succeeded in
getting away from Ogden an Immense
amount of beavor fur, valued at from
$75,000 to $100,000.
It required 50 horses to pack their
furs across the country to tho Big
Horn river, from whence they were
transported down tho Yellowstone and
Missouri to St. Louis.
In 1826, Ashley again canie west.
Ho brought with him over the South
Pass a six-pounder cannon, mounted
on wheels, which was the first wheel
ed vehicle to enter Utah. The can
non was finally placed in the fort he
was supposed to iave built near
Provo.
On July is, 1826, at a point "near
the Grand Lake, west of tho Rocky
mountain',' probably at or near the
present site of Ogden, Ashley sold
his fur trading business to Jedidlah S.
Smith, David E. Jackson and Milton
Sablette. Ashley returned to St. Louis,
where he died in 1838.
Of the new firm of Smith, who was
the ruling spirit, he took a party of
trappers down through Utah and Ne
vada to California and returned in
1827 to meet his partners "near the
Salt Lake." That summer he again
returned to California and came back
by way of Oregon and the Columbia,
meeting his partners at "the. three
Tetons," on the upper Snake river.
Soon after the business was sold to
the Rocky Mountain Fur Co., of
which Jim Bridger, Thomas Fitzpat
rick and Milton Sablette were mem
bers. They Drank Too Much.
In 1830 it was said that the Ameri
can trappers again fell In with Og
den near the lake and by the use of
liquor, disbanded his trappers to such
an extent that tiey secured an im
mense amount of fur for practically
nothing.
During the next ten years the his
tory of that .part of Utah In the vi
cinity of Ogden Is the story of the
adventures of fur traders and trap
pers, in which occur the names of
Bridger, Vanquez, his partner in the
fort he built on Black's fork, Weber,
after whom an important river was
named, and scores of others.
Ft. Bridger was built in 1843, and
soon after Miles W. Goodyear "built a B
trading post on the Weber river in 8
the present limits of Ogden City, $
probably just north of Twonty-oighth
street, and about 100 yards from the fc
river.
In 1843 John C. Fremont and his
party entered Utah from the north I
and explored the lake. Tho next year j
he returned from California, passing
through Utah over tho Spanish Q
Trail. K
iFromont visited Utah again in 1845, I
and made further explorations on the 1
lake, but did not come as far north
as Ogden. That same year nearly
COO emigrants passed through Utah
on the way to California, according, to
General Bidwell's estimate, and in
184G tho number was about 2,600.
The same year tho Donner party
built the road which changed the
routo Into the valley to Emigration
canyon.
Utah Pioneers Arrive.
In the year following, 1847, came
the Utah Pioneers, and also an in
creased emigration to California and
Oregon, and in January of 1848, Miles
W, Goodyear sold his holdings on
Weber river to Captain James Brown,
of tho Mormon Battalion.
nn
SLEPT SOUNDLY
1 n m
Stories of watches and wizards,
ghosts and goblins and others of the
character that make the hair of the
superstitious, stand on end, or start
cold chills running up and down the
spine of easily Impressed childhood
are related as a part of tho history of
the experience of the Utah pioneers
in their travel across the plains toward
the setting sun.
Although not a pioneer himself,
Rufus A. Garner, assistant postmaster,
I
Ogden's Business Center in 1863.
We are here 1
ToPleaseYou I
We try to do our work right and when anything goes 1
wrong we're right here to make it right. 1
We Specialize on 1
WET I
WASH II
I ' Have you tried us yet? 1
I PHONE 1173 I H
Wet Wash Laundry I
13 W. BILLINGS, Prop. I
1877-79 Wash. Ave. Phone 1173 I
is full of such stories, the same being
handed down to him by the passing
generation who were either members
of the original hand' cart companies,
or so closely identified with them that
the experience the first settlers had
were theirs also, having heard them
repeated in story form so often.
"Several years ago," said Mr. Gar
ner, "I became acquainted, with a man
named C. A. Hinckley, who was a
driver of ox teams, having made
several trips across the plains under
the direction of Brlgham Young. Re
turning with a party of Latter-day
Saints, who formed one of the Hand
Cart companies, the company camped'
for the night along the La Platte
river in eastern Wyoming. That sec
tion of the treeless state' was known
as the cholera, district, many persons
having perished there from the
disease in previous trips toward the
Salt Lake Aalley. It was late in the
"spring season and the wagons being
crowded, the men chose to sleep on
the cround. Thev had become enured
to hardships through their long ex
perience in the open, and to sleep on
the soft grass with no other cover
except that of a stormy sky, was con
sidered the most comfortable way of
reposing and tended to preclude the
possibility of contracting coughs or
colds, so common In the present way
of living. Although still In his teens,
Hinckley chose to sleep out with the
1 men, He figured that since the res
ponsibilities of a man had been im
posed on him and which be accepted
without reluctance, entitled to classi
fication with the men of mature years.
"A short time after tho sun had
gone down, and others in the camps
were lost in slumberland, Hinckley
was awakened by the cold. He arose
and sought a place of shelter. He did
not wish to disturb in any of the other
sleepers, either in the wagons of those
lying on the ground about him. Con-
sequently he searched for a place in H
the open that would afford him some H
shelter from a high wind that had sud- IH
denly come from tho west. After IH
about a halfhour's groping, he spied H
a dark space in the ground between H
two knolls a short distance from the IH
wagons. He crawled into it and not H
heeding the dismal howls of coyotes H
soon fell sleep, when he awoke the H
next morning found he had slept in H
the hollow of a sunken grave. He H
knew it was a grave for the bones H
and the skull of a human being were H
lying about him." H
"Hinckley could never get over that
experience," said Mr. Garner, "Every H
time we met on the street, he would H
ropeat the story of me saying. "Wlel' lfl
I thought I was dead once, having H
slept in a grave and also got a good H
square look into tho skull of the man, H
who preceded me there. The cold H
chills still run up and down my spine H
every time I am reminded of that H
night of peaceful slumber." H
HOW THEY DID IT.
Two married women were Tiaving a H
chat, and, as usual, the conversation H
veered around to the expense of liv- H
H
"It's really awful how the rise in
prices has affected us!" said one sad
ly. "Why, do you know that my bills
for clothes this year are exactly
double what they were last year."
"Goodness!" gasped the other. "I
don't see how your husband can af
ford it." H
"He can't," replied the first calmly.
"But, then, he couldn't afford it last IH
year, so what's the difference?"
Argonaut.
For peeling oranges there has been
Invented a curved piece of bone with
I THE SAL i LAJ1E ROUTE', "W ' " I
I , ?rr ... ., . ELEVEN YEARS OLD LAST MAY . :,,...,i;,r I
I By Howard S Nichols 'I
If The Salt Lake Route, short cut
HI from the great Inter-Mountain Em-
Hf : pire to Southern California with its
H wondrous beauty, romantic history,
HP many gay beach resorts and its
Hf deep sea commerce, was completed
H , eleven years ago. The first regular
Hi ; trains were operated May 1, 1905.
HI ' In these eleven flying years filled
Hi with imagination and achievement,
He the West has changed as if by
H magic. The old Mormon Trail over
H ' lonely wastes to the Pacific shores,
HI , is now a pathway of steel running
H through a land of properous townB
H : and cltieB, splendid farms, fabulous-
He- ly-ich mines, handsome orchards
and well-stocked ranches. Utah,
HI l Colorado, Montana, Idaho, Nevada,
HI Arizona and California have devel
Hf: oped wonderfully and this is just
H i tho beginning.
H: The transformation will be much
iK f greater during the next eleven
!H years as the news of opportunities
H in the WeBt spreads further and
Hi further, as the powerful cumulative
iH effect of the extensive advertising
H' carried on by the Salt Lake Routo
H: and many others .is felt throughout
H: this territory, and as the nation
H; sees the success of the far "West.
Hr The cry "Bock to The Land" has
Hi been growing louder and louder
H; each year in the cities and those
H i venturesome vigorous men and wo
H men who made homeB in the West
years ago, will before they expect
It, see the complete realization of
their dreams of settlement, much ot
which has already been accomplish
The trail from Utah to Southern
California was blazed in 1851, when
the almost prophetic vision of Brig
ham Young, then president of the
Mormon church, caused him to dis.
patch a well-equipped expedition
across the dreary plains and bleak
high mountains to settle In the rich
fa'ir land by the Pacific. The Mor.
mon expedition successfully mado
the long journey with horses and
wagons and selected San Bernar
dino as a town site. It is now
qalled "The Gateway City" to tho
southland, is noted for Its beauty
and prosperity, and is the starting
point for the famous 101 Mile Drivo
On. "The Rim of the World," a sur
passingly fine motor trip over a fine
public highway along the ridges of
lofty mountains affording great vis
tas of the orange groves on one side
and the desert on the other.
Years passed. Wagons still
crawled over the dusty old Mormon
Trail. Settlements were few. Then
ex-Senator W. A. Clark of Montana,
the Master Miner of the West, and
his brother, J. Ross Clark, a Los
Angeles financier, determined upon
the mighty projject of building a
railroad 780 miles long from Salt
Lake City over the old Mormon
i
WBmmsr' J I 1 ' ' ' I in i i -n f M a B m I I 'V f i. .. . iw ... iji i.f i Ji n n iw.
Trail to the tidewaters of the Paci.
fic at San Pedro, now Los Angeles
Harbor and a part of that city.
Great were the difficulties and
heavy the costs but the San Pedro,
Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad
was built in spit of all obstacles and
was built in the most substantial
manner known to engineers.
At the end" of the first fiscal year
June 30, 190G, tho gross earnings
were ?4,7-17,766 according to F. A.
Wann, general traffic manager. To
day' in eleven short years the gross
earning for the fiscal year ending
this June are $11,224,591. Such has
been the development of traffic
over the new lino through a virgin
wilderness. This remarkable ad
vance has been inade despite tho
fact that floods washed out tho
railroad annually until 1910 and
that much time and money were
lost until the roadbed of 78 mll.ee
through canyons was lifted com
pletely onto the New High Line far
above the reach of swollen torrents
at a cost of over $5,000,000. Giant
concrete abutments and vast retain
ing walls beneath the surface of the
stream and dry channels and huge
steel girders, now guard the road
bed above. Today the Salt Lake
Route is one of the most secure of
all American railroads from wash
outs or delays.
Salt Lake Route freight trains
are operated on -regular schedules
like passenger trains and through
merchandise cars are operated
daily from Chicago and tho Mis
souri river in connection with the
Union Pacific system.
Cargoes to and from foreign
lands are loaded and unloaded at
the great deep water wharves of
the Salt Lake Routo in Los Angeles
Harbor, whore "big ships He along
side tho freight cars and cargo
booms swing tons as easily as a
child's fingers lift a pencil.
No passenger have been killed
in train accidents in nine yeara on
the Salt Route, says H. C Nutt,
general manager and the record Is
one to be proud 'of. Four hundred
thousand dollars aro now being
spent on additional block signals
for Safety First Is a Salt Lake
Routo slogan. This year tho road
is spending a million and a thlra
dollars for betterments.
The passenger service is not only
as safe as human ingenuity can
make it, but it is exceedingly com
fortable and satisfactory. Elegant
modern cars with every convent,
ence, heavy rail laid on a smooth
perfectly-ballasted track, and pow
erful engines combine to make tho
trip to the coast an interesting and
pleasant ride. To quoto T, C. Peck,
general passenger agent and veter
an traveler, "Tho ride on tho Los
Angeles Limited is being in a hotel
on wheels." Rather different from
that old trail the strudy Mormon
pioneers trod in ISSi.
Each summer brings more peo
pie to the cool seaside resorts of
Southern California with their in
vigorating surf-bathing, fishing for
game fish, pleasure palaces and
gayetles for the American public is
learning that although the south,
land is delightfully warm and sun
ny in winter, it is also cool and re
freshing in summertime. There are
six plain reasons for this natural
phenomenon, six reasons easily un
A mcl nrrl if nnn Hilt cinnc rt tliSnlr
First, there "is the lltitude; sec
ond, the vast Pacific ocean always
in motion with Its cool tonic winds;
third, the peculiar fact that when
ever the temperature begins to rise
in this region, the humidity is
squeezed out of the air by dynamic
pressure as one wrings water out
of a sponge; this is of vast climatic
value to Southern California as it
eliminates the possibility of muggy
stifling weather which is sometimes
experienced in the central and
eastern states; fourth the wonder,
ful velo cloud of California, called
.tho high fog, which regularly ap
pears in the summer forenoons and
screens the earth from the sun's
rays for several hours thus pre
venting an excessive heating of the
surface; the Spaniards call it 'El
Velo de la Luz del Sol," tho veil
whioh hides the light of tho sun;
fifth, the great air draughts caused
by the rising of hot air in tho in
terior valleys and deserts which
sweeping upward makes room for a
rush of cool air from the seaboard
as invariably as the sun rises and
sets; and sixth, the varied pic- IH
turesque contour of the land itself
with its mountains, foothills, passes IH
and valleys, lying along the sea. IH
shore, and inviting the air currents
to constant activity.
I make this explanation of South- IH
era California s extraordinary ell-
mate upon the authority of Dr. Ford
A. Carpenter, author and meteoro-
logist U. S. Weather Bureau, Los IH
Angeles, so you may understand
why one can plan bathing parties or
outings a month in advance in this
unusual climate, and why the sum
mor is as delightful as the winter
The Panama-California exposi
tlon at San Diego is even greater
this year than last, for It has been jH
enriched by innumerable splendid
exhibits of foreign countries, art H
collections and private exhibits
from the San Francisco exposition
and the wonderful floral beauty
has increased of course with tho
added time so that today it is per
haps the most alluring fair of fairs,
overlooking the Harbor of The Sun.
Such is tho country at the other
end of the Salt Lake Route today,
and such perhaps is the vision
Brlghain Young and his far-sighteu
counselors had in 3851 whon they
sent the first Anglo-Saxon settlers,
it is said, Into Southern California. Jm

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